'Dr. Google, is caesarean section good for me?' - the global Internet searches associated with mode of birth methods: Retrospective analysis of Google trends data.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: We investigated Google queries in the years 2004-2019 as related to mode of birth methods in scope of global and local popularity, secular trends, and associations with real-world data. DESIGN: We retrieved data from Google Trends (GT) over time and regional interest in (n = 9) topics related to birth. We calculated the interest of all the topics in proportion to the Relative Search Volume (RSV) of 'Caesarean section'"(CS). We retrieved WHO data on the CS rate and the World Bank data on the fertility rate. We analysed secular trends. FINDINGS: Globally, the highest popu...
Source: Midwifery - June 26, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kamiński M, Łoniewski I, Łoniewska B Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

The effects of cryotherapy on perineal pain after childbirth: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Cryotherapy can be an effective non-pharmacological nursing intervention to reduce pain after childbirth. PMID: 32615484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - June 25, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kim HJ, An JW, Lee Y, Shin YS Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Personal, professional and workplace factors associated with burnout in Jordanian midwives: A national study.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of burnout and explore associated socio-demographic and work-related factors among Jordanian midwives. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design. The survey tool included the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) and socio-demographic and work-related data forms. SETTING: All government-funded hospitals in Jordan (18 hospitals) that provide antenatal, labour and birth, or postnatal care for women. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 321 midwives participated. DATA ANALYSIS: Frequencies, means, and standard deviations were calculated as appropriate on the demog...
Source: Midwifery - June 25, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Mohammad KI, Al-Reda AN, Aldalaykeh M, Hayajneh W, Alafi KK, Creedy DK, Gamble J Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

A systematic integrative review of the literature on midwives and student midwives engaged in problematic substance use.
CONCLUSIONS: There is limited evidence available in relation to problematic substance use in midwifery populations in comparison to that available for other healthcare populations. Further research is required, and could usefully focus upon midwives and student midwives as distinct professions to be separated out from the wider healthcare workforce. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Problematic substance use among the healthcare workforce is associated with an increase in medical errors and inadequate care. Those affected can be reluctant to seek help, experience psychological distress and even contemplate suicide. Whilst ev...
Source: Midwifery - June 15, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Pezaro DS, Patterson DJ, Moncrieff G, Ghai DI Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

The experience of sleep deprivation for midwives practicing in the united states.
DISCUSSION: Midwives reported suffering health and safety consequences as a result of insufficient sleep, including impacts to their personal health, clinical errors, and errors in driving after an extended period awake. Nurses, midwives, physicians, and administrators are encouraged to work together to develop strategies and policies to ameliorate the risks and impacts of sleep deprivation for all clinicians, including midwives. PMID: 32554134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - June 10, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Arbour MW, Gordon IK, Saftner M, Tanner T Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Maternal postnatal health during the COVID-19 pandemic: Vigilance is needed.
PMID: 32546397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - June 7, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Bick D, Cheyne H, Chang YS, Fisher J Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Midwifery education in COVID-19- time: Challenges and opportunities.
PMID: 32526596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - June 1, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Luyben A, Fleming V, Vermeulen J Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

The impact of covid-19 on midwives' practice in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania: A reflective account.
PMID: 32526597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - June 1, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Pallangyo E, Nakate MG, Maina R, Fleming V Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Choosing vaginal birth after caesarean section: Motivating factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Recovery post caesarean section is an important consideration that is under emphasised in the informed consent process. There is opportunity for midwives to contribute proactively in promoting vaginal birth for women who have experienced a previous caesarean section. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: women should be assisted to make informed choices with balanced information that includes recovery from surgical birth. Models of care that include a significant role for midwives and strategies that proactively encourage vaginal birth for women after previous caesarean section are needed. PMID: 32526606 [PubMe...
Source: Midwifery - May 30, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Davis D, S Homer C, Clack D, Turkmani S, Foureur M Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

