Health and greenhouse gas mitigation benefits of ambitious expansion of cycling, walking, and transit in California
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Neil Maizlish, Nicholas J. Linesch, James Woodcock The purpose of this research was to quantify health co-benefits and carbon reductions of preferred scenarios of California regional transportation plans and alternatives with ambitious levels of active transport. The alternatives were designed to examine the efficacy of independent contributions of walking, bicycling, and transit at levels consistent with the U.S. Surgeon General recommendation for physical activity. Using data from travel and health surveys, vital stati...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 13, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The working conditions of motorcycle taxi drivers in Tl áhuac, Mexico City
This study seeks to describe the health and working conditions of motorcycle taxi drivers in the Tláhuac district (delegación) of Mexico City. It proceeds from the premise that a study of the labor process and its social organization make it possible to understand how workers live and think, and how the structures and systems that sustain their labor are maintained. To do so, we must explore the activities, risks, and demands that workers face and examine the relationship of these factors to their health. Workers were given a descriptive, exploratory questionnaire seeking data about them and their family and ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 10, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

How good is pedestrian fatality data?
Publication date: Available online 6 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Nicholas J. Klein, Robert B. Noland, James A. Sinclair, Charles Brown Accurate data on pedestrian fatalities is of upmost importance to public health officials, transportation planners, police, and policy-makers. It is used to make strategic decisions about when and where to invest scarce resources to reduce preventable deaths and improve safety for all modes. We analyzed data from one year of pedestrian deaths in New Jersey, the US state with the highest share of pedestrian deaths, and found the data unreliable and incon...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 7, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health impacts of cycling in Dublin on individual cyclists and on the local population
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Ronan Doorley, Vikram Pakrashi, Bidisha Ghosh There is an emerging consensus that personal and societal health benefits in cycling largely outweigh the risks. However, there exists limited research into the health impacts experienced by individuals who take up cycling or the marginal societal benefits resulting from incremental uptake of cycling. This paper models and estimates the health impacts of individuals in Dublin taking up cycling. The paper utilizes the 2011 census data of Ireland and a Burden of Disease (BOD) ap...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The Influence of crime on active & amp; sustainable travel: New geo-statistical methods and theories for understanding crime and mode choice
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Bruce S. Appleyard, Christopher E. Ferrell While several studies investigate the links between crime and travel behavior, little research examines the influence different types of crime or their location may have on active and sustainable travel choices. Furthermore, while travel is an inherently linear activity, most studies use coarse, zonal averages, likely missing key details important to pedestrians and bicyclists. In response, this study applies new geospatial measures and statistical methods to explore a number of ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 3, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Investigating the influence of passing relief lane sections on safety and traffic performance
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Salvatore Cafiso, Carmelo D’Agostino, Mariusz Kiec As it is well known, one of the keys to improve traffic performance of two lane rural roads with high traffic volumes is to provide passing sections. However, providing a long segment in which the passing maneuver is allowed, is not always feasible, especially when suburban areas are considered. The retrofitting of some road sections by adding a passing relief lane can improve traffic performance by reducing platoons, driver delays and increasing speed. Nevertheless...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 3, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Road safety and the urban emergency medical service (uEMS): Strategy station location
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Marco Amorim, Sara Ferreira, António Couto This paper provides a methodology on how to contribute to road safety by improving the vehicle response of urban emergency medical services (uEMS) using road safety investments. The methodology embodies two steps. The first step includes a demand assessment through a model that calculates the frequency of urban emergency events and their priority in a spatial area per different population demographics and urban characteristics. These events are categorized by type, which w...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 3, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Investigating geospatial data usability from a health geography perspective using sensitivity analysis: The example of potential accessibility to primary healthcare
This study employs a sensitivity analysis approach to assess accessibility to GP surgeries in south Wales using proprietary and open sources of network data. Results suggest that there are significant differences between access scores derived from the use of networks which purport to portray the same features. Furthermore, the pattern of differences varies between urban and rural areas. Case studies are used to show that the actual representation of network-based features, often overlooked in previous research, can have important implications for the findings from such studies. We conclude by suggesting that the use of sen...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 29, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Area-level socio-economic disparities in active and sedentary transport: Investigating the role of population density in Australia
