Walking, trip purpose, and exposure to multiple environments: A case study of older adults in Luxembourg
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 13Author(s): Camille Perchoux, Ruben Brondeel, Rania Wasfi, Olivier Klein, Geoffrey Caruso, Julie Vallée, Sylvain Klein, Benoit Thierry, Martin Dijst, Basile Chaix, Yan Kestens, Philippe GerberAbstractPurposeUnderstanding the geographical and environmental triggers for active transport among older adults is crucial to promote healthy and independent lifestyles. While transportation research has long considered trip purpose as a major determinant of transport mode choices, “place and health” research has paid little attention to ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A nation-wide study on the prevalence of non-collision injuries occurring during use of public buses
ConclusionsThis systematic registry-based analysis of non-collision bus injuries confirms the greater risk of being injured while using bus transportation among women and older passengers. Primary attention for prevention policies should be given to injuries occurring during boarding or alighting of the bus. Additional policy recommendations are discussed. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 12Author(s): (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Walking and working with others
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 12Author(s): (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Examining urban and rural bicycling in the United States: Early findings from the 2017 National Household Travel Survey
This study addresses two questions: 1) what is the prevalence of bicycling behaviors by urbanicity (urban/rural and population density category), and 2) what are the characteristics that best categorize individuals as cyclists versus non-cyclists, overall and for rural populations. We used the 2017 National Household Travel Survey, a nationally representative sample of the US non-institutionalized population (age ≥5 years). Bicycling was defined as any bicycling, bicycling for exercise, bicycle commuting, and bike share program use. Analyses used complex survey procedures to estimate unadjusted and adjusted prevalence; ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Quantifying e-bike applicability by comparing travel time and physical energy expenditure: A case study of Japanese cities
ConclusionsThe indices can be valuable tools providing urban planners with knowledge about e-bikes on a community-wide scale and a city-wide scale. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Impact of a public transit strike on public bicycle share use: An interrupted time series natural experiment study
ConclusionsOur results suggest that interventions that highly constrain transit can increase active transportation but the behavior may not be sustained after transit becomes available again. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Risk of non-collision injuries to public transport passengers: Synthesis of evidence from eleven studies
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 13Author(s): Rune ElvikAbstractResearch problemThis paper reviews and summarises studies of the risk of non-collision injuries to public transport passengers. Non-collision injuries include injuries when boarding or alighting and falls onboard as a result of e.g. sudden braking. It was possible to reconstruct exposure to risk for eleven studies, providing a total of twelve estimates of risk for boarding and alighting and twelve estimates of risk for falls onboard.ResultsThe mean risk of falling in a moving vehicle is about 0.3–0.5 per millio...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 9, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The health and safety risks for people who drive for work in the gig economy
ConclusionsThe emergence of the gig driver could give rise to a perfect storm of risk factors affecting the health and safety not just of the people who work in the economy but for other road users. Pressure from Government should make these service providers more aware of their employment obligations and provide safeguards for people who generate income for them. Recommendations are made to improve the safety of gig workers. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 7, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Associations between commuting and well-being in the context of a compact city with a well-developed public transport system
ConclusionsIn Hong Kong, commuting time over 60 min is associated with negative satisfaction with life, and commuting time over 90 min is associated with higher risk of obesity. Policymakers of a compact city with a well-developed transport system should be informed of the negative impacts of long commuting time on well-being. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 6, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The relationship between visual enclosure for neighbourhood street walkability and elders’ mental health in China: Using street view images
ConclusionThe present study indicates a potential beneficial role of street walkability on mental health (depression and anxiety) in older residents, especially for disadvantaged older adults. Additional longitudinal studies are required to address some limitations of this study, such as residential self-selection bias. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Residential development and near-roadway air pollution: Assessing risk and mitigation in San Jose, California
