Residence in unsafe neighborhoods is associated with active transportation among poor women: Geographic Research on Wellbeing (GROW) Study
This study investigated associations of neighborhood context with active transportation among women with children after controlling for sociodemographic variables. We used data from the Geographic Research on Wellbeing study (GROW). In 2012–2013, GROW surveyed mothers who participated in California's Maternal and Infant Health Assessment. The dependent variable was active vs. inactive transportation. Mothers were coded as doing active transportation if they responded that they “walked,” “walked and took public transportation,” or ‘rode a bike,” to most places they went in the previ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Examining influences on active travel by sex among college students
ConclusionsFindings from the present study suggest that among college students AT was higher among men than women. Targeting women over men for PA and AT interventions in a university setting may be warranted. Identifying populations at risk for physical inactivity may be useful in developing and implementing tailored multi-factor interventions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Do differences in built environments explain age differences in transport walking across neighbourhoods?
ConclusionNeighbourhood-level factors semeed to influenced the WfT of younger and older adults differently, with older adults being more sensitive to their neighbourhood environment. In Brisbane, age differences in WfT were smaller in areas with higher residential density and street connectivity. These results favor the ongoing investigation of demographic heterogeneity around neighbourhood averages in other urban contexts to inform tailored ecological interventions that facilitate WfT for all age groups everywhere, supporting active aging communities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Inequalities in self-report road injury risk in Britain: A new analysis of National Travel Survey data, focusing on pedestrian injuries
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Rachel AldredAbstractIn 2007, Britain's (since 2013 England's) National Travel Survey started asking respondents about experiences of ‘road accidents’. This paper conducts new injury analysis using NTS data from 2007-15. The resultant dataset contains 147,185 adult individuals (weighted), of whom 17,990 reported experiencing one or more ‘road accidents’ in the three years prior to the survey date. This dataset includes incidents involving other road users and those that did not, less likely in general to be incl...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Psychological Wellbeing Benefits of Simulated Exposure to Five Urban Settings: an Experimental Study From the Pedestrian's Perspective
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Anna Bornioli, Graham Parkhurst, Phillip L. MorganAbstractThe potential health benefits of walking in attractive, predominantly built-up urban settings have not received much attention from scholars, despite the global need to increase walking levels in cities. The current experimental study assessed the affective outcomes associated with several urban walking settings, with a focus on the presence of motor-traffic and architectural styles from different historic periods. We employed a mixed within-between subjects design (n = 269) wit...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Built environment associates of active school travel in New Zealand children and youth: A systematic meta-analysis using individual participant data
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Erika Ikeda, Tom Stewart, Nicholas Garrett, Victoria Egli, Sandra Mandic, Jamie Hosking, Karen Witten, Greer Hawley, El Shadan Tautolo, Judy Rodda, Antoni Moore, Melody SmithAbstractThis systematic review and meta-analysis examined the associations between active travel to school and the neighbourhood built environment in children and youth by systematically identifying and collating data from New Zealand studies. Data from five studies involving 2844 children and youth aged 6–19 years were included in the meta-analysis. Data on ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cross-sector collaboration on Safe Routes to School policy advocacy and implementation: A mixed methods evaluation from Minnesota
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Jennifer E. Pelletier, Melissa N. Laska, Marilyn S. Nanney, Rebekah PrattAbstractCross-sector collaboration has been a crucial element of planning and implementing large-scale obesity prevention-related policies and programs in the United States, including Safe Routes to School (SRTS), which promotes walking and bicycling through physical infrastructure changes and programmatic efforts. Minnesota provides a unique opportunity to evaluate a collaborative partnership that successfully implemented and institutionalized one of the first st...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2261 - Estimating the Health Benefits of a Proposed Regional Transportation Plan
ConclusionsThe projected health impacts of the RTP are substantial, yet conservative since they consider only mortality and diabetes incidence. The results provided an additional health-based argument for government investment, as well as signalled public health's interest in building healthier communities. In addition to initial media coverage, the report has been repeatedly cited at local, provincial and national levels. While impossible to directly attribute causality, subsequent government policies have included strengthening the accountability for integrated land use and transportation planning, as well as substantial...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Potential health and economic benefits of banning diesel traffic in Dublin, Ireland
