Dizziness in patients with cognitive impairment.
Authors: Lee HW, Lim YH, Kim SH Abstract Accumulating evidences show that the vestibular system contributes to cognitive function, including visuospatial ability, memory, and attention. Conversely, cognitive processes appear to affect the vestibular system. Based on the assumption that cognitive impairment correlates to increased perceived dizziness, we recruited 308 adults with cognitive decline from neurodegenerative disorders and administered neuropsychological tests and the Dizziness Handicap Inventory. Global cognitive measures did not correlate with increased dizziness, whereas attentional and visuospatial co...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - December 7, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Postural control abnormalities related to sleep deprivation in patients with Marfan Syndrome.
Authors: Micarelli A, Viziano A, Lanzillotta A, Giorgino FM, Pisano C, Ruvolo G, Alessandrini M Abstract BACKGROUND: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a rare autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder affecting virtually every organ. Sleep disturbances, associated to high collapsibility in upper airways, are common in MFS; daytime sleepiness could lead to reduction in attention and motor coordination, with detrimental effects on balance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate otoneurological function in MFS patients, compared to healthy subjects, and to investigate possible correlations with sleep deprivation extent. METHODS: Fo...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - November 11, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Reversal of paradoxical stimulation (false inversion) in perforated tympanic membranes by increasing the time of warm stimulation, evidenced by a physical model.
CONCLUSIONS: Increasing the stimulation time can be used as a strategy to differentiate reverse nystagmus from paradoxical stimulation. Confusion is thus avoided in diagnostic findings, allowing peripheral alterations to be distinguished from central ones. PMID: 31707380 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - November 11, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

A plea for systematic literature analysis and conclusive study design, comment on: "Systematic review of magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis of Meniere disease".
A plea for systematic literature analysis and conclusive study design, comment on: "Systematic review of magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis of Meniere disease". J Vestib Res. 2019 Jun 06;: Authors: Gürkov R, Barath K, de Foer B, Fukushima M, Gluth M, Hornibrook J, Perez-Fernandez N, Pyykkö I, Sone M, Usami SI, Wang W, Zou J, Naganawa S PMID: 31658075 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - October 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes of triple semicircular canal plugging for the treatment of intractable Meniere's disease: a single center experience of 361 cases.
CONCLUSION: Triple semicircular canal plugging (TSCP), which can reduce vertiginous symptoms in patients with intractable Meniere's disease (MD), represents an effective therapy for this disorder. It might become a new important method in the framework of treatment with MD. PMID: 31640108 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - October 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Effects of long-term vestibular rehabilitation therapy with vibrotactile sensory augmentation for people with unilateral vestibular disorders - a randomized preliminary study.
CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating vibrotactile SA into vestibular rehabilitation programs may lead to additional benefits that may be retained up to six months after training, compared to training without vibrotactile SA. A larger study is warranted to demonstrate statistical significance between the groups. PMID: 31609716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - October 15, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Biasing the semicircular canal cupula in excitatory direction decreases the gain of the vestibuloocular reflex for head impulses.
CONCLUSIONS: Together with the previous results cited above, these data show that biasing the cupula in either direction decreases its sensitivity with respect to high acceleration stimuli. This might occur because the deviation elicits a partial mechanical and electrophysiological saturation of the cupula. PMID: 31594278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - October 9, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Acute dizziness with potential life-threatening event: A case series from single ICU.
Authors: Dao-Ming T, Ye-Ting Z Abstract BACKGROUND: Whether the acute dizziness would be associated with potentially life-threatening event, which was previously unknown. METHODS: Between Jan 2014 and Dec 2016, We performed a retrospective survey to investigate the clinical data of patients with acute dizziness from an intensive care unit (ICU) in China. Inclusion criteria for all cases were presented with acute dizziness at onset, and then with a potentially life-threatening event. Baseline data and 30-days outcomes were collected. RESULTS: Approximately 1.0% of ICU patients had an acute dizziness with pot...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - September 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Persistent-postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD)-Yes, it is a psychosomatic condition!
Authors: Hüfner K, Sperner-Unterweger B Abstract The Barany society published recently the consensus document for the diagnostic criteria of persistent postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD). In this commentary we highlight the benefits of this new diagnosis and possible problems that can arise during the use of the criteria in day to day clinical practice at a University Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine. The diagnostic criteria of PPPD are compared to those of somatic symptom disorder and bodily distress disorder. We think that a discussion from a psychosomatic point of view is important to improve the underst...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - September 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Letters to the Editor.
Authors: Staab JP PMID: 31561402 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - September 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

