Short Bowel Syndrome: Epidemiology, Hospitalization trends, In-hospital Mortality, and Healthcare utilization.
CONCLUSIONS: The national burden of SBS related hospitalizations continues to rise and the mortality associated with SBS has substantially decreased. Older SBS patients with sepsis, liver dysfunction, severe malnutrition, and metastatic cancer had the highest risk of mortality. Healthcare utilization in SBS remains high. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33233017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - November 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Siddiqui MT, Al-Yaman W, Singh A, Kirby DF Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Multicenter Prospective Evaluation of Parenteral Nutrition Preparation Time and Resource Utilization: Three Chamber Bags Compared With Hospital-Pharmacy Compounded Bags.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a complex and costly therapy that places significant demands on healthcare resources. Commercially manufactured three chamber bags (3CB) offer potential time and cost advantages compared with hospital compounded bags (HCB); however, no data are yet available from studies comparing these delivery systems in U.S. hospitals. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the PN preparation time and resource utilization required for 3CBs compared with HCBs in U.S. Hospitals. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, time and motion study was performed to evaluate the ti...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - November 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cogle SV, Martindale RG, Ramos M, Roberti GJ, Roberts PR, Taylor K, Sacks GS Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Assessing the Fffect of Nutrition Therapy on Re-Hospitalization Rate in Malnourished Pediatric Patients With Chronic Diseases.
CONCLUSIONS: Detecting and treating malnutrition seems to promptly improve the patients' clinical course after discharge, reducing the number of subsequent hospitalizations, particularly non-elective ones, probably caused by unresolved, ongoing malnutrition. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33188574 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - November 14, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Lezo A, Povero M, Pradelli L, Nigro E, Plazzotta C, Lagazio C Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

ASPEN President's Address: "The 2020 Overture: A New Tune For the Future".
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33180961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - November 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chan LN Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Medical Nutrition Reimbursement in Singapore: Who are the Patients Receiving MediFund Assistance? An Audit of Clinical Outcomes and Issues Pertaining to Reimbursement in a Public Hospital in Singapore.
This study aimed to investigate the sustainability of this policy, and the benefits conferred. METHODS: A one-year retrospective audit of patients in a tertiary hospital who received MediFund was performed. Demographics, pre and post support clinical outcomes, and cost of support was determined and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 129 patients received MediFund for MNP. The median length of financial support was 115 days (IQR: 37, 269). Overall, body mass index (BMI) increased after nutritional support (20.9 ± 5.1 vs 20.4 ± 5.3 kg m-2 , p = 0.012). There was a significant decrease in the number of maln...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 31, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wong A, Goh QL, Goh SN, Sowa PM, Banks MD, Bauer JD Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Reporting of Randomized Controlled Trials Investigating an Enteral or Parenteral Nutrition Intervention in Critical Illness According to the CONSORT Statement: A Systematic Review and Recommendation of Minimum Standard Reporting Criteria.
The objective was to evaluate reporting of parallel-group RCTs of enteral or parenteral nutrition interventions in critically ill adults against the recommendations in the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) 2010 guidelines and a priori defined nutrition criteria. A systematic search of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL was conducted to identify RCTs published from January 2011 to 14 February 2020. The primary outcome was the percentage (%) of CONSORT criteria 'completely met' (a score of 1) from all included studies (out of a total possible score of 37). Secondary outcomes included the % of CONSORT cri...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Seddon N, Chapple LS, Tatucu-Babet O, Ridley EJ Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Is There An Advantage in Enriching Parenteral Lipid Emulsions Containing Fatty Acids from Fish Oil with Medium-Chain Triglycerides? A Study on Body Pool Concentrations of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Lewis Rats.
