Sex differences in a sample of Egyptian adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a cross-sectional study
Conclusion Our findings highlighted important differences between boys and girls with ADHD in several clinical and cognitive domains. These findings might serve as a guidance tip for early management of ADHD adolescents in both sexes. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Study of stress and coping among depressive adolescents versus addictive adolescents: a cross-sectional study
Conclusion Adolescent patients with depression were exposed to more stressful life events than addictive group. Addictive group resorted to more ineffective coping strategies, whereas depressive group used mainly denial as a coping strategy. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

A study of heart rate variability in depression: could it be a state marker?
Conclusion Autonomic cardiac imbalance in major depression is comparable to that present in mentally healthy cardiac patients themselves. Whether this imbalance is a state marker of depression or not is still debatable, and giving special concern to reverse it is of utmost importance in decreasing cardiac mortality and morbidity in major depression. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Stress among medical students in a college of medicine in Saudi Arabia: sex differences
Conclusion The current study demonstrated that stress was significantly higher among female medical students compared with male medical students. Poor friend support was the only significant predictor for increased perceived stress among female medical students. Parental restrictions, represented specifically as parents’ attitude toward their daughters against having direct and easy social communication with their female friends, may be considered as a factor that could explain poor friend support among female medical students in Saudi Arabia. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a culturally adapted behavioural family psychoeducational programme on the attitude of caregivers of patients with schizophrenia: an Egyptian study
Background Few studies in Egypt have examined the effectiveness of psychoeducational programmes as an adjunct to pharmacotherapy in patients with schizophrenia. This is especially relevant because of the traditional collectivistic nature of the Egyptian culture, where the primary (especially financial) responsibility falls on families and not on society at large. Aim We aimed to study the effect of a culturally adapted behavioural psychoeducational programme on the attitude of a sample of the caregivers of patients with schizophrenia in Egypt. Patients and methods Thirty caregivers of patients with schizophrenia we...
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Sex differences in a sample of Egyptian adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a cross-sectional study
Conclusion Our findings highlighted important differences between boys and girls with ADHD in several clinical and cognitive domains. These findings might serve as a guidance tip for early management of ADHD adolescents in both sexes. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Depressive and anxiety disorders associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Conclusion Psychiatric comorbidities are frequent among COPD patients, especially anxiety and depression. The presence of psychiatric comorbidities increases the impairment in quality of life in COPD patients. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphisms and executive functions in a sample of Egyptian children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Conclusion This study provides evidence that MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms may have relationship with ADHD subtypes and with the impairment of executive function of children with ADHD. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Study of stress and coping among depressive adolescents versus addictive adolescents: a cross-sectional study
Conclusion Adolescent patients with depression were exposed to more stressful life events than addictive group. Addictive group resorted to more ineffective coping strategies, whereas depressive group used mainly denial as a coping strategy. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

A study of heart rate variability in depression: could it be a state marker?
Conclusion Autonomic cardiac imbalance in major depression is comparable to that present in mentally healthy cardiac patients themselves. Whether this imbalance is a state marker of depression or not is still debatable, and giving special concern to reverse it is of utmost importance in decreasing cardiac mortality and morbidity in major depression. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Stress among medical students in a college of medicine in Saudi Arabia: sex differences
Conclusion The current study demonstrated that stress was significantly higher among female medical students compared with male medical students. Poor friend support was the only significant predictor for increased perceived stress among female medical students. Parental restrictions, represented specifically as parents’ attitude toward their daughters against having direct and easy social communication with their female friends, may be considered as a factor that could explain poor friend support among female medical students in Saudi Arabia. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Psychiatric comorbidity among male patients with leprosy and its relation to low levels of free testosterone
Conclusion Depressive and anxiety disorders are most prevalent in patients with leprosy. Therefore, the need for psychiatric evaluation among people with leprosy cannot be overemphasized as this will provide holistic approach in the management of these patients. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Attitude of nonpsychiatric medical staff toward patients with schizophrenia in Sohag University
Background Patients with schizophrenia and their families have suffered greatly from the negative social attitude toward their illness, which results in social discrimination. Moreover, this social discrimination leads to many drawbacks in patient’s life, such as problems in person relationship, education, and work. Objective The study aims to explore the view of nonpsychiatric medical staff and medical students toward patients with schizophrenia to establish better service and quality of life toward patients with schizophrenia in Sohag University. Patients and methods It is a descriptive cross-sectional stud...
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - June 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

