The role of achievement emotions in the collaborative problem-solving performance of adolescents
Publication date: February 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 70Author(s): Jesus Camacho-Morles, Gavin R. Slemp, Lindsay G. Oades, Lucy Morrish, Claire ScoularAbstractWe explored the relationship between adolescents' activity-based achievement emotions and their performance during collaborative problem solving (CPS) tasks, which was operationalized as having objective social and cognitive performance dimensions. Participants were 100 adolescent dyads (n = 200) who completed a series of five computer-based CPS tasks while their activity emotions of enjoyment, boredom, and anger were recorded. It was...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Profiling upper primary school students' self-regulated learning through self-report questionnaires and think-aloud protocol analysis
This study explores the occurrence of different self-regulated learning (SRL) profiles in upper primary school children by means of a general self-report questionnaire and think-aloud protocol analysis. Further, it investigates the relation of students' SRL profile with their general achievement level and gender on the one hand and with their test performance on the other hand. Cluster analysis on the self-report questionnaire shows the presence of four profiles (i.e., active learners with high quantity motivation, active learners with high quality motivation, passive learners with low quantity motivation, passive learners...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The consistency and cognitive predictors of children's oral language, reading, and math learning profiles
Publication date: February 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 70Author(s): Lisa M.D. Archibald, Janis Oram Cardy, Daniel Ansari, Thomas Olino, Marc F. JoanisseAbstractEfforts to understand learning disorders in children by focusing on specific domains and within restricted ability ranges have failed to identify consistent and stable learning profiles. Given evidence for dimensional distribution of oral language, reading, and mathematical skills among those identified with and without learning disorders, examining learning across a range of abilities and domains should provide a better estimate of learn...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Predicting educational attainment: Does grit compensate for low levels of cognitive ability?
This study examined the role of cognitive ability in moderating grit's association with educational outcomes. Using a large, representative sample of young adults, we estimated probit models for the probability of graduating from high school, enrolling in college, earning any college degree, and earning a bachelor's degree. For each outcome, the effect of grit (and, alternatively, each lower-order facet) was allowed to differ flexibly with cognitive ability. We found that grit's estimated marginal effect is largely concentrated among students at the high and low ends of the ability distribution. The low-ability effect is m...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Profiles of academic, cognitive, and behavioral development from kindergarten to third grade
This study examined the associations between academic knowledge, executive functions, and behavioral skills in kindergarten and third grade among children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – Kindergarten Class of 2010–2011. Cross-sectional latent profile analyses (LPAs) were estimated to examine profiles of academic (i.e., math and reading), cognitive (i.e., executive function), and behavioral (i.e., approaches to learning and externalizing behaviors) skills among children in kindergarten (N = 15,770) and third grade (N = 11,730). Multilevel, multinomial logistic regression models were estimated...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does fluid intelligence facilitate the learning of English as a foreign language?—A longitudinal latent growth curve analysis
Publication date: February 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 70Author(s): Tobias Debatin, Bettina Harder, Albert ZieglerAbstractThe relationship between intelligence and learning is still a controversial topic. The study at hand examined, via growth curve analysis, if fluid intelligence predicts long-term learning rates of foreign language acquisition in English. From the beginning of grade 5 to the middle of grade 7, N = 521 students were tested four times with Rasch-scaled English achievement tests. Intrinsic motivation was measured as a control variable. Fluid intelligence and intrinsic motivat...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The interplay between preschool teachers' science self-efficacy beliefs, their teaching practices, and girls' and boys' early science motivation
Publication date: February 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 70Author(s): Elisa Oppermann, Martin Brunner, Yvonne AndersAbstractChildren develop motivational beliefs about science in their preschool years and these beliefs are considered important precursors of children's future science motivation. Yet, it remains unclear how children's science motivation is shaped by their preschool teachers' own beliefs and practices. With over 90% female teachers, gender may play an important role in this relation. The present study investigates the relation between preschool teachers' and children's science motiva...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Child-centered and teacher-directed practices in relation to calculation and word problem solving skills
This study examined transactional associations between classroom-level math skills and teaching practices. Participants were 523 children from 31 classrooms. Math skills were assessed three times. Teaching practices were observed in Grades 1 and 3. Child-centered practices promoted subsequent calculation skills whereas teacher-directed practices were associated with a lower level of calculation skills. Higher problem-solving skills at Grade 2 predicted more child-centered practices and less teacher-directed practices in third grade. Moreover, calculation skills mediated the effect of child-centered practices on problem-sol...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

