1929 Does an Increase in Walking and Cycling Translate into a Higher Overall Physical Activity Level?
Conclusions Our findings provide evidence that an increase in active mobility translated into an increase in overall physical activity, while the amount of leisure-time physical activity was not modified. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1928 Transforming an Alley-Way: A Place for People or for Cars?
Conclusions It is possible to re-appropriate car space for local residents with benefits to their physical and social well-being. Careful consideration to limiting speeds and including all user needs is required. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1927 Developing a Score to Assess the Policy Environment for Cycling and Walking Promotion in Cities – Results of a Feasibility Study
Conclusions The approach was found to be feasible to derive initial scores to capture the policy and social context for walking/cycling, respectively, which can be included into quantitative analysis of active transport data. Further work will be done to test and refine the approach with the data from the other five PASTA cities. Validation will be explored using indices of bikeability, walkability and traffic calming that will be created using quantitative data from each of the PASTA cities as well as information from the PASTA survey on social acceptance of cycling and walking, respectively, in each of the cities. (Sourc...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1917 Children ’s Life Satisfaction and Travel Satisfaction: An International Study
Conclusions As a global measure of well-being, the implications suggest that improving satisfaction with travel through greater autonomy can improve life satisfaction for children. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1915 Health Impact Modelling of Different Travel Patterns for S ão Paulo, Brazil
Conclusions Shifting travel patterns towards more sustainable transport can provide major health benefits in São Paulo. Uncertainties in the findings also indicate priorities for empirical and modelling research on the health impacts of such shifts. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1910 Enrolling in the Closest School or Not? Implications of School Choice Decisions for Active Transport to School
Conclusions In the absence of school zoning, shorter distance to school, choosing school because of its proximity to home, co-educational school status, and absence of negative peer feedback were associated with adolescents’ enrolment in the closest secondary school. Policies that incentivise enrolment in the closest school could increase the rates of active transport and may contribute to addressing physical inactivity among adolescents, traffic congestion and sustainability concerns. Other consequences of such policies including implications for house pricing and reinforcing class/wealth structures also need to be ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1891 The Contribution and Interactive Effects of Psychological, Social and Environmental Correlates on Active Travel in Hong Kong Adolescents
Conclusions Multiple levels of influence encompassing psychological, social and environmental factors, and their interactions, are potentially important contributors to HK adolescents’ active travel. In view of the benefits of active travel, consideration of these complex sets of multi-level influences is needed to engage this population in higher levels of this activity. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1869 Quality of Life Impacts Related to the Time to Access Drinking Water in Malawi
Conclusions In order to develop appropriate interventions to improve drinking water access and overall quality of life, the distance between the source and the point of use must be quantified to determine where thresholds and limits may exist. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1867 Associations Between Residential Greenness and Adverse Birth Outcomes: A National Study of Canadian Women
Conclusions The findings of this population-based national study support the hypothesis that residential proximity to vegetation contributes to healthier pregnancies. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1859 Autonomous Vehicles and Public Health: Literature Review
Conclusions Even with the trade-offs and many unknown consequences of AVs as an evolving technology, it has the potential to positively impact the overall health of society if is properly regulated and managed by the authorities and the society. AVs could improve public health through improvements to safety, access, personal utility and further improvements in the environment when individuals abandon ownership of private vehicles and fossil fuels. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1850 Health Impacts of the M74 Urban Motorway Extension: A Natural Experimental Study
Conclusions While we identified both benefits and harms, overall these findings highlight the potential for new major road infrastructure to add further burdens to already disadvantaged communities, exacerbating inequalities and contributing to poorer health outcomes. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1846 Parking: The Key to Re-Establishing the Commons?
