Emergency response times and crash risk: An analysis framework for Costa Rica
ConclusionsThe continuous method has the advantage of making use of the continuous nature of the hazard, vulnerability, and risk variables proposed. On the other hand, the categorical ordered method has the advantage of being more intuitive by reducing the hazard, vulnerability and risk to a small number of classes that are easy to interpret.AbstractAntecedentesAlrededor del 48% de las muertes por accidentes de tránsito en Costa Rica ocurrieron en la vía pública, lo que podría atribuirse a una muerte inmediata o a una respuesta tardía por parte de los sistemas de emergencia. Se espera que...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 15, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Perceived barriers to commuter and exercise bicycling in U.S. adults: The 2017 National Household Travel Survey
ConclusionsHeavy traffic and lack of separated paths or trails were the most frequently identified barriers to bicycling more. Communities wishing to promote bicycling for transportation, recreation, or both should consider how traffic reduction strategies and changes in the built environment could make bicycling safer and more accessible. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 14, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cycle training and factors associated with cycling among adolescents in England
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 16Author(s): Ailsa McKay, Anna Goodman, Esther van Sluijs, Christopher Millett, Anthony A. LavertyAbstractBackgroundCycling has the potential to encourage physical activity as well as advancing societal goals such as reducing carbon emissions; encouraging cycling is therefore a policy goal in many contexts. We analysed individual level data from the whole of England on factors associated with cycling among adolescents, including cycle training delivered by the age of 11 years in primary schools.MethodsData came from the nationally representative ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 12, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Sustainable modes and violence: Perceived safety and exposure to crimes on trips to and from a Brazilian university campus
ConclusionsUsing sustainable travel modes had a greater occurrence on routes with the highest insecurity perception, and on routes with high incidences of violence. It is counter-intuitive to assume that numerous walking trips are a consequence of violence. Hence, the results may indicate the opposite, i.e. users of non-motorized modes attract the attention of criminals. Therefore, increased surveillance on regions with high participation of non-motorized modes is necessary to prevent users from shifting to motorized modes.RESUMENIntroducciónLa influencia de las percepciones de seguridad y la ocurrencia de delitos e...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 5, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Physical activity from walking and cycling for daily travel in the United States, 2001–2017: Demographic, socioeconomic, and geographic variation
ConclusionsNational aggregate rates of walking and cycling have not changed substantially from 2001 to 2017, suggesting that much more needs to be done. Successful efforts of some American cities show that active travel can significantly increase with improved infrastructure, programs, and policies that make walking and cycling safer and more convenient. Such efforts should be implemented on a much greater, nationwide scale to have an impact on the prevalence of active travel among Americans. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 5, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Initial evaluation of a public transportation training program for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities: Short report
ConclusionsThe results of this study provide preliminary support for the use of a structured and comprehensive travel training program to improve overall travel skills needed for public transportation. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 26, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Socio-demographic patterns of public, private and active travel in Latin America: Cross-sectional findings from the ELANS study
ConclusionsPublic and private transport were the most common forms of travel in Latin America. Active travel (walking or cycling) represent 17% of total physical activity, therefore, promoting and providing the right infrastructure for active commuting could translate in increasing the population overall levels of physical activity in Latin America.ResumenIntroducciónTransporte activo como caminada o bicicleta ha sido asociado con una salud más favorable. Sin embrago, la evidencia en transporte activo en Latinoamérica es escasa. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue cuantificar y describir las ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Implementation of the life in Traffic Program in 31 Brazilian municipalities
ConclusionsDespite advances in the program implementation, this process did not occur in an equitable way among the municipalities, indicating the need to prioritize the monitoring of actions.Resumo:IntroduçãoO Programa Vida no Trânsito (PVT) iniciou no Brasil em 2010, com o objetivo de promover intervenções de segurança no trânsito capazes de reduzir mortes e lesões graves decorrente das colisões de trânsito. A metodologia do PVT pautou-se em quatro etapas: articulação intersetorial, qualificação e integração de da...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An integrated conceptual model of environmental needs for New Zealand children's active travel to school
