Disparities of HIV risk and PrEP use among transgender women of color in South Florida.
CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that education and public health campaigns in South Florida that promote HIV prevention should focus on increasing awareness and utilization of PrEP among racial/ethnic minority transgender, particularly among AA/NHB transgender women who are most at risk and had the lowest knowledge and use of PrEP. PMID: 31526532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - September 20, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Healthcare provider perceptions of disparities in perioperative care.
CONCLUSIONS: Physicians reported higher perceptions of disparities in perioperative care than non-physicians, potentially explained by differences in training or contact with patients. Such findings serve as a first step at examining and discussing disparities in perioperative care and warrant further study. PMID: 31431287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - August 23, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Smoking policies in the home have less influence on cigarettes per day and nicotine dependence level among African American than White smokers: A cross-sectional analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings extend the scientific literature by suggesting that a malleable environmental factor (home smoking policy) commonly associated with cessation among Whites does not have the same influence on cessation among African American. PMID: 31375277 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - August 5, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Breastfeeding for Primary Prevention of Stroke.
Authors: Boutrid N, Rahmoune H, Boutrid H Abstract A recent review by Zhang et al. published in the "Journal of the National Medical Association" focused on the major and emerging strategies for the prevention of stroke. We would highlight the evolving role of breastfeeding as an efficient intervention in primary prevention of such cardiovascular disease, including in black women. PMID: 31375278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - August 5, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Evaluation of an Enhanced Peer Mentoring Program on Scholarly Productivity and Promotion in Academic Emergency Medicine: A Five-Year Review.
CONCLUSIONS: This enhanced peer mentoring program was effective in mitigating many of the traditional mentoring challenges faced by faculty in academia and was successful in improving both academic productivity and advancement. PMID: 31351685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - July 30, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

A "Sense"-ational HPV Vaccination Quality Improvement Project in a Family Medicine Residency Practice.
A "Sense"-ational HPV Vaccination Quality Improvement Project in a Family Medicine Residency Practice. J Natl Med Assoc. 2019 Jul 05;: Authors: McGaffey A, Lombardo NP, Lamberton N, Klatt P, Siegel J, Middleton DB, Hughes K, Susick M, Lin CJ, Nowalk MP Abstract BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination uptake for adolescents and young adults in the United States remains far from national goals. Using a multi-component intervention aligned with community-wide efforts, we implemented a quality improvement project to increase HPV vaccinations among 9-26 year-old male and female patients...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - July 10, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

The Relationship between Racial Residential Segregation and Black-White Disparities in Fatal Police Shootings at the City Level, 2013-2017.
CONCLUSIONS: Racial residential segregation is a significant predictor of the magnitude of the Black-White disparity in fatal police shootings at the city level. Efforts to ameliorate the problem of fatal police violence must move beyond the individual level and consider the interaction between law enforcement officers and the neighborhoods that they police. PMID: 31256868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - July 3, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

How to expose scientific racism?
Authors: Lawson WB PMID: 31230633 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - June 26, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Black Women Do Rock.
Authors: Lubin-Johnson N PMID: 31230634 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - June 26, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Violence Exposure, Drug Use and HIV/AIDS Risk Taking Behaviors: The Role of Gender.
CONCLUSIONS: We identified the specific kinds of violence that are most likely to impact drug use and risky sexual behaviors that can leave one vulnerable to HIV and how these differ between women and men exposed to both childhood violence and community violence as an adult. Our findings point toward the need for trauma-informed programs that are tailored to gender. PMID: 31202486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - June 17, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Trends in In-hospital Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Mortality by Gender and Race/Ethnicity --1998-2015: Why Do the Differences Remain?
CONCLUSIONS: While considerable progress has been made reducing overall in-hospital CABG mortality over the past 18-years across all gender and racial/ethnic inpatients, significant gaps persist between black males and other racial/ethnic groups. PMID: 31174847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - June 10, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Racial Disparities in Adult Pneumococcal Vaccination Indications and Pneumococcal Hospitalizations in the U.S.
This study examined prevalence of high-risk conditions and pneumococcal hospitalizations among U.S. black and non-black populations aged ≥50 years. METHODS: National Health Interview Survey, National Center for Health Statistics and National Inpatient Sample data were used to create black and non-black population cohorts, determine risk factors for pneumococcal disease (pneumococcal vaccine indications) and assess the impact of pneumococcal hospitalization. Each racial cohort was segmented into groups based on the presence of immunocompromising or other pneumococcal high-risk conditions. Persons without those condit...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - June 7, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Open Letter to Editors of Journal of the National Medical Association from the Black Feminist Health Science Studies Collective.
Authors: Bailey M, Mobley IA, Charles N, Judd B, Agénor M, Gill TGR, Edu U, Miles AL, Dryden O, Harvey S, Schalk S, Peoples W, Benjamin R, Hammonds E, Rosenkrantz TBG, Roberts D, Weiss TGA, Washington H PMID: 31151695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - June 5, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