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Shreya Dey, Brian Caulfield, Bidisha GhoshAbstractAir pollution has been linked to 491,000 deaths in Europe annually and diesel vehicles are one of the major sources of two deadly air pollutants, PM2.5 (Particulate Matter) and NOx (Oxides of Nitrogen). Ireland has the highest number of newly registered diesel vehicles in Europe with a share of 43.57% in the overall fleet which is expected to increase to 73.9% by 2025. This will have significant health and financial impacts, especially in the urban areas. The present study quan...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Pedestrian hybrid beacon signals: Identifying characteristics associated with negative consequences to reduce danger at mid-block locations
Publication date: Available online 7 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Srinivas S. Pulugurtha, Venu Madhav Kukkapalli, Ajinkya S. ManeAbstractThe focus of this paper is on an evaluation of negative consequences due to the installation of pedestrian hybrid beacon (PHB) signals and to identify associated characteristics to proactively plan and reduce danger at mid-block locations. Data for thirteen mid-block locations with a PHB signal in the city of Charlotte, North Carolina was gathered to conduct before-after analysis using Empirical Bayes (EB) method. Data for fifty-nine mid-block locations wit...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Perception of road hazards in a Tanzanian Secondary School before and after a traffic psychology intervention
Publication date: Available online 7 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Paolo Perego, Federica Biassoni, Mark J. King, Maria Rita CiceriAbstractIn Tanzania in 2014, 3760 people were killed on the roads, and 14,530 were injured (Tanzanian Traffic Police, 2015). One barrier to addressing this problem is the fatalistic belief, common in Africa, that a road crash happens ‘because it has to happen’. However, another possible reason is a lack of knowledge about sources of risk when using the road. The purpose of this research was to test a traffic psychology training program designed to impr...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Latent profile analysis of young adolescents’ physical activity across locations on schooldays
ConclusionsAlthough most participants did not meet the MVPA guideline, the six Active profiles showed the places in which many adolescents were able to achieve the 60-min/day guideline. The home and school neighborhood (partly through walking to school), other locations, and to a lesser extent the home, appeared to be key sources for physical activity that distinguished active from insufficiently active adolescents. Finding the right match between the individual and physical activity source/location may be a promising strategy for increasing active travel and MVPA in adolescents. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Traffic-related air pollution and solid organ transplant failure in Great Britain: A retrospective cohort study
ConclusionsOur analysis does not confirm previously reported associations between traffic-related air pollution exposure and the risk of transplant failure. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Leisure-time physical activity, objective urban neighborhood built environment, and overweight and obesity of Chinese school-age children
This study aims to investigate the associations between objective urban neighborhood built environment, leisure-time physical activity, and overweight and obesity of Chinese school-age children between 6 and 13 years old. This study conducted surveys at thirty-two public elementary schools, evenly chosen from four strata of residential building density and located in 16 urban districts of Shanghai, China. A total of 719 completed surveys were collected between May 2015 and April 2016. There were 447 records geocoded to their home address. Objective neighborhood built environmental attributes were measured in 200-m and 400-...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The healthy immigrant effect and active commuting
This study examines two hypotheses: foreign-born individuals have increased odds of active commuting compared to Canadian-born individuals – a ‘healthy immigrant effect’; and among the foreign-born, there is an inverse association between time since immigration and time spent active commuting – loss of this effect over time. Data was compiled from more than 59,000 individuals from the 2013–2014 cycle of the Canadian Community Health Survey and probability weighted to account for the survey sampling method. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to examine relationships. Four active c...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Human health risk assessment of major air pollutants at transport corridors of Delhi, India
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Amrit Kumar, Rajeev Kumar MishraAbstractThe present study undertake an assessment of human health risk regarding mortality and morbidity induced by multiple air pollutants prevailing at 36 transport corridors of the National Capital Territory (NCT) of Delhi, India. The study, covering PM10, PM2.5, SO2 and NO2, utilized the Risk of Mortality/Morbidity due to Air Pollution (Ri-MAP) model in a bid to assess the direct health impacts in the year 2016. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines were used to calculate mortality...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The relationship of car driving and bicycle riding on physical activity and social participation in Japanese rural areas
This study focused on car driving and bicycle riding and aimed to examine the association of these transportation methods with physical activity and social participation in Japanese older adults. This cross-sectional study included 374 Japanese older adults living in a rural area. Physical activity was evaluated using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly. The data on transportation mode and 4 types of social participation were obtained from a self-reported questionnaire. An analysis of covariance and a multivariate Poisson regression analysis were conducted to evaluate associations. The sample comprised 304 particip...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A pedestrian experience framework to help identify impediments to walking by mobility-challenged pedestrians
