Editorial Board
Publication date: April 2020Source: Lingua, Volume 238Author(s): (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - April 5, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

A reconsideration of the syntax of Chinese relative structures
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Cai-Mei Yang, Tiao-Yuan Mao, Bing Bai (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - April 2, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Extensive reading and viewing as input for academic vocabulary: A large-scale vocabulary profile coverage study of students’ reading and writing across multiple secondary school subjects
Publication date: Available online 25 March 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Clarence Green (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 26, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Polish iterative stress and its phonetic parameters in quiet vs. noisy environments
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Beata Łukaszewicz, Ewa Zajbt, Janina Mołczanow (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 21, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Fitting into a more appealing diaspora than my own: Positioning Ecuadorian and Honduran migrants within the Newark-area, Portuguese-centric diaspora community of Newark, New Jersey, U.S.A.
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Anne Ambler Schluter (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 21, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: April 2020Source: Lingua, Volume 237Author(s): (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 18, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Publisher Note
Publication date: April 2020Source: Lingua, Volume 237Author(s): (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 18, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Multicompetent EFL writers’ use of language repertoire during the composing process across languages: A case study
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Tzu-Shan Chang (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 14, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Do evidential markers always convey epistemic values? A look into three Ibero-Romance reportatives
Publication date: Available online 13 March 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Begoña Sanromán Vilas (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 14, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Passives in Chinese speakers' L2 English
Publication date: Available online 7 March 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Stano Kong (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 8, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Semantic dilution in the extension of complex and schematic constructions: Evidence from Chinese status-change construction
Publication date: Available online 3 March 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Rui Peng (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Animacy and agentivity of Subject Themes in English-German translation
Publication date: Available online 3 March 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Arndt Heilmann, Tatiana Serbina, Jonas Freiwald, Stella Neumann (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Distinctions between two forms of Chinese adjective-noun combinations
Publication date: Available online 29 February 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Xu Xu, Zheng Xu, Ruiqi Ren, Aini Li, Tian Shen, Tianqi Wang, Mark Aronoff (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Morpheme dislocation in Eastern Andalusian Spanish plurals
Publication date: Available online 29 February 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Alfredo Herrero de Haro (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - March 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

The existence of L1 influence on the course of development of L2 representation: Evidence from L2 acquisition of verb phrase ellipsis
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Lulu Zhang (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - February 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: March 2020Source: Lingua, Volume 236Author(s): (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - February 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Mediating cross-cultural differences in research article rhetorical moves in academic translation: A pilot corpus-based study of abstracts
This article aims to explore the differences in rhetorical preferences between independently produced English and Chinese research article abstracts and the strategies used in translating Chinese RAAs into English. RAAs published in three journals between 2006 and 2016 were selected to form three corpora: corpus A consisting of 32 English RAAs, corpus B made up of 38 Chinese RAAs, and corpus C including 38 English RAAs which are translations of the RAAs in corpus B. Corpus A and B form a comparable corpus while corpus B and C constitute a parallel corpus. Results suggest that Chinese and English RAAs have different prefere...
Source: Lingua - February 23, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Capturing injunctive norm in pragmatics: Meta-reflective evaluations and the moral order
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Dániel Z. KádárAbstractThis paper contributes to the development of pragmatic research into norms by revisiting the concept of ‘norm’ beyond how it has been conventionally interpreted in the field, and by also proposing a metapragmatic approach which can be adopted to provide evidence of the operation of norm over and above what has previously been discussed. Regarding the first of these objectives, while pragmatics has studied descriptive norms in detail by focusing on what is usually done or avoided in a particula...
Source: Lingua - February 23, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Intonation and exchange: A dynamic and metafunctional view
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Gerard O’Grady (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - February 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