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Takemi Sugiyama, Rachel Cole, Russell Thompson, Shannon Sahlqvist, Thiago Hérick de Sá, Alison Carver, Thomas Astell-Burt Physical inactivity is considered as a key factor that contributes to socio-economic inequalities in health, a persistent problem in our society. Living in areas of lower socio-economic status (SES) is known to be associated with lower levels of leisure-time physical activity. However, research examining the relationship between area-level SES and transport-related physical activity ha...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 29, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Autonomous vehicles: Developing a public health research agenda to frame the future of transportation policy
Publication date: Available online 26 April 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Travis J. Crayton, Benjamin Mason Meier Recent advancements in autonomous vehicle technology have led to projections that fully autonomous vehicles could define the transportation network within the coming years. In preparation for this disruptive innovation in transportation technology, transportation scholars have started to assess the potential impacts of autonomous vehicles, and transportation policymakers have started to formulate policy recommendations and regulatory guidance concerning their deployment. However,...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 27, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cognitive-behavioral determinants of using helmet by motorcyclists in a rural community
Conclusions Perceived behavioral control and social norms can be influential in using the helmet in a traditional rural setting, which can be used in planning head injury prevention programs for motorcyclists in rural communities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Perceived barriers to bicycling in an urban U.S. environment
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Stephanie L. Fowler, David Berrigan, Keshia M. Pollack Prior research has identified several barriers influencing decisions to bicycle, including infrastructure, safety, and environmental factors. There is scant research exploring how sex and ridership status correlate with perceived barriers, which is a known barrier to being physically active. A total of 1334 Baltimore City residents aged 18 to 75 participated in an online survey (February-March 2014) assessing the major barriers to bicycling in the city. Differences...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

U.S. Transportation and Health Tool: Data for action
Publication date: Available online 22 April 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Tegan K. Boehmer, Arthur M. Wendel, Frederick Bowers, Katherine Robb, Ed Christopher, Jason E. Broehm, Ken Rose, Joseph Ralph Transportation investments have the potential to improve health, but readily available data to guide transportation decisions that could promote health are limited. In October 2015, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released the Transportation and Health Tool (THT). The tool is a resource to help transportation professionals in...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 22, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Changes over time in population level transport satisfaction and mode of travel: A 13 year repeat cross-sectional study, UK
Conclusions The proportion of those who travelled using public transport, active modes or by multiple mode increased journey satisfaction over time at a greater rate than those who travelled by car, highlighting that continued efforts should be made to promote these more active transport modes which have potential to impact on health. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Children's activity-transportation lifestyles, physical activity levels and social-ecological correlates in Toronto, Canada
Publication date: Available online 28 March 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Raktim Mitra, Ian D. Cantello, Ron N. Buliung, Guy E.J. Faulkner Recent years have seen the emergence of a literature focused on physical activity outcomes among children, in relation to their transportation and bodily movement. As this literature grows, the importance of an integrated approach to understand a child's movement/ mobility behaviour is beginning to be recognized in policy and practice. Few studies examine patterns in children's daily activities and transportation together. In particular, an important rese...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 29, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Bumps and bicycles: Women's experience of cycle-commuting during pregnancy
Conclusion this study identified obstacles and benefits to continued cycle-commuting. The findings can be used to support informed decision-making during pregnancy. Meanwhile, safe cycling infrastructure should remain an overarching goal. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 28, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evidence for associations between traffic calming and safety and active transport or obesity: A scoping review
This study aims to review evidence for association between traffic calming and safety and transport-related physical activity or obesity. A systematic search of the peer-reviewed literature was undertaken, with narrative review and quality assessment of evidence from 71 studies (12 reporting associations with obesity, 59 reporting associations with active transport). Our review demonstrates that whilst a feasible logic pathway exists between traffic calming and active transport and obesity, the current state of the evidence is inconclusive. The quality of evidence is also relatively low, particularly given the challenges i...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 28, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The impact of childhood symptoms of conduct disorder on driving after drinking in adulthood
Conclusions Results from a general population survey in one Canadian province suggest that symptoms of CD during childhood are associated with significantly increased odds of driving after drinking in adulthood. These findings add to a growing literature, and could suggest that within treatment for CD special attention should be focused on driver safety. Additional implications for injury prevention will be discussed. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Active Travel
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Miles Tight (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

ISGlobal – The Barcelona Institute for Global Health
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Haneen Khreis, Ione Avila-Palencia, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Road safety and public health
