Positional Cranial Deformation In Children: A Plea For The Efficacy Of The Cranial Helmet In Children.
PMID: 31958410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - January 17, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Picart T, Beuriat PA, Szathmari A, Rocco FD, Mottolese C Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Tumefactive Perivascular Space Demonstrated with Post-Contrast Time-of-Flight MR Angiography.
In this study, we present a case of tumefactive perivascular space demonstrated with post-contrast time-of-flight (TOF) MR angiography. To our knowledge, there have been no previous clear demonstrations of the perforating artery in tumefactive perivascular space with contrast-enhanced TOF MR angiography. The purpose of this study was to describe advanced imaging findings in this unusual condition. PMID: 31953071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - January 14, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Taydas O, Erarslan Y, Ates OF, Ogul H, Kantarci M Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Optimizing Medical Postoperative Care: Role of the Hospitalist in a Department of Adult Neurosurgery. Prospective Comparative Observational Study.
CONCLUSION: Postoperative care in neurosurgery can be improved by the presence of a hospitalist, reducing the rates of complications, requests for specialist opinion and hospital stay. The job description, work schedule and organization and financing remain to be defined. Studying other organizations to supplement the present benchmarking could help strike a better balance between time-saving and reinforcement of the medical-surgical team on the one hand and enhanced budgeting for comorbidities and care optimization on the other. PMID: 31953072 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - January 14, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Dufour H, Rousseau-Ventos D Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