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 5, Supplement Author(s): Zvi Leve After over fifty years of auto-oriented growth, the detrimental impact of excessive car use on public health and urban vitality is apparent. Concepts such as traffic calming, road diets, complete streets, vision zero, etc. have entered the professional lexicon, but rarely do we consider the implications of how much space is allocated for *immobilized* vehicles. In fact, the average car is in movement only 5% of the time, while the remaining 95% of the time it is parked somewhere. We have reoriented our cities...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1837 The Neighbourhood Physical Environment and Active Travel in Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions Results support strong links between the neighbourhood physical environment and older adults’ active travel. Future research should focus on the identification of types and mixes of destinations that support active travel in older adults and how these interact with individual characteristics and other environmental factors. Future research should also aim to clarify dose-response relationships through multi-country investigations and data-pooling from diverse geographical regions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1833 Public Transportation Availability and Alcohol Impaired Driving Among Young Adult Pub Patrons in Israel
Conclusions This study suggests that the existence of public transportation near drinking locations may decrease AID rates among young adult pub patrons. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1831 Health Impact Assessment of Cycling Network Expansions in European Cities
Conclusions Especially in cities with a currently low cycling mode share, expansion of cycling networks may promote increases in cycling mode share. Increases in cycling mode share were estimated to provide considerable health benefits in European cities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1827 A New Zealand Quasi-Experimental Study of Investment in Walking and Cycling Infrastructure and Encouragement Programmes
Conclusions The reduction in passenger vehicle travel was generally consistent with observed increases in the rate of active transport trips, assuming that active trips mainly replaced shorter car trips. For the small cities studied, improvements in infrastructure and associated programmes appear to have successfully arrested the general decline in active mode use evident in recent years. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1804 California Women with Young Children Use Active Transportation Most Often in Very Unsafe Neighborhoods Regardless of SES
Conclusions Both poor and non-poor women with young children have higher rates of active transportation if they perceive their neighborhoods as very unsafe vs. very safe, presenting added risk for crime, injury, and psychological distress to these most vulnerable women. In contrast, objectively measured poverty rates and income inequality were not related to active transportation. Policy and community resources should be allocated to provide safe routes for women in very unsafe areas where active transport is most likely to occur. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1764 Development of a Toolkit to Measure and Value Community Severance Due to Traffic
Conclusions Coherence of qualitative & quantitative findings supports the validity of the tools. The toolkit will be available online in 2017 from www.ucl.ac.uk/street-mobility/toolkit for use by local communities, practitioners, and researchers. By providing valuations of the impacts of community severance on the local community, policy-makers and practitioners can prepare business cases for expenditure to reduce severance. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1763 Changes over Time in Population Level Transport Satisfaction and Mode of Travel: A Repeat Cross-Sectional Study over a 13 Year Period, UK
Conclusions The proportion of those who travelled using public transport, active modes or by multiple mode increased journey satisfaction over time at a greater rate than those travelled by car, highlighting that continued efforts should be made to promote these more active transport modes which have potential to impact on health. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1756 Vehicle Time during Pregnancy and Post-Partum Depressive Symptom: Does Social Support Provide a Buffer?
Conclusions The health and social consequences of longer vehicle commutes and travel have been observed in other studies. To our knowledge, this is the first PPD study to examine the burden of longer vehicle travel while controlling for physical activity, stressors, and a number of known PPD risk factors. Further, for those pregnant women spending more time in vehicle travel, there is some mitigation of PPD through social support. When the pros and cons of work-related decisions during the perinatal period are weighed, the burden of daily commuting is usually missing from the discussion. Our paper adds information about a ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1739 A Shift from Motorised Travel to Walking, Cycling and Public Transport: What Are the Potential Health Gains for an Australian City?
Conclusions In cities such as Brisbane, where over 80% of trips are made by private motor-vehicles, shifts towards more sustainable modes such as walking, cycling and public transport would translate into health and environmental benefits. However, for changes in modes to take place the right investments needs to take place to ensure safe and convenient travel. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

