Grob Special Issue: Homosexuality and Psychoanalysis Meet at a Mental Hospital: An Early Institutional History.
This article sheds light on this unique historical moment by first exploring scholarly discussions of the era's psychoanalysis and homosexuality, both of which emphasized the transitional nature of therapy and sexuality. By putting two bodies of scholarship into conversation, I also suggest how the historiography might move beyond two oft-cited arguments-that the psychoanalysis of the era had the power to form a person's sexual identity negatively, and that sexual minorities formed their identities affirmatively by staying away from medical interventions. I argue that, instead, psychoanalysis was part of modern sexual iden...
Source: Medical History - December 10, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Wake N Tags: J Hist Med Allied Sci Source Type: research

A historical approach to syphilis infection in Korea.
Abstract From the end of the 15th century, syphilis spread worldwide, posing a serious threat to public health. Venereal syphilis has been a major research topic, not only in clinical medicine but also in paleopathology, especially because it is a disease of questionable origin and of high prevalence until the discovery of antibiotics. Syphilis in history has been studied extensively in Europe and the Americas, though less so in Asia. In this review, based on extant historical documents and available paleopathological data, we pinpoint the introduction and trace the spread of venereal syphilis in Korea to the end ...
Source: Medical History - November 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Hoon Shin D, Jin Lee H, Ha Hong J, Jin Woo E, Shin E, Kim YS, Ki HC, Lee E Tags: Acta Med Hist Adriat Source Type: research

Johann Bachoven von Echt (1515-1576) and his work on scurvy: An omen of Vesalius' death?
Abstract A discussion is given of the figure of Johann Bachoven von Echt and his family, and on his work on scurvy. The disease is evaluated as a possible cause of the death of Andreas Vesalius. Echt's relationship with Jan Wier and his connections with Vesalius and Metellus are illustrated. A historical overview of the literature on scurvy is provided highlighting the importance of the work of Echtius and Ronsse for the early knowledge of that disease. A report by Metellus on the circumstances of Vesalius' death is added. PMID: 30488702 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - November 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Biesbrouck M, Goddeeris T, Steeno O Tags: Acta Med Hist Adriat Source Type: research

The Saint George Quarantine Station of Piraeus, Greece (1865-1947).
Abstract For centuries, the marine quarantine system was the major protection of the public health against serious infectious diseases around the world. The present study reconstructs the history of the Quarantine Station of Piraeus, one of the largest Mediterranean ports, known as the "Lazaretto of Saint George", as a vital element in the maritime sanitary protection of Greece. Our research will investigate the impact left by this institution on public health, as well as on the economic life of the port of Piraeus and the adjacent capital city of Athens. With regard to the first issue, we will seek to e...
Source: Medical History - November 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Rosenberg A, Tsiamis C, Poulakou-Rebelakou E, Pikoulis E Tags: Acta Med Hist Adriat Source Type: research

Nikolaos Louros (1898-1986): The Reformer of Greek Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the 20th Century.
Abstract The present article reports on the career of Professor Nikolaos Louros and his contribution to the development of obstetrics and gynaecology. The data presented is based on desk research with the aim to gather and analyse relevant credible information from documents existing in primary and secondary resources in the archive of Foundation History of Medicine N. Louros. As a Professor at the University of Athens, Louros introduced new teaching methods. His multifaceted work includes writing, teaching, research, and the clinical and laboratory context. His scientific interest covers all areas of obstetrics a...
Source: Medical History - November 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Manidaki AG, Tsiligianni I, Trompoukis C Tags: Acta Med Hist Adriat Source Type: research

Revisiting Avicenna's (ad 980-1037) Anatomical Concepts of the Musculoskeletal and Peripheral Nervous Systems in the Canon of Medicine.
Abstract Avicenna, as he is known in the West, was a famous Persian Muslim physician and influential philosopher-scientist of the medieval Islamic world. He wrote and compiled the Canon of Medicine text, a book which was adopted as the main text of medicine at the most Persian and Western universities. The book consists of basic medical sciences, applied clinical sciences and pharmacology. In the current study, we present an analysis of the anatomy of the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems as viewed by Avicenna in the Canon of Medicine, and compare them with the relevant modern literature. PMID: 3...
Source: Medical History - November 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Mazengenya P, Bhikha R Tags: Acta Med Hist Adriat Source Type: research