How to differentiate spinal cord hemangiopericytoma from common spinal cord tumor?
CONCLUSION: SFT/HPC is a very rare spinal tumor that can be extramedullary, intramedullary or both. It may perfectly mimic meningioma. The maximal resection is the best treatment, but can be challenging because of the tumor's firm consistency and pial adherences to the spinal cord. Outcome is good in case of gross total resection, but there is a risk of very late recurrence, requiring long-term follow-up. PMID: 31953073 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - January 14, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Dauleac C, Vasiljevic A, Berhouma M Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Microsurgical treatment of cervical spinal hemangioblastoma.
CONCLUSION: Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) can be used for diagnosis of CSHB. Finding and blocking the nutrient arteries during surgery is necessary reduce bleeding. Total tumor resection requires accurately identifying and separating the proliferative area around the tumor. PMID: 31953074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - January 14, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Chang H, Li J, Wang P, Lu X, Li B Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Results of C1 lateral mass-C2-3 transfacet screwing in os odontoideum.
PMID: 31953075 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - January 14, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Akay A, Nasirov R Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Clivus fracture and entrapment of the basilar artery.
PMID: 31953076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - January 14, 2020 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Moscote-Salazar LR, Garcia-Ballestas E, Agrawal A Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Craniosynostosis and oculomotor disorders.
CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS AND OCULOMOTOR DISORDERS. Neurochirurgie. 2019 Dec 19;: Authors: Dalmas F, Pech-Gourg G, Gallucci A, Denis D, Scavarda D PMID: 31866515 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - December 19, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Dalmas F, Pech-Gourg G, Gallucci A, Denis D, Scavarda D Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Functional Outcome 1 Year After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Due To Ruptured Intracranial Aneurysm In Elderly Patients.
CONCLUSION: Elderly patients in good clinical condition with aSAH should be treated regardless of associated comorbidities. Curative treatment (EV or MS) reduced mortality without increasing dependence, in comparison with conservative treatment. PMID: 31863744 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - December 18, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Proust F, Bracard S, Thines L, Pelissou-Guyotat I, Leclerc X, Penchet G, Bergé J, Morandi X, Gauvrit JY, Mourier K, Ricolfi F, Lonjon M, Sedat J, Bataille B, Drouineau J, Civit T, Magro E, Cebula H, Chassagne P, David P, Emery E, Gaberel T, Vignes JR, Ag Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Role of bioclimate conditions on cerebral aneurysm rupture in the Brittany region of France.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from intracranial aneurysm rupture is an unpredictable event responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. Despite inconsistencies, some studies suggest a potential role of climate conditions in SAH onset. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of climatic and lunar factors on onset of SAH in an oceanic climate such as that of Brittany, France. METHODS: All adults with SAH admitted to the neurosurgery department and intensive care unit of the University Hospital of Rennes (France) between January 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2012 were ...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - December 10, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Launey Y, Gac GL, Reste PL, Gauvrit JY, Morandi X, Seguin P Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Minimally invasive posterior fixation and anterior debridement-fusion for spondylodiscitis: a 40-case series and review of the literature.
CONCLUSION: Two-stage minimally invasive surgery is effective and safe for the treatment of single or two-level thoracolumbar spondylodiscitis. It could be an alternative to conventional open surgery or conservative treatment. PMID: 31836488 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - December 10, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Farah K, Peyriere H, Graillon T, Prost S, Dufour H, Blondel B, Fuentes S Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Residual vestibular function after vestibular schwannoma surgery.
CONCLUSION: Cases with moderate vestibulo-ocular reflex gain were a subgroup with partial conservation of vestibular nerve fibers. Whether this is a predictor of better functional prognosis remains to be elucidated. Higher gain correlated with less extensive surgery and sparing of the inferior vestibular nerve. Low gain correlated with complete vestibular neurectomy. This information may guide rehabilitation strategy following surgery. PMID: 31812711 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - December 5, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Černý R, Balatková Z, Hrubá S, Danková M, Volf P, Kutílek P, Plzák J, Bandurová V, Koucký V, Mrázkova E, Čada Z Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Comprehensive analysis of meningioma in the first two decades of life: a systematic review.
CONCLUSION: Meningioma in this population presented 2 differences compared to the adult population: male predominance, and high incidence of atypical meningioma. Surgery was the primary treatment. Adjuvant radiotherapy is controversial in the literature. PMID: 31809786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - December 3, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Pereira BJA, de Almeida AN, de Aguiar PHP, Paiva WS, Teixeira MJ, Marie SKN Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Introduction au rapport sur les craniost énoses.
Introduction au rapport sur les craniosténoses. Neurochirurgie. 2019 Nov;65(5):195 Authors: Di Rocco F, Zerah M PMID: 31699291 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - November 1, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Di Rocco F, Zerah M Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Neuro-oncological features of spinal meningiomas: systematic review.
CONCLUSION: WHO grade I predominance was observed among spinal meningiomas, analogous to intracranial meningiomas. SMs predominated in the thoracic spine. Surgery with gross total resection was achieved in the vast majority of cases, resulting in low recurrence and mortality rates. PMID: 31672597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 28, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Pereira BJA, de Almeida AN, Paiva WS, de Aguiar PHP, Teixeira MJ, Marie SKN Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Ossified Dysraphic Hamartoma with Lipomeningomyelocele.
PMID: 31672598 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 28, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Iplikcioglu AC, Karabag H Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Partial hybrid cranial vault remodeling in late correction of scaphocephaly and revision surgery. A monocentric retrospective study of nine consecutive cases.
We present here a monocentric retrospective study of nine patients operated consecutively by a fixed expansion method of the cranial vault which may be associated with a fronto-orbital remodeling.The procedure consists in the realization of multiple parietal tongue-in-groove osteotomies fixed by resorbable plates. Simultaneous fronto-orbital remodeling have been performed when needed. No intraoperative complication was noted. The average operating time was 141 min. Six patients (66.7%) had a blood transfusion during the perioperative period. The average hospital stay was 4.8 days.With a mean follow-up of 26,7 months, no su...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 23, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Herlin C, Captier G, Bigorre M, Chan-Seng E, Roujeau T Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