A phenomenological study of Jordanian women's experience of sexual intercourse after giving birth.
CONCLUSION: health professionals need to adopt appropriate maternal clinical guidelines to meet women's needs. There is a need to give greater emphasis on sexual health care provided to women during pregnancy and after giving birth. PMID: 32516678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - May 30, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Alnuaimi K, Obeisat S, Almalik M, Ali R, Alshraifeen A Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Psychological factors and maternal-fetal attachment in relation to epidural choice.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data highlight the importance that medical staff focus on the maternal bond, to help future mothers have the best possible childbirth experience. PMID: 32521408 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - May 30, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Smorti M, Ponti L, Simoncini T, Pancetti F, Mauri G, Gemignani A Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Mothers' parenting self-efficacy, satisfaction and perceptions of their infants during the first days postpartum.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The first aim of this study was to describe mothers' self-efficacy, satisfaction and perceptions when parenting their infants during the first days postpartum. Furthermore, the study aimed to explore the distinct sociodemographic as well as mother and infant related factors that are associated with the above parenting aspects. DESIGN: A descriptive and cross-sectional study design was used. SETTING: Three separate postpartum wards 1-7 days after childbirth in one university level hospital in Finland. PARTICIPANTS: All mothers who gave birth during March 1st to May 20th, 2019 and ...
Source: Midwifery - May 29, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Botha E, Helminen M, Kaunonen M, Lubbe W, Joronen K Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

To what extent does UK and Irish maternity policy and guidance address integration of services to meet needs of women with comorbidity? A policy document review.
PMID: 32485503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - May 26, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Mayer F, Bick D, Taylor C Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

The acceptability and feasibility of implementing a Fractional exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO)-based asthma management strategy into antenatal care: The perspective of pregnant women with asthma.
PMID: 32480322 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - May 26, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: McLaughlin K, Jensen ME, Foureur M, Gibson P, Murphy VE Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Gestational diabetes mellitus increased the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes: A prospective cohort study in Northwest Ethiopia.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus is a rising global public health problem that can have short- and long-term sequelae for both mother and offspring. However, there are limited evidences on the effect of gestational diabetes mellitus on adverse neonatal outcomes using the updated international diagnostic criteria on adverse effects on neonatal outcomes. Therefore, this study was aimed to examine the effects of gestational diabetes mellitus on the risk of adverse neonatal outcomes in Ethiopia. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted among pregnant women recruited from antenatal clini...
Source: Midwifery - May 19, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Muche AA, Olayemi OO, Gete YK Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

"Taken by surprise" - Women's experiences of the first eight weeks after a second degree perineal tear at childbirth.
CONCLUSIONS: Although many women recovered fairly well the first months after a second degree perineal tear at childbirth, it was evident that a substantial number of women were unprepared for the pain and discomfort they experienced. It is apparent that also women with the "minor" perineal tears at childbirth need improved postpartum care with tailored analgesia and improved information, but also check-ups and reassurance of recovery from healthcare professionals. Health care professionals need to identify women with persisting problems so that they can be referred to inpatient care for additional assessments of...
Source: Midwifery - May 18, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Lindberg I, Persson M, Nilsson M, Uustal E, Lindqvist M Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

The Transdiagnostic Nature of Cravings: Smoking Cessation and Food Craving in Pregnancy.
This study sought to test the hypothesis that pre-pregnancy smoking cessation elevates excess GWG risk via an increase in food craving frequency. METHODS: Pregnant women (n = 82) completed measures of pre-pregnancy tobacco use and current general and specific food cravings. Gestational weight gain was calculated based on participant self-report of pre-pregnancy weight and data on weight prior to delivery culled from medical records. RESULTS: Pre-pregnancy tobacco use was associated with significantly greater food craving frequency in pregnancy (p = .05), specifically for high-fat and fast-foods (both p
Source: Midwifery - May 16, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Blau LE, Orloff N, Hormes JM Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Vaginal delivery or caesarean section - Severity of early symptoms of postpartum depression and assessment of pain in Polish women in the early puerperium.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study is to examine the differences between women following vaginal delivery and caesarean section (elective or emergency) in terms of early symptoms of postpartum depression, and to evaluate pain during labour and in the early puerperium. An additional goal was to determine if pain evaluation is associated with depressive symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 224 women in the early puerperium recruited from a public hospital in Poland, who were divided into three groups by method of delivery: caesarean section - electiv...
Source: Midwifery - May 7, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Ilska M, Banaś E, Gregor K, Brandt-Salmeri A, Ilski A, Cnota W Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

