A06 Urban Transport and Health: Understanding Real Impacts, Underlying Driving Forces and Co-Producing Future Directions
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 3, Issue 2, Supplement Author(s): Haneen Khreis, Karyn Warsow, Ersilia Verlinghieri, Alvaro Guzman, Luc Pellecuer, Antonio Ferreira, Ian Jones, Eva Heinen, David Rojas-Rueda, Natalie Mueller, Paul Schepers, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen PhD (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 14, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A05 How Can We Bridge the Gap? Case Study in Collaboration Between Public Health Researchers and Active Transportation Planners
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 3, Issue 2, Supplement Author(s): Katie Crist, Jasper Schipperijn, Jacqueline Kerr (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 14, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A04 The São Paulo We Want? Health Impact Modelling of Different Travel Scenarios for São Paulo, Brazil
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 3, Issue 2, Supplement Author(s): James Woodcock, Anna Goodman, Marko Tainio, Thiago Hérick de Sa (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 14, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A03⁎ Health Impact Assessment of Minnesota's Statewide Multimodal Transportation Plan
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 3, Issue 2, Supplement Author(s): Eamon Flynn (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 14, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A02 Connect Columbus Health Impact Assessment
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 3, Issue 2, Supplement Author(s): Scott Ulrich, Denisse Licon McClure (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 14, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A01⁎ Ciclavia: A Magnet for Health in Los Angeles
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 3, Issue 2, Supplement Author(s): Christina Batteate, Shi Shu, Deborah Cohen, Madeline Brozen, Yifang Zhu, Brian Cole (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 14, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Perceived challenges and facilitators of active travel following implementation of the School Travel-Plan programme in New Zealand children and adolescents
Publication date: Available online 11 June 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Erica Hinckson Promoting active travel modes has the potential to improve health outcomes, enhance social capital, and reduce traffic related congestion whilst also providing economic benefits. With this focus in mind, Auckland׳s transport agency developed a series of School Travel Plan (STP) initiatives in Auckland schools as part of the Travel Wise for Schools programme. The initiative incorporated educational and promotional campaigns to promote carpooling and active transport, combined with the Walking School Bus...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 12, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Public transport and health: Publicising the evidence
Publication date: June 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): Corinne Mulley, Luis Ignacio Rizzi, Christopher Millett, Yoram Shiftan (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 4, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Behavioral theory and transportation cycling research: Application of Diffusion of Innovations
Conclusions DOI theory may be relevant to understanding and promoting cycling for transportation. The TTM approach may undercount participants who are ready for action-oriented interventions. Interventions to increase transportation bicycling could benefit from an explicit focus on increasing the perceived compatibility of this behavior, and from utilizing the DOI staging approach to classify participants into stages that match their readiness for action. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 4, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Mineta Transportation Institute: Creating transportation policy for people
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 24, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Comparison of field and online observations for measuring land uses using the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS)
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jonathan M. Kurka, Marc A. Adams, Carrie Geremia, Wenfei Zhu, Kelli L. Cain, Terry L. Conway, James F. Sallis Land use mix reflects the availability of diverse destinations providing opportunities for active transportation. Online mapping platforms (e.g. Google Maps) show promise for measuring neighborhood features due to their ease of use and accessibility. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of an online version of the Microscale Audit of Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS) tool by...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 18, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

2nd International Conference on Transport and Health (ICTH 2016-USA)
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jennifer Mindell (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 12, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Can the use of Bus Rapid Transit lead to a healthier lifestyle in urban South Africa? The SUN Study
Conclusion This study highlights the potential of BRT for increasing population-levels of PA in South Africa, as part of an inter-sectoral strategy to promote health and prevent non-communicable diseases. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 11, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Changes in bicycling over time associated with a new bike lane: Relations with kilocalories energy expenditure and body mass index
This study examined cycling changes in a neighborhood receiving a bike lane, light rail, and other “complete street” improvements. Participants wore accelerometers and global positioning system (GPS) data loggers for one week in both 2012 and 2013, pre- and post-construction completion. Participants sampled within 2km of the complete street improvements had the following patterns of cycling: never cyclists (n=434), continuing cyclists (n= 29), former cyclists (n=33, who bicycled in 2012 but not 2013), and new cyclists (n=40, who bicycled in 2013 but not 2012). Results show that all three cycling groups, as iden...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 4, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Examining the impact of cycle lanes on cyclist-motor vehicle collisions in the city of Toronto