External ventricular drainage for intracranial hypertension syndrome complicating influenza-associated encephalitis.
PMID: 31634506 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 18, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Demailly Z, Derrey S, Gueit I, Caron F, Baron A, Dureuil B, Braud H, Gilard V Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Serum Endocan and Preoperative Systemic Inflammatory Markers in Patients with Epilepsy.
CONCLUSIONS: Angiogenesis and low-grade inflammation may play a role in the development and progression of epilepsy. We suggest that larger cohort of epilepsy patients with longer-term follow-up should be studied. PMID: 31634507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 18, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Ozdemir AF, Kemerdere R, Orhan B, Emre HO, Inal BB, Kayhan A, Yeni SN, Tanriverdi T Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Cylindroma spine metastasis: long-term follow-up is required.
Conclusion This case highlights the critical importance of long follow up of ACC patients, due to late spine metastases. Diagnosis spinal metastasis of salivary carcinoma should be considered, to guide management, especially in clinical follow-up. PMID: 31634508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 18, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Riche M, Mathon B, Mokhtari K, Carpentier A, Amelot A Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Solitary plasmacytoma of the skull vault: a rare case report.
PMID: 31634509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 18, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Bouali S, Taallah M, Bahri K, Zehani A, Abderrahmen K, Kallel J Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Genetic bases of craniosynostoses: an update.
In this study, we reviewed the main molecular etiologies reported in the last 15 years of either SCS or NSCS, and we propose a systematic multidisciplinary approach as well as a diagnostic flowchart for the genetic evaluation of these patients. PMID: 31605683 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 9, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Armand T, Schaefer E, Rocco FD, Edery P, Collet C, Rossi M Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Spontaneous appearance of de novo intracranial arteriovenous malformation in hepatic cirrhosis.
CONCLUSIONS: This case report and literature review renews previously discussed hemodynamic theories and contributes to a fuller understanding of the pathogenesis and progression of AVM. We postulate a causal link between hepatopathy and de novo AVM, which should be strengthened and interpreted based on recent genetic data and future prospective studies. PMID: 31605684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 9, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Gondar R, El Rahal A, Kulcsár Z, Schaller K, Momjian S Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Reducing blood loss in pediatric craniosynostosis surgery by use of tranexamic acid.
CONCLUSION: TXA significantly reduces blood loss and the need for transfusions in children undergoing craniosynostosis surgery. TXA administration should be a routine part of strategy to reduce blood loss and limit transfusions in these procedures. PMID: 31586574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 3, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Eustache G, Riffaud L Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

[Development and growth of the vault of the skull].
Abstract The vault of the skull is a region of the neurocranium formed by a process of membranous ossification. It consists of several bones: frontal bone, parietal bone, squamous part of the temporal bone, lamina ascendens of the sphenoid, and interparietal bone. The embryological origin of the bones of the skull vault is still the subject of controversy. This can be explained by the different animal models used for these purposes, but also by the various techniques applied to this problem. At all events, it seems that the cells of the neural crest generate some of the bones of the vault and that the others are d...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 3, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Catala M, Khonsari RH, Paternoster G, Arnaud E Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

How ultrasonography can contribute diagnosis of craniosynostosis.
CONCLUSION: Cranial suture ultrasound is an effective and reliable technique for the diagnosis of craniosynostosis. It has many advantages: it is fast and non-irradiating, and no sedation is required. It should be used as first-line imaging in infants below the age of 8-12 months when craniosynostosis is clinically suspected. PMID: 31586456 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 2, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Proisy M, Bruneau B, Riffaud L Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

[Neuropsychological consequences of craniosynostosis: non-syndromic scaphocephaly].
Conclusions Many children with scaphocephaly must cope with a specific neuropsychological profile throughout development. This study suggests the interest for these children and their families of specific follow-up in reference centers. PMID: 31585152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - October 1, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Verlut I, Mottolese C, Szathmari A, Banvillet E, Poncet A, Blache A, Rousselle C, Gleizal A, Paulus C, Di Rocco F Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Ophthalmological management in craniosynostosis.
CONCLUSION: Children with craniosynostosis require a multidisciplinary care network including a pediatric ophthalmologist. Systematic ophthalmological follow-up enables papilledema to be diagnosed and amblyopia to be diagnosed and treated, in order to avoid visual impairment. PMID: 31574284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 28, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Touzé R, Robert M Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Craniosynostosis and ENT.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to review the literature on ENT disorders associated with craniosynostosis (CS), focusing on symptoms, diagnostic work-up, treatment and outcome. METHODS: Publications were retrieved by consulting the PubMed® free search engine of the US National Library of Medicine. The term "craniosynostosis" was combined with the following key-words: ENT, apneas, OSAS, sleep-disordered breathing, tonsillectomy, deafness, hearing loss. RESULTS: The main ENT disorders associated with CS are upper airway obstruction, chronic otitis and hearing loss. Obstr...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 27, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Couloigner V, Khalfallah SA Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

