Contributors
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Preface
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Charles S. Pavia, Volker Gurtler (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 1 - Introduction to immunological techniques in the clinical laboratory
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Tony A. Slieman, Joerg Leheste (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 2 - Combining antigen detection and serology for the diagnosis of selected infectious diseases
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Maria M. Plummer, Charles S. Pavia (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 3 - Immunologic detection of Lyme disease and the related borrelioses
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Charles S. Pavia (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 4 - Immunodetection of bacteria causing brucellosis
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Sukhadeo B. Barbuddhe, Jess Vergis, Deepak B. Rawool (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 5 - Immunological and molecular techniques used for determination of serotypes in Pasteurellaceae
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Henrik Christensen, Janine Bossé, Øystein Angen, Niels Nørskov-Lauritsen, Magne Bisgaard (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 6 - Immunological tests for diarrhoea caused by diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli targeting their main virulence factors
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Roxane M.F. Piazza, Bruna A. Caetano, Camila P. Henrique, Daniela Luz, Danielle D. Munhoz, Juliana M. Polatto, Letícia B. Rocha, Miriam A. Silva, Thais Mitsunari (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 7 - Development and improvement of a colony blot immunoassay for the detection of thermotolerant Campylobacter species
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Hongsheng Huang, Philippe Raymond, Chris Grenier, Jessica Fahey (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 8 - Serodiagnosis of Strongyloides stercoralis infection
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Rahmah Noordin, Norsyahida Arifin, Dinesh Balachandra, Hussain Ahmad (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 9 - Immunological detection of Zika virus: A summary in the context of general viral diagnostics
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Rebecca Peters, Mario Stevenson (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 10 - Detection of microorganisms using recombinase polymerase amplification with lateral flow dipsticks
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Yuhang Zhang, Jinqiang Hu, Qingmei Li, Junqing Guo, Gaiping Zhang (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 11 - Detection of microorganisms with lateral flow test strips
Publication date: 2020Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 47Author(s): Tatsuya Tominaga, Masaharu Ishii (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 29, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Detection of microorganisms using recombinase polymerase amplification with lateral flow dipsticks
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Yuhang Zhang, Jinqiang Hu, Qingmei Li, Junqing Guo, Gaiping Zhang (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 24, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Immunological and molecular techniques used for determination of serotypes in Pasteurellaceae
Publication date: Available online 16 April 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Henrik Christensen, Janine Bossé, Øystein Angen, Niels Nørskov-Lauritsen, Magne Bisgaard (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 17, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Introduction to immunological techniques in the clinical laboratory
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Tony A. Slieman, Joerg LehesteAbstractThe field of immunology has exponentially expanded in the last few decades. This has much to do with the recent mapping effort of the human microbiome and discoveries of crosstalk, symbiosis, opportunism and disease. Along with a better understanding of the relationship between the human host and its microbiome, powerful immunodiagnostic techniques have been developed that have revolutionized clinical analysis laboratory medicine, including the study of microbial detection. In this introductory ...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - January 26, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Immunological detection of Zika virus: A summary in the context of general viral diagnostics
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Rebecca Peters, Mario StevensonAbstractZika virus (ZIKV) captured mass public attention in 2014–16 due to its potentially devastating teratogenic effects in unborn babies. Although recent years show a decline in disease activity as ZIKV settles into endemic New World cycles, the significant challenges that originally complicated its diagnosis remain, and linkages to foetal microcephaly make safe, accurate, and timely detection especially important. The present chapter seeks to define current direct and indirect immunological d...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - January 21, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Combining antigen detection and serology for the diagnosis of selected infectious diseases