C-reactive protein levels and cognitive functions in patients with bipolar I disorder
Background In the previous studies, the relevance of inflammatory processes to disorders of the brain and body may serve as an important touchstone for increasing integration of psychiatry and medicine. Until recently few studies have examined the potential role of inflammation in bipolar I disorder. We aimed to compare C-reactive protein (CRP) serum levels as a marker of systemic inflammation between bipolar disorder (BD) patients in different affective phases and matched healthy controls and to investigate the possible effects of CRP elevations on the cognitive function in BD remitted patients. Patients and methods ...
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - June 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Medical students’ perception of teaching evaluation and feedback: a study at Oman Medical College
Conclusion The results of the present study provide clarity concerning the perceptions and beliefs of medical students regarding teaching evaluation process. Incorporating these results will positively affect medical education at Oman Medical College. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - June 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Cognitive deficits in patients with β-thalassemia major
Conclusion β-TM patients had significantly more cognitive deficits than healthy controls. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - June 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Psychiatric profile of children with chronic use of corticosteroids in nephrotic syndrome
Conclusion There was a strong positive correlation between using of CS therapy for a long period and development of psychiatric disorders such as aggression, anxiety and depression. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - June 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Hormonal level and serum serotonin in patients with first episode mania: a case–control study
Conclusion The underlying laboratory findings are a specific pathophysiology of manic symptoms and there is a positive correlation between laboratory findings and severity of manic symptoms evaluated with the YMRS. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - June 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Impact of anxiety on the prevalence of tobacco use among medical students, Ain Shams University, Egypt
Conclusion The rate of tobacco cigarette smoking is significantly increased as the medical students who progress through the years of their study being 21.5, 24.6 and 41.8% in the first, sixth year students and house officers, respectively. Anxiety had an impact on smoking in the first year students only. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - June 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Assessment of behavior and sleep in school-age children with generalized epilepsy
Conclusion Continuous assessment of sleep and behavior in children with epilepsy is important to exclude problems that can affect their life. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - June 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Impact of shift work on sleep problems, hormonal changes, and features of metabolic syndrome in a sample of Egyptian industrial workers: a cross-sectional study
Background The effect of shift work on health is mainly thought to be related to its interference with circadian rhythms with consequence effects on sleep, hormonal balance, and features of metabolic syndrome. The aim of this work was to investigate the impact of shift work on sleep problems, hormonal balance, and features of metabolic syndrome (BMI, cardiovascular problems, type II diabetes mellitus) among a sample of Egyptian industrial workers. Patients and methods Participants were 99 male workers (36 morning shift workers, 19 afternoon shift workers, and 44 night shift workers), with an age ranging from 25 to 60...
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - April 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Life satisfaction and quality of life in adolescents with severe microtia: the effect of improved body image disturbance after ear reconstructive surgery with costal cartilage
Conclusion In adolescence, ear reconstruction surgery with costal cartilage with multiple stages is still a valid option. It can reverse the psychological distress and significantly improves HRQL and SLSS. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - April 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The relationship between coping profile and Axis-I psychiatric morbidity in athletes
Conclusion Athletes with psychiatric morbidity at the time of competition were more inclined to using negative emotion-focused coping like helplessness and self-blame, and emotional discharge, and were less apt to use cognitive-focused coping like positive reinterpretation and seeking information and social support than athletes not suffering from psychiatric disorders; this calls sports psychologists and trainers to offer adaptive cognitive and emotion-focused coping techniques to decrease stress and morbidity. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - April 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Family assessment among patients with various mental disorders
Conclusion Psychiatric disorders are more prevalent in eldest birth order, skewed family pattern, cold controlling parent–child attachment style, families with poor communication though good parenting, with paternal obsessive traits, and maternal histrionic and dependent traits. Patients with psychotic disorders, who have poorer functioning, have families with good adaptability and parenting, and also idealizing parenting style. Patients with neurotic disorders who have better functioning have families with poor adaptability and parenting, and also scapegoating parenting style. Patients with psychotic disorders sco...
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - April 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Screening for obstructive sleep apnoea in patients with treatment-resistant depression: a case–control study
Background Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and major depressive disorder have a reciprocal and overlapping relationship with studies showing a high prevalence of depressive symptoms in OSA and an increased prevalence of sleep disturbances in major depressive disorder, but to date risk of OSA in treatment-resistant depression (TRD) has not been investigated. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the risk of OSA in patients with TRD. Patients and methods We conducted a cross-sectional, case–control study comparing 100 patients with TRD with 100 healthy controls at risk of OSA using the STOP-Bang questionnaire, for day...
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - April 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Study of memory dysfunction and interleukin-6 in euthymic Egyptian patients with bipolar disorder
Conclusion The level of serum IL-6 in patients with BD during euthymia is higher than that of healthy controls and correlated positively with memory dysfunctions, age, number of episodes, and duration of illness in BD during euthymia. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - April 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Plasma homocysteine in first-episode schizophrenia: 1-year outcome, a prospective study
Conclusion We found higher rates of Hcy in patients with first-episode schizophrenia compared with matched controls. Our results suggest that Hcy might play a role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and may negatively influence outcome in terms of symptom severity and treatment characteristics; future studies are required to examine this association further. In the meantime, there is a need for more widespread testing of Hcy levels in first-episode schizophrenia and for the development of appropriate management strategies. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - April 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Remission in schizophrenia after a course of electroconvulsive therapy and pharmacotherapy: a prospective comparative study
Conclusion In this study, combining ECT with drugs had no effect on remission. However, it is too early to state that ECT plays no role in the treatment of schizophrenia; more multicenter studies may be needed that overcome the bias in this study to deny or prove this effect. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - April 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Early Career Psychiatrists Fellowships in the 13th International Congress of Ain Shams Institute of Psychiatry, 2017
No abstract available (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Conference report Source Type: research

