Global economic inequality and health.
Authors: Barker H PMID: 33203232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - November 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Access to reproductive health care services in countries of conflict: the double impact of conflict and COVID-19.
Authors: McLean M, Abuelaish I PMID: 33059485 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - October 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Mapping the role of health professionals in peace promotion within an urban complex emergency: the case of Chegutu, Zimbabwe.
Authors: Shoko E, Naidu M Abstract The study sought to establish the role of health professionals in promoting peace through health care using a case study of Chegutu Urban District in Zimbabwe. The participants were drawn from health professionals employed in three council clinics and were interviewed on their views on programmes that promote peace and end violence. Their narratives were thematically presented. Results revealed that although the participants had ideas on how to promote peace through health care, did health education and assisted victims of violence, their programmes were inhibited by several chall...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - October 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Social and institutional Reactions to the Influenza Pandemic of 1918-20.
Authors: Cohn SK Abstract This essay challenges generalizations since the late enlightenment about the effects of epidemics and pandemics on collective mentalities: that from antiquity to the present, epidemics, regardless of the disease, have sparked distrust, social violence, and the blaming of others. By contrast, the pandemic that killed the greatest numbers in world history-the Influenza of 1918-20 - was a pandemic of compassion. No one has yet to uncover this pandemic sparking collective violence or blaming any minorities for spreading the disease anywhere in the globe. The essay then explores the variety of ...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

International security: what nuclear weapon states have not learnt in 75 years.
Authors: Birch M, van Bergen L PMID: 32895013 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Patterns of fatal injuries among Iraqi protesters who were admitted to the Forensic Department, Directorate of Health, Dhi Qar in 2019.
Authors: Hashim HT PMID: 32873076 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

An insight into the pharmaceutical sector in Yemen during conflict: challenges and recommendations.
This article aims to highlight the challenges faced by the pharmaceutical sector in Yemen. It will address the overall state of health of the Yemeni people, as well as focus on the past, current status and future development of the pharmaceutical sector. Further, it will focus on possible remedial actions to solve some of these problems. These problems can be tackled if the responsible parties have the political will to do so. Acknowledging the different classes of problems is undeniably very important to provide clarity on the future of Yemen's supposedly promising pharmaceutical landscape. PMID: 32718201 [PubMed - as...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - July 30, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Seeking justice rooted in truth, reconciliation and forgiveness.
Authors: Gorman G, Flescher AM Abstract This paper presents an overview of the philosophy and implementation of restorative justice practices, the challenges and accomplishments of which we examine across the arc of the twentieth and emerging twenty-first century. Restorative justice, we argue, is both counterintuitive and pragmatic in its application. We examine truth and reconciliation hearings, intentional peace communities, and other paragons of the restorative justice model from a macroscopic perspective. A case study offers a microscopic lens to the conflict-ridden communities in Chicago, IL, ground zero for ...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - July 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Choosing not to weaponize healthcare: politics and health service delivery during Nepal's civil war, 1996-2006.
Authors: Rushton S, Devkota B Abstract Healthcare has often been 'weaponized' during armed conflicts, with parties to the conflict interfering with or violently attacking health facilities and personnel for their own strategic ends. In this exploratory study of the civil war in Nepal (1996-2006), by contrast, we look at a case in which both sides (with some exceptions) came to see it as in their interests to avoid targeting health facilities or deliberately disrupting healthcare delivery. Drawing on key informant interviews and documentary analysis, we identify four factors that appear to have contributed to the tw...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - July 16, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

