Pneumocephalus after orbital decompression surgery for thyroid eye disease
We reported a 49-year-old man who presented with CSF leakage after transcaruncular medial wall decompression for proptosis due to thyroid eye disease. He underwent an endoscopic endonasal approach to surgical repair of the defect with nasoseptal flap. Rhinorrhea was stopped immediately after endoscopic repair. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Hossein Ghahvehchian Seyyed M Sadrhosseini Masoud A Fard Source Type: research

Optical coherence tomography angiography and multifocal electroretinogram findings in paracentral acute middle maculopathy
Ourania Fydanaki, Tryfonas Rotsos, Osama Giasin, Dimitrios Papakonstantinou, Konstantinos AndreanosMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 27(2):139-141 Paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) is an optical coherence tomography (OCT) finding seen in patients with retinal capillary ischemia. In this case report, we present a case of PAMM after a transient central retinal artery occlusion and the multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) and other multimodal imaging findings. Clinical examination, OCT angiography, OCT en face, fluorescein angiography, and visual fields were performed at the baseline and follow-up e...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Ourania Fydanaki Tryfonas Rotsos Osama Giasin Dimitrios Papakonstantinou Konstantinos Andreanos Source Type: research

Multimodal imaging of nodular posterior scleritis: Case report and review of the literature
Waleed K Alsarhani, Ahmed M Abu El-AsrarMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 27(2):134-138 Nodular posterior scleritis represents a small percentage of all cases of posterior scleritis. Because of the scarcity of nodular posterior scleritis, it may be confused or even misdiagnosed as an intraocular tumor or posterior uveitis. Here, we are reporting a case of nodular posterior scleritis in a 25-year-old medically free male. Furthermore, we reviewed previously reported cases of nodular posterior scleritis. Our patient presented with a choroidal mass of about one disc diameter in size. In addition, the patient h...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Waleed K Alsarhani Ahmed M Abu El-Asrar Source Type: research

Central retinal vein prethrombosis secondary to retinal vasculitis: Early detection and treatment
Piergiacomo Grassi, Caterina NaclerioMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 27(2):131-133 The aim was to report a case of central retinal vein prethrombosis (CRVP), responsive to systemic steroids. An 18-year-old male presented with right sudden blurred vision and central scotoma for 2 days. Right best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measured 6/36, and fundoscopy revealed vascular congestion and blurred disc margins. Fluorescein angiography (FA) showed CRVP secondary to retinal vasculitis. Systemic oral prednisone was started. Six months later, right BCVA was 6/6, FA showed reduced vascular congestion, and retin...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Piergiacomo Grassi Caterina Naclerio Source Type: research

Foveal congenital simple hamartoma of retinal pigment epithelium: A report of two cases
We report two cases with foveal congenital simple hamartoma of the retinal pigment epithelium (CSHRPE), as both patients presented to our retina services complaining of a unilateral decreased vision. Full ophthalmic examination and multimodal imaging were performed including fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence, optical coherence tomography, fluorescein angiography, and electrophysiological testing. Both patients presented with 20/80 vision in the affected eyes. Foveal CSHRPE was found in both eyes, along with parapapillary hyperpigmented rim, multiple pinpoint macular lesions, and few posterior pole hyperpigmented ...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Abdulrahman H Badawi Moustafa Magliyah Khalid Allam Yahya A Alzahrani Source Type: research

Recurrence of intermittent exotropia after bilateral lateral rectus recession
CONCLUSIONS: The recurrence rate of XT in our study was 43.9%; it was increased in patients operated at older age and amid those with significant exotropia detected in the early postoperative period (within 3 months of surgery). (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Christiane Al-Haddad Karine Ismail Rana Houry Samia Al Sayyid Zeinab El Moussawi Source Type: research

Inferior oblique overaction: The results of myectomy in cases with a primary position vertical deviation less and more than 20 prism diopters
CONCLUSIONS: Myectomy is an effective surgical procedure that can be easily and quickly performed in inferior oblique overaction cases and has high success rates in cases with a small-to-moderate angle of deviation. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Nazife Sefi-Yurdakul Volkan Gucyetmez Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes of silk versus nylon sutures for suturing of conjunctival autograft in pterygium surgery
CONCLUSION: Both silk and nylon are effective suture materials for autograft suturing in pterygium surgery with similar postoperative discomfort and recurrence rate. Significantly greater number of nylon sutures remains buried on the autograft and could not be removed easily. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Hossein Jamali Mostafa Abuali Mohammad R Khalili Source Type: research

