De Novo Development of Distal Jejunal and Duodenal Adenomas after 41 Months of Teduglutide Treatment in a Short Bowel Patient: A Case Report.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32740933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pevny S, Pape UF, Elezkurtaj S, Rieger A, Jürgensen C, Blüthner E, Jochum C, Tacke F, Maasberg S Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Associations Between Nutritional Markers And Muscle Mass On Bioimpedance Analysis In Patients Receiving Parenteral Nutrition.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) is used for malnourished patients and those intolerant of enteral nutrition. Currently, there is no gold standard to monitor changes in nutritional state. This pilot study assessed repeatability of Bioimpedance Analysis (BIA) in critically ill patients, and whether it was associated with nutritional markers and patients' length of hospital stay. METHODS: 22 patients receiving PN, after major surgery or during critical illness, were enrolled, and underwent serial BIA and Subjective Global Assessments (SGA) by a dietician. Repeatability of BIA results was assessed ...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sunario J, Wibrow B, Jacques A, Ho KM, Anstey M Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

A Randomised Controlled Trial on the Effect of Partially Hydrolyzed Guar Gum (PHGG) Supplementation on DAiarrhea Frequency and Gut Microbiome Count Among Pelvic Radiation Patients.
This study aimed to determine the efficacy of partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) usage in reducing radiotherapy-induced diarrhea and improving bacterial count, nutritional status and quality of life (QoL) among cancer patients. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing pelvic radiation were recruited and randomized to receive supplementation of either 10g of PHGG or placebo (maltodextrin) twice daily 14 days prior and 14 days during pelvic radiation. Diarrhea frequency, faecal samples, nutritional status and QoL were assessed at baseline, day 14, 28 (two weeks after pelvic radiation) and day 45 (at the completion of pelvic...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rosli D, Shahar S, Manaf ZA, Jin LH, Yusof NYM, Haron MR, Majid HA Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Survival of Patients With Short Bowel Syndrome on Home Parenteral Nutrition: A Prospective Cohort Study.
The objective of this study was to determine the long-term survival of adult patients with SBS as the primary indication for HPN and assess factors that may affect survival using the Canadian HPN registry. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data extracted from the HPN Registry, prior to approval of teduglutide in Canada. Using only incident cases, survival probabilities were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method for both full cohort and non-malignant SBS. Log-rank test was also employed to test the differences in survival distributions between subgroups in the univariate analysis. T...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Noelting J, Gramlich L, Whittaker S, Armstrong D, Marliss E, Jurewitsch B, Raman M, Duerksen DR, Stevenson D, Lou W, Saha S, Allard JP Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Healthy Siblings Of Children With Crohn's Disease Exhibit More Rapid Changes In Microbiota Composition As A Response to Exclusive Enteral Nutrition.
CONCLUSION: EEN leads to significant microbiota changes in both healthy and children with CD. Changes in microbiota composition occur more rapidly in healthy children, while in children with CD significant changes were detected at the end of EEN. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32740959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sila S, Jelić M, Trivić I, Tambić Andrašević A, Kolaček S, Hojsak I Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Geriatric Nutritional Index Influences Survival Outcomes in Gastric Carcinoma Patients Undergoing Radical Surgery.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The survival impact of the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) has yet to be investigated in patients undergoing gastric carcinoma (GC) surgery. METHODS: In total, 1166 GC patients who underwent radical gastrectomy were retrospectively reviewed. The predictive and discrimination abilities for overall survival (OS) were compared among GNRI, prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and systemic inflammatory markers employing receiver operating characteristic analysis and Harrell's C-statistics. Patients were dichotomized according to GNRI (GNRI
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sugawara K, Yamashita H, Urabe M, Okumura Y, Yagi K, Aikou S, Seto Y Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Post-Surgical Intestinal Rehabilitation Using Semisynthetic Glucagon-Like Peptide 2 Analogue (sGLP-2) at a Referral Center. Can Patients Achieve Parenteral Nutrition and sGLP-2 Independency?
