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Erratum.
Authors: PMID: 29081429 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 31, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Trying Times: The Courts, the Historian, and the Contentious Struggle to Define Disease.
PMID: 29081430 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 31, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Rosner D Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

From One Medicine to Two: The Evolving Relationship between Human and Veterinary Medicine in England, 1791-1835.
This article offers a novel perspective on the evolving identities and relationships of human medicine and veterinary medicine in England during the decades that followed the 1791 foundation of the London Veterinary College. Contrary to the impressions conveyed by both medical and veterinary historians, it reveals that veterinary medicine, as initially defined, taught and studied at the college, was not a domain apart from human medicine but rather was continuous with it. It then shows how this social, cultural, and epistemological continuity fractured over the period 1815 to 1835. Under the impetus of a movement for medic...
Source: Medical History - October 31, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Woods A Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

"A Little Seasoning Would Aid in the Digestion of Our Factums": Wit, Evidence, and the Evolving Form of Medical Debate in New Orleans, 1853-1868.
This article analyzes the transition through a case study: J.-C. Faget, who famously discovered the definitive sign of yellow fever, and Charles Deléry disputed how doctors should attempt to understand the disease in New Orleans, a vital yet understudied medical center dominated by Francophone creole interests. It addresses the use of ideas about immunity to define racial, ethnic, and class differences; the rhetoric of health and medicine; and developing ontological theories of disease. It shows the struggle to employ intellectual realizations to understand this disease that cost the region dearly in lives and incom...
Source: Medical History - October 31, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Forbes A Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Vernacularizing the Body: Informational Egalitarianism, Hindu Divine Design, and Race in Physiology Schoolbooks, Bengal 1859-1877.
Abstract Government-aided vernacular schools introduced "human physiology" as a subject in 1859. I use the first couple of schoolbooks and the debate running up to the introduction of the subject to open up the particular and specific histories through which modern anatomo-physiological knowledge was vernacularized in colonial Bengal. In so doing I have two interconnected goals in this article. My first goal is to analyze the precocious decision to teach human physiology to colonial schoolboys, at a time when this was the norm neither in Great Britain nor indeed in traditional Bengali schools. My second ...
Source: Medical History - October 31, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Mukharji PB Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Entitled to Addiction?: Pharmaceuticals, Race, and America's First Drug War.
This article rethinks the formative decades of American drug wars through a social history of addiction to pharmaceutical narcotics, sedatives, and stimulants in the first half of the twentieth century. It argues, first, that addiction to pharmaceutical drugs is no recent aberration; it has historically been more extensive than "street" or illicit drug use. Second, it argues that access to psychoactive pharmaceuticals was a problematic social entitlement constructed as distinctively medical amid the racialized reforms of the Progressive Era. The resulting drug control regime provided inadequate consumer protectio...
Source: Medical History - October 31, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Herzberg D Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

American Association for the History of Medicine: Report of the Ninetieth Annual Meeting.
PMID: 29081435 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 31, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Koste JL Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

News and Events.
Authors: PMID: 29081436 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 31, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Incidence of cancer and overall risk of mortality in individuals treated with raltegravir-based and non-raltegravir-based combination antiretroviral therapy regimens.
CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence for an oncogenic risk or poorer survival associated with using RAL compared with control groups. PMID: 28984429 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 6, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Cozzi-Lepri A, Zangerle R, Machala L, Zilmer K, Ristola M, Pradier C, Kirk O, Sambatakou H, Fätkenheuer G, Yust I, Schmid P, Gottfredsson M, Khromova I, Jilich D, Flisiak R, Smidt J, Rozentale B, Radoi R, Losso MH, Lundgren JD, Mocroft A, EuroSIDA Study Tags: HIV Med Source Type: research

Redefining Medical Confidentiality in the Digital Era: Healthcare Reform and the West German Debate over the Use of Personal Medical Information in the 1980s.
PMID: 28973589 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - October 1, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Frohman L Tags: J Hist Med Allied Sci Source Type: research

Medical History's Moment in Art Photography (1920 to 1950): How Lejaren à Hiller and Valentino Sarra Created a Fashion for Scenes of Early Surgery.
Medical History's Moment in Art Photography (1920 to 1950): How Lejaren à Hiller and Valentino Sarra Created a Fashion for Scenes of Early Surgery. J Hist Med Allied Sci. 2017 Oct 01;72(4):381-421 Authors: Hansen B Abstract Two groups of black-and-white photographs are found in medical rare book rooms and the collections of historically minded physicians. They were created by artists Hiller and Sarra to bring medical history to life for members of the health professions and, to some extent, for a wider public. These were not didactic illustrations for a textbook, but elegant scenes of great fig...
Source: Medical History - October 1, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Hansen B Tags: J Hist Med Allied Sci Source Type: research