D éveloppement et croissance de la base du crâne.
Développement et croissance de la base du crâne. Neurochirurgie. 2019 Sep 27;: Authors: Catala M Abstract The skull base is a part of the neuro-cranium formed by endochondral ossification. The embryological origin of the skull base is not perfectly known, but there seems to be an anterior region derived from the neural crest and a posterior part derived from the mesoderm. Further studies are needed to define reliable presumptive maps. The origin of the different components of the occipital bone is just as poorly known. Much fundamental work remains to be done to suggest any solution to th...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 27, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Catala M Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Virtual 3D planning of osteotomies for craniosynostoses and complex craniofacial malformations.
CONCLUSION: Computer-assisted surgery is revolutionizing the surgical approach to complex craniofacial malformations, as well as easing management of less complex ones. It is likely that in the years to come this technique will supersede previous ones. However, using this technique implies being willing to rely on a non-human device. We need to consider computer-assisted surgery as a tool that can change surgical practices. The surgeon can rely on it, yet nothing will replace his/her eye and experience. It is the combination of both this experience and the appropriate use of computer-assisted surgery that, ultimately, lead...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 27, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Laure B, Louisy A, Joly A, Travers N, Listrat A, Pare A Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Recent advances in trigonocephaly.
CONCLUSIONS: Neurosurgeons, maxillofacial and plastic surgeons will be increasingly concerned with trigonocephaly because of the increase in prevalence observed over the last two decades. Cytogenetic alterations are probably underestimated in this craniosynostosis, considering the high rate of neurodevelopmental retardation compared to other single-suture synostoses. Genetic counseling is therefore more and more effective in this pathology. An objective method to evaluate the cosmetic results of both endoscopic and open surgeries is necessary, as some under-corrections have been reported with minimally invasive surgery. ...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 27, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Mocquard C, Aillet S, Riffaud L Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

The metopic suture: natural history.
Abstract The metopic suture (MS) is one of the main sutures of the calvaria; premature closure is responsible for trigonocephaly, while persistence (metopism) is considered a normal variant. The ages of onset and completion of MS closure and prevalence of metopism in normal children are poorly documented. We studied the pattern of MS closure on 3D-CT scans of 477 children admitted for head trauma since 2012. We also studied the prevalence of trigonocephaly and the sex ratio in our clinical series of patients with all types of synostosis diagnosed during the last 4 decades. In the majority of children, MS closure s...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 25, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Vinchon M Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Craniosynostosis and metabolic bone disorder. A review.
CONCLUSION: The impact of metabolic synostosis is very variable, depending on the specific underlying metabolic disease, with a large spectrum of morphological and functional consequences. Diagnosis should be early and management should be carried out by a multidisciplinary team with expertise in both rare skeletal disorders and craniosynostosis. The impact of emergent medical therapies recently developed for some of these diseases will be assessed by systematic coherent follow-up of international registries. PMID: 31562881 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 25, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Di Rocco F, Rothenbuhler A, Daire VC, Bacchetta J, Adamsbaum C, Baujat G, Rossi M, Lingart A Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Deformational plagiocephaly: state of the art and review of the literature.
PMID: 31562882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 25, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Beuriat PA, Szathmari A, Rocco FD, Mottolese C Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Management of isolated and complex craniosynostosis residual deformities: what are the maxillofacial tools?
MANAGEMENT OF ISOLATED AND COMPLEX CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS RESIDUAL DEFORMITIES: WHAT ARE THE MAXILLOFACIAL TOOLS? Neurochirurgie. 2019 Sep 25;: Authors: Joly A, Croise B, Travers N, Listrat A, Pare A, Laure B Abstract Treatment of craniosynostosis is complex and has greatly progressed in recent decades. From the early stages in the 1950s to today's most recent techniques, surgeons have faced the challenge of overcoming the deformities often caused by such invasive, complex surgeries. In the most recent years, new techniques have been developed that address surgical sequelae, including those of surgery perfo...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 25, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Joly A, Croise B, Travers N, Listrat A, Pare A, Laure B Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of fusion of metabolic and structural images for stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors without enhancement after contrast medium injection.
CONCLUSION: 18F-FDOPA metabolic imaging is an aid in choosing the target to be biopsied under stereotactic conditions in tumors without MR enhancement. Nevertheless, despite good sensitivity, 18F-FDOPA PET is insufficient for definitive diagnosis of high-grade tumor. PMID: 31560911 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 24, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Todeschi J, Bund C, Cebula H, Chibbaro S, Lhermitte B, Pin Y, Lefebvre F, Izzie JN, Proust F Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