Conclusion The implementation of painted cycle lanes had a non-significant effect in reducing collisions between cyclists and motor vehicles. Cycle lanes could be considered as a means to facilitate active transportation while reducing risk for cyclists, given the conservative nature of our estimate. Further research is needed on intersection treatments, cycle tracks, and bike volumes. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 30, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Reviewer Thankyou List
Publication date: March 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 3, Issue 1 (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 27, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Corrigendum to A105 The meaning of “mean streets” for sustainable and active travel: Crime, (pedestrian/bike) casualties and mode choice [J. Transp. Health 2 (2015) S59–S60]
Publication date: March 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 3, Issue 1 Author(s): Bruce Appleyard, Christopher Ferrell (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 27, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Active travel in London: The role of travel survey data in describing population physical activity
Publication date: Available online 30 March 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Graeme A. Fairnie, David J.R. Wilby, Lucinda E. Saunders National population physical activity surveys may mask the patterns of active travel in urban areas with high public transport and lower car use. Transport for London׳s London Travel Demand Survey (LTDS) was analysed to understand key demographic correlates of active travel among London adult residents. LTDS is a rolling household survey carried out throughout the year with residents of London. Travel information is collected for household members aged five ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 31, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Environment, beliefs and behaviour
Publication date: Available online 24 March 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Selena Gray (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 25, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

International comparisons of the associations between objective measures of the built environment and transport-related walking and cycling: IPEN adult study
Conclusion Across 14 diverse cities and countries, living in more densely populated areas, having a well-connected street network, more diverse land uses, and having more parks were positively associated with transport-related walking and/or cycling. Except for land-use-mix, all built environment variables had curvilinear relationships with walking, with a plateau in the relationship at higher levels of the scales. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 23, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Age and retirement status differences in associations between the built environment and active travel behaviour
Conclusions Transit accessibility and walkability can support active travel behaviour in middle-aged and older adults. Transit access may be especially important in older age groups and walkability may be especially important for middle-aged and older adults who are still working. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 23, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Motorcyclist characteristics and traffic behaviour in urban Northern Ghana: Implications for road traffic accidents
This study examines how motorcyclist characteristics influence their road traffic behaviour and its implications on road traffic accidents in Wa, a rapidly urbanizing city in North-western Ghana. The results reported in this study is based on data collected from multiple sources including randomly administered questionnaire to motorcyclists and stakeholder interviews with Officials of road traffic and safety institutions. Our results show that age, occupation and ownership of motorcycle were significantly associated with wearing-helmet. Again, age and alcohol use was found to have a significant relationship. The number of ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 22, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Travel mode, transportation-related physical activity, and risk of overweight in Taiwanese adults
Conclusions Using public transport might be as effective as active transportation to accumulate transport-related physical activity to achieve health-enhancing level and to be associated with lower odds of being overweight in Taiwanese adults. Encouraging public transportation use could promote physical activity and be considered a promising method of preventing overweight in both men and women. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 20, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A dynamic framework on travel mode choice focusing on utilitarian walking based on the integration of current knowledge
Publication date: Available online 17 March 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Yong Yang Recently, research on utilitarian walking has gained momentum due to its benefits on both health and the environment. However, our overall understanding of how built and social environments affect travel mode choice (walking or not) is still limited, and most existing frameworks on travel mode choice lack dynamic processes. After a review of several mainstream theories and a number of frameworks, we propose an integrated framework. The basic constructs in the travel mode choice function are utilities, const...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 19, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Public transit use and physical activity in community-dwelling older adults: Combining GPS and accelerometry to assess transportation-related physical activity
Conclusions Active transportation, including public transit use, may contribute meaningfully to daily physical activity levels in community-dwelling older adults. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 19, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Longer or more frequent walks: Examining the relationship between transit use and active transportation in Canada
Conclusion Beyond the walks to public transit stops or stations, transit users perform more active transportation to destinations by taking more walk trips for various purposes. Developing transit infrastructure and providing proximity destinations in surrounding neighborhoods may provide health benefits beyond a reduction in travel related energy use and emissions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 5, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Can transit-oriented developments help achieve the recommended weekly level of physical activity?
