A global perspective on addressing occupational safety and health hazards in the future of work.
Authors: Schulte PA PMID: 32624557 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Caring for the Carers of COVID-19.
Authors: Seaton A Abstract none. PMID: 32624558 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

The diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI): currently available tests, future developments, and perspectives to eliminate tuberculosis (TB).
CONCLUSION: Early identification and treatment of individuals with LTBI is an important priority for TB control in specific groups at risk within the population: this is of crucial meaning in recently infected cases both at the community level and in some occupational settings. Currently there is no gold standard test for LTBI: an improved understanding of the available tests is needed to develop better tools for diagnosing LTBI and predicting progression to clinical active disease. PMID: 32624559 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

COVID-19 infection and diffusion among the healthcare workforce in a large university-hospital in northwest Italy.
DISCUSSION: A proactive system that includes prompt detection of contagious staff and identification of sources of exposure helps to lower the intra-hospital spread of infection. A speedier return to work of staff who would otherwise have had to self-isolate as a precautionary measure improves staff morale and patient care by reducing the stress imposed by excessive workloads arising from staff shortages. PMID: 32624560 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Shift work sleep disorder and job stress in shift nurses: implications for preventive interventions.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that interventions aimed to prevent shift work sleep disorder and job stress in shift-nurses should incorporate the assessment of social support across the gender. Moreover, longitudinal studies are required to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions targeted on social support to minimize the occurrence of insomnia and daytime sleepiness in shift nurses. PMID: 32624561 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Occupational asthma and rhinitis due to wheat flour: sublingual specific immunotherapy treatment.
DISCUSSIONS: This is the first report in the literature on the use of SLIT for baker's asthma and rhinitis. SLIT for occupational wheat flour allergy should be possible and efficient, saving vocational training, professionalism, and avoiding job loss. PMID: 32624562 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Surviving monotony and repetitiveness at Hawthorne Works: the case of Geraldina “Jennie” Sirchio (1907-1992) and the other migrant girls in the test-room.
CONCLUSIONS: The "Geraldina's effect" is discussed through her own words offering a truthful picture of the migrant working conditions during the Great Depression. PMID: 32624563 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Severe silicosis due to diatomaceous earth in dental alginate: a necropsy study.
CONCLUSION: The present case-study revealed that the risk of silicosis from calcined diatomaceous earths used to produce dental alginates has been ignored. The lack of engineering controls and personal protection measures led to a high cristobalite lung burden, consistent with the development of a severe silicosis that were a contributing factor of death. A MSDS of a commercial product currently on the market does not report this serious hazard. PMID: 32624564 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Mental disability management within occupational health surveillance.
DISCUSSION: The results of this experience allow us to affirm that the integration of skills is a valid tool both for the multidisciplinary diagnostic assessment and for the monitoring and management of workers with mental disability under periodic health surveillance. PMID: 32624565 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Occupational Medicine in the time of COVID-19.
Authors: Mutti A Abstract Editorial. PMID: 32352421 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - May 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Scientific evidence and guidelines in occupational medicine.
Authors: Cristaudo A Abstract In the past, science has had a conflicting relationship with the philosophy from which it has detached itself due to the scientific method of Galileo Galilei, but anti-scientific atti-tudes and thoughts still persist in every field of knowledge. Occupational Medicine, like other medical disciplines, increasingly needs to have a scientific foundation that guaran-tees evidence and appropriateness for its varied professional activities. Guidance tools for occupational physicians and, in particular, the Guidelines of Scientific Societies repre-sent an indispensable contribution to correct ...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - May 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Silicosis in finishing workers in quartz conglomerates processing.
CONCLUSIONS: We reported an unexpected high incidence of silicosis in Italian workers exposed to quartz conglomerate dust. The results suggest that chest HRCT is indicated for screening of workers with high exposure to silica and DLco should be added to spirometry in health surveillance. More rigorous application of safety regulations and more effective preventive interventions at work are necessary. PMID: 32352423 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - May 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing for personalized job reintegration after acute cardiovascular attacks: a pilot cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence for safety and usefulness of "on site" CPET for a personalized statement of fitness for work. This may facilitate the job retention of patients characterized by a high risk of unnecessary job loss. The use of CPET represents a first step of energy expenditure evaluation associated with specific working tasks. PMID: 32352424 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - May 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Sun protection habits and behaviors of a group of outdoor workers and students from the agricultural and construction sectors in north-Italy.
DISCUSSION: The majority of OW in our study reported poor protective solar exposure habits. Young students of the construction and agricultural sectors indicated even worse sun-protective behaviors, both during apprenticeship and leisure activities. Our study highlights the low health literacy related to solar UVR in OW and apprentices. Further educational initiatives are required in Italy to improve the adoption of protective behaviors during outdoor activities. PMID: 32352425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - May 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Reconstruction of the asbestos exposure in a textile company producing sewing threads through the use of an unusual information source.
CONCLUSIONS: Using different sources of information, in addition to those traditionally collected through questionnaires, to reconstruct past asbestos exposuresallowed us to clarify the existence of the cluster of mesothelioma cases and the highest level of occupational asbestos exposure was attributed to all cases with consequent activation of the medico-legal procedure. PMID: 32352426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - May 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Creation of a database of occupational and environmental concentrations of crystalline silica dust for the purpose of assessing past and current exposures.
DISCUSSION: Despite the general reduction over time, there are still many sectors in which data are higher than the current occupational exposure limits; especially in these sectors it is necessary to implement the measures to fully assess worker exposure. PMID: 32352427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - May 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Workplace violence against healthcare workers: an observational study in Castilla y Le ón (Spain).
Workplace violence against healthcare workers: an observational study in Castilla y León (Spain). Med Lav. 2020 Apr 02;111(2): Authors: López-Gobernado M, Villalba Gil D, Hernández Bartolomé J, López Gobernado CJ PMID: 32352428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - May 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Application of epidemiological findings to individuals.
Authors: Boffetta P, Farioli A, Rizzello E Abstract Three types of issues need to be considered in the application of epidemiology results to individuals. First, epidemiology results are subject to random error, and can be applied only to an ideal subject with average values of all variables under study, including potential confounders included in the regression models. Second, the observational nature of epidemiology makes it susceptible to systematic error, and any extrapolation to individuals would mirror the validity of the original results. Quantitative bias analysis has been proposed to assess the likelihood,...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - February 27, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Assessment of exposure to cobalt and its compounds in Italian industrial settings.
CONCLUSIONS: Identifying professional groups at high-risk of exposure can help to control the most dangerous situations for workers' health. Surveillance systems based on occupational exposure registries contribute to support systematic improvement of working conditions. PMID: 32096770 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - February 27, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