ConclusionThis research demonstrates the complexity of AST and reinforces that interventions for increasing active travel modes need to be multi-faceted and not isolated projects. Cross-sector approaches that are sustained over time are needed to facilitate meaningful change in AST. Strategic resourcing and national targets for AST rates may be effective ways to harness commitment across sectors and ensure actions to address the needs presented are operationalised.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 20, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cycling exposure and infrastructural correlates in a Flemish adolescent population
ConclusionsMany adolescents who commute by bicycle cycle along streets with high speed limits and no dedicated cycle lanes probably because of the low motorized traffic densities on these roads. Adolescents should avoid roads without dedicated cycling infrastructure and high speed limits since these roads have been identified as high risk. The results are region specific and therefore this study should be replicated in other contexts. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 20, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Comment on Why cities with high bicycling rates are safer for all road users
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 16Author(s): Paul Schimek (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 17, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Authors’ response to the letter to the editor regarding Why Cities with High Bicycling Rates are Safer for All Road Users
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 16Author(s): Wesley E. Marshall, Nicholas N. Ferenchak (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 17, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 15Author(s): (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The effect of emotional appeal on seafarers’ safety behaviour: An extended health belief model
ConclusionsThe current study enriches existing theoretical research on safety behaviour by synthesising cognitive and affect theories. In addition, the study draws important implications on safety management such as training and education. It also implicates communication policies of shipping companies. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Consideration of exposure to traffic-related air pollution in bicycle route planning
ConclusionsThe presented case studies illustrate how the consideration of exposure to traffic-related air pollution could impact the results of bicycle route planning. Planners may refer to the presented method or use the information in the analysis differently based on their needs in specific projects. Planners and stakeholders may jointly determine how important the different factors, including exposure to traffic-related air pollution, are in relation to one another and what tradeoff between different factors will be. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Changing aspirations: The future of transport and health
Publication date: Available online 26 November 2019Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Jennifer S. Mindell (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Protecting science from the dark side: Commercial funding of research
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 15Author(s): Jennifer S. Mindell, Ron Buliung, Stephen J. Watkins (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 26, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

How does walkability change relate to walking behavior change? Effects of a street improvement in pedestrian volumes and walking experience
ConclusionsThe results suggest that the scale of walkability change of environmental interventions is a significant factor in influencing walking behaviour. In this sense, smaller-scale interventions may be effective in improving the walking experience but not as effective in increasing walking activity. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 26, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The public health implications of telematic technologies: An exploratory qualitative study in the UK
ConclusionMarket-based mechanisms such as telematics are potential alternatives to well-evaluated policy interventions such as Graduated Driver Licensing for reducing road injury risks for novice drivers, with a different mix of risks and benefits. However, claims to date from insurance companies about the contribution of telematics to public health outcomes should be evaluated carefully to account for biases in uptake. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 26, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

From non-cyclists to frequent cyclists: Factors associated with frequent bike share use in New York City
ConclusionsThe results of this study highlight that motivations not related to health, such as wanting a less expensive and more efficient form of transportation, might contribute to the use of active transportation like cycling. Frequent use among those with lower household incomes provides additional rationale for expansion of bike share to low-income neighborhoods. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 22, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Incorporating multiple travel modes into a floating catchment area framework to analyse patterns of accessibility to hierarchical healthcare facilities
ConclusionsThese findings may have important policy implications for health planners and decision-makers who must reasonably allocate public health resources. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Australian cyclists’ engagement in secondary tasks
ConclusionsCyclist engagement in any form of distracted cycling may be particularly risky in the Australian context due to a lack of safe cycling infrastructure making the road network less tolerant of distraction-related errors. Findings from this study can inform the design and targeting of policies aimed at reducing distracted cycling in Australia and overseas. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Functional and employment outcomes following road traffic crashes in Queensland, Australia: Protocol for a prospective cohort study.