A time for solidarity, not isolation.
Authors: Birch M, van Bergen L PMID: 32605458 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - July 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Meals under tents: experiences of food insecurity among the displaced people of southern Philippines.
Authors: Collado Z Abstract The article examines food conditions among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the southern Philippines. This aims to highlight the experience of food availability, accessibility and utilization as significant components of the household food security concept among people who lost their communities and sources of income due to war. The study also explores the consequences of food insecurity or hardship to the lives of the family members. Key informant interviews (KII) were conducted among 10 household heads to gather the qualitative data and quantitative data was provided by 306 respo...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - May 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The 'hostile environment' and the weaponization of the UK health system.
Authors: Uthayakumar-Cumarasamy A PMID: 32419480 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - May 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The American and Canadian wartime godmothers of Belgian soldiers. Joseph de Dorlodot's Correspondence and Documentation Office (1915-1919).
This article uses the 'Joseph de Dorlodot' archive collection (Archives Générales du Royaume de Belgique, Bruxelles) to investigate the emotional support provided by the Correspondence Office during the First World War. Throughout the conflict, its mission was to facilitate the sending of mail between Belgians, to provide them with legal advice and to offer humanitarian assistance to those who were in material and emotional distress. This was particularly the case of soldiers at the front. In the spring of 1916, the Office set up a mail system between Belgian soldiers and wartime godmothers - 'marraines' - fr...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - May 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Special issue: 'Feminist perspectives on the history of humanitarian relief (1870-1945)'.
Authors: Van Bergen L, Birch M PMID: 32393123 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - May 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

You can't save a COVID-19 patient with nuclear arms.
Authors: Fihn B, Sanders-Zakre A PMID: 32363936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - May 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Financing and resolving the ever-increasing humanitarian crises.
Authors: Jaff D PMID: 32349521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - May 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Dead rubber diplomacy: what to expect from the tenth NPT review conference?
Authors: Egeland K PMID: 32264710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - April 10, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The Scottish Women's Hospitals: the first World War and the careers of early medical women.
This study argues that, even though wartime service undoubtedly had an enormous impact on this group of brave and forward-thinking women, the beneficial effects on the position of women doctors, as a whole, were negligible. PMID: 32249598 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - April 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Attacks on healthcare: what information is needed to understand their impact? - a Delphi study.
Authors: Afzal MH, Jafar AJN Abstract The scale of attacks on healthcare in emergencies has become better understood through data collection. But less well un\derstood are the consequences of attacks. The purpose of this study was to establish what information could improve our understanding of the impacts of attacks on healthcare. Using the three-round Delphi method, we sought consensus among experts in this field of study of attacks on healthcare to answer the study question. Seventeen experts agreed to take part. The experts generated a total of 222 unique statements identifying those data and information that w...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - April 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Feminist perspectives on the history of humanitarian relief (1870-1945).
Authors: Martín-Moruno D, Edgar BL, Leyder M Abstract Taking a Feminist perspective as a starting point, this introductory piece seeks not only to integrate women as the main agents within the history of humanitarian relief, but also to understand their assistance to victims, from the Franco-Prussian War to WWII, as a type of situated knowledge which was broadly associated with the notion of care through the implementation of practices such as dressing wounds, vaccinating, feeding and clothing vulnerable populations. This political and epistemological position allows us to analyse the agency of women humanit...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Feminist Perspectives on the History of Humanitarian Relief.
Authors: Martín-Moruno D, Edgar BL, Leyder M Abstract Taking a Feminist perspective as a starting point, this introductory piece seeks not only to integrate women as the main agents within the history of humanitarian relief, but also to understand their assistance to victims, from the Franco-Prussian War to WWII, as a type of situated knowledge which was broadly associated with the notion of care through the implementation of practices such as dressing wounds, vaccinating, feeding and clothing vulnerable populations. This political and epistemological position allows us to analyse the agency of women humanit...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Twenty seconds closer to midnight.
Authors: Birch M, Van Bergen L PMID: 32013576 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Philosopher in times of war: Theodor Lessing as a hospital doctor.
Authors: Simissen H PMID: 32013577 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

After crisis: health, politics and reflections on the European refugee crisis.
Authors: Abbas M Abstract The years 2014 and 2015 saw a dramatic rise in the number of migrants entering Europe via the Mediterranean. This rise was mostly accounted for by refugees fleeing the civil war in the Syrian Arab Republic. Since that time Europe has been gripped in a political and humanitarian crisis as the incoming numbers overwhelmed individual state and collective European Union ability to respond effectively. In this article, I explore the European Migrant Crisis in geographical, political and humanitarian perspectives, describing and explaining the key events of the crisis. I then go on to a study of...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

