The Psychometric Properties of the Portuguese Version of the State Mindfulness Scale
ConclusionsOverall, the Portuguese version of the scale has acceptable psychometric qualities and can be used to measure mindfulness states, regardless of previous mindfulness practice. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - October 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Christian U. Kr ägeloh, Marcus A. Henning, Oleg N. Medvedev, Xuan Joanna Feng, Fiona Moir, Rex Billington and Richard J. Siegert: Mindfulness-based Intervention Research: Characteristics, Approaches, and Developments . Routledge, New York, NY, 2019
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - October 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining the Link Between Mindfulness and Temporal Perspective
AbstractObjectivesDespite mindfulness being defined as a present-focused awareness of one ’s moment-to-moment experiences, there has been little research investigating its relation to temporal perspective in terms of individual’s thoughts and feelings concerning their past, present, and future lives.MethodsThe current study employed an online sample of 305 American adults (M age  = 30.61,SD = 3.42; 55% female) to examine a five-factor model of mindfulness in relation to multiple components of temporal perspective: evaluation, focus, distance, overlap, and value of one’s recolle...
Source: Mindfulness - October 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Evaluating the Factor Structure of Each Facet of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire
ConclusionsNone of the FFMQ facets fit a unidimensional factor model; yet, follow-up analyses suggested that each can be considered substantively unidimensional. Initial tests suggest that the facets ’ multidimensionality did not materially impact their relation to other psychological constructs, suggesting that multidimensionality can be ignored for some purposes. The use of short-form facets or latent variable models (e.g., bifactor specifications) are both viable solutions for addressing mu ltidimensionality when desired. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - October 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Correction to: The Effect of Brief Mindfulness Training on Brain Reactivity to Food Cues During Nicotine Withdrawal: A Pilot Functional Imaging Study
The original publication is missing the following funding statement. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - October 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Impact of Mindfulness Martial Arts Training on Neural and Behavioral Indices of Attention in Youth with Learning Disabilities and Co-occurring Mental Health Challenges
ConclusionsMindfulness-based martial arts training appears to significantly impact some, but not all, indices of attentional control. Further research using a randomized control trial design with an exercise-only control is warranted. Recommendations for future research design are discussed. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindful Awareness or Self-Regulation in Eating: an Investigation into the Underlying Dimensions of Mindful Eating
AbstractObjectivesMindful eating has been suggested to contribute a healthier relationship to food. However, its conceptualization and operationalization need further investigation. Our aim was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Hungarian version of the Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ).MethodsA cross-sectional survey study including a sample of Hungarian university students (N = 323) was conducted to unveil the construct validity of the MEQ.ResultsThe results of the confirmatory factor analysis revealed an inadequate fit to the original model. Applying exploratory factor analysis (EFA) confirmed...
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of Brief Mindfulness-Based Interventions on Health-Related Outcomes: a Systematic Review
ConclusionsDespite heterogeneity of outcomes across studies, there is evidence that brief MBIs can impact numerous health-related outcomes, after only one session and with interventions as brief as 5  min. These interventions have the potential to be the initial steps leading to sustainable and positive health outcomes. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Becoming Mindful of Measurement: an Experimental-Experiential Analogue Study of State Mindfulness Measures
ConclusionsWhen taught TI mindfulness meditation material, participants were more likely to respond with TI information even though state mindfulness measures after practice did not differ from the TC condition. Results and limitations are discussed, along with suggestions for future research directions and practice implications. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Longitudinal Effects of a 2-Year Meditation and Buddhism Program on Well-Being, Quality of Life, and Valued Living
ConclusionsAlthough preliminary, results suggest that participation in a long-term integrated mindfulness/meditation and Buddhism program may positively impact mindfulness and general well-being. Frequency of meditation sessions appears to be a particularly important variable. These findings warrant further investigation of such programs and practice parameters, as well as how each may affect key outcomes. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness and Caring in Professional Practice: an Interdisciplinary Review of Qualitative Research
ConclusionsResults highlight the unique ways caring professionals make sense of and apply mindfulness to their work, with particular attention to the interplay of intrapersonal and interpersonal dimensions of the caring process. Results suggest that mindfulness cultivates certain skills that are especially relevant to the occupational demands of caring professionals. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Insight Knowledge of Fear and Adverse Effects of Mindfulness Practices
AbstractThe insight knowledges, descriptive of meditative experiences in Therav ādavipassan ā meditation, are the outcome of a historical development and are specific to this Buddhist tradition; the challenging experiences they describe are not representative of conceptions of the path to awakening in early Buddhism and are of no direct relevance to mindfulness-based interventions. Adverse effects of meditation are recognized in early Buddhism, where the response to a drastic case of mental imbalance leading to suicidal tendencies takes the form of recommending the cultivation of mindfulness. In fact, adverse effects can...