We examined project approval documents; visited development sites; measured proximity using geographic information systems (GIS); assessed aerial and Google Street View imagery; and collected data on green building certifications. Many of these developments were near freeways or major highways; about 4% of new housing units were within 500 feet of a high-traffic roadway, and 45% of new units were within 1500 feet of such roads. Public and private sector actors implemented limited mitigation measures. California's state government updated its building energy code and constructed soundwalls along some freeways. Some real est...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Corrigendum to deprivation and road traffic injury comparisons for 4–10 and 11–15 year-olds [Journal of Transport and Health, 11 (2018) 221–229]
Publication date: Available online 24 March 2019Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Sarah E. O'Toole, Nicola Christie (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The potential for active commuting by bicycle and its possible effects on public health
ConclusionThe results demonstrate that the spatial distribution of homes and workplaces in Scania is conducive to increasing the mode share for active transport through well-designed physical environments and transport systems that prioritise physical activity. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The effects of changing passenger weight on aircraft flight performance
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 13Author(s): Damien J. Melis, Jose M. Silva, Miguel A. Silvestre, Richard Yeun (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Moderating effect of gender on the associations of perceived attributes of the neighbourhood environment and social norms on transport cycling behaviours
ConclusionResults from this study suggest that to increase rates of transport cycling in women it may be necessary to increase the convenience of cycling in neighbourhoods for multiple purposes, such as going to the shops, running errands, or escorting children. Additionally, improving social norms towards cycling may increase rates of commuter cycling in both men and women. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The association of childhood symptoms of conduct disorder and collision risk in adulthood
ConclusionThese findings add to a growing literature and suggest that treatment for CD should include a focus on driver safety. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The utility of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in predicting need for fitness to drive evaluations in older adults
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 13Author(s): Deepika Kandasamy, Kayla Williamson, David B. Carr, Diana Abbott, Marian E. BetzAbstractObjectivesWith age, older adults (≥65 years) become increasingly vulnerable to cognitive disorders that may impair driving ability. Health practitioners are often tasked with screening older drivers and may recommend fitness to drive (FTD) evaluations for those potentially needing driving rehabilitation or cessation. Here, we examine whether the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), which mainly tests cognitive ability, may identify older adults...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 17, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The metabolic and physiological responses to scootering exercise in a field-setting
This study quantified the metabolic and physiological responses towards a range of scootering speeds in a field-setting.MethodsTen participants (eight male, two female; mean ± standard deviation [SD] age: 21 ± 1 years; peak oxygen uptake [V̇O2peak]: 51.5 ± 6.0 mL/kg/min) completed a cycling V̇O2peak test and a 30-min scootering protocol. Energy expenditure (EE), metabolic equivalents (METs) and heart rate (HR) were recorded throughout.ResultsMean ± SD EE and METs increased (P 
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 17, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Pathways from built environment to health: A conceptual framework linking behavior and exposure-based impacts
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 12Author(s): Lawrence D. Frank, Nicole Iroz-Elardo, Kara E. MacLeod, Andy HongAbstractBackground and purposeA growing body of evidence documents multiple ways in which land use and transportation investments influence health. To date, most evidence linking the built environment to health either focuses on behavioral change or environmental exposures. Few studies simultaneously assess how behavior and exposure-based impacts of the built environment interact. This is concerning as increased walkability and transit access can possibly lead to increa...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Association between perceived access to public transport stops and physical activity among adults in Nanjing, Mainland China: A cross-sectional study
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 13Author(s): Zhiyong Wang, Yuyang Ma, Zhenzhen Qin, Qing Ye, Zhen Xu, Lingyun Han, Peng Jia, Fei Xuf, (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Integrating multiple transportation modes into measures of spatial food accessibility
ConclusionsBy considering modal-split subpopulations, our measures offer a more realistic representation of local people's travel for grocery shopping, and thus a better identification of populations with low food access. The finer modeling scale at a subpopulation level provides health and urban planners more flexibility in policy design, in that interventions can be tailored to not only a neighborhood but also a specific subpopulation within it. Such knowledge could improve the cost-effectiveness of food intervention programs. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors related to the risk of pedestrian fatality after a crash in Spain, 1993–2013
ConclusionsWe identified several factors strongly associated with the risk of pedestrian fatality; some of these factors are analyzed here for the first time. This knowledge is potentially useful in the design and prioritization of measures intended to increase pedestrian safety. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Understanding the impact of physical fatigue and postural comfort experienced during motorcycling: A systematic review