The Curative Role of Bitumen in Traditional Persian Medicine.
CONCLUSION: Bitumen is cited in traditional Persian medicine sources as an effective remedy for treatment of a wide range of diseases, especially GI disorders and bone pain. Recent studies showed the beneficial effects of bitumen in treatment of wound healing, however using it in medical practice for other health dilemma should be confirmed by conducting well-designed clinical studies in the future. PMID: 30488706 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - November 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Shahriari M, Zare F, Nimrouzi M Tags: Acta Med Hist Adriat Source Type: research

[Enrico Bottini (1835-1903), Italian Physician and Politician: A Master of Antisepsis and a Pioneer of Modern Surgery].
Abstract Enrico Bottini (Stradella, Pavia, 7 September 1835 - Porto Maurizio, Sanremo, 11 March 1903) was a multifaceted surgeon, who left a strong mark in modern surgery, not only Italian but worldwide. A pupil of Porta and Ribeti, as well as the distinguished French surgeon and anatomist Charles-Marie-Édouard Chassaignac, he has dedicated himself throughout his career to various areas of medicine, ranging from bacteriology and anti-sepsis (use of a derivative of phenic acid) to urological surgery (the so-called "endo-urethral galva-cauterization", also called Bottini's operation, or Perineal inc...
Source: Medical History - November 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Martini M Tags: Acta Med Hist Adriat Source Type: research

[Between Supervision and Functionality: The Architecture of the Institute for the Insane in Stenjevec].
Abstract This paper reviews the architecture of the Royal National Institute for the Insane in Stenjevec during its construction and the first years of its existence. Since the opening of the Institute in 1879 until the end of the World War I, there were numerous adaptations and extensions of the original capacities. The paper shows how these extensions reflected the existing paradigm of the institutional architecture in the second half of the 19th century. Architecture, under the influence of Pinel's "moral treatment" as a primary therapeutic approach to mental illnesses in the 19th century, was conside...
Source: Medical History - November 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Drača V Tags: Acta Med Hist Adriat Source Type: research

[Professor dr. Zdravko Ku čić (1910-1961), Promoter of the Hospital Service in Post-War Rijeka].
[Professor dr. Zdravko Kučić (1910-1961), Promoter of the Hospital Service in Post-War Rijeka]. Acta Med Hist Adriat. 2018 Dec;16(2):319-330 Authors: Kučić J Abstract Dr Zdravko Kučić was born in Bakar on 11 April 1910. In1928 he finished the Gymnasium in Sušak and graduated from the School of Medicine, University of Belgrade in1934. After completing the internship in Zagreb, he worked at the General Public Hospital "King Alexander I" in Sušak as a secondary doctor of medicine and later as an assistant at the Internal Department. In 1940 dr Kučić became the specialist o...
Source: Medical History - November 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Kučić J Tags: Acta Med Hist Adriat Source Type: research

Introduction.
This article offers an overview of the life and work of Gerald N. Grob. As part of a generation of scholars intent on overturning the old "Whig history" of medicine, Grob pioneered the use of institutional history as an analytical tool. His work on American psychiatry combined a formidable command of archival sources with a strong commitment to putting medical practice in social context. Grob's personal and political views put him at odds with other scholars of the asylum; he conducted some very public feuds with David Rothman and Andrew Scull. At the same time, he showed a more benevolent side to younger histori...
Source: Medical History - November 28, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Tomes N, Jones KW Tags: J Hist Med Allied Sci Source Type: research

Psychiatric Jim Crow: Desegregation at the Crownsville State Hospital, 1948-1970.
Abstract The Crownsville State Hospital, located in Maryland just outside of Annapolis, provides a thought-provoking example of the impact of desegregation in the space of the mental hospital. Using institutional reports, patient records, and oral histories, this article reconstructs the three phases of desegregation at Crownsville. First, as a result of its poor conditions, lack of qualified staff, and its egregious mistreatment of patients, African American community leaders and organizations such as the NAACP called for the desegregation of the care staff of Crownsville in the late 1940s. Second, the introducti...
Source: Medical History - November 21, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Nuriddin A Tags: J Hist Med Allied Sci Source Type: research