This study aims to describe travel behavior of residents in Transit-oriented developments (TODs) and its impacts on levels of physical activity through utilitarian trips (i.e., routine trips to school, work and grocery shopping). Data is drawn from a survey of residents living in seven geographically-dispersed North American TODs in 2013. Approximately 20% of survey respondents achieved weekly recommended levels of physical activity through their utilitarian trips. Trip frequency was an important factor in achieving recommended weekly physical activity levels; individuals with higher levels of public transport use were mor...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 5, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

There׳s an app for that: development of a smartphone app to promote active travel to a college campus
Conclusion: The formative research process allowed for a better understanding of the AT behavior for campus members. Feedback from the formative research allowed the developers and research team to build an app addressing the preferences of the community. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 5, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Thank you – from the prize-winning Journal of Transport and Health
Publication date: Available online 2 March 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jennifer S. Mindell (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 3, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Active commuting to school in Portuguese adolescents: Using PALMS to detect trips
Conclusion Walking to school and back home can contribute with up to 40% of recommended daily MVPA, so increasing this behavior may be of particular relevance to increase PA levels. On the other hand, cycling is underused in home-school trips and strategies to promote the use of bicycle could also be of interest, especially in trips longer than 2.0km. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 3, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Bicycling and walking in the Southeast USA: Why is it rare and risky?
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Ariel Godwin, Anne M. Price Although the Southeast USA region of the United States has warm weather and relatively flat terrain, bicycling and walking for transportation are less prevalent in the region than in the rest of the United States. Moreover, these modes have higher rates of traffic crashes and fatalities in the Southeast USA than elsewhere. We examine factors that may contribute to this outcome, including urban sprawl, historical development patterns, policies, goals, legislation, infrastructure, and fu...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 29, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Potential health implications and health cost reductions of transit-induced physical activity
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Ipek N. Sener, Richard J. Lee, Zachary Elgart Transit has the potential to increase an individual׳s level of physical activity due to the need to walk or bike at the beginning and end of each trip. Consideration of these health benefits would allow transit proponents to better demonstrate its true costs and benefits. In light of transit׳s potential health-related impacts, this study contributes to the growing discussion in the emerging field of health and transportation by providing a review of the current lev...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 25, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Does truck driver health and wellness deserve more attention?