When Healthcare Providers do not Ask, Patients Rarely Tell: The Importance of Sexual Counselling in Multiple Sclerosis.
Authors: Calabrò RS Abstract Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a relatively frequent inflammatory autoimmune illness of the central nervous system affecting about 2.5 million people around the world, and represents the most common cause of neurological disability among young adults. Indeed, the disease can affect sensory-motor, autonomic and cognitive function potentially leading to a high prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD). Thus, the identification of barriers to help seeking for sexual concerns in patients with MS is an important, although still overlooked, issue. Aim of this overview is to briefly investigate...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - June 5, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Meaningful Patient Care Experiences for Minority Graduate School Students.
CONCLUSIONS: The clinical preceptorship linked academic knowledge with clinical skills and provided an avenue for learning about health disparities and patient advocacy for underserved patients. It also identified a need for increased exposure to underserved patient populations across medical specialties. PMID: 31147096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - June 2, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Generalized Vascular Dissection on Pathological Examination in a Patient With Polycystic Kidney Disease and Acute Aortic Dissection.
Authors: Haruta S, Gunji K, Kawamura T, Hiroshima K Abstract Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a multiple cystic disease involving both the kidneys. Some studies have reported cases of patients with PKD and concurrent aortic dissection; however, autopsy has been performed in only few of these cases. Here, we present the case of a 62-year-old male patient with PKD who showed generalized vascular degeneration, including aortic dissection. The patient had a family history of autosomal dominant PKD and was brought to our hospital because of cardiopulmonary arrest. He was diagnosed with Stanford type A aortic dissectio...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - June 2, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Principal Sources of Information African American Fathers Draw Upon to Inform their Sons about Sex and Sexual Health Risks.
Authors: Coakley TM, Randolph SD, Coard SI, Ritchwood TD Abstract BACKGROUND: While parent-child communication about sex is associated with safer sexual practices among African American youth, there is a noticeable gap in the representation of fathers' perspectives on talking with their sons about sexual and reproductive health. Moreover, less is known about the sources from which fathers seek information to inform such conversations. PURPOSE: To explore the sources of information used by African-American fathers that formulate the basis of conversations they have with their sons about sex and sexual health ris...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 28, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