School-related stress among sixth-grade students – Associations with academic buoyancy and temperament
Publication date: February 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 70Author(s): Riikka Hirvonen, Laura Yli-Kivistö, David W. Putwain, Timo Ahonen, Noona KiuruAbstractThe present study examined to what extent sixth-grade students' academic buoyancy and temperament contributed to their school-related stress. A total of 845 students rated their school-related stress at the beginning and end of the school year and their academic buoyancy at the beginning of the year. Parents rated students' effortful control and negative affectivity. The results showed that high academic buoyancy, high effortful control, a...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Profile of second language learners' metacognitive awareness and academic motivation for successful listening: A latent class analysis
Publication date: February 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 70Author(s): Yuah V. Chon, Tacksoo ShinAbstractMetacognitive awareness (MA) and academic motivation (AcM) play an important role in self-regulated learning (SRL). However, little is known about the different profiles of self-regulated learners in EFL (English as a Foreign Language) middle schools who are trying to improve their second language listening skills. The aim of the study was to theorize and confirm intraindividual differences in the patterns of students' motivational-metacognitive profiles in reference to their listening ability b...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-regulatory efficacy and sources of efficacy in elementary school pupils: Self-regulatory experiences in a population sample and pupils with attention and executive function difficulties
In this study, we examined self-regulatory efficacy and sources of self-efficacy (mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, social persuasion and physiological/emotional states) and the relationships between self-efficacy and its sources among elementary school pupils. Two groups were compared: a population sample (PS, N = 1284) and pupils with difficulties in attention and executive functions (AED, N = 61). Data gathered from self-report questionnaires indicated that pupils in the PS group had more positive efficacy beliefs and mastery experiences and fewer negative physiological/emotional states than the AED gr...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - January 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-determined motivation profiles among undergraduate students: A robust test of profile similarity as a function of gender and age
This study examines profiles of undergraduate students defined based on their types of behavioral regulation, as proposed by self-determination theory, as well as the similarity of these academic motivation profiles as a function of gender and age. This research also documents the implications of these profiles for students' vitality and investigates the role of maternal and paternal involvement, autonomy support, and warmth in predicting profile membership. A total of 1072 undergraduate students participated in this study (Mage = 22.7 years; 58.4% female). To test for profile similarity, participants were divided in...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining the association of over-claiming with mathematics achievement
This study investigated the association of over-claiming with student achievement in mathematics from mixture modeling. We examined three competing models to find relationships between over-claiming, reported familiarity, and mathematics achievement. We then identified latent classes by use of the three variables. This latent class analysis examined the existence of subpopulations, which revealed the disguised details of the relationship between over-claiming, reported familiarity, and mathematics achievement. The results of this study represent findings from a sample of 15-year-olds across the United States (n = 4978)...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - January 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 69Author(s): (Source: Learning and Individual Differences)
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - January 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of emotional labor in explaining teachers' enthusiasm and students' outcomes: A multilevel mediational analysis
Publication date: February 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 70Author(s): Irena BurićAbstractThe aim of the present study was to explore the role of teachers' emotional labor in explaining their enthusiasm, as perceived by their students, and the students' outcomes. Data on emotional labor from 90 high-school teachers and data on perceived teacher enthusiasm, intrinsic motivation, positive affect, and deep learning strategy from their students (N = 2019) were obtained. In order to account for the nested structure of the data and to examine the relationships between study constructs, a multilevel ...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - January 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Boys and girls gain in spatial, but not in mathematical ability after mental rotation training in primary education
Publication date: February 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 70Author(s): Antonio Rodán, Patricia Gimeno, M. Rosa Elosúa, Pedro R. Montoro, María José ContrerasAbstractSeveral studies have shown that spatial skills can be improved and are linked to mathematical reasoning. However, there are few studies that have evaluated the effect of Mental Rotation (MR) training on mathematical performance in children aged 6–8 years. One of the studies has shown a transfer towards a mathematical task, while the other has failed to demonstrate it. The present study investigated wi...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - January 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive social relationships with peers and teachers as moderators of the Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect
This study aims at analyzing social relationships as potential moderators of the BFLPE, focusing on two core partners in classrooms: peers and teachers. Multilevel structural equation modeling was applied to test the moderator hypotheses, drawing on data from a sample of N = 7004 secondary school students. Whereas no support was found for a moderating effect of peer relationships, data supported the assumed moderation of the BFLPE through student-teacher relationships. Students with positive teacher relations experienced smaller BFLPEs than students with negative or average teacher relations. The study illustrates how ...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - January 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Development of math anxiety and its longitudinal relationships with arithmetic achievement among primary school children
Publication date: January 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 69Author(s): Riikka Sorvo, Tuire Koponen, Helena Viholainen, Tuija Aro, Eija Räikkönen, Pilvi Peura, Asko Tolvanen, Mikko AroAbstractThe aim of this study is to examine the development of two separable aspects of math anxiety, anxiety about math-related situations and anxiety about failure in math, and their cross-lagged relationship with arithmetic achievement. The mean level of anxiety about math-related situations decreased among second, third, and fourth graders, and the level of anxiety about failure in math declined among thir...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - January 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How transformational lecturers promote students' engagement, creativity, and task performance: The mediating role of trust in lecturer and self-efficacy
Publication date: January 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 69Author(s): Daniela Pachler, Angela Kuonath, Dieter FreyAbstractIn today's fast changing and increasingly complex environments the promotion of ongoing employees' task and contextual performance is an important issue. Thus, this longitudinal study investigates the impact of transformational teaching which is derived from transformational leadership concept on students' motivational states (course-related self-efficacy and trust in teacher) and subsequently on students' increased engagement, creativity and task performance in higher education...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Do girls take school too seriously? Investigating gender differences in school burnout from a self-worth perspective
Publication date: January 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 69Author(s): Julia Herrmann, Karoline Koeppen, Ursula KesselsAbstractRecent investigations have suggested that a considerable percentage of teenagers, especially those in academic track schools, report school-related burnout symptoms (exhaustion, cynicism and inadequacy). Low school achievement and female gender are discussed as risk factors for the syndrome. We investigated school burnout from an individual differences perspective, focusing on aspects of self-esteem (global self-esteem; academic contingent self-esteem) and their associations...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Direct and interactive effects of perceived teacher-student relationship and grit on student wellbeing among stay-behind early adolescents in urban China
Publication date: January 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 69Author(s): Xiaoyu Lan, Ughetta MoscardinoAbstractThis cross-sectional study aimed to compare student wellbeing operationalized as learning engagement, satisfaction with peer relations, and school satisfaction between urban stay-behind early adolescents and their non-stay-behind counterparts in Mainland China. Furthermore, we tested whether the expected relationship between perceived teacher-student relationship quality and student wellbeing was moderated by grit. Participants were 143 stay-behind (43.4% girls) and 297 non-stay-behind (52.9%...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of adolescents' temperament in their positive and negative emotions as well as in psychophysiological reactions during achievement situations
This study examined the role of adolescents' (n = 190) temperament in their emotional reactions in achievement situations. Adolescents rated their temperament (i.e., surgency/extraversion, negative affectivity, effortful control) and completed achievement tasks in Grade 6. They also reported their emotions before and during challenging and non-challenging tasks. In addition, adolescents' autonomic nervous system reactions (i.e., skin conductance levels) were recorded. The results showed that high effortful control was related to higher levels of positive emotions independent of the degree of task difficulty. Low negati...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Changes in students' psychological well-being during transition from primary school to lower secondary school: A person-centered approach
Publication date: January 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 69Author(s): T.E. Virtanen, K. Vasalampi, M. Torppa, M.-K. Lerkkanen, J.-E. NurmiAbstractThis person-centered study examined the patterns and the dynamics of pattern change based on 1666 Finnish students' self-reported psychological well-being during the transition from primary school to lower secondary school. Moreover, we examined the stability in the profile memberships and the influence of changes in perceived support from teachers, families, and peers on changes in students' psychological well-being. Six student profiles were identified ...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The effects of refutation texts on generating explanations