Publication date: Available online 23 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Dong Yeong Jeong, Jiyoung Kwahk, Sung H. Han, Joohwan Park, Mingyu Lee, Hyeji JangAbstractThis paper presents a strategic framework that can help researchers collect and analyze experiences of mobility-challenged pedestrians (MCPs) effectively and comprehensively. The framework is necessary since previous studies have focused only on pragmatic quality of an environment for MCPs. Focusing on pragmatic quality may be insufficient to improve experience in walking environment of MCPs. The framework that covers both pragmatic and ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Parental perceived barriers to active commuting to school in Ecuadorian youth
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Francisco Javier Huertas-Delgado, Palma Chillón, Yaira Barranco-Ruiz, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Emilio Villa-González (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Is the ‘happy wanderer’ really happy? Transport and life satisfaction among older teenagers in rural New Zealand
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Aimee L. Ward, Claire Cameron, Rob McGee, Claire Freeman, Philip J. Gendall (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Exploring the association between urban sprawl and mental health
ConclusionsUrban sprawl levels have not been shown to be a significant risk factor for mental health problems, since the population living in more sprawling areas presents a lower score on psychological distress. According to our research, urban sprawl is linked to job status and, as fact, differences in risk of poor mental health at different sprawl levels could be a consequence of job status. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Can walking habits be encouraged through area-based regeneration and relocation? A longitudinal study of deprived communities in Glasgow, UK
Publication date: Available online 30 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Angela Curl, Ade Kearns, Laura Macdonald, Phil Mason, Anne EllawayAbstractThis paper examines changes to the walkability of the built environment and associated changes in walking behaviour following area regeneration or relocation in Glasgow, UK. The aim is to contribute to longitudinal evidence of links between the built environment and walking behaviour. Most studies to date have been cross-sectional and the evidence they provide that changing the built environment will lead to changes in walking behaviour is weak. Our stu...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Physical activity, but not active commuting to school, is associated with cardiorespiratory fitness levels in young people
In conclusion, our results show the relevance of the intensity of daily PA in understanding the associations between CRF and active commuting in adolescents. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Next to suffer: Population exposure risk to hazardous material transportation in Ghana
This study estimates population exposure risks associated with the transportation of hazardous materials using the Accra – Kumasi Highway (N6) in Ghana as a case corridor. Using the mixed methods approach which resulted in collecting both qualitative and quantitative data from transport operators and relevant agencies, the paper estimates that accident probabilities were observed to be high on relatively longer sections of the road (those over 50 km) as there are few speed control measures to check over speeding. It was also found that the risk of a single shipment of a hazardous material was 0.09144 inhabitants pe...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of fatality and associated factors of road traffic accidents among victims reported to Burayu town police stations, between 2010 and 2015, Ethiopia
ConclusionsFatalities of traffic accidents were steadily increased in the studies of five fiscal years. Ensuring fire sting usher for all vehicles as well one car fire fighter as the town, giving priority for other vehicle as recommended by law, ensuring drivers using seatbelt and availing first aid service immediately after the accident occurred appear to be the most critical parts of necessary interventions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of an incentive program to stimulate the shift from car commuting to e-cycling in the Netherlands
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Joost de Kruijf, Dick Ettema, Carlijn B.M. Kamphuis, Martin DijstAbstractThis paper reports on the effects of an e-cycling incentive program in the province of North-Brabant, The Netherlands, in which commuters could earn monetary incentives when using their e-bike. The study used a longitudinal design allowing to observe behaviour change and mode shifts. The program appeared to be highly effective in stimulating e-bike use, as one month after the start of the program, the share of commute trips made by e-bike increased from 0...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Are head injuries to cyclists an important cause of death in road travel fatalities?
ConclusionAnswering the question ‘How important are head injuries in cyclists as a cause of road travel death?’ depends on the metric used for assessing importance. Pedestrians and drivers account for five and four times the number of fatal head injuries as cyclists. The fatal head injury rate is highest for cyclists by time travelled and for pedestrians using distance travelled. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Reducing pedestrians' inhalation of traffic-related air pollution through route choices: Case study in California suburb
Publication date: Available online 5 July 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Ji Luo, Kanok Boriboonsomsin, Matthew BarthAbstractPedestrians often face risks of inhaling a high amount of traffic-related air pollution due to their proximity to the emission sources and increased breathing rates during walking. This paper presents an innovative way for pedestrians to mitigate such risks. Specifically, a method for incorporating the estimated inhaled mass of fine particles (PM2.5) into walking route calculations was developed, and the calculated low air pollution inhalation route was compared against the tr...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Are head injuries to cyclists an important cause of death in road travel fatalities?