A contribution to the validation of the Italian version of the work-related quality of life scale.
Authors: Garzaro G, Clari M, Donato F, Dimonte V, Mucci N, Easton S, Van Laar D, Gatti P, Pira E Abstract BACKGROUND: Quality of working life has been shown to play a key role in reducing strain inside and outside the workplace, supporting the fulfillment of workers' wellbeing and increasing workforce productivity. Van Laar et al. in 2007 developed the Work-Related Quality of Life (WRQoL) scale that was applied to several different work environments and translated into nine languages. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to test and validate an Italian version of the WRQoL scale. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was condu...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - February 27, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Violence on doctors. An observational study in Northern Italy.
DISCUSSION: The prevalence of violent behaviour is difficult to assess, because violent incidents are underreported or unreported. The results of the study suggest that increased awareness is necessary to develop effective control strategies at individual, hospital and national levels. PMID: 32096772 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - February 27, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

The relationship between hand hygiene practices and nasal Staphylococcus aureus carriage in healthcare workers.
CONCLUSION: The knowledge of hand hygiene practices, high frequency of handwashing, and wearing different gloves during the procedure of each patient decrease S.aureus nasal carriage in HCWs. In addition mupirocin is still effective in nasal S.aureus carriers. PMID: 32096773 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - February 27, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Exposure to glyphosate and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma: an updated meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis provided no overall evidence of an increased risk for both NHL and MM in subjects occupationally exposed to glyphosate. In secondary analyses we detected a small increase in risk for the category with highest level of exposure as well as for DLBCL. The evidence of publication bias suggests caution in the interpretation of the results. PMID: 32096774 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - February 27, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Medicine in Milan between the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries.
Authors: Franchini AF Abstract The author deals with the medical-surgical panorama in Milan at the turn of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. The advances in knowledge acquired from the mid-nineteenth century on led to the emergence of medical and surgical specializations, as well as of new tools for the prevention and treatment of diseases, and the creation of a health and care network, on which it was possible to graft highly developed training opportunities. The example of an institution set up in Milan at the beginning of the twentieth century to treat the results of traumatic events is ...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - December 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