Publication date: January 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 69Author(s): Kelsey K. Will, Andalusia Masad, Haley A. Vlach, Panayiota KendeouAbstractThe aim of the present study was to examine the effect of refutation texts on generating explanations and explore individual differences in quality of explanations. Seventy-five undergraduates read refutation and non-refutation texts addressing common scientific misconceptions and completed a two-tier post-test including True/False and open-ended questions. Readers' written post-test explanations were coded on accuracy and quality dimensions. The analysis o...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A person-centered investigation of patterns in college students' perceptions of motivation in a course
This study extends person-centered research on student motivation by providing a multidimensional and dynamic illustration of patterns in individuals' motivation-related perceptions. (Source: Learning and Individual Differences)
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The specificity of associations between cognition and attainment in English, maths and science during adolescence
Publication date: January 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 69Author(s): Georgina Donati, Emma L. Meaburn, Iroise DumontheilAbstractExecutive functions (EFs) are predictive of early academic attainment. However, there is little research investigating whether academic outcomes are differentially associated with cognitive abilities during adolescence, when EFs are still developing. Using a large population-based sample, three latent components, working memory, inhibitory control, and processing speed, were characterised from ten cognitive tasks. These components were used in structural equation models a...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of weekly need-based experiences and self-criticism in predicting weekly academic (mal)adjustment
Publication date: January 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 69Author(s): Beatrijs Vandenkerckhove, Bart Soenens, Jolene Van der Kaap-Deeder, Katrijn Brenning, Patrick Luyten, Maarten VansteenkisteAbstractThe present study aims to examine the role of both adolescents' weekly experiences of psychological need satisfaction and frustration and adolescents' self-criticism in their weekly variation in academic adjustment. A sample of 82 adolescents (mean age = 12.45 years; 42% female) provided weekly assessments of the psychological needs and academic adjustment during three consecutive weeks. Multile...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 10, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Individual differences in statistical learning predict children's reading ability in a semi-transparent orthography
This study of sixty-five Norwegian school children (M = 10.3 years) found that performance on an independent statistical learning task predicted a small, but unique amount of variance in reading ability in Norwegian, even when a number of other reading-related cognitive skills were taken into account. This suggests that children's implicit learning of statistical regularities is associated with proficiency with written language in a semi-transparent orthography such as Norwegian. (Source: Learning and Individual Differences)
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The relationship of personality traits and different measures of domain-specific achievement in upper secondary education
This study examined the relationship of personality traits with academic achievement, while controlling for cognitive ability. We considered two domains (Mathematics and English as a foreign language) and three achievement measures, capitalizing on a sample of N = 3637 students in upper secondary education (year 13, age M = 19.92 years) in Germany. First, we aimed to replicate previous results on grades and test scores. Second, we aimed to extend the body of research by adding final examinations—a school-based performance test—as a third measure. Our findings indicate an incremental predictive validit...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Beyond academic achievement goals: The importance of social achievement goals in explaining gender differences in self-handicapping
In this study, 536 secondary school students in England (ages 13–14) reported their social achievement goals, academic achievement goals, and self-handicapping behaviours. Boys were more likely to adopt social demonstration goals, performance-approach and -avoidance goals, and reported greater behavioural self-handicapping. Moreover, structural equation models showed that social demonstration goals uniquely mediated the relationship between gender and self-handicapping, beyond the effect of performance-avoidance goals. Results highlight the importance of social achievement goals in explaining gender differences in se...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - December 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The relation between mathematics vocabulary and mathematics performance among fourth graders
Publication date: January 2019Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 69Author(s): Peng Peng, Xin LinAbstractThe role of mathematics vocabulary in mathematics has received increasing attention in recent years. Most prior relevant research focused on students in preschool and early elementary grades in the United States and often considered mathematics vocabulary as a single construct in relation to one mathematics outcome. In the current study, we explored how different types of mathematics vocabulary emphasized in curriculum are related to different mathematics outcomes among students in 4th grade in China. Da...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Profiles of literacy skills among Chinese preschoolers: Antecedents and consequences of profile membership