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of a Short Online Mindfulness Intervention on Relationship Satisfaction and Partner Acceptance: the Moderating Role of Trait Mindfulness
ConclusionsShort, online, self-administered mindfulness-based interventions may positively impact romantic relationship quality and might be particularly effective for participants with low levels of trait mindfulness. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Baseline Craving Strength as a Prognostic Marker of Benefit from Smartphone App-Based Mindfulness Training for Smoking Cessation
ConclusionsFindings suggest that baseline craving strength may be a prognostic marker of benefit from smartphone app-delivered mindfulness training for smoking cessation. Future work is warranted for understanding baseline craving as a moderator of mindfulness training for smoking cessation. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Daniel J. Siegel: Aware: The Science and Practice of Presence . TarcherPerigee, New York, 2018, 379 pp
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Compassion in the Treatment for Chronic Pain: an Ethical Imperative with Neurobiological Effects
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of a Mindfulness-Based Program for Teachers on Teacher Wellbeing and Person-Centered Teaching Practices
ConclusionsThe findings provide some evidence as to how learning to be mindful and self-compassionate at school can contribute to changes in teacher wellbeing and person-centered teaching practices. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Randomized Trial of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy with Psoriasis Patients
ConclusionsThe results suggest that MBCT may be a useful adjunct therapy for those suffering from psoriasis and the associated psychological symptoms relating to the condition. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Utilization and Perceived Effectiveness of Mindfulness Meditation in Veterans: Results from a National Survey
This study involved secondary data analysis of a national survey to evaluate utilization and perceived effectiveness of mindfulness relative to other CIH approaches among military veterans. Military veterans (n = 1230) enrolled in VHA reported CIH utilization rates, reasons for use, perceived effectiveness, treatment barriers, and demographics.ResultsApproximately 18% of veterans reported using mindfulness meditation in the past year, exceeding the proportion using all other CIH approaches (p 
Source: Mindfulness - September 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Mindfulness-Based Weight Loss Intervention on Cardiovascular Reactivity to Social-Evaluative Threat Among Adults with Obesity
ConclusionsMindfulness training may increase the ability to maintain a positive outlook and mount adaptive cardiovascular responses to repeated stressors among persons with obesity though findings need to be replicated in other populations and using other forms of mindfulness interventions. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

You Crazy!
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness Training and Attentional Control in Older Adults: a Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsWe found partial evidence that brief mindfulness training improves mind-wandering, but not attentional control in older adults. Our study provides preliminary support for working memory as an important moderator of short-duration mindfulness training; however, given the exploratory nature of these effects, replication is warranted. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Adopting Mindfulness Practice and Reperceiving: a Qualitative Investigation of CARE for Teachers
ConclusionsAdoption of mindfulness practice may impact teachers ’ capacity to reperceive through emotional awareness and self-regulation, but additional research is required to examine the role of compassion. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

You Make, You Have
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sitting on the Bench
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Phase Changes
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness Training, Implicit Bias, and Force Response Decision-Making
ConclusionsOur results do not provide evidence for the impact of MBRT on weapon identification but do suggest that LEOs exerted more effort when responding to images of Black males compared to White males. We discuss recommendations for future clinical trials assessing implicit stereotype reliance, viz., that researchers utilize measures more sensitive to a wider range of LEO samples and with higher ecological validity, and we discuss potential reasons why our results do not align with past research. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-Compassion and Suicide Risk in Veterans: When the Going Gets Tough, Do the Tough Benefit More from Self-Compassion?