CONCLUSION: The n-3 PUFAs provided by FOLE rich in MCT were less incorporated by liver and remained more available for extra-hepatic cell delivery, but, this did not result in a clear benefit in increasing their incorporation by peripheral leukocytes. DESCRIPTORS: fatty acids, omega-3; fish oils; parenteral nutrition; leukocytes, mononuclear; neutrophils; rats. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33111317 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tesser A, Torrinhas RS, Garla PC, Oliveira-Filho RS, Aprobato FGG, Tamanaha EM, Antunes MS, Sampaio GR, Torres E, Calder PC, Waitzberg DL Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Muscle Echogenicity and Changes Related, to Age and Body Mass Index.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Muscle fibers are lost and replaced by fat and fibrous tissue infiltration during aging. This process decreases muscle quality and influences tissue appearance on ultrasound images over time. Increased muscle "echogenicity" represents changes caused by fat and fibrous tissue infiltration and can be quantified with recently developed software. OBJECTIVE: To investigate skeletal muscle quality through echogenicity estimates according to participant body mass index (BMI) and age. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study performed at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pereira AZ, Uezima CB, Zanella MT, Prado RRD, Gonzalez MC, Zheng J, Heymsfield SB Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Home Parenteral Nutrition - Patient Reported Outcome Questionnaire: Sensitive to Quality of Life Differences among Chronic and Prolonged Acute Intestinal Failure Patients.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Patient reported outcome (PRO) measures often address quality of life (QOL) and help improve communication and shared decision making. The home parenteral nutrition patient reported outcome questionnaire (HPN-PROQ) was developed for patients to self-assess factors that influence QOL. The aim of this study was to establish construct validity. METHOD: Responses were analyzed for 77 HPN-dependent patients with chronic and prolonged acute intestinal failure. General linear modeling was conducted to describe patterns of interactions and association between items included in the HPN-PROQ. ...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Winkler MF, Machan JT, Xue Z, Compher C Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of Equations to Predict Energy Requirements with Indirect Calorimetry in Hospitalized Patients.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The accuracy of methods to determine resting energy expenditure (REE) contributes towards the adequate provision of nutritional support to hospitalized patients. Indirect calorimetry (IC) is considered the gold standard method to determine REE. The aim of this study is evaluated the degree of agreement between the REE measured by IC (REE-IC) and REE estimated by predictive equations in the intensive care unit patients, showing which could be used as an alternative METHODS: : The sample is made up of intensive care unit patients over the age of 18, both male and female, and undergoing nutrition...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Oliveira ACDS, de Oliveira CC, de Jesus MT, Menezes NNB, de Gois FN, da Silva JT, Santos LM Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Clinical Nutrition Research and the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Scoping Review of the ASPEN COVID-19 Nutrition Taskforce.
In conclusion, this ASPEN scoping review has identified multiple critical areas for urgent nutrition research, particularly using RCT design, to improve nutritional care for patients before, during, and after COVID-19. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33094848 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mechanick JI, Carbone S, Dickerson RN, Hernandez BJD, Hurt RT, Irving SY, Li DY, McCarthy MS, Mogensen KM, Gautier JBO, Patel JJ, Prewitt TE, Rosenthal M, Warren M, Winkler MF, McKeever L Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Continuous Assessment of Gastric Motility and its Relation to Gastric Emptying in Adult Critically Ill Patients.
CONCLUSION: This pilot study showed no significant correlation between balloon-assessed gastric motility and emptying in critically ill patients. The feasibility/safety profile of the balloon tube appears similar to that of a standard nasogastric tube. NCT03512145 This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33094856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Goelen N, Janssen P, Tack J, Morales J, Honinx T, Berghe GD, Casaer MP, Gunst J Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Indirect Calorimetry Measurements Compared to Guideline Weight-Based Caloric Calculations in Critically Ill Stroke Patients.