This study aimed to identify distinct early literacy profiles among Chinese preschoolers based on receptive vocabulary, expressive vocabulary, and Chinese character recognition using latent profile analyses. We further explored family-related predictors of children's profile classifications and the relations between children's profile classifications and their mathematical and science skills. This study involved 656 Chinese preschoolers (Mean age = 5.04 years; 49.1% girls). Four profiles emerged: (1) Lowest Overall (24.1%), (2) Low Average (43.9%), (3) High Vocabulary, Average Chinese Character Recognition (23.5%), a...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - November 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Associations of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at school entry with early academic progress in children born prematurely and full-term controls
This study examined associations of a caregiver-based diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in kindergarten with early learning progress in 139 extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight (EPT/ELBW, gestational age
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - November 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of study engagement in university students' daily experiences: A multilevel test of moderation
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Learning and Individual DifferencesAuthor(s): Elina E. Ketonen, Lars-Erik Malmberg, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Hanni Muukkonen, Heta Tuominen, Kirsti LonkaAbstractThe present study investigated the dynamic nature of students' daily experiences and general study engagement using intra-individual assessment. More specifically, we examined individual differences in the relationship between university students' task-specific value and situational emotions and, further, whether first-year study engagement would moderate this association during the first two years of studies...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - November 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Being over- or underchallenged in class: Effects on students' career aspirations via academic self-concept and boredom
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Learning and Individual DifferencesAuthor(s): Maike Krannich, Thomas Goetz, Anastasiya A. Lipnevich, Madeleine Bieg, Anna-Lena Roos, Eva S. Becker, Vinzenz MorgerAbstractThe current study investigated links between students' level of perceived challenge (being over- or underchallenged) and students' career aspirations. We hypothesized indirect effects of over- and underchallenge on career aspirations via academic self-concept and academic trait boredom and tested our hypotheses in a sample of N = 662 Swiss eleventh grade students in the domains of German, Frenc...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - November 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Miscalibration of self-efficacy and academic performance: Self-efficacy ≠ self-fulfilling prophecy
In this study, we applied procedures used in the meta-cognitive calibration paradigm to investigate the alignment between academic self-efficacy and academic performance (i.e., self-efficacy calibration) in higher education. Undergraduate students (n = 207) completed five self-efficacy questionnaires with regard to academic performance outcomes in one subject over a semester (two written assignments, two exams, and the subject overall). Five corresponding grades were also collected. We calculated two types of self-efficacy calibration scores: self-efficacy accuracy (the deviation between self-efficacy and performance) ...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - November 16, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 68Author(s): (Source: Learning and Individual Differences)
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - November 7, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Childhood preference for spatial toys. Gender differences and relationships with mental rotation in STEM and non-STEM students
This study considered an unexplored experiential factor: childhood preference for spatial toys and sports. It was predicted that the higher the preference for spatial activities in childhood, the higher the mental rotation performance and intrinsic motivation, and likewise the greater the probability of choosing a STEM degree. One hundred seventy-six Italian and German students attending the first year of either a STEM (n = 90) or a no STEM (n = 86) degree filled in the Mental Rotation Test, a self-report to assess intrinsic motivation, and two questionnaires to assess their actual practice with spatial sports and ...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - November 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The effect of perceptions of the teaching-learning environment on the variation in approaches to learning – Between-student differences and within-student variation
Publication date: December 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 68Author(s): Liisa Postareff, Markus Mattsson, Anna ParpalaAbstractThe study explored the extent to which university students' approaches to learning (SAL) are related to their perceptions of the teaching-learning environment (TLE), both at the group level (between-student variation) and at the individual level (within-student variation). Moreover, the study explored how a general tendency to perceive the TLE in a certain way predicts course-specific approaches to learning over and above the course-specific perceptions. The participants were...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - November 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Part-time special education predicts students' reading self-concept development
Publication date: December 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 68Author(s): Pirjo A. Savolainen, Anneke C. Timmermans, Hannu K. SavolainenAbstractThe academic self-concept changes from childhood to early adulthood in relation to experiences of capability in different school tasks and comparison with peers. Students in special education have a lower academic self-concept than their peers do, but it is unclear how part-time special education affects self-concept development. In Finnish schools, part-time special education is learning support that is usually provided for 1–2 h/week in small groups....