2020 International Year of Midwifery-In the midst of a pandemic.
PMID: 32389529 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - April 30, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Furuta M Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

2020 International Year of the Midwife - An unexpected challenge.
PMID: 32381357 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - April 19, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kennedy HP Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Shift length and working practices in UK hospital settings: An online survey of heads of midwifery.
CONCLUSIONS: Shift schedules and the lack of formal methods to record the number of midwives working beyond their contracted hours may be a cause for concern due to the potential impact on recovery times. Further research is required to explore how working practices may affect midwives and their ability to provide care for women and their babies. PMID: 32348897 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - April 17, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Dent J Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Defining vulnerability in European pregnant women, a Delphi study.
CONCLUSION: We reached consensus about a mutual definition of vulnerable pregnant women and aspects related to vulnerability within this consortium. The Delphi approach led to interesting discussions and was a valuable method to define the concept of vulnerable pregnant women within our project . IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: In order to accomplish a project that aimed to improve care for vulnerable pregnant women it was important to first identify the population of vulnerable pregnant women with a mutual definition. PMID: 32289596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - April 5, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Scheele J, Harmsen van der Vliet-Torij HW, Wingelaar-Loomans EM, Goumans MJBM Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Satisfaction of Slovak women with psychosocial aspects of care during childbirth.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: It can be concluded that it is necessary to pay attention to the psychosocial aspects of health care during labor and delivery, with the emphasis on strengthening interventions in the field of participation of women in decision-making. Simultaneously, it is beneficial to emphasize and support the naturalness of childbirth so that women would associate childbirth with a positive experience. Finally, it is important to promote skin-to-skin contact right after birth. PMID: 32278231 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - March 28, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Mazúchová L, Kelčíková S, Štofaníková L, Kopincová J, Malinovská N, Grendár M Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Assessing mental health during pregnancy: An exploratory qualitative study of midwives' perceptions.
CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights key barriers and facilitators associated with mental health screening during pregnancy, including issues of trust and uncertainty about women's willingness to disclose mental health conditions. Further research is required to evaluate the relationship between women and midwives in contemporary practice and the influence this may have on maternal mental health. PMID: 32276157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - March 20, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Baker N, Gillman L, Coxon K Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Parents' experiences of early discharge after a planned caesarean section: A qualitative interpretive study.
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATION FOR PRACTICE: A clear link was observed between the care package the parents received and their views on the optimal time of discharge. Based on our findings it seems likely that a significant proportion of parents will accept and feel confident about early discharge if individual circumstances are taken into account in the antenatal planning of a caesarean section. PMID: 32208229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - March 14, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Knudsen RK, Kruse AR, Lou S Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Distribution of midwives in Mongolia: A secondary data analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that two different measures of midwifery distribution should be used as indicators: number of midwives "per 10,000 population" and "per 1000 km2 area". In rural areas such as parts of Mongolia, geographical features and population density are important features of the local context. To deliver healthcare services in a timely manner and within a reasonable distance for pregnant women who need care, the indicator of per 1000 km2 area would be more suitable for rural and sparsely populated areas than the indicator of per 10,000 population, which is commonly used fo...
Source: Midwifery - March 14, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Erdenee O, Tumejargal A, Parchaa T, Yamazaki C, Koyama H Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

