Dispositional Mindfulness Moderates the Relationship Between Family Risks and Chinese Parents ’ Mental Health
ConclusionsThese findings provide additional support for the utility of mindfulness-based interventions to protect mental health of parents confronted with numerous family risk factors, especially those with heightened parenting-related risks. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Kindergarten Teachers ’ Mindfulness in Teaching and Burnout: The Mediating Role of Emotional Labor
AbstractObjectivesKindergarten teachers often face stress and challenges which leave them vulnerable to burnout. There is growing interest in the association between mindfulness in teaching and burnout, yet little is known about the potential mediating role of emotional labor in this link. We explored the relationship between mindfulness in teaching and burnout among Chinese kindergarten teachers and investigated the dimensions of emotional labor (that is, surface acting, deep acting, and naturally felt emotions) as potential mediators of that relationship.MethodsA total of 515 kindergarten teachers (Mage = 3...
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does Meditation Training Influence Social Approach and Avoidance Goals? Evidence from a Randomized Intervention Study of Midlife Adults
ConclusionsThese results suggest loving-kindness meditation is a means by which people can beneficially influence their approach and avoidance tendencies, which likely plays an important role in enhancing their social relationships. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Role of Self-compassion, Concern for Others, and Basic Psychological Needs in the Reduction of Caregiving Burnout
ConclusionsOur study highlights compassion and self-compassion as potential resilience factors against the challenge of burnout in healthcare. It points to promising avenues for preemptive clinical interventions. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive Shifts in Emotion Evaluation Following Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) in Remitted Depressed Participants
ConclusionsThese findings support a specific role for MBCT in encouraging more positive evaluations of life situations in those with previous depression rather than influencing lower-level processing of emotions. Results should be interpreted cautiously given that this was a non-randomised, preference choice trial.Trial RegistrationNCT02226042 (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Yoga v Health Education for Attentional Processes Relevant to Major Depressive Disorder
ConclusionsResults suggest a small effect of yoga on components of mindfulness during a 10-week intervention period. Previous research suggests that continued assessment after the initial 10  weeks may reveal continued improvement. Future research may also examine moderators of the impact of yoga on mindfulness and rumination, including clinical factors such as depression severity or depression chronicity, or demographic factors such as age. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Differential Contribution of the Five Facets of Mindfulness to Well-being and Psychological Distress
ConclusionsThe present study indicates that different capacities contribute differentially to well-being and distress. These findings may be useful for enhancing effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions by tailoring practices to target well-being or psychological distress. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Age-related differences in instructed positive reappraisal and mindful attention
ConclusionThese findings provide some evidence for emotion regulation benefits in young relative to older age. However, these youthful benefits may reflect reduced initial reactivity among older adults. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Applying Generalizability Theory to Differentiate Between Trait and State in the Interpersonal Mindfulness Scale (IMS)
ConclusionsThis study supported good psychometric properties of the full IMS as a measure of a trait with the total scores generalizable across people and occasions. These findings suggest that the IMS total trait scores can be used to reliably evaluate long-term effects of interventions aiming to enhance interpersonal mindfulness. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Embracing the Intricacies of the Path Toward Mindfulness: Broadening Our Conceptualization of the Process of Cultivating Mindfulness in Day-to-Day Life by Developing the Unified Flexibility and Mindfulness Model
ConclusionsThe findings provide a conceptual framework offering researchers with an integrative, process-focused method of linking mindfulness to well-being. Underscoring the potential clinical implications, a hypothetical example is given of using the UFM scale to track clinically meaningful change for a client in therapy. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Overcoming Fear by Recollecting the Buddha: His Role in Early Buddhist Texts
AbstractThe employment of mindfulness in a traditional setting includes the practice of recollection, which can serve to counter fear. In the early discourses, the role of the Buddha as the object of such recollection is not to embody some kind of cosmic principle, as has recently been suggested by Eviatar Shulman. Instead, the inspiration to be gained from recollecting the Buddha springs in particular from his having become totally free from defilements and teaching others how to do the same. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reduced Emotional Reactivity in Breast Cancer Survivors with Chronic Neuropathic Pain Following Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR): an fMRI Pilot Investigation
ConclusionsThese preliminary findings show that MBSR training has a marked impact on neural correlates of pain processing and attention, lending support to MBSR as a viable adjunctive treatment option for breast cancer survivors living with CNP. However, further research, with a larger sample size, is warranted. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness as Attention Training: Meta-Analyses on the Links Between Attention Performance and Mindfulness Interventions, Long-Term Meditation Practice, and Trait Mindfulness