Revisiting the Pouchet-Pasteur controversy over spontaneous generation: understanding experimental method.
Abstract Louis Pasteur's defeat of belief in spontaneous generation has been a classical rationalist example of how the experimental approach of modern science can reveal superstition. Farley and Geison (Bull Hist Med 48:161-198, 1974) told a counter-story of how Pasteur's success was due to political and ideological support rather than superior experimental science. They claimed that Pasteur violated proper norms of scientific method, and that the French Academy of Science did not see this, or did not want to. Farley and Geison argued that Pouchet's experiments were as valid as those of Pasteur. In this paper I a...
Source: Medical History - November 1, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Roll-Hansen N Tags: Hist Philos Life Sci Source Type: research

"I Was Doctor": White Settler Women's Amateur Medical Practice in East and South-Central African Communities, 1890-1939.
This article addresses the gap by exploring amateur medical treatment by white settler women in East and South-Central African communities between 1890 and 1939, primarily in highland areas of Kenya and Southern Rhodesia. It examines the types of conditions treated, what techniques and equipment were used for treatment, and where treatment was carried out. It also explores medical identity in settler women's memoirs. Last, it considers the degree of choice exercised by patients in these amateur medical encounters. Overall, this article situates white settlers' amateur treatment in African communities as an important strand...
Source: Medical History - October 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Wells J Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Drawing Damaged Bodies: British Medical Art in the Early Twentieth Century.
Abstract Historians are acutely aware of the role of art in medicine. Elaborate early modern works catch our eye; technical innovations attract analysis. This paper beats a different path by examining three little-known artists in early twentieth-century Britain who deployed what may seem like an outdated method: drawing. Locating the function of pencil and ink illustrations across a range of sites, we take a journey from the exterior of the living patient via invasive surgical operations to the bodily interior. We see the enduring importance of delineation against a backdrop of the mechanization of conflict and o...
Source: Medical History - October 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Alberti SJ Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Group Weight Loss and Multiple Screening: A Tale of Two Heart Disease Programs in Postwar American Public Health.
Abstract In the late 1940s, amid elevated concern about heart disease and new funding to fight it, multiple screening emerged alongside group psychotherapy for weight loss as two innovative responses of the American public health community. I describe the early trajectory and fate in the 1950s of both programs as shaped by the ongoing political controversy about national health insurance. Group weight loss became the main de facto American response to a perceived obesity-driven heart disease crisis. The episode casts light on the larger picture of how postwar American public health gravitated toward interventions ...
Source: Medical History - October 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Rasmussen N Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

American Association for the History of Medicine: Report of the Ninety-First Annual Meeting.
Authors: PMID: 30369501 [PubMed] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

American Association for the History of Medicine Awards and Prizes, 2019.
Authors: PMID: 30369502 [PubMed] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 30, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Le Monstre, la vie, l' écart. La tératologie d'Étienne et d'Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire par Bertrand Nouailles Le Monstre, la vie, l'écart. La tératologie d'Étienne et d'Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire Bertrand Nouailles Paris : Classiques Garnier , 2017 , 456 p., 58 €.
Le Monstre, la vie, l'écart. La tératologie d'Étienne et d'Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire par Bertrand Nouailles Le Monstre, la vie, l'écart. La tératologie d'Étienne et d'Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire Bertrand Nouailles Paris : Classiques Garnier , 2017 , 456 p., 58 €. Can Bull Med Hist. 2018;35(2):450-451 Authors: Ancet P PMID: 30365370 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Ancet P Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

Le go ût de l'ivresse : Boire en France depuis le Moyen Âge (Ve-XXIe siècle) par Mathieu Lecoutre Le goût de l'ivresse : Boire en France depuis le Moyen Âge (Ve-XXIe siècle) Mathieu Lecoutre Paris : Belin , 2017 , 459 p., 23,50 €.
Le goût de l'ivresse : Boire en France depuis le Moyen Âge (Ve-XXIe siècle) par Mathieu Lecoutre Le goût de l'ivresse : Boire en France depuis le Moyen Âge (Ve-XXIe siècle) Mathieu Lecoutre Paris : Belin , 2017 , 459 p., 23,50 €. Can Bull Med Hist. 2018;35(2):443-445 Authors: Perron M PMID: 30365371 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Perron M Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

