A randomized trial comparing the Tennant Biomodulator to transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and traditional Chinese acupuncture for the treatment of chronic pain in military service members
AbstractBackgroundThe present investigation tested the efficacy of the Tennant Biomodulator, a novel pain management intervention that uses biofeedback-modulated electrical stimulation, to reduce chronic pain and its psychosocial sequelae in a sample of current and former military service members. The Tennant Biomodulator used on its most basic setting was compared to two commonly used, non-pharmacological  pain treatments—traditional Chinese acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)—in a comparative efficacy, randomized, open-label trial.MethodsParticipants included 100 active dut...
Source: Military Medical Research - December 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correlation between exercise, personal income level and health-related quality of life in patients with newly diagnosed stable angina
AbstractBackgroundStable angina is one of the most common clinical types of coronary artery disease (CAD) and associated with poor health-related quality of life (HRQL). However, few studies have evaluated the risk factors associated with HRQL in patients with newly diagnosed stable angina.MethodsA cross-sectional survey was conducted with 342 consecutive outpatients with newly diagnosed stable angina from October 2017 to January 2018 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University, Chongqing, China. Eight dimensions of HRQL were evaluated via the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey, including physical functionin...
Source: Military Medical Research - November 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Surgical restoration of drop-hand syndrome with tendon transfer in patients injured in the Syrian civil war
ConclusionsIn radial nerve injuries, successful results can be achieved with tendon transfer. All patients regained thumb abduction of up to approximately 60 °. All the patients were able to bend the wrist, grip, and extend the fingers while in wrist flexion, neutral wrist and wrist extension positions. Although the reason for the radial injury varied, the postoperative outcomes were good for all patients, and the rehabilitation period progressed succes sfully in patients who underwent tendon transfer repair within 90 days of injury. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - November 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Periodontal disease and risk of benign prostate hyperplasia: a cross-sectional study
ConclusionPeriodontal disease is significantly and positively associated with an increased risk of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Further validation studies should be performed to explore the relationship between periodontal treatment and benign prostate hyperplasia. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - November 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Discovering myeloid cell heterogeneity in the lung by means of next generation sequencing
AbstractThe lung plays a vital role in maintaining homeostasis, as it is responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Pulmonary homeostasis is maintained by a network of tissue-resident cells, including epithelial cells, endothelial cells and leukocytes. Myeloid cells of the innate immune system and epithelial cells form a critical barrier in the lung. Recently developed unbiased next generation sequencing (NGS) has revealed cell heterogeneity in the lung with respect to physiology and pathology and has reshaped our knowledge. New phenotypes and distinct gene signatures have been identified, and these new fin...
Source: Military Medical Research - October 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Boron neutron capture therapy: moving towards targeted therapy for locally recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
AbstractLocally recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is often unresectable, and a repeat course of radiotherapy is associated with incremental toxicities. Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is a novel targeted radiotherapy modality that can achieve a high dose gradient between cancerous and adjacent normal tissues. However, the relationships among the dose resulting from BNCT, tumor response to BNCT, and survival are not completely understood. Recently, a study published inRadiotherapy and Oncology investigated the efficacy of BNCT in the treatment of patients with locally recurrent HNSCC and the facto...
Source: Military Medical Research - October 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Progression of intervention-focused research for Gulf War illness
AbstractThe Persian Gulf War of 1990 to 1991 involved the deployment of nearly 700,000 American troops to the Middle East. Deployment-related exposures to toxic substances such as pesticides, nerve agents, pyridostigmine bromide (PB), smoke from burning oil wells, and petrochemicals may have contributed to medical illness in as many as 250,000 of those American troops. The cluster of chronic symptoms, now referred to as Gulf War Illness (GWI), has been studied by many researchers over the past two decades. Although over $500 million has been spent on GWI research, to date, no cures or condition-specific treatments have bee...