The first Industrial Hygiene Congresses in Milan.
Authors: Porro A Abstract The first Congress of the Italian Association of Industrial Hygienists was held in 1977. Nevertheless, at the end of the 19th century some issues concerning industrial hygiene had been discussed during the 3rd International Congress on Accidents and Social Insurance (Milan, October 1-6, 1894). A year later, the Milanese trade Unions held another Congress on this theme. In 1902 Leopoldo Sconfietti, an engineer, proposed a new system of air conditioning to be used in textile factories. After the EXPO 1906 in Milan, a museum devoted to Industrial Hygiene was opened in the city, but unfortunat...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - December 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

The first steps of industrial hygiene and occupational toxicology at the Clinica del Lavoro di Milano under the guidance of Luigi Devoto.
CONCLUSION: In Devoto's view, industrial hygiene and toxicology were essential tools for the research and prevention of occupational diseases since the first years of activity of the Clinica del Lavoro. PMID: 31846444 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - December 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

The birth of modern industrial hygiene and occupational toxicology. A historical reconstruction through the analysis of the contributions of three protagonists.
CONCLUSIONS: The contributions provided by these three protagonists to industrial hygiene and occupational toxicology were relevant and made in those years the Clinica del Lavoro of Milan as a landmark, not only in Italy but also abroad. PMID: 31846445 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - December 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

