2495 - Role of Scheduled and Demand-Response Transit in Connecting People with Activities of Daily Living
ConclusionsTechnology advances combined with basic transportation economics and adherence to civil rights laws, will steer transportation providers into offering cooperatively coordinated accessible mobility network. I’ll close with a list of resources. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2258 - Impact of Different Ramp Metering Strategies on Vehicle Emissions along Freeway Segments
ConclusionsIsolated and integrated ramp metering control strategies could improve mobility and enhance smooth vehicle maneuver in the mainline of a freeway. In the mean time, only when the mobility is significantly improved, such as the one in the integrated ramp metering control strategy, the total emissions are tremendously reduced for the shorter emission duration. Therefore, the integrated ramp metering control strategy is superior to the isolated control strategy, in terms of both mobility and vehicle emissions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Perceptions of walkability and determinants of walking behaviour among urban seniors in Toronto, Canada
This study investigated the relationship between objective and subjective measures of walkability for seniors living in Toronto through a multi-phased, mixed-methods approach. Two neighbourhoods within the city were selected as case study areas. Wychwood represented a high walkability neighbourhood and Edenbridge-Humber Valley represented a neighbourhood lower in walkability. The walkability audit, the Senior Walking Environmental Assessment Tool – Revised (SWEAT-R), served as the objective measure. Subjective measures included the use of focus groups, go-along interviews, and traditional interviews with twenty-eight...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2262 - Do Electric Bicycles Contribute to Active Ageing?
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that e-bikes contribute to active ageing, especially among those known to be at risk for physical inactivity. Future research should examine e-bikes’ effects on total physical activity and health outcomes using objective measures in longitudinal and experimental designs. Furthermore, research about the crash risks related to e-bike use among older adults is warranted. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2282 - Area Variations in People's Cycling Duration in the Netherlands: The Role of the Natural and the Built Environment
ConclusionsHigher address density, more bus stops, and shorter distance from home to nearest train station were positively related to cycling duration. Interactions suggest that relations between environmental characteristics and cycling duration are context-specific (e.g. dependent on circumstances that differ between highly urbanized and less urbanized areas). The findings confirm that the emphasis in Dutch policies on compact, development and good public transport has helped achieve a high level of cycling at both the city and the national level. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2287 - Speed Limit Policy in Michigan: The Effects on Air Pollution and Human Health
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): Steven Stapleton, Meghna Chakraborty, Mehrnaz GhamamiHighest Scoring Abstract: DoctoralBackgroundIn 2017, Michigan raised the speed limit from 70 to 75 mph for passenger vehicles on 614 miles of freeways and raised the truck speed limit from 60 to 65 mph on all freeways statewide. While most of the focus of this policy change has focused on weighing the cost of safety and fuel consumption with the benefit of reduced travel times, little attention has been paid to the impact this policy will have on air pollution and human h...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2306 - Associations of Commuting Time with Health and Well-Being: A Regional Representative Cross-Sectional Study in Hong Kong
ConclusionsCommuting time over 60 minutes is associated with negative satisfaction with life, and commuting time over 90 minutes is associated with higher risk of obesity. These findings suggest health and well-being should both be considered in assessing the costs and benefits of policies on mitigating job-residence imbalance. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2325 - Countermeasures to Prescription and over-the-Counter Drug-Impaired Driving: Pharmacy & Medical and Education & Advertising
ConclusionsIn general, many of the countermeasures related to pharmacy/medical and education/advertising were identified as the direct result of the expert roundtable and interviews. Although there are numerous opportunities in the pharmacy/medical profession and through education/advertising to reduce prescription- and OTC-drug-impaired driving, very few countermeasures have been empirically tested. This presentation will include an interactive activity targeting misconceptions on this topic and highlight key research findings. It is also one component of a session regarding countermeasures to prescription- and OTC-drug-i...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2349 - Effects of Ambient Noise on Sleep in New York City
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): Tricia Teoh, Carolyn OlsonHighest Scoring Abstract: Undergraduate/MastersBackgroundNoise can be harmful to health. One effect of noise is disrupted sleep and poorer daytime cognitive performance. New York City (NYC) adults were surveyed to examine the frequency and sources of ambient noise that cause sleep disturbance, physical (e.g., wearing earplugs) or medical (e.g., using sleep medications) measures taken to reduce noise exposure, and effect on concentration due to poor sleep.MethodsThe data were obtained from a 2017 au...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2378 - Bikes in Schools and Biking to School: Can One Support the Other?