CONCLUSION: Important differences between weight based estimation of caloric needs and guidelines recommended IC estimation exist in critically ill stroke patients. Low weight-based calculations of REE underestimate caloric needs in ICH and SAH patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33085101 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Smetana KS, Hannawi Y, May CC Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Use of Continuous Glucose Monitoring to Assess TPN-induced Hyperglycemia in an Adult Patient with Severe COVID-19.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33085780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chow KW, Kelly DJ, Gupta R, Miller JD Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Clinical Impact of Prescribed Doses of Nutrients for Patients Exclusively Receiving Total Parenteral Nutrition in Japanese Hospitals: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
CONCLUSION: In-hospital mortality was lower and deteriorated ADL was suppressed in patients whose TPN management was in accordance with the nutritional guidelines. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33085782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sasabuchi Y, Ono S, Kamoshita S, Tsuda T, Kuroda A Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Triheptanoin and Nutrition Management for Treatment of Long-Chain Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Triheptanoin can ameliorate acute cardiomyopathy and increase survival in patients with severe LC-FAOD. Substituting triheptanoin for traditional MCT-based treatment improves clinical outcomes. MCT oil might be less effective in CACTD patients compared to other FAODs and needs further investigation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33085788 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Norris M, Scott AI, Sullivan S, Chang IJ, Lam C, Sun A, Hahn S, Thies JM, Gunnarson M, McKean KN, Merritt JL Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of Modified-NUTRIC, NRS-2002 and MUST Scores in Iranian Critically Ill Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units: A Prospective Cohort Study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: There are no data on the validity of the modified Nutrition Risk in the critically ill (m-NUTRIC)-score and Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS)-2002 Score in the Iranian intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) is still used in most ICUs of Iran. Our goal was to test the validity of these tools in the Iranian ICU population. METHODS: All adult patients (≥18 years) were included. The association between the nutritional risk scores and outcomes (longer-length of stay, prolonged-mechanical ventilation, and 28-day mortality) was assessed using the M...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Majari K, Imani H, Hosseini S, Amirsavadkouhi A, Ardehali SH, Khalooeifard R Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Prevalence of Malnutrition and 1-Year All-Cause Mortality in Institutionalized Elderly Comparing Different Combinations of the GLIM Criteria.
CONCLUSION: This study describes the association of several variations of the GLIM model with 1-year mortality in nursing home residents. However, our data suggest a high heterogeneity to fulfill the GLIM criteria and the necessity of finding specific tailored cutoff points for the studied populations. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33043987 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sanz-Paris A, González Fernández M, Perez-Nogueras J, Serrano-Oliver A, Torres-Anoro E, Sanz-Arque A, Arbones-Mainar JM Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Perioperative Immunonutrition in Elderly Patients Undergoing Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Impact on Postoperative Outcomes.
S, Oksman D Abstract BACKGROUND: arthroplasties in elderly are surgeries performed to ensure their quality of life. Perioperative care with specific nutrients can improve nutritional status and metabolic response to orthopedic surgeries such as total knee (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: retrospective study with elderly divided into 2 groups: control and immunonutrition. The immunonutrition group was instructed to start oral intake of the nutrition supplement 5 days before and to resume it 5 days after arthroplasty (200 ml, 3 times a day). The following were analyzed as primary and secondary o...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gonçalves TJM, Gonçalves SEAB, Nava N, Jorge VC, Okawa AM, Rocha VA, Forato LCH, Furuya VAO, Martins SS, Oksman D Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Energy requirements in m.3243A > G carriers depend on multiple factors.
Energy requirements in m.3243A>G carriers depend on multiple factors. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2020 Oct 12;: Authors: Finsterer J PMID: 33047310 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Finsterer J Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of Supplemental Enteral Fish Oil on the Development of Psychological Complications in Critically Ill Multiple Trauma Patients: 6 Months Follow up.
CONCLUSION: Administration of n-3 PUFA enriched diet during the ICU stay didn't prevent development of PTSD in trauma patients six months after discharge from ICU. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33029789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kagan I, Mesilati-Stahy R, Green P, Singer P Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Impact of Computer Calculation Program on Quality of Individualized Parenteral Nutrition and Selected Clinical Parameters of Extremely Low Birth Weight (ELBW) Infants.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the effects of computerized provider order entry (CPOE) for parenteral nutrition (PN) on selected clinical parameters of ELBW neonates in a tertiary NICU. METHODS: Retrospective data analysis of preterm infants born over a one-year period before and after introduction of CPOE. PN composition during the first 2 weeks of life, change in weight, head circumference and body length z-scores were assessed. Duration of PN and selected neonatal complications were compared. Logistic regression was used to adjust for confounding variables (sex, birth weight and bi...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chojecka M, Miechowicz I, Szymankiewicz-Bręborowicz M, Czech-Szczapa B, Johnson MJ, Szczapa T Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Commentary on: 'Prevalence of malnutrition and 1-year all-cause mortality in institutionalized elderly comparing different combinations of the GLIM criteria'.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 33020925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Skipper A Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Protein Intake at the First Day of Full Oral Intake During Hospitalization is Associated with Complications and Hospital Length of Stay.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Malnutrition at admission is associated with complication-related readmission and prolonged hospital stay. This underscores the importance of an adequate - and more particularly protein - intake, to prevent further deterioration and treat malnutrition during hospitalization. Our objective was to assess whether protein intake relative to requirements at the first day of full oral intake is associated with complications and hospital length of stay (LOS) in medical and surgical patients. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of a prospective cohort study in patients on the wards of Gastroent...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Dijxhoorn DN, IJmker-Hemink VE, Kievit W, Wanten GJA, van den Berg MGA Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Reaction of Authors to Letter to the editor: Energy requirements in m.3243A > G carriers depend on multiple factors.