The Effect of Flavonoids on Chronic Prostatitis: A Meta-analysis of Published Randomized Controlled Trials.
Authors: Guan Q, Zheng Y, Wei X, Wang S, Su B, Yu S Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of flavonoids on chronic prostatitis, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials was performed. METHODS: Through using subject word and random word, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched for related records up to July 2018. The response rate and National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) were used to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of the flavonoids. The Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions version was used to evaluate the quality o...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 28, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Visceral Adiposity Index Levels in Patients with Hypothyroidism" [J Natl Med Assoc 110 (6) (2018) 606-613].
Corrigendum to "Visceral Adiposity Index Levels in Patients with Hypothyroidism" [J Natl Med Assoc 110 (6) (2018) 606-613]. J Natl Med Assoc. 2019 May 24;: Authors: Pekgor S, Duran C, Kutlu R, Solak I, Pekgor A, Eryilmaz MA PMID: 31133327 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 28, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Black Light Smokers: How Nicotine Intake and Carcinogen Exposure Differ Across Various Biobehavioral Factors.
CONCLUSION: Among Black Light smokers, higher cigarette consumption and greater physical dependence-but not rate of nicotine metabolism, menthol use, or socioeconomic status-were associated with greater toxicant exposure and thus a likely increased risk of tobacco-related diseases. The lack of data on light smokers, and specifically on Blacks, make this observation important given the disproportionate burden of lung cancer in this population. PMID: 31084916 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 17, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Human Factors Evaluation of the Universal Anaesthesia Machine: Assessing Equipment with High-Fidelity Simulation Prior to Deployment in a Resource-Constrained Environment.
CONCLUSIONS: The UAM® design addresses many of the key challenges facing anesthesia providers in resource-constrained settings. The simulation-based human factors evaluation described here successfully identified opportunities for continued refinement of the initial device design as well as issues to be addressed in future curricula and cognitive aides. PMID: 31078287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 14, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Racial Disparities with Esophageal Cancer Mortality at a High-Volume University Affiliated Center: An All ACCESS Invitation.
Authors: Renelus BD, Jamorabo DS, Kancharla P, Paul S, Dave N, Briggs WM, Peterson SJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer (EC) has a dismal prognosis with 5-year survival 
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 11, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Compassionate Care in Healthcare Systems: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Although compassionate care has been known as the main element of improving services quality in health care system, it has been studied restrictively from the viewpoints of the patients and all personnel in healthcare systems. The improvement of compassionate care through education cannot remove completely the gap between theory and practice, because it seems that clinical environment and organizational values of healthcare system are the largest facilitating and inhibiting factors for filling this gap. Therefore, it is necessary to take measures for promoting organizational culture. PMID: 31060872 [PubMed...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Quality of Life Within Three Months After Stroke: A Study in the City of Arak, Iran.
CONCLUSION: It was concluded that being older, having higher NIHSS score, suffering from hypertension, right side lesion and previous stroke could be significantly correlated with poor patients' QoL. Therefore, effective interventions focusing on older individuals especially those with more severe impairments were assumed to help in improving post-stroke QoL in patients; regardless of their gender, level of education, and social activities. PMID: 31060873 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Being an MD is not protective.
Authors: Lawson WB PMID: 31056195 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 7, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

From to SNMA to NMA: Continuing the Pipeline of Physicians for the Sake of African American Health: Invited message by Dr. Lubin-Johnson President of NMA.
Authors: Felix G PMID: 31056196 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 7, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Unequal Rates of Serious Perioperative Respiratory Adverse Events Between Black and White Children.
Authors: Nafiu OO, Owusu-Bediako K, Chimbira WT Abstract BACKGROUND: Recent data among pediatric otolaryngology patients showed unexplained higher rates of serious perioperative respiratory adverse events (PRAE) in black children compared to their white peers. We evaluated whether preoperative respiratory comorbidity (PRC) burden contributes to racial disparity in serious PRAE in children undergoing non-otolaryngologic procedures. METHODS: Rates of serious PRAE (laryngospasm and/or bronchospasm) were compared across racial groups in a retrospective cohort of black and white children (N = 18538; black ...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - April 21, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Black Fathers' Preferences for Sexual Health Interventions with their Adolescent Sons.
Authors: Randolph SD, Cary MP, Johnson R, Gonzalez-Guarda RM PMID: 30955854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - April 10, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

"Girl, just pray …": Factors That Influence Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening Among Black Women in Rochester, MN.
CONCLUSION: Black women face real and perceived barriers to cancer screening even where health resources are abundant. Results reiterate an on going need for culturally appropriate interventions to improve Black women's breast and cervical cancer screening participation by minimizing barriers and engaging entire communities - including Black women, religious leaders, and health care providers. PMID: 30935680 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - April 4, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Reducing Reliance on Test Scores Reduces Racial Bias in Neurology Residency Recruitment.
CONCLUSIONS: A comprehensive review of applications that minimizes emphasis on USMLE step 1 scores substantially reduced the difference between the percentages of URMs and those of other racial backgrounds who were offered interviews for a Neurology residency. PMID: 30935681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - April 4, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Intra-Scleral Ciliary Sulcus Suprachoroidal Microtube: Making Supraciliary Glaucoma Surgery Affordable.
CONCLUSION: This new technique of Intrascleral Ciliary Sulcus-Suprachoroidal Microtube in all four patients with mild, moderate, and advanced glaucoma demonstrated a significant lowering of IOP and a decrease in the number of medications. Further research is required to assess long term efficacy and safety. PMID: 30926218 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - April 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