1706 Autonomous Vehicles: Good or Bad for our Health?
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 5, Supplement Author(s): Samuel Schwartz, Karen Lee According to the World Health Organization, the leading causes of death globally are now non-communicable diseases (NCDs) like cardiovascular disease, cancers, diabetes and chronic lung diseases. NCDs are now responsible for two-thirds of all deaths globally, or 36 million deaths annually. Even in the developing world, heart disease and stroke have overtaken infectious diseases as the leading causes of death. Yet, the vast majority of NCDs are preventable. Physical inactivity, tobacco use, p...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Research 1694 Associations between Daily Walking and Subclinical Health Markers in a Swiss City
Conclusions The results of this retrospective study suggest that daily walking is not related to BMI in this population-based sample, but that it may be related to other relevant subclinical endpoints. Separating walking into three categories and health effects into eight endpoints may provide a useful framework for future research. Limitations: The subclinical endpoints were measured in a standardised way on a representative sample, whereas the walking depends on self-declaration. We suggest recruiting a subset of participants to a follow-on study to evaluate actual walking behaviour using pedometers and GPS technology. (...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A comparison of road- and footpath-based walkability indices and their associations with active travel
Conclusion Results suggest that footpath-based indices of walkability are comparable to road-based indices in their associations with active travel and are an alternative model, particularly for assessing environmental change in non-road-based built environment interventions. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 20, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health impacts of urban transport policy measures: A guidance note for practice
Conclusions Urban transport is responsible for a large mortality and morbidity burden and policy measures that are beneficial to health need to be implemented to reduce this burden. There are considerable differences between these policy measures in terms of potential health impacts and this should be considered in any transport planning. It is important to monitor the health impacts of all policy measures to provide further evidence on whether they work as expected or not, to ensure that the most cost-effective solutions, with the largest benefits and the smallest health risks, are being adopted. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 20, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Special Issue Editorial: Tools and practices for understanding and promoting walking and walkability
Publication date: June 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 5 Author(s): Andrew L. Dannenberg, Katherine Kraft, Seraphim Alvanides (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Exploiting crowdsourced geographic information and GIS for assessment of air pollution exposure during active travel
In this study, to explore the potential of crowdsourced geographic information in research of active travel and health, we used Strava Metro data and GIS technologies to assess air pollution exposure in Glasgow, UK. Particularly, we incorporated time of the trip to assess average inhaled dose of pollutant during a single cycling or pedestrian trip. Empirical results demonstrate that Strava Metro data provides an opportunity to an assessment of average air pollution exposure during active travel. Additionally, to demonstrate the potential of Strava Metro data in policy-making, we explored the spatial association of air poll...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 17, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Socioeconomic and demographic differences in walking and cycling in the Netherlands: How do these translate into differences in health benefits?
Publication date: Available online 9 June 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Jie Gao, Marco Helbich, Martin Dijst, Carlijn B.M. Kamphuis Walking and cycling are effective means to increase people's daily physical activity. Since little is known about how differences in walking and cycling translate into inequalities in health benefits on the population level, this study quantified these health benefits for demographic and socioeconomic groups in the Netherlands. Population-representative data on walking and cycling among adults (aged 20–90 years) for the period 2010–2014 were analyzed...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 10, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Automobile dependence and physical inactivity: Insights from the California Household Travel Survey
Conclusion To get sedentary auto-dependents out of endemic physical inactivity, our research indicates the need for targeting lower-incomes, incentivizing employers to provide flexible work hours, and to continue dense, mixed-use developments that make active travel feasible. In addition, to get active auto-dependents to use transit, transit managers must focus on retaining immigrant riders and non-Hispanic Asians, and attracting people with children. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - June 2, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Enrolling in the Closest School or Not? Implications of school choice decisions for active transport to school
Conclusions In the absence of school zoning, shorter distance to school, importance of school's proximity to home, co-educational school status, and absence of negative peer feedback were associated with adolescents’ enrolment in the closest secondary school. School choice decisions have implications not only for education but also for public health, transport and environmental sustainability. A multi-sector approach and extensive collaboration between educational policy makers, urban designers, health promoters, and community groups is required to reduce the tensions between parental and students’ school choic...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 31, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Social inequalities in child pedestrian traffic injuries: Differences in neighborhood built environments near schools in Austin, TX, USA
This study addresses these gaps by examining the impacts of the built environments on child pedestrian crashes around schools in Austin, Texas, USA. We use the binary logistic regression model with Firth's penalized likelihood method to estimate the impacts of built environments on child pedestrian crashes at the street segment level. This study finds that longer block lengths, missing sidewalks, crosswalk density, and commercial land uses around schools may hinder child pedestrian safety. Moreover, we find that socioeconomically disadvantaged children may have little to no protection against the risk of pedestrian crashes...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 30, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Modelling spatial access to General Practitioner surgeries: Does public transport availability matter?