War, Medicine, and Cultural Diplomacy in the Americas: Frank Wilson and Brazilian cardiology.
Abstract American cultural diplomacy played a key role in the institutionalization of Brazilian cardiology. In 1942, Frank Wilson, an internationally recognized pioneer in electrocardiography, made an extended wartime visit to Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The visit was sponsored by the United States Department of State as part of Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Policy and brought Wilson together with a group of physicians who would establish the specialty of cardiology in Brazil. This US cultural and diplomatic initiative strengthened an academic network that was already evolving and would eventually prove to be...
Source: Medical History - October 1, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Kropf SP, Howell JD Tags: J Hist Med Allied Sci Source Type: research

Testing the Gr äfenberg Ring in Interwar Britain: Norman Haire, Helena Wright, and the Debate over Statistical Evidence, Side Effects, and Intra-uterine Contraception.
Testing the Gräfenberg Ring in Interwar Britain: Norman Haire, Helena Wright, and the Debate over Statistical Evidence, Side Effects, and Intra-uterine Contraception. J Hist Med Allied Sci. 2017 Oct 01;72(4):448-467 Authors: Rusterholz C Abstract This paper examines the introduction to Britain of the Gräfenberg ring, an early version of what later became known as an intrauterine device (IUD). The struggle during the interwar years to establish the value of the ring provides an opportunity for a case study of the evaluation and acceptance of a new medical device. With the professionalization ...
Source: Medical History - October 1, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Rusterholz C Tags: J Hist Med Allied Sci Source Type: research

MDH volume 61 Issue 4 Cover and Back matter.
Authors: PMID: 28901867 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Calculable People? Standardising Assessment Guidelines for Alzheimer's Disease in 1980s Britain.
This article shows how funding research on Alzheimer's disease became a priority for the British Medical Research Council (MRC) in the late 1970s and 1980s, thanks to work that isolated new pathological and biochemical markers and showed that the disease affected a significant proportion of the elderly population. In contrast to histories that focus on the emergence of new and competing theories of disease causation in this period, I argue that concerns over the use of different assessment methods ensured the MRC's immediate priority was standardising the ways in which researchers identified and recorded symptoms of Alzhei...
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Wilson D Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

The Expulsion of South Africa and Rhodesia from the Commonwealth Medical Association, 1947-70.
Abstract In 1970 the medical associations of South Africa and Rhodesia (now, Zimbabwe) were expelled from the Commonwealth Medical Association. The latter had been set up, as the British Medical Commonwealth Medical Conference, in the late 1940s by the British Medical Association (BMA). These expulsions, and the events leading up to them, are the central focus of this article. The BMA's original intention was to establish an organisation bringing together the medical associations of the constituent parts of the expanding Commonwealth. Among the new body's preoccupations was the relationship between the medical pro...
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Stewart J Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

MDH volume 61 Issue 4 Cover and Front matter.
Authors: PMID: 28901870 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Citizenship and Learning Disabled People: The Mental Health Charity MIND's 1970s Campaign in Historical  Context.
This article sets MIND's campaign within the wider historical context of the organisation's origins as a main institution of the inter-war mental hygiene movement. The article begins by outlining the mental hygiene movement's original conceptualisation of 'mental deficiency' as the antithesis of the self-sustaining and responsible individuals that it considered the basis of citizenship and mental health. It then traces how this equation became unravelled, in part by the altered conditions under the post-war Welfare State, in part by the mental hygiene movement's own theorising. The final section describes the reconceptuali...
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Toms J Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