Incidence and risk factors for retinopathy of prematurity in Tabuk city, KSA
CONCLUSION: ROP is common in King Khalid Hospital, which is the referral tertiary hospital in Tabuk city, KSA . The low birth weight is a significant risk factor to develop ROP. Many of ROP cases were sightthreatening (cases that required treatment) and most cases involving both eyes. Treatment availability at Tabuk city is recommended, instead of referral to another centers especially among those with low weight at birth. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Hani B AlBalawi Nada S AlBalawi Nada A AlSuhaimi Amani A AlBalawi Amani S AlAtawi Hyder O Mirghani Hassan A Al-Dhibi Saad H AlEnezi Source Type: research

Anatomical and visual outcomes of scleral buckling surgery in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment
CONCLUSION: Scleral buckling procedure showed high structural and visual success rates, improvement of visual acuity was found to correlate well with the shorter duration of macular detachment and pseudophakic eyes. We believe that scleral buckling, when done appropriately in the appropriate cases, gives the maximum visual outcome with the least cost and need for consecutive procedures. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Raj K Sharma Mohammad T Akkawi Mohammad M Shehadeh Ammar A Aghbar Jamal Qaddumi Source Type: research

The muranga teleophthalmology study: A comparison of virtual (teleretina) assessment with in-person clinical examination to diagnose diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration in kenya
CONCLUSION: When comparing TR assessments to clinical slit lamp examinations to diagnose DR and AMD, there was a fair agreement. Although further validation is needed, the TR approach provides a promising method to diagnose DR and AMD, two major causes of ocular impairment worldwide. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Keean Nanji Irfan N Kherani Karim F Damji Muindi Nyenze Dan Kiage Matthew T Tennant Source Type: research

Electronegative electroretinograms in the United Arab Emirates
CONCLUSIONS: In this series of Emirati patients, an electronegative ERG was most commonly associated with the inherited retinal diseases recessive CSNB and XLRS. An electronegative ERG was noted in a case of NRL-related ESCS. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Abar K Alsalamah Arif O Khan Source Type: research

Effect of 2019 coronavirus pandemic on ophthalmologists practicing in Saudi Arabia: A psychological health assessment
CONCLUSIONS: Ophthalmologists' psychological needs, females in particular, should be addressed appropriately during the COVID-19 pandemic. Establishing psychological support units, especially for high-risk individuals, should be considered to minimize psychological adverse effects. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Abdullah I Almater Mohannad F Tobaigy Afnan S Younis Meshal K Alaqeel Marwan A Abouammoh Source Type: research

Guidelines and recommendations for tonometry use during the COVID-19 era
Enmar M Almazyad, Sally Ameen, Mohammad A Khan, Rizwan MalikMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 27(2):73-78 The novel coronavirus disease COVID-19 caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has resulted in a substantial change in eye care and clinical practice. There has been conflicting information and weak evidence on the virus's transmission through tears. Yet, virus detection on cornea and conjunctiva surface as a gateway for infection is not well-studied. Moreover, there have been no reported cases of SARS-CoV-2 transmission through tonometry to date. Thus, this uncertain...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Enmar M Almazyad Sally Ameen Mohammad A Khan Rizwan Malik Source Type: research

Perspective on intraocular surgeries in the era of coronavirus disease-19
Enmar M Almazyad, Adel G AlAkeelyMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 27(2):69-72 (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - July 20, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Enmar M Almazyad Adel G AlAkeely Source Type: research

Frontal bone infarctions masquerading as bilateral orbital cellulitis in a patient with sickle cell disease
We report the appearance of orbital bone infarction intraoperatively in the case of an 18-year-old Saudi male patient who has been diagnosed with SCD and presented with severe headaches and generalized body aches. He was admitted with a case of SCD with acute VOC and started on the hospital sickle cell protocol. During the admission, the patient developed bilateral periorbital swelling and left inferior dystopia secondary to bilateral frontoparietal bone infarction, which was evident on the magnetic resonance imaging. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Abdulaziz I Al Somali Halah S Bin Helayel Saeed A Jubran Jumana T Hariri Hala M Nassim Ali Source Type: research

An unusual case of solitary idiopathic pigmented vitreous cyst
We describe a rare case of idiopathic pigmented vitreous cyst with no persistent hyaloid artery or connection between the cyst and the ocular structures. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Aditya Sethi Parul Lokwani Vaibhav Sethi Sahebaan Sethi Arun Sethi Reena Sethi Source Type: research