Conclusion Answering the question ‘How important are head injuries in cyclists as a cause of road travel death?’ depends on the metric used for assessing importance. Pedestrians and drivers account for five and four times the number of fatal head injuries as cyclists. The fatal head injury rate is highest for cyclists by time travelled and for pedestrians using distance travelled. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 4, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Physical activity, but not active commuting to school, is associated with cardiorespiratory fitness levels in young people
In conclusion, our results show the relevance of the intensity of daily PA in understanding the associations between CRF and active commuting in adolescents. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Next to suffer: Population exposure risk to hazardous material transportation in Ghana
This study estimates population exposure risks associated with the transportation of hazardous materials using the Accra – Kumasi Highway (N6) in Ghana as a case corridor. Using the mixed methods approach which resulted in collecting both qualitative and quantitative data from transport operators and relevant agencies, the paper estimates that accident probabilities were observed to be high on relatively longer sections of the road (those over 50 km) as there are few speed control measures to check over speeding. It was also found that the risk of a single shipment of a hazardous material was 0.09144 inhabitants pe...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evaluation of an incentive program to stimulate the shift from car commuting to e-cycling in the Netherlands
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2018 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Joost de Kruijf, Dick Ettema, Carlijn B.M. Kamphuis, Martin Dijst This paper reports on the effects of an e-cycling incentive program in the province of North-Brabant, The Netherlands, in which commuters could earn monetary incentives when using their e-bike. The study used a longitudinal design allowing to observe behaviour change and mode shifts. The program appeared to be highly effective in stimulating e-bike use, as one month after the start of the program, the share of commute trips made by e-bike increased from 0%...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of fatality and associated factors of road traffic accidents among victims reported to Burayu town police stations, between 2010 and 2015, Ethiopia
Conclusions Fatalities of traffic accidents were steadily increased in the studies of five fiscal years. Ensuring fire sting usher for all vehicles as well one car fire fighter as the town, giving priority for other vehicle as recommended by law, ensuring drivers using seatbelt and availing first aid service immediately after the accident occurred appear to be the most critical parts of necessary interventions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Exploring the association between urban sprawl and mental health
Conclusions Urban sprawl levels have not been shown to be a significant risk factor for mental health problems, since the population living in more sprawling areas presents a lower score on psychological distress. According to our research, urban sprawl is linked to job status and, as fact, differences in risk of poor mental health at different sprawl levels could be a consequence of job status. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 30, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Can walking habits be encouraged through area-based regeneration and relocation? A longitudinal study of deprived communities in Glasgow, UK
Publication date: Available online 30 June 2018 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Angela Curl, Ade Kearns, Laura Macdonald, Phil Mason, Anne Ellaway This paper examines changes to the walkability of the built environment and associated changes in walking behaviour following area regeneration or relocation in Glasgow, UK. The aim is to contribute to longitudinal evidence of links between the built environment and walking behaviour. Most studies to date have been cross-sectional and the evidence they provide that changing the built environment will lead to changes in walking behaviour is weak. Our stud...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 30, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Is the ‘happy wanderer’ really happy? Transport and life satisfaction among older teenagers in rural New Zealand
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2018 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Aimee L. Ward, Claire Cameron, Rob McGee, Claire Freeman, Philip J. Gendall (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 29, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Parental perceived barriers to active commuting to school in Ecuadorian youth
Publication date: Available online 27 June 2018 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Francisco Javier Huertas-Delgado, Palma Chillón, Yaira Barranco-Ruiz, Manuel Herrador-Colmenero, Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Emilio Villa-González (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 27, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2345 Developing Conflict Analysis as a Surrogate Safety Measure Using an Expert Survey
Conclusions Coupled with crash data, understanding the conflict patterns and their possible causes can help transportation agencies make strategic decisions about active transportation investments. Moreover, conflict measures can act as a sketch planning level performance measure to understand potential safety issues related to transportation facilities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2344 Two Way Street – Public Health and Transportation Working Together on Active Transportation
The objective of this review was to better define various challenges and opportunities to strengthen public health and transportation collaboration, with a detailed focus on the perspectives of transportation professionals on perceived barriers to improving infrastructure towards better promoting active transportation. The review involved a scan of documents, stakeholder mapping, and in-depth semi-structured interviews with transportation professionals. The resulting themes identified key areas in which public health and transportation could support each other. Chief among these was defining public health's support - role ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2343 How Risky Are ADHD Teen Drivers? Analysis of ADHD Teen Drivers Using Naturalistic Driving Data