All that I need exists within me: A qualitative study of nulliparous Norwegian women's experiences with planned home birth.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Planned home birth may be experienced as a very positive occurrence for nulliparous women, and the care those women in this study received contained several elements that can help to promote normal labour and birth at a time in which reducing interventions in maternity care is of importance. Their positive birth experiences gave the women confidence both in their transition to motherhood as well as in other aspects of life. PMID: 32200282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - March 12, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Skrondal TF, Bache-Gabrielsen T, Aune I Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Quality of life and the related factors in early postnatal women in Malawi.
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The physical health QOL was lower in postnatal mothers in Malawi. Measures to improve physical health aspects and address women's fears and depressive symptoms during postpartum care are warranted. The findings should alert the health providers of the importance of assessing and improving women's physical health and psychological well-being during postpartum care. PMID: 32179390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - March 7, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Khwepeya M, Monsen K, Kuo SY Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Commentary: Creating a definition for global midwifery centers.
PMID: 32182449 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - March 3, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Stevens JR, Alonso C Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

'Supporting a first-time mother': Assessment of success of a breastfeeding promotion programme.
CONCLUSIONS: A limitation of the study is mainly related to participation in the intervention. In spite of this limitation, this support programme increased breastfeeding rates 3 fold. PMID: 32163797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - March 3, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Gonzalez-Darias A, Diaz-Gomez NM, Rodriguez-Martin S, Hernandez-Perez C, Aguirre-Jaime A Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Changing behaviour in pregnant women: A scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS: Education for knowledge gain was found to be the prevailing approach in behaviour change programmes. Empowerment aspects were not a specific focus of the behaviour change programmes. This review draws attention to the need to design interventions that empower women, which may be beneficial through their live. As midwives provide maternal healthcare worldwide, they are well-suited to develop, manage, implement or assist in BCPs. PMID: 32151875 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - February 20, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Zinsser LA, Stoll K, Wieber F, Pehlke-Milde J, Gross MM Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Provider knowledge and perceptions following an integrated simulation training on emergency obstetric and neonatal care and respectful maternity care: A mixed-methods study in Ghana.
CONCLUSIONS: Simulation and team-training on emergency obstetric and neonatal care, combined with respectful maternity care content, can enable health care providers to improve both their clinical and interpersonal knowledge and skills in a training setting that reflects their complex and stressful work environments. Our findings suggest this type of training is feasible, acceptable, and effective in limited-resource settings. Uptake of such trainings could drive efforts towards providing high quality safe, responsive, and respectful obstetric and neonatal care. PMID: 32114318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - February 19, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Afulani PA, Dyer J, Calkins K, Aborigo RA, Mcnally B, Cohen SR Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Following-up midwives after adverse incidents: How front-line management practices help second victims.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The study shows that proactive managers who planned for how to handle critical incidents provided midwives with needed individual support and learning. Proactive transformational leadership and delegating roles for individual support should be promoted when assisting second victims after critical incidents. Managers can limit the potential harm to second victims by preparing for the eventuality of a crisis and institute follow-up practices. PMID: 32120330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - February 19, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Christoffersen L, Teigen J, Rønningstad C Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Maternal factors associated with prematurity in public maternity hospitals at the Brazilian Western Amazon.
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To analyse maternal factors associated with prematurity in public maternity hospitals. DESIGN: Retrospective unmatched case-control study on two public maternity hospitals in the State of Acre, Brazil. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 341 newborn infants of premature birth (
Source: Midwifery - February 18, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Santos CL, Costa KMM, Dourado JEC, Lima SBG, Dotto LMG, Schirmer J Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Dissatisfaction of women with induction of labour according to parity: Results of a population-based cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: To reduce dissatisfaction in nulliparous women, IoL should be discussed during antenatal birth classes and women should be made to feel that they shared in the medical decision to perform IoL. For parous women, care providers should inform them that the duration of delivery may exceed 24 h. Continuous support for all women during IoL should pay closer attention to vaginal discomfort, pain and women's requests. Postpartum discussions with mothers should be arranged to enable conversation about the experience of unexpected events. PMID: 32092607 [PubMed - as supplied by pu...
Source: Midwifery - February 14, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Dupont C, Blanc-Petitjean P, Cortet M, Gaucher L, Salomé M, Carbonne B, Ray CL Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Effect of women's intra-household bargaining power on postnatal and infant healthcare in rural Uganda-Results from a cross sectional survey in Kyenjojo district.
PMID: 32087395 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - February 12, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kadengye DT, Atahigwa C, Kampire P, Mucunguzi S, Kemigisha E, Nyakato VN, Kiwuwa-Muyingo S Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Hypnosis-based interventions during pregnancy and childbirth and their impact on women's childbirth experience: A systematic review.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Hypnosis has been increasingly used in recent years in healthcare, with several applications during pregnancy, labor and birth. Yet, few studies have assessed the impact of hypnosis on women's childbirth experience. AIM: This systematic review examines the use and effects of hypnosis-based interventions during pregnancy and childbirth on women's childbirth experience. METHODS: A literature search was performed on several databases (Science Direct, PsychINFO and PubMed). Published articles reporting on hypnosis-based interventions carried out during pregnancy and/or childbirth that ev...
Source: Midwifery - February 12, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Catsaros S, Wendland J Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