'Speaking Kleinian': Susan Isaacs as Ursula Wise and the Inter-War Popularisation of Psychoanalysis.
This article examines the contribution of educator and psychoanalyst Susan Isaacs (1885-1948) to this process, as well as her role as a female expert in the intellectual and medical history of this period. Isaacs was one of the most influential British psychologists of the inter-war era, yet historical research on her work is still limited. The article focuses on her writing as 'Ursula Wise', answering the questions of parents and nursery nurses in the popular journal Nursery World, from 1929 to 1936. Researched in depth for the first time, Isaacs' important magazine columns reveal that her writing was instrumental in diss...
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Shapira M Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Homeopathy 'for Mexicans': Medical Popularisation, Commercial Endeavours, and Patients' Choice in the Mexican Medical Marketplace, 1853-1872.
nes J Abstract This paper focuses on homeopaths' strategies to popularise homeopathy from 1850 to 1870. I argue that homeopaths created a space for homeopathy in Mexico City in the mid-nineteenth century by facilitating patients' access to medical knowledge, consultation and practice. In this period, when national and international armed conflicts limited the diffusion and regulation of academic medicine, homeopaths popularised homeopathy by framing it as a life-enhancing therapy with tools that responded to patients' needs. Patients' preference for homeopathy evolved into commercial endeavours that promoted the p...
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Hernández Berrones J Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Dennis A. Doyle, Psychiatry and Racial Liberalism in Harlem, 1936-1968 (Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2016), pp.  260, $99, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-580-46492-5; $24.99, ebook, ISBN: 978-1-782-04844-2.
Dennis A. Doyle, Psychiatry and Racial Liberalism in Harlem, 1936-1968 (Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press, 2016), pp. 260, $99, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-580-46492-5; $24.99, ebook, ISBN: 978-1-782-04844-2. Med Hist. 2017 Oct;61(4):594-595 Authors: Biggs A PMID: 28901874 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Biggs A Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Michael A. Grodin, ed., Jewish Medical Resistance in the Holocaust (Oxford and New  York: Berghahn Books, 2014, 2017), pp. 328, £21.00, paperback, ISBN: 978-1-78533-348-4, e-book, eISBN 978-1-78238-418-2.
Michael A. Grodin, ed., Jewish Medical Resistance in the Holocaust (Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books, 2014, 2017), pp. 328, £21.00, paperback, ISBN: 978-1-78533-348-4, e-book, eISBN 978-1-78238-418-2. Med Hist. 2017 Oct;61(4):597-599 Authors: Turda M PMID: 28901875 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Turda M Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Tracey Loughran, Shell Shock and Medical Culture in First World War Britain (New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 2017), pp.  279, £75, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-107-12890-3.
Tracey Loughran, Shell Shock and Medical Culture in First World War Britain (New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 2017), pp. 279, £75, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-107-12890-3. Med Hist. 2017 Oct;61(4):601-602 Authors: Ross JK PMID: 28901876 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Ross JK Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Sabine Arnaud, On Hysteria: The Invention of a Medical Category between 1670 and 1820 (Chicago, Illinois: The University of Chicago Press, 2015), pp.  xi, 376, $55.00, cloth, ISBN: 978-0-226-27554-3.
Sabine Arnaud, On Hysteria: The Invention of a Medical Category between 1670 and 1820 (Chicago, Illinois: The University of Chicago Press, 2015), pp. xi, 376, $55.00, cloth, ISBN: 978-0-226-27554-3. Med Hist. 2017 Oct;61(4):590-592 Authors: Saad M PMID: 28901877 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Saad M Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Stefanie Coch é, Psychiatrie und Gesellschaft: Psychiatrische Einweisungspraxis im 'Dritten Reich', in der DDR und der Bundesrepublik 1941-1963 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 2017), pp. 365, €54.99, hardback, ISBN: 978-3-647-35200-8.
Stefanie Coché, Psychiatrie und Gesellschaft: Psychiatrische Einweisungspraxis im 'Dritten Reich', in der DDR und der Bundesrepublik 1941-1963 (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 2017), pp. 365, €54.99, hardback, ISBN: 978-3-647-35200-8. Med Hist. 2017 Oct;61(4):592-594 Authors: Engstrom EJ PMID: 28901878 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Engstrom EJ Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Holly Folk, The Religion of Chiropractic: Populist Healing from the American Heartland (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2017), pp.  351, $34.95, paperback, ISBN: 978-1-4696-3279-7.
Holly Folk, The Religion of Chiropractic: Populist Healing from the American Heartland (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2017), pp. 351, $34.95, paperback, ISBN: 978-1-4696-3279-7. Med Hist. 2017 Oct;61(4):595-597 Authors: Baer HA PMID: 28901879 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Baer HA Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Philip Kuhn, Psychoanalysis in Britain, 1893-1913: Histories and Historiography (Lanham: Lexington Books, 2017), pp.  xxi, 443, $120.00, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-4985-0522-2.
Philip Kuhn, Psychoanalysis in Britain, 1893-1913: Histories and Historiography (Lanham: Lexington Books, 2017), pp. xxi, 443, $120.00, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-4985-0522-2. Med Hist. 2017 Oct;61(4):599-600 Authors: Endo F PMID: 28901880 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Endo F Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Sarah Chaney, Psyche on the Skin: A History of Self-Harm (London: Reaktion Books, 2017), pp. 315, 55 illus, £20.00, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-78023-750-3.
Sarah Chaney, Psyche on the Skin: A History of Self-Harm (London: Reaktion Books, 2017), pp. 315, 55 illus, £20.00, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-78023-750-3. Med Hist. 2017 Oct;61(4):602-604 Authors: Millard C PMID: 28901881 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Millard C Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Books also Received.
Authors: PMID: 28901882 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Digitizing Doctors: Methodologies for Creating a Database from Historical Directories of Physicians.
PMID: 28901883 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Smith SM Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Lynda Payne, The Best Surgeon in England: Percivall Pott, 1713-88 (New York, etc.: Peter Lang, 2017), pp.  236, SFr.103/€94.95/£64/$US94.95, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-4331-2319-1.
Lynda Payne, The Best Surgeon in England: Percivall Pott, 1713-88 (New York, etc.: Peter Lang, 2017), pp. 236, SFr.103/€94.95/£64/$US94.95, hardback, ISBN: 978-1-4331-2319-1. Med Hist. 2017 Oct;61(4):604-605 Authors: Stanley P PMID: 28901884 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Stanley P Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Teaching and Researching the History of Medicine in the Era of (Big) Data: Reflections.
PMID: 28901885 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - September 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Gibbs FW, Reznick JS Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research