A History of Industrial Hygiene: the Clinica del Lavoro in Milan and the Italian Association of Industrial Hygienists.
Authors: Cavallo DM, Cattaneo A, Spinazzè A Abstract In 1969, the Italian Association of Industrial Hygienists (AIDII) was founded in Milan by Academics working at the Clinica del Lavoro, one of the oldest institutions for work prevention in the world and within the most prolific institutes in the world on Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene. AIDII was founded as a scientific association with the primary purpose of promoting the development, deepening and dissemination of Industrial Hygiene, the scientific discipline aimed at identifying, assessing and controlling chemical, physical and biological r...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - December 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and occupational risk factors.
Authors: Ranzieri S, Illica Magrini E, Mozzoni P, Andreoli R, Pelà G, Bertorelli G, Corradi M Abstract Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a rare lung disease of unknown origin that rapidly leads to death. However, the rate of disease progression varies from one individual to another and is still difficult to predict. The prognosis of IPF is poor, with a median survival of three to five years after diagnosis, without curative therapies other than lung transplantation. The factors leading to disease onset and progression are not yet completely known. The current disease paradigm is that sustained alveolar ...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - December 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Indexes of cardiac autonomic profile detected with short term Holter ECG in health care shift workers: a cross sectional study.
DISCUSSION: The autonomic control of the heart rhythm could be disrupted by desynchronization of the biological rhythm secondary to the organization of shift work and night work. Shift work is an important factor of social and biological distress, influencing the adaptability of the cardiovascular system to stimuli and demands of work organization. PMID: 31846448 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - December 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Occupational exposure to airborne formaldehyde in hospital: setting an automatic sampling system, comparing different monitoring methods and applying them to assess exposure.
CONCLUSIONS: The automatic methods efficiently allow sampling and measurement of FA in hospital settings. When using safe practices, the concentration of FA is well below occupational limit values. PMID: 31846449 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - December 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Position Paper on Asbestos of the Italian Society of Occupational Medicine.
Authors: Apostoli P, Boffetta P, Bovenzi M, Cocco PL, Consonni D, Cristaudo A, Discalzi G, Farioli A, Manno M, Mattioli S, Pira E, Soleo L, Taino G, Violante FS, Zocchetti C Abstract The Position Paper (PP) on asbestos of the Italian Society of Occupational Medicine (SIML) aims at providing a tool to the occupational physician to address current diagnostic criteria and results of epidemiological studies, and their consequences in terms of preventive and evaluation actions for insurance, compensation and litigation. The PP was based on an extensive review of the scientific literature and was compiled by a Working Gr...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - December 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Systematic Reviews in Occupational Health and Safety: where are we and where should we go?
Authors: Verbeek J, Mattioli S, Curti S Abstract Systematic Reviews have been introduced to improve the synthesis of available evidence and to reduce bias in the conclusions about a body of evidence. Nowadays, Systematic Review is an established method also in the Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) field. It is the Cochrane Work Review Group that facilitates authors to produce Cochrane reviews of intervention topics in this area. A variety of guidelines used Cochrane Work reviews for underpinning their recommendations. Due to the comprehensive search and reproducibility of the methods of a systematic review, it t...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - October 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Plasma levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and the risk of soft tissue sarcoma.
DISCUSSION: Most associations between PCBs and STS risk were not significant, but, given the limited sample size, we cannot exclude moderate associations. PMID: 31659991 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - October 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Relationship between pleural plaques and biomarkers of cumulative asbestos dose. A necropsy study.
Authors: Barbieri PG, Consonni D, Somigliana A Abstract BACKGROUND: The relationship between pleural plaques and cumulative asbestos exposure is controversial. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between lung asbestos bodies (AB) and fibres (AF) and plaques presence and extension. METHODS: In a necropsy series of shipyard workers with asbestos-related diseases, we measured counts (per g of dry lung tissue) of AB (thousands) and AF>1 µm (millions). Pleural plaques were classified into three extension grades. We fitted univariate and multivariable linear (dependent variables: AB and AF, log10 tr...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - October 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Occupational exposure to sevoflurane following topical application to painful wounds.
Conclusions: All air concentrations measured were lower than exposure limits set by occupational safety agencies from Finland, Sweden and Norway, which range from 10 ppm for a TWA of 8 hours to 20 ppm for short-term exposures (15 min). Application of topical sevoflurane on wounds seems to be environmentally safe for health-care professionals as it produces exposure levels lower than the established limits for anesthetic procedures. PMID: 31659993 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - October 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Whole body biomechanical burden of healthcare workers: proposal for a complementary risk assessment and management tool (HOARA).
CONCLUSIONS: From an occupational health perspective, the HOARA, integrated with other methods, is expected to allow a more effective management of human resources, especially when assigning workers to specific jobs or tasks. Overall, the HOARA will be instrumental in assessing the impact of fitness for work judgments on work organization and its resources, in compliance with the guidelines from the Società Italiana di Medicina del Lavoro (SIML). PMID: 31659994 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - October 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Assessment of mental workload and its association with work ability in control room operators.
CONCLUSION: Monitoring tasks imposes high mental workload on the control room operators, which may result in adverse effects on their workability as well as on the safety of the system. PMID: 31659995 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - October 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Fitness for working in a policeman being treated for OSAS.
Authors: Sanna A, Garbarino S Abstract A policeman who has been ill with OSAS for 10 years is in optimal CPAP therapy. During this time, the overall assessment of his work activities was excellent and he had no traffic accidents or accidents at work. Concerning his work as a policeman, the Medical Commission of 1st instance considered him unfit to work. Conversely, the Medical Commission of 2nd instance declared him fit to work. In the adult general population, the prevalence of moderate and severe OSAS is more than 20%. It is therefore likely that there are many policemen affected by OSAS and the number of request...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - October 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

The reference values in the interpretation of toxicological data.
Authors: Iavicoli I, Leso V, Fontana L Abstract The worldwide gradual expansion of industrialization has led to a dramatic increase in the production and use of chemical substances. This has resulted in a greater dispersion of these elements in the environment and in an increased exposure of the general population and workers. In this scenario, a thorough knowledge of exposure levels is needed in order to assess chemical risks in environmental and occupational settings. Biological monitoring is among the most useful tools for assessing exposure. However, in order to provide really effective guidance in the applicat...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - September 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Carpal tunnel syndrome among milking parlor workers in Northern Italy: a comparison of screening approaches.
DISCUSSION: The symptom questionnaire was associated with the median nerve pathology often seen in CTS. Moreover, the study results have shown the questionnaire to be the most effective screening method when compared to ultrasound. PMID: 31475688 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - September 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