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Julian Hine (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Declining function in older adults: Influencing not only community mobility options but also wellbeing
Publication date: Available online 18 March 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Nina M. Silverstein, Rosário Macário, Takemi Sugiyama (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Use of conspicuity aids by cyclists and risk of crashes involving other road users: Population based case-control study
Conclusion This study found no evidence that cyclists using conspicuity aids were at reduced risk of a collision crash compared to non-users after adjustment for confounding, but there was some evidence of an increase in risk. Bias and residual confounding from differing route selection and cycling behaviours in users of conspicuity aids are possible explanations for these findings. Conspicuity aids may not be effective in reducing collision crash risk for cyclists in highly-motorised environments when used in the absence of other bicycle crash prevention measures such as increased segregation or lower motor vehicle speeds...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Business car owners are less physically active than other adults: A cross-sectional study
Publication date: Available online 22 March 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Maarten Koornneef, Claire M. Bernaards, Hedwig Hofstetter, Ingrid J.M. Hendriksen Active transport contributes to increased daily physical activity (PA). Car ownership is associated with less frequent active transport and less PA. For business car ownership this relation is unknown. Therefore, we explored whether business car owners and their adult household members comply less with the Dutch moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) guideline and are more sedentary than private car owners and persons without a car...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An examination of how changing patterns of school travel mode impact moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among adolescents over time
Conclusion School travel makes a contribution to the amount of MVPA youth accumulate during the school week although evidence for this was restricted to those shifting from active to passive modes in the afternoon period. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Parental perceptions of cycle skills training for adolescents
Conclusions Nearly three-quarters of parents perceived that their adolescents would benefit from participation in CST. Parental perceptions that cycling to school is important and unsafe, and having fewer vehicles at home were associated with favourable parental perceptions of CST for adolescents. Future interventions should also involve parents and consider offering CST in secondary schools as a part of the efforts to promote active transport to school. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Crossing the road in time: Inequalities in older people's walking speeds
Publication date: Available online 8 March 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Elizabeth A. Webb, Steven Bell, Rebecca E. Lacey, Jessica G. Abell Pedestrian crossings in the UK and US require people to walk at 1.2m/s to cross the road in time; however a large proportion of older people do not walk this fast, potentially discouraging walking or putting older people at risk of injury. We use longitudinal data to investigate changes in walking speed, and ability to cross the road in time, at older ages. 31,015 walking speed measurements were taken from 10,249 men and women aged 60+ years in waves 1&n...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 10, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cyclist ’ safety perceptions of cycling infrastructure at un-signalised intersections: Cross-sectional survey of Queensland cyclists
This study was conducted in Queensland, Australia. Adult members of bicycle organisations (N=214) completed an online survey about their demographic characteristics, cycling habits, previous near-miss or collision experiences while cycling, and safety perceptions of cycling infrastructure at intersections. General linear mixed-modelling was used to examine associations between safety perceptions and 12 types of cycling infrastructure at three different motorist-cyclist interaction scenarios. Off-road bicycle paths and footpaths were perceived to be the safest cycling infrastructure at un-signalised intersections (p<...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 10, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

How dangerous is cycling in New Zealand?
Publication date: Available online 7 March 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Michael Chieng, Hakkan Lai, Alistair Woodward We compared the injury risks of typical exposures to road cycling for transport with other common activities including do-it-yourself repairs (DIY) at home, horse riding, quad bike riding, rugby union and snow sports in New Zealand. Cycling on the road half an hour three times a week was similar to DIY twice a month and safer than horse riding 1.5h twice a week (5-fold difference in injury claims), skiing half a day for 4–5 times per year (140-fold), and playing rugby ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 8, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cycling safety: Quantifying the under reporting of cycling incidents in Vancouver, British Columbia
Conclusions Our findings suggest that reliance on insurance claims, the primary data available on safety in the province, drastically underestimates the burden of cycling incidents, particularly those not involving a collision with a motor vehicle. Innovations are needed in cycling safety incident surveillance. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 8, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Associations of public bicycle use with transport-related and leisure-time physical activity in Taiwanese adults
This study aimed to identify the cross-sectional associations of public bicycle use with physical activity during transport and leisure-time among Taiwanese adults. Methods A telephone interviewing and CATI survey was conducted to Taiwanese adults aged 20–64 years. Data on public bicycle use (nonpublic, nonregular public, and public bicycle users) and time spent engaging in transport-related and leisure-time physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire-long version) were obtained from 1068 adults in three urban cities. Results After adjustment for potential confounders, public bicycle users were f...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - March 7, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Light rail leads to more walking around station areas
