Prelims.
Authors: PMID: 32325452 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - April 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Foreword.
Authors: Wagemans N PMID: 32268323 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - April 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Preface.
Authors: Ogra PL, Walker WA, Lönnerdal B PMID: 32268329 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - April 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Milk Microbiome and Neonatal Colonization: Overview.
Authors: Rautava S Abstract Breastfeeding confers the infant short- and long-term health benefits and significantly modulates the developing infant gut microbiome. A specific human milk microbiome has relatively recently been discovered, but its origin remains poorly understood. Data from experimental and clinical studies suggest that the bacteria in milk may originate in the maternal gut and be transported via a specific enteromammary pathway, the details of which have not been elucidated yet. The milk microbiome is affected by the maternal metabolic state, antibiotic use, as well as the mode of delivery. We are o...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - April 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Breast Milk and Microbiota in the Premature Gut: A Method of Preventing Necrotizing Enterocolitis.
Authors: Walker WA, Meng D Abstract Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating inflammatory condition of the intestine, which affects premature infants and causes untold damage. Its pathogenesis has to do with how colonizing bacteria interact with the immature newborn intestine. An immature innate immune response with increased TLR-4 on the cell surface and increased signaling molecules, such as NF-κB, can cause excessive inflammation. This is in conjunction with a decrease in the appearance of regulatory molecules which effect the control of innate responses. This condition is so devastating that it mu...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - April 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Effects of Milk Secretory Immunoglobulin A on the Commensal Microbiota.
Authors: Dunne-Castagna VP, Mills DA, Lönnerdal B Abstract Secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) is intimately involved in the transfer of maternal immunity to the newborn breastfed infant. Recent research demonstrates the significance of SIgA in the initial development of the newborn's microbiota and in the establishment of a tolerogenic immunologic disposition towards nonpathogenic organisms and environmental antigens. SIgA has long been known to prevent pathogen binding to the host epithelium through immune exclusion involving numerous mechanisms. This process primarily involves T-cell-dependent, somatically hy...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - April 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Breastfeeding, a Personalized Medicine with Influence on Short- and Long-Term Immune Health.
Authors: Verhasselt V Abstract The neonatal immune system has its own reactivity, constraints, and challenges, which profoundly differ from the adult. Breast milk is most probably a key requirement both for optimal immune function in early life and for imprinting of the immune system for long-term immune health. Here, we will highlight how breast milk fills the needs and the gaps of the developing immune system and thereby represents the unbeatable way to prevent infectious disease. We will further focus on some factors in breast milk that we extensively studied and found to actively influence the immune trajectory...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 31, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Gut Microbiota, Host Gene Expression, and Cell Traffic via Milk.
Authors: Neu J Abstract Contrary to common belief, the human neonate is often born with a nonsterile gastrointestinal tract, suggesting fetal colonization. This has been substantiated by numerous studies showing microbes in meconium. Shortly after birth, the infant is further colonized by microbes that reflect the diet, which in the newborn consists of milk. When fed milk from the mother's breast, the infant derives a set of live microbes that have the capability of colonizing the gastrointestinal tract. This milk also provides a source of enzymes, such as lipase and alkaline phosphatase. Milk also provides a multi...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Beyond the Bacterial Microbiome: Virome of Human Milk and Effects on the Developing Infant.
Authors: Mohandas S, Pannaraj PS Abstract Human milk microbes play an important role in infant health and disease. Emerging evidence shows that human milk viruses are also transmitted from the mother to the infant via breastfeeding. These viruses include eukaryotic viruses, bacterium-infecting viruses called bacteriophages, and other viral particles. Human milk viruses are instrumental in shaping the infant gut virome and microbiome. Eukaryotic DNA and RNA viruses contribute to pathogenic challenges and protection. Bacteriophages have the ability to kill bacteria or supply them with potentially beneficial gene func...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Human Milk Microbiota: Origin and Potential Uses.
Authors: Fernández L, Rodríguez JM Abstract At the beginning of the 21st century, some pioneer studies provided evidence of the existence of a site-specific human milk microbiota. Hygienically collected milk samples from healthy women contain a relatively low bacterial load, which consist mostly of Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, lactic acid bacteria, and other gram-positive bacteria (Corynebacterium, Propionibacterium, and Bifidobacterium). DNA from strict anaerobic bacteria is also detected in human milk samples. The origin of human milk bacteria still remains largely unknown. Although the infant's o...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Effects of Milk Osteopontin on Intestine, Neurodevelopment, and Immunity.