Mentored by a Madman: The William Burroughs Experiment by A.J. Lees Mentored by a Madman: The William Burroughs Experiment A.J. Lees Devon, UK : Notting Hill Editions , 2016 , xviii + 213 p., £14.99.
Mentored by a Madman: The William Burroughs Experiment by A.J. Lees Mentored by a Madman: The William Burroughs Experiment A.J. Lees Devon, UK : Notting Hill Editions , 2016 , xviii + 213 p., £14.99. Can Bull Med Hist. 2018;35(2):455-459 Authors: Donovan DM PMID: 30365372 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Donovan DM Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

Mrs. Robinson's Revenge: Pete Seeger, Earl Robinson, and the Medicare Protest Song.
This article traces the ballad's fortunes through the papers of composer Earl Robinson (University of Washington) and the archives of the American Medical Association. It is situated in the historiography of folk revival and the expatriate adventures of artistic Americans persecuted in the McCarthy era. PMID: 30365373 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Duffin J, Pater JL Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

Margarethe Hilferding. Une femme chez les premiers psychanalystes par Fran çoise Wilder Margarethe Hilferding. Une femme chez les premiers psychanalystes Françoise Wilder Paris : Epel, coll. « Essais » , 2015 , 136 p., 23 €.
Margarethe Hilferding. Une femme chez les premiers psychanalystes par Françoise Wilder Margarethe Hilferding. Une femme chez les premiers psychanalystes Françoise Wilder Paris : Epel, coll. « Essais » , 2015 , 136 p., 23 €. Can Bull Med Hist. 2018;35(2):460-461 Authors: Serina F PMID: 30365374 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Serina F Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

L'Asile de Hanwell. Un mod èle utopique dans l'histoire de la psychiatrie anglaise ? par Laurence Dubois L'Asile de Hanwell. Un modèle utopique dans l'histoire de la psychiatrie anglaise ? Laurence Dubois Paris : Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle , 2017 , 320 p., 25,50 €.
L'Asile de Hanwell. Un modèle utopique dans l'histoire de la psychiatrie anglaise ? par Laurence Dubois L'Asile de Hanwell. Un modèle utopique dans l'histoire de la psychiatrie anglaise ? Laurence Dubois Paris : Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle , 2017 , 320 p., 25,50 €. Can Bull Med Hist. 2018;35(2):462-463 Authors: Lévy B PMID: 30365375 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Lévy B Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

A History of Human Anatomy, 2nd ed. by T.V.N. Persaud, Marios Loukas, and R. Shane Tubbs A History of Human Anatomy, 2nd ed. T.V.N. Persaud , Marios Loukas , and R. Shane Tubbs Springfield, IL : Charles Thomas Publisher , 2014 , xiv + 404 p., $74.95.
gou H PMID: 30365376 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Perdicoyianni-Paléologou H Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

L'Antiquit é écarlate : le sang des Anciens par Lydie Bodiou et Véronique Mehl (dir.) L'Antiquité écarlate : le sang des Anciens Lydie Bodiou et Véronique Mehl (dir.) Rennes : Presses universitaires de Rennes , 2017 , 304 p., 22 €.
L'Antiquité écarlate : le sang des Anciens par Lydie Bodiou et Véronique Mehl (dir.) L'Antiquité écarlate : le sang des Anciens Lydie Bodiou et Véronique Mehl (dir.) Rennes : Presses universitaires de Rennes , 2017 , 304 p., 22 €. Can Bull Med Hist. 2018;35(2):440-442 Authors: Tilloi-D'Ambrosi D PMID: 30365377 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Tilloi-D'Ambrosi D Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

The History of the Brain and Mind Sciences: Technique, Technology, Therapy by Stephen T. Casper and Delia Gavrus (eds.) The History of the Brain and Mind Sciences: Technique, Technology, Therapy Stephen T. Casper and Delia Gavrus (eds.) Rochester, NY : University of Rochester Press , 2017 , vi + 318 p., $125.00.
PMID: 30365378 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Borck C Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

Abortion under Apartheid: Nationalism, Sexuality, and Women's Reproductive Rights in South Africa by Susanne M. Klausen Abortion under Apartheid: Nationalism, Sexuality, and Women's Reproductive Rights in South Africa Susanne M. Klausen Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2015 , xiv + 344 p., $58.00.
PMID: 30365379 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Berger R Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

