The opioid epidemic and crisis in US: how about Korea?
Authors: Lee JH PMID: 31569915 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Stem cell therapy in pain medicine.
Authors: Han YH, Kim KH, Abdi S, Kim TK Abstract Stem cells are attracting attention as a key element in future medicine, satisfying the desire to live a healthier life with the possibility that they can regenerate tissue damaged or degenerated by disease or aging. Stem cells are defined as undifferentiated cells that have the ability to replicate and differentiate themselves into various tissues cells. Stem cells, commonly encountered in clinical or preclinical stages, are largely classified into embryonic, adult, and induced pluripotent stem cells. Recently, stem cell transplantation has been frequently applied t...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of N-acetylcysteine and verapamil in Wistar rats.
Conclusions: NAC and verapamil have antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects comparable to diclofenac sodium. PMID: 31569917 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Quantitative assessment of steroid amount in the tissue after epidural steroid injection: a new rabbit model.
Authors: Cho J, Lee JW, Lee E, Kang Y, Cho HR, Kim DY, Ho MJ, Kang MJ, Choi YS Abstract Background: To develop a rabbit epidural steroid injection (ESI) model for analyzing steroid retention in the tissue, and to assess the difference in steroid retention in the model according to the location and time elapsed after ESI. Methods: Fluoroscopy-guided ESI was performed using the interlaminar approach between the lowest two lumbar segments in 13 female New Zealand white rabbits. Four rabbits were allocated to each of three different groups according to the time of sacrifice: 3, 7, and 15 days post-ESI; the remainin...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Increased white matter diffusivity associated with phantom limb pain.
Conclusions: The phantom limb pain after unilateral arm amputation induced plasticity in the white matter. We conclude that loss of white matter integrity, particularly in the hemisphere connected with the missing hand, is significantly correlated with phantom limb pain. PMID: 31569919 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

The effect of needle tip position on the analgesic efficacy of pulsed radiofrequency treatment in patients with chronic lumbar radicular pain: a retrospective observational study.
Conclusions: The analgesic efficacy of PRF treatment did not differ with the needle tip position. PMID: 31569920 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

PECS II block is associated with lower incidence of chronic pain after breast surgery.
Authors: Cassai A, Bonanno C, Sandei L, Finozzi F, Carron M, Marchet A Abstract Background: Breast cancer is complicated by a high incidence of chronic postoperative pain (25%-60%). Regional anesthesia might play an important role in lowering the incidence of chronic pain; however it is not known if the pectoral nerve block (PECS block), which is commonly used for breast surgery, is able to prevent this complication. Our main objective was therefore to detect any association between the PECS block and chronic pain at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months in patients undergoing breast surgery. Methods: We conducted a prospecti...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Complex regional pain syndrome in the young male population: a retrospective study of 200 Korean young male patients.
Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that manifestation of CRPS in the young Korean population was more common in male and among those male CRPS patients, about half the cases developed during the military service period. PMID: 31569922 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Are steroids required in the treatment of ganglion impar blockade in chronic coccydynia? a prospective double-blinded clinical trial.
Conclusions: Ganglion impar blockade decreases pain in the treatment of chronic coccydynia and improve depression. Addition of steroids in a ganglion impar blockade is required for treatment response that should accumulate over a long period of time. PMID: 31569923 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

New insights into pathways of the dorsal scapular nerve and artery for selective dorsal scapular nerve blockade.
Conclusions: Results of this study enhance the current knowledge regarding the pathway of the DSN and DSA and provide helpful information for selective diagnostic nerve blocks in the interscapular region. PMID: 31569924 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Questions and comments on the efficacy of transforaminal laser annuloplasty versus intradiscal radiofrequency annuloplasty for discogenic low back pain.
Authors: Jo D PMID: 31569925 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Author's reply.
Authors: Park CH PMID: 31569926 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 3, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Artemisinin and the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine 2015.
Authors: Park JY PMID: 31257822 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Lumbar foraminal neuropathy: an update on non-surgical management.
Authors: Choi YK Abstract Lumbar foraminal pathology causing entrapment of neurovascular contents and radicular symptoms are commonly associated with foraminal stenosis. Foraminal neuropathy can also be derived from inflammation of the neighboring lateral recess or extraforaminal spaces. Conservative and interventional therapies have been used for the treatment of foraminal inflammation, fibrotic adhesion, and pain. This update reviews the anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and current treatment options of foraminal neuropathy. PMID: 31257823 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