CONCLUSION: This study confirmed that sGLP-2 should be considered as part of the standard therapy for post-surgical medical rehabilitation treatment in patients with chronic intestinal failure (CIF). We add to the current knowledge that some patients can discontinue both PN andsGLP-2 in the long-term, achieving complete recovery of their quality of life. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32740966 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Solar H, Doeyo M, Ortega M, De Barrio S, Olano E, Moreira E, Buncuga M, Manzur A, Crivelli A, Gondolesi G Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Concurrent and Predictive Validity of AND-ASPEN Malnutrition Consensus is Satisfactory in Hospitalized Patients: A longitudinal Study.
CONCLUSION: AND-ASPEN can be used for malnutrition diagnoses, even when HGS is not available, since it has satisfactory concurrent and predictive validity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32738153 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - August 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Burgel CF, Teixeira PP, Leites GM, Carvalho GD, Modanese PVG, Rabito EI, Silva FM Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Use of Nutrition Risk in Critically ill (NUTRIC) scoring system for nutritional risk assessment and prognosis prediction in critically ill neurological patients: a prospective observational study.
CONCLUSION: The mNUTRIC scoring system is not only a useful tool for nutritional risk assessment but, importantly, it is independently related to the risk of 28-day mortality in NICU patients. Therefore, mNUTRIC scoring is an appropriate tool for nutritional risk assessment and prognosis prediction of NICU patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32729938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang P, Bian Y, Tang Z, Wang F Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Editorial on 'Comparing the intestinotrophic effects of two glucagon like peptide-2 analogues in the treatment of short bowel syndrome in neonatal piglets.
PMID: 32721033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Raghu K, Rudolph JA Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Proteomic Characterization of Circulating Molecular Perturbations Associated With Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Following Intravenous ω-3 Fatty Acid and Gemcitabine Administration: A Pilot Study.
Proteomic Characterization of Circulating Molecular Perturbations Associated With Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Following Intravenous ω-3 Fatty Acid and Gemcitabine Administration: A Pilot Study. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2020 Jul 27;: Authors: Runau F, Arshad A, Isherwood JD, Sandhu JK, Ng LL, Dennison AR, Jones DJL Abstract BACKGROUND: Administration of intravenous ω-3 fatty acid (ω-3FA) in advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients receiving gemcitabine chemotherapy shows disease stabilization and improved progression-free survival. Using high-definition plasma proteomics, the un...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Runau F, Arshad A, Isherwood JD, Sandhu JK, Ng LL, Dennison AR, Jones DJL Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Reduced Handgrip Strength in Hospital Admission Predicts Prolonged Hospital Stay and Death, but is not Accurate to Identify Malnutrition: A Longitudinal Study, Reduced handgrip strength in hospitalized patients.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Malnourished patients present impairment of functionality due to loss of strength associated with loss of muscle mass. However, the validity of handgrip strength (HGS) in identifying malnutrition and its association with clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients requires investigation. AIMS: To evaluate the accuracy of HGS in identifying malnutrition, its association with clinical outcomes, and the change in HGS in the first two weeks of hospitalization. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with adult/elderly patients. Subjective global assessment (SGA) was applied in the first 48h for...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Chites VS, Teixeira PP, Lima J, Oliveira Dos Santos C, Burgel CF, Pereira TG, Silva FM Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Glycaemic Response to a Renal-Specific Oral Nutritional Supplement in Patients with Diabetes Undergoing Haemodialysis: a randomised crossover trial.
CONCLUSION: A renal-specific ONS elicits a lower postprandial glucose response than either macronutrient matched ONS or a standard ONS in patients with diabetes and ESKD undergoing haemodialysis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32713006 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Patel VN, Dijk G, Malarkey B, Brooke JR, Whelan K, MacLaughlin HL Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness of Parenteral Nutrition Containing Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Hospitalized Adult Patients from five European Countries and the US.
