Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Social-Emotional Learning Program CARE for Teachers Within Croatian Context
ConclusionsThe introduction of the mindfulness-based intervention to a group of educators in Croatia had positive impacts on several indicators of their well-being and cardiovascular health. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Trait Mindfulness Moderates Reactivity to Social Stress in an All-Male Sample
In this study, we examined whether individual differences in trait mindfulness predict psychological and physiological responses to a laboratory stress induction.MethodsTrait mindfulness and stress reactivity were assessed using salivary cortisol and a subjective stress scale in a sample of young healthy males (N = 40) who underwent the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST).ResultsHigher trait mindfulness was associated with lower subjective stress (r = − 0.41,p = 0.009) and cortisol stress reactivity (r = − 0.38,p = 0.017). In partic...
Source: Mindfulness - July 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Review of Mindfulness-Based Apps for Children
ConclusionsDespite the general “acceptable” level of quality, most apps failed to achieve a score of good (≥ 4.0) in all MARS dimensions. Overall, it seems that there is room for improvement in what concerns the mindfulness-based apps freely available for children. Moreover, empirical evidence on their effectiveness is clea rly warranted. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Association Between Mindfulness Facets and Body Checking in Individuals with High and Low Eating Disorder Pathology
ConclusionsAll mindfulness facets, except describing, show potential as processes that can be altered to reduce body checking, particularly for individuals higher in ED psychopathology. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Validation of the German Version of the Southampton Mindfulness Questionnaire (SMQ)
ConclusionsResults provide first evidence for the utility of the German version of the SMQ for clinical practice and research in healthy individuals, meditators, and clinical groups. Further research is needed to examine the underlying construct of mindfulness. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Suspension of Distraction
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Meta-analysis of Technology-Enabled Mindfulness-Based Programs for Negative Affect and Mindful Awareness
AbstractObjectiveExisting meta-analyses of mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) suggest inconsistent effects, and few focus on technology-enabled MBPs. Technology-enabled MBPs are programs delivered via the Internet in web apps, which are accessed through Internet browsers, or native apps, which are applications installed directly on smart mobile devices. This meta-analysis provides an updated synthesis of technology-enabled MBPs ’ effects on negative affect and mindfulness and discusses the role of moderators in these effects.MethodsA search was conducted through August 2019 of databases PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, PsychINFO...
Source: Mindfulness - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Longitudinal Bidirectional Associations Between Dispositional Mindfulness, Maladaptive Schemas, and Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents
ConclusionsThese findings support the use of transactional models and the inclusion of bidirectional relationships in explanatory models of psychopathology. Furthermore, depressive symptoms and cognitive vulnerabilities can worsen mindfulness facets in adolescents. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Programs for People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: a Mixed Methods Systematic Review
ConclusionsThe limited published studies to date have not demonstrated the efficacy of  mindfulness-based programs in COPD. Further methodologically sound studies with bigger sample sizes and with consistent outcome measures are needed to verify their effectiveness. Due to the fluctuations in symptoms of the disease, and patients’ difficulties in leaving the house, home-based, web- delivered, and shorter protocols could be further tested as they could facilitate the adherence of people with COPD to mindfulness practice. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Commentary on Muris and Otgaar (2020): Let the Empirical Evidence Speak on the Self-Compassion Scale
AbstractThis commentary addresses Muris and Otgaar ’s (2020) paper titled “The Process of Science: A Critical Evaluation of More than 15 Years of Research on Self-Compassion with the Self-Compassion Scale.” The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) is a multidimensional scale measuring self-compassion that includes subscales representing increased compassionate self-responding (CS)—self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness—and reduced uncompassionate self-responding (UCS)—self-judgment, isolation, and overidentification. Muris and Otgaar have proposed that a total SCS score should not be use...
Source: Mindfulness - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Addiction
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Recollecting the Body and Working with Pain
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Introspective Interest and Insight in the Context of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction: a Randomized Trial
ConclusionsIncrease in introspective insight may form a potentially important mechanism of the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions, and possibly also other psychological interventions. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Caregivers of Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Psychosocial Factors and Evidence for Self-compassion as a Potential Intervention Target
ConclusionsThe current findings revealed shame, pride, guilt and self-compassion were associated with caregiver psychological distress. Self-compassion and shame were identified as unique contributors to caregiver psychological distress. Future longitudinal research is required to establish if these associations may be casual, which will provide a useful starting point for further investigation into the efficacy of interventions that target self-compassion for promoting better psychological outcomes in this population. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 11, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindful Attention and Eating Expectancies among College Students with Obesity and a History of Trauma Exposure
AbstractObjectivesTrauma exposure and obesity are highly prevalent among college students and both are associated with disordered eating. There is a need to understand psychological factors that may be related to maladaptive eating behavior among college students with obesity and a history of trauma exposure.MethodsParticipants included 139 college students with obesity (defined as a BMI ≥ 30) and a history of trauma exposure (76.3% females;Mage = 25.4 years, SD = 8.07). The current study conducted three separate two-step hierarchical regressions examining mindful attention and its relation to eating expectancies (expec...