This study protocol describes the process undertaken by the research team to design the methodology of this study.MethodsParticipants aged between 18 and 64 years, injured in a crash involving a motorised vehicle, will be recruited from public hospitals in Queensland. Participants will be excluded if their injuries are severe, including severe traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury. Baseline data collection will occur within 28 days of the injury, with major follow up assessments occurring at 6 and 12 months post-baseline. Outcome measures include return to work status, health-related quality of life, musculoskeletal...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Impacts of temporary pedestrian streetscape improvements on pedestrian and vehicle activity and community perceptions
ConclusionsThe findings suggest that inexpensive quick build streetscape improvements are promising for increasing pedestrian activity and walking. More research is needed to evaluate long-term outcomes of sustained quick build projects. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Beyond “safe”: Chilean “Kool” routes to school address social determinants of health
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 15Author(s): Lake Sagaris, Daniel LanfrancoAbstractAn abundant literature has examined the usefulness of “safe routes to school” programs to increase active transport (mainly walking and cycling) and with it levels of physical activity, hence health. To date, these have been applied mainly in the Global North, where they are supported by national networks and government.Conditions in developing countries differ. While the obesity epidemic is rife, the sustainability trio of walk-bike-bus/Metro account for high percentages (66% or m...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Trends and measurement issues for active transportation in New Zealand's physical activity report cards for children and youth
ConclusionsThe low and declining levels of AT in NZ children and youth indicates that national strategies to increase AT are urgently required. Future efforts should aim to standardise measurements of AT across national surveys to enable monitoring and comparison of patterns across time. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 7, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Toward the 2-degree target: Evaluating co-benefits of road transportation in China
ConclusionsThis research has implications for other emerging economies and those reluctant to engage in climate action and is deserving of further attention. The government should also realize the heterogeneity of road transport sector development in different provinces, and adopt a more flexible policy approach to take into account regional pollution levels and abatement options. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Commentary on ‘Evaluating methods for measuring daily walking to public transport: Balancing accuracy and data availability’
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 15Author(s): Oliver Duke-Williams (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

5th International Conference on Transport and Health: ICTH 2019-Melbourne
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 15Author(s): Jennifer S. Mindell, Karyn Warsow (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Comparing bicyclists who use smartphone apps to record rides with those who do not: Implications for representativeness and selection bias
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 15Author(s): Michael D. Garber, Kari E. Watkins, Michael R. KramerAbstractIncreasing population levels of cycling has the potential to improve public health by increasing physical activity. As cyclists have begun using smartphone apps to record trips, researchers have used data generated from these apps to monitor cycling levels and evaluate cycling-related interventions.The goal of this research is to assess the extent to which app-using cyclists represent the broader cycling population to inform whether use of app-generated data in bike-infr...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 26, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Process evaluation of a pilot study to test the feasibility of an incentive scheme to increase active travel to school
ConclusionsFindings support the feasibility and acceptability of an incentive scheme to increase ATS. Additional feasibility work should be carried out prior to a definitive evaluation trial, taking into account the findings and recommendations of this study. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 11, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

More than time and money - Influences on mobility of low-income women in the Villa 20 in Buenos Aires, Argentina
Conclusions:it shows that their mobility patterns are mainly determined by restrictions. The relevance of factors and their effect differ for each woman, mainly depending on her motility. Even though time and costs have found to be very common and decisive determinants of travel choices, they are by far not equally relevant to the women and are in some cases outweighed by other issues, such as insecurity or orientation problems.Discussion:The article concludes by outlining recommendations for the adoption of an integrated approach that focuses on both infrastructure and mobility management, including methods and stakeholde...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Understanding how low-income communities gain access to healthcare services: A qualitative study in São Paulo, Brazil
ConclusionsWithin policy setting agendas in Brazil, “objective” assessments of people's ability to access healthcare tend to over-emphasise the spatial separation between patients' home locations and the physical location of healthcare services, most notably in terms of travel time or distance. Tackling health inequalities requires planners to design integrated transport and health policies taking into consideration the adequacy and quality of both transport and healthcare services. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Urban travel patterns and safety among school children around Accra, Ghana
ConclusionThe paper draws attention to traffic collisions and fatalities among basic school pupils in and around Accra. Particularly, the paper resonates the worsening trip-to-school behaviours of basic school pupils in African cities. Cities on the continent still provide unsafe, expensive and inefficient transport services. The paper calls for a re-examination of urban mobility and safety among school pupils; as an urgent urban transport policy issue in Africa cities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Do advanced stop lines for motorcycles improve road safety?