CONCLUSION: This cost-effectiveness analysis in six countries demonstrates that the superior clinical efficacy of ω-3 FA-containing PN translates into significant decreases in mean treatment cost, rendering it an attractive cost-saving alternative to standard PN across different health care systems. Clinical relevancy statement A recent meta-analysis showed that omega-3 fatty acid-containing parenteral nutrition is associated with statistically and clinically significant reductions in the rates of infection and sepsis as well as in the duration of hospitalization and ICU length of stay. This cost-effectiveness analys...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 26, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pradelli L, Klek S, Mayer K, Alsaleh AJO, Rosenthal MD, Heller AR, Muscaritoli M Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Myopenia and Reduced Subcutaneous Adiposity in Children With Liver Disease are Associated With Adverse Outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Myopenia, accompanied by low SAT in children with ESLD is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. Rehabilitation strategies aimed at combating myopenia in children is important. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32710565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Hwa OP, Mazurak VC, Bhargava R, Dunichand-Hoedl A, Ayala Romero R, Gilmour SM, Yap J, Mager DR Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Ultrasonography and other nutritional assessment methods to monitor the nutritional status of critically ill patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasonography muscle mass assessment was able to detect short-term changes in critically ill patients, but must be used with caution. Mid-arm circumference was also identified as a useful follow up tool. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32700339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Rodrigues CN, Henrique JR, Ferreira ÁRS, Correia MITD Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Effects of Sexual Function, Social Media Use, and Self-Efficacy on Quality of Life among Home Parenteral Nutrition Patients.
CONCLUSION: Physical changes that affect SE and boost social relationships by allowing emotional support through social networks are important factors for QOL improvement. These findings may guide health professionals in the Management of HPN patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32700380 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kot D, Ławiński M, Słodkowski M, Kagan I, Hellerman M, Theilla M Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

The optimal estimate for energy requirements in adult patients with the m.3243 A > G mutation in mitochondrial DNA.
CONCLUSION: TEE is lower in these MD patients than the recommendations for healthy adults because of their lower physical activity. In MD patients six predictive equations for REE provide a reliable alternative for IC, with an accuracy in the range of 71-76%. As PAL is highly variable and not reliably estimated by patients, measurement of PAL using accelerometery is recommended in this population. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32696575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zweers HEE, Janssen MCH, Wanten GJA Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

9JPEN Journal Club 57. The Hawthorne Effect.
PMID: 32696995 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Koretz RL Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Nonthyroidal illness syndrome in patients with short bowel syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: NTIS is a common complication in adult patients with SBS. Patients with NTIS tend to have a worse nutritional status and poor prognosis. A potential pituitary thyrotroph dysfunction and hypodeiodination condition may play a role in the pathophysiology of NTIS in SBS. Furthermore, IGF-1 is a meaningful predictor for distinguishing NTIS from euthyroid. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT04450472). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32697347 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Wan S, Yang J, Gao X, Zhang L, Wang X Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Predictive Validity of Body Mass Index Cut-off Values Used in the GLIM Criteria for discriminating Severe and Moderate Malnutrition Based on In-Patients With Pneumonia in Asian Populations.
This study aimed to investigate the predictive validity of the previously reported body mass index (BMI) cut-off values of the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria for patients with pneumonia in Asian populations using a nationwide registry database. METHODS: The study included 26,098 (2,282 patients aged
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 17, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Shimizu A, Maeda K, Wakabayashi H, Nishioka S, Nagano A, Kayashita J, Fujishima I, Momosaki R Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Type 2 Diabetes Metabolic Improvement After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass May Include A Compensatory Mechanism That Balances Fatty Acid β and ω Oxidation.
CONCLUSIONS: RYGB was associated with systemic and GI metabolic reprogramming. DCA alterations links ω and β fatty acid oxidation to homeostatic mechanisms, including TCA cycle improvement. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32654184 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Mendonça Machado N, Torrinhas RS, Sala P, Ishida RK, Guarda IFMS, Moura EGH, Sakai P, Santo MA, Linetzky Waitzberg D Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

A Failure In Systems and Culture: Barriers That Prevent Implementation Of Evidence-Based Fasting Times For Patients In The Acute Care Setting.
CONCLUSIONS: This research is the first to explore barriers and enablers to implementing interventions to address excessive fasting. This research highlights the complexity of the issue, and the need for a multi-faceted translational intervention addressing limitations in systems and cultural barriers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32654214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Carey S, Hogan S Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Relationship With Calcium, Nutritional Risk, QTc Interval, Tp-e Interval and Tp-e/QTc Ratio of Critical Care Patients.
CONCLUSION: QTc interval, Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QTc ratios are significantly increased in patients with high nutritional risk score compared to healthy people and these are independently associated with calcium and albumine levels can be used more effectively in the follow-up of cardiac fatal arrhythmias. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32623736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 5, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Avci BŞ, Kuvvetli A Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Association Between Anthropometric Indicators of Nutrition Status and Length of Hospital Stay in Hospitalized Patients.