ConclusionOur review shows that the different muscles affected due to motorcycle driving and the techniques used for assessment need to be comprehensively evaluated. Thus, proper selection and design of motorcycles is imperative for improving the comfort of motorcyclists. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A statistical analysis of bike sharing usage and its potential as an auto-trip substitute
ConclusionsThe outcomes of this research provide some initial insights into the bikesharing decision-making process that can help in the development of policies to improve the performance of bikesharing systems and making them a more viable transportation option. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Scenarios of cycling to school in England, and associated health and carbon impacts: Application of the ‘Propensity to Cycle Tool’
ConclusionCycling to school is uncommon in England compared with other Northern European countries. Trip distances and hilliness alone cannot explain the difference, suggesting substantial unmet potential. We show that policies resulting in substantial uptake of cycling to school would have important health and environmental benefits. At the level of road networks, the results can inform local investment in safe routes to school to help realise these potential benefits. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Issues relating to the efficacy of mandatory medical reporting of drivers with medical and other fitness to drive relevant conditions by medical and other health practitioners
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 12Author(s): Sjaan Koppel, Lyndal Bugeja, Phuong Hua, Marilyn Di Stefano, Judith L. Charlton (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 22, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Is older adults’ physical activity during transport compensated during other activities? Comparing 4 study cohorts using GPS and accelerometer data
ConclusionsTransport physical activity is compensated partially by older adults during non-transport physical activity. Given the presence of compensation, we strongly recommend evaluations of transport interventions to measure and analyze both non-transport and transport physical activity. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Transport-related noise exposure in a representative sample of Île-de-France residents: A data-enrichment approach
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 12Author(s): Nina Kreuzberger, Basile Chaix, Ruben Brondeel, Julie Méline, Tarik El Aarbaoui (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Promoting active school travel in elementary schools: A regional case study of the school travel planning intervention
ConclusionsChanging perceptions of AST barriers suggests that the STP intervention has the potential to change intentions and motivation for parents and children, which may lead to significant increases in future AST. This study recommends that future interventions focus on parental education and empowerment initiatives to reduce an apparent intention-behaviour gap that exists in their AST decision making process. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 2, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Taking part in activities, an exploration of the role of discretionary travel in older people's wellbeing
ConclusionsLinks are seen between formal activity and mobility, but less so for informal activity. In both instances, activities are relatively local; suggesting endeavours to improve mobility and activity will achieve optimum wellbeing and community cohesion benefits at a local level. Activity theory does appear to offer promise as a way of exploring these issues. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An empirical review of Karachi's transportation predicaments: A paradox of public policy ranging from personal attitudes to public opinion in the megacity
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 12Author(s): Syeda Hoor-Ul-AinAbstractKarachi as a megacity faces huge transportation challenges ranging from rampant urbanization and limited budgets to inefficient infrastructures. The issues of over-crowding, traffic congestion, poor quality of service, ill-fitness of the vehicles, women mobility and unbridled sexual harassment issues on busses are the emerging challenges in the transportation sector. The paper focuses on gauging the public opinions, attitude formation and travel behaviour choices of residents and documenting empirical evidenc...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

How effective are community pedestrian safety training workshops? Short-term findings from a program in California
ConclusionThe workshops intervene in the short-term on multiple levels to improve pedestrian safety as described in program goals. This study provides a model for evaluating a program for its short-term effects, providing a baseline set of conditions for longer-term evaluation. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Behavioural effects of a health-related cycling campaign in Denmark: Evidence from the national travel survey and an online survey accompanying the campaign
ConclusionsBased on the project experience, we discuss ways to improve future cycling campaigns and their evaluation, for example by allocating sufficient resources for establishing a strong partnership among cross-sectional partners and for a more detailed documentation of campaign activities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

How are the built environment and household travel characteristics associated with children's active transport in Melbourne, Australia?