Reaction of Authors to Letter to the editor: Energy requirements in m.3243A>G carriers depend on multiple factors. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2020 Oct 05;: Authors: Zweers HEE, Janssen MCH, Wanten GJA PMID: 33015865 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - October 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Authors to Letter to the editor: Energy requirements in m.3243A>G carriers depend on multiple factors. Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

The Hidden Burden of Community Enteral Feeding on the Emergency Department.
CONCLUSIONS: Enteral tube complications can place a hidden burden on the patient, on ED and on healthcare costs. More work on education and supporting carers to resolve problems themselves could reduce the burden on busy emergency departments. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32949025 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 17, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Barrett D, Li V, Merrick S, Murugananthan A, Steed H Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

The Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Pediatric Intestinal Failure Healthcare Delivery.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has influenced how healthcare is being provided, particularly in patients whose diagnoses require multidisciplinary care, such as pediatric intestinal failure (IF). We sought to ascertain the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare delivery for pediatric patients with IF. METHODS: A 20-question survey was administered to members of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Intestinal Rehabilitation (IR) Special Interest Group. Input values were "yes" and "no," along with ...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 16, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Galloway DP, Mathis MS, Wilkinson LT, Venick RS, Wendel D, Cole CR, Martin CA Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Pilot Study to Investigate Enteral Feeding Practices and the Incidence of Underfeeding Amongst Mechanically Ventilated Critically Ill Patients at Specialist Tertiary Care Hospital in Saudi Arabia.
CONCLUSION: Protein-underfeeding remain a significant problem in ICU settings. The time of EN initiation plays a major role in determining when the nutritional-requirements will be met. Therefore, it is crucial to implement effective feeding protocols to ensure early initiation of EN when permissible. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32924151 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zaher S, Al-Subaihi R, Al-Alshaya A, Al-Saggaf M, Al Amoudi MO, Babtain H, Neyaz A Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

58. The Case Report.
PMID: 32918284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Koretz RL Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of the Efficacy of GLIM Criteria, SGA and NRS-2002 in Diagnosing Malnutrition and Predicting 5-Year Mortality in Patients Hospitalized for Acute Illnesses.
M, Halil M Abstract BACKGROUND: The Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) has developed new criteria for diagnosing malnutrition. The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of malnutrition according to the GLIM criteria, SGA and NRS-2002 and their association with long-term mortality in patients hospitalized for acute illnesses. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in a sample of 231 patients with different comorbidities hospitalized for acute illnesses in medical or surgical wards. Nutritional status was retrospectively assessed with the GLIM criteria using patients' ...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Balci C, Bolayir B, Eşme M, Arik G, Kuyumcu ME, Yeşil Y, Doğan Varan H, Kara Ö, Güngör AE, Yavuz BB, Cankurtaran M, Halil M Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Safety of Gastrostomy Tube Placement in Advanced ALS Patients with Non-invasive Ventilation.