The provision of midwife-led care in low-and middle-income countries: An integrative review.
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATION FOR PRACTICE AND RESEARCH: Midwife-led care is provided across low- and middle-income countries but lack of enabling factors limits the quality of care that midwives can provide. Further research about this model of care is needed to understand the ingredients of successful implementation, their effectiveness and sustainability. PMID: 32062187 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - February 3, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Michel-Schuldt M, McFadden A, Renfrew M, Homer C Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Midwifery students': Developing an understanding of being 'with woman'--A qualitative study.
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: The art and skills of being 'with woman' are central to midwifery practice; students in this study were able to demonstrate understanding of the concept and also highlight factors that influence their learning of how to be 'with woman'. Findings can inform how the phenomenon of being 'with woman' can be intentionally introduced into midwifery programs, with particular emphasis on positive midwifery role models, realistic student workload and recognition of the value of the Continuity of Care Experience. PMID: 32044537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - February 3, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kuliukas L, Bradfield Z, Costins P, Duggan R, Burns V, Hauck Y, Lewis L Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Somali women's experiences of antenatal care: A qualitative interview study.
CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The Somali women in this study were grateful for the care provided, although the quality of antenatal care did not always meet their needs. This study should serve as a reminder of the importance of establishing trust between the pregnant woman and the caregiver, strengthening interpretation services and assuring tailored information is available to Somali women at an early stage. The findings further suggest that antenatal care for Somali women may be improved by offering continuity of care and improving clinical and cultural skills in clinicians. Suggestions for practice, and fut...
Source: Midwifery - January 30, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Utne R, Antrobus-Johannessen CL, Aasheim V, Aaseskjær K, Vik ES Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

The initiation of Dutch newly qualified hospital-based midwives in practice, a qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: Initiation to hospital-based practice requires from newly qualified midwives adaptation to new tasks: working with women in medium and high-risk care, managing tasks, as well as often receiving training in additional medical skills. Sociability helps newly qualified midwives in becoming a member of a multidisciplinary team; neuroticism and perfectionism hinders them in their work. Clear expectations and a settling-in period may help newly qualified midwives to adapt to practice. The initiation phase could be better supported by preparing student midwives for working in a hospital setting and helping manage expe...
Source: Midwifery - January 28, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Kool LE, Schellevis FG, Jaarsma DADC, Feijen-De Jong EI Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Why do community members believe mothers and babies dying? Behavioral versus situational attribution in rural northern Ghana.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings contribute to a small but growing body of literature on the blaming of mothers for their own deaths and those of their newborns - a phenomenon also described in high-income countries - and is supported by blame attribution theories that explain the self-protective nature of victim-blaming. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: These results carry important implications for education and intervention design related to maternal and neonatal mortality, including more focused efforts at incorporating men and the larger community. More research is warranted on blame attribution for these adverse outcomes a...
Source: Midwifery - January 27, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Aboungo V, Kaselitz E, Aborigo R, Williams J, James K, Moyer C Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