Source: Military Medical Research - October 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A longitudinal analysis of the U.S. Air Force reserve officers ’ training corps physical fitness assessment
ConclusionThe results indicated that only the sit-up component showed differences between class ranks. These findings suggest that the Air Force PFA may not be sensitive enough to detect changes in physical fitness or distinguish between class ranks regarding physical performance, even after years of training. This limitation may be in part due to the limited duration of training incorporated by the ROTC program (2  h per week), which provided a maintenance effect rather than improvement in physical performance. We recommend that more attention be directed to the efficacy of physical training, the sensitivity of mea...
Source: Military Medical Research - September 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

High-dependency units play a key role in the treatment of a Chinese military patient who developed liver failure while abroad
AbstractHigh-dependency units (HDUs) provide high-level care to patients who suffer from single organ failure, with the exception of respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation; HDUs serve as an intermediary between general wards and Intensive Care Units. Due to military and civilian needs, our hospital has established a unique HDU for patients with liver disease in China. A Chinese military officer in the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in South Sudan was transferred to our HDU for liver failure treatment in 2018. The patient ’s disease status, nutrition, sleep habits, and psychological behaviour were mo...
Source: Military Medical Research - September 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Equine-assisted interventions for veterans with service-related health conditions: a systematic mapping review
ConclusionsScientific development of equine-assisted interventions targeting psychosocial outcomes among veterans is warranted to establish their efficacy. Targeted outcomes should be expanded, including outcomes more closely aligned with the nature of polytraumatic injuries. Future research must also emphasize the theoretical development of equine-assisted interventions for veterans and thoroughly describe the participants, components of the intervention, factors contributing to attrition, and optimal dose-response relationships. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - August 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Femoroacetabular impingement is more common in military veterans with end-stage hip osteoarthritis than civilian patients: a retrospective case control study
ConclusionThese results suggest that FAI is perhaps a more common mechanism in the progression of OA in a veteran population than in a civilian population, as pincer and mixed-type deformities were significantly more common among veterans than civilians. The forces borne by the hip during military training exceed normal physiologic conditions. In addition, the time between symptom onset and surgical correction may be 10 –12 months longer for active military personnel than for civilians. The combination of increased physical demands and a protracted time to treatment highlights the need for better recognition o...
Source: Military Medical Research - August 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Comparison of dietary intakes of Canadian Armed Forces personnel consuming field rations in acute hot, cold, and temperate conditions with standardized infantry activities
ConclusionThese results should be considered when planning the provision of field rations for CAF personnel expected to be engaged in strenuous physical activities with prolonged exposure to temperature extremes. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - August 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Publisher Correction to: Military Medical Research, volume 6
An error occurred during the publication of a number of articles inMilitary Medical Research. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - August 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Description of trauma among French service members in the Department of Defense Trauma Registry: understanding the nature of trauma and the care provided
After publication of this article [1], it was brought to our attention that the Fig.  2 is incorrect. The correct Fig. 2 is as below: (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - July 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Better therapy for combat injury
AbstractIn modern warfare, therapy for combat injury is a critical issue to improve personnel survival and battle effectiveness. Be limited to the severe circumstance in the distant battlefield, quick and effective treatment cannot be supplied that leads infections, sepsis, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and high mortality. To get a better therapy for combat injury, we summarized several reports that associated with the mechanisms of sepsis and MODS, those published on MMR recently. Chaudry and colleagues reported gender difference in the outcomes of trauma, shock and sepsis. The advantageous outcome in female ...
Source: Military Medical Research - July 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

A novel microcurrent dressing for wound healing in a rat skin defect model
This study designed a novel microcurrent dressing (MCD) and evaluated its potential effects on wound healing in a rat skin defect model.MethodsFirst, wireless ES was integrated into a medical cotton cushion to fabricate the MCD, and its electrical property was examined by using a universal power meter. Then, animal experiments were conducted to evaluate the MCD ’s effect. Forty-five rats were randomized into control (Con) group, Vaseline gauze (VG) group and MCD group. A full-thickness round skin incision 1.5 cm in diameter was made on the back of each animal. Apart from routine disinfection, the Con rats were...