The antinociceptive effect of artemisinin on the inflammatory pain and role of GABAergic and opioidergic systems.
Conclusions: It seems that antinocicptive effects of artemisinin are mediated by GABAA receptors. PMID: 31257824 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Diverse characters of Brennan's paw incision model regarding certain parameters in the rat.
Conclusions: Based upon current observations, Brennan's rodent paw incision model appears to exhibit a prolonged period of nociception similar to that after surgery, with minimal interference of physiological parameters. Protein C, which is likely converted to activated protein C in the wound, attenuated the guarding score, which probably represents pain at rest after surgery in humans. PMID: 31257825 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Systemic effects of fluoroscopically guided epidural steroid injection with dexamethasone.
Conclusions: Approximately 4.8% of the patients who underwent ESI with dexamethasone experienced minor and transient systemic effects. These effects were more common in patients who had undergone a previous spine surgery or received a cervical ESI. PMID: 31257826 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

A survey of patients' perspectives of steroid injection (ppyeojusa) in Korea.
Conclusions: Most pain clinic patients have heard of ppyeojusa. Most patients obtained information about ppyeojusa from mass media, rather than their physicians. Therefore, it is likely that most patients have inaccurate knowledge. PMID: 31257827 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Effectiveness of continuous hypertonic saline infusion with an automated infusion pump for decompressive neuroplasty: a randomized clinical trial.
Authors: Lee HJ, Lee J, Park YW, Gil HY, Choi E, Nahm FS, Lee PB Abstract Background: Hypertonic saline (HS) injections for decompressive neuroplasty (DN) can cause pain. We assessed whether a continuous infusion of HS through an infusion pump would reduce injection-related pain compared with repeated bolus administrations. Methods: Fifty patients scheduled for DN were randomized to either the bolus injection or the continuous infusion group. After appropriately placing the epidural catheter, 4 mL of 5% NaCl was injected as four boluses of 1 mL each at 15-minute intervals or infused over 1 hour using an infusio...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Multimodal analgesia with multiple intermittent doses of erector spinae plane block through a catheter after total mastectomy: a retrospective observational study.
Authors: Hong B, Bang S, Chung W, Yoo S, Chung J, Kim S Abstract Background: Although case reports have suggested that the erector spinae plane block (ESPB) may help analgesia for patients after breast surgery, no study to date has assessed its effectiveness. This retrospective observational study analyzed the analgesic effects of the ESPB after total mastectomy. Methods: Forty-eight patients were divided into an ESPB group (n = 20) and a control group (n = 28). Twenty patients in the control group were selected by their propensity score matching the twenty patients in the ESPB group. Patients in the ESPB group...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