ConclusionsMindfulness training as an intervention and a long-term practice is indeed associated with reliable changes in objective attention performance. The finding that this is also true for trait mindfulness suggests that mindfulness is a key mechanism. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Physical Activity and Self-Compassion: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
ConclusionThe relationship between PA and SC was significant while investigating the effect of non-mind-and-body interventions and constructing a mechanism of PA and SC can be done as future implications. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Validation of the Fears of Compassion Scale in a Chinese Cultural Context
ConclusionsThe FCS had good internal reliability, acceptable factorial validity, and satisfactory criterion-related validity in a Chinese sample. This study provides relatively strong support for the FCS as a promising instrument for use in future research and practice with Chinese populations. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Realization Is Here and Now
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - March 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Group and Common Factors in Mindfulness-Based Programmes: a Selective Review and Implications for Teachers
ConclusionsFuture research should focus on the role of expectations, alliance, the group context and group size as well as finding innovative ways to further understand MBP teacher competence. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - February 23, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Network Modeling Approach to Mindfulness Mechanisms: a Proof-of-Concept Investigation
ConclusionsFindings suggest theoretically and clinically important changes in the functional connectivity of a network of mindfulness mechanisms and related processes following a mindfulness intervention. This proof of concept study and its findings are discussed with respect to the emerging study of mindfulness mechanisms as a dynamic system or network. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - February 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of a Teacher-Delivered Mindfulness-Based Curriculum on Adolescent Social-Emotional and Executive Functioning
ConclusionsThis study provides mixed support regarding the potential effectiveness of a universal mindfulness program for high school students. The absence of direct effects on self-report measures implies that simply exposing adolescents to a mindfulness curriculum within the context of typical instruction, in the absence of supports for implementation, is unlikely to impact youth socio-emotional well-being or behavior. However, changes in EF favoring the intervention group suggest that possible benefits on tasks related to susceptibility, cognitive interference, and selective attention are possible. Tests of moderation r...
Source: Mindfulness - February 16, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Compassion Mediates Poor Sleep Quality and Mental Health Outcomes
AbstractObjectivesPoor sleep quality has been associated with suboptimal physical and mental health outcomes. Self-compassion has been shown to protect against the effects of poor sleep quality and promote positive mental health benefits. However, the attenuating role of fears of compassion on these relationships is less well known. Herein we examine the mediating role of self-compassion and fears of compassion on the relationship between poor sleep quality and mental health and wellbeing outcomes.MethodsTwo independent community and student samples within either a university setting or online research setting participated...
Source: Mindfulness - February 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Meditation, Mindfulness, and Attention: a Meta-analysis
ConclusionsThis meta-analysis suggests that attention is likely implicated in meditation, and meditation may improve some, but not all, attentional processes. Implications for understanding meditational mechanisms and moderator-related differences are discussed. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - February 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Differential Susceptibility to the Benefits of Mindful Parenting Depending on Child Dispositional Mindfulness
ConclusionsAdolescents with a poor dispositional mindfulness profile benefit the most from mindful parenting. Adolescents with an adequate mindfulness profile tend to show lower levels of aggression and depressive symptoms, regardless of whether their parents exhibit a mindful parenting style. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does Mothers ’ Self-Reported Mindful Parenting Relate to the Observed Quality of Parenting Behavior and Mother-Child Interaction?
ConclusionsThe current study provides support for the hypothesis that the IM-P total score is predictive of maternal actual attention for the child during a face-to-face interaction. When the IM-P is administered with the aim to gain understanding of different aspects of parenting behavior and the parent-child interaction, it is important not only to employ the IM-P total score but also to incorporate the individual IM-P subscales, as meaningful associations between IM-P subscales and observed parenting and parent-child interactions were found. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parenting-Focused Mindfulness Intervention Reduces Stress and Improves Parenting in Highly Stressed Mothers of Adolescents
AbstractParent stress has been associated with negative outcomes for youth and may be particularly high during adolescence. Mindfulness interventions have the potential to reduce parent stress and to improve parenting behavior and parent-child relationship quality. The present randomized controlled study examined effects of a parenting-focused mindfulness intervention, the Parenting Mindfully (PM) intervention, for highly stressed parents of adolescents. Eighty-three mothers of 12- to 17-year olds reporting high stress were randomly assigned to the PM intervention or to a minimal intervention Parent Education (PE) control ...