Attitude toward psychiatry among interns in Egypt
Conclusion Overall attitudes toward mental illness and choosing psychiatry as a career among interns in the two medical schools were positive. A further study with interns from different institutions is needed to gain a detailed nationwide picture. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Impact of the January 25 Egyptian Revolution on different psychological domains in Assiut University students
Background Arab country revolutions reflect long-term governorate’s authority for many years effect on the people. Dissatisfactory feelings about political and economic systems were the main firing of Januray 25 Egyptian Revolution. This dissatisfaction precipitated many psychological symptoms among Egyptian youth, which was expressed as anger. Aim The aim of this study was to identify the impact of January 25 Egyptian Revolution on the behavior and different psychological domains in Assiut University students immediately and 2 years after the revolution. Participants and methods Phase 1 (immediately after th...
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Measuring health-related quality of life in children with chronic medical conditions: reliability and validity of the Arabic version of PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales
Conclusion The Arabic version of the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales proved to be understandable and feasible to use. It showed good reliability for healthy and children with chronic medical conditions and their parents. It also shows good construct and discriminant validity properties in this setting, making this instrument suitable for research and clinical use in the Egyptian setting. The results also demonstrate the effects of pediatric chronic conditions on patient health-related quality of life across disease clusters. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Internet Gaming Disorder Scale: Arabic version validation
Background and aim The aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Arabic version of the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale (IGD Scale). The original version was developed to measure IGD on the basis of the proposed nine criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5). Individuals and methods The scale had been adapted into Arabic. The two versions were compared by experts to ensure their consistency and then the two versions were administered to bilingual individuals who played internet games. Then, the Arabic version was distributed among 204 university studen...
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Assessment of cognitive functions in the euthymic phase in patients with bipolar I disorder attending the outpatient clinic of Assiut University Hospital
Conclusions and recommendations Persistence of impairment of cognitive functions during the euthymic phase in bipolar disorder patients that need attention during their psychiatric assessment. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Assessment of cognitive functions in tramadol-dependent patients
Background Tramadol is a synthetic opioid analgesic that acts mainly on the µ-opioid receptors with less activity on norepinephrine and serotonin by reuptake inhibition. In the last decade, tramadol addiction presents an increasing medical and legal crisis in Egypt. Objective Few works in the literature studied the cognitive profile in tramadol-dependent patients without focusing on prolonged duration of dependence or on its use in high doses. Patients and methods The present work studied the cognitive functions in 30 tramadol-dependent patients in comparison to 30 healthy cross-matching controls regarding sh...
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Psychiatry forecast: hopefully sunny
No abstract available (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - January 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Impact of primary nocturnal enuresis on the quality of life in Egyptian mothers: a case–control study
Conclusion Mothers of children with NE experience more severe depression and anxiety compared with mothers of children without NE. The severity of anxiety correlates significantly with quality-of-life measures. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioral group therapy on a sample of obese female patients with binge-eating disorder: Egyptian study
Conclusion Cognitive behavioral group therapy showed effectiveness in improvement of self-esteem with less concerns about weight, shape, eating, and dietary restraint. Reduced frequency of binge eating episodes and less psychological distress were also areas of efficacy with no change in BMI. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Relationship of serum interleukin-6 and cognitive functions in patients with schizophrenia, a case–control study
Conclusion Patients with schizophrenia have higher levels of serum IL-6. They show poorer cognitive performance in the domains of sustained attention, verbal and visual working memory, processing speed and executive functions, and visual memory deficits. There is a correlation between serum IL-6 and visual memory deficits in patients with schizophrenia. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Obsessive compulsive symptoms in schizophrenia
Conclusion OCS and OCD are more common and more severe in schizophrenic patients than in general population. The global functioning is worse in the schizophrenic patients with OCD than in those patients without OCD. Moreover, serotonin dysfunction may be involved in various mental disorder- related OCS. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Sexual dysfunctions in drug-naive male patients with first-episode schizophrenia: a case–control study
Conclusion The prevalence of sexual dysfunction in psychotropic drug-naive male patients with first-episode schizophrenia was generally high and would suggest that sexual dysfunction is an integral part of the development of illness and unlikely to be related to the prolactin-increasing properties of the antipsychotic medication. The study also concludes that greater symptom severity in the patient group was associated with greater impairment in sexual function. Therefore, sexual assessment should be a part of every psychiatric examination. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