ConclusionASL are not effective in improving road safety. In some circumstances, they increase the risk of traffic injury. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Effects of 20 mph interventions on a range of public health outcomes: A meta-narrative evidence synthesis
ConclusionThis review suggests 20 mph ‘zones’ are effective in reducing collisions and casualties. However, it provides insufficient evidence to draw conclusions on the effect of 20 mph ‘zones’ on pollution, inequalities or liveability. For 20 mph ‘limits’ more rigorous evaluations are required in order to draw robust conclusions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - October 4, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Research Agenda for Shaping the Future of Smart Mobility
Publication date: Available online 27 September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): Hussein Dia (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

What moves us: Subjective and objective predictors of active transportation
ConclusionsActive transportation is associated with built environment characteristics and perceived environmental factors, but the specific predictors and strength of associations vary by context. Results suggest perceived bicycle friendliness may be important in urban areas and access to trails for walking and biking may provide important opportunities to promote active transportation in more suburban or rural areas. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Characteristics of tail pipe (Nitric oxide) and resuspended dust emissions from urban roads – A case study in Delhi city
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): V. Dheeraj Alshetty, Sudheer Kumar Kuppili, S.M. Shiva Nagendra, Gitakrishnan Ramadurai, Virendra Sethi, Rakesh Kumar, Niraj Sharma, Anil Namdeo, Margaret Bell, Paul Goodman, Tim Chatterton, Jo Barnes, Laura De Vito, James LonghurstAbstractIntroductionPersonal exposure to elevated vehicle exhaust and non-exhaust emissions at urban roadside leads to carcinogenic health effects, respiratory illness and nervous system disorders. In this paper, an attempt has been made to investigate the exhaust and non-exhaust emissions emi...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

5th International Conference on Transport and Health: ICTH 2019-Melbourne
Publication date: Available online 25 September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & HealthAuthor(s): (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The relations between walkable neighbourhoods and active participation in daily activities of people with disabilities
ConclusionThese urban characteristics are important for enabling engagement in active travel for out-of-home activities. Results may shed light on urban planning for vulnerable populations and on their considerations in choosing a neighborhood for residence. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 25, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Is motorcycle use associated with unhealthy lifestyles? Findings from Taiwan
ConclusionsMotorcycle use is a potential behavioral risk factor for active mode of transportation. Future lifestyle interventions and transportation-related policies may consider reducing motorcycle use time as a possible strategy for health promotion. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Impacts of study design on sample size, participation bias, and outcome measurement: A case study from bicycling research
ConclusionsIn our case study we found that measuring bicycling once, resulted in a larger sample with better representation of sociodemographic groups, but different estimates of long-term bicycling behaviour. Passive detection of bicycling through mobile apps could be a solution to the identified issues. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: September 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 14Author(s): (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Does walking and bicycling more mean exercising less? Evidence from the U.S. and the Netherlands
ConclusionsOur findings imply significant health benefits could flow from engaging in active travel. Since the relationship between physical activity and positive health outcomes is well-established, we can presume that people who engage in active travel are likely to enjoy health benefits that they would not otherwise experience. Future research should attempt to quantify these benefits. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Walking for transportation and built environment in Sao Paulo city, Brazil
ConclusionsThe mix of destinations within 500 m and some types of destinations within 1,000 m are important to promote walking trips in adults living in a megalopolis like Sao Paulo. These results can foster discussion of healthy cities in Latin American countries.ResumoObjetivoDescrever o perfil de adultos que caminham como transporte na cidade de São Paulo e verificar as variáveis de ambiente construído que estão associadas com caminhada como forma de transporte.Material e MétodosEste foi um estudo transversal que utilizou dados do Inquérito de Saúde de São Paul...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evaluating methods for measuring daily walking to public transport: Balancing accuracy and data availability
ConclusionsThe methodology presented in this study provides researchers and professionals in other cities without access to detailed origin-destination survey data with a guide to use open data to accurately estimate total walking distances accumulated in a daily commute by public transport. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Theoretical modeling of spatial accessibility in the management of stroke in the Rhône department (France) and comparison with measured data
ConclusionTheoretical models were highly correlated and the correlation with the measured data was mostly correct. The few minutes difference between theoretical models and measured data could be explained by traffic hazards and organizational vagaries that always tend to disrupt modeling results. Using measured data was found to be very useful to perform theorical model and to develop a robust model of stroke transportation. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 18, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Maturing urban cycling: Comparing barriers and motivators to bicycle of cyclists and non-cyclists in Lisbon, Portugal
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 15Author(s): Rosa Félix, Filipe Moura, Kelly J. CliftonAbstractCities with low cycling maturity (LCM) are cities with a small cycling modal share and little cycling infrastructure. Despite the increasing public interest in cycling as travel mode, LCM cities are still prevalent in the western world, and few research has been developed on which are the barriers and what lead people to bicycle in this type of cities, that still are changing. This research explores the motivators and deterrents to bicycle in Lisbon (Portugal), a city with a...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 18, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Active commuting to and from school among 106,605 adolescents in 27 Asia-Pacific countries
ConclusionsAcross the Asia-Pacific region, two out of five adolescents engaged in ASC with large variability between the countries as well as by age and sex. Future research should examine multiple factors that influence cross-country variations in adolescents’ ASC, which can inform country-specific interventions and policies to promote ASC in the Asia-Pacific region. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - September 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research