Source: Mindfulness - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Pilot Randomized Trial of a Mindfulness-Informed Intervention for Child Welfare-Involved Families
AbstractFamilies exposed to maltreatment have high rates of co-occurring substance misuse. Yet, few child welfare interventions concurrently address both child maltreatment and parental substance misuse and, therefore, fail to intervene around their shared precipitants. Mindfulness is one approach that shows promise in cultivating awareness and self-regulation skills, which may in turn promote healthy family functioning. This pilot study used a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the initial efficacy of a six-session mindfulness-informed intervention on proximal (parenting stress, heart rate variability, coping, and ...
Source: Mindfulness - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindful Parenting in Secondary Child Mental Health: Key Parenting Predictors of Treatment Effects
ConclusionsThe mindful parenting training successfully improved the targeted (mindful) parenting factors, which in turn predicted improvements across different child outcomes. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Joshua C. Felver and Nirbhay N. Singh: Mindfulness in the Classroom: an Evidence-Based Program to Reduce Disruptive Behaviors and Increase Academic Engagement . New Harbinger Publications, Inc., Oakland, California, 2020, 205 pp
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Space Inside, Space Outside: the Non-Locality of Mind
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Correction to: “Differential Susceptibility to the Benefits of Mindful Parenting Depending on Child Dispositional Mindfulness”
In the original published version of this article, the information on “Funding” has not been included. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - February 1, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Invitation within the Cultivation of Mindfulness
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 28, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The I-Making, Mine-Making Mind
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Refinement and Validation of the Balanced Inventory of Mindfulness-Related Skills (BIMS)
AbstractObjectivesThe goal of the current study was to refine and validate a revision of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), with the goal of retaining its useful features and mitigating those features that have been identified to be problematic.MethodsA 30-item pilot version of the Balanced Inventory of Mindfulness-related Skills (BIMS) was developed by implementing the structured alternative item format (presenting both positive and negative aspects of each item) and revising the wording of items. Herein, we collected data from a convenience sample ofn = 1014 individuals, reduced ton =&t...
Source: Mindfulness - January 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire in Moderate-to-Severe, Persistent Depression
ConclusionsIn a sample of severely depressed individuals, psychometric investigation of the validity of the FFMQ highlighted contradictory findings relating to “Nonjudge”. Whilst such findings potentially challenge the validity of the FFMQ for use in its current structure in this sample, further investigation with a larger population is warranted.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01047124) and the ISRCTN registry (ISRCTN10963342) (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 18, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Challenge of a Life ’s Time—And a Lifetime
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Who Benefits Most from a Brief Mindfulness Intervention to Reduce Anxiety During Stereotactic Breast Biopsy: the Moderating Effect of Trait Mindfulness, Spiritual Well-being, and Distress Tolerance
This study examined trait mindfulness, spiritual well-being, and distress tolerance as moderators of the effect of a brief mindfulness intervention on anxiety reported during stereotactic breast biopsy (SBB).MethodsThis is a secondary analysis of an RCT examining guided meditation (GM;n = 30), focused breathing (FB;n = 30), or standard care (SC;n = 16) on anxiety for women undergoing SBB. Women in GM and FB were guided through their respective interventions for 10 min before and during biopsy. Anxiety (0–10 visual analogue scale), trait mindfulness (FFMQ), spiritual well-being...