ConclusionBikes in Schools creates a safe, social space for students and families to be active on bikes. In the short-term, Bikes in Schools results in students biking more; however, it does not appear to translate to increases in biking to school in most contexts – although longer-term changes may occur. The combination of safe routes to school, Bikes in Schools, and improving access to bikes at home, is worthy of further investigation as a multi-faceted intervention to increase biking to school. Acknowledgements: Bike On NZ Charitable Trust (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2379 - Optimal Commuting Conditions for Experienced Well-Being
ConclusionsOur study shows that enjoyment of commuting varies as a function of commute type and job characteristics of a commuter. These results offer first steps towards a better understanding of the psychological and socio-economic factors that may underlie the relationship between commuting and well-being. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2391 - Relationship between Safety Culture and Transport Worker Health
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): Patrick Sherry, Kimberly Vachal2ndHighest Scoring Abstract: ResearcherBackgroundRecent examples of the relationship between Safety Culture, transportation worker's health and the public health is found in the derailment of major commuter trains in Seattle and New York, not to mention the catastrophic fire and explosion that let Forty-two people dead, with five more missing and presumed dead from workers failure to properly secure a set of tank cars loaded with highly flammable petroleum that derailed and burned down most of...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2437 - Connecting Cycling to Transit: A Typology of Toronto Region Commuter Rail Passengers
ConclusionsEfforts to increase cycling to rail stations will necessitate encouraging recreational cyclists and the safety-conscious to ride for transportation purposes. Low-stress cycling networks surrounding the stations are critical in supporting these efforts, particularly for female riders. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2448 - Toward Zero Road Death Vision Assessment the Role Auto-Dependency, Public Health, and Active Transportation Modes
ConclusionsOur findings suggest that if additional progress is to be made in reducing traffic fatalities, emphasis needs to move beyond simply focusing on policies such as seat belt laws. This research provides an order of factors influencing road fatalities, this order can help American policy makers to provide a more efficient road map for progress towards zero road death target. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2451 - Case Study: How St. Louis, Missouri Is Mobilizing Hospitals, Public Health Departments and Residents to Promote a More Trauma-Informed Transportation System and Improve the Health of African American Mothers and Babies (Systems and Policy Change Strategy)
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): Teresa Wilke, Steve Parish, Kendra Copanas2ndHighest Scoring Abstract: PractitionerTeresa is a strategic consultant with expertise in grant writing, project management and systems change. She will offer her unique perspective regarding the process of developing the BUILD Health Challenge grant proposal for Generate Health and FLOURISH St. Louis, the coordination and communications framework and infrastructure that was developed to support the project (a complex, multi-sector effort), how the systems-level work is conducted ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2256 - Transport Policy Measures for Climate Change as Drivers for Health in Cities
ConclusionsWe conclude that climate change action in the transport sector represents a great opportunity for policymakers to develop transport roadmaps that jointly achieve climate change objectives and improve public health in cities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2258 - Impact of Different Ramp Metering Strategies on Vehicle Emissions Along Freeway Segments
ConclusionsIsolated and integrated ramp metering control strategies could improve mobility and enhance smooth vehicle maneuver in the mainline of a freeway. In the mean time, only when the mobility is significantly improved, such as the one in the integrated ramp metering control strategy, the total emissions are tremendously reduced for the shorter emission duration. Therefore, the integrated ramp metering control strategy is superior to the isolated control strategy, in terms of both mobility and vehicle emissions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2305 - Relationship between Travel Behavior and Body Mass Index – Analysis on Japanese Nationwide Person Trip Survey in 2015