The growth of the posterior cranial fossa in FGFR2-induced faciocraniosynostosis: a review.
DISCUSSION: Of the various techniques for measuring posterior fossa volume, direct slice-by-slice contouring is the most precise and sensitive. Posterior fossa growth follows a bi-phasic pattern due to opening of the petro-occipital, occipito-mastoidal and spheno-occipital sutures. Some studies reported smaller posterior fossae in syndromic craniostenosis, whereas direct contouring studies reported no difference between normal and craniostenotic patients. In Crouzon syndrome, synchondrosis fusion occurs earlier than in normal subjects, and follows a precise pattern. This premature fusion in Crouzon syndrome leads to a sten...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 23, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Coll G, Rabbo FA, Jecko V, Sakka L, Rocco FD, Delion M Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

[Psychological support for children operated on for craniosynostosis and their family Some thoughts for the craniofacial surgeon].
We present a few thoughts that help understand the psychological processes at work in case of craniostenosis, giving a little hint of the impact on the life of the child and family - which surgeons, preoccupied by more technical questions, sometimes tend to overlook. PMID: 31557490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 23, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Huguet L, Mottolese C, Paulus C, Beuriat PA, Szathmari A, Gleizal A, Rocco FD Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Addressing Hypertelorism: Indications and Techniques.
Abstract From its first descriptions in the early 1920s to today's use of cutting guides via computer-assisted surgery, surgical techniques to address hypertelorism have progressed. The present article aims to provide historical background and an overview of the development of surgical techniques during the late 20th century and in recent years. First, a historical overview identifies the most important surgical advances leading to the present state of the art. Each major surgical innovation is described, to explain the changes in this surgical field, according to the type of approach. Then, a precise description ...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 23, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Laure B, Batut C, Benouhagrem A, Joly A, Travers N, Listrat A, Pare A Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