This study examined walking behavior among the subset of 214 participants living within one mile of one of 13 LRT stations from among a sample of residents living close or further away from a new LRT line in Seattle. They completed a survey and a travel log and wore an accelerometer and a GPS for 7 days both before (2008) and after the opening of the Seattle area LRT (2010). Walking bouts were derived using a previously developed algorithm. The main outcome was the individual-level change in the proportion of daily walking within one quarter Euclidean mile of an LRT station. Overall walking decreased from before to after t...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Interrelationships of physical activity in different domains: Evidence from the Geographic Research on Wellbeing (GROW) study
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Rebecca E. Lee, Elizabeth Lorenzo, Katherine Heck, Harold W. Kohl, Catherine Cubbin Research has rarely distinguished between non-work (NW) and work (W) active transport (AT) or investigated relationships to other domains of physical activity ([PA], like leisure time [LTPA] or work [WPA]). We investigated correlates of AT by employment status, accounting for LTPA and WPA, in a population-based sample of California mothers (N=2906) in the Geographic Research on Wellbeing (GROW) study (2012–2013). AT was measure...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 22, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

'Pedestrian falls ’ as necessary addition to the current definition of traffic crashes for improved public health policies
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Rob Methorst, Paul Schepers, Nicola Christie, Martin Dijst, Ralf Risser, Daniel Sauter, Bert van Wee (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 21, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Investigating injury severity risk factors in automobile crashes with predictive analytics and sensitivity analysis methods
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Dursun Delen, Leman Tomak, Kazim Topuz, Enes Eryarsoy Investigation of the risk factors that contribute to the injury severity in motor vehicle crashes has proved to be a thought-provoking and challenging problem. The results of such investigation can help better understand and potentially mitigate the severe injury risks involved in automobile crashes and thereby advance the well-being of people involved in these traffic accidents. Many factors were found to have an impact on the severity of injury sustained by occ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 21, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Walking speed of older people and pedestrian crossing time
Conclusions Overwhelming majority of older adults living in Sao Paulo cannot cross streets at their own walking speed. Therefore, there is an urgent need for modifying the traffic environment to prevent accidents involving vulnerable pedestrians and promote urban mobility. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 17, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Walking time to school, children's active school travel and their related factors
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Milad Mehdizadeh, AmirReza Mamdoohi, Trond Nordfjaern Active school travel is one of the main opportunities for promotion of physical activity among children. Low physical activity in this group is associated with potential health risks. This research has three aims including two main aims and one intermediate aim. The two main aims were to identify variables that explain why the perceived walking time to school (PWTS) is below or above a threshold and to examine the role of PWTS as well as socioeconomic status, hou...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 17, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Complex active travel bout motivations: Gender, place, and social context associations
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Barbara B. Brown, Ken R. Smith Active travel bouts are healthy, but bout-specific motives, social, and physical contexts have been poorly characterized. Adults (n=421 in 2012, 436 in 2013) described their moderate activity bouts over the past week, aided by accelerometry/GPS data integration. Participants viewed maps indicating date, time, and starting and ending locations of their past week moderate-to-vigorous active travel bouts of 3 or more minutes. These prompts helped participants recall their social and physi...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 16, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Advancing project-scale health impact modeling for active transportation: A user survey and health impact calculation of 14 US trails
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Thomas Götschi, Tracy Hadden Loh Only 21% of American adults achieve recommended levels of physical activity. Urban trails are popular venues both to engage in recreational physical activities and for active commuting. The Rails-to-Trails Conservancy's Trail Modeling and Assessment Platform (T-MAP) is a multi-year research project to develop data-driven trail planning and management tools. We surveyed over 3000 trail users on 14 US urban trails. The survey was developed specifically to inform health impact calc...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 11, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Walking speed of folder people and pedestrian crossing time
Conclusions Overwhelming majority of older adults living in Sao Paulo cannot cross streets at their own walking speed. Therefore, there is an urgent need for modifying the traffic environment to prevent accidents involving vulnerable pedestrians and promote urban mobility. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 10, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Integrating health and transportation in Nashville, Tennessee, USA: From policy to projects
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Leslie A. Meehan, Geoffrey P. Whitfield The Nashville Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) is among the first MPOs in the United States to recognize the interplay of transportation and public health, particularly regarding physical activity, air pollution, and traffic crashes. The Nashville MPO has taken a multifaceted approach to simultaneously improve the transportation system, quality of life, and health status of the region's population. The purpose of this paper is to describe the multiple programs and ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 9, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cycling and disability: A call for further research