Source: Military Medical Research - July 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Toward more reliable stability measurements in stance: recommendations for number of measurements, foot position and feedback -- a cross-sectional study among servicemen
AbstractBackgroundIn the military, insufficient postural stability is a risk factor for developing lower extremity injuries. Postural stability training programs are effective in preventing these injuries. However, an objective method for the measurement of postural stability in servicemen is lacking. The primary objective of this study was to assess the influence of the number of repetitions, different foot positions and real-time visual feedback on postural stability, as well as their effects on the intrasession reliability of postural stability measurements in servicemen. The secondary objective was to assess the concur...
Source: Military Medical Research - July 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Validity of a noninvasive estimation of deep body temperature when wearing personal protective equipment during exercise and recovery
ConclusionsThe findings demonstrate acceptable validity of the ECTemp up to 38.5  °C. Conducting work within an ECTemp limit of 38.4 °C, in conditions similar to the present study, would protect the majority of personnel from an excessive elevation in deep body temperature (>  39.0 °C). (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - June 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Using the Haddon matrix to explore medical response strategies for terrorist subway bombings
ConclusionSince subway bombings are long-term threats, it is necessary to have proper medical response preparation. Based on the Haddon matrix, we explored the medical response strategies for terrorist subway bombings, especially dirty bomb attacks. Haddon matrix can help policymakers systematically find the most important factors, which makes the preparations of the response more efficient. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - June 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Water balloon-induced orbital fracture in an aviator
ConclusionsWater balloons are thought to be safe and harmless toys. However, when coupled with slingshots, water balloons can become formidable projectiles capable of significant orbital injury including orbital fractures. These injuries are concerning to aviators, as the most common sites for fractures of the orbit are the thin ethmoid and maxillary bones adjacent to the sinuses. At altitude, gases in the sinuses may expand and enter the orbit through these fractures, which may suddenly incapacitate the flyer. It is important for flight surgeons to identify and assess these individuals to determine suitability for flying....
Source: Military Medical Research - June 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Contemporary approaches to visual prostheses
AbstractVisual prostheses serve to restore visual function following acquired blindness. Acquired blindness (as opposed to congenital blindness) has many causes, including diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa, glaucoma, and macular degeneration, or trauma such as caused by automobile accident or blast damage from explosions. Many of the blindness-causing diseases target the retina or other ocular structure. Often, despite the loss of sensitivity to light, the remainder of the visual pathway is still functional, enabling electrical devices to deliver effective and meaningful visual information to the brain via arrays of el...
Source: Military Medical Research - June 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ocular ultrasound evaluation of optic nerve sheath diameter in military environments
AbstractIn this letter to the Editor, we would like to comment on the article by Betcher et al., concerning the possibility of teaching military trainees to obtain accurate optic nerve sheath diameter measurements, using a brief didactic and a hands-on training session. In particular, this letter notes the importance of the measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter in detecting the eventual elevated intracranial pressure following traumatic brain injury, highlights several limitations in the use of B-scan for such a purpose and suggests a more accurate evaluation with the standardized A-scan. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - May 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Changes in insomnia severity with advanced PAP therapy in patients with posttraumatic stress symptoms and comorbid sleep apnea: a retrospective, nonrandomized controlled study
ConclusionsIn a retrospective, nonrandomized analysis of a select sample of sleep clinic patients with OSA and PTSD symptoms, advanced PAP therapy was associated with significant improvement in insomnia severity for both compliant and partial users. However, residual insomnia symptoms persisted, indicating that PAP therapy provides only limited treatment. RCTs are warranted to assess the effect of ABPAP and ASV modes of therapy on adherence and sleep outcomes, and their potential impact on posttraumatic stress symptoms. Treatment arms that combine PAP with CBT-I would be expected to yield the greatest potency. (Source: Mil...