The efficacy of selective nerve root block for the long-term outcome of postherpetic neuralgia.
Conclusions: An early SNRB during the acute stage of HZ (within 14 days) appears to decrease the incidence and shorten the duration of PHN, with a median of 5.0 years of follow-up. PMID: 31257830 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Alcohol neurolysis of genicular nerve for chronic knee pain.
Authors: Dass RM, Kim E, Kim HK, Lee JY, Lee HJ, Rhee SJ Abstract Radiofrequency neurolysis (RFN) of the genicular nerves has recently become accepted as an effective technique to alleviate knee pain particularly in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) or postoperative pain. However, genicular nerve RFN can produce high procedure and equipment costs, longer procedural times, procedure-related pain, and failure rate of over 25%. We are presenting two cases of alcohol neurolysis of the genicular nerve using fluoroscopy and ultrasonography in patients with knee OA or persistent postsurgical pain of the knee. Alcohol...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Combined short axis erector spinae block and retrolaminar block for pain relief in acute vertebral fracture.
Authors: Restrepo-Garces CE, Revelo Bambague JP PMID: 31257832 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Buprenorphine as an adjuvant to local anesthetics in peripheral nerve blocks.
Authors: Viswanath O, Urits I PMID: 31257833 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - July 2, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Opioid: toward an effective strategy for better use.
Authors: Kim YD PMID: 31091504 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - May 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Opioid-induced constipation: a narrative review of therapeutic options in clinical management.
Authors: Lang-Illievich K, Bornemann-Cimenti H Abstract Pain therapy often entails gastrointestinal adverse events. While opioids are effective drugs for pain relief, the incidence of opioid-induced constipation (OIC) varies greatly from 15% to as high as 81%. This can lead to a significant impairment in quality of life, often resulting in discontinuation of opioid therapy. In this regard, a good doctor-patient relationship is especially pivotal when initiating opioid therapy. In addition to a detailed history of bowel habits, patient education regarding the possible gastrointestinal side effects of the drugs is cr...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - May 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Analgesic effects of eucalyptus essential oil in mice.
Conclusions: EOE, which is associated with the μ-opioid pain pathway, showed potential effects against somatic, inflammatory, and visceral pain and could be a potential therapeutic agent for pain. PMID: 31091506 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - May 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Effect of sec-O-glucosylhamaudol on mechanical allodynia in a rat model of postoperative pain.
Conclusions: Intrathecal SOG showed a significant antinociceptive effect on the postoperative pain model and reverted by naloxone. The expression of MOR were changed by SOG. The effects of SOG seem to involve the MOR. PMID: 31091507 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - May 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Low-dose intravenous ketamine versus intravenous ketorolac in pain control in patients with acute renal colic in an emergency setting: a double-blind randomized clinical trial.
Conclusions: Low dose ketamine is as effective as ketorolac in pain management in patients with renal colic presenting to the ED. However, it is associated with a higher rate of adverse drug reactions. PMID: 31091508 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - May 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Small dose of naloxone as an adjuvant to bupivacaine in intrapleural infiltration after thoracotomy surgery: a prospective, controlled study.
This study was performed to evaluate whether a small dose of naloxone with local anesthetics prolongs sensory blockade. Methods: A prospective, randomized double-blinded controlled study was conducted on 60 patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists statuses I and II, aged 18 to 60 years, scheduled for unilateral thoracotomy surgery. After surgery, patients were randomly divided into two groups: through the intrapleural catheter, group B received 30 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine, while group N received 30 ml of 0.5% bupivacaine with 100 ng of naloxone. Postoperative pain was assessed using the visual analog pain scale ...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - May 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Efficacy of transforaminal laser annuloplasty versus intradiscal radiofrequency annuloplasty for discogenic low back pain.
This study was conducted to compare the therapeutic success of radiofrequency (an intradiscal procedure) and laser annuloplasty (both an intradiscal and extradiscal procedure). Methods: This single-center study included 80 patients and followed them for 6 months. Transforaminal laser annuloplasty (TFLA, 37 patients) or intradiscal radiofrequency annuloplasty (IDRA, 43 patients) was performed. The main outcomes included pain scores, determined by the numeric rating scale (NRS), and Oswestry disability index (ODI), at pre-treatment and at post-treatment months 1 and 6. Results: The patients were grouped according to ...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - May 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Fibromyalgia diagnostic model derived from combination of American College of Rheumatology 1990 and 2011 criteria.
Conclusions: The C-FM model can accurately detect FM patients among other pain disorders. Re-inclusion of TPs along with saving of FM main symptoms in the C-FM model is a unique feature of this model. PMID: 31091511 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - May 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Efficacy of rhomboid intercostal block for analgesia after thoracotomy.
Authors: Ökmen K Abstract Regional anesthesia, including central and plane blocks (serratus anterior plane block and erector spinae block), are used for post-thoracotomy pain. The rhomboid intercostal block (RIB) is mainly performed by injection to the upper intercostal muscle plane below the rhomboid muscle. It has been reported to provide analgesia at the T3-T9 levels. The RIB was performed on 5 patients who had been scheduled for thoracotomy. The catheter was advanced in the area under the rhomboid muscle between the intercostal muscles. Postoperative visual analog scale (VAS) scores were observed and each ...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - May 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Aromatherapy massage: a promising non-pharmacological adjuvant treatment for osteoarthritis knee pain.
Authors: Ganji R PMID: 31091513 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - May 16, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

The role and position of antipsychotics in managing chronic pain.
Authors: Kim YH PMID: 30671197 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - January 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Antipsychotics for patients with pain.
Authors: Shin SW, Lee JS, Abdi S, Lee SJ, Kim KH Abstract Going back to basics prior to mentioning the use of antipsychotics in patients with pain, the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) definition of pain can be summarized as an unpleasant experience, composed of sensory experience caused by actual tissue damage and/or emotional experience caused by potential tissue damage. Less used than antidepressants, antipsychotics have also been used for treating this unpleasant experience as adjuvant analgesics without sufficient evidence from research. Because recently developed atypical antipsychotics ...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - January 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Animals models of spinal cord contusion injury.
Authors: Verma R, Virdi JK, Singh N, Jaggi AS Abstract Spinal cord contusion injury is one of the most serious nervous system disorders, characterized by high morbidity and disability. To mimic spinal cord contusion in humans, various animal models of spinal contusion injury have been developed. These models have been developed in rats, mice, and monkeys. However, most of these models are developed using rats. Two types of animal models, i.e. bilateral contusion injury and unilateral contusion injury models, are developed using either a weight drop method or impactor method. In the weight drop method, a specific we...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - January 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Acceptance versus catastrophizing in predicting quality of life in patients with chronic low back pain.
Conclusions: This study showed that catastrophizing, compared with acceptance, had a greater impact on the patient's life by reducing its quality. PMID: 30671200 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - January 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