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 12Author(s): A. Carver, A. Barr, A. Singh, H. Badland, S. Mavoa, R. BentleyAbstractBackgroundChildren's active transport (AT) is a potential source of habitual physical activity with established health benefits. We aimed to examine built environment and household travel characteristics as predictors of AT to school and total daily duration of physical activity accumulated via AT.MethodsCross-sectional household travel survey data from 713 households with children aged 5–12 years (n = 1024) residing
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Research on the rationale of width of disabled parking spaces and correlation of selection by wheelchair users and others
DiscussionExisting disabled parking facilities and policy about width need to be adjusted to meet requirement of individuals with differing degrees of disability. We have proposed a reconfiguration of the disabled parking system that may diminish the conflict between wheelchair users and other users. Our study has the potential to contribute to the design of effective disabled parking spaces in order to enhance health and encourage travel for individuals with disabilities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Higher residential and employment densities are associated with more objectively measured walking in the home neighborhood
ConclusionsThe large proportion of walking that takes place in the home neighborhood highlights the importance of continuing to examine the impact of the home neighborhood environment on walking. Potential interventions to increase walking behavior may benefit from increasing residential and employment density within residential areas. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 23, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Risk-taking behaviours and timing to first motorbike collision in the Upper West Region of Ghana
This study examines the relationship between risky behaviours and time to first motorbike collision in northern Ghana with the aim of informing policy and contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).MethodsWe collected data from a representative sample of 818 respondents aged 18 years and older from three districts in the Upper West Region of Ghana. We fitted log-normal models to estimate time ratios and hazard graphs, which identified the most at risk group in timing to first collision.ResultsThe results show that limited knowledge of speed limit (TR = 0.75, P
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 11, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Risk of pedestrian falls in Oslo, Norway: Relation to age, gender and walking surface condition
Publication date: Available online 4 January 2019Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Rune Elvik, Torkel BjørnskauAbstractThe risk of pedestrian falls in Oslo, Norway, is analysed. Injury data were collected during 2016 by the municipal emergency medical clinic. A total of 6309 injured pedestrians were recorded. 6109 were injured in falls in which no other road user was involved. The risk of falling per million kilometres walked varies by age, gender and surface condition. Women have a higher risk than men. Risk has a J-shaped variation with age for both genders, being highest among the oldest. The pr...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Municipal officials’ propensity toward active transportation: A rural-urban comparison
ConclusionsImproving municipal officials’ competencies and support from public health networks along with a greater investment of time and resources could increase their perceived control and involvement in AT-related policies, especially in rural communities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A questionnaire to assess parental perception of barriers towards active commuting to school (PABACS): Reliability and validity
ConclusionsThis study provides a reliable tool to assess parental barriers towards active commuting to school, which will help future studies to identify the most important barriers on which institutions have to focus to increase active commuting to school rates. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 29, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evaluating active travel and health economic impacts of small streetscape schemes: An exploratory study in London
ConclusionsThe article demonstrates a method for estimating active traveluptake and associated health benefits for smaller schemes. If applied over a number of schemes, the results could then be used to create an evidence base that could be used in assessing possible benefits of future schemes. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sampling methodology and reliability of a representative walkability audit
ConclusionsThese methods can be replicated in other settings to collect comprehensive data that can be used to guide strategies to improve the walkability of communities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 22, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

How do traffic and demand daily changes define urban emergency medical service (uEMS) strategic decisions?: A robust survival model
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 12Author(s): Marco Amorim, Sara Ferreira, António CoutoAbstractThis paper presents a methodology to locate vehicle base stations using robust optimization to address daily traffic and demand changes, which are due to what we define as city dynamics. The model allows us to better understand how these daily changes affect an urban emergency medical service (uEMS) response system.The methodology incorporates two steps. The first step uses scenario-based optimization and survival function theory to locate vehicle base stations, whereas the sec...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 12, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Green streetscape and walking: Exploring active mobility patterns in dense and compact cities
This study explores both conventional spaces in the form of public parks and urban green spaces, i.e. beaches, tree-lined streets, boulevards and public squares, in relation to the daily walking levels of residents in a Mediterranean city, such as Barcelona by presenting findings based on examining and assessing spatio-temporal exposure levels measured with the help of smartphones and publicly available GIS layers. To achieve this, both exposure and daily walking time were measured from GIS and GPS-based smartphone tracking data for 127 adult individuals from Barcelona, Spain. Based on these measurements, it was determined...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 6, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 11Author(s): (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Work-related injury and disease in Australian road transport workers: A retrospective population based cohort study
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 12Author(s): Ting Xia, Ross Iles, Sharon Newnam, Dan I. Lubman, Alex Collie (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Is active travel part of a healthy lifestyle? Results from a latent class analysis
ConclusionFor most people (70%) active travel (or lack thereof) indeed forms an integral part of these consistent healthy and unhealthy lifestyles. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Daily feelings of US workers and commuting time
ConclusionsOur results indicated that longer commutes may be related to higher levels of stress and fatigue of workers, which may in turn affect the quality of the time parents devote to caring for their children. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 30, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Willingness of people with mental health disabilities to travel in driverless vehicles
ConclusionThe results of the study offer a template for government agencies and vehicle manufacturers to apply when formulating public information campaigns promoting the acceptance of driverless vehicles by intellectually disabled people. Public information campaigns targeted at this important segment of the population should incorporate messages based on factors known to affect mentally disabled people's attitudes towards autonomous vehicles. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 29, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research