Corneal thinning induced by self-administered alum substance: A case report and analysis of the active components
We report a case of severe ocular injury and impaired vision after self-administration of alum. A 56-year-old female administered an alum substance in the left eye and experienced severe corneal thinning, a scar, and decreased vision. The active compounds in the alum substance were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy. When topically administered, alum may cause severe ocular injury. Public awareness, early recognition of the injuries, and timely intervention may prevent permanent ocular damage. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Huda Al-Ghadeer Mohammed Al-Amry Source Type: research

Spontaneous resolution of foveal sub-internal limiting membrane hemorrhage with excellent visual and anatomical outcome in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia
Osama Saeed Alamri, Raed Eid Alsulami, Bader Saad Alqahtani, Abdullah AlqahtaniMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 27(1):56-58 Sub-internal limiting membrane (sub-ILM) hemorrhage is a distinct type of retinal hemorrhage in which the blood accumulates between ILM and nerve fiber layer. Little is known about visual prognosis as well as ideal management of foveal sub-ILM hemorrhage in patients with acute leukemia. Herein, we presented a case of acute myeloid leukemia with foveal sub-ILM hemorrhage. Observation alone resulted in complete resolution of hemorrhage with good visual and anatomical outcome. (Source: ...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Osama Saeed Alamri Raed Eid Alsulami Bader Saad Alqahtani Abdullah Alqahtani Source Type: research

Managing challenges of phacoemulsification in vitrectomized eyes: A new technique
CONCLUSION: Challenges of phacoemulsification in vitrectomized eyes can be prevented by a simple titrated intraoperative injection of BSS intravitreally through pars plana. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Saleh A Al Amro Source Type: research

Intraoperative evaluation of phacoemulsification cataract surgery with and without the use of ophthalmic viscosurgical devices
CONCLUSIONS: OVD-less phacoemulsification surgery is a safe and effective technique for treating age-related cataracts that requires no additional instrumentation and saves the cost of the OVD. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Rajesh Subhash Joshi Sanoja Rangnath Naik Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of ahmed valve on intractable glaucoma in Saudi population
CONCLUSIONS: Ahmed glaucoma valve implant was safe and effective in treating cases of intractable glaucoma. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Essam A Osman Norah F Alkheraiji Mohammad A Abouammoh Ahmed Mousa Saleh Al-Obeidan Source Type: research

Optic disc pit maculopathy & #8211; case series, clinical approach, and management
CONCLUSION: ODP maculopathy remains a challenging clinical entity for a vitreoretinal surgeon. The current management for ODP maculopathy involves surgical procedures with PPV being a common treatment of choice. Spontaneous resolution of ODP maculopathy has also been reported. Our study highlights the contrasting management that can be adopted in the treatment of ODP maculopathy, and there is not one definite treatment for this condition. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Dimitrios Kalogeropoulos Soon Wai Ch & #39;ng Rynn Lee Ibrahim Elaraoud Vinaya Felicida Maninee Purohit Maggie Mathew Naduviledeth Ajith-Kumar Ash Sharma Arijit Mitra Source Type: research

Ocular alterations associated with primary congenital heart disease & #8211; A cross-sectional study
CONCLUSION: Children under the age of 15 years old with primary CHD have a high prevalence of ocular alterations, with external ocular and retinal manifestations, with higher occurrence rate among cyanotic cases. This leads us to strongly recommend the performance of a complete ophthalmological examination in such cases. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Manuel A P. Vilela Carina G Colossi Henrique P Freitas Giulia Del Valle L & #250;cia C Source Type: research

A comparison of lower eyelid retraction in normal individuals with positive versus negative orbital vector
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of LER and scleral show is positively correlated with the extent of proptosis and negatively correlated with orbital vector angle. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Mohammad Taher Rajabi Minoo Malmir Raziyeh Mahmoudzadeh Mirataollah Salabati Seyed Ziaeddin Tabatabaie Mohammad Bagher Rajabi Seyedeh Simindokht Hosseini Source Type: research