The syntax-prosody competition: Evidence from adjunct prosodic parsing in iGeneration Taiwanese
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Yuchau E. HsiaoAbstractThe syntax-phonology interface has been widely discussed. This paper probes into the connection between adjunct tone sandhi and phonological phrasing in iGeneration Taiwanese (iGT); the iGeneration grew up with an iPhone (or a smartphone) in hand. The corpus established in this research shows that the iGT speakers tend to parse expressions into shorter fragments, which are by nature prosodic domains on which tone sandhi operates. The syntax-prosody competition is keyed to a set of alignment and prosodic markedness constraints...
Source: Lingua - February 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Instructed highlighting of text passages – Indicator of reading or strategic performance?
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Nora Heyne, Cordula Artelt, Timo Gnambs, Karin Gehrer, Cornelia SchoorAbstractIn contrast to highlighting within self-regulated learning, instructed highlighting refers to the selective marking of text passages to answer given questions about texts which emerges in classroom settings or can be used in test administrations. According to literature, it requires reading processes of different complexity and focusing on and selecting of passages of texts, controlling and regulating processes that are operations of learning strategies. Therefore, we exp...
Source: Lingua - February 14, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Marketization attempts by universities in Hong Kong: An appraisal analysis of institutional responses to quality audit evaluations
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Victor HoAbstractDrawing upon Appraisal Theory as the analytical tool, the study attempts to provide evidence for the marketization of tertiary education by showing how universities in Hong Kong achieve a positive self-presentation with appraisal resources in constructing their responses to quality audit evaluations. The study reveals that a positive self-presentation could materialize through the universities’ use of appraisal resources in pursuing four possible strategies, depending on the favourability of the evaluations: (1) highlighting ...
Source: Lingua - February 11, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: February 2020Source: Lingua, Volume 235Author(s): (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - February 9, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Inferring implications in semantic maps via the Apriori algorithm
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Ni Zeng, Hong XiaoAbstractSemantic maps are powerful tools for analyzing cross-language variations with implications between semantic functions to construct the relevant conceptual space. However, as existing semantic maps cannot illustrate the imbalance of implications between functions, a further discussion of inferring implications is highly demanded. The problem of inferring implications and the imbalance of implications between functions above is similar to the well-known problem of generating all significant association rules between items pur...
Source: Lingua - February 2, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Lexical category bias across interpreting types: Implications for synergy between cognitive constraints and language representations
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Haibo Jia, Junying LiangAbstractWhile previous results based on quantitative approaches to interpreting output have evidenced distinctive lexical, syntactic and language sequence features across interpreting types as a result of processing differences, none of them has probed into the lexical category realm. In this paper, the activity index, a normalized ratio between verb and adjective occurrences in the text, was used to capture the lexical-category-related patterns across output texts of three interpreting types, namely, simultaneous interpretin...
Source: Lingua - February 2, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Will it really happen? Disambiguating of the hypothetical and real “Next Wednesday's meeting” question in Mandarin speakers
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Heng LiAbstractPrevious research has consistently shown that Mandarin speakers tended to adopt the Moving Time perspective when addressing the “Next Wednesday's meeting” question. Using the revised paradigm, Experiment 1 found that Mandarin speakers showed no preference for either the ego-moving perspective or the time-moving perspective when reading the single verb “移动(move)” which lacks a precise spatial meaning, suggesting that the temporal ambiguity of the probe is rooted in the directional neutrality of the verb. Exp...
Source: Lingua - January 31, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Key phrase frames in the discussion section of research articles of higher education
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Seyyed Ehsan Golparvar, Elyas BarabadiAbstractRecent scholarship on phraseology in academic writing has concentrated on phrase frames (p-frames), which are recurrent sequences of identical words with a variable slot. The present study purports to identify the key phrase frames in the discussion section of research articles of higher education. The corpus used in this research consists of the discussions of research articles published from 2013 to 2018 in thirteen leading journals in the field of higher education. The p-frames extracted by KfNgram we...
Source: Lingua - January 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2020Source: Lingua, Volume 234Author(s): (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - January 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Pronunciation of Italian and English words by Japanese subjects of different ages: The results of an experiment
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Edoardo Lombardi VallauriAbstractThe paper reports an experiment aimed at verifying the performance in the pronunciation of foreign sequences (in Italian, English and invented words) by Japanese in preschool, school and adult age. The results show that progress through age, even for the same phonetic sequences, is greater in English words, suggesting that the word, rather than the phonetic sequence, is the language unit that speakers learn to pronounce correctly. It is proposed that there may be a minor disturbing role of the katakana syllabic writi...
Source: Lingua - January 15, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

QP for indefiniteness: With special reference to Sinhala and Chinese
Publication date: Available online 6 January 2020Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Jiajuan Xiong, Chu-Ren HuangAbstractThis paper proposes a QP account for indefiniteness in a range of languages, with QP being situated between DP and NumP. This proposal differs from the traditional DP framework crucially in two aspects: (i) definiteness and indefiniteness are expressed by DP and QP, respectively, and their co-occurrence is theoretically allowed, under due circumstances; (ii) both [Spec, DP] and [Spec, QP] can serve as the landing sites for an XP under a wh-movement, which can thus be associated with both definiteness and indefinite...
Source: Lingua - January 8, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Post-head negation in Tujia
Publication date: Available online 24 December 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Man Lu, Jeroen van de Weijer, Zhengguang LiuAbstractThis paper aims to provide a comprehensive description of the negation system of Tujia, an endangered Sino-Tibetan language spoken in south-central China. There are five negators, which display a mixed pre-head and post-head word order. Simple verb negation is usually post-head, but in existential constructions the negator precedes the verb, while in imperative constructions negation can either follow or precede the head. We argue that there is only one original negator, and the other forms result...
Source: Lingua - December 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