ConclusionsOur findings highlight an emergent protective process that may prevent suicide in times of distress. Therapeutically bolstering the ability for self-compassion may provide a proactive coping strategy that can be brought to bear in times of crisis, reducing suicide risk for veterans. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of an 8-Week Body Scan Intervention on Individually Perceived Psychological Stress and Related Steroid Hormones in Hair
ConclusionsOverall, data suggest positive effects of an 8-week body scan, especially for biological stress markers. Investigating the effects of this intervention in populations with a high risk for increased levels of stress (e.g., unemployment) would be particularly interesting. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cultural Adaptations of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Hispanic Populations
ConclusionsFindings from this study suggest there is clear evidence that cultural adaptations can improve evidence-based treatment implementation among Hispanics, but more methodologically rigorous studies are needed. Recommendations for clinical practice and future research are discussed. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - September 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Task for Mindfulness: Facing Climate Change
This article presents a Buddhist perspective on the challenge posed by climate change, with particular emphasis on the role of mindfulness. Based on translated excerpts from parallel versions of early Buddhist texts extant in P āli, Sanskrit, Chinese, and Tibetan, three possible reactions to climate change are correlated to three root defilements recognized in early Buddhist psychology: greed, anger, and delusion. Their recognition requires mindful monitoring, which is in turn based on the compassionate intention for the absence of any harm. The noble eightfold path sets the context for the collaboration of such compassio...
Source: Mindfulness - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Insurance-Reimbursable Mindfulness for Safety-Net Primary Care Patients: a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsMTPC was successfully integrated into a health system, was billed to insurance, and was acceptable to a diverse primary care population. Replication with a larger study and further accessibility adaptations are needed to confirm and expand these pilot results.Clinical Trials Registration Number: NCT02972203 (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Unshakeable Well-Being: Is the Buddhist Concept of Enlightenment a Meaningful Possibility in the Current Age
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Program for Autism Spectrum Disorder: a Qualitative Study of the Experiences of Children and Parents
ConclusionThe findings deepen our understanding of how multiple change processes are involved in the MYmind program for children with ASD and their parents. Theoretical and research implications are discussed. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Negative Mood Reduces Negative False Memories After a Brief Mindfulness Exercise
ConclusionsMindfulness mediation reduced false memory only when a negative mood and negative lures were present. We discuss the results in terms of the source monitoring framework as well as encoding and retrieval processes. Further work is needed to clarify the specific instances when mindfulness impacts the occurrence of false memory. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cross-Fertilizing Qualitative Perspectives on Effects of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention:  An Empirical Comparison of Four Methodical Approaches
ConclusionsA pluralistic qualitative research assists in identifying blind spots and limitations of a single method, increases the self-reflexivity, and helps to arrive at a more comprehensive understanding of mindfulness practice or other processes of covert lived experience. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-Compassion: a Protective Factor for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
ConclusionsSelf-compassion was found to predict psychological well-being, lower distress, and lower parenting stress. If self-compassion is found to be causally related to these outcomes, interventions aimed at cultivating self-compassion and decreasing affiliate stigma may have benefits for parents of children with ASD. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Development and Validation of an Age-Appropriate Self-Compassionate Reactions Scale for Children (SCRS-C)
ConclusionsThe SCRS-C shows promise as a reliable and valid scale of self-compassion suited for children aged 9 –12 for both boys and girls. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Pre-sleep Cognitive Arousal Decreases Following a 4-Week Introductory Mindfulness Course
ConclusionsOverall, our data demonstrate that some of the benefits to sleep commonly seen over 8  weeks of mindfulness practice can also be observed over a shorter intervention period, and add to the growing body of evidence that mindfulness can help those with poor sleep quality. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Food-Related Parenting Context: Associations with Parent Mindfulness and Children ’s Temperament
ConclusionsParents ’ mindfulness and children’s negative affectivity and effortful control, which we argued reflect reactivity and regulation, were uniquely associated with parents’ food-related supportiveness, structure, coerciveness, or chaos. Future research should examine bidirectional pathways to better iso late the direction of effects and pinpoint potential intervention targets. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Eating Disorder Treatment: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Programs
ConclusionsResults indicated some positive correlations between MBPs and outcomes but a definitive conclusion cannot be drawn since these results are on within-condition effects and that half of the included studies did not have a control condition. Results identified moderators that may be useful to refine inclusion and exclusion criteria to target those most likely to benefit from MBPs. The field needs more rigorous studies with credible alternative interventions to confirm the efficacy of MBPs for ED patients. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Associations Between Mindfulness, PTSD, and Depression in Combat Deployed Post-9/11 Military Veterans
We examined main, direct, and indirect effects for mindfulness and combat experiences on veterans ’ PTSD and depressive symptoms and investigated the explanatory value of mindfulness on outcome variance in these models.MethodsA total of 485 post-9/11 era military veterans with previous combat deployments residing in four major US cities completed online surveys asking about their combat experiences, mindfulness, and mental health. Two multivariable ordinary least squares regression models were specified to investigate main effects of mindfulness and combat experiences on veterans ’ PTSD and depressive symptoms....