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Maria M. Plummer, Charles S. PaviaAbstractImmunoassay detection of specific antigens and host-produced antibodies directed against such antigens constitute two of the most widely used and successful methods for diagnosing infectious diseases and many of the non-infectious autoimmune disorders. We will be reviewing some of the epidemiology, microbiology, and clinical aspects of selected organisms and discuss their diagnosis by describing some of the major antigen detection systems and serologic techniques available to health care pro...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - January 21, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Development and improvement of a colony blot immunoassay for the detection of thermotolerant Campylobacter species
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Hongsheng Huang, Philippe Raymond, Chris Grenier, Jessica FaheyAbstractCampylobacter species, particularly thermotolerant Campylobacter spp., such as C. jejuni, are major human foodborne pathogens worldwide. Culture methods are routinely used for the detection of this organism. Campylobacter-like colonies can be difficult to identify on agar plates overgrown with competitive bacteria. An alternative, simple and rapid confirmation testing without further tedious biochemical tests would be useful. Previously we developed a colony blot...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - January 18, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Detection of microorganisms with lateral flow test strips
Publication date: Available online 8 January 2020Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Tatsuya Tominaga, Masaharu IshiiAbstractThe intake of foodborne pathogens causes serious health problems such as diarrhoea and vomiting. The spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which often occurs via food, has becomes a global problem. Rapid detection of bacteria in food is crucial to prevent such fortuities. Lateral flow immunochromatographic assay (LFIA) has become popular as a method that can detect a target on-site using a strip. This chapter provides an overview of the recent research trends in LFIA, i.e., improvement of se...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - January 10, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Immunologic detection of Lyme disease and the related borrelioses
Publication date: Available online 31 December 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Charles S. PaviaAbstractLyme disease and the relapsing fever borrelioses are caused by spirochetal bacteria belonging to the genus Borrelia. They have a partially restricted worldwide distribution depending upon their species. They are transmitted to people following exposure to the following arthropod vectors: ticks (for Lyme disease and endemic relapsing fever) and lice (for epidemic relapsing fever). Soon after a cutaneous infection becomes established, these spirochetes disseminate via the haematogenous route and are capable of...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - January 1, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Immunological tests for diarrhoea caused by diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli targeting their main virulence factors
Publication date: Available online 27 December 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Roxane M.F. Piazza, Bruna A. Caetano, Camila P. Henrique, Daniela Luz, Danielle D. Munhoz, Juliana M. Polatto, Letícia B. Rocha, Miriam A. Silva, Thais MitsunariAbstractGene detection does not assure the expression of the corresponding virulence factor. Therefore, the antibody-based assays comprise the largest group of rapid methods that can be employed for the detection of virulence factor production/secretion. For these antibody-based assays, polyclonal, monoclonal, or recombinant antibodies can be employed. Thus, this cha...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - December 29, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Serodiagnosis of Strongyloides stercoralis infection
Publication date: Available online 19 December 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Rahmah Noordin, Norsyahida Arifin, Dinesh Balachandra, Hussain AhmadAbstractStrongyloides stercoralis infection is an emerging healthcare problem worldwide due to the increasing number of migrant populations from endemic regions, transplantations, malignancies, and inflammatory conditions, coupled with advances in immunosuppressive therapies. The highly fatal hyperinfection should be prevented by testing at-risk people and symptomatic patients using reliable diagnostics. However, diagnosis of the infection is challenging since many...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - December 20, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Immunodetection of bacteria causing brucellosis
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Sukhadeo B. Barbuddhe, Jess Vergis, Deepak B. RawoolAbstractBrucellosis, caused by Brucella species, is a neglected, under reported and under recognized infection of worldwide distribution. Owing to its greater economic and zoonotic importance, control of brucellosis is a priority target set forth by the WHO and development agencies. The genus Brucella is comprised of 12 species. The four main species infecting humans and livestock populations include B. melitensis, B. abortus, B. suis, and B. canis. Brucellosis is a cause of acute...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - December 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Series Page