Conclusions These results provide corroborating information regarding higher crash rates for ADHD teens as well as further insight into the types of behaviors that ADHD teens are performing that contribute to this heightened crash risk. Identification of the specific driving behaviors that increase crash risks in novice teens, particularly teens with ADHD, will allow for the development of effective countermeasures to reduce and prevent injury in this vulnerable population. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2339 Model Based Policy Analysis for Infection Spread during Air Transportation
Conclusions A multi-scale pedestrian dynamics–infection dynamics model is presented as an approach for exploring air-travel policies that minimize infectious disease spread. Several transportation policy options that impact the disease spread are presented. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2317 The Health Impact of Rural Transport Deprivation and Social Exclusion in the Older Population: A Systematic Literature Review
Conclusions In conclusion, the prevalence of older people relying on social networks and car-pooling for their essential transport needs appears to indicate a disconnect with public transport providers and healthcare services. There are obvious synergies here presenting opportunities to forge links and overcome barriers faced by older people in accessing transport particularly for leisure. Future research should explore these synergies and the potential for community led, demand responsive transport with multi stakeholder engagement. This review highlights that access to public transport in rural communities is an importan...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2315 An Examination of Children's School Travel and Parents ’ Non-Motorized Travel Decisions: A Focus on Active Travel
Conclusions Concerns regarding health and physical activity levels have prompted a growing interest in understanding the mode choice decisions. The results from this study corroborate the findings from several earlier studies while also indicating new factors not previously identified. The work done in this study can be extended in several directions. One particularly interesting avenue of future research is to model the two decisions in a joint model to identify the causal direction while accounting for unobserved factors. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2313 The Impact of Different Validation Datasets on Air Quality Modeling Performance
Conclusions This paper demonstrated the value of validating modeled air quality data against various datasets to obtain a better understanding of the performance of models. The work suggested that the spatial resolution of the models’ estimates has a significant influence on the validity at the application point. These results have implications for epidemiological and health impact assessments. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2306 Associations of Commuting Time with Health and Well-Being: A Regional Representative Cross-Sectional Study in Hong Kong
Conclusions Commuting time over 60minutes is associated with negative satisfaction with life, and commuting time over 90minutes is associated with higher risk of obesity. These findings suggest health and well-being should both be considered in assessing the costs and benefits of policies on mitigating job-residence imbalance. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2304 Move Utah - Planning for Active, Healthy, and Connected Communities
Publication date: June 2018 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, Supplement Author(s): Kim Clark, Heidi Goedhart, Andrea Olson The Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) has developed the Move Utah program to better work with communities to improve active transportation throughout the state. The Move Utah program is dedicated to providing local governments and municipalities across Utah with technical support and guidance as they pursue their active transportation planning efforts. Our team, along with our partners from the Utah Department of Health (UDOH), the Utah Department of Public Safety, Bike U...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2288 Intercity Transportation's Role in Affecting Distal Area's Urbanization/Green Coverage – a High-Speed Rail's Case in Urban Land Teleconnections
Conclusions The preliminary policy implications include precautious planning for potential increasing land demand from distant areas and the reduction in green coverage and collecting taxes from the distant land demand consumers to cope for these impacts of the tele-connected land demand. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2287 Speed Limit Policy in Michigan: The Effects on Air Pollution and Human Health
Conclusions Operating speeds increased for passenger cars along study corridors, and truck operating speeds increased statewide after freeway speed limits increased. This resulted in fuel economy declining, and consequently, emissions increasing. The increase in PM2.5 emissions is the most concerning emissions increase due to the large cost to human health. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2282 Area Variations in People's Cycling Duration in the Netherlands: The Role of the Natural and the Built Environment
Conclusions Higher address density, more bus stops, and shorter distance from home to nearest train station were positively related to cycling duration. Interactions suggest that relations between environmental characteristics and cycling duration are context-specific (e.g. dependent on circumstances that differ between highly urbanized and less urbanized areas). The findings confirm that the emphasis in Dutch policies on compact, development and good public transport has helped achieve a high level of cycling at both the city and the national level. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2278 Experiencing Aging to Enhance Design Solutions
Publication date: June 2018 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, Supplement Author(s): Deana McDonagh, Andree Woodcock Healthy aging is defined by the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention as the “development and maintenance of optimal physical, mental and social well-being and function in older adults.” Healthy aging is likely to be achieved when physical environments and communities are safe, and support the adoption and maintenance by individuals of attitudes and behaviors known to promote health and well-being, and by the effective use of health services and community programs to pre...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research