Exploring the impact of super-resolution deep learning on MR angiography image quality
ConclusionSR-DLR with k-space properties can offer the benefits of increased spatial resolution without the associated drawbacks of longer scan times and reduced SNR and CNR in intracranial MRA. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 27, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

33rd year Turkish Society of Neuroradiology Congress
(Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 23, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Impaired glymphatic system revealed by DTI-ALPS in cerebral palsy due to periventricular leukomalacia: relation with brain lesion burden and hand dysfunction
ConclusionThis study provides new insights into the neural basis of hand dysfunction in children with CP, demonstrating an important role of glymphatic impairment in such patients. These results suggest that PVL might affect hand function in children with CP by disrupting glymphatic drainage. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 22, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The cortical high-flow sign of oligodendroglioma, IDH-mutant and 1p/19q-codeleted: comparison between arterial spin labeling and dynamic susceptibility contrast methods
ConclusionASL effectively identifies the cortical high-flow sign in ODGIDHm-codel, surpassing DSC in identification rates. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 21, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Neuromuscular imaging in clinical practice: an ESNR survey of 30 centers
ConclusionsBased on the survey findings, we can conclude that the current approach to neuromuscular imaging varies considerably among European and extra-European countries, both in terms of image acquisition and post-processing. Some of the challenges identified include the translation of research achievements (related to advanced imaging) into practical applications in a clinical setting, implementation of quantitative imaging post-processing techniques, adoption of structured reporting methods, and communication with referring physicians. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 19, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy in MELAS syndrome: correlation with CSF and plasma metabolite levels and change after glutamine supplementation
ConclusionNo significant metabolite changes were observed in the brains of MELAS patients after glutamine supplementation. While we found a positive correlation between lactate levels in CSF and1H-MRS in MELAS patients, we could not monitor treatment response over short periods with this tool.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04948138; initial release 24/06/2021; first patient enrolled on 1/07/2021.https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04948138 (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 19, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Automatic estimation of brain parenchymal fraction in patients with multple sclerosis: a comparison between synthetic MRI and an established automated brain segmentation software based on FSL
ConclusionIn summary, BPF based on data from SyMRI and FSL-SIENAX is not directly transferable because an overestimation and higher variability of SyMRI values were observed. However, the consistency and correlations between the two methods were satisfactory, and SyMRI was suitable to quantify disease-specific atrophy in MS. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 18, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

MRI of cerebral oedema in ischaemic stroke and its current use in routine clinical practice
AbstractCurrently, with the knowledge of the role of collateral circulation in the development of cerebral ischaemia, traditional therapeutic windows are being prolonged, with time not being the only criterion. Instead, a more personalised approach is applied to select additional patients who might benefit from active treatment. This review briefly describes the current knowledge of the pathophysiology of the development of early ischaemic changes, the capabilities of MRI to depict such changes, and the basics of the routinely used imaging techniques broadly available for the assessment of individual phases of cerebral isc...
Source: Neuroradiology - December 16, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Radiological features of thyroid-like low-grade nasopharyngeal papillary adenocarcinoma: case series and systematic review
ConclusionWe summarized the clinical and radiological features of TL-LGNPPA to facilitate accurate diagnosis and appropriate management. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 16, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging of supratentorial intraventricular masses in children: a pictorial review —part 2
ConclusionThe WHO CNS5 introduces notable changes, emphasizing the vital importance of molecular diagnostics in classifying pediatric central nervous system tumors. These foundational shifts have significant potential to impact management strategies and, as a result, the outcomes of intraventricular masses in children. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 12, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

European Society of Neuroradiology (ESNR)
(Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 11, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A systematic review of (semi-)automatic quality control of T1-weighted MRI scans
ConclusionDue to dataset-specific optimization, it is challenging to draw broad conclusions about comparative performance. Additionally, large variations exist in the used datasets and benchmarks, further hindering direct algorithm comparison. The findings emphasize the need for standardization and comparative studies for advancing QC in MR imaging. Efforts should focus on identifying a dataset-independent measure as well as algorithm-independent methods for assessing the relative performance of different approaches. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 4, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Progressive white matter degeneration in patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 2
ConclusionThis study provides evidence of brain macrostructural and microstructural alterations and of progression over time in SCA2. The FBA-derived metrics may serve as potential biomarkers of SCA2 progression. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - December 2, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Structural connectivity as a predictive factor for responsiveness to levetiracetam treatment in epilepsy
ConclusionWe demonstrated that structural connectivity is a potential predictive factor for responsiveness to LEV treatment in patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - November 28, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes of carotid stenting in a single neurovascular center: up to 12-year retrospective analysis with a focus on the influence of comorbidities
ConclusionLong-term follow-up data confirmed the effectiveness and durability of CAS as a therapy option for both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. In patient selection for CAS, special consideration should be paid to patient age, ability to engage in physical activity, and diabetes mellitus. (Source: Neuroradiology)
Source: Neuroradiology - November 27, 2023 Category: Radiology Source Type: research