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Contributors
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Preface
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Volker Gurtler (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 1 - Introduction into nanotechnology and microbiology
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Andrew S Ball, Sayali Patil, Sarvesh SoniAbstractThe current chapter summaries the world of Microbiology and boom of Nanotechnology and how both the exciting fields come together to help men kind with various new applications in water, food, medical biology and immunology. Furthermore synthesis of nano materials utilising the potential of microorganisms also opens a newer avenue for ‘green’ synthesis. (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 2 - Nano-realm for point-of-care (POC) bacterial diagnostics
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Bandhan Chatterjee, Neeti Kalyani, Soonjyoti Das, Anjali Anand, Tarun Kumar SharmaAbstractThe omnipresence of bacterial pathogens poses a grave danger for human survival on earth, the spectre justified in periodical WHO reports, where bacterial borne diseases maintain their share of infamy, claiming the leading cause of mortality around the globe. Given the current status of therapeutic advances, many of these life endangering diseases can be cured if diagnosed accurately and on time. So, the onus of saving lives now leans more towards having timely...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 3 - Applications of nanotechnology in food microbiology
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Lily Jaiswal, Shiv Shankar, Jong-Whan RhimAbstractCurrently, the food packaging industry presents one of the fastest growing industries globally. One of the most serious concerns in the food packaging industry is reducing environmental burdens by reducing food packaging waste or replacing non-biodegradable plastic packaging materials with eco-friendly biopolymer-based packaging materials to ensure food safety and extend the shelf life of packaged food. The advent of nanotechnology has recently been applied to overcome these challenges of food and en...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 4 - The use of nanomaterials for the mitigation of pathogenic biofilm formation
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Aaron Elbourne, Vi Khanh Truong, Samuel Cheeseman, Piumie Rajapaksha, Sheeana Gangadoo, James Chapman, Russell J. CrawfordAbstractAntimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been identified as one of the greatest threats to human health (Boucher et al., 2009, Bush et al., 2011, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013, Neu, 1992, Spellberg et al., 2008). Unfortunately, the current rise in AMR has made biofilm-related infections a primary health-care concern, since these biofilms can no longer be effectively treated using conventional antibiotic metho...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 5 - Biocompatible in-situ gelling polymer hydrogels for treating ocular infection
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Manu Sharma, Ankita Deohra, Kakarla Raghava Reddy, Veera SadhuAbstractThe eye is a sensitive organ susceptible to bacterial as well as fungal acute and chronic infections. Commonly used conventional ocular dosage forms are solutions, drops, ointments, gels and suspensions. However, the small size of the ocular cavity, nasolacrimal drainage, precorneal elimination, conjunctival absorption and poor retention time compromises the ocular bioavailability of drugs and their therapeutic efficacy. The development of novel ophthalmic delivery systems suggest...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 6 - Applications of nanotechnology in agriculture
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Hemraj ChhipaAbstractExcess use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has shown negative impacts on soil health and environment. Chemical residues destroy the soil ecosystem by affecting the non-targeted organisms and decrease soil fertility simultaneously. To prevent such adversity in soil and environment, researchers have applied nanotechnology in agriculture. Nanotechnology is the rising technology of the current decade, which has shown promising results in controlling excess agri-inputs and maintaining environmental balance. The characteristics...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 7 - Use of nanotechnology in antimicrobial therapy
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Nitin Gupta, Divya Bharti Rai, Ashok Kumar Jangid, Hitesh KulhariAbstractNanotechnology has emerged as a tool for developing advanced therapies to control and combat infections. Antibiotic resistance and side effects are the latest challenges for development and application of available antimicrobials. Biocompatible nanomaterials confer potential strategies for preventing drug-resistance in microbes, basically by improving the therapeutic effect of current antimicrobial drugs. Nanotechnology-based carriers referred to as nanovehicles (NVs), have uni...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 8 - Lipid nanomaterials for the delivery of antimicrobial peptides