ConclusionsBased on these results, it was revealed that city type, travel behavior and BMI have a significant relationship in Japan. As an analysis with the urban environment, we also analyzes including the average inclination (ratio of sloping land) of the area etc., and the accessibility index of Japan. Those results will also be presented at the conference. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2308 - The Urinary 1-Hydroxypyrene Biomarker in Street Janitors Exposed to Air Quality Changes Associated with Religious Events in Madinah, Saudi Arabia
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): Khalid Kordi, Richard McNally, Anil NamdeoBackgroundMadinah is the second most important Muslim holy city in Saudi Arabia. Exceptionally during holy months, traffic congestion and consequent air emission of several pollutant compounds mainly carcinogenic Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) is expected to reach high levels at certain places. Inhalation of air BaP emissions is the main route of entry into the human body. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess a biomarker of exposure to air BaP which is urinary 1-hydroxypyrene...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2371 - ALL Aboard - Universal Access for Small Ferries and Tour Boats
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): David LembergBackgroundThe US Census American Community Survey defines Ambulatory Disabled as those people over the age of five who have serious difficulties walking or climbing stairs. The 2010 census estimates there are approximately 30.6 million Americans with Ambulatory Disabilities. The Center for Disease Control estimates 2.2 million wheelchair users in the US, leaving 28.4 million Americans who are Ambulatory Disabled, but don’t use a wheelchair.I recently became a member of this group after a stroke impaired m...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2375 - Evaluating Bicycle and Pedestrian Infrastructure in Environmental Justice Communities
ConclusionsThe developed indices provide an analytical framework to assess the safety and physical activity environment of transportation infrastructure. These indices allow transportation agencies to evaluate two or more corridors, regions and networks and may help inform the investment decision making process, strategic planning, policy or programming analysis and resource planning. While EJ populations may have access to slightly better facilities than non-EJ populations in Arlington, Texas, none of the facilities should be deemed adequate for bicyclists and pedestrians. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2383 - A Framework for Incorporating the Network-Wide Fundamental Diagram into Large-Scale Emission Estimation
ConclusionsThe proposed framework in this study successfully showed that for a large-scale network, the vehicular emission can be estimated using NFD with enough accuracy. Also, a 3D diagram which incorporates the traffic flow state into the network-wide emission is characterized. The results of this study enable system planners to monitor emissions generation and find optimal policies to control the level of emissions in large cities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2389 - Peripheral Vision and the Street Environment
ConclusionsPeripheral vision does provide a perceptual background against which the more detailed imaging of the foveal vision is presented; b) there was a consistency in some of the participants interpretation of the images and this was corresponded to their description of comfort; c) there was a correlation between the colour and pattern of the image with participant comfort and d) there is a link between the past memory of individual participant with their sense of comfort and translating the images by the peripheral vision. This research project suggested that peripheral vision has a direct influence of our perception ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2400 - How Citizens of Bucaramanga, a City with Non-Existent Bicycle Infrastructure in Colombia, Are Boosting Biking
ConclusionsWith simple pedagogical exercises such as the Commuter Challenge, a clear message can be sent to citizens and authorities about the importance and necessity of consolidating a cycle-inclusive policy. The Centro Bicicultural will continue to serve as an attractive venue for bicyclists hosting cultural, recreational and didactic activities and services such as workshops, forums, and advice in urban cycling. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2438 - Training for the Occupational Health of the Workers of the Transport of Passengers in Argentina