Source: Mindfulness - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Insecure Striving, Self-Criticism, and Depression: the Prospective Moderating Role of Fear of Compassion from Others
ConclusionsThese findings may have important implications for how we understand and treat depression. They suggest that targeting both an individual ’s fear of, and ability to effectively communicate needs for, compassion from others may be important in reducing depressive symptoms, particularly in individuals who are high in self-criticism and insecure striving beliefs. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Exploring Cancer Patients ’ Experiences of an Online Mindfulness-Based Program: A Qualitative Investigation
ConclusionsAn online group-based MBP may offer a more accessible resource and form of psychosocial intervention and support for cancer survivors living with CNP. Furthermore, the need and consideration for implementing ongoing group maintenance sessions to minimize participants ’ feelings of disconnect and abandonment post-course and post-study are warranted in future MBP development. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Caregiver Burden and Depression Among Chinese Family Caregivers: the Role of Self-compassion
ConclusionsThis correlational study, which found an association between caregiving burden and depression, provides the basis for a longitudinal study that examines whether there is a causal relationship between caregiving burden and depression among Chinese caregivers of individuals with cancer. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness Meditators Show Enhanced Accuracy and Different Neural Activity During Working Memory
ConclusionsResults suggest that increased WM performance in mindfulness meditators might not result from higher amplitudes of typical WM activity, but instead from an alternative pattern of brain region engagement during WM decision making, allowing more accurate responses with less neural activation (perhaps reflecting increased neural efficiency). (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-compassion in Relation to Alexithymia, Empathy, and Negative Mood in Young Adults
ConclusionsFurther research is needed on alexithymia as a risk factor in young adults and the potential role of self-compassion in mitigating such risk. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Randye J. Semple and Christopher Willard: The Mindfulness Matters Program for Children and Adolescents: Strategies, Activities, and Techniques for Therapists and Teachers, Guilford Press, New York, NY, 2019, 262 pp
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Correction to: The Myth of McMindfulness
The article “The Myth of McMindfulness,” written by Bhikkhu Anālayo, was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal on 10 December 2019 without open access. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are Contemplative Capacities Created Equal?: Examining Demographic Differences in Adolescents ’ Contemplative Capacity and Differences in Psychological Well-being
ConclusionsVariations exist among adolescents ’ contemplative abilities and such differences are associated with demographic factors and psychological well-being. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Different Ways of Knowing Make Us Wiser
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Taming Power of the Small
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Hidden Dimensions Unfurled
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of the Interpersonal Mindfulness Scale Using Rasch Analysis
ConclusionsThese findings support robust psychometric properties, reliability, and internal validity of the IMS. Transformation of the ordinal IMS responses into interval-level data using Rasch conversion tables published here enhances the accuracy of measurement and suitability of data for parametric statistical tests without violating their fundamental assumptions. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mantram Repetition: a Portable Practice for Being Mindful
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Online Mindfulness Stress Intervention for Family Carers of Children and Adults with Intellectual Disabilities: Feasibility Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsIt is feasible to deliver online mindfulness with additional telephone-guided support to family carers of people with ID, and this may lead to small benefits over receiving online mindfulness alone. A definitive RCT can be planned to examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of this intervention. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Confronting Racism with Mindfulness
AbstractRacial oppression is a longstanding and widespread problem with significant repercussions and consequences for the health of those impacted. The roots of racial prejudice reach far back into the history of European culture. A contribution to the much-needed change can be found in the cultivation of mindfulness, in particular in its external dimension. This emerges from considering the background provided by the early Buddhist dismissal of caste prerogatives in the ancient Indian setting, granting priority to ethical conduct over birth. Besides opening up a new dimension for mindfulness-related research, which has s...