This study aims to measure the independent association of weight, triceps skinfold thickness (TST), mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), adductor pollicis muscle thickness (APMT), mid-upper arm muscle area (AMA), mid-upper arm muscle circumference (AMC), and body mass index (BMI) with LOS and investigating whether these indicators had similar validity in predicting LOS. METHODS: Six hundred ninety-five patients participated in a prospective observational study. Participants were dichotomized indicators studied according to the 5th and 25th percentiles described in the literature (for APMT only the 5th percentile was us...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Pinto AC, Sousa AS, Amaral TF, Guerra RS Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

High parenteral support volume is associated with reduced quality of life determined by the Short Bowel Syndrome Quality of Life scale ™ in non-malignant intestinal failure patients.
CONCLUSION: In patients with benign SBS-IF high HPS volume was associated with poor QoL. Also, jejuno- or ileostomy with small-bowel length
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Nordsten CB, Molsted S, Bangsgaard L, Fuglsang KA, Brandt CF, Niemann MJ, Jeppesen PB Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Milk Fat Globule Membrane Enhances Colonic-Mucus-Barrier Function in a Rat Model of Short Bowel Syndrome.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Clinical research reveals that colon plays an important role in mitigating the effects of short bowel syndrome (SBS). Previously, we showed that the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) had protective effects on gut barrier integrity in the rat SBS model. Here, we used the same rat model to investigate the effects of enteral MFGM supplementation on gut microbiota and colonic-mucus-barrier function and its related mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We randomly divided 24 male Sprague-Dawley rats into three groups: Sham, SBS (rats with massive small bowel resection), and SBS+MFGM (SBS rats supp...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 2, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu Z, Li Y, Niu Y, Tang Q, Wu J Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Evaluation of Nutritional Risk and its Association With Mortality Risk in Severe and Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients.
This study evaluates the clinical and nutritional characteristics of severe and critically ill patients infected with SARS-CoV-2, and investigates the relationship between nutritional risk and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was conducted at West Campus of Union Hospital in Wuhan. Patients confirmed with SARS-CoV-2 infection by a nucleic acid-positive test and identified as severe or critically ill, were enrolled in this study. Clinical data and outcomes information was collected and nutritional risk was assessed by using Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS). RESULTS: Totally, 41...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhao X, Li Y, Ge Y, Shi Y, Lv P, Zhang J, Fu G, Zhou Y, Jiang K, Lin N, Bai T, Jin R, Wu Y, Yang X, Li X Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Editorial - Nutritional Status Affects COVID-19 Patient Outcomes.
PMID: 32613691 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - July 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Berger MM Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Ultrasonography in Sarcopenic Obesity: Good Looking' But Wrong Buttoning of the First Button.
il;akar L PMID: 32597496 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Kara M, Ata AM, Kaymak B, Özçakar L Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Author Response to 'Ultrasonography in Sarcopenic Obesity:'Good Looking' But Wrong Buttoning of the First Button'.
PMID: 32592605 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 27, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Deniz O, Cruz-Jentoft A, Aycicek GS, Unsal P, Esme M, Ucar Y, Burkuk S, Sendur A, Yavuz BB, Cankurtaran M, Halil M Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Quantifying Response To Nutritional Therapy During Critical Illness: Implications For Clinical Practice and Research? A narrative Review.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32583880 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Fetterplace K, Ridley EJ, Beach L, Abdelhamid YA, Presneill JJ, MacIsaac CM, Deane AM Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Use of Vitamin D in Critical Illness: A Concept for Whom the Bell Tolls.
PMID: 32573805 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Patel J, McClave SA Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

CT-Measured Psoas Muscle Density as a Predictive Factor for Hypophosphatemia Associated with Refeeding.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Initiation of parenteral nutrition (PN) after a period of starvation can be complicated by refeeding syndrome (RFS). RFSs is associated with electrolyte abnormalities including hypomagnesemia, hyponatremia, and most commonly hypophosphatemia. Risk factors associated with the development of RFS include recent weight loss, low BMI, and electrolyte deficiencies, however, these associations are not strong. We hypothesized that a validated measure of nutritional risk, CT-measured psoas muscle density, can be used to predict the development of hypophosphatemia associated with RFS. METHODS: A re...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ireland M, Lo W, Villarreal M, Coleman L, Schubauer K, Strassels S, Peters Z, Woodling K, Evans D, Wisler J Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Early Hypermetabolism is Uncommon in Trauma ICU Patients.