A Multi-faceted Intervention Aimed at Black-White Disparities in the Treatment of Early Stage Cancers: The ACCURE Pragmatic Quality Improvement trial.
Authors: Cykert S, Eng E, Manning MA, Robertson LB, Heron DE, Jones NS, Schaal JC, Lightfoot A, Zhou H, Yongue C, Gizlice Z Abstract BACKGROUND: Reports continue to show that Blacks with curable lung or breast cancer complete treatment less often than similar Whites contributing to worse survival. ACCURE is an intervention trial designed to address this problem. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A pragmatic, quality improvement trial comparing an intervention group to retrospective and concurrent controls. Patients with early stage breast or lung cancer aged 18 to 85 were enrolled (N = 302) at 2 cancer centers be...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - April 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Extended Risk Factors for Stroke Prevention.
Authors: Zhang S, Zhang W, Zhou G Abstract Stroke causes disability and high mortality, while it can be prevented by increasing public awareness of risk factors. The common known risk factors are hypertension, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, smoking, alcohol consumption, low physical activity, overweight and hypercholesterolemia. However, the deep understanding of risk factors is limited. Moreover, more risk factor emerges in recent years. To further increase the awareness of risk factors for stroke prevention, this review indicates the reasonable application of antihypertensive agents according to the age-depe...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - March 18, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Driving Miss Evers' Boys to the Historical Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis.
Authors: White RM Abstract The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis (TSUS) intersects racial and research ethics discourse in medicine and public health. Miss Evers' Boys is a fictionalized play of the 40-year TSUS. In 2016, the Cultural Programs of the National Academy of Sciences and the Shakespeare Theatre Company in Washington, DC co-sponsored a reading of the play at the National Academy of Sciences Auditorium. Ethics instructors and students, who may use the play for research training and professional development, may lack awareness of a pattern of deviations from the TSUS historical record. This may compromi...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - March 12, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

J. Marion Sims, MD: Why He and His Accomplishments Need to Continue to be Recognized a Commentary and Historical Review.
This article argues that Sims's work needs to be understood in a broader historical context and within the broader framework of other forms of human experimentation that took place in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. There is a strong argument that recent attempts to remove Sims from history also have the unintended consequence of removing the contributions of not only the Black slave women who were his subjects in the development of modern obstetrical medicine, but the important role Blacks played in the development of other medical procedures. PMID: 30851980 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - March 11, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Programs for Cesarean Delivery Can Potentially Reduce Healthcare and Racial Disparities.
Authors: White RS, Matthews KC, Tangel V, Abramovitz S PMID: 30808520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - March 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

A Stochastic Model of Consensus Reaching in Committee Decisions for Faculty Advancement, Promotion and Tenure: Does Diversity Matter?
CONCLUSIONS: While there was not enough statistical power to measure intragroup differences, the model shows promise in illuminating how individual perceptions, committee composition and group dynamics sway consensus reaching. The model also suggests that social research, community engagement and diversity work do not carry the same weight as traditional scholarship, impacting the career trajectory of minority scholars. The model can be used to evaluate bias not only in academic promotions but also in admissions, hiring and grant review. This will allow improved methods and processes for equitable academic performance revi...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 25, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

