Host distribution and pathogen infection of fleas (Siphonaptera) recovered from small mammals in Pennsylvania
This study provides evidence of emerging pathogens found in fleas, but further investigation is required to resolve the ecology of flea‐borne disease transmission cycles. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Kaila Fedele, Karen C. Poh, Jessica E. Brown, Amanda Jones, Lance A. Durden, Hannah S. Tiffin, Alexandra Pagac, Andrew Y. Li, Erika T. Machtinger Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Managing plague on prairie dog colonies: insecticides as ectoparasiticides
ABSTRACTHuman health practitioners and wildlife biologists use insecticides to manage plague by suppressing fleas (Siphonaptera), but insecticides can also kill other ectoparasites. We investigated effects of deltamethrin and fipronil on ectoparasites from black ‐tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus, BTPDs). In late July, 2018, we treated three sites with 0.05% deltamethrin dust and 5 sites with host ‐fed 0.005% fipronil grain. Three non‐treated sites functioned as experimental baselines. We collected ectoparasites before treatments (June‐July, 2018) and after treatments (August‐October, 2018, June‐July, 2...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: David A. Eads, Alexis C. Yashin, Lauren E. Noble, Michele C. Vasquez, Miranda H.J. Huang, Travis M. Livieri, Phillip Dobesh, Eddie Childers, Dean E. Biggins Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Herbicide treatment alters the effects of water hyacinth on larval mosquito abundance
ABSTRACTInvasive aquatic weeds are managed with herbicides to reduce their negative impacts on waterways in many areas, including the California Delta Region. Herbicides create a dynamic environment of living and decomposing plant matter that could affect larval mosquitoes and other invertebrates, such as their predators and competitors. Our objective was to compare the number of larval mosquitoes in water or water hyacinth, before and after an herbicide treatment. We created replicated pond mesocosms with water hyacinth, water hyacinth treated with glyphosate and an oil adjuvant, open water, and water with glyphosate plus...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Maribel A. Portilla, Sharon P. Lawler Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Erratum to “State‐wide survey of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Florida” Journal of Vector Ecology 44 (2): 210–215. 2019.
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 1-1, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Casey Parker, Daviela Ramirez, C. Roxanne Connelly Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Issue Information
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page i-iii, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Horizontal distribution affects the vertical distribution of native and invasive container ‐inhabiting Aedes mosquitoes within an urban landscape
ABSTRACTThe vertical dimension constitutes an important niche axis along which mosquitoes may adjust their distribution. Here, we evaluated whether the vertical distribution of container ‐inhabitingAedes mosquitoes differs along a gradient of anthropogenic land ‐use intensity within an urban landscape. Using a pulley system, we hung oviposition cups at three heights (ground level, 4.5, and 9 m) and in three habitats: forest, park, and a built environment. We hypothesized that mosquito abundance and diversity would be highest in the least disturbed forest habitat, decrease in the park, and be lowest at the UNC‐Greensb...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Marcelo Schwarz, Brian D. Byrd, Bahjat F. Marayati, Peter W. Blum, Michael B. Wells, Anthony D. Greene, Marissa Taylor, Gideon Wasserberg Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Aedes albopictus oviposits with other Aedes species in artificial oviposition cups: a case study in Knox County, Tennessee, U.S.A.
