Editorial.
Authors: Birch M, van Bergen L PMID: 31809595 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Obituary.
Authors: Pountney M PMID: 31809596 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Responsive health services and quality care in settings of extreme adversity: the case of central and northern Iraq.
Authors: Jaff D, Leatherman S, Tomaro J PMID: 31718288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - November 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Demanding a bigger role: Palestinian women in politics and decision making.
Authors: Aghabekian V Abstract The political participation1 of Palestinian women in its many forms has been significantly influenced by Palestinian history. The male-dominated society and political system have hindered women's prominence in society and in politics. Although slowly on the rise, lack of women's representation and their voices is reflected in the low number of women in higher political echelons and in policy and decision making in general. After the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1993 and 19952 in 1993, women were integrated in state building processes, yet formal female participation was weak and mar...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - November 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The 'merciful and loving sex': Concepci ón Arenal's narratives on Spanish Red Cross women's war relief work in the 1870s.
This article examines the humanitarian work of Spanish women throughout this period through the intervention of the SRC ladies' sections, especially the central one. It reveals that these women played a crucial role in organizing, deploying and sustaining its humanitarian relief to the combatants. They empowered themselves by taking advantage of, and contributing to, the spreading of a view of women - very common at the time - as having a specific gender 'instinct' that made them 'naturally' suited to charitable and compassionate tasks. Pacifism is present in the humanitarian views and practices of these women, particularl...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - November 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

War or health: a four-decade armed conflict in Iraq.
Authors: Lafta RK, Al-Nuaimi MA Abstract Iraq has suffered 40 years of continual conflict, with large-scale traumatic events including successive wars, economic sanctions, sectarian conflict, terrorism, and organized crime. Population health and the health systems and other services and infrastructure that support a population's health usually suffer severe consequences in conflict-affect countries and Iraq has been no exception. In this article we aim to provide a historical narrative of the four decades of successive wars in Iraq and present some of the consequences of this particular situation of persistent...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - October 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Occupation, settlement, and the social determinants of health for West Bank Palestinians.
This article aims to review the literature on the social determinants of health for West Bank Palestinians and understand how settlement construction and policy influence these determinants. To accomplish these aims, the article first includes an analysis of how military infrastructure, resource allocation, land appropriation and house demolition related to the settlements influence the lives of West Bank Palestinians. The article then proceeds to review available literature on the social determinants of health in the West Bank, most notably: access to healthcare, exposure to political violence, economic conditions and wat...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Deadly business - a public health case against the British Arms Industry.
Authors: Arulrajah JP, Flecknoe D PMID: 31505964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Birch M, van Bergen L PMID: 31441338 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - August 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The Friends Ambulance Unit.
Authors: Reid F PMID: 31387389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - August 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

'Our work was in the service of the suffering of mankind': a case study of the motives of the Easternfront Ambulance nurses, 1941-1944.
Authors: van der Veen S Abstract During World War Two, a group of Dutch nurses chose to join the Nederlandse Ambulance ('Easternfront Ambulance'), a controversial though currently relatively unknown field hospital for the eastern front. In doing so, they supported the German war effort. This case study elaborates on the motives of these women to make a choice that was ultimately determined as 'wrong', by emphasising their unique gender role of nurse in the public sphere. By providing an insight into a relatively small group of 'wrong' women, this article aims to act as a call for further research into the gender co...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - August 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Multi-trauma injuries and level of preparedness in transit refugee camps: a case in Idomeni, Greece.
Authors: Gargavanis AA, Kanistra KA, Diamantopoulos K, Liasis D, Photiou E, Giakoustidis DE, Riza E PMID: 31264442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - July 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Rethinking medical education: introducing peace curricula in medical schools.
Authors: Amini M, Arya N PMID: 31238720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

My Journey before and after the birth of the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.
Authors: Kibet K PMID: 31035792 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - May 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Birch M, van Bergen L PMID: 31018705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - April 27, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