A standardized, incremental protocol to increase human tolerance to the cross-coupled illusion.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings are critical for future missions that may require several astronauts to be acclimated concurrently, due to resource and time constraints. Assessing feasibility of fast spin rate, short-radius centrifugation is crucial for the future of artificial gravity implementation during spaceflight. PMID: 31476190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - September 4, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Gaze stability in the elite athlete: A normative observational study.
CONCLUSIONS: Similar to prior studies with smaller samples that have examined GST in athletes, we found high levels of GST performance in professional baseball players relative to normative data for the general population. Normative data for elite athletes was established using this healthy sample. This study underscores the importance of understanding the unique abilities of elite athletes when providing therapy after injury. PMID: 31476191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - September 4, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Auditory influence on postural control during stance tasks in different acoustic conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: An impaired auditory input by plugging/acoustic masking reduced postural control. Interrupted noise seems to provide a continuously repeated feedback about the postural position in a reverberant room. Hence, the effect of hearing on posture highly depends on the structure of the auditory signal, the sensorimotor condition and the acoustic environment. PMID: 31450523 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - August 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Chinese version of the vestibular activities and participation measure.
CONCLUSIONS: The VAP-C shows evidence of reliability and validity, which can be applied for evaluating the impact of the vestibular disorder on patients' activities and participation in Chinese language populations. PMID: 31450524 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - August 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Assessing misperception of rotation in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo with static and dynamic visual images.
CONCLUSION: Patients can easily learn to use a video language to describe their experiences. Perception is generally aligned with canal stimulus and nystagmus, but not exactly. PMID: 31450525 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - August 29, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Systematic review of magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis of Meniere disease.
Authors: Lopez-Escamez JA, Attyé A Abstract The diagnostic criteria for Meniere Disease (MD) are clinical and include two categories: definite MD and probable MD, based on clinical examination and without the necessity of advanced vestibular or audiological testing. The condition is a heterogeneous disorder and it is associated with endolymphatic hydrops (EH), an accumulation of endolymph in the inner ear that causes damage to the ganglion cells. Patients with suspected EH can be examined by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), offering new insights into these inner ear disorders. Results of imaging studies usi...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Tolerable acclimation to the cross-coupled illusion through a 10-day, incremental, personalized protocol.
CONCLUSIONSAcclimation to the cross-coupled illusion, such as that accomplished here, is critical for feasibility of short-radius centrifugation for AG implementation. PMID: 31356220 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

A Smartphone-based gaming system for vestibular rehabilitation: A usability study.
CONCLUSIONThe current study demonstrated the usability and safety of a smartphone-based system for vestibular rehabilitation. The system is compact, and affordable thus has the potential to become an excellent tool for home-based vestibular rehabilitation. PMID: 31356221 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