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): William Clayton, John Parkin, Chris Billington Cycling can offer health benefits, and these benefits are relevant for disabled people. Few disabled people cycle, and disability is under-researched in cycling studies. This paper (i) reviews current research into disabled cycling, and provides a critique of inclusive cycle design guidance; and (ii) reports on a recent study which highlights some of the significant issues faced by disabled cyclists in accessing cycle infrastructure and using designated cycle networks. A...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 9, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Factors influencing single-bicycle crashes at skewed railroad grade crossings
This study relies on empirical video data collected from a heavily travelled railroad grade crossing over a two month period, covering more than 2000 bicycle traversings and 32 single-bicycle crashes caused by tire interaction with the rail flangeway. A representative random sample of 100 successful traversings were drawn from the population and analyzed against the crashes. Video data was mined to identify crash factors, including demographic, riding behavior, bicycle characteristics, and environmental characteristics. A binary logistic regression model was built to explore factors that influence bicycle crashes. Approach...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 9, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Urban and suburban children's experiences with school travel – A case study
Conclusion Urban and suburban children identified and described barriers and facilitators to AST. Barriers and facilitators were identified in both neighbourhood types. However, the extent to which these factors influenced school travel behaviour varied between neighbourhoods and between individuals. To overcome AST barriers, children in our study developed personal strategies, such as walking with a friend or being cautious in potentially dangerous areas. Involving children in school travel planning discussions and taking neighbourhood setting into account may better inform the development of travel planning programs and ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 8, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Objective assessment of station approach routes: Development and reliability of an audit for walking environments around metro stations in China
Publication date: Available online 3 February 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Guibo Sun, Chris Webster, Alain Chiaradia Transit users may achieve the recommended amount of daily physical activity solely by walking to and from transit stations. However, there are few objective assessments of the configuration and quality of walking environments of the station approaching routes in high density built environments. This problem is acute in many developing countries and in China in particular. Twenty-Five Chinese cities have built up 87 urban rail transit lines during last 6 years. These developme...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 4, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Creating and applying public transport indicators to test pathways of behaviours and health through an urban transport framework
Publication date: Available online 2 February 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Hannah M. Badland, Jerome N. Rachele, Rebecca Roberts, Billie Giles-Corti Access to public transport is an important social determinant of health, and influences congestion and economic capacity of cities. For these reasons public transport access is gaining attention in urban planning and policy. Yet, pathways for how public transport access influences behaviours and health outcomes remain largely unknown, and little work has tested public transport access policy recommendations with health and wellbeing behaviours ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 3, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

An exposure –response relationship between multimorbidity and motor-vehicle accidents
Conclusions This study found an overall increased risk of MVA with increasing multimorbidity, which was reproduced across sex and age categories. The important public health implications of these findings warrant replication with additional adjustment for driving habits. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 2, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A review of emissions and concentrations of particulate matter in the three major metropolitan areas of Brazil
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Marina Torres Pacheco, Magno Marcos Miotto Parmigiani, Maria de Fatima Andrade, Lidia Morawska, Prashant Kumar We critically assessed numerous aspects such as vehicle fleet, type of fuel used in road vehicles, their emissions and concentrations of particulate matter ≤2.5µm (PM2.5) and ≤10µm (PM10) in three of the most polluted metropolitan areas of Brazil: the Metropolitan areas of São Paulo (MASP), Rio de Janeiro (MARJ) and Belo Horizonte (MABH). About 90% of the Brazilian LDVs run on ethano...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - February 1, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The health and economic benefits of active transport policies in Barcelona
In conclusion, changes in transport policies in Barcelona aimed at promoting active transportation created clear health benefits related to physical activity, but increased neither the number of pedestrian nor cyclist traffic injuries. Thus, under the framework of the Health in All Policies, the benefits of active travel support the need for better integration and coordination between transport and health policies. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 27, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Walking, connecting and befriending: A qualitative pilot study of participation in a lay-led walking group intervention
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jane South, Gianfranco Giuntoli, Karina Kinsella, David Carless, Jonathan Long, Jim McKenna Lay-led walking group interventions to increase physical activity often use community engagement methods to ensure intervention reach and to address the determinants of neighbourhood walking. More needs to be known about how social factors support engagement and maintenance of group activity. This paper presents results from qualitative research on a pilot project in the North of England, UK that sought to increase participati...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - January 25, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research