L'orchestration de la mort : Les fun érailles, des temps modernes à l'époque contemporaine par Élisabeth Belmas et Serenella Nonnis-Vigilante (dirs) L'orchestration de la mort : Les funérailles, des temps modernes à l'époque contemporaine Élisabeth Belmas et Serenella Nonnis-Vigilante (dir) Villeneuve d'Ascq : Presses Universit aires du Septentrion , 2017 , 268 p., 20 €.
L'orchestration de la mort : Les funérailles, des temps modernes à l'époque contemporaine par Élisabeth Belmas et Serenella Nonnis-Vigilante (dirs) L'orchestration de la mort : Les funérailles, des temps modernes à l'époque contemporaine Élisabeth Belmas et Serenella Nonnis-Vigilante (dir) Villeneuve d'Ascq : Presses Universitaires du Septentrion , 2017 , 268 p., 20 €. Can Bull Med Hist. 2018;35(2):445-447 Authors: Robert M PMID: 30365380 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Robert M Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

Beyond the State: The Colonial Medical Service in British Africa by Anna Greenwood (ed.) Beyond the State: The Colonial Medical Service in British Africa Anna Greenwood (ed.) Manchester : Manchester University Press , 2016 , viii + 197 p., $105.00.
PMID: 30365381 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Chilton L Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

M édicaments, polémiques et vieilles querelles. Débats et affaires : 15 récits pour mieux comprendre par Thierry Lefebvre et Cécile Raynal Médicaments, polémiques et vieilles querelles. Débats et affaires : 15 récits pour mieux comprendre Thierry Lefebvre et Cécile Raynal Paris : Belin, col lection Science à plumes , 2016 , 174 p., 17 €.
Médicaments, polémiques et vieilles querelles. Débats et affaires : 15 récits pour mieux comprendre par Thierry Lefebvre et Cécile Raynal Médicaments, polémiques et vieilles querelles. Débats et affaires : 15 récits pour mieux comprendre Thierry Lefebvre et Cécile Raynal Paris : Belin, collection Science à plumes , 2016 , 174 p., 17 €. Can Bull Med Hist. 2018;35(2):472-474 Authors: David PM PMID: 30365382 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: David PM Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

Édouard Claparède. À quoi sert l'éducation ? par Martine Ruchat Édouard Claparède. À quoi sert l'éducation ? Martine Ruchat Lausanne : Antipodes , 2015 , 392 p., 32 CHF.
Édouard Claparède. À quoi sert l'éducation ? par Martine Ruchat Édouard Claparède. À quoi sert l'éducation ? Martine Ruchat Lausanne : Antipodes , 2015 , 392 p., 32 CHF. Can Bull Med Hist. 2018;35(2):464-466 Authors: Wagnon S PMID: 30365383 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Wagnon S Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

Melancholic Habits: Burton's Anatomy and the Mind Sciences by Jennifer Radden Melancholic Habits: Burton's Anatomy and the Mind Sciences Jennifer Radden Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2017 , viii + 325 p., $45.00.
PMID: 30365384 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 27, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Carter AK Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

The Final Years of Central State Hospital.
Abstract There is a rich literature on the deinstitutionalization movement in the US but few, if any, parallel histories of state mental hospitals. Under attack from the 1950s on, state hospitals dwindled in size and importance. Yet, their budgets remained large. This paper offers a case study of one such facility, Indiana's Central State Hospital, between 1968 and 1994. During these years, local newspapers published multiple stories of patient abuse and neglect. Internal hospital materials also acknowledged problems but offered few solutions. In 1984, the US Department of Justice intervened, charging Central Stat...
Source: Medical History - October 18, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Dwyer E Tags: J Hist Med Allied Sci Source Type: research

An Alternative Cure: The Adoption and Survival of Bacteriophage Therapy in the USSR, 1922-1955.
This article explains the adoption and survival of phage therapy in the USSR. By focusing on the Tbilisi Institute of Microbiology, Epidemiology and Bacteriophage (now the Eliava Institute), I argue that bacteriophage research appealed to Soviet scientists because it offered an ecological model for understanding bacterial infection. In the 1930s, phage therapy grew firmly imbedded within the infrastructure of Soviet microbiological institutes. During the Second World War, bacteriophage preparations gained practical recognition from physicians and military authorities. At the dawn of the Cold War, the growing scientific iso...
Source: Medical History - October 12, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Myelnikov D Tags: J Hist Med Allied Sci Source Type: research