MRI findings in vestibular paroxysmia - An observational study.
CONCLUSION: Our study supports the concept of NVCC in VP and additionally suggests that nerve angulation may be a specific feature. Neurovascular contact remains a common phenomenon in asymptomatic patients and therefore correlation with neuro-otology assessment remains essential. PMID: 31356222 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Association between dopamine receptor D2 Taq IA gene polymorphism and persistent postural-perceptual dizziness.
Authors: Cui L, Yan Z, Gong L, Tang J, Kong M, Sun F, Yu Q, Liang H, Chen C Abstract BACKGROUND: Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a chronic dizziness, its pathogenesis is unknown by now. OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the DRD2 gene TaqIA polymorphisms and PPPD, and further to explore the molecular mechanism underlying this disease. METHODS: 43 patients diagnosed with PPPD and 45 randomly selected cases (matched by age and sex) were included in the study and control group, respectively. DRD2 gene TaqIA polymorphisms were detected in all participants by polymerase chain reactio...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 30, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Changes in gain of horizontal vestibulo-ocular reflex during spaceflight.
CONCLUSION: The decrease in DVOR gain early in the flight and after the flight reflects adaptive changes in central integration of vestibular and proprioceptive sensory inputs during active head movements. PMID: 31306145 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 17, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Presbyvestibulopathy: Diagnostic criteria Consensus document of the classification committee of the B árány Society.
Presbyvestibulopathy: Diagnostic criteria Consensus document of the classification committee of the Bárány Society. J Vestib Res. 2019 Jul 12;: Authors: Agrawal Y, Van de Berg R, Wuyts F, Walther L, Magnusson M, Oh E, Sharpe M, Strupp M Abstract This paper describes the diagnostic criteria for presbyvestibulopathy (PVP) by the Classification Committee of the Bárány Society. PVP is defined as a chronic vestibular syndrome characterized by unsteadiness, gait disturbance, and/or recurrent falls in the presence of mild bilateral vestibular deficits, with findings on laboratory t...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 17, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Longitudinal study of hyperbaric oxygen intervention on balance and affective symptoms in military service members with  persistent post-concussive symptoms.
CONCLUSION: HBO2 may influence balance function after mild TBI, particularly in those with affective symptoms. PMID: 31282447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 12, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Classification of Vestibular Signs and Examination Techniques: Nystagmus and Nystagmus-like Movements.
Authors: Eggers SDZ, Bisdorff A, von Brevern M, Zee DS, Kim JS, Perez-Fernandez N, Welgampola MS, Della Santina CC, Newman-Toker DE Abstract This paper presents a classification and definitions for types of nystagmus and other oscillatory eye movements relevant to evaluation of patients with vestibular and neurological disorders, formulated by the Classification Committee of the Bárány Society, to facilitate identification and communication for research and clinical care. Terminology surrounding the numerous attributes and influencing factors necessary to characterize nystagmus are outlined and define...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

The efficacy of a modified Dix-Hallpike test with a pillow under shoulders.
CONCLUSIONS: The modified version of the standard DH test, the 'pillow under shoulders' method, may be a reliable, comfortable option to diagnose vertical canal BPPV. We suggest that this method can be used when head hanging is not feasible or sufficient for the standard DH test. PMID: 31256096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics and associated factors of canal switch in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
Authors: Lee G, Lee SG, Park HS, Kim BJ, Choi SJ, Choi JW Abstract BACKGROUND: Canal switch benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (CS-BPPV) is a transition of BPPV involving one canal to another canal during or after canalith repositioning procedures (CRP). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics of CS-BPPV and its associated factors. METHODS: The data of 2,303 patients with BPPV involving the lateral canal (LC) or posterior canal (PC) were retrospectively analyzed. Demographics, etiologies, and various clinical parameters related to CRP were compared between patients with and without CS-BPPV....
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Demographic data and seasonal variation in peripheral vestibular disorders in ENT practices in Germany.
CONCLUSIONS: The demographic data of MD and BPPV patients are comparable to those found by previous large-scale epidemiologic studies. However, no seasonal variation was demonstrated for any vestibular disorder in this large sample. PMID: 31256098 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - July 2, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Role of head-mounted displays in enhancing vestibular rehabilitation effects: Comment on "Evaluation of the effectiveness of a Virtual Reality-based exercise program for Unilateral Peripheral Vestibular Deficit".
Role of head-mounted displays in enhancing vestibular rehabilitation effects: Comment on "Evaluation of the effectiveness of a Virtual Reality-based exercise program for Unilateral Peripheral Vestibular Deficit". J Vestib Res. 2019 Jun 15;: Authors: Micarelli A, Viziano A, Alessandrini M PMID: 31227677 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - June 23, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Role of head-mounted displays in enhancing vestibular rehabilitation effects: Comment on "Evaluation of the effectiveness of a Virtual Reality-based exercise program for Unilateral Peripheral Vestibular Deficit".
Role of head-mounted displays in enhancing vestibular rehabilitation effects: Comment on "Evaluation of the effectiveness of a Virtual Reality-based exercise program for Unilateral Peripheral Vestibular Deficit". J Vestib Res. 2019 Jun 15;: Authors: Rosiak O, Jozefowicz-Korczynska M PMID: 31227678 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - June 23, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