Abstract BACKGROUND: In patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), bulbar muscle dysfunction can occur, which eventually requires the initiation of enteral tube feeding. However, there is no consensus on the optimal timing for the gastrostomy nor proper ventilator support method during the procedure. We aimed to investigate the safe range of gastrostomy according to respiratory support status and forced vital capacity (FVC) % of predicted values classification, and to compare the safety of non-invasive and invasive mechanical ventilation during the procedure in ALS patients with FVC
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kim EY, Kang SW, Suh MR, Jung J, Park J, Choi WA Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Early growth Trajectory of Infants With Simple Congenital Heart Disease and Complex Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Cardiac Repair: A Prospective Cohort Study in China.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with SC children, CC children have deficits in their early growth trajectories. The type of disease and preoperative growth status synergistically affect the early postoperative growth trajectory. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32914899 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shi H, Hu C, Zhang L, Tong M, Lijuan L, Cui Y Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Variability in Parenteral Nutrition Usage in U.S. Children's Hospitals.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The variability of parenteral nutrition (PN) utilization for pediatric inpatients is currently unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine the variability in PN utilization in U.S. children's hospitals and the association of PN utilization with inpatient healthcare utilization. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of children who received PN during an inpatient encounter in U.S. children's hospitals. Hospitals were divided into tertiles based on their rates of PN utilization into low (51.8/1,000 encounters) categories. Multivariable regression models were developed to...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pettit RJ, Pruitt LCC, Iantorno S, Bucher BT Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

The Effect of a Preoperative Home-delivered Protein-rich Meal Service to Improve Protein Intake in Surgical Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSION: The home-delivered protein-rich meal service was successfully implemented before surgery and improves protein and energy intake relative to requirements within 3 weeks while patient satisfaction maintained. The preoperative period serves as a window of opportunity to prepare patients before hospitalization. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32895969 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: IJmker-Hemink VE, Wanten GJA, de Nes LCF, van den Berg MGA Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Enteral Erythromycin Estolate in Combination with Intravenous Metoclopramide versus Intravenous Metoclopramide Monotherapy in Mechanically Ventilated Patients with Enteral Feeding Intolerance: A Randomized, Double-blind Controlled Pilot Study.
CONCLUSION: Although the combination therapy of enteral erythromycin estolate and intravenous metoclopramide reduced GRV, the successful feeding rate and other patient-specific outcomes did not improve in mechanically ventilated patients with feeding intolerance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32895971 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Charoensareerat T, Bhurayanontachai R, Sitaruno S, Navasakulpong A, Boonpeng A, Lerkiatbundit S, Pattharachayakul S Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

The Impact of MnSOD and GPx1 Genotype at Different Levels of Enteral Nutrition Exposure on Oxidative Stress and Mortality: A Post-hoc Analysis from the FeDOx Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Nutrition support may lead to increased oxidative stress and worse clinical outcomes in a large percent of ICU patients with an at-risk genotype. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32885455 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - September 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: McKeever L, Peterson SJ, Lateef O, Freels S, Diamond AM, Braunschweig CA Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

The incidence of complications associated with parenteral nutrition in preterm infants < 32 weeks with a mixed oil lipid emulsion versus a soybean oil lipid emulsion in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit.
CONCLUSIONS: While mixed oil lipid emulsion was not found to be associated with a lower risk of cholestasis, it may decrease risks of other disease states associated with PN therapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32862507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Franco S, Goriacko P, Rosen O, Morgan-Joseph T Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Hypophosphatemia as an Early Metabolic Bone Disease Marker in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants After Prolonged Parenteral Nutrition Exposure.
This study aims to explore the early metabolic bone disease biochemical marker in extremely low birth weight infants. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 95 preterm infants born in a tertiary-care level neonatal intensive care unit between January 2015 and June 2018 with birth weight less than 1,000 g were conducted. Thirty-five were Nil per os>14 days and categorized as the high-risk group; the remaining 60 were categorized as the control group. Mineral intake in the first 14 days and the trend of serum calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phosphatase level were compared in both groups. RESULTS: The...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tan YL, Tsao PN, Chou HC, Yen TA, Chen CY Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Physical Stability of Medium-chain triglyceride/Long-chain triglyceride Emulsion Injections from Five Manufacturers in High-concentration Electrolyte-based Total Nutrient Admixtures.
CONCLUSIONS: The stability of some commercially available MCT/LCT-based TNAs under high concentrations of electrolytes exhibits differences over the 72 h after compounding. Clinicians should pay close attention, therefore, to possible performance differences of injectable fat emulsions produced by different manufacturers when compounded in TNAs under high-electrolyte concentrations and stored for 72 h. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32860630 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhao B, Gao R, Jiao L, Zhang F, Wang B, Mei D Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Computer-Assisted Prescription: The Future of Nutrition Care.