A scoping review of the wider and long-term impacts of attacks on healthcare in conflict zones.
Discussion is needed as to how we define and understand attacks on health care and therefore the impacts of these attacks. Systematic methods for data collection on the impacts of attacks on healthcare are also needed to produce comprehensive data sets. PMID: 30943776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - April 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The influence of NVMP's medical-humanitarian arguments on Dutch nuclear weapons politics: The Netherlands can make a difference in reaching a nuclear weapons-free world.
Authors: Buijs P PMID: 30935229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - April 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Medical sabotage by Jewish doctors in Nazi-occupied Netherlands and Holocaust survival.
Authors: Tammes P PMID: 30895803 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - March 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

French physicians against nuclear weapons (AMFPGN) IPPNW's french affiliate's adventures in atomic bomb fan club country.
Authors: Behar A, Faiz E PMID: 30889970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - March 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The antinuclear experience in Greece.
Authors: Sotiropoulou MA PMID: 30868917 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - March 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Ionising radiation and childhood leukaemia revisited.
Authors: Boulton F Abstract Increased incidences of childhood acute leukaemia were noted among survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In Western societies, Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia has a distinct epidemiology peaking at 3 years old. Exposure to ionising radiation is an established hazard but it is difficult to gauge the precise risk of less than 100 mSv. Since 1983 significant leukaemia incidences have been reported among families residing near nuclear installations. The target cells (naïve neonatal lymphocytes) get exposed to multiple xenobiotic challenges and undergo extra...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - March 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Promoting the nuclear ban treaty in Germany - obstacles and opportunities.
Authors: Rosen A, Hall X PMID: 30784302 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War-Mexico (IPPNW-Mexico).
Authors: Fromow-Guerra J, Chirino-Sprung R, Landetta-Garcia J PMID: 30784303 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Attacks on healthcare in conflict: generating attention in the modern information landscape.
This study examines the extent to which this increased attention leads to mainstream reporting and understanding of AHCC that is representative of reality by investigating the ways that information and knowledge about the issue is produced. Based on a rapid review of documentation on AHCC since 2011, this is one of the first studies to assess the rigour, validity, and representativeness of mainstream data on AHCC. Findings indicate that information and knowledge about AHCC is molded by a particular representation of the issue created by international media and humanitarian organisations seeking to capture public and politi...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Swedish physicians against nuclear weapons.
Authors: Lind J PMID: 30739481 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Latin America: non-nuclear weapon states at the forefront of nuclear disarmament.
Authors: Umaña C PMID: 30739496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Can Japan be a bridge-builder between deterrence-dependent states and nuclear weapon ban treaty proponents?
Authors: Tomonaga M PMID: 30740994 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Australia: fertile ground for banning the bomb.
Authors: Wareham S PMID: 30732461 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Towards abolition: a special issue from the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.
Authors: Birch M, van Bergen L PMID: 30727769 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

PSR/IPPNW Switzerland - tackling the « radioactive Siamese twins » and considering human rights in the nuclear age.
PSR/IPPNW Switzerland - tackling the « radioactive Siamese twins » and considering human rights in the nuclear age. Med Confl Surviv. 2019 Feb 06;:1-8 Authors: Nidecker A, Knüsli C PMID: 30724583 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

A history of British health professionals working for the abolition of nuclear weapons.
Authors: Waterston E, Boulton F PMID: 30714411 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - February 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Birch M, Van Bergen L PMID: 30696268 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Corrections.
Authors: PMID: 30696269 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Austria and its efforts towards the prohibition of nuclear weapons.
Authors: Renoldner K PMID: 30678494 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Nuclear disarmament: a Malaysian experience.
Authors: McCoy R PMID: 30676084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Nuclear disarmament, arms expenditures, and health needs in South Asia.
Authors: Mitra A PMID: 30648448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