ABSTRACTInterspecific associations between two mosquito species can lead to effects such as competition, species displacement, and species stability. To better understandAedes albopictus (Skuse) and otherAedes species, we monitored eggs in artificial oviposition cups (ovitraps) within Knox County, TN, U.S.A., during the 2016 and 2017 mosquito seasons. In 2016, one black and one white ovitrap were placed at 18 sites for 21 weeks, while in 2017 black and white ovitraps baited with grass ‐infused or deionized water were placed at 11 sites for nine weeks. Eggs were identified to species and resulting counts were used to dete...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: A. Dixson, R.N. Jackson, R.D. Rowe, R. Nease, R.T. Trout Fryxell Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Mosquito community composition and abundance at contrasting sites in northern South Africa, 2014 –2017
ABSTRACTMost data on species associations and vector potential of mosquitoes in relation to arboviral infections in South Africa date back from the 1940s to late 1990s. Contextual information crucial for disease risk management and control, such as the sampling effort, diversity, abundance, and distribution of mosquitoes in large parts of South Africa still remains limited. Adult mosquitoes were collected routinely from two horse farms in Gauteng Province; two wildlife reserves in Limpopo Province, at Orpen Gate in Kruger National Park (KNP) and Mnisi Area in Mpumalanga Province between 2014 –2017, using carbon dioxi...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Todd Johnson, Leo Braack, Milehna Guarido, Marietjie Venter, Antonio Paulo Gouveia Almeida Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Triatoma brasiliensis species complex: characterization of the external female genitalia
ABSTRACTTheTriatoma brasiliensis complex is composed of six species (Triatoma bahiensis, T. juazerensis, T. lenti, T. melanica, T. petrocchiae, andT. sherlocki) and two subspecies (T. brasiliensis brasiliensis andT. b. macromelasoma). Phylogenetic studies have shown that it is a monophyletic group, but the morphological relationships among the members can be better understood. We applied a tool of high resolution based on morphology to identify details that characterize the female genitals for each member of this group. The external genital structures of five to fifteen females of each taxon were analyzed. Insects had thei...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Jader Oliveira, Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi, Carlos Eduardo Almeida, Vagner Jos é Mendonça, Jane Costa, João Aristeu Rosa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Influence of light and kairomone baiting systems on trap collections of biting midges in southern Sweden
The objective of this study was to determine how the baiting system used in traps (UV, incandescent light, incandescent light with CO2, and incandescent light with CO2 and 1 ‐octen‐3‐ol) influences estimates of midge population abundance, parity, and diel activity. This was achieved through a standardized trapping protocol conducted in three habitats in Sweden. UV light traps caught the mostCulicoides species and moreC. obsoletus complex females than incandescent light traps. Traps baited with CO2 plus 1 ‐octen‐3‐ol caught more femaleC. impunctatus than incandescent light traps. No consistent effect of bait typ...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Daniel Bray, Elin Isberg, Ylva Hillbur, Rickard Ignell Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Elimination of Aedes aegypti in northern Australia, 2004 –2006
This report details the methods and results of the detection and subsequent elimination activities that were carried out between 2004 and 2006, returning the NT to its dengue vector ‐free status. There have been very few successfulAe. aegypti elimination programs in the world. This purposeful mosquito elimination for Australia was officially declared on 5 April 2006. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Peter I. Whelan, Nina Kurucz, William J. Pettit, Vicki Krause Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of boric acid as toxic sugar bait against resistant Aedes aegypti mosquitoes
This study evaluated insecticide delivery through toxic sugar baits (TSB) and resulting mortality of susceptible and resistant strains ofAedes aegypti. TwoAe. aegypti strains were evaluated using a 1% boric acid TSB: the susceptible Orlando 1952 (ORL) strain and the resistant Puerto Rican (PR) strain. The TSB resulted in high mortality for both ORL and PR strain ofAe. aegypti. Average mortality of female mosquitoes given TSB was 90.8% for PR and 99.3% for ORL. Our study suggests that targeting resistant mosquitoes with ingestible insecticides through TSBs could be a viable alternative to current mosquito control strategies...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Mandi A. Pearson, Kai Blore, Caroline Efstathion, Vindhya S. Aryaprema, Gunter C. Muller, Rui ‐De Xue, Whitney A. Qualls Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of forest degradation on the sand fly communities of northeast Brazil
In conclusion, a change in vegetation cover negatively affects the richness and abundance of sand fl ies in the natural environment. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Jorge Luiz Pinto Moraes, Heliana Trindade Marinho Santana, Maria Concei ção Abreu Bandeira, José Manuel Macário Rebêlo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Investigation of Ixodid ticks as vectors of Babesia caballi and Theileria equi (Protozoa: Apicomplexa) in central Italy
In this study, we identified a potential competent vector, investigating main features of its ecology together with EP infection rates. A two ‐year sampling of questing ticks was carried outfor the first time in Italy in an area known for high EP prevalence in horse sera, detectingthe association between Rhipicephalus bursa and causative agents of EP. Most of the positive pools harbored a single infection (91.1%); mixed infections were also detected (8.9%). The infection rate forT. equi slightly decreased among years;B. caballi showed a lower, but increasing, infection rate. Tick phenology, climate variables, and peaks o...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Federico Romiti, Adele Magliano, Valeria Antognetti, Giuseppe Manna, Antonella Cersini, Maria Teresa Scicluna, Claudio Liberato Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Updated checklist of the mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of Croatia