Authors: Jiang R, Lönnerdal B Abstract Osteopontin (OPN) is an acidic phosphorylated glycoprotein involved in a wide range of biological activities, such as cell proliferation and differentiation, as well as immunomodulatory functions. OPN contains integrin and CD44 binding sites, and it exerts its multiple functions by binding to its receptors on the cell membrane to trigger various cellular signaling pathways. It is generated by a variety of cell types, including epithelial cells and immune cells. OPN appears in most body fluids, such as milk and blood, and is present at a high concentration in human milk bu...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Immunomodulatory Components of Human Colostrum and Milk.
Authors: Tlaskalová-Hogenová H, Kverka M, Hrdý J Abstract Human milk is a unique and complex secretion differing from lacteal secretions of other species. Besides nutrition, it provides protection during the newborn's adaption to the extrauterine environment and reduces the morbidity and mortality caused by both infectious and noninfectious diseases. Its components act directly against infectious agents, but they also accelerate the newborn's immune system development, increasing its capacity for defense and reducing the risk of allergy and other immune-related diseases. Cytokines show the most...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Summary on Microbiota of Milk and Lactation: Influence on Gut Colonization.
Authors: Walker WA PMID: 32176879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Oligosaccharides and Viral Infection: Human Milk Oligosaccharides versus Algal Fucan-Type Polysaccharides.
Authors: Hanisch FG, Aydogan C Abstract Norovirus infections belong to the most common causes of human gastroenteritis worldwide, and epidemic outbreaks are responsible for hundreds of thousands deaths annually. Strikingly, no antiviral treatment is available due to the difficulty in cultivating virions or in generating a vaccine, and due to the fact that their infection mechanisms are poorly understood. However, there is consent that noroviruses bind to histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) on their way through the digestive tract. The HBGA profiles vary individually, making people more or less susceptible to differe...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

The Mammary Gland as an Integral Component of the Common Mucosal Immune System.
Authors: Mestecky J Abstract The human mammary gland is an integral effector component of the common mucosal immune system. However, from physiological and immunological aspects, it displays several unique features not shared by other mucosal sites. The development, maturation, and activity of the mammary gland exhibits a strong hormonal dependence. Furthermore, in comparison to the intestinal and respiratory tracts, the mammary gland is not colonized by high numbers of bacteria of enormous diversity and does not contain mucosal inductive sites analogous to the intestinal Peyer's patches. Consequently, when exposed...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Milk Fat Globule Membranes: Effects on Microbiome, Metabolome, and Infections in Infants and Children.
Authors: Hernell O, Lönnerdal B, Timby N Abstract Dietary supplementation with bovine milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) concentrates has recently emerged as a possible means to improve the health of infants and young children, or defense against infections. We identified 5 double-blind, randomized, controlled trials (DBRCT) exploring the effects of supplementing the diet of infants and children with bovine MFGM concentrates on infections. We reviewed 3 studies which found a protective effect against infections at different ages during infancy and early childhood. Two of them have reported effects on the metabol...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Human Milk Oligosaccharides: Structure and Functions.
Authors: Bode L Abstract Oligosaccharides are a group of complex glycans that are present in the milk of most mammals. However, human milk is unique as the concentrations of human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are much higher than those of other mammals, and their structural composition is more complex and varies between women. These observations prompt several questions: (i) Why are humans unique when it comes to milk oligosaccharides? (ii) Which maternal genetic and environmental factors drive the interindividual variation in HMO composition? (iii) What are the short- and long-term health benefits for the infant -...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Summary on Protective Factors in Human Milk.
Authors: Lönnerdal B PMID: 32160615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Clinical Trials of Lactoferrin in the Newborn: Effects on Infection and the Gut Microbiome.
Authors: Embleton ND, Berrington JE Abstract Newborn infants, especially those born preterm, are at risk of infections in early life. In preterm infants, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), a devastating inflammatory gut condition, and late-onset sepsis (LOS) are important causes of serious morbidity and are the commonest reasons for death after the first week of life. Fresh breast milk from the infant's mother reduces the risks of these serious pathologies in a dose-dependent fashion. Considerable effort has been expended to better understand which specific components of human milk are likely to exert the greatest fu...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Summary on Immunology of Milk and Lactation.
Authors: Ogra PL PMID: 32160621 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Immunology of Human Milk and Lactation: Historical Overview.
Authors: Ogra PL Abstract The development of the mammary glands and the process of lactation is an integral component of mammalian evolution, and suckling has been essential for the survival of the neonates of most mammalian species. The colostrum and milk, the major products of lactation, contain a wealth of biologically active products derived from the immunologic and microbiological experiences in the maternal circulation and in the maternal mucosal surfaces. These include major immunoglobulin isotypes in the maternal circulation, secretory IgA, a variety of soluble proteins, casein, nutritional components, horm...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

The Evolution of Lactation in Mammalian Species.