A female genealogy of humanitarian action: compassion as a practice in the work of Josephine Butler, Florence Nightingale and Sarah Monod.
Authors: Martín-Moruno D Abstract Taking the Second Conference of the International Abolitionist Federation as a starting point, this article reconstructs a female genealogy of humanitarian action by shedding light on the transnational connections established by Josephine Butler, Florence Nightingale and Sarah Monod between the abolitionist cause against the state regulation of prostitution and the nursing movement. By using gender and emotion histories as the main methodologies, their letters, journals and drawings are analysed in order to question their alleged natural compassion towards the unfortunate by...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

2017 saw 122 countries - but none of the nuclear-weapons states - support the treaty for the prohibition of nuclear weapons. Why is nuclear disarmament so difficult and what should be the next steps for those aiming for prohibition?
Authors: Paxton B PMID: 31996032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Liz Willis.
Authors: Rushton S, Kett M PMID: 31996034 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Urgent appeal for a nuclear-weapons-free world! Connecting the medical-humanitarian and political perspective. Peace Palace, The Hague.
Authors: van Bergen L PMID: 31996039 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

IPPNW statement on the killing of General Suleimani.
Authors: Prevention Of Nuclear War IPFT PMID: 31996040 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The powers of masculinization in humanitarian storytelling: the case of the surgeon Mar ía Gómez Álvarez in the Varsovia Hospital (Toulouse, 1944-1950).
The powers of masculinization in humanitarian storytelling: the case of the surgeon María Gómez Álvarez in the Varsovia Hospital (Toulouse, 1944-1950). Med Confl Surviv. 2020 Jan 12;:1-19 Authors: Martínez-Vidal À Abstract This contribution is focused on analysing the power of 'masculinization' through which traditional humanitarian storytelling has been shaped. Strongly marked by a patriarchal vision, humanitarian accounts have traditionally hidden the work of women while stressing that performed by men, who appeared represented as true protagonists and, even, as her...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Future orientation of youth with a history of war trauma: a qualitative study in the African context.
Authors: Nyarko F, Punamaki RL Abstract Adolescence is an important developmental period for social relationships, identity formation and future planning. Traumatic experiences, such as war and persecution, may interfere with optimal development, including the future orientation of adolescents. The present study examines how young adult war survivors construct, make sense of, and narrate their future goals, plans, and expectations. The participants were 13 Liberian 25-35-year old male and female refugees living in Ghana. This qualitative study is based on semi-structured interviews with prompting questions. By appl...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 4, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

A woman's grace: gender, imperialism and religion in Emily Keene's philanthropic activities in Morocco, 1873-1941.
Authors: Martínez FJ Abstract Emily Keene (London 1849 - Tangier 1941) became a relevant figure in pre-colonial Moroccan history due to her involvement in British policy and to her philanthropic-medical initiatives during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Such prominence was closely linked with her marriage to the sheriff of Wazzan, a powerful spiritual and political figure. 'Grace', in a triple romantic, political and religious sense, was a defining feature of Keene's marriage and widowhood and explained that, despite her continuing adscription to Christian religion, British imperialism and Weste...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - December 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Birch M, van Bergen L PMID: 31809595 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Obituary.
Authors: Pountney M PMID: 31809596 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Responsive health services and quality care in settings of extreme adversity: the case of central and northern Iraq.
Authors: Jaff D, Leatherman S, Tomaro J PMID: 31718288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - November 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Demanding a bigger role: Palestinian women in politics and decision making.
Authors: Aghabekian V Abstract The political participation1 of Palestinian women in its many forms has been significantly influenced by Palestinian history. The male-dominated society and political system have hindered women's prominence in society and in politics. Although slowly on the rise, lack of women's representation and their voices is reflected in the low number of women in higher political echelons and in policy and decision making in general. After the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1993 and 19952 in 1993, women were integrated in state building processes, yet formal female participation was weak and mar...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - November 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The 'merciful and loving sex': Concepci ón Arenal's narratives on Spanish Red Cross women's war relief work in the 1870s.
This article examines the humanitarian work of Spanish women throughout this period through the intervention of the SRC ladies' sections, especially the central one. It reveals that these women played a crucial role in organizing, deploying and sustaining its humanitarian relief to the combatants. They empowered themselves by taking advantage of, and contributing to, the spreading of a view of women - very common at the time - as having a specific gender 'instinct' that made them 'naturally' suited to charitable and compassionate tasks. Pacifism is present in the humanitarian views and practices of these women, particularl...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - November 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