Pilot audit of trichiasis surgery outcomes using a mobile app in the Republic of Chad
CONCLUSIONS: The simple, easy-to-use, and low-cost mobile auditing mechanism is a practical solution for conducting surgical audits in remote and resource-limited settings and is undergoing national scale-up by the Chadian trachoma elimination program. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Dezoumbe Djore Djada Djibrine Abdelkerim Bouka Ali Harba Tyau Doniphan Hiron Barka Kali Jean-Eudes Biao Jer & #244;me Bernasconi Karim Bengra & #239;ne Serge Resnikoff Source Type: research

Comparison of intraocular pressure changes due to exposure to mobile phone electromagnetics radiations in normal and glaucoma eye
CONCLUSION: We found that the acute effects of EMWs emitted from the mobile phones can significantly increase the IOP in glaucoma eye, while such changes were not observed in normal eyes. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Saeed Shokoohi-Rad Mohammad-Rez Ansari Fatemeh Sabzi Rahim Saffari Parisa Rajaei Farshid Karimi Source Type: research

Updated systematic review and clinical spectrum of peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy
Abdulrahman H Badawi, Valmore A Semidey, Moustafa Magliyah, Hassan Al-DhibiMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 27(1):4-9 Peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy (PEHCR) is a rare retinal vasculopathy that might cause subretinal and/or vitreous hemorrhages. Although the primary etiology is still unknown, choroidal neovascularization is mainly involved in the pathogenesis. The main risk factors are age and systemic hypertension. Ancillary testing such as fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography and ultrasonography can be of great value for diagnosing this entity and distinguishing PEHC...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Abdulrahman H Badawi Valmore A Semidey Moustafa Magliyah Hassan Al-Dhibi Source Type: research

Keeping an eye on COVID-19: An ophthalmologist & #39;s perspective
Abdullah S Al-MujainiMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2020 27(1):1-3 (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - April 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Abdullah S Al-Mujaini Source Type: research

Variable presentations of peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy
Wael A Alsakran, Abdulaziz A Alshamrani, Yahya A AlzahraniMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 26(4):253-256 Three cases of peripheral exudative hemorrhagic chorioretinopathy (PEHCR), which mimicked other retinal pathologies, were reported. Different preliminary diagnoses were made initially, but thorough examination combined with the appropriate investigations led to the final diagnosis of PEHCR. Despite the rare occurrence of PEHCR, it must be included in the differential diagnosis for peripheral retinal diseases. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Wael A Alsakran Abdulaziz A Alshamrani Yahya A Alzahrani Source Type: research

Retinopathy and uveitis in congenital generalized lipodystrophy with hypertriglyceridemia and uncontrolled diabetes (Berardinelli & #8211;Seip Syndrome)
Khaled A Rubaie, Hussein Raef, Donald U Stone, Igor KozakMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 26(4):250-252 Congenital lipodystrophy syndromes are characterized by a paucity of adipose tissue and are associated with metabolic abnormalities including insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, and severe hypertriglyceridemia. Herein, we present a case of proliferative diabetic retinopathy with an attack of anterior uveitis in a young female with congenital generalized lipodystrophy – Berardinelli-Seip syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of ocular involvement in Berardinelli&#...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Khaled A Rubaie Hussein Raef Donald U Stone Igor Kozak Source Type: research

Perioperative use of rho-kinase inhibitors has beneficial effect on corneal endothelium after phacoemulsification
CONCLUSION: Perioperative ROCK inhibitor use has a possible protective effect on corneal endothelium. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Majed Alkharashi Omar AlAbbasi Moustafa Magliyah Source Type: research

Natural honey-induced Acanthamoeba keratitis
Alireza Peyman, Mohsen Pourazizi, Mohammadreza Peyman, Farzan KianersiMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 26(4):243-245 Natural honey in spite of its usefulness is known to contain certain microorganisms. In the present study, we describe a case of Acanthamoeba keratitis after using topical honey administered by a traditional medicine therapist. A 32-year-old male came with red eye and blurred vision. The pain and other symptoms became more severe after the 1st week, with appearance of radial perineuritis at the cornea. A repeated interview revealed that 1 week before appearance of ocular symptoms, the patie...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Alireza Peyman Mohsen Pourazizi Mohammadreza Peyman Farzan Kianersi Source Type: research