How Physicians for Social Responsibility - Finland has managed to grow and be active for over 35 years.
Authors: Juva K PMID: 30616386 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Collaboration and confrontation: the Norwegian humanitarian initiative experience.
Authors: Mæland JG, Akhtar S PMID: 30614269 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 9, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Teaching about the Treaty to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons to three generations.
Authors: Ashford MW, Down J PMID: 30602306 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - January 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Consequences matter: why nuclear weapons had to be banned.
Authors: Loretz J PMID: 30590960 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - December 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The factors impeding health system reform in Iraqi Kurdistan region.
Authors: Al-Hamadani AS, Jaff D, Edwards M Abstract The relatively poor health outcomes in Iraq have been attributed to the inability to address the shortfalls in the public health model. Calls for health system reform in Iraqi Kurdistan Region started in 2004; however, few, if any, significant changes have been achieved since then. This research examines the factors impeding public health system reform in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region, as perceived by the health policy makers, through 11 in-depth, unstructured interviews. Participants attributed the delay in reform to 16 impeding factors that can be categorized into ...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - December 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Violence against health-care workers in a conflict affected city.
This study was set to explore the exposure of healthcare personnel city to different forms of violence and the influence of this violence on their work and life. A sample of 700 healthcare workers was collected from six major hospitals and 20 primary health care centers in Baghdad. The questionnaire inquired about exposure to any sort of violence including insult, assaults, and displacement, being arrested, kidnapped, and intentionally injured or threatened at the workplace. More than 85% of respondents reported exposure to violence. The most important reason for violence was the poor medical services and lack of hospital ...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - November 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

The impact of support programmes for survivors of sexual violence: micro-level evidence from eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
In conclusion, these support programmes brought important benefits to survivors and non-survivors alike, although there is potential for improvement, particularly on social inclusion for SGBV survivors. PMID: 30403879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - November 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Profile of Dr John Cameron MacCallum.
Authors: Willis EA PMID: 30353755 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - October 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Social media as an effective therapeutic tool for addressing obsessive-compulsive disorder: a case study.
Authors: Qudrat Abas N, Jaff D Abstract Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic but very treatable medical condition. Adhering to the therapy plan is considered one of the biggest challenges for OCD patients, especially when communities are insecure due to armed conflicts and political upheavals. This paper documents the results of using social media platforms (especially Facebook Messenger, which provides free internet access) to manage the symptoms of a young female with chronic OCD. The results suggest that social media can be a potentially effective therapeutic tool, mainly in situations where armed co...
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Getting to zero: a doctor and a diplomat on the Ebola frontline.
Authors: Endicott P PMID: 30257097 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Improving peace and well-being among Syrian refugee youth through a higher education initiative in Jordan.
Authors: Al-Rousan T, Fredricks K, Chaudhury S, Albezreh S, Alhokair A, Nelson BD Abstract Forced migration affects overall health, especially when it happens at a young age. Focus group discussions and the Peace Evaluation Across Cultures and Environments (PEACE) survey were used to compare the effects of the programme on two groups: refugee university students who received full tuition support and a monthly living stipend (intervention group) and unsponsored Syrian students who were preparing for the end of high school examination (control group). The overall mean PEACE score among the intervention group was 152....
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

War, law and humanity, the campaign to control warfare, 1853-1914.
Authors: Pountney M PMID: 30231638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

From darkness to light-Robert J Lifton's the climate swerve - understanding human nature to avert global catastrophe.
Authors: Arya N PMID: 30205720 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - September 14, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research

Factors associated with use of maternal healthcare services during the Boko Haram insurgency in North-East Nigeria.
This study investigates factors associated with the use of maternal healthcare services during the Boko Haram insurgency in North-East Nigeria. The study analysed data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Results showed that some individual characteristics are no longer associated with the use of maternal healthcare services, compared to community characteristics which are. Humanitarian assistance to the region should take this into account when considering interventions to encourage better uptake of maternal healthcare services. PMID: 30156121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival)
Source: Medicine, Conflict and Survival - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Med Confl Surviv Source Type: research