Do patients know that physicians should be confidential? study on patients' awareness of privacy and confidentiality.
In this study, 153 patients (76.5%) provided a correct definition of privacy, and 161 patients (80.5%) were aware of instances of privacy violation. In addition, a good level of awareness was found in 77 patients (38.5%) in terms of physician confidentiality, and in 158 patients (81.4%) regarding confidentiality of examination results and medical consultations. Our study results highlight the necessity to inform patients about the ethical and legal issues related to privacy and confidentiality, before or during admission. PMID: 30258551 [PubMed] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 2, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Mohammadi M, Larijani B, Emami Razavi SH, Fotouhi A, Ghaderi A, Madani SJ, Shafiee MN Tags: J Med Ethics Hist Med Source Type: research

The relationship between futile care perception and moral distress among intensive care unit nurses.
Abstract Moral distress is among the various types of distress that involves nurses and can lead to multiple complications. It is therefore rather important to identify the factors related to moral distress. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between futile care perception and moral distress among intensive care unit (ICU) nurses. This cross-sectional study used a descriptive-correlation method and was conducted on 117 ICU nurses of Qom hospitals in 2016. Data were collected using a 17-item futile care perception questionnaire, and Jameton's moral distress questionnaire containing 30 questio...
Source: Medical History - October 2, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Asayesh H, Mosavi M, Abdi M, Masoud MP, Jodaki K Tags: J Med Ethics Hist Med Source Type: research

Explanatory definition of the concept of spiritual health: a qualitative study in Iran.
In conclusion, the connection between humans and themselves, others and the nature was not seen as a component specific to spiritual health. PMID: 30258553 [PubMed] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 2, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Ghaderi A, Tabatabaei SM, Nedjat S, Javadi M, Larijani B Tags: J Med Ethics Hist Med Source Type: research

Concept analysis of human dignity in patient care: Rodgers' evolutionary approach.
This study aimed at analyzing the concept of HD in patient care. To this end, Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis was used. For this purpose, scientific databases PubMed, Elsevier, ScienceDirect, Scopus, OVID, Web of Science, CINHAL, IRANDOC, Google Scholar, Magiran, SID and IranMedex were searched fusing the words "human dignity", "patient care" and "ethics". The main criterion for inclusion in the final analysis was the literature published in English and Persian from 2006 to 2016 in online scientific journals within the context of health care disciplines. Ultimately, 21 articles were sel...
Source: Medical History - October 2, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Kadivar M, Mardani-Hamooleh M, Kouhnavard M Tags: J Med Ethics Hist Med Source Type: research

Antibiotic prescribing behavior among physicians: ethical challenges in resource-poor settings.
Abstract Prescribing antibiotics to patients represents an ethical dilemma for physicians since the current health needs of the patients have to be balanced with concerns for long term containment of antimicrobial resistance in the community. Overuse of antibiotics is a major pathway for development of antimicrobial resistance. In resource-poor settings a complex social reality can influence antibiotic prescribing behavior among physicians which apparently violates the conventional biomedical ethics principles especially beneficence and justice. These social factors include patient socioeconomic class, patient dem...
Source: Medical History - October 2, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Basu S, Garg S Tags: J Med Ethics Hist Med Source Type: research

The main nursing metaparadigm concepts in human caring theory and Persian mysticism: a comparative study.
Abstract Metaparadigm concepts comprise the central issues in a discipline. Fawcett has named person, health, environment and nursing as the four main concepts of nursing that need to be comprehensively defined. The Human Caring Theory is significant because of its focus on the spiritual dimension of human beings. The aim of this study was to comparatively explain three of the main metaparadigm concepts of nursing in the Human Caring Theory and Persian mysticism, and find the similarities and differences that can help develop the theory and its application in societies with a theistic point of view. This comparati...
Source: Medical History - October 2, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Nikfarid L, Hekmat N, Vedad A, Rajabi A Tags: J Med Ethics Hist Med Source Type: research

Visualising Primary Health Care: World Health Organization Representations of Community Health Workers, 1970-89.
This article examines a period of picturing and public information work on the part of the WHO regarding CHWs. It sets out to understand how the visual politics of the WHO changed to accommodate PHC as a new priority programme from the 1970s onwards. The argument tracks attempts to define CHWs and examines the techniques employed by the WHO during the 1970s and early 1980s to promote the concept to different audiences around the world. It then moves to explore how the process was evaluated, as well as the difficulties in procuring fresh imagery. Finally, the article traces these representations through the 1980s, when comm...
Source: Medical History - September 9, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Medcalf A, Nunes J Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