Authors: Oftedal OT Abstract Lactation is a defining characteristic of all mammals, and, indeed, mammals draw their name from mammae, or mammary glands. The evolution of mammary glands has been the subject of debate since Charles Darwin. The purpose of this brief review is not to examine all past theories of mammary evolution but to consider the evolution of the mammary gland in relation to (1) modern paleobiology, giving special attention to the mammaliaforms which had many mammalian features, including delayed tooth development suggestive of milk intake. (2) Comparative aspects of mammary development in monotreme...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - March 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Global Landscape of Malnutrition in Infants and Young Children.
Authors: Neufeld LM, Beal T, Larson LM, Cattaneo FD Abstract Malnutrition during the first years of life has immediate adverse health consequences, including increased mortality risk, and impaired long-term health and capacities. Undernutrition is an important contributor to poor linear growth, stunting, which affects over 149 million children
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Role of Optimized Plant Protein Combinations as a Low-Cost Alternative to Dairy Ingredients in Foods for Prevention and Treatment of Moderate Acute Malnutrition and Severe Acute Malnutrition.
Authors: Manary M, Callaghan-Gillespie M Abstract Tackling the global burden of acute malnutrition in children remains a major public health challenge and is essential for achieving sustainable development. Despite having effective treatment options, most wasted children go untreated; treatment coverage for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) children is only about 20%. Milk is currently an essential component of effective SAM treatment, incorporated into ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF). Reaching the untreated children, as well as preventing SAM, requires investment in innovative and cost-efficient approaches. To ...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Vegan Diet in Young Children.
Authors: Müller P Abstract The prevalence of restrictive diets, mainly vegetarian and vegan, is markedly on the increase in Europe and other Western countries. In young children and adolescents, not only weight and height but also neurocognitive and psychomotor development are all strongly influenced by the source, quantity, and quality of their nutrition. In studies done mainly in adult populations, a plant-based diet showed benefits in the reduced risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and some types of cancer. However, there is no clear evidence that a vegan diet...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Environmental and Physiological Barriers to Child Growth and Development.
Authors: Prentice AM Abstract Aggregated analyses of child growth in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) reveal a remarkably consistent picture of serious growth failure compared to the WHO reference growth curves. Impoverished diets with low dietary diversity are a key driver of poor growth, but there are important additional environmental factors that limit the uptake and utilization of nutrients. This paper considers such factors. A large proportion of the rapid growth deterioration in later infancy can be ascribed to infections and to wider nonspecific effects of living in an unhygienic environment, includ...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Summarizing the Child Growth and Diarrhea Findings of the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Benefits and Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy Trials.
Authors: Makasi RR, Humphrey JH Abstract Stunting is a prevalent form of child undernutrition and is associated with lifelong adverse health outcomes and loss of human capital. The Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Benefits (Bangladesh and Kenya) and Sanitation Hygiene Infant Nutrition Efficacy (SHINE; Zimbabwe) trials were conducted to test the independent and combined effects of improved household WASH (improved pit latrine, handwashing station not connected to a water source, point-of-use water chlorination) and improved infant and young child feeding (IYCF, complementary feeding counseling and daily small-q...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Intergenerational Influences on Child Development: An Epigenetic Perspective.
Authors: Silver MJ Abstract The link between poor maternal nutrition and suboptimal outcomes in offspring is well established, but underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Modifications to the offspring epigenome are a plausible mechanism for the transmission of intergenerational signals that could extend to effects of paternal nutrition mediated by epigenetic modifications in sperm. The epigenome is extensively remodeled in the early embryo. Attention has therefore focused on the periconceptional period as a time when differences in parental nutrition might influence the establishment of epigenetic marks in ...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

The Gut Microbiome in Child Malnutrition.
Authors: Robertson RC Abstract Undernutrition affects almost 25% of all children under the age of 5 worldwide and underlies almost half of all child deaths. Child undernutrition is also associated with long-term growth deficits, in addition to reduced cognitive potential, reduced economic potential, and elevated chronic disease risk in later life. Dietary interventions alone are insufficient to comprehensively reduce the burden of child undernutrition and fail to address the persistent infectious burden of the disease. Although the role of infections is well recognized in the pathogenesis of undernutrition, an emer...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

When Does It All Begin: What, When, and How Young Children Are Fed.