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Gary Higgs, Renee Zahnow, Jonathan Corcoran, Mitchel Langford, Richard Fry Existing approaches investigating access to primary health care tend to use relatively crude measures that compare supply to demand ratios for administrative units or use GIS to calculate straight-line or network distances to the nearest facility. The latter however largely assume access is via private modes of transport. The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of different modes of travel (car versus bus) on associations between differ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 29, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Test-retest reliability and convergent validity of measures of children's travel behaviours and independent mobility
Conclusion With minor modifications, the child and parent mobility questionnaires can provide valid and reliable estimates of AT to/from a broad range of destinations and IM among English and French speaking grade 4–6 children. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 28, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Developing and validating an abbreviated version of the Microscale Audit for Pedestrian Streetscapes (MAPS-Abbreviated)
Conclusion MAPS-Abbreviated is a validated observational measure for use in research. The length and related cost of implementation has been cited as a barrier to use of microscale instruments, so availability of this shorter validated measure could lead to more widespread use of streetscape audits in health research. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 27, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Correlations between road crash mortality rate and distance to trauma centers
In this study, the data of Fatality Analysis Reporting System from 2010 to 2015 were adopted to quantify the relationship between the distance to trauma centers and the mortality of patients in fatal crashes. Utilizing the closest facility solver in the Geographic Information System, the distance from crash scene to trauma center was calculated, and the effects of trauma center on patients in fatal crashes and the difference between different levels of trauma center were examined using logistic regression. For all drivers in fatal crashes from 2010 to 2015, the results of logistic regression show that the mortality increas...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Evaluating health outcomes from vehicle emissions exposure in the long range regional transportation planning process
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Amir Poorfakhraei, Mohammad Tayarani, Gregory Rowangould The air quality impacts of a metropolitan region's long range transportation plans are generally evaluated by estimating the change in a region's vehicle emission inventory. A change in the overall quantity of vehicle emissions in a region is generally associated with lower concentrations of vehicle related air pollutants and therefore a reduction in public health risks from exposure to vehicle emissions. A major limitation of this common approach is that aggregate...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 24, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Latent analysis of Complete Streets and traffic safety along an urban corridor
Conclusions Typologies can be used to understand the combination of features and to prioritize locations for treatment. While Complete Streets may help counter pedestrian injury trends, the efforts captured in this data are insufficient for municipalities aiming for Vision Zero. Ideally, future research can examine these intersections after the implementation of additional improvements in order to isolate treatment effects. These findings suggest additional intersection countermeasures are needed, in addition to efforts to address social problems such as alcohol use and traffic safety. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 22, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Transport and health around the world
Publication date: March 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 4 Author(s): Jennifer S Mindell (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 19, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Accessibility mapping of health facilities in rural Ghana
Publication date: Available online 15 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Fauster Agbenyo, Abraham Marshall Nunbogu, Alfred Dongzagla Despite collaborative efforts by government, CSOs and the private sector in the provision of health facilities in Ghana, a substantial proportion of communities in rural Ghana still have poor accessibility to basic health services. Using a mixed approach, this paper presents an overview of geographic accessibility to health care services in Wa West District. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with randomly selected 100 households to ascertain their percep...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 15, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health and greenhouse gas mitigation benefits of ambitious expansion of cycling, walking, and transit in California
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Neil Maizlish, Nicholas J. Linesch, James Woodcock The purpose of this research was to quantify health co-benefits and carbon reductions of preferred scenarios of California regional transportation plans and alternatives with ambitious levels of active transport. The alternatives were designed to examine the efficacy of independent contributions of walking, bicycling, and transit at levels consistent with the U.S. Surgeon General recommendation for physical activity. Using data from travel and health surveys, vital stati...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 13, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The working conditions of motorcycle taxi drivers in Tl áhuac, Mexico City
This study seeks to describe the health and working conditions of motorcycle taxi drivers in the Tláhuac district (delegación) of Mexico City. It proceeds from the premise that a study of the labor process and its social organization make it possible to understand how workers live and think, and how the structures and systems that sustain their labor are maintained. To do so, we must explore the activities, risks, and demands that workers face and examine the relationship of these factors to their health. Workers were given a descriptive, exploratory questionnaire seeking data about them and their family and ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 10, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

How good is pedestrian fatality data?