Source: Mindfulness - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Keeping Things in Perspective
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parenting Self-compassion: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
ConclusionsParenting interventions that include self-compassion components appear to improve parental self-compassion, depression, anxiety, stress and mindfulness. Further research is needed to clarify these gains and to identify the mechanisms by which this benefit occurs, both for parents and their children. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Impacts of a Mindfulness-Based Program on Teachers ’ Forgiveness
ConclusionsSignificant and sustained improvements in MBEB teachers ’ forgiveness skills indicate that teachers, who are actively engaged in a high-stress profession, can benefit from a mindfulness-based program aimed at cultivating prosocial qualities such as forgiveness. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

From Teachers ’ Mindfulness to Students’ Thriving: the Mindful Self in School Relationships (MSSR) Model
ConclusionsThe MSSR model can provide testable predictions about the mediating role of decreased self-centeredness (and the neural/cognitive activity associated with it) and enable a coherent understanding of psychological and interpersonal mechanisms underlying the effects of teachers ’ mindfulness, from a systemic perspective. As such, it can be a helpful framework for understanding mindfulness effects in schools and delineate a relevant research agenda, potentially applicable for other organizations. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Role of Nonattachment in the Development of Adolescent Mental Health: a Three-Year Longitudinal Study
AbstractObjectivesNonattachment involves a flexible way of relating to ideas without clinging to them and is hypothesized to be beneficial to mental health. However, no longitudinal research has examined this hypothesis. We conducted a three-wave longitudinal study to examine the extent that nonattachment was an antecedent to improvements in mental health.MethodA large sample of students (males = 1162; females = 1186) from 16 high schools completed the Nonattachment Scale (NAS-7) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) over 3 years in Grades 10, 11, and 12.ResultsNonattachment predicted approximately 4.5% of the varianc...
Source: Mindfulness - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

On the Doorstep: Karma Meets Dharma —a Quantum Leap for Homo sapiens sapiens
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Qualities Pertinent to Awakening: Bringing Mindfulness Home
AbstractThe thirty-seven qualities pertinent to awakening set the soteriological context for the deployment of mindfulness as described in early Buddhist texts. A comparative study of relevant early discourse passages, extant in different reciter traditions, points to the importance of this set of qualities and their practical relevance, which can be explored in particular with insight meditation related to the six senses. The different facets of early Buddhist meditation theory that emerge in this way converge on the overarching importance of the formal cultivation of mindfulness for progress to liberation. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reflections on the Nature of Nature and Where We Fit In
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-compassion and Body Checking Among Women: the Mediating Role of Stigmatizing Self-perceptions
ConclusionsThe findings support self-stigma as a psychological bridge that links being self-compassionate to body checking behavior. Low self-compassion and fear of self-compassion may allow stigmatizing self-perceptions to take root and drive more body checking behavior. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Not Only the Forest and Trees but Also the Ground They Are Rooted in: Identifying Profiles of Self-Compassion from the Perspective of Dialecticism
ConclusionsFindings suggest that Easterners have various emotion regulation patterns for coping with unpleasant experiences. In future interventions, practitioners could select the appropriate aspects of self-compassion for improvement with consideration of the clients ’ self-compassion profile. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness and Empathy Among Counseling and Psychotherapy Professionals: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
ConclusionsThere is a positive association between mindfulness and some aspects of empathy. However, mindfulness-based training did not significantly alter levels of empathy. Other methods of increasing empathy in counselors and psychotherapists should be explored. Furthermore, caution should be exercised when generalizing results from studies involving other healthcare professionals and the general population to counselors and psychotherapists. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Effect of Mindfulness on Cognitive Reflection and Reasoning
ConclusionsTrait mindfulness and trait rationality are moderately associated, although more research is required to determine whether mindfulness training can increase cognitive reflection and reasoning. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Christina Feldman and Willem Kuyken: Mindfulness: Ancient Wisdom Meets Modern Psychology
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Subjective changes in mind-body attunement associated with transdiagnostic group –based compassion-focused therapy
ConclusionsResults suggest that CFT may be helpful for individuals whose psychological distress is at least partly associated with disruption in mind-body attunement. A model outlining the relationship between compassion, mind-body attunement, and positive life outcomes is proposed. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Related Variables and Sexual/Relationship Satisfaction in People with Physical Disabilities
AbstractObjectivesResearch has shown the role of mindfulness and self-compassion in promoting resilience while living with a disabling condition. However, little is known on the influence of these variables on sexual and relationship satisfaction of people with physical disabilities. This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the contribution of mindfulness, self-compassion, and acceptance in predicting sexual and relationship satisfaction, above and beyond experiencing physical disability.MethodsA sample of 377 participants, aged between 18 and 55 years old, took part in a survey. Of these, 189 participants had a self-re...
Source: Mindfulness - June 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Susan M. Pollak : Self-Compassion for Parents: Nurture Your Child by Caring for Yourself
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindful Parenting Interventions for the Postpartum Period: Acceptance and Preferences of Mothers with and Without Depressive Symptoms
ConclusionsOur findings support postpartum mothers ’ acceptability of mindful parenting interventions and provide important insights concerning specific features to consider and content to include in those interventions. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Moments of Silence
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Wag the Dog
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Root Causes of COVID-19 Screech for Compassion
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - June 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research