Publication date: Available online 23 February 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Wesley S. Boyce Numerous external costs of logistics exist that can have an indirect impact on business or society. This paper outlines the external cost of truck driver health and how it may have a negative impact on supply chains. As key contributors to logistics and transportation, truck drivers have a substantial impact on the global economy. However, the high demands of their jobs can often lead them to overlook their health and well-being, which can negatively impact drivers, their firms, and supply chains. ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 24, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Traffic stress and bicycling to elementary and junior high school: Evidence from Davis, California
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Dillon T. Fitch, Calvin G. Thigpen, Susan L. Handy The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of stress stemming from proximity to automobile traffic on bicycling to elementary and junior high school. A growing body of evidence shows that students who walk or bike to school have higher levels of overall physical activity. Turning around the decline in active travel to school in the U.S. could thus produce improvements in the health and wellbeing of students. Despite considerable research on the influe...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 20, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cycling and cycling cessation in later life: Findings from the city of Malmö
This study aims to gain a greater insight into cycling as an element of mobility among those in later life. The characteristics and views of those who cycle, those who have never cycled, as well as those who have discontinued cycling in later life are the main focus. Malmö, a city in the south of Sweden with a strong emphasis on bicycle planning, is the study area. This study employed a mixed methods approach. The quantitative element comprised a survey which aimed to capture the trends at play when it comes to cycling within this age group. The qualitative element encompassed two focus groups which were carried out i...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 17, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Associations of public transport accessibility with walking, obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes
Conclusions In this Australian sample, public transport accessibility was positively associated with walking at recommended levels, including for people who are not otherwise vigorously active. Significance Walking is crucial for increasing physical activity levels and population health, as well as maximising public transport system efficiency. Building evidence on public transport accessibility and walking will enable governments to exploit this important synergy. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 12, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Perceived accessibility is an important factor in transport choice — Results from the AVENUE project
Conclusions Our results showed a strong association between perceived accessibility and transport choice even after adjusting for personal and environmental characteristics. Our results suggest that perceived accessibility should be taken into account when stimulating a shift from car use to cycling or walking. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 12, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A time-series analysis of motorway collisions in England considering road infrastructure, socio-demographics, traffic and weather characteristics
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Paraskevi Michalaki, Mohammed Quddus, David Pitfield, Andrew Huetson Traffic injuries on motorways are a public health problem worldwide. Collisions on motorways represent a high injury rate in comparison to the entire national network. Furthermore, collisions that occur on the hard–shoulder are even more severe than those that happen on the main carriageway. The purpose of this paper is to explore motorway safety through the identification of patterns in the sequence of monthly hard–shoulder and ma...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 12, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Bicycling and walking in the Central Deep South states: Why is it rare and risky?
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Ariel Godwin, Anne M. Price Although the Central Deep South region of the United States has warm weather and relatively flat terrain, bicycling and walking for transportation are less prevalent in the region than in the rest of the United States. Moreover, these modes have higher rates of traffic crashes and fatalities in the Central Deep South than elsewhere. We examine factors that may contribute to this outcome, including urban sprawl, historical development patterns, policies, goals, legislation, infrastructu...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 12, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Contextualizing research on transportation and health: A systems perspective
Publication date: Available online 11 February 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Michael J. Widener, Marianne Hatzopoulou During the past few decades, there has been a surge of interest in research seeking to understand how personal and public health are affected by transportation systems. A large and diverse literature has recently emerged as a result, which complements a rich literature developed beginning in the early 20th century. In this manuscript, we identify five unique research trajectories in health and transportation that, in many cases, seem unrelated. After exploring these five a...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 11, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Public transport and health outcomes in rural sub-Saharan Africa – A synthesis of professional opinion
We report the results of a synthesis of professional opinion obtained from in-person interviews and an internet survey on health issues related to the provision of public transport in rural SSA. Field interviews were conducted as semi-structured dialogues with some 40 transportation and public health professionals in the capital cities of Ethiopia, Ghana and Kenya. Additionally, 86 responses to an Internet survey were received from 38 African countries. Poor mechanical conditions of vehicles and risky driving behaviours were reported to be an important source of injury from rural road crashes. The factors contributing to u...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 2, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Examining the relationships between perceived neighborhood mobility characteristics, perceived incivilities, travel attitudes, and physical activity amongst university faculty and staff
Publication date: Available online 29 January 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Victoria C. Morckel This paper discusses the results of a pilot study that used a structural equation modeling approach (SEM) to examine whether self-reported physical activity levels can be explained as a function of participants’ perceived neighborhood mobility characteristics, perceived neighborhood incivilities (i.e. social and physical conditions in a neighborhood that are viewed as troublesome and potentially threatening by residents and users of public spaces), and travel attitudes. Data was collected ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 30, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Are perceptions of the environment in the workplace ‘neighbourhood’ associated with commuter walking?