The analgesic efficacy of the continuous adductor canal block compared to continuous intravenous fentanyl infusion with a single-shot adductor canal block in total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial.
Conclusions: In this study, the continuous ACB provided superior analgesia and fewer side effects without any significant motor deficit than the IV-PCA with a single-shot ACB. PMID: 30671201 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - January 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Effect of needle type on intravascular injection in transforaminal epidural injection: a meta-analysis.
Authors: Kim JY, Kim SN, Park C, Lim HY, Kim JH Abstract Background: Lumbosacral transforaminal epidural injection (TFEI) is an effective treatment for spinal disease. However, TFEI may have several types of complications, some of which can be attributed to intravascular injection. We reviewed studies to compare the intravascular injection rate among different needle types. Methods: We searched the literature for articles on the intravascular injection rate among different needle types used in TFEI. The search was performed using PubMed, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science. Results: A ...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - January 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Successful removal of permanent spinal cord stimulators in patients with complex regional pain syndrome after complete relief of pain.
This study evaluated CRPS patients who successfully removed their SCSs. Methods: This 10-year retrospective study was performed on patients who had received the permanent implantation of an SCS and had removed it 6 months after discontinuation of stimulation, while halting all medications for neuropathic pain. Age, sex, duration of implantation, site and type of CRPS, and their return to work were compared between the removal and non-removal groups. Results: Five (12.5%, M/F = 4/1) of 40 patients (M/F = 33/7) successfully removed the permanent implant. The mean age was younger in the removal group (27.2 ± 6....
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - January 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Low level laser therapy: a promising adjunct therapeutic modality for pain control after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Authors: Moghadam MY PMID: 30671204 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - January 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Unexplained episode of sensory-motor deficit following lumbar epidural analgesia.
Authors: Mukherjee D, Gautam S, Agarwal A, Khuba S, Kumar S PMID: 30671205 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - January 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Intractable anal pain in B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia patients: treatment options.
Authors: Vijayakumar V, Agarwal A, Shamshery C, Gautam S PMID: 30671206 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - January 25, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

The use of adjuvants to local anesthetics: benefit and risk.
Authors: Jeon YH PMID: 30310547 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 13, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Modalities in managing postherpetic neuralgia.
Authors: Shrestha M, Chen A Abstract Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most troublesome side effect of Herpes Zoster (HZ), which mainly affects the elderly and immunocompromised populations. Despite the current advancement of treatments, PHN persists in many individuals influencing their daily activities and reducing their quality of life. Anticonvulsants, antidepressants, topical therapies including lidocaine and capsaicin, and opioids, are the most widely used therapies for the treatment of PHN. These medications come with their adverse effects, so they should be used carefully with the elderly or with patients...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 13, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Radiation safety: a focus on lead aprons and thyroid shields in interventional pain management.
Authors: Cheon BK, Kim CL, Kim KR, Kang MH, Lim JA, Woo NS, Rhee KY, Kim HK, Kim JH Abstract C-arm fluoroscopy is useful equipment in interventional pain management because it helps to guide correct needle targeting for the accurate injection and drug delivery. However, due to increased use of C-arm fluoroscopy in various pain procedures, the risk of radiation exposure is a significant concern for pain physicians. The harmful biological effects of ionizing radiation on the human body are well known. It is therefore necessary to strive to reduce radiation exposure. Lead aprons with thyroid shields are the most funda...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 13, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Therapeutic alternatives in painful diabetic neuropathy: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Authors: Vilar S, Castillo JM, Munuera Martínez PV, Reina M, Pabón M Abstract Background: One of the most frequent problems caused by diabetes is the so called painful diabetic neuropathy. This condition can be treated through numerous types of therapy. The purpose of this study was to analyze, as a meta-analysis, different treatments used to alleviate painful diabetic neuropathy, with the aim of generating results that help making decisions when applying such treatments to tackle this pathology. Methods: A search was conducted in the main databases for Health Sciences, such as PUBMED, Web of Scie...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 13, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Comparison of 4 mg dexamethasone versus 8 mg dexamethasone as an adjuvant to levobupivacaine in fascia iliaca block-a prospective study.
Conclusions: Dexamethasone, in a dose of 8 mg, is superior to 4 mg when used as an adjuvant with levobupivacaine in the FIB. Though both prolonged analgesia and were effective in reducing oral/intravenous analgesics, 8 mg dexamethasone can be recommended as a more efficacious adjuvant to local anesthetics in the FIB. PMID: 30310551 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 13, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research

Adaptation and validation of body maps for musculoskeletal pain location in patients with severe obesity.
Conclusions: The body maps developed in this study are reliable and valid to identify the location of pain in people with obesity. PMID: 30310552 [PubMed] (Source: Korean Journal of Pain)
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - October 13, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research