CONCLUSION: Only a minority of injured patients is hypermetabolic in the first week after injury. Elevated temperature, penetrating mechanism, and burn mechanism are independently associated with sustained hypermetabolism. Hyperconsumptive phenotype patients are more likely to develop malnutrition during hospitalization. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32562287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 20, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Byerly S, Vasileiou G, Qian S, Mantero A, Lee E, Parks J, Mulder M, Pust DG, Rattan R, Lineen E, Byers P, Namias N, Yeh DD Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Hypermetabolism and COVID-19.
CONCLUSION: Critically ill patients with COVID-19 are in an extreme hypermetabolic state. This may explain the high failure rates for mechanical ventilation for these patients and highlights the potential need for increased nutritional requirements for such patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32559309 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu PJ, Cassiere H, DeRosa S, Bocchieri K, Yar S, Hartman A Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

JPEN Journal Club 56. Primary Outcomes.
PMID: 32559316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Koretz RL Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM): Guidance on Validation of the Operational Criteria for the Diagnosis of Protein-Energy Malnutrition in Adults.
CONCLUSION: The guidance presented supports the conduct and publication of quality validation and reliability studies for GLIM. PMID: 32529700 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Keller H, de van der Schueren MAE, GLIM Consortium, Jensen GL, Barazzoni R, Compher C, Correia MITD, Gonzalez MC, Jager-Wittenaar H, Pirlich M, Steiber A, Waitzberg D, Cederholm T Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Rapid Diagnosis of Altered Mental Status In Home Pn Patient.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32524638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 10, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Byerly SE, Lee E, Byers P, Yeh DD Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Effect of Exclusive Enteral Nutrition on the Disease Process, Nutritional Status, and Gastrointestinal Microbiota for Chinese Children With Crohn's Disease.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to prospectively study the effect of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) treatment on Chinese pediatric Crohn's disease (CD) patients. METHODS: Thirty-one newly diagnosed CD patients were enrolled in this study and treated with EEN for 8 weeks. Twelve healthy controls (HCs) donated their fecal samples. Statistical methods were used to compare the differences. RESULTS: According to the Simple Endoscopic Score for CD (SES-CD) at the end of the EEN treatment, 21 patients whose SES-CD ≤ 4 were classified into the remission group (CD-RE), 10 patients whose SES-C...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tang W, Huang Y, Shi P, Wang Y, Zhang Y, Xue A, Tang Z, Hu W, Sun H, Zhang P, Zheng C, Shi J, Wang S, Qiu X, Lu X, Miao S, Meng Y Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Early Signs of Impaired Gut Function Affect Daily Functioning in Patients With Advanced Cancer Undergoing Chemotherapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Advanced cancer patients with gastrointestinal symptoms during chemotherapy, particularly those with recent weight loss, show signs of impaired gut function, negatively affecting muscle health, daily functioning, and anabolic response to feeding. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32511767 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: van der Mei BS, Deutz NEP, Rodriguez RE, Engelen MPKJ Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Comparative Complication Rates of 854 Central Venous Access Devices for Home Parenteral Nutrition in Cancer Patients: A Prospective Study of Over 169,000 Catheter Days.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Whether peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) are appropriate as safe and durable venous access devices (VADs) is still controversial. The aim of this prospective, cohort, 7-year study was to compare the incidence rate differences of catheter-related complications (CRCs) among 4 types of central VADs in cancer patients on home parenteral nutrition (HPN). METHODS: We enrolled all adult cancer outpatients who were candidates for HPN and who had a central VAD inserted during the study period, focusing on the incidence rate of CRCs. RESULTS: We evaluated 854 central VADs [401 P...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Cotogni P, Mussa B, Degiorgis C, De Francesco A, Pittiruti M Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

A Microsimulation Model to Compare Enteral and Parenteral Iron Supplementation in Children with Intestinal Failure.