Early Measures for School Hygiene in Greece: Between Nationalism and Modernization (1890-1920).
Abstract Compared to other European and Balkan countries, the first institutions for the medical inspection of student health were established relatively late in Greece. Following several European and Balkan examples, Greek doctors and educators began an information campaign during the late 19(th) century to establish a School Medical Service. The Greek state's emerging interest in children's health was dependent upon a number of factors. Networks of experts played a considerable part in shaping a public discourse on childhood. National defeats generated a discourse that denounced the state's indifference to the d...
Source: Medical History - September 7, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Theodorou V, Karakatsani D Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

Testing Drugs and Trying Cures: Experiment and Medicine in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.
This article examines traditions of testing drugs (as substances) and trying cures (on patients) in medieval and early modern Europe. It argues that the history of drug testing needs to be a more central story to overall histories of scientific experiment. The practice of conducting thoughtful-and sometimes contrived-tests on drugs has a rich and varied tradition dating back to antiquity, which expanded in the Middle Ages and early modern period. Learned physicians paired text-based knowledge (reason) with hands-on testing (experience or experiment) in order to make claims about drugs' properties or effects on humans. Lay ...
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Leong E, Rankin A Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Determining a Drug's Properties: Medieval Experimental Protocols.
Abstract Among Galenic texts attracting attention circa 1300 was De complexionibus, which described a crude protocol for determining the qualitative character and intensity of any given medicine. This caught the attention of physicians at Montpellier, where three generations of writers made it into a carefully structured test procedure for identifying by a via experimenti the nature of a drug's effect on healthful function: they introduced a null point as the referent for their measurements, identified a range of contingent factors that had to be controlled for, and devised ways to standardize the sample being tes...
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Mcvaugh M Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

The Live Chicken Treatment for Buboes: Trying a Plague Cure in Medieval and Early Modern Europe.
This article traces a seven-hundred-year history of one puzzling treatment for plague buboes that used the rumps of chickens to draw out the bubo's poisons. It traces the origin of the recipe to Avicenna's Canon and explores how medieval and early modern physicians altered the treatment and explained its workings up to the early eighteenth century. Much of the analysis focuses on the variants of the recipe that German physicians created as they adapted or elaborated on older recipes. This article argues that most variations of the treatment likely resulted from physicians trying ideas on paper, rather than in practice, as ...
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Heinrichs EA Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Pharmacy, Testing, and the Language of Truth in Renaissance Italy.
This article examines the role of testing and innovation in sixteenthcentury Italian pharmacy. I argue that apothecaries were less concerned with testing drugs for efficacy or creating novel products than with reactivating an older Mediterranean pharmacological tradition and studying the materials on which it relied. Their practice was not driven by radical experimentation but by a "culture of tweaking"-of minute operational changes to existing recipes and accommodation of their textual variants-which was rooted in the guild economy fostering incremental over radical innovation and in a humanist reevaluation of p...
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Pugliano V Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