The impact of human trafficking in relation to maternity care: A literature review.
CONCLUSIONS: Women who have been trafficked are at risk of physical and emotional health issues that may affect maternal and fetal outcomes. Multiple barriers to care exist for women who have been trafficked, and social factors including housing, poverty and dispersal policies may impact upon both health and access to care. Healthcare staff do not feel adequately prepared to respond to the needs of this vulnerable group and no midwifery-specific guidance exists. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Midwives need awareness of the complex range of health and social factors that may affect women who have been trafficked. Midwives ...
Source: Midwifery - January 23, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Collins C, Skarparis K Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Evidence and guidelines for trauma-informed doula care.
CONCLUSIONS: To be trauma-informed, doulas must first realize the scope and impact of trauma on pregnancy including possible ways to recovery; then recognize signs and symptoms of trauma during pregnancy; be ready to respond by integrating evidence and sensitivity into all doula training and practices; and always resist re-traumatization. Trauma-informed doula care also centers on these 6 principles: safety; trustworthiness and transparency; peer support with other survivors; collaboration and mutuality; resilience, empowerment, voice, and choice; and social, cultural, and historical considerations. In practice, this inclu...
Source: Midwifery - January 23, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Mosley EA, Lanning RK Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

"Are you doing your pelvic floor?" An ethnographic exploration of the interaction between women and midwives about pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) during pregnancy.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Although HCPs and some women knew that PFME were important, they were not prioritised and the significant benefits of doing PFME may not have been communicated by midwives or recognised by women. There was a lack of confidence amongst midwives to teach PFME and manage UI within the antenatal care pathway and amongst women to ask about PFME or UI. A perceived lack of consistent guidelines and policy at local and national levels may have impeded clear communication and prioritisation of PFME. Furthermore, assumptions made by both women and midwives, for example, women regarding UI a...
Source: Midwifery - January 22, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Terry R, Jarvie R, Hay-Smith J, Salmon V, Pearson M, Boddy K, MacArthur C, Dean S Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Development, psychometric assessment, and predictive validity of the comprehensive breastfeeding knowledge scale.
CONCLUSION: Preliminary data suggest the CBKS is a valid and reliable measure of breastfeeding knowledge. Upon further testing, this self-report measure may be used to (1) identify women with low breastfeeding knowledge requiring targeted support, (2) individualize health professional care with breastfeeding women, and (3) evaluate the effectiveness of breastfeeding interventions and programs. PMID: 32014619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - January 22, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Abbass-Dick J, Newport A, Pattison D, Sun W, Kenaszchuk C, Dennis CL Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Antenatal and postnatal depression - Are Polish midwives really ready for them?
CONCLUSIONS: Midwives are not properly prepared for the new tasks resulting from the Polish standard of perinatal care: specifically, for the assessment of a woman's mental state. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Further trainings are required to ensure midwives' competency and knowledge about the assessment and dealing with mental disorders of patients who experience prenatal and postpartum depression. PMID: 32004734 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - January 22, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Magdalena CD, Tamara WK Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Women's experiences with enhanced recovery after elective caesarean section with next day discharge: A qualitative study.
CONCLUSION: This study takes a woman-centred perspective adding to both literature and practice. PMID: 31986313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - January 15, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Cusack L, Digenis C, Schultz T, Klaer B, Hobbs M Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Magnitude of disrespectful and abusive care among women during facility-based childbirth in Shambu town, Horro Guduru Wollega zone, Ethiopia.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Disrespectful care during childbirth causes suffering and discourages women from seeking facility-based care. It is one of the silent causes of maternal mortality and morbidity worldwide, but not yet well recorded especially in developing countries. The aim of this study was to measure the magnitude of disrespect and abusive behaviors of health professionals during childbirth and associated factors. METHOD: Community based cross-sectional study design was employed among 321 women who gave birth in public health facilities of Shambu town, Ethiopia, between January 01 and December 31, 2018....
Source: Midwifery - January 14, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Bekele W, Bayou NB, Garedew MG Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research

Midwives experiences of providing midwifery care following their involvement in an obstetric emergency.
PMID: 31935661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Midwifery)
Source: Midwifery - January 11, 2020 Category: Midwifery Authors: Whittaker D Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research