CONCLUSIONS: We found both parenteral and enteral iron to be effective at reducing blood transfusions. The cost of enteral iron makes it the desired choice in patients who can tolerate it. Future work should aim to identify which subpopulations of patients may benefit most from one strategy over the other. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32511770 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Raghu VK, Rudolph JA, Jalal HJ, Smith KJ Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

A Catabolic Index Adjusted for the Creatinine Height Index. Can it Help in Nutritional Assessment?
PMID: 32506542 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 7, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bistrian BR Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Themes of Stressors, Emotional Fatigue, and Communication Challenges Found in Mobile Care Discussion Sessions With Patients Requiring Lifelong Home Parenteral Nutrition Infusions.
CONCLUSION: Teens and young adults living with lifelong HPN face a variety of unique psychological, physical, and emotional stressors and may benefit from numerous methods for managing these challenges. PMID: 32495954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Smith CE, Yadrich D, Wright S, Ridder L, Werkowitch M, Bruce A, Bonar JRM Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

A Spore-Forming Probiotic Supplement Improves the Intestinal Immune Response and Protects the Intestinal Health During Recurrent Clostridioides difficile Colonization in Mice.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Around 15%-30% of patients develop recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) as conventional therapies disrupt protective gut microbiota. We tested if supplementation with a spore-forming probiotic would protect intestinal health in a mouse model of recurrent CD colonization. METHODS: Methods: Female CF-1 mice were exposed to CD spores (4-log10 colony-forming units/10 μL) and then randomly assigned to receive either saline (CD-S) or probiotic (CD-PRO). Control mice received only saline (control). Following confirmation of initial CD colonization, mice were treated with vancomy...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Ramezani Kapourchali F, Glueck B, Han Y, Shapiro D, Fulmer CG, Cresci GAM Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Assessment of Energy and Protein Requirements in Relation to Nitrogen Kinetics, Nutrition, and Clinical Outcomes in Infants Receiving Early Enteral Nutrition Following Cardiopulmonary Bypass.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Nutrition therapies in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is crucial, but energy and protein requirements remain undefined. We assessed energy and protein requirements, with nitrogen kinetics and clinical outcomes, in infants with complex CHD following CPB. METHODS: Infants were randomized to control (1.3 g/kg/d), moderate protein (MP, 2.5 g/kg/d), or high protein (HP, 4 g/kg/d) groups. Resting energy expenditure (REE) was measured 6 hours post-CPB and then at 24-hour intervals, using indirect calorimetry to formulate energy intakes. Enteral fo...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 4, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Zhang J, Cui YQ, Luo Y, Chen XX, Li J Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Postoperative Utilization of Oral Nutritional Supplements in Surgical Patients in US Hospitals.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Postoperative nutrition delivery is essential to surgical recovery; unfortunately, postoperative dietary intake is often poor. Recent surgical guidelines recommend use of oral nutritional supplements (ONS) to improve nutrition delivery. Our aim was to examine prevalence of coded ONS use over time and coded malnutrition rates in postoperative patients. METHODS: The Premier Healthcare Database (PHD) was queried for postoperative patients found to have charges for ONS between 2008-2014. ONS use identified via charge codes. Descriptive statistics utilized to examine prevalence of malnutrition...
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - June 3, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Williams DGA, Ohnuma T, Krishnamoorthy V, Raghunathan K, Sulo S, Cassady BA, Hegazi R, Wischmeyer PE Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Dysbiosis of Gut Microbiota and Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Acute Ischemic Stroke and the Subsequent Risk for Poor Functional Outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Dysbiosis of SCFAs-producing bacteria and SCFAs in AIS patients increased the subsequent risk for poor functional outcomes, indicating that SCFAs could be potential prognostic markers and therapeutic targets for stroke. PMID: 32473086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - May 30, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Tan C, Wu Q, Wang H, Gao X, Xu R, Cui Z, Zhu J, Zeng X, Zhou H, He Y, Yin J Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor in relation to Bistrian BR. Parenteral fish oil emulsions in critically ill COVID-19 emulsions [published online ahead of print, 2020 May 8]. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2020;10.1002/jpen.1871.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32463483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition)
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - May 28, 2020 Category: Nutrition Authors: Torrinhas RS, Calder PC, Waitzberg DL Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research