A hospital occupational diseases unit: an experience to increase the recognition of occupational disease.
CONCLUSIONS: A hospital ODU can improve reporting and official recognition of occupational diseases that otherwise might not have been recognized. Expanding this experience to other Spanish and European hospitals could improve the efficiency of workers' compensation schemes and better support preventive policies. PMID: 31475689 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - September 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome in shift healthcare workers.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest the need to better investigate the impact of sleep deprivation in the assessment of MS risk in shift-HCWs and clarify the role of such variables as confounders, mediators, or effect modifiers. Moreover, to date the data regarding management interventions focused on the risk of MS are inconsistent and therefore a special effort is required to detect strategic ways to minimize the likelihood of MS occurring in shift-HCWs. PMID: 31475690 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - September 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Relationship between personality type and musculoskeletal disorders among office staff.
CONCLUSION: Personality types and MSDs occurrence seemed to be associated. It was thus suggested to take account of psychological factors (e.g., personality types) in macro policy-making, employee selection, and professional staff training programs. PMID: 31475691 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - September 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Longitudinal evaluation of a hearing protector fit training program.
CONCLUSION: These findings emphasize the need for continual worker training in the correct fit of earplug HPDs and the importance of longitudinal PAR monitoring. In addition, some workers, despite the training provided, did not adapt to the HPDs used. Therefore, it is essential that other protection methods and/or other HPD types are made available to these individuals. PMID: 31475692 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - September 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

The relationship between work-related psychosocial factors and burnout among Iranian nurses: Job Demand-Control-Support model.
CONCLUSION: Appropriate interventions on reducing job demands both psychologically and physically and increasing social support and job control are suggested in prevention of burnout among the studied nurses. PMID: 31475693 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - September 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Workplace health promotion.
Authors: Talini D, Baldasseroni A Abstract Workplace Health Promotion (WHP-Workplace Health Promotion) is aimed at improving the workers' well-being and health, so as to guarantee conditions of greater psycho-physical well-being and work capacity for a future elderly population. Cost-benefit analysis studies indicate that the return of profits compared to the invested capital (Return of investment - ROI) can be very good. To conduct WHP's activities successfully, the continuous and convinced commitment of all corporate subjects is required. WHP interventions must not represent alternative paths to those of Preventi...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - September 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Molecular and epigenetic markers as promising tools to quantify the effect of occupational exposures and the risk of developing non-communicable diseases.
Authors: Ferrari L, Pavanello S, Bollati V Abstract Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are chronic diseases that are by far the leading cause of death in the world. Many occupational hazards, together with social, economic and demographic factors, have been associated to NCDs development. Genetic susceptibility or environmental exposures alone are not usually sufficient to explain the pathogenesis of NCDs, but can be integrated in a more complex scenario that can result in pathological phenotypes. Epigenetics is a crucial component of this scenario, as its changes are related to specific exposures, therefore potentia...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 4, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Work-related self-reported musculoskeletal disorders in hypermarket cashiers: a study in south of Portugal.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed a high rate of reported injuries among hypermarket cashiers, especially among part-time workers and those with the highest length of employment. PMID: 31268426 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medicina del Lavoro)
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 4, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research

Asbestos in fresh water fish of a pond in Milan. Where is it coming from?
CONCLUSIONS: Benthic fish species have likely been contaminated by their close contact with the polluted bottom of the pond. Instead, the presence of asbestos in the trout is probably linked to a previous contamination during farming, since this fish spend a brief period of time in the water of the pond. Asbestos distribution and concentration exclude a risk for public health; however, some values of asbestos found in fish meat deserve attention. Accordingly, precautionary indications have been given to the Municipality of Milan and to the fishermen association. A larger scale monitoring of water, food and animal feed is w...
Source: Medicina del Lavoro - July 4, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Med Lav Source Type: research