On Anecdote and Antidotes: Poison Trials in Sixteenth-Century Europe.
This article describes the use of poison trials, in which an animal or a condemned criminal was poisoned, to test antidotes in sixteenth-century Europe. In contrast to most drug testing in medieval and early modern Europe, which was gathered in the normal course of therapeutic experience, the poison trial was a contrived, deliberate event. I argue that poison trials had an important function in both medical testing and medical writing in the period between 1524-1580. While poison trials dated back to antiquity, they tended to be described in medieval texts as theoretical possibilities rather than empirical tests that had a...
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Rankin A Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Iatrochemistry and the Evaluation of Mineral Waters in France, 1600-1750.
Abstract Existing literature on mineral springs in early modern France suggests that composition played a minor role in the evaluation of those springs. In fact it played a major role from at least the beginning of the seventeenth century. Composition was studied by a wide range of actors, from physicians in the provinces to chemists at the Paris Academy of Science, with a view to establishing the efficacy of particular springs against particular diseases. Iatrochemistry played a complex role in these evaluations. Followers of Paracelsus and van Helmont were among the first to perform chemical analyses on mineral ...
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Bycroft M Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Experimental Clinical Medicine and Drug Action in Mid-Seventeenth-Century Leiden.
Abstract Leiden University boasted one of the most popular and influential medical schools of the mid-seventeenth century, drawing hundreds of students from across Europe. These students participated in the revival of frequent clinical instruction, anatomical and chymical experiments, and even tests of supposed disease-causing substances and remedies on living animals and humans. Comparing records of cases from the hospital clinic with the professors' treatises and student-authored disputations shows that old and new theories of disease and drug action were hotly contested and often tested, including the claims of...
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Ragland ER Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Testing Drugs and Attesting Cures: Pharmaceutical Monopolies and Military Contracts in Eighteenth-Century France.
This article explores the role of testing in the allocation of royal monopoly privileges for drugs in eighteenth-century France by following the multi-generational fortunes of a single "secret remedy" from 1713 to 1776: the poudre fébrifuge of the Chevalier de Guiller. On at least five occasions, this drug was tested on patients in order to decide whether it should be protected by a privilege and whether or not its vendors should be awarded lucrative contracts to supply it in bulk to the French military. Although efforts were made early in the century to test the drug through large-scale hospital trials an...
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Rivest J Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Playing God: Testing, Modeling, and Imitating Blood Miracles in Eighteenth-Century Europe.
This article reconstructs the debate that sprang up in eighteenth-century Europe over the blood of Saint Januarius and the attempts made to disprove its miraculous properties, often not in written works, but by staging highly theatrical demonstrations. It examines the way in which, with phenomena as complex as miracles, the activities of testing alleged facts, creating elucidative models, and staging imitations intertwined over the centuries, often overlapping and becoming confused. PMID: 28757501 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: De Ceglia FP Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Therapeutic Proofs and Medical Truths: The Enduring Legacy of Early Modern Drug Trials.
PMID: 28757502 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Greene JA Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

News and Events.
Authors: PMID: 28757503 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Popular Medicine in America 1800-1900.
PMID: 28757504 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Kline W Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

The Osler Library Prints Collection.
PMID: 28757505 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: McKellar S Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

Books Received.
Authors: PMID: 28757506 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical History)
Source: Medical History - August 3, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Bull Hist Med Source Type: research

The Dishwater Menace and the Compromising Solution: Healthy Drinking Spaces and the Public Good in Post-Prohibition Ontario.
Abstract This paper examines inter-bureaucracy tension, negotiation, and resolution in the case of the oversight of beverage room sanitation in Ontario in the 1930s and 1940s. Both the Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO) and various public health authorities claimed authority over the health status of public drinking spaces. But the LCBO had legislative priority. The ensuing debates regarding health and cleanliness linked issues of beverage room glass sanitation to a biopolitical approach to public drinking. Developing a more scientifically sophisticated approach to beverage glass cleaning required a balancing ...
Source: Medical History - July 21, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Malleck D Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

Vaccines, Pesticides, and Narratives of Exposure and Evidence.
Abstract This essay considers the cultural work performed by two public health narratives - the DDT narrative and the vaccine narrative - as they appeared in popular and professional discourse concerning two recent media events: controversy over an antivaccination film, and the emergence of a Zika global public health emergency. Like all narratives in the history of medicine, the stories historians and others tell about DDT and about vaccines organize a shared past to explain the present. They also point to a hoped-for future. The DDT and vaccine narratives share several themes: public health, expertise, evidence,...
Source: Medical History - July 14, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Conis E Tags: Can Bull Med Hist Source Type: research

A 'Suitable Soil': Plague's Urban Breeding Grounds at the Dawn of the Third Pandemic.
Abstract A pressing question during the first half-decade of the third plague pandemic (1894-9) was what was a 'suitable soil' for the disease. The question related to plague's perceived ability to disappear from a given city only to reappear at some future point; a phenomenon that became central to scientific investigations of the disease. However, rather than this simply having a metaphorical meaning, the debate around plague's 'suitable soil' actually concerned the material reality of the soil itself. The prevalence of plague in the working-class neighbourhood of Taipingshan during the first major outbreak of t...
Source: Medical History - June 13, 2017 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Lynteris C Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research