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Thomas G. Meikle, Jamie B. Strachan, Charlotte E. ConnAbstractIn light of growing concerns regarding wide-spread antibiotic resistance, antimicrobial peptides may present a much needed alternative to currently available therapeutics, with less potential for the development of resistance in target organisms. They demonstrate broad spectrum activity, often against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, as well as viruses and protozoa. These peptides are a subset of the larger pharmaceutical class of protein and peptide-based biopharmaceuticals...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 9 - Synthetic gutomics: Deciphering the microbial code for futuristic diagnosis and personalized medicine
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Pankaj Satapathy, Kounaina Khan, Aishwarya Tripurasundari Devi, Anirudh Gururaj Patil, Avinash Mirle Govindaraju, Shubha Gopal, Mysore Nagalingaswamy Nagendra Prasad, Veena Sunil More, Raghava Reddy Kakarla, Anjanapura V. Raghu, Shivaprasad Hudeda, Sunil Shivaji More, Farhan ZameerAbstractMicrobes exist in every type of environment and the human gut is no exception. These microbes play a very crucial role in health and metabolism. Synthetic Gutomics is an effort to describe the engineering of the gut microbiota for ameliorating human disorders. This...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 10 - Functionalized magnetic nanoparticles/biopolymer hybrids: Synthesis methods, properties and biomedical applications
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Kakarla Raghava Reddy, Pattubala Adinaraya Reddy, Chandragiri Venkata Reddy, Nagaraj P. Shetti, Bhatula Babu, Koutavarapu Ravindranadh, Muthukonda Venkatakrishnan Shankar, Madhava C. Reddy, Sarvesh Soni, Shivalingegowda NaveenAbstractSuperparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are the most extensively used functional nanomaterials as antibacterial agents, and for other biomedical applications due to their unique physical, chemical, magnetic and biocompatibility properties. However, due to their small size, particles tend to aggregate by dipo...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Chapter 11 - Recent advances in nanoparticles-based strategies for cancer therapeutics and antibacterial applications
Publication date: 2019Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 46Author(s): Surendra Gulla, Dakshayani Lomada, Vadali V.S.S. Srikanth, Muthukonda Venkatakrishnan Shankar, Kakarla Raghava Reddy, Sarvesh Soni, Madhava C. ReddyAbstractNanoparticles' based cancer therapeutics are greatly dependent on the development of science and engineering of nanoparticles. In this article, important strategies based on nanoparticles used for cancer treatment are discussed. The inspiration to write this article is not only to review the existing strategies based on nanoparticles but also to highlight the pertinent and possible solutions ther...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Use of nanotechnology in antimicrobial therapy
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Nitin Gupta, Divya Bharti Rai, Ashok Kumar Jangid, Hitesh KulhariAbstractNanotechnology has emerged as a tool for developing advanced therapies to control and combat infections. Antibiotic resistance and side effects are the latest challenges for development and application of available antimicrobials. Biocompatible nanomaterials confer potential strategies for preventing drug-resistance in microbes, basically by improving the therapeutic effect of current antimicrobial drugs. Nanotechnology-based carriers referred to as nanovehicles (N...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Recent advances in nanoparticles-based strategies for cancer therapeutics and antibacterial applications
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Surendra Gulla, Dakshayani Lomada, Vadali V.S.S. Srikanth, M.V. Shankar, Kakarla Raghava Reddy, Sarvesh K. Soni, Madhava C. ReddyAbstractNanoparticles' based cancer therapeutics are greatly dependent on the development of science and engineering of nanoparticles. In this article, important strategies based on nanoparticles used for cancer treatment are discussed. The inspiration to write this article is not only to review the existing strategies based on nanoparticles but also to highlight the pertinent and possible solutions thereof, e...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Introduction into nanotechnology and microbiology
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Andrew S. Ball, Sayali Patil, Sarvesh K. SoniAbstractThe current chapter summaries the world of Microbiology and boom of Nanotechnology and how both the exciting fields come together to help men kind with various new applications in water, food, medical biology and immunology. Furthermore synthesis of nano materials utilising the potential of microorganisms also opens a newer avenue for ‘green’ synthesis. (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Nano-realm for point-of-care (POC) bacterial diagnostics
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Bandhan Chatterjee, Neeti Kalyani, Soonjyoti Das, Anjali Anand, Tarun Kumar SharmaAbstractThe omnipresence of bacterial pathogens poses a grave danger for human survival on earth, the spectre justified in periodical WHO reports, where bacterial borne diseases maintain their share of infamy, claiming the leading cause of mortality around the globe. Given the current status of therapeutic advances, many of these life endangering diseases can be cured if diagnosed accurately and on time. So, the onus of saving lives now leans more towards ...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Functionalized magnetic nanoparticles/biopolymer hybrids: Synthesis methods, properties and biomedical applications