Source: Mindfulness - January 13, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-Distancing and Avoidance Mediate the Links Between Trait Mindfulness and Responses to Emotional Challenges
ConclusionsAffective benefits of trait mindfulness under stress are associated with both the degree and the nature of emotional engagement. Specifically, reduced avoidance and self-distanced engagement may facilitate reflection on negative experiences that is less affectively aversive. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Understanding and Practicing Emptiness
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Feasibility Study of a One-to-One Mindfulness-Based Intervention for Improving Mood in Stroke Survivors
ConclusionsMBI training delivered individually over six weekly sessions was acceptable to stroke survivors with 14/15 participants reporting improved mood. Three participants reported feeling emotionally challenged by some of the practices and we recommend MBIs for stroke survivors be provided by practitioners experienced in mindfulness, working with stroke, and trauma-informed therapy. It is important now to conduct rigorous randomized controlled trials to test the effectiveness and efficacy of MBIs for stroke survivors. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dispositional Mindfulness, Gratitude and Self-Compassion: Factors Affecting Tinnitus Distress
ConclusionsDispositional mindfulness, gratitude and self-compassion are associated with the experience of distress in people with tinnitus. Future research should continue to explore the contribution of these qualities in developing a cognitive style that helps protect against distress, and whether interventions that enhance these qualities lead to better clinical outcomes. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a Mindfulness-Based Programme on Perceived Stress, Psychopathological Symptomatology and Burnout in Medical Students
ConclusionsThe mindfulness-based programme that was used resulted in an improvement in psychopathological symptomatology and stress, with no effect observed on BO score. This study can contribute to the design of a training programme to promote effective self-care and stress management strategies for both medical students and doctors. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-Compassion and Coping: a Meta-Analysis
ConclusionsSelf-compassion is important for understanding the mechanisms involved in coping with stress and demanding life events. The size and direction of correlations depend on the coping strategies considered, with protective effects of self-compassion with respect to maladaptive coping being the most pronounced. Further research should examine the relation between self-compassion and coping in more detail and focus on additional moderators.Trial RegistrationThe registration identifier is CRD42018104926. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

From Mindfulness to Personal Recovery: the Mediating Roles of Self-Warmth, Psychological Flexibility, and Valued Living
ConclusionsThese findings suggested that mindfulness may be a vital ingredient in promoting personal recovery and that it exerts effects on personal recovery through these specific recovery-conducive qualities among people with mental illness. Implications of this model of mindfulness were discussed. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindful Parenting: Perspectives on the Heart of the Matter
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 8, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Usage Patterns of the Calm Meditation App Among People with Cardiovascular Disease
AbstractObjectivesCardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and is highly comorbid with emotional disorders. Mindfulness meditation can improve health outcomes in people with CVD. Calm is the most popular smartphone meditation app, but the usage patterns among people with CVD have not been explored.MethodsWe conducted a secondary analysis of a cross-sectional survey study amongN = 1512 Calm subscribers with CVD to explore user characteristics, usage patterns, and health changes, and compare the results among those with and without co-occurring anxiety or depression.ResultsUsers were primarily whi...
Source: Mindfulness - January 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-Compassion and Current Close Interpersonal Relationships: a Scoping Literature Review
ConclusionsSelf-compassion is associated with a wide variety of close interpersonal relationship benefits. These associations may be complex and bidirectional, such that positive social relationships promote self-compassion, while self-compassion promotes relational and emotional well-being. For a deeper understanding of these nuances and to establish causality, future research should include heterogeneous samples, longitudinal designs, and observational and multi-informant methodologies, and consider attachment style and personality trait covariates. The potential implications for interventional research are discussed. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 7, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Advancing Mindful Parenting Research: an Introduction
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Preliminary Investigation on the Effectiveness of Compassionate Mind Training for Students with Major Depressive Disorder: a Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsResults suggest that even a brief (4-week) compassionate mind training could be implemented as an effective intervention for students with major depressive disorder. Further research including a bigger and gender-balanced sample is warranted. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 6, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Using a False Memory Paradigm to Understand the Cognitive Effects of Meditation
ConclusionsDespite following a similar procedure, we failed to replicate findings of previous research. Potential explanations for this discrepancy are discussed, including adoption of a conservative response strategy and possible mood influence of the presented list items. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Mindfulness-Based Interventions in Low-Income Schools
ConclusionsAlthough diverse interventions were delivered across studies, these results suggest that school-based mindfulness interventions may have potential for increasing access to intervention for low-income youth. Strengths and limitations of the literature are reviewed, and future directions are discussed. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - January 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Child and Adolescent Aggression: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
AbstractObjectivesAggression is a substantial behavioral problem in children and adolescents. There has been an increasing amount of research investigating the effectiveness of mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) in reducing levels of aggression. The purpose of this review was to examine how effective mindfulness is in curbing aggressive behaviors in children and adolescents.MethodsStudies were identified through searching four electronic databases (PsycINFO, CINAHL, MEDLINE, and Web of Science) with combinations of three groups of keywords supplemented with a manual search. Two independent researchers screened the search...
Source: Mindfulness - January 5, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research