PMID: 32860637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Preiser JC, Laureys S, van Zanten ARH, Van Gossum A Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Soybean Oil Lipid Minimization for Prevention of Intestinal Failure Associated Liver Disease in Late Preterm and Term Infants with Gastro-Intestinal Surgical Disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Reducing S-ILE intake for 6 weeks in ≥ 34 weeks GA infants with GISD may not prevent IFALD. The extrapolated data on the rate of rise of DB suggests a possible risk of earlier development of IFALD with S-ILE intake of 2g/kg/day as compared to 1g/kg/day beyond the study period of 6 weeks. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32854150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Gupta K, Wang H, Amin SB Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Hypophosphatemia in A Specialized Intestinal Failure Unit: An Observational Cohort Study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with intestinal failure (IF) are prone to hypophosphatemia and shifts in magnesium and potassium levels. While these shifts are often attributed to refeeding syndrome (RFS), the incidence of electrolyte shifts among patients with IF is unknown. We evaluated the occurrence of hypophosphatemia and other electrolyte shifts according to the functional and pathophysiological IF classifications. METHODS: We consecutively included all patients' first admission to an IF unit from 2013 through 2017. Electrolyte shifts were defined as severe hypophosphatemia
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Eriksen MK, Baunwall SMD, Lal S, Dahlerup JF, Hvas CL Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Lessons learned in Nutrition Therapy in patients with severe COVID-19.
This article explores the different potential approaches to nutrition intervention in patients with COVID-19 evaluating, in this process, the challenges faced for the implementation of guidelines written by different societies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32833241 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ochoa JB, Cárdenas D, Goiburu ME, Bermúdez C, Carrasco F, Correia MITD Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Reversal of Intestinal Failure-Associated Liver Disease in an Infant Treated with Mixed Lipid Emulsion and Multidisciplinary Intestinal Rehabilitation Program.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32829486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Molinos N, Akimov O, Santos CS, Markley M, Adigun A, Duro D Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Teduglutide Therapy in Two Patients With Short Bowel Syndrome and Familial Adenomatous Polyposis.
PMID: 32829492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: George AT, Cocco PD, Benedetti E, Boulay BR, Carroll RE Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Nutrition and Micronutrient Therapy in Critical Illness Should be Individualized.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32829498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Berger MM Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Influence of a Low-carbohydrate High-fat Diet on Peritoneal Inflammation, Cancer-associated Lymphocytes and Survival in a Murine Carcinomatous Peritonitis Model.
CONCLUSION: The ad libitum lard-based LCHFD feeding of CP mice increases the peritoneal cytokine levels, which may reduce splenic anti-cancer lymphocytes and increase the number of Tregs in the peritoneal cavity and tumor. The detrimental effects of LCHFD are linked to dietary composition rather than overfeeding. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32829500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Watkins A, Fukatsu K, Higashizono K, Watanabe T, Noguchi M, Tominaga E, Murakoshi S, Yasuhara H Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Challenges of Maintaining Optimal Nutritional Status in COVID-19 Patients in Intensive Care Settings.
This article discusses the interim guidelines available for the nutrition support of ICU COVID-19 patients, and the challenges the critical care team and RDN may face from a nutrition standpoint. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32799322 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Minnelli N, Gibbs L, Larrivee J, Sahu KK Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

A National Survey of Pediatric Intestinal Rehabilitation Programs in the United States.
This study characterizes PIR program components to aid those seeking to establish or expand a program. METHODS: Members of the Children's Hospital Association reporting a PIR program to the US News & World Report completed a 14-item questionnaire using the Qualtrics Online Survey Software. Programs were categorized as small or large (≤50 vs>50 patients) and new or established (≤10 vs>10 years). RESULTS: Seventy-one programs were identified, and 61 surveys were returned, for a response rate of 86%. Majority of programs had gastroenterology, surgery, nutrition, nursing, and social work services invo...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Park CJ, Shaughnessy MP, Zhang L, Armenia SJ, Caty MG, Cowles RA Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Can Phase Angle in Newborns at Neonatal Intensive Care Units be an Indicator of Mortality and Prognosis?
CONCLUSIONS: The absolute value of PA during the first 24 hours of life was not a good marker for severity or mortality. However, the decrease of PA between different moments of evaluation it was a good marker of severity. The decrease of PA in the first 48 hours in premature newborns and that when the decrease is more pronounced it may be indicative of mortality. The difference in PA values between these newborns is probably a significant variable for mortality and prognosis and not a cutoff value. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32797674 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source:...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Coradine AVP, Lima MN, Sarquis AL Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research