Source: Military Medical Research - May 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Correction to: Effect of heavy load carriage on cardiorespiratory responses with varying gradients and modes of carriage
. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - May 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in the prevalence of obesity among young Thai men and associated factors: from 2009 to 2016
AbstractBackgroundThe prevalence of obesity has been increasing in both males and females worldwide. In Thailand, the National Health Examination Surveys reported that the prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2) among Thai male adults aged 20 –59 years increased from 1.7% in 1991 to 6.8% in 2009. Obesity has been confirmed to lead to health problems, including noncommunicable diseases. In the present study, we report trends in the prevalence of obesity among new conscripts from 2009 to 2016. We also investigated the associated factor s of obesity.MethodsSerial cross-sectional studies ...
Source: Military Medical Research - April 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dynamic changes in peripheral blood-targeted miRNA expression profiles in patients with severe traumatic brain injury at high altitude
ConclusionsmiRNAs may be involved in the pathogenesis of sTBI by dynamically regulating the target genes that regulate inflammatory responses, apoptosis, and DNA damage/repair pathways. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - April 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Late immune consequences of combat trauma: a review of trauma-related immune dysfunction and potential therapies
AbstractWith improvements in personnel and vehicular body armor, robust casualty evacuation capabilities, and damage control resuscitation strategies, more combat casualties are surviving to reach higher levels of care throughout the casualty evacuation system. As such, medical centers are becoming more accustomed to managing the deleterious late consequences of combat trauma related to the dysregulation of the immune system. In this review, we aim to highlight these late consequences and identify areas for future research and therapeutic strategies. Trauma leads to the dysregulation of both the innate and adaptive immune ...
Source: Military Medical Research - April 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Coping strategies of Dutch servicemembers after deployment
ConclusionsA correlation but no association was observed between maladaptive coping and mental health disorders in deployed Dutch servicemembers. Further research should focus on constructing cluster profiles of coping strategies and associating them with mental health outcomes and reintegration into society. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - April 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Pharmacological treatment of inhalation injury after nuclear or radiological incidents: The Chinese and German approach
AbstractInhalation injury is often associated with burns and significantly increases morbidity and mortality. The main toxic components of fire smoke are carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, and irritants. In the case of an incident at a nuclear power plant or recycling facility associated with fire, smoke may also contain radioactive material. Medical treatments may vary in different countries, and in this paper, we discuss the similarities and differences in the treatments between China and Germany. Carbon monoxide poisoning is treated by 100% oxygen administration and, if available, hyperbaric oxygenation in China as well...
Source: Military Medical Research - March 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Trends in the incidence of physician-diagnosed posttraumatic stress disorder among active-duty U.S. military personnel between 1999 and 2008
ConclusionsOverall, these data quantify the significant increase in the incidence rate of PTSD following the initiation of combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan within the active-duty military population during the study period. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - March 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Description of trauma among French service members in the Department of Defense Trauma Registry: understanding the nature of trauma and the care provided
ConclusionsThe DoDTR provides extensive data on trauma injuries that can be used to inform injury prevention and clinical care. The majority of injuries sustained by French SMs were BIs, caused by explosives, and predominantly occurring to the extremities; these findings are similar to those of other studies conducted in combat zones. There is a need to establish a French Military trauma registry to improve the combat casualty care provided to French SMs, and its creation may benefit from the DoDTR model. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - February 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Chinese expert consensus on the treatment of modern combat-related spinal injuries
AbstractThe battlefield treatments of spinal and spinal cord injury vary from civilian settings. However, there is no unified battlefield treatment guidelines for spine trauma in PLA. An expert consensus is reached, based on spine trauma epidemiology and the concepts of battlefield treatment combined with the existing levels of military medical care in modern warfare. Since the specialized treatment for spine trauma are no significant difference between civilian settings and modern war, the first aid, emergency treatment and early treatment of spine trauma are introduced separately in three levels in this consensus. In Lev...