Publication date: Available online 29 January 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Emma J. Adams, Fiona C. Bull, Charlie E. Foster Walking for the daily commute is one potential strategy for increasing physical activity levels. Understanding the behaviour-specific environmental correlates associated with commuter walking will help effective interventions to be identified and developed. The aim of this study was to examine the associations of perceptions of the environment in the workplace ‘neighbourhood’ and commuter walking. Participants in the baseline survey of the Walking Works ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 30, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Built environment in local relation with walking: Why here and not there?
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Thierry Feuillet, Paul Salze, Hélène Charreire, Mehdi Menai, Christophe Enaux, Camille Perchoux, Franck Hess, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Serge Hercberg, Chantal Simon, Christiane Weber, Jean-Michel Oppert Walking, as both a major mode of transport and the most common form of every-day physical activity, deserves further attention in health-related transportation studies. In this paper, we focused on the built environmental correlates of walking for errands and leisure in a sample of 4979 adult...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 22, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Secondary GIS built environment data for health research: Guidance for data development
Publication date: Available online 22 January 2016 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Orion T. Stewart, Heather A. Carlos, Chanam Lee, Ethan M. Berke, Philip M. Hurvitz, Li Li, Anne Vernez Moudon, Mark P. Doescher Built environment (BE) data in geographic information system (GIS) format are increasingly available from public agencies and private providers. These data can provide objective, low-cost BE data over large regions and are often used in public health research and surveillance. Yet challenges exist in repurposing GIS data for health research. The GIS data do not always capture desire...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 22, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The effect of active travel interventions conducted in work settings on driving to work: A systematic review
Conclusions Evaluations of active travel interventions with robust study designs such as controlled before–after studies and cluster-randomised controlled trials are needed to provide stronger evidence, and pragmatic approaches to implementing controlled trials will need to be considered. Consensus on outcome measures for intervention studies would assist future reviews and meta-analyses. Since most active travel interventions at present are not controlled studies, reviews which include uncontrolled studies are another important source of evidence to inform policy and practice. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 15, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Bicycle route preference and pollution inhalation dose: Comparing exposure and distance trade-offs
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2015 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Alexander Y. Bigazzi, Joseph Broach, Jennifer Dill Do bicyclist preferences for low-traffic facilities lead to route choices that minimize air pollution inhalation doses? For both preferences and doses a routing trade-off can exist between exposure to motor vehicle traffic and trip duration. We use past studies of bicycle route preferences and pollution exposure levels to estimate exposure/distance trade-offs among roadway facility types. Exposure/distance trade-offs for preferences and doses are found to be sim...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 11, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Mobile phone use while driving: Underestimation of a global threat
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2015 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Janet Ige, Amrit Banstola, Paul Pilkington The use of mobile phones (cell phones) has increased dramatically in the 21st century. The popularity of mobile phones and smart phones in the computer age can in part be associated with the growing problem of driver distraction. There are indications that the use of mobile phones while driving is one of the leading contributors to road traffic collisions (RTCs). However the true impact of the contribution of mobile phones to RTCs is masked by deficiencies in reporting....
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 22, 2015 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Variability in baseline travel behaviour as a predictor of changes in commuting by active travel, car and public transport: a natural experimental study
Conclusions People reporting a higher level of variability in mode choice were more likely to change their travel behaviour following an intervention. Future research should consider such variability as a potential predictor and effect modifier of travel and physical activity behaviour change, and its significance for the design and targeting of interventions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 11, 2015 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Towards an understanding of the full spectrum of travel-related injuries among older people
Publication date: Available online 2 December 2015 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Desmond O’Neill The development of a traffic system that is age-attuned needs to take account of both mobility and safety issues, in particular in terms of interventions which lead to a change in the relative proportion of modes of transport utilized, as has been postulated for the impact of medical screening of older drivers. Statistics for travel-related injury have been dominated by impacts between motorized vehicles and either other motorized vehicles or unprotected road users to the point of neglecting o...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 3, 2015 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research