“Nordic Cool” and writing system mimicry in global linguistic landscapes
This study explores how Nordic orthographic features are capitalised on in international marketing to elevate the images of various brands. Nordic words and graphemes can be used to evoke positive associations that the consumer may have relating to the region (e.g. associations of ‘nature’, ‘simplicity’, or even ‘luxury’), or simply to index foreigness, globalism, or exclusivity (Jaworski, 2015a). (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - December 24, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2020Source: Lingua, Volume 233Author(s): (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - December 21, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Reformulating via conceptual translation: What agnation patterns in American Economic student academic writing can reveal for EAP teachers and students
Publication date: Available online 18 December 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Ning Liu, Derek IrwinAbstractOne goal of discipline-specific academic assignments is translating observations of the actual world into disciplinary explanations. Students thereby prove that they can connect sophisticated field knowledge with general experience. To contribute linguistic evidence regarding how this process works, the present research examines particular patterns of agnation (via Halliday and Matthiessen, 2014, p. 49): the ways in which one semantic component of the text is related to another one, even if the two components do not nec...
Source: Lingua - December 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

On dissolving the A/A-bar distinction and the status of preverbal DPs in NSLs: A reply to Alahdal
Publication date: Available online 18 December 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Marwan JarrahAbstractIn this paper, we first argue against Alahdal's (2018) account of feature inheritance of the Edge Feature (EF) from C0 to T0 in null subject languages (NSLs), including (Modern Standard) Arabic. Alahdal proposes that Spec,TP becomes a position that exhibits A/A-bar properties in Arabic when T0 inherits EF from C0. We explore the defects of this argument, highlighting its conceptual and empirical inconsistencies. We also show that this argument suffers from internal problems which speak against its theoretical validity. Second, ...
Source: Lingua - December 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Transitivity-ergativity perspectives on causation in legal texts: A contrastive study of Arabic and English website terms of service
Publication date: Available online 18 December 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Akila Sellami-BakloutiAbstractThe description of grammatical systems of languages constitutes one of the major objectives of Systemic Functional Linguistics (SFL). The present study investigates the system of causation in English and Arabic in a contrastive perspective, and aims to show that in addition to typological differences, the lexicogrammatical realisation of causation may be activated by contextual factors. To this end, the instances of causation in three parallel corpora of website Terms of Service (TOS) are explored from transitivity and...
Source: Lingua - December 18, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Metalanguage and subjectivity in indirect reports
This study attempts to show that Persian reporters, just like English speakers, are able to indicate their divergence from the original utterances in indirect reporting. The metalanguage comments in the Persian indirect reports highlighted situations where reporters monitored (i.e. self-regulated) themselves by changing the verbs of saying (e.g. ‘said’, ‘claimed’, etc.), assessing the appropriateness of the discourse and communicating uncertainty. We also discuss a number of examples where there was disagreement in the Persian indirect reports (the original speakers did not accept the report to be g...
Source: Lingua - December 18, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Gender identification in Chinese names
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Jeroen van de Weijer, Guangyuan Ren, Joost van de Weijer, Weiyun Wei, Yumeng WangAbstractIn this paper we discuss a number of factors that bear on the question if a Chinese given name is more likely to refer to a female or a male. In some cases this can be determined (with some degree of confidence) – in others it cannot. We identify the relevant factors as 1) gender-identifying characters or radicals; 2) sound symbolism and 3) reduplication. We consider the relations between these factors, and test our predictions in a psycholinguistic exper...
Source: Lingua - December 14, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

A top-down, parser-friendly approach to pied-piping and operator movement
This article explores the phenomenon of pied-piping within the context of two assumptions. The first assumption is that a realistic natural language parser must assign incoming words incrementally into the syntactic representation as it is built during the parsing process. The second assumption is that this process makes use of Merge, the core recursive operation in syntax. These assumptions lead us to consider an extension of the standard theory of Merge, in which phrase structure is derived from a linear string of words in a left-to-right/top-down fashion (e.g. Phillips, 1996, Phillips, 2003). We propose a generalization...
Source: Lingua - December 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