Authors: Bentley ME, Nulty AK Abstract The first 2 years of life are a critical period to promote nutrition and dietary behaviors for optimal growth and development. Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended until 6 months with the addition of safe, nutritionally adequate complementary foods thereafter. Caregiver adherence to international guidelines for feeding infants and toddlers varies depending on the setting, access to information, quality of food, and cultural beliefs. Caregiver feeding style also plays an important role in what foods and drinks are offered and whether young children accept those foods. Feeding...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Improving Children's Diet: Approach and Progress.
Authors: Ramakrishnan U, Webb Girard A Abstract We highlight key findings from a recent comprehensive review of social and behavior change communication (SBCC) interventions to improve complementary feeding in low-middle-income countries and discuss 4 large-scale programs as illustrative case studies. Improving dietary diversity was the most commonly targeted practice, and interpersonal communication was the most commonly used platform for the 64 interventions included in the comprehensive review. The number of behavior change techniques used by any one intervention ranged from 2 to 13 (median 6); all provided inst...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

The Importance of Food Composition Data for Estimating Micronutrient Intake: What Do We Know Now and into the Future?
Authors: Grande F, Vincent A Abstract Food composition tables and databases (FCT/FCDB) centralize data on the energy and nutrient content of foods of a certain country or region. They are essential for many activities related to nutrition. The main factors that can affect the quality of FCT/FCDB are the sources of the data, coverage of foods and components, food description, and component identification. Around 100 countries have published at least one FCT/FCDB, although many of them are outdated and vary considerably in terms of data quality, documentation, and accessibility. A great number of those FCT/FCDB conta...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Balancing Safety and Potential for Impact in Universal Iron Interventions.
Authors: Baldi AJ, Larson LM, Pasricha SR Abstract Almost 300 million children under 5 years of age are anemic worldwide. International policymakers recommend universal distribution of iron-based interventions - either iron supplements or iron-containing multiple micronutrient powders - to alleviate the burden of anemia in young children. When considering whether to implement universal iron interventions, it is essential to balance the putative benefits with possible risks. The key rationale for deploying universal iron interventions to reduce anemia in young children is to improve development, growth, and well-bei...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Role of Milk and Dairy Products in Growth of the Child.
Authors: Grenov B, Larnkjær A, Mølgaard C, Michaelsen KF Abstract Cow's milk and dairy products intake increase linear growth in children and result in increased adult stature. This is supported by observational and intervention studies mainly from low- and middle-income countries. However, recent reviews primarily based on studies from well-nourished populations question the relation. The probable effects seem to be mediated by insulin-like growth factor-1 and insulin and to be more pronounced during periods of high growth velocity. Several components of cow's milk are suggested to stimulate growth: a...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Vitamin B12: An Intergenerational Story.
Authors: Chittaranjan Y Abstract Vitamin B12 is a fascinating nutrient in that it is made by microbes but is essential for human metabolism. Humans can get it only from animal origin foods. Dietary deficiency rather than an absorption defect (Pernicious anemia, intrinsic factor defect) is the commonest cause of deficiency in the world, contributed by cultural and economic imperatives. Indians have a large prevalence of subclinical B12 deficiency due to vegetarianism. Birth cohort with long-term serial follow-up (Pune Maternal Nutrition Study) has helped reveal the life-course evolution of B12 deficiency: genetics, ...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Human Milk as the First Source of Micronutrients.
Authors: Allen LH, Hampel D Abstract Well-nourished mothers are assumed to produce adequate concentrations of nutrients in their milk for optimal infant growth and development and infants should be exclusively breastfed during the first 6 months. It is important to know the nutrient content of human milk as this information is used to set recommended adequate intakes (AIs) for infants. Our review of existing information reveals that the AI recommendations are based on poor data. The milk content of a few nutrients may not be adequate to provide requirements for 6 months even in well-nourished mothers. Importan...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Summary on Pediatric Nutrition: Challenges and Approaches to Address Them.
Authors: Neufeld LM PMID: 31991437 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Summary on the Role of Milk in Early  Life.
Summary on the Role of Milk in Early Life. Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser. 2020;93:121-124 Authors: Michaelsen KF PMID: 31991438 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Summary of Environmental Impacts on Nutrition.
Authors: Prentice AM PMID: 31991439 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Foreword.
Authors: PMID: 31991440 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Preface.
Authors: PMID: 31991441 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - January 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Nutrition Education: Application of Theory and Strategies during the First 1,000 Days for Healthy Growth.