Cilioretinal artery branch avulsion secondary to surgical embolectomy: Management and outcome
We report the trans-operative approach and short-term outcome of a patient who suffered a traumatic avulsion of the cilioretinal artery branch during the surgical management of a cilioretinal arterial branch occlusion (CRABO) with intraocular embolectomy. A patient with acute CRABO underwent a pars plana vitrectomy with in situ embolectomy. The blocked artery was incised using 25 gauge vertical scissors, and embolus manipulation was done using microsurgical forceps. During embolus extraction, the occluded cilioretinal artery and its branch were inadvertently avulsed and torn with subsequent intense bleeding. Laser and endo...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Sergio E Hernandez-Da Mota Gerardo Garcia-Aguirre Raul Velez-Montoya Source Type: research

Retinopathy of Prematurity Incidence and Risk Factors in a Tertiary Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
CONCLUSION: The incidence of ROP in our study falls in the range of incidence in developing countries. The low BW and small GA were the most significant risk factors. Furthermore, it is also recommended to control the amount and duration of O2therapy to as little as needed. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Bader Al-Qahtani Mohammed Al-Otaibi Khaled Alabdulajabbar Nawaf Bin Selayem Waleed Alshehri Aamir Omair Saif Alsaif Source Type: research

Real-world retrospective consecutive study of ab interno XEN 45 gel stent implant with mitomycin C in black and afro-latino patients with glaucoma: 40 & #37; required secondary glaucoma surgery at 1 year
CONCLUSIONS: The ab interno XEN gel implant as a standalone procedure or combined with cataract surgery demonstrated a safe and sustained IOP reduction for only 60% of patients after 12 months. In Black and Afro-Latino patients receiving the ab interno XEN implant, 40% of patients needed additional surgery within 12 months. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Daniel Laroche Gideon Nkrumah Chester Ng Source Type: research

Outcomes and determinants of posterior dislocated intraocular lens management at a tertiary eye hospital in central Saudi Arabia
CONCLUSION: The management of the dislocation of IOL had promising visual outcomes. Glaucoma and early dislocation predict poor vision after dislocated IOL management. Close monitoring is needed to manage complications. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Mohammad A Hazzazi Saba Al Rashaed Source Type: research

Making blind children see: Impact of correcting moderate and severe visual impairment in schools for the blind
CONCLUSION: A significant proportion of students in schools for the blind can be helped to improving vision function using optical aids. Students in schools for the blind, nay all visually impaired individuals, need periodic ocular examination and ophthalmic care. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Parikshit M Gogate Tonmoy Chottopadhyay Hardeep Kaur Sravanthi Narayandas Supriya Phadke Meena Kharat Ashok Dhangar Minaj Inamdar Akshay Badkere Rohit C Khanna Source Type: research

Prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients presenting to a tertiary eye hospital in Nepal
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of DR among patients with DM was 19.4%, which is lower than previously published estimates. However, among patients diagnosed with DR, over half presented with a vision-threatening complication warranting some measure of initial treatment. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Govinda Paudyal Mohan K Shrestha Manish Poudel Geoffrey C Tabin Sanduk Ruit Benjamin J Thomas Source Type: research

Investigation of CYP1B1 gene involvement in primary congenital glaucoma in Iraqi children
CONCLUSIONS: CYP1B1 mutation (G61E) is considered as PCG-related allele in the Iraqi population. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Suzanne Jubair Salwa H N. Al-Rubae & #39;i Ali N M. Al-Sharifi Ahmed Abdul Jabbar Suleiman Source Type: research

The effect of a reminder short message service on the uptake of glaucoma screening by first-degree relatives of glaucoma patients: A randomized controlled trial
CONCLUSION: A reminder text message is not an effective tool for increasing the uptake of glaucoma screening in at-risk individuals in North-central Nigeria. Existing barriers to health care in the country need to be addressed before mobile phone technology can be effectively used in increasing the utilization of any free eye screening service. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Dora K Salihu Olukorede O Adenuga Patricia D Wade Source Type: research

Pediatric diabetic retinopathy: Experience of a tertiary hospital in Oman
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study describing DR among the pediatric age group in Oman. This study reveals a relatively low prevalence of DR and maculopathy among the pediatric diabetic population. However, novel strategies are to be adopted at primary levels to achieve timely screening of diabetic children to enhance the early detection of DR. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Puspalata Agroiya Abdul Hakeem Alrawahi Source Type: research

Efficacy of Br & #252;ckner & #39;s test for screening of refractive errors by non-ophthalmologist versus ophthalmologist: A comparative study
CONCLUSION: Brückner's test is simple, quick, reliable, and easy to administer on children of all age groups that can provide information about the presence of refractive errors by using a coaxial light source such as direct ophthalmoscope. The application of this test by training primary care providers would be of immense value in the early identification of refractive errors. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - January 29, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: AR Rajalakshmi M Rajeshwari Source Type: research