The Place of Post-Traumatic Amnesia in the Assessment of Blunt Head Trauma: The Epistemic, Professional and Material Factors Shaping British Neurology, circa 1920-40.
This article focuses on why neurologists turned to time as a diagnostic-tool in helping to resolve these issues, specifically the measurement of post-traumatic amnesia (PTA). This article argues that PTA became so central to neurological diagnosis owing to a set of epistemic, professional and material factors in the decades prior to the Second World War. It concludes with a call for deeper appreciation of the range of issues that contribute to the shaping of medical theories of head trauma. PMID: 30191783 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 9, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Ross R Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Public Health, Social Medicine and Disease Control: Medical Services, Maternal Care and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Former Portuguese West Africa (1920-63).
PMID: 30191784 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 9, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Havik PJ Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Health Planning in 1960s Africa: International Health Organisations and the Post-Colonial State.
This article explores the programme of national health planning carried out in the 1960s in West and Central Africa by the World Health Organization (WHO), in collaboration with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Health plans were intended as integral aspects of economic development planning in five newly independent countries: Gabon, Liberia, Mali, Niger and Sierra Leone. We begin by showing that this episode is treated only superficially in the existing WHO historiography, then introduce some relevant critical literature on the history of development planning. Next we outline the context for ...
Source: Medical History - September 9, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Manton J, Gorsky M Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

'Tolerable Intolerance': Protestantism, Sectarianism and Voluntary Hospitals in Late-nineteenth-century London.
This article interrogates the complicated understanding of sectarianism in institutional cultures in late-nineteenth-century England through an examination of the practice of religion in the daily life of hospital wards in voluntary hospitals. Voluntary hospitals prided themselves on their identity as philanthropic institutions free from sectarian practices. The public accusation of sectarianism against University College Hospital triggered a series of responses that suggests that hospital practices reflected and reinforced an acceptable degree of 'tolerable intolerance'. The debates this incident prompted help us to inter...
Source: Medical History - September 9, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Mangion CM Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

C. Pierce Salgeuro ed., Buddhism and Medicine: An Anthology of Premodern Sources (New York: Columbia University Press, 2017), pp.  689, £116.00, hardback, ISBN: 9780231179942.
C. Pierce Salgeuro ed., Buddhism and Medicine: An Anthology of Premodern Sources (New York: Columbia University Press, 2017), pp. 689, £116.00, hardback, ISBN: 9780231179942. Med Hist. 2018 Oct;62(4):507-509 Authors: Lo V PMID: 30191787 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 9, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Lo V Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Cathy Gere, Pain, Pleasure and the Greater Good: From the Panopticon to the Skinner Box and Beyond (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2017), pp.  304, $30, hardback, ISBN: 9780226501857.
Cathy Gere, Pain, Pleasure and the Greater Good: From the Panopticon to the Skinner Box and Beyond (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2017), pp. 304, $30, hardback, ISBN: 9780226501857. Med Hist. 2018 Oct;62(4):510-512 Authors: Peace D PMID: 30191788 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 9, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Peace D Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Barbara S. Bowers  and  Linda Migl Keyser (eds), The Sacred and the Secular in Medieval Healing: Sites, Objects and Texts (London and New York: Routledge, 2016), pp. xv + 313, £110, hardback, ISBN: 9781472449627.
Barbara S. Bowers and  Linda Migl Keyser (eds), The Sacred and the Secular in Medieval Healing: Sites, Objects and Texts (London and New York: Routledge, 2016), pp. xv + 313, £110, hardback, ISBN: 9781472449627. Med Hist. 2018 Oct;62(4):512-514 Authors: Skinner P PMID: 30191789 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 9, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Skinner P Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Naomi Pfeffer, Insider Trading: How Mortuaries, Medicine and Money Have Built a Global Market in Human Cadaver Parts (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2017), pp.  372, $30, hardback, ISBN: 9780300118551.
Naomi Pfeffer, Insider Trading: How Mortuaries, Medicine and Money Have Built a Global Market in Human Cadaver Parts (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2017), pp. 372, $30, hardback, ISBN: 9780300118551. Med Hist. 2018 Oct;62(4):514-515 Authors: Kierans C PMID: 30191790 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 9, 2018 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Kierans C Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research