Source: Military Medical Research - February 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Drawing soldiers out of post-traumatic stress disorder
AbstractArt therapies are a broad suite of treatments including drawing, painting and music that can facilitate non-verbal communication through artistic expression. They have been used as adjunctive therapies for a range of mental health conditions. Significant numbers of returning military personnel experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and discontinuation of care is a concern. Using drawing-based art therapy as an adjuvant to classical therapies may provide a benefit for such military patients. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - February 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Incidental finding of Zinner syndrome in a Greek military recruit: a case report of a rare clinical entity
ConclusionsThis article aims to present the incidental diagnosis of a rare syndrome in a military setting. Population screening conducted in the armed forces permits the identification of undiagnosed diseases that warrant further investigation. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first report of Zinner syndrome in a military recruit and the second case cited of a Greek patient in the published literature. Regular follow-up is the key to timely intervention in conservatively managed cases. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - February 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Extragenital chlamydia infection among active-duty women in the United States Navy
ConclusionsWe found a high prevalence of anorectal CT infection, although no infections were detected without concurrent endocervical involvement. Nonetheless, the high prevalence of condomless anal intercourse reported by participants argues for further study and ongoing consideration of extragenital screening among high-risk patients. Behavioral interventions are also warranted given the high prevalence of sexual and related risk factors. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - January 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Ad libitum water consumption prevents exercise-associated hyponatremia and protects against dehydration in soldiers performing a 40-km route-march
AbstractBackgroundIt remains unclear if ad libitum water drinking, as a hydration strategy, prevents exercise-associated hyponatremia (EAH) during prolonged exercise. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of EAH within the broader context of fluid regulation among soldiers performing a 40-km route-march ingesting water ad libitum.MethodsTwenty-eight healthy male soldiers participated in this observational trial. Pre- and post-exercise body mass, blood and urine samples were collected. Blood samples were assessed for serum sodium ([Na+]), glucose, creatinine, urea nitrogen (BUN), plasma osmolality, creatine k...
Source: Military Medical Research - January 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Influences of blood lipids on the occurrence and prognosis of hemorrhagic transformation after acute cerebral infarction: a case-control study of 732 patients
AbstractBackgroundTo study the influence of blood lipid levels on hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and prognosis after acute cerebral infarction (ACI).MethodsPatients with ACI within 72  h of symptoms onset between January 1st, 2015, and December 31st, 2016, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into group A (without HT) and group B (HT). The outcomes were assessed after 3 months of disease onset using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). An mRS score of 0–2 points indicated excellent prognosis, and an mRS score of 3–6 points indicated poor prognosis.ResultsA total of 732 patients confor...
Source: Military Medical Research - January 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Dietary, physical activity, and weight management interventions among active-duty military personnel: a systematic review
ConclusionDespite limitations such as the diversity and heterogeneity of the included interventions, outcome measurements, and follow-up duration, this systematic review found good evidence that weight management interventions are effective, especially in terms of weight loss. More studies are needed to acquire solid evidence for effectiveness for durations longer than 12  months and to identify key components of the effective dietary and physical activity educational and/or behavioral change interventions, especially in countries outside Europe and the US. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - December 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Military trainees can accurately measure optic nerve sheath diameter after a brief training session
ConclusionThis study demonstrates that optic nerve sheath diameter measurement can be accurately performed by novice ultrasonographers after a brief training session. If validated, point-of-care optic nerve sheath diameter measurement could impact the triage of injured patients in remote areas. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - December 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Stigma and its impact on the families of former soldiers of the German Armed Forces: an exploratory study
ConclusionsUrgently needed anti-stigma campaigns, particularly in the civilian context, should address the stigmatization of both mental illness and the military participation of the families affected. They should consider the needs of both former soldiers with a mental illness and their families. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - November 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Potential therapy strategy: targeting mitochondrial dysfunction in sepsis
AbstractRecently, the definition of sepsis was concluded to be a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Severe patients always present with uncorrectable hypotension or hyperlactacidemia, which is defined as septic shock. The new definition emphasizes dysregulation of the host response and multiple organ dysfunction, which is partially attributed to metabolic disorders induced by energy crisis and oxidative stress. Mitochondria are a cellular organelle that are well known as the center of energy production, and mitochondrial damage or dysfunction is commonly induced in septi...