ABSTRACTImprovement of morphological and molecular identification methods allows the detection of new species of mosquitoes. The mosquito fauna of Croatia currently includes 52 species, belonging to eight genera, includingAnopheles (12 species),Aedes (24 species),Coquillettidia (one species),Culex (seven species),Culiseta (six species),Orthopodomyia (one species), andUranotaenia (one species). This is an updated checklist, which includes five new species found in Croatian mosquito fauna. Two of these are invasive mosquito species,Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1895) andAedes japonicus (Theobald 1901), which are spreading across ...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Enrih Merdi ć, Ana Klobučar, Toni Žitko, Mirta Sudarić Bogojević, Ivana Vrućina, Nataša Turić, Goran Vignjević Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of vertebrate feces on the attraction of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in an Amazonian mangrove
The objective of this study was to characterize theCulicoides community structure found in a mangrove swamp and verify if the use of vertebrate feces as bait interferes with their composition, richness, abundance, or seasonality. CDC light traps with vertebrate (chicken, ox, control, donkey, capuchin monkey and pig) feces baits were used to capture biting midges in a mangrove area of the Island of S ão Luís, MA. A total of 4,087 individuals representing 22 species ofCulicoides were captured, the most abundant beingC. (Oecacta) furens Poey (23.46%),C. (gr. Fluviatilis)leopoldoi Ortiz (21.58%),C. (Hoffmania) ig...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Aline Fernandes Rios, Jesiel Pablo Chagas Costa, Anna Vanniezy Marinho Brito, Thamires Santos Coelho, Maria Concei ção Abreu Bandeira, José Manuel Macário Rebêlo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Impacts of sampling rhythm and exposition on the effectiveness of artificial resting shelters for mosquito collection in northern Germany
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 142-146, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Felix G. Sauer, Linda Jaworski, Renke L ühken, Ellen Kiel Tags: Scientific Note Source Type: research

Geometric morphometrics for the differentiation of females of the Pipiens Assemblage in Argentina
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 150-154, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Maximiliano J. Garz ón, Marta Grech, Arturo Lizuain, Nicolás Schweigmann Tags: Scientific Note Source Type: research

Detection of zoonotic human pathogens from Ixodes scapularis in Wisconsin
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 147-149, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Maxwell T. Stauffer, Jordan Mandli, Bobbi S. Pritt, William Stauffer, Lynne M. Sloan, Tela Zembsch, Xia Lee, Susan M. Paskewitz Tags: Scientific Note Source Type: research

Effects of radiation on blood ‐feeding activity of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 140-141, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Courtney A. Cunningham, Robert L. Aldridge, Jedidiah Kline, Christopher S. Bibbs, Kenneth J. Linthicum, Rui ‐De Xue Tags: Scientific Note Source Type: research

Host distribution and pathogen infection of fleas (Siphonaptera) recovered from small mammals in Pennsylvania
This study provides evidence of emerging pathogens found in fleas, but further investigation is required to resolve the ecology of flea‐borne disease transmission cycles. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Kaila Fedele, Karen C. Poh, Jessica E. Brown, Amanda Jones, Lance A. Durden, Hannah S. Tiffin, Alexandra Pagac, Andrew Y. Li, Erika T. Machtinger Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Managing plague on prairie dog colonies: insecticides as ectoparasiticides
ABSTRACTHuman health practitioners and wildlife biologists use insecticides to manage plague by suppressing fleas (Siphonaptera), but insecticides can also kill other ectoparasites. We investigated effects of deltamethrin and fipronil on ectoparasites from black ‐tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus, BTPDs). In late July, 2018, we treated three sites with 0.05% deltamethrin dust and 5 sites with host ‐fed 0.005% fipronil grain. Three non‐treated sites functioned as experimental baselines. We collected ectoparasites before treatments (June‐July, 2018) and after treatments (August‐October, 2018, June‐July, 2...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: David A. Eads, Alexis C. Yashin, Lauren E. Noble, Michele C. Vasquez, Miranda H.J. Huang, Travis M. Livieri, Phillip Dobesh, Eddie Childers, Dean E. Biggins Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Herbicide treatment alters the effects of water hyacinth on larval mosquito abundance
ABSTRACTInvasive aquatic weeds are managed with herbicides to reduce their negative impacts on waterways in many areas, including the California Delta Region. Herbicides create a dynamic environment of living and decomposing plant matter that could affect larval mosquitoes and other invertebrates, such as their predators and competitors. Our objective was to compare the number of larval mosquitoes in water or water hyacinth, before and after an herbicide treatment. We created replicated pond mesocosms with water hyacinth, water hyacinth treated with glyphosate and an oil adjuvant, open water, and water with glyphosate plus...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Maribel A. Portilla, Sharon P. Lawler Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Horizontal distribution affects the vertical distribution of native and invasive container ‐inhabiting Aedes mosquitoes within an urban landscape
ABSTRACTThe vertical dimension constitutes an important niche axis along which mosquitoes may adjust their distribution. Here, we evaluated whether the vertical distribution of container ‐inhabitingAedes mosquitoes differs along a gradient of anthropogenic land ‐use intensity within an urban landscape. Using a pulley system, we hung oviposition cups at three heights (ground level, 4.5, and 9 m) and in three habitats: forest, park, and a built environment. We hypothesized that mosquito abundance and diversity would be highest in the least disturbed forest habitat, decrease in the park, and be lowest at the UNC‐Greensb...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Marcelo Schwarz, Brian D. Byrd, Bahjat F. Marayati, Peter W. Blum, Michael B. Wells, Anthony D. Greene, Marissa Taylor, Gideon Wasserberg Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Aedes albopictus oviposits with other Aedes species in artificial oviposition cups: a case study in Knox County, Tennessee, U.S.A.