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Motivational foundations of self-control and mindfulness and their role in study–leisure conflicts
Publication date: December 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 68Author(s): Axel Grund, Kerstin SenkerAbstractIn the present paper, we compared two self-regulatory capacities, trait self-control and mindfulness, with respect to their potential to help students deal with motivational conflicts between studying and leisure time, by either promoting a selective, normatively oriented versus open-minded, non-judgmental stance toward conflicting motivations. We also investigated the role of value orientations and need satisfaction is this regard. Study 1 (N = 196) initially showed that trait self-control,...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Domain-specific effects of attentional and behavioral control in early literacy and numeracy development
Publication date: December 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 68Author(s): Dieuwer ten Braak, Tijs Kleemans, Ingunn Størksen, Ludo Verhoeven, Eliane SegersAbstractIn a longitudinal study, we investigated the direct and indirect contributions of two aspects of executive functioning - attentional and behavioral control - to the development of early literacy and numeracy in kindergarten and first grade. Ninety children (mean age = 6.0 years at Time 1) were assessed on multiple direct measures of executive functioning, as well as phonological awareness and number sense in kindergarten, and wor...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Individual differences in response to a large-scale language and pre-literacy intervention for preschoolers in Denmark
Publication date: December 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 68Author(s): Philip S. Dale, Jessica Logan, Dorthe Bleses, Anders Højen, Laura JusticeAbstractThe focus of the present study is to evaluate individual differences in response to a large (N = 1898 in the two conditions analyzed here), cluster-randomized, 20-week storybook-based language and emergent literacy intervention (SPELL) for 4–6 year old children in Denmark. Immigrant family status, pretest language and emergent literacy skills, and home literacy experience (HLE) were examined. Gains by the intervention group were e...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: October 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 67Author(s): (Source: Learning and Individual Differences)
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Academic competence and achievement goals: Self-pressure and disruptive behaviors as mediators
Publication date: December 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 68Author(s): Stéphane Duchesne, Simon LaroseAbstractPerceived academic competence is viewed as an important antecedent of students' achievement goals. However, knowledge about the longitudinal associations between these two concepts and their potential mechanisms is poorly documented. The goal of this 2-year prospective study was to test a predictive model linking perceived competence to achievement goals through academic self-pressure and disruptive classroom behaviors. The participants recruited were 339 French Canadian early adoles...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Teacher ability evaluation and changes in elementary student profiles of motivation and performance in mathematics
Publication date: October 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 67Author(s): Rebecca Lazarides, Jaana Viljaranta, Kaisa Aunola, Jari-Erik NurmiAbstractThe aim of this person-centered study is to identify the profiles of interest value, self-concept, and performance in the domain of mathematics among elementary school students and to examine the stability and changes in these profiles from grade 1 to grade 2. Teacher-reported evaluations of students' mathematical ability and gender were examined as predictors of changes in the student profiles. The sample consisted of 237 students (46.8% girls). The latent...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Teachers' and parents' autonomy support and psychological control perceived in junior-high school: Extending the dual-process model of self-determination theory
Publication date: December 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 68Author(s): Jian Li, Mengdi Deng, Xiaohan Wang, Yun TangAbstractGrounded in self-determination theory, the present study investigated the perceived social-contextual relationships between junior-high school adolescents and their teachers and parents. Through a dual-process motivation mediation model, we examined the respective connections between autonomy support and autonomous motivation and between psychological control and controlled motivation, and the predictive effect on students' academic performance and school satisfaction. A sample...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Teacher–child interaction quality, attitudes toward reading, and literacy achievement of Chinese preschool children: Mediation and moderation analysis
This study explores how classroom teaching quality and preschoolers' attitudes toward reading contribute to their literacy achievement in the Chinese context. A moderated mediation model is hypothesized where teacher-child interaction quality predicts children's literacy outcomes via their reading attitudes, but the strength of this whole mediation process is moderated by the level of teacher-child interaction quality. A sample of 567 Chinese kindergarteners from 29 classrooms was recruited to test the hypothesized model using a longitudinal design. The results support our assumptions: teacher's emotional support had a pos...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Achievement goals, behavioural engagement, and mathematics achievement: A mediational analysis
This study contributes to the evidence base for the adaptive role of mastery-approach which can be encouraged by students setting personal best goals, teachers ensuring that feedback is task-focused, and that the classroom climate is mastery-focused. (Source: Learning and Individual Differences)
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Fast and slow strategies in multiplication
Publication date: December 2018Source: Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 68Author(s): Abe D. Hofman, Ingmar Visser, Brenda R.J. Jansen, Maarten Marsman, Han L.J. van der MaasAbstractIn solving multiplication problems, children use both fast retrieval-based processes and slower computational processes. In the current study, we explore the possibility of disentangling these strategies using information contained in the observed response latencies using a method that is applicable in large data sets.We used a tree-based item response-modeling framework (De Boeck & Partchev, 2012) to investigate whether the propo...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - October 5, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research