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Kakarla Raghava Reddy, P. Adinaraya Reddy, Ch. Venkata Reddy, Nagaraj P. Shetti, B. Babu, K. Ravindranadh, M.V. Shankar, Madhava C. Reddy, Sarvesh K. Soni, S. NaveenAbstractSuperparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are the most extensively used functional nanomaterials as antibacterial agents, and for other biomedical applications due to their unique physical, chemical, magnetic and biocompatibility properties. However, due to their small size, particles tend to aggregate by dipole-dipole interactions between magnetic particle...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

The use of nanomaterials for the mitigation of pathogenic biofilm formation
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Aaron Elbourne, Vi Khanh Truong, Samuel Cheeseman, Piumie Rajapaksha, Sheeana Gangadoo, James Chapman, Russell J. CrawfordAbstractAntimicrobial resistance (AMR) has been identified as one of the greatest threats to human health (Boucher et al., 2009, Bush et al., 2011, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013, Neu, 1992, Spellberg et al., 2008). Unfortunately, the current rise in AMR has made biofilm-related infections a primary health-care concern, since these biofilms can no longer be effectively treated using conventional ant...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Synthetic gutomics: Deciphering the microbial code for futuristic diagnosis and personalized medicine
Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Pankaj Satapathy, Kounaina Khan, Aishwarya Tripurasundari Devi, Anirudh Gururaj Patil, Avinash Mirle Govindaraju, Shubha Gopal, Mysore Nagalingaswamy Nagendra Prasad, Veena Sunil More, Raghava Reddy Kakarla, Anjanapura V. Raghu, Shivaprasad Hudeda, Sunil Shivaji More, Farhan ZameerAbstractMicrobes exist in every type of environment and the human gut is no exception. These microbes play a very crucial role in health and metabolism. Synthetic Gutomics is an effort to describe the engineering of the gut microbiota for ameliorating human di...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Applications of nanotechnology in food microbiology
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Lily Jaiswal, Shiv Shankar, Jong-Whan RhimAbstractCurrently, the food packaging industry presents one of the fastest growing industries globally. One of the most serious concerns in the food packaging industry is reducing environmental burdens by reducing food packaging waste or replacing non-biodegradable plastic packaging materials with eco-friendly biopolymer-based packaging materials to ensure food safety and extend the shelf life of packaged food. The advent of nanotechnology has recently been applied to overcome these challenges...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 25, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Lipid nanomaterials for the delivery of antimicrobial peptides
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Thomas G. Meikle, Jamie B. Strachan, Charlotte E. ConnAbstractIn light of growing concerns regarding wide-spread antibiotic resistance, antimicrobial peptides may present a much needed alternative to currently available therapeutics, with less potential for the development of resistance in target organisms. They demonstrate broad spectrum activity, often against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, as well as viruses and protozoa. These peptides are a subset of the larger pharmaceutical class of protein and peptide-based bio...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - April 25, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Applications of nanotechnology in agriculture
Publication date: Available online 6 March 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Hemraj ChhipaAbstractExcess use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has shown negative impacts on soil health and environment. Chemical residues destroy the soil ecosystem by affecting the non-targeted organisms and decrease soil fertility simultaneously. To prevent such adversity in soil and environment, researchers have applied nanotechnology in agriculture. Nanotechnology is the rising technology of the current decade, which has shown promising results in controlling excess agri-inputs and maintaining environmental balance. The c...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - March 8, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Biocompatible in-situ gelling polymer hydrogels for treating ocular infection
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2019Source: Methods in MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Manu Sharma, Ankita Deohra, Kakarla Raghava Reddy, Veera SadhuAbstractThe eye is a sensitive organ susceptible to bacterial as well as fungal acute and chronic infections. Commonly used conventional ocular dosage forms are solutions, drops, ointments, gels and suspensions. However, the small size of the ocular cavity, nasolacrimal drainage, precorneal elimination, conjunctival absorption and poor retention time compromises the ocular bioavailability of drugs and their therapeutic efficacy. The development of novel ophthalmic delive...
Source: Methods in Microbiology - February 22, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Series Page
Publication date: 2018Source: Methods in Microbiology, Volume 45Author(s): (Source: Methods in Microbiology)
Source: Methods in Microbiology - October 26, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research