ConclusionsThat is why it actively promotes better practices and healthy environments to identify inappropriate processes, implement policies to eliminate or reduce risks and strengthen the culture in health and safety. These actions not only entail a benefit for workers who will improve their working conditions and environment, but also allow the reduction of road accidents, which are one of the biggest causes of death in our country. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2440 - Analyzing Border to Border (B2B): Nationwide Campaign to Increase Seat Belt Use and Enforcement along State Borders
This report will look at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Border to Border initiative aimed at addressing seat belt non-use. Border to Border (B2B) is a one-day seat belt-awareness effort coordinated by participating State highway safety offices and their respective law enforcement liaisons. The goal is to reduce seat belt fatalities in their regions by implementing the "Click It or Ticket" (CIOT) campaign brand. The B2B program aims to increase law enforcement participation by coordinating highly visible seat belt enforcement and providing seat belt fact sheets for drivers at heavily tr...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2447 - Can Promoting Use of Public Transportation Improve People’s Health? - Relationship Analysis Among Health, Lifestyle and Transportation Habit Considering Gender Difference
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): Yusuke Kanda, Daisuke Akagi, Ayako TaniguchiIt is often said that lifestyle is quite important for better health. Especially, improvement of physical activity level brings better effects on individual’s health condition. Non-car transportation use such as walk, bicycle, and public transportation provides more opportunity to exercise. It means that promoting of non-car use may improve people’s health. However, in the context of limited availability of statistical data for analysis, its possibility has not been di...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2475 - A Multidimensional Understanding of Older Adult Mobility Needs: A Survey to Improve Mobility, Health, and Social Inclusion among Older Adults in California
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9, SupplementAuthor(s): Kara MacLeod, Tracy McMillan, David RaglandBackgroundBy 2030 the older adult population in California is expected to nearly double to over 8.6 million people (from 2012). This population will experience a number of specialized needs that includes health care, housing, and transportation due to reduced physical and cognitive function. In particular, older adults will reduce and eventually stop driving for medical and non-medical reasons. This reduced mobility, as a result of driving reduction, can impact mental health and ac...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

What articles are in scope for the Journal of Transport and Health?
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Jennifer S. Mindell (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Going peripatetic
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Seraphim Alvanides (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Is Vision Zero important for promoting health?
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Nicola Christie (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The virtual special section of active transport papers from the 2017 active living research conference
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Rodney Lyn, James F. Sallis (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Active travel despite motorcar access. A city-wide, GIS-based multilevel study on neighborhood walkability and active travel in Germany
ConclusionsThe positive association between neighborhood walkability and active travel shown in other urban contexts was confirmed in a historically evolved city in Germany. The observed effect varied with respondents’ age and available motorcars, which is in line with recent findings and suggests that public health advocacy in urban planning could promote physical activity on a population level, including those with motorcar access.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Does telecommuting promote sustainable travel and physical activity?