War or health: a four-decade armed conflict in Iraq.
Authors: Lafta RK, Al-Nuaimi MA Abstract Iraq has suffered 40 years of continual conflict, with large-scale traumatic events including successive wars, economic sanctions, sectarian conflict, terrorism, and organized crime. Population health and the health systems and other services and infrastructure that support a population's health usually suffer severe consequences in conflict-affect countries and Iraq has been no exception. In this article we aim to provide a historical narrative of the four decades of successive wars in Iraq and present some of the consequences of this particular situation of persistent...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - October 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Occupation, settlement, and the social determinants of health for West Bank Palestinians.
This article aims to review the literature on the social determinants of health for West Bank Palestinians and understand how settlement construction and policy influence these determinants. To accomplish these aims, the article first includes an analysis of how military infrastructure, resource allocation, land appropriation and house demolition related to the settlements influence the lives of West Bank Palestinians. The article then proceeds to review available literature on the social determinants of health in the West Bank, most notably: access to healthcare, exposure to political violence, economic conditions and wat...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Deadly business - a public health case against the British Arms Industry.
Authors: Arulrajah JP, Flecknoe D PMID: 31505964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Birch M, van Bergen L PMID: 31441338 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The Friends Ambulance Unit.
Authors: Reid F PMID: 31387389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

'Our work was in the service of the suffering of mankind': a case study of the motives of the Easternfront Ambulance nurses, 1941-1944.
Authors: van der Veen S Abstract During World War Two, a group of Dutch nurses chose to join the Nederlandse Ambulance ('Easternfront Ambulance'), a controversial though currently relatively unknown field hospital for the eastern front. In doing so, they supported the German war effort. This case study elaborates on the motives of these women to make a choice that was ultimately determined as 'wrong', by emphasising their unique gender role of nurse in the public sphere. By providing an insight into a relatively small group of 'wrong' women, this article aims to act as a call for further research into the gender co...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - August 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Multi-trauma injuries and level of preparedness in transit refugee camps: a case in Idomeni, Greece.
Authors: Gargavanis AA, Kanistra KA, Diamantopoulos K, Liasis D, Photiou E, Giakoustidis DE, Riza E PMID: 31264442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - July 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Rethinking medical education: introducing peace curricula in medical schools.
Authors: Amini M, Arya N PMID: 31238720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

My Journey before and after the birth of the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.
Authors: Kibet K PMID: 31035792 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - May 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Birch M, van Bergen L PMID: 31018705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - April 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

A scoping review of the wider and long-term impacts of attacks on healthcare in conflict zones.
Discussion is needed as to how we define and understand attacks on health care and therefore the impacts of these attacks. Systematic methods for data collection on the impacts of attacks on healthcare are also needed to produce comprehensive data sets. PMID: 30943776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - April 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The influence of NVMP's medical-humanitarian arguments on Dutch nuclear weapons politics: The Netherlands can make a difference in reaching a nuclear weapons-free world.
Authors: Buijs P PMID: 30935229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - April 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Medical sabotage by Jewish doctors in Nazi-occupied Netherlands and Holocaust survival.
Authors: Tammes P PMID: 30895803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - March 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research