MRI findings in vestibular paroxysmia - An observational study.
CONCLUSION: Our study supports the concept of NVCC in VP and additionally suggests that nerve angulation may be a specific feature. Neurovascular contact remains a common phenomenon in asymptomatic patients and therefore correlation with neuro-otology assessment remains essential. PMID: 31205008 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - June 19, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Tolerable Acclimation to the Cross-Coupled Illusion through a 10-day, Incremental, Personalized Protocol.
CONCLUSIONSAcclimation to the cross-coupled illusion, such as that accomplished here, is critical for feasibility of short-radius centrifugation for AG implementation. PMID: 31177253 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - June 10, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

A Smartphone-based gaming system for vestibular rehabilitation: A usability study.
CONCLUSIONThe current study demonstrated the usability and safety of a smartphone-based system for vestibular rehabilitation. The system is compact, and affordable thus has the potential to become an excellent tool for home-based vestibular rehabilitation. PMID: 31177254 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - June 10, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

A plea for systematic literature analysis and conclusive study design.
Authors: Gürkov R PMID: 31177255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - June 10, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Magnetic resonance imaging of endolymphatic hydrops: Controversies and common ground.
Authors: Lopez-Escamez JA, Attyé A PMID: 31177256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - June 10, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

2019 Vestibular Oriented Research Meeting, May 19-22, 2019, Hosted by The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center at the Marriott at the University of Dayton.
Authors: PMID: 31104037 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - May 21, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

540 ° versus 360° barbecue rotation for HSC-canalithiasis.
540° versus 360° barbecue rotation for HSC-canalithiasis. J Vestib Res. 2018;28(5-6):425-429 Authors: Chen Lu CM Abstract BACKGROUND: There are some variations of barbecue rotation to treat canalithiasis of horizontal semicircular canal (HSC-canalithiasis). But a 540° approach has never been reported. OBJECTIVE: To compare a modified 540° to a traditional 360° barbecue rotation for treatment of HSC-canalithiasis. METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients with HSC-canalithiasis were prospectively allocated to two groups of log roll treatment, either 540° or 360° barbecue ro...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - April 24, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Hemodynamic orthostatic dizziness/vertigo: Diagnostic criteria.
Authors: Kim HA, Bisdorff A, Bronstein AM, Lempert T, Rossi-Izquierdo M, Staab JP, Strupp M, Kim JS Abstract This paper presents the diagnostic criteria for hemodynamic orthostatic dizziness/vertigo to be included in the International Classification of Vestibular Disorders (ICVD). The aim of defining diagnostic criteria of hemodynamic orthostatic dizziness/vertigo is to help the clinicians to understand the terminology related to orthostatic dizziness/vertigo and to distinguish orthostatic dizziness/vertigo due to global brain hypoperfusion from that caused by other etiologies. Diagnosis of hemodynamic orthostatic ...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - March 20, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging in the differential diagnosis of isolated acute audiovestibular loss.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that isolated acute audiovestibular loss due to labyrinthitis is more common than other secondary causes including vestibular schwannoma or AICA infarction. However, MRI with a tailored, abbreviated protocol is strongly recommended in patients with isolated acute audiovestibular loss to identify the exact etiologies. PMID: 30856134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - March 12, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