What remains of non-syndromic bicoronal synostosis?
Abstract More and more genetic syndromes are associated with bicoronal synostosis (BCS), making non-syndromic BCS (NSBCS) a shrinking entity. However, the numerical importance and clinical impact of syndromic BCS (SBCS) versus NSBCS have not been much studied. We retrospectively reviewed our experience with BCS over the last four decades in order to compare prevalence trends in SBCS and NSBCS. 195 patients were treated for BCS during the period 1978-2017: 104 (53.3%) were syndromic, 24 (12.3%) showed clinical and/or familial features suggesting a syndrome, although without final diagnostic confirmation, and 7 (3.5...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 13, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Vinchon M Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Hydrocephalus and Chiari malformation pathophysiology in FGFR2-related faciocraniosynostosis: a review.
DISCUSSION: Different pathophysiological theories have been proposed, but none elucidated all the symptoms present in Apert, Crouzon and Pfeiffer syndromes. The first theory that addressed CSF circulation disruption was the constrictive theory (cephalocranial disproportion): cerebellum and brain stem are constricted by the small volume of the posterior fossa. The second theory proposed venous hyperpressure due to jugular foramens stenosis. The most recent theory proposed a pressure differential between CSF in the posterior fossa and in the vertebral canal, due to foramen magnum stenosis. PMID: 31525395 [PubMed - as su...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 13, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Coll G, Ouadih YE, Rabbo FA, Gecko V, Sakka L, Rocco FD Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Awake surgery for isolated parenchymal degenerating neurocysticercosis - case report and focused review of misdiagnosis of neurocysticercosis.
We report here an original surgical strategy, and review previous studies reporting misdiagnosis, using the PRISMA guidelines. A 24-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for recent memory impairment, hypoesthesia of the right hand, and recurrent focal seizures without loss of consciousness. Brain MRI revealed a single ring-enhancing parenchymal lesion in the left superior postcentral gyrus, with large perilesional edema. Since exhaustive systemic exploration was negative, surgical resection of was decided on in a multidisciplinary team meeting. To preserve eloquent brain areas, surgery was performed in awake condition....
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 10, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Vienne A, Dulou R, Bielle F, Baruteau M, Maison FL, Yordanova YN Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Crossed cerebellar diaschisis in status epilepticus.
PMID: 31505193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 7, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Yokota H, Ida Y Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Medulloblastoma: clinical presentation.
Abstract Medulloblastomas present generally a-specifically as a fast-evolving posterior fossa tumor. Medical literature is poor concerning clinical features of medulloblastomas and their potential significance. In the present study, we reviewed 91 pediatric observations of medulloblastomas treated in Lille between 1997 and 2017. Clinical and epidemiological variables were collected and intercorrelated. They were also compared with anatomical and pathological findings, and outcome, with the aim of defining clinical-pathological entities. We also compared the group with 32 cases of posterior fossa ependymoma and 130...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - September 5, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Vinchon M, Leblond P Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Surgery for recurrent medulloblastoma: a review.
CONCLUSION: Recurrent medulloblastoma is often fatal in children who have previously received radiotherapy. The role of surgery in improving survival is unclear, but there is some evidence that resection of a focal single posterior fossa recurrence can bring survival benefit. The value of biopsy lies in the optimisation and selection of appropriate targeted therapy and in excluding a second malignancy. PMID: 31351079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - July 24, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Rolland A, Aquilina K Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

A clinical study of paraspinal nerve block on treatment of herpes zoster under ultrasonic guidance.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: -To study the ultrasound guiding by methylenum coeruleum thoracic paravertebral block analgesia effect and promote healing of herpes zoster. METHODS: -A total of 87 patients with herpes zoster were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, and the two groups received the same treatment including antiviral drug, nerve nutrition, in order to increase the body's resistance. The observation group were given thoracic paravertebral block with methylenum coeruleum guided by ultrasound, recorded visual analogue scale (VAS) of the two groups of patients for their hypersensitiv...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - July 23, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Zhao P, Mei L Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Elevated hemoglobin is associated with poor prognosis in Tibetans with poor-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage after clipping: A Retrospective Case-Control Study.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: High hemoglobin (HGB) concentration is frequently seen in Tibetans in clinical practice; however, the impact on postsurgical prognosis in patients with poor-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is not precisely known. Thus, we sought to understand the association between high HGB level and postoperative outcome in Tibetans with poor-grade aSAH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Results of clipping in consecutive Tibetan patients with poor-grade aSAH were analyzed retrospectively for the period January 2012 to January 2017. Based on the upper limit (160g/L) of normal hemoglobin levels, pati...
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - July 10, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Anqi X, Ruiqi C, Yanming R, Chao Y Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

C1-C2 type Harms internal fixation for unstable C2 fracture in a 6-year-old boy: case report.
CONCLUSIONS: Posterior internal fixation for unstable C2 fractures in children can be effective and relatively safe. PMID: 31301388 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - July 10, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Serratrice N, Fievet L, Aulanier A, Pech Gourg G, Scavarda D, Fuentes S Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research

Bertolotti's syndrome in children: From low-back pain to surgery. A case report.
We report the case of a 13-year-old child diagnosed with Bertolotti's syndrome after several years of functional complaints. Conventional radiography was used to diagnose the transverse mega-apophysis of L5, while sectional and functional imaging confirmed a lumbosacral-iliac impingement. In view of the transient efficacy of medical management, surgical resection of the transverse mega-apophysis was performed. The medium-term decline in symptoms was excellent and the patient resumed physical activities without limitation or pain. PMID: 31301389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuro-Chirurgie)
Source: Neuro-Chirurgie - July 10, 2019 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Cuenca C, Bataille J, Ghouilem M, Ballouhey Q, Fourcade L, Marcheix PS Tags: Neurochirurgie Source Type: research