Source: Mindfulness - August 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Relationships of Dispositional Mindfulness with Sexual Prejudice and Internalized Sexual Stigma Among Heterosexual and Gay/Bisexual Men
ConclusionsHaving a mindful nonjudging attitude toward one ’s inner experience would associate to less internalized sexual stigma in gay and bisexual men, whereas having a mindful observing disposition would help heterosexual men to have less sexual prejudice against gay men. Limitations and future directions are discussed. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Compassion: Embodied and Embedded
ConclusionsThe new notion of compassion has important implications in conceptualizing and measuring compassion and in devising and validating new compassion-based interventions. Therefore, this notion should be taken in consideration in conducting future research on compassion. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Role of Mindful Parenting, Affiliate Stigma, and Parents ’ Well-being in the Behavioral Adjustment of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Testing Parenting Stress as a Mediator
ConclusionsThese findings inform applied intervention efforts to promote parents ’ mindful parenting and mental well-being as resources that generate multiple outcomes in children with ASD. Relatedly, the present research suggests the importance of combating stigma in reducing parents’ stress and children’s behavioral difficulties. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Why Are Researchers Not Interested in Studying Individual Mindfulness-Based Interventions?
(Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Role of Mindfulness in the Cultivation of Absorption
This article explores the role performed by mindfulness in the cultivation of states of meditative absorption. Although this dimension of mindfulness is probably of less relevance to its employment in current Mindfulness-Based Interventions, it is perhaps still of interest to explore the operation of mindfulness in such contexts in order to better appreciate the multifunctionality of mindfulness in its original Buddhist setting. Such exploration points in particular to a monitoring role of mindfulness that is of continuous relevance, from overcoming obstacles all the way through the different levels of absorptions, all of ...
Source: Mindfulness - August 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Mediating Role of Shared Flow and Perceived Emotional Synchrony on Compassion for Others in a Mindful-Dancing Program
ConclusionsFurther research is warranted to explore whether collective mindfulness approaches, such as mindful dancing, may be a means of enhancing compassion and subjective well-being outcomes due to the mediating role of PES and shared flow. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

For Whom Does Cognitively Based Compassion Training (CBCT) Work? An Analysis of Predictors and Moderators among African American Suicide Attempters
ConclusionsFindings reveal the relevance of mindfulness and to a lesser extent socioeconomic status in informing compassion-based intervention outcomes with this underserved population and the importance of intervention matching and tailoring to maximize treatment effects. Future large trials are needed to replicate findings and directions indicated from the current pilot study. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Unified Consciousness and the Effect of Body Scan Meditation on Happiness: Alteration of Inner-Body Experience and Feeling of Harmony as Central Processes
ConclusionsAltogether, the results support the hypothesis that BSM alters both the narrative and the minimal self and favors a transition toward a state of unified consciousness. (Source: Mindfulness)
Source: Mindfulness - July 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research