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Sandip ChakrabartiAbstractResearchers have explored the efficacy of telecommuting as a travel demand management strategy in the U.S. Conditions under which telecommuting can reduce VMT (vehicle miles traveled) and ease peak-period traffic congestion have been extensively investigated; empirical findings are well documented in the literature. Analysis of the impact of telecommuting on non-motorized travel, public transit use, and physical activity, however, has received relatively less attention in the past.In this paper, I use the 2009...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Te Ara Mua –Future Streets: Knowledge exchange and the highs and lows of researcher-practitioner collaboration to design active travel infrastructure
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Karen Witten, Penelope Carroll, Octavia Calder-Dawe, Melody Smith, Adrian Field, Jamie Hosking, the Future Streets teamAbstractTransforming vehicle-focused street infrastructure to support a shift to active travel modes can pose a complex interdisciplinary challenge requiring innovation and collaboration between residents, researchers and transport design and policy practitioners. Te Ara Mua-Future Streets is a street redesign intervention study that aims to slow traffic, change driver behaviour and make walking and cycling easier and ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Associations of mode of travel to work with physical activity, and individual, interpersonal, organisational, and environmental characteristics
This study aimed: (i) to examine, and compare by travel mode, the objectively measured physical activity of a working adult population, and, (ii) to identify associations between mode of travel to work and a range of individual, interpersonal, organisational and environmental characteristics.MethodsEmployees (n=654) recruited from 87 workplaces in geographically distinct areas provided data through accelerometers, Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, travel diaries and questionnaires. Separate multivariable logistic regression models were developed to examine factors associated with physical activity during the commu...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

From ‘car-dependency’ to ‘desirable walking’–15 years trend in policy relevant public health indicators derived from Household Travel Surveys
This study utilises transportation-sector population surveys to develop interdisciplinary policy relevant indicators for benchmarking and progress tracking. The continuous Sydney Greater Metropolitan Household Travel Survey (2000-June 2015) was analysed in 2017. The prevalence of adults (≥15 years old) who i) travelled by car for distances amenable for health-enhancing walks (≤ 1.5 km,≤2.0kms); ii) only drove a car and did not walk, including no walks that link to other modes (i.e, CD: ‘car-dependency’); and iii) walked≥30 min, or≥3 kms, or>3 walking trips (i.e., DW: ‘desirable walki...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Residence in unsafe neighborhoods is associated with active transportation among poor women: Geographic Research on Wellbeing (GROW) Study
This study investigated associations of neighborhood context with active transportation among women with children after controlling for sociodemographic variables. We used data from the Geographic Research on Wellbeing study (GROW). In 2012–2013, GROW surveyed mothers who participated in California's Maternal and Infant Health Assessment. The dependent variable was active vs. inactive transportation. Mothers were coded as doing active transportation if they responded that they “walked,” “walked and took public transportation,” or ‘rode a bike,” to most places they went in the previ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Examining influences on active travel by sex among college students
ConclusionsFindings from the present study suggest that among college students AT was higher among men than women. Targeting women over men for PA and AT interventions in a university setting may be warranted. Identifying populations at risk for physical inactivity may be useful in developing and implementing tailored multi-factor interventions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Do differences in built environments explain age differences in transport walking across neighbourhoods?
ConclusionNeighbourhood-level factors semeed to influenced the WfT of younger and older adults differently, with older adults being more sensitive to their neighbourhood environment. In Brisbane, age differences in WfT were smaller in areas with higher residential density and street connectivity. These results favor the ongoing investigation of demographic heterogeneity around neighbourhood averages in other urban contexts to inform tailored ecological interventions that facilitate WfT for all age groups everywhere, supporting active aging communities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Inequalities in self-report road injury risk in Britain: A new analysis of National Travel Survey data, focusing on pedestrian injuries
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Rachel AldredAbstractIn 2007, Britain's (since 2013 England's) National Travel Survey started asking respondents about experiences of ‘road accidents’. This paper conducts new injury analysis using NTS data from 2007-15. The resultant dataset contains 147,185 adult individuals (weighted), of whom 17,990 reported experiencing one or more ‘road accidents’ in the three years prior to the survey date. This dataset includes incidents involving other road users and those that did not, less likely in general to be incl...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Psychological Wellbeing Benefits of Simulated Exposure to Five Urban Settings: an Experimental Study From the Pedestrian's Perspective