ABSTRACTInterspecific associations between two mosquito species can lead to effects such as competition, species displacement, and species stability. To better understandAedes albopictus (Skuse) and otherAedes species, we monitored eggs in artificial oviposition cups (ovitraps) within Knox County, TN, U.S.A., during the 2016 and 2017 mosquito seasons. In 2016, one black and one white ovitrap were placed at 18 sites for 21 weeks, while in 2017 black and white ovitraps baited with grass ‐infused or deionized water were placed at 11 sites for nine weeks. Eggs were identified to species and resulting counts were used to dete...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: A. Dixson, R.N. Jackson, R.D. Rowe, R. Nease, R.T. Trout Fryxell Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Erratum to “State‐wide survey of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Florida” Journal of Vector Ecology 44 (2): 210–215. 2019.
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 1-1, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Casey Parker, Daviela Ramirez, C. Roxanne Connelly Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Issue Information
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page i-iii, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Elimination of Aedes aegypti in northern Australia, 2004 –2006
This report details the methods and results of the detection and subsequent elimination activities that were carried out between 2004 and 2006, returning the NT to its dengue vector ‐free status. There have been very few successfulAe. aegypti elimination programs in the world. This purposeful mosquito elimination for Australia was officially declared on 5 April 2006. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Peter I. Whelan, Nina Kurucz, William J. Pettit, Vicki Krause Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Mosquito community composition and abundance at contrasting sites in northern South Africa, 2014 –2017
ABSTRACTMost data on species associations and vector potential of mosquitoes in relation to arboviral infections in South Africa date back from the 1940s to late 1990s. Contextual information crucial for disease risk management and control, such as the sampling effort, diversity, abundance, and distribution of mosquitoes in large parts of South Africa still remains limited. Adult mosquitoes were collected routinely from two horse farms in Gauteng Province; two wildlife reserves in Limpopo Province, at Orpen Gate in Kruger National Park (KNP) and Mnisi Area in Mpumalanga Province between 2014 –2017, using carbon dioxi...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Todd Johnson, Leo Braack, Milehna Guarido, Marietjie Venter, Antonio Paulo Gouveia Almeida Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of boric acid as toxic sugar bait against resistant Aedes aegypti mosquitoes
This study evaluated insecticide delivery through toxic sugar baits (TSB) and resulting mortality of susceptible and resistant strains ofAedes aegypti. TwoAe. aegypti strains were evaluated using a 1% boric acid TSB: the susceptible Orlando 1952 (ORL) strain and the resistant Puerto Rican (PR) strain. The TSB resulted in high mortality for both ORL and PR strain ofAe. aegypti. Average mortality of female mosquitoes given TSB was 90.8% for PR and 99.3% for ORL. Our study suggests that targeting resistant mosquitoes with ingestible insecticides through TSBs could be a viable alternative to current mosquito control strategies...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Mandi A. Pearson, Kai Blore, Caroline Efstathion, Vindhya S. Aryaprema, Gunter C. Muller, Rui ‐De Xue, Whitney A. Qualls Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of forest degradation on the sand fly communities of northeast Brazil
In conclusion, a change in vegetation cover negatively affects the richness and abundance of sand fl ies in the natural environment. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Jorge Luiz Pinto Moraes, Heliana Trindade Marinho Santana, Maria Concei ção Abreu Bandeira, José Manuel Macário Rebêlo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Triatoma brasiliensis species complex: characterization of the external female genitalia
ABSTRACTTheTriatoma brasiliensis complex is composed of six species (Triatoma bahiensis, T. juazerensis, T. lenti, T. melanica, T. petrocchiae, andT. sherlocki) and two subspecies (T. brasiliensis brasiliensis andT. b. macromelasoma). Phylogenetic studies have shown that it is a monophyletic group, but the morphological relationships among the members can be better understood. We applied a tool of high resolution based on morphology to identify details that characterize the female genitals for each member of this group. The external genital structures of five to fifteen females of each taxon were analyzed. Insects had thei...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Jader Oliveira, Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi, Carlos Eduardo Almeida, Vagner Jos é Mendonça, Jane Costa, João Aristeu Rosa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Influence of light and kairomone baiting systems on trap collections of biting midges in southern Sweden