Source: Military Medical Research - November 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Prospective study of the prevalence and co-morbidities of obstructive sleep apnea in active-duty army personnel in the three southernmost provinces of Thailand using questionnaire screening
ConclusionEarly detection and treatment of OSA in active-duty army personnel are imperative. Physical examination and polysomnography can be used to reveal the high-risk group. High body mess index (BMI), laryngopharyngeal reflux, current smoking and alcoholic consumption are modifiable factors for OSA and are avoidable. A policy to decrease the BMI and risk of LPR, as well as to stop smoking and alcoholic consumption, should be applied. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - November 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Commentary regarding “on-orbit sleep problems of astronauts and countermeasures”
AbstractThis commentary addresses the article by Wu et al. entitled “On-orbit sleep problems of astronauts and countermeasures”. In this article, the authors discussed the sleep problems of astronauts. Despite its challenging topic, the paper authored by Wu et al. has at least one major shortcoming. This issue is related to the observation that the sleep pattern of astronauts can be disturbed by light flash phenomenon. Since the first report by astronaut E.E. Aldrin in 1969, many astronauts have reported light flashes. These visually perceived flashes of light occurred in different shapes but they apparently mo...
Source: Military Medical Research - October 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Longitudinal association of gonorrhea and bacterial vaginosis with repeat chlamydia diagnoses among U.S. Army women: a retrospective cohort analysis
ConclusionsThis large cohort study suggests that gonorrhea and bacterial vaginosis were associated with repeat chlamydia diagnoses among U.S. Army women. These findings can be used in formulating new interventions to prevent repeat chlamydia diagnoses. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - October 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Health concerns of veterans with high-level lower extremity amputations
ConclusionsUnderstanding veterans ’ characteristics and special needs are important to make sure that enough facilities and services are afforded to them. These findings emphasize the importance of paying close attention to different dimensions of health in veterans and can help health providers identify health needs and make regu lar assessments. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - October 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Gender differences in trauma, shock and sepsis
AbstractDespite efforts in prevention and intensive care, trauma and subsequent sepsis are still associated with a high mortality rate. Traumatic injury remains the main cause of death in people younger than 45 years and is thus a source of immense social and economic burden. In recent years, the knowledge concerning gender medicine has continuously increased. A number of studies have reported gender dimorphism in terms of response to trauma, shock and sepsis. However, the advantageous outcome following trauma-hemorrhage in females is not due only to sex. Rather, it is due to the prevailing hormonal milieu of the victim. I...
Source: Military Medical Research - October 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Chinese expert consensus on echelons treatment of thoracic injury in modern warfare
AbstractThe emergency treatment of thoracic injuries varies of general conditions and modern warfare. However, there are no unified battlefield treatment guidelines for thoracic injuries in the Chinese People ’s Liberation Army (PLA). An expert consensus has been reached based on the epidemiology of thoracic injuries and the concept of battlefield treatment combined with the existing levels of military medical care in modern warfare. Since there are no differences in the specialized treatment for thora cic injuries between general conditions and modern warfare, first aid, emergency treatment, and early treatment of t...
Source: Military Medical Research - October 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

An improved formula for standard hypoxia tolerance time (STT) to evaluate hypoxic tolerance in mice
ConclusionASTT could be a better index than STT for the evaluation of hypoxia tolerance abilities as it could eliminate the impact of animal BW. (Source: Military Medical Research)
Source: Military Medical Research - September 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research