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Anna Bornioli, Graham Parkhurst, Phillip L. MorganAbstractThe potential health benefits of walking in attractive, predominantly built-up urban settings have not received much attention from scholars, despite the global need to increase walking levels in cities. The current experimental study assessed the affective outcomes associated with several urban walking settings, with a focus on the presence of motor-traffic and architectural styles from different historic periods. We employed a mixed within-between subjects design (n = 269) wit...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Built environment associates of active school travel in New Zealand children and youth: A systematic meta-analysis using individual participant data
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Erika Ikeda, Tom Stewart, Nicholas Garrett, Victoria Egli, Sandra Mandic, Jamie Hosking, Karen Witten, Greer Hawley, El Shadan Tautolo, Judy Rodda, Antoni Moore, Melody SmithAbstractThis systematic review and meta-analysis examined the associations between active travel to school and the neighbourhood built environment in children and youth by systematically identifying and collating data from New Zealand studies. Data from five studies involving 2844 children and youth aged 6–19 years were included in the meta-analysis. Data on ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cross-sector collaboration on Safe Routes to School policy advocacy and implementation: A mixed methods evaluation from Minnesota
Publication date: June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 9Author(s): Jennifer E. Pelletier, Melissa N. Laska, Marilyn S. Nanney, Rebekah PrattAbstractCross-sector collaboration has been a crucial element of planning and implementing large-scale obesity prevention-related policies and programs in the United States, including Safe Routes to School (SRTS), which promotes walking and bicycling through physical infrastructure changes and programmatic efforts. Minnesota provides a unique opportunity to evaluate a collaborative partnership that successfully implemented and institutionalized one of the first st...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2261 - Estimating the Health Benefits of a Proposed Regional Transportation Plan
ConclusionsThe projected health impacts of the RTP are substantial, yet conservative since they consider only mortality and diabetes incidence. The results provided an additional health-based argument for government investment, as well as signalled public health's interest in building healthier communities. In addition to initial media coverage, the report has been repeatedly cited at local, provincial and national levels. While impossible to directly attribute causality, subsequent government policies have included strengthening the accountability for integrated land use and transportation planning, as well as substantial...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Potential health and economic benefits of banning diesel traffic in Dublin, Ireland
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Shreya Dey, Brian Caulfield, Bidisha GhoshAbstractAir pollution has been linked to 491,000 deaths in Europe annually and diesel vehicles are one of the major sources of two deadly air pollutants, PM2.5 (Particulate Matter) and NOx (Oxides of Nitrogen). Ireland has the highest number of newly registered diesel vehicles in Europe with a share of 43.57% in the overall fleet which is expected to increase to 73.9% by 2025. This will have significant health and financial impacts, especially in the urban areas. The present study quan...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Pedestrian hybrid beacon signals: Identifying characteristics associated with negative consequences to reduce danger at mid-block locations
Publication date: Available online 7 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Srinivas S. Pulugurtha, Venu Madhav Kukkapalli, Ajinkya S. ManeAbstractThe focus of this paper is on an evaluation of negative consequences due to the installation of pedestrian hybrid beacon (PHB) signals and to identify associated characteristics to proactively plan and reduce danger at mid-block locations. Data for thirteen mid-block locations with a PHB signal in the city of Charlotte, North Carolina was gathered to conduct before-after analysis using Empirical Bayes (EB) method. Data for fifty-nine mid-block locations wit...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Perception of road hazards in a Tanzanian Secondary School before and after a traffic psychology intervention
Publication date: Available online 7 June 2018Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Paolo Perego, Federica Biassoni, Mark J. King, Maria Rita CiceriAbstractIn Tanzania in 2014, 3760 people were killed on the roads, and 14,530 were injured (Tanzanian Traffic Police, 2015). One barrier to addressing this problem is the fatalistic belief, common in Africa, that a road crash happens ‘because it has to happen’. However, another possible reason is a lack of knowledge about sources of risk when using the road. The purpose of this research was to test a traffic psychology training program designed to impr...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Latent profile analysis of young adolescents’ physical activity across locations on schooldays
ConclusionsAlthough most participants did not meet the MVPA guideline, the six Active profiles showed the places in which many adolescents were able to achieve the 60-min/day guideline. The home and school neighborhood (partly through walking to school), other locations, and to a lesser extent the home, appeared to be key sources for physical activity that distinguished active from insufficiently active adolescents. Finding the right match between the individual and physical activity source/location may be a promising strategy for increasing active travel and MVPA in adolescents. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - July 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research