The objective of this study was to determine how the baiting system used in traps (UV, incandescent light, incandescent light with CO2, and incandescent light with CO2 and 1 ‐octen‐3‐ol) influences estimates of midge population abundance, parity, and diel activity. This was achieved through a standardized trapping protocol conducted in three habitats in Sweden. UV light traps caught the mostCulicoides species and moreC. obsoletus complex females than incandescent light traps. Traps baited with CO2 plus 1 ‐octen‐3‐ol caught more femaleC. impunctatus than incandescent light traps. No consistent effect of bait typ...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Daniel Bray, Elin Isberg, Ylva Hillbur, Rickard Ignell Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Investigation of Ixodid ticks as vectors of Babesia caballi and Theileria equi (Protozoa: Apicomplexa) in central Italy
In this study, we identified a potential competent vector, investigating main features of its ecology together with EP infection rates. A two ‐year sampling of questing ticks was carried outfor the first time in Italy in an area known for high EP prevalence in horse sera, detectingthe association between Rhipicephalus bursa and causative agents of EP. Most of the positive pools harbored a single infection (91.1%); mixed infections were also detected (8.9%). The infection rate forT. equi slightly decreased among years;B. caballi showed a lower, but increasing, infection rate. Tick phenology, climate variables, and peaks o...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Federico Romiti, Adele Magliano, Valeria Antognetti, Giuseppe Manna, Antonella Cersini, Maria Teresa Scicluna, Claudio Liberato Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Geometric morphometrics for the differentiation of females of the Pipiens Assemblage in Argentina
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 150-154, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Maximiliano J. Garz ón, Marta Grech, Arturo Lizuain, Nicolás Schweigmann Tags: Scientific Note Source Type: research

Detection of zoonotic human pathogens from Ixodes scapularis in Wisconsin
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 147-149, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Maxwell T. Stauffer, Jordan Mandli, Bobbi S. Pritt, William Stauffer, Lynne M. Sloan, Tela Zembsch, Xia Lee, Susan M. Paskewitz Tags: Scientific Note Source Type: research

Impacts of sampling rhythm and exposition on the effectiveness of artificial resting shelters for mosquito collection in northern Germany
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 142-146, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Felix G. Sauer, Linda Jaworski, Renke L ühken, Ellen Kiel Tags: Scientific Note Source Type: research

Effects of radiation on blood ‐feeding activity of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 45, Issue 1, Page 140-141, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Courtney A. Cunningham, Robert L. Aldridge, Jedidiah Kline, Christopher S. Bibbs, Kenneth J. Linthicum, Rui ‐De Xue Tags: Scientific Note Source Type: research

Updated checklist of the mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of Croatia
ABSTRACTImprovement of morphological and molecular identification methods allows the detection of new species of mosquitoes. The mosquito fauna of Croatia currently includes 52 species, belonging to eight genera, includingAnopheles (12 species),Aedes (24 species),Coquillettidia (one species),Culex (seven species),Culiseta (six species),Orthopodomyia (one species), andUranotaenia (one species). This is an updated checklist, which includes five new species found in Croatian mosquito fauna. Two of these are invasive mosquito species,Aedes albopictus (Skuse, 1895) andAedes japonicus (Theobald 1901), which are spreading across ...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Enrih Merdi ć, Ana Klobučar, Toni Žitko, Mirta Sudarić Bogojević, Ivana Vrućina, Nataša Turić, Goran Vignjević Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of vertebrate feces on the attraction of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in an Amazonian mangrove
The objective of this study was to characterize theCulicoides community structure found in a mangrove swamp and verify if the use of vertebrate feces as bait interferes with their composition, richness, abundance, or seasonality. CDC light traps with vertebrate (chicken, ox, control, donkey, capuchin monkey and pig) feces baits were used to capture biting midges in a mangrove area of the Island of S ão Luís, MA. A total of 4,087 individuals representing 22 species ofCulicoides were captured, the most abundant beingC. (Oecacta) furens Poey (23.46%),C. (gr. Fluviatilis)leopoldoi Ortiz (21.58%),C. (Hoffmania) ig...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - June 3, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Aline Fernandes Rios, Jesiel Pablo Chagas Costa, Anna Vanniezy Marinho Brito, Thamires Santos Coelho, Maria Concei ção Abreu Bandeira, José Manuel Macário Rebêlo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Impact of deforestation on the abundance, diversity, and richness of Culex mosquitoes in a southwest Cameroon tropical rainforest