Authors: Dattilo AM, Saavedra JM Abstract Healthy growth during the first 1,000 days, spanning from conception to age 24 months, represents a crucial period which influences the long-term physical and cognitive development of individuals. International public health recommendations and nutrition education interventions targeting early life focus on building individuals' capacities through a variety of educational strategies, accompanied by environmental support, with an ultimate goal being the voluntary adoption of food choices and other nutrition-related behaviors conducive to health and wellness of the expectant ...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Prenatal Nutrition Education: Updates and Best Practices for Optimal Diet and Weight Gain during Pregnancy.
Authors: Siega-Riz AM, Constantoulakis L Abstract Maternal nutrition plays a critical role in the course of pregnancy and in the health of the mother and child at birth and beyond. While evidence in support of following specific dietary patterns during pregnancy for an optimal outcome is weak, due to the many methodological limitations of previous studies, there are other guidelines that women should follow. These guidelines include, the healthy dietary patterns included in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and other global guidelines. Key characteristics of these patterns include higher intakes of fi...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Integrating Nutrition Education into Clinical Practice.
Authors: Delichatsios HK, Pittas AG Abstract The power of physicians to educate patients about nutrition and provide the tools and motivation needed for patients to adopt healthy eating habits is under-utilized. To unleash that power, practicing physicians need to synthesize the latest in nutrition science, integrate it with the established body of evidence on healthy nutrition, and translate and communicate this knowledge to patients in a practical and effective way. Physicians and patients face similar barriers in discussing and incorporating healthy nutrition practices. Tactics and tools that are simple, effecti...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Philippines Case Study: Government Policies on Nutrition Education.
Authors: Capanzana MV, Aguila DV Abstract Government policies at the national and local levels are central to the promotion, protection, and implementation of sound food and nutrition concepts in the Philippines. According to the 2015 national nutrition survey, persistent malnutrition problems, such as protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies (anemia, vitamin A deficiency, and iodine-deficiency disorders), continue to afflict a major proportion of Filipinos. In the Philippines, nutrition education and promotion date back as early as 1900 with the conduct of educational campaigns directed towards t...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Counterbalancing the Uncertainties of Medical Nutrition Education with Effective Online Instruction.
Authors: Kohlmeier M Abstract Practicing physicians need to recognize nutrition problems in their patients and know what to do about them. It takes at least 25-30 h of medical school instruction to achieve just basic nutrition competencies. Because most medical students get significantly less than this minimum, they are not adequately prepared to deal with common nutrition-related challenges in practice. The majority of all accredited US medical schools require 20 countries, has demonstrated that computer-based nutrition instruction is effective and efficient, particularly as an integral component of clinical train...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

The NNEdPro Global Centre for Nutrition and Health: A Consolidated Review of Global Efforts Towards Medical and Healthcare-Related Nutrition Education.
Authors: Ray S Abstract Whilst there is much focus on applying resources to generate evidence from human nutrition research, whether these involve experiment, observation or intervention, there is considerably little investment in the development and evaluation of effective approaches to apply the available knowledge base. Furthermore, when translating nutrition knowledge to the population at large, there are barriers to implementation, retention, and sustained impact, often due to largely unregulated public information on nutrition causing significant confusion and conflict. Healthcare professionals, therefore, ha...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Update on Nutrition, Metabolism, and Lifestyle Curricula for Medical Education, Research, and Practice: USA.
This article describes the educational context and steps needed to advance the field of medical nutrition, metabolism, and lifestyles in the United States. PMID: 31779010 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series)
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Culinary Medicine Basics and Applications in Medical Education in the United States.
Authors: Hauser ME Abstract Culinary medicine is an evidence-based field of medicine that combines nutrition science and culinary arts to create food that is delicious, promotes wellness, prevents and treats disease. Historically, nutrition education has been limited to fewer than 20 hours in the preclinical years of undergraduate medical education, focused on nutrients rather than food, and largely separated from the clinical experience. Programs at all levels of medical training are introducing culinary medicine educational opportunities to bridge this gap in practical nutrition knowledge and skills to better pre...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research

Reading Appetite Cues in Infancy: A Role for Nutrition Education.
Authors: Hetherington MM, McNally J Abstract Infants communicate complex aspects of appetite through a variety of behaviors. In newborn babies, mouthing and orientation towards odors from breast milk signal preference, whereas in older infants likes and dislikes are signaled via facial expressions. Infants communicate readiness to eat by sucking their hands and eliciting the hunger cry, and indicate satiation through a wide repertoire of behaviors ranging from subtle facial expressions, shifts in gaze through to changes in gesture and bodily movements including turning their head away. Filming mealtime interactions...
Source: Nestlee Nutrition Institute Workshop Series - December 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser Source Type: research