Unilateral malignant glaucoma postbilateral implantable collamer lens: Effect of miotics
Wassef A Chanbour, Carole G Cherfan, Elias F Jarade, Johnny M KhouryMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 26(3):181-183 An implantable collamer lens® (ICL) V4c model (STAAR Surgical, Monrovia, CA, USA) was placed in the eye of a 31-year-old male patient with high myopia followed by the development of malignant glaucoma. After failing medical treatment for 5 days, a noncomplicated pars plana vitrectomy and anterior hyaloidectomy succeeded in breaking the aqueous misdirection. Sixteen months later, intraoperative miotics were purposefully withheld from the ICL surgery in the fellow eye and malignant glaucom...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - September 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Wassef A Chanbour Carole G Cherfan Elias F Jarade Johnny M Khoury Source Type: research

Multicolor imaging characteristics of Best & #39;s vitelliform macular dystrophy
Kumar Saurabh, Rupak Roy, Nicey Roy ThomasMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 26(3):178-180 A 40-year-old woman presented with vitellieruptive stage of Best's vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD) in the right eye and pseudohypopyon stage in the left eye. She underwent comprehensive ophthalmic examination and fundus imaging using multicolor (MC) imaging technology of Spectralis (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany) spectral-domain-optical coherence tomography system. Composite MC imaging revealed larger area of retinal pigment epithelium atrophy in vitellierruptive stage of the disease in the righ...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - September 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Kumar Saurabh Rupak Roy Nicey Roy Thomas Source Type: research

Delayed orbital emphysema mimicking orbital cellulitis: An uncommon complication of dental surgery
Jessica R Chang, Fatemeh Rajaii, Timothy J McCulleyMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 26(3):175-177 A 79-year-old man presented to the ophthalmology clinic with acute-onset left orbital and periorbital swelling, 6 days following surgery to revise a zygomatic implant to anchor his dentures. On evaluation, there was left eye proptosis with ipsilateral facial crepitus. Emphysema was confirmed on computed tomography. With visual function and motility remaining intact, he was observed without intervention. Within 2 weeks, his evaluation returned to baseline. Periorbital emphysema is a rare complication of dental...
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - September 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Jessica R Chang Fatemeh Rajaii Timothy J McCulley Source Type: research

Carunclar mass as the presenting sign of primary orbital liposarcoma
This study aims to report a case of primary orbital liposarcoma which presented as caruncle mass. A 45-year-old woman presented to our hospital to evaluate the bumpiness of the caruncle in her left eye. A yellowish nodule , which was firmly attached to the sclera , was seen in the caruncle area and seemed to extend into the orbit. Incisional biopsy revealed myxoid liposarcoma She denied further evaluation and came back with enlarged mass after one year .She underwent lid-sparing exentration and was free of recurrence for 5 years. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - September 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Reza Nabie Monireh Halimi Erfan Bahramani Banafsheh Kharrazi Ghadim Source Type: research

Use of fibrin glue in the management of Descemet membrane perforation during deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty
CONCLUSION: Fibrin glue is an effective method to seal DM microperforations and macroperforations during DALK, which reduces the rate of conversion to penetrating keratoplasty (PK), preserving the advantage of DALK over PK. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - September 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Saad S Alharbi Ahmad Alameer Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of a novel blunt cannula trans-sub-Tenon & #39;s retrobulbar block for vitreoretinal surgery
CONCLUSION: Intentionally extending a STB into the retrobulbar space, via a TSTRB fenestration utilizes a familiar skill set. TSTRB produced the best levels of reduced kinesia during surgery and increased duration of postoperative analgesia. The technique uses a small-volume anesthesia. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - September 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tafadzwa Young-Zvasara Johanna Winder Sidath Wijetilleka Laurie Wheeler Roger Mcpherson Source Type: research

Visual outcome of preterm infants screened in a tertiary care hospital
CONCLUSIONS: Ophthalmological morbidities in premature infants such as refractive errors and strabismus are high in addition to complications like ROP. The incidence of these conditions is more in infants with ROP when compared to non-ROP group. (Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology)
Source: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology - September 30, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Anuja Sathar Shanavas Abbas Zinia T Nujum Jasmin L Benson Girijadevi P Sreedevi Sobha K Saraswathyamma Source Type: research