ABSTRACTDeforestation is a major threat to biodiversity but little data exist on how deforestation in real ‐time affects the overall mosquito species community despite its known role in the transmission of diseases. We compared the abundance and diversity ofCulex mosquitoes before and after deforestation along a gradient of three different anthropogenic disturbance levels in a tropical rainforest in southwestern Cameroon. The collections were conducted in unlogged forest (January, 2016), selectively logged forest (January, 2017), and within a young palm plantation (October, 2017) using net traps, sweep nets, resting trap...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - November 15, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Marie Paul Audrey Mayi, David Forfuet Foncha, Cyril Kowo, Timoleon Tchuinkam, Katherine Brisco, Damian Nota Anong, Sehgal Ravinder, Anthony John Cornel Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The effects of temperature and shading on mortality and development rates of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)
ABSTRACTUrbanization has caused an increase in favorable habitats forAedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae), given their ability to reproduce in small and often non ‐degradable artificial water‐containers. While much work has been done onAe. aegypti biology and ecology in urban landscapes, the role of shading on immature stages as an independent factor from temperature, and any possible interactions between these factors, remains unexamined. We assessed how temperature and shading affected egg hatch ‐rate, larval/pupal mortality, and larval development to adult stage under different factorial temperature (28; 31; 34; 37;...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - November 15, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Febrianne Sukiato, Ryan J. Wasserman, Su Chern Foo, Robyn F. Wilson, Ross N. Cuthbert Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Efficacy and repellency of some essential oils and their blends against larval and adult house flies, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae)
ABSTRACTHouse flies are global pests and notoriously difficult to control. Essential oils of vetiver, cinnamon, and lavender and their blends were tested for toxic and repellent effects against larval and adult flies. All of the oils had moderate toxicity for eggs. Mortality of 2nd instar larvae was 57 –78% in dipping assays, 38–100% in contact assays, and 94–100% in treated media. Lavender was less effective (38% mortality) than the others (91–100%) in contact bioassays. Oil blends were not more effective against larvae than individual oils. Vetiver and cinnamon oils were strongly repelle nt (84 an...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - November 15, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Hanem F. Khater, Christopher J. Geden Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Expansion of Aedes africanus (Diptera: Culicidae), a sylvatic vector of arboviruses, into an urban environment of Abidjan, C ôte d'Ivoire
This study aims to assess the dispersion of sylvatic vectors of arboviruses from the NPB forest to the surrounding areas (Andokoi and Sagbé). The sampling was done in the rainy season using the WHO layer‐traps technique. Among the six species ofAedes sampled,Aedes aegypti andAedes africanus were the potential vectors of arboviruses. Both species were collected in Sagb é but onlyAe. aegypti in Andokoi. OnlyAe. aegypti were present 400 and 800 m from NPB forest, but at 200 m, it showed respective proportions of 75.5% and 87.5% in Sagb é and Andokoi. In the NPB forest, however,Ae. africanus has been the...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - November 15, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: N. Guindo ‐Coulibaly, A.M. Adja, J.T. Coulibaly, M.D.S. Kpan, K.A. Adou, D.D. Zoh Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Predation on the invasive mosquito Aedes japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) by native copepod species in Germany
ABSTRACTSome limnic copepod species are predators of mosquito larvae. Seven species belonging to the order Cyclopoida, family Cyclopidae, were collected in the field in Germany and tested for the first time in laboratory bioassays for their potential to serve as biological control agents of the invasive Asian bush mosquitoAedes japonicus (Theobald), a vector of various pathogens causing disease. Females ofDiacyclops bicuspidatus (Claus) did not attack 1st instar larvae ofAe. japonicus, butMacrocyclops distinctus (Richard),Cyclops divergens Lindberg, andC. heberti Einsle predated a mean of 14, 18, or 19 1st instar larvae, r...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - November 15, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Linus Fr üh, Helge Kampen, Günter A. Schaub, Doreen Werner Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Parity and gonotrophic discordance of females of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in the city of S ão Paulo, SP, Brazil