A novel multidimensional analysis of writing styles of editorials from China Daily and The New York Times
This study provides novel insights into peculiar and unique writing styles in both American and Chinese English persuasive writing. (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - December 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Do teenagers know how to use connectives from the written mode?
Publication date: Available online 30 November 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Sandrine Zufferey, Pascal GygaxAbstractConnectives are complex lexical items for children, who do not even master connectives used frequently in speech until the end of their primary school years. In this paper, we assess the ability of two groups of 16-year-olds from two different academic levels (i.e., high school vs. professional school students), as well as a group of university students, to use four French connectives bound to the written mode in a constrained production task. These connectives were chosen to assess three potential sources of ...
Source: Lingua - December 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

The use of genitive citations in academic writing
Publication date: Available online 26 November 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Hongyan Zhao, Hongwei ZhanAbstractCitation, an indispensable feature of academic English writing, is often regarded as an indication of the degree of sophistication in academic writing. Building on previous studies that have shown the importance of integral citation in academic writing, this study investigates one of the subcategories of integral citation: “genitive citation” (e.g., Smith's study, where ’s denotes a possessive relationship: the study is in Smith's possession, so Smith is the possessor, study is the possessee). Bas...
Source: Lingua - November 27, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

The development on transposed-letter effect in English word recognition: Evidence from Late unbalanced Chinese-English bilinguals
Publication date: Available online 26 November 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Yu Chen, Huan Liu, Miao Yu, Jianwu DangAbstractThe present study examined the orthographic processing of English visual word recognition in adult Chinese-speaking English learners under the framework of the multiple-route model of reading development. Two groups of adult learners with high and low English proficiency finished a forward-masked lexical decision task. The results showed a complicated scenario on transposed-letter effects, implying that the late unbalanced Chinese-English bilinguals with low English proficiency still needed to adopt a ...
Source: Lingua - November 27, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2019Source: Lingua, Volume 232Author(s): (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - November 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Lexical semantics in advanced second language French: The acquisition of genericity
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Abdelkader HermasAbstractThe study considered the genericity of count nouns among L1 Arabic adult learners advanced in L2 French. The experimental task was a context-based acceptability judgment test on the interpretation of five nominal forms in NP-level and sentence-level generic contexts: definite, indefinite and bare singulars in addition to definite and bare plurals. The results revealed that the L2 learners did not perform to a nativelike degree. Additionally, their response pattern demonstrated that they did not differentiate between the two...
Source: Lingua - November 16, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

“There are significant differences…”: The secret life of existential there in academic writing
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Feng (Kevin) Jiang, Ken HylandAbstractWhile numerous interactive aspects of academic writing have attracted attention in recent years, one common feature which has escaped scrutiny is “existential there” (as in “there are significant differences”). Based on a corpus of 80 research articles from four disciplines, this study explores the ‘secret life’ of this construction, revealing how academic writers use it to organise their arguments and persuade peers of their claims. In contrast to the style guides which regar...
Source: Lingua - November 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: November 2019Source: Lingua, Volume 231Author(s): (Source: Lingua)
Source: Lingua - October 28, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

The varieties of verbal irony: a new neo-Gricean taxonomy
Publication date: Available online 25 October 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Arthur SullivanAbstractThis paper has two interconnected goals – one defensive and fairly conservative, the other more novel and enterprising. The first goal is to defend a broadly Gricean approach to verbal irony from the post-Gricean criticisms which have emerged in the intervening literature – i.e., all things considered, verbal irony is best viewed as one among many species of particularized conversational implicature. The subsequent goal is to work toward developing a significantly original theory of verbal irony, within this Gricea...
Source: Lingua - October 26, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Is dependency distance experiencing a process of minimization? A diachronic study based on the State of the Union addresses
Publication date: Available online 24 October 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Lei Lei, Ju WenAbstractDependency distance has been considered a valid measure of syntactic complexity, and it has been extensively investigated in various contexts. One interesting line of research focuses on the issue of dependency distance minimization. Studies have shown that dependency distance has been experiencing a process of minimization in order to adapt to the limited resource of human working memory. However, little is known of whether dependency distance also tends to minimize across a long span of time. If dependency distance tends to ...
Source: Lingua - October 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Formation of the Modern Chinese clause-taking imperative ni kan ‘you see’: A Conjoining pathway account
Publication date: Available online 24 October 2019Source: LinguaAuthor(s): Haiping Long, Xiaoxian Xu, Mengyue Wu, Francesco-Alessio UrsiniAbstractThe formation of the clause-taking imperative ‘you see’ predicate (of literal meaning) is largely neglected in the discussions of the grammatical changes of ‘you see’ predicates, especially in the discussions of the formation of the parenthetical ‘you see’ predicates. The contextual properties of the Modern Chinese clause-taking imperative ni kan ‘you see’ (e.g., Ni kan ni de zhe ge zhenjiao zhi de tebie de zhengqi. ‘You see, ...
Source: Lingua - October 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research