Publication date: Available online 6 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Nicholas J. Klein, Robert B. Noland, James A. Sinclair, Charles Brown Accurate data on pedestrian fatalities is of upmost importance to public health officials, transportation planners, police, and policy-makers. It is used to make strategic decisions about when and where to invest scarce resources to reduce preventable deaths and improve safety for all modes. We analyzed data from one year of pedestrian deaths in New Jersey, the US state with the highest share of pedestrian deaths, and found the data unreliable and incon...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 7, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Health impacts of cycling in Dublin on individual cyclists and on the local population
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Ronan Doorley, Vikram Pakrashi, Bidisha Ghosh There is an emerging consensus that personal and societal health benefits in cycling largely outweigh the risks. However, there exists limited research into the health impacts experienced by individuals who take up cycling or the marginal societal benefits resulting from incremental uptake of cycling. This paper models and estimates the health impacts of individuals in Dublin taking up cycling. The paper utilizes the 2011 census data of Ireland and a Burden of Disease (BOD) ap...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 5, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

The Influence of crime on active & amp; sustainable travel: New geo-statistical methods and theories for understanding crime and mode choice
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Bruce S. Appleyard, Christopher E. Ferrell While several studies investigate the links between crime and travel behavior, little research examines the influence different types of crime or their location may have on active and sustainable travel choices. Furthermore, while travel is an inherently linear activity, most studies use coarse, zonal averages, likely missing key details important to pedestrians and bicyclists. In response, this study applies new geospatial measures and statistical methods to explore a number of ...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 3, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Investigating the influence of passing relief lane sections on safety and traffic performance
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Salvatore Cafiso, Carmelo D’Agostino, Mariusz Kiec As it is well known, one of the keys to improve traffic performance of two lane rural roads with high traffic volumes is to provide passing sections. However, providing a long segment in which the passing maneuver is allowed, is not always feasible, especially when suburban areas are considered. The retrofitting of some road sections by adding a passing relief lane can improve traffic performance by reducing platoons, driver delays and increasing speed. Nevertheless...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 3, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Road safety and the urban emergency medical service (uEMS): Strategy station location
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Marco Amorim, Sara Ferreira, António Couto This paper provides a methodology on how to contribute to road safety by improving the vehicle response of urban emergency medical services (uEMS) using road safety investments. The methodology embodies two steps. The first step includes a demand assessment through a model that calculates the frequency of urban emergency events and their priority in a spatial area per different population demographics and urban characteristics. These events are categorized by type, which w...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - May 3, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Investigating geospatial data usability from a health geography perspective using sensitivity analysis: The example of potential accessibility to primary healthcare
This study employs a sensitivity analysis approach to assess accessibility to GP surgeries in south Wales using proprietary and open sources of network data. Results suggest that there are significant differences between access scores derived from the use of networks which purport to portray the same features. Furthermore, the pattern of differences varies between urban and rural areas. Case studies are used to show that the actual representation of network-based features, often overlooked in previous research, can have important implications for the findings from such studies. We conclude by suggesting that the use of sen...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 29, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Area-level socio-economic disparities in active and sedentary transport: Investigating the role of population density in Australia
Publication date: Available online 29 April 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Takemi Sugiyama, Rachel Cole, Russell Thompson, Shannon Sahlqvist, Thiago Hérick de Sá, Alison Carver, Thomas Astell-Burt Physical inactivity is considered as a key factor that contributes to socio-economic inequalities in health, a persistent problem in our society. Living in areas of lower socio-economic status (SES) is known to be associated with lower levels of leisure-time physical activity. However, research examining the relationship between area-level SES and transport-related physical activity ha...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 29, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Autonomous vehicles: Developing a public health research agenda to frame the future of transportation policy
Publication date: Available online 26 April 2017 Source:Journal of Transport & Health Author(s): Travis J. Crayton, Benjamin Mason Meier Recent advancements in autonomous vehicle technology have led to projections that fully autonomous vehicles could define the transportation network within the coming years. In preparation for this disruptive innovation in transportation technology, transportation scholars have started to assess the potential impacts of autonomous vehicles, and transportation policymakers have started to formulate policy recommendations and regulatory guidance concerning their deployment. However,...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 27, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Cognitive-behavioral determinants of using helmet by motorcyclists in a rural community
Conclusions Perceived behavioral control and social norms can be influential in using the helmet in a traditional rural setting, which can be used in planning head injury prevention programs for motorcyclists in rural communities. (Source: Journal of Transport and Health)
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - April 26, 2017 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research