The objective of this study was to assess the parity, presence of blood in the stomach, and the gonotrophic discordance of females ofAedes aegypti andAedes albopictus captured in two areas of the city of S ão Paulo. The captures were undertaken monthly, by aspiration, in the period from January, 2015 to August, 2017. All the females of the two species had their midguts and ovaries dissected to determine the presence of blood and the parity/stage of maturation. With regard to parity, 27% and 34% of th e females ofAe. aegypti andAe. albopictus, respectively, were parous or were in advanced stages of the development of...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - November 15, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: P âmela dos Santos Andrade, Paulo Roberto Urbinatti, Ronan da Rocha Coelho, Rosa Maria Marques de Sá Almeida, Sabrina Santana Ribeiro, Tamara Nunes de Lima‐Camara Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Relationships between predatory aquatic insects and mosquito larvae in residential areas in northern Thailand
ABSTRACTIn order to elucidate the poorly understood relationships between mosquito larvae and their predatory aquatic insects in urban and suburban areas of tropical Southeast Asia, where vector ‐borne diseases are prevalent, aquatic insects were sampled from 14 aquatic habitats in residential areas of Chiang Mai, northern Thailand, during the rainy season (July to November) in 2016. Correlations among biological variables, densities of major predatory aquatic insect groups (i.e., Odonata , Coleoptera, and Hemiptera: OCH group) in wetlands and artificial lentic habitats, and the density of mosquito larvae were analyzed. ...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - November 15, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Nattawut Sareein, Chitchol Phalaraksh, Panida Rahong, Chotiwut Techakijvej, Sangwoo Seok, Yeon Jae Bae Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A new approach to improve acoustic trapping effectiveness for Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)
ABSTRACTMonitoring mosquito populations is essential to designing and implementing control strategies. Recent strategies based on releasing biologically modified mosquitoes have increased the need to effectively monitor mosquito abundance. Unfortunately, existing surveillance traps are of limited value due to their high cost and low capture rates. Here, we report the results of experiments designed to evaluate the effectiveness of an acoustic trap prototype. Stimuli synthesized from recordings ofAe. aegypti wingbeat signals and pure tones were evaluated as attractants to males in indoor and semi ‐field conditions. Overal...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - November 15, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Hoover Pantoja ‐Sánchez, Jesus F. Vargas, Freddy Ruiz‐López, Guillermo Rúa‐Uribe, Viviana Vélez, Daniel L. Kline, Ximena E. Bernal Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

State ‐wide survey of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Florida
ABSTRACTAedes aegyptiandAedes albopictusare invasive mosquito species with geographic ranges that have oscillated within Florida since their presence was first documented. Local transmission of dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses serves as evidence of the public health importance of these two species. It is important to have detailed knowledge of their distribution to aid in mosquito control efforts and understand the risk of arbovirus transmission to humans. Through a partnership involving the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Cooperative Extension Service and the Florida Medical Entomolo...
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - November 15, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Casey Parker, Daviela Ramirez, C. Roxanne Connelly Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

First report of two kdr mutations L1014F/S in natural populations of Triatoma pallidipennis Stal and Triatoma picturata Usinger vectors of Chagas disease in Mexico
Journal of Vector Ecology, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page 285-289, December 2019. (Source: Journal of Vector Ecology)
Source: Journal of Vector Ecology - November 15, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Jesus Davila ‐Barboza, O. Karina Villanueva‐Segura, Gustavo Ponce‐Garcia, Beatriz Lopez‐Monroy, Iram P. Rodiguez‐Sanchez, Adriana E. Flores Tags: Scientific Note Source Type: research