A virtual reality head stability test for patients with vestibular dysfunction.
CONCLUSIONS: The VR_HST was found to be sensitive to differences between small and diverse groups. Its clinical utility should be studied in larger samples of patients with vestibular dysfunction. PMID: 30856135 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - March 12, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Combined ionic direct current and pulse frequency modulation improves the dynamic range of vestibular canal stimulation.
CONCLUSIONS: Tonic iDC baselines increase the dynamic range of encoding head velocity evoked by pulsatile stimulation, potentially via the inhibition of spontaneous activity in the vestibular nerve. PMID: 30856136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - March 12, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Derealization symptoms according to the subjective visual vertical during unilateral centrifugation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Authors: Jáuregui-Renaud K, Aranda-Moreno C, Villaseñor-Moreno JC, Giráldez Fernández ME, Maldonado Cano AJ, Gutierrez Castañeda MF, Figueroa-Padilla I, Saucedo-Zainos AL Abstract BACKGROUND: A recent study has shown variability on the perception of verticality during unilateral centrifugation among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus; it is yet unknown if it is related to symptoms of unreality. OBJECTIVE: In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus compared to age matched healthy volunteers, to assess depersonalization/derealization (DD) symptoms before and after unilateral ...
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - March 12, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Brain responses to virtual reality visual motion stimulation are affected by neurotic personality traits in patients with persistent postural-perceptual dizziness.
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with PPPD, neuroticism increased the activity and connectivity of neural networks that mediate attention to visual motion cues during vertical motion. This mechanism may mediate visual control of balance in neurotic patients with PPPD. PMID: 30856138 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - March 12, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Video-head impulse test results in patients with Meni ère's disease related to duration and stage of disease.
CONCLUSIONS: There is no relationship between the proportion of abnormal vHIT test results in patients with MD and either duration or stage of disease. PMID: 30856139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - March 12, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Use of the B árány Society criteria to diagnose benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
CONCLUSIONS: pc-BPPV, hc-BPPV, and cupulolithiasis of the horizontal canal (hc-BPPV-cu) were the three major subtypes that could be definitively diagnosed, whereas the diagnoses of possible benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (pBPPV) and probable benign paroxysmal positional vertigo [spontaneously resolved] (pBPPVsr) require further investigation, with special attention being paid to appropriate differentiation and repositioning maneuvers. PMID: 30814370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - March 1, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Corticosteroids versus vestibular rehabilitation in long-term outcomes in vestibular neuritis.
CONCLUSION: Corticosteroids and VRT seem to be equivalently effective in patients with VN. The study proposes that corticosteroids may accelerate the recovery of VN, with no more beneficial role in the long-term prognosis of the disease. PMID: 30714984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - February 5, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Evaluation of the effectiveness of a Virtual Reality-based exercise program for Unilateral Peripheral Vestibular Deficit.
CONCLUSIONS: Both methods reduce postural sway, however subjective reduction of symptoms was greater in the VR group. PMID: 30714985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - February 5, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Suppression head impulse paradigm in  healthy adolescents - a novel variant of the head impulse test.
CONCLUSIONS: We found that HIMP and SHIMP tests are feasible in healthy adolescents for experienced as well as inexperienced examiners. However, one must be aware of potential pitfalls in the execution and interpretation of both tests. This is a well-known fact for the HIMP test, but additional considerations are needed to obtain reliable results from the SHIMP test. PMID: 30373968 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - October 31, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Usefulness of galvanically induced nystagmus as a diagnostic test of peripheral vestibular hypofunction.
CONCLUSIONS: Since neither AUC is better than random discrimination, this study concludes that GVS-induced nystagmus is not useful as a diagnostic tool for unilateral peripheral vestibular hypofunction. These findings discourage the use of GVS-induced nystagmus in the clinical setting. PMID: 30347633 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - October 25, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

The occlusion effect in bone conducted cVEMP.
CONCLUSIONS: The occlusion effect is present in VEMPs. This finding, described herein for the first time, has a number of clinical implications such as the surgically altered ear and the use of occluding hearing aids. PMID: 30282383 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - October 5, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research

Vestibular dysfunction, beyond benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, affects mental rotations: Comment on "Visual dependence and spatial orientation in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo".
Vestibular dysfunction, beyond benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, affects mental rotations: Comment on "Visual dependence and spatial orientation in benign paroxysmal positional vertigo". J Vestib Res. 2018 Sep 25;: Authors: Micarelli A, Candidi M, Viziano A, Alessandrini M PMID: 30282384 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation)
Source: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation - October 5, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Tags: J Vestib Res Source Type: research