The assessment of sexuality and sex hormone levels in a group of synthetic opioid-dependent patients
Conclusion According to our study, it was shown that there was an effect of synthetic opioid dependency not only on the sexual functions of dependent men, including their erectile function, sexual orgasm, and desire, and their level of sexual esteem in which they experience low sexual esteem and low sexual preoccupation and high sexual depression compared with nondependent men but also on the level of their testosterone levels especially and high prolactin, which inhibit their sexual desire compared with nondependent men. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in patients with mood disorders
Conclusion The prevalence of the MetS among BDs patients is high (37.6%). Although this study found that the prevalence of MetS in BDs patients was according to ATP III (24.8%), it is increased when ATP III-A (35.0%) and International Diabetes Federation (36.3%) were taken into account. There are statistically significant differences between patients with MetS and those without MetS as regards age and duration of the illness. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

A longitudinal study of psychiatric consequences of hepatitis C virus patients receiving interferon therapy
This study aimed to identify the possible psychiatric complications in patients infected chronically with HCV and follow up these complications on treatment with pegylated IFN plus ribavirin. Patients and methods This is a longitudinal follow-up, comparative (case–control) study conducted on 90 patients, all of whom were subjected to a semistructured interview, psychometric assessment by International Classification of Diseases-10 Symptom Checklist for Mental Disorder version 1.1 for psychiatric evaluation, laboratory investigations to exclude decompensate liver cases, liver biopsy, and abdominal ultrasonography. ...
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Impact of primary nocturnal enuresis on the quality of life in Egyptian mothers: a case–control study
Conclusion: Mothers of children with NE experience more severe depression and anxiety compared with mothers of children without NE. The severity of anxiety correlates significantly with quality-of-life measures. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioral group therapy on a sample of obese female patients with binge-eating disorder: Egyptian study
Conclusion: Cognitive behavioral group therapy showed effectiveness in improvement of self-esteem with less concerns about weight, shape, eating, and dietary restraint. Reduced frequency of binge eating episodes and less psychological distress were also areas of efficacy with no change in BMI. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Relationship of serum interleukin-6 and cognitive functions in patients with schizophrenia, a case–control study
Conclusion: Patients with schizophrenia have higher levels of serum IL-6. They show poorer cognitive performance in the domains of sustained attention, verbal and visual working memory, processing speed and executive functions, and visual memory deficits. There is a correlation between serum IL-6 and visual memory deficits in patients with schizophrenia. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Obsessive compulsive symptoms in schizophrenia
Conclusion: OCS and OCD are more common and more severe in schizophrenic patients than in general population. The global functioning is worse in the schizophrenic patients with OCD than in those patients without OCD. Moreover, serotonin dysfunction may be involved in various mental disorder- related OCS. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

Sexual dysfunctions in drug-naive male patients with first-episode schizophrenia: a case–control study
Conclusion: The prevalence of sexual dysfunction in psychotropic drug-naive male patients with first-episode schizophrenia was generally high and would suggest that sexual dysfunction is an integral part of the development of illness and unlikely to be related to the prolactin-increasing properties of the antipsychotic medication. The study also concludes that greater symptom severity in the patient group was associated with greater impairment in sexual function. Therefore, sexual assessment should be a part of every psychiatric examination. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research

The assessment of sexuality and sex hormone levels in a group of synthetic opioid-dependent patients
Conclusion: According to our study, it was shown that there was an effect of synthetic opioid dependency not only on the sexual functions of dependent men, including their erectile function, sexual orgasm, and desire, and their level of sexual esteem in which they experience low sexual esteem and low sexual preoccupation and high sexual depression compared with nondependent men but also on the level of their testosterone levels especially and high prolactin, which inhibit their sexual desire compared with nondependent men. (Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry)
Source: Middle East Current Psychiatry - October 1, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original articles Source Type: research