African-Americans with End Stage Renal Disease in the Early Years of Kidney Transplantation.
DISCUSSION: An extensive search of the medical literature found very few papers about ESRD, dialysis, or renal transplant that mentioned the race of the patients before 1975. While the search did not reveal whether race was explicitly used in determining patient access to dialysis or transplant, the scant data that exist show that African-Americans disproportionately developed ESRD and were underrepresented in these early treatment populations. Transplant outcome data in the United States failed to include race demographics until the late 1970s. The Social Security Act of 1972 (PL 92-603) extended Medicare coverage to almo...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 21, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Exploring skin color and black-white differences in trust in physicians in a cross-sectional study of U.S. adults.
CONCLUSION: Aggregating trust items and relying on only self-reported race may produce false conclusions about a lack of racial differences. Skin color is associated with complex concerns about physicians withholding treatment, which may reduce shared decision-making and treatment adherence. Skin color should be tracked to better capture health care experiences and population health. PMID: 30777382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 21, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

The Same Result.
Authors: Lawson WB PMID: 30770078 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 18, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

President's Message.
Authors: PMID: 30770079 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 18, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Diversity improves performance and outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Diversity can help organizations improve both patient care quality and financial results. Return on investments in diversity can be maximized when guided deliberately by existing evidence. Future studies set in the healthcare industry, will help leaders better estimate diversity-related benefits in the context of improved health outcomes, productivity and revenue streams, as well as the most efficient paths to achieve these goals. PMID: 30765101 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 16, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Review of the Captain America Graphic Novel 'TRUTH: Red, White and Black' Focusing on Parallels with the Infamous USPHS Syphilis Study at Tuskegee.
Authors: Batbold S, Ellis R, Katz RV, Warren RC Abstract This review presents the first detailed presentation of the parallelism between the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the Captain America graphic novel 'TRUTH: Red, White and Black', published as a graphic novel by Marvel Comics in 2004 as a paperback, and then in 2009 as a hardcover. First written, published and distributed monthly in 2003 as pre-sequel seven comic book series to tell the story of the origins of the WWII superhero Captain America. In 2003, Marvel Comics chose to tell a 'very dark story' to explain the origins of Captain America, a half century aft...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 12, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

The Growing Use of Virtual Reality in Cognitive Rehabilitation: Fact, Fake or Vision? A Scoping Review.
CONCLUSIONS: This review supports the idea that rehabilitation through new VR tools could positively affect neurological patients' outcomes, by boosting motivation and participation so to get a better response to treatment. In particular, VR can be used to enhance the effects of conventional therapies, promoting longer training sessions and a reduction in overall hospitalization time. PMID: 30739728 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 12, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Urban Minority Community Safety and its Impact on Physical Activity: The Center for Promoting Health and Health Equity-Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (CPHHE-REACH) Initiative.
CONCLUSION: Community partnerships had a positive impact on motivating individuals to live healthier lifestyles. An interesting concept was that of community efficacy, which reflects the community's confidence in its ability to generate behavioral changes in individuals. PMID: 30711288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 5, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Prevalence of Parvovirus B19 Infection by Serology and PCR in Pregnant Women Referring to Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic.
CONCLUSION: Based on the findings of this study, prevalence of acute Parvovirus B19 infection was 0 and 2% based on Real-Time PCR and IgM tests, respectively. About 40% of pregnant women had experienced infection with this virus before. PMID: 30712919 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - February 5, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Aortic Stenosis in African Americans: Focus On Disparities in Treatment and Outcomes.
Authors: Chinta VR, Maddika SR, Abader P, Elbeblawy R, Jagdish PS, Ashraf U, Vallurupalli S, Ibebuogu UN, Khouzam RN Abstract Aortic stenosis (AS) is the third most common type of cardiovascular disease after hypertension and coronary artery disease, and it carries a high mortality rate when left untreated. Risk factors include male sex, hypertension, tobacco use, advanced age, elevated LDL cholesterol, and coronary atherosclerosis. Definitive treatment for AS includes valve repair, either percutaneously or surgically; however, in aging populations corrective surgery carries increased risk. While research suggests ...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - December 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Osteogenic Potential of Porous Titanium. An Experimental Study in Sheep.
CONCLUSION: Porous titanium can offer as an effective alternative to calcium phosphate and bone collagen-based materials used for subantral augmentation of the maxillary bone in cases of dental implantation. PMID: 30583951 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - December 27, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Association Between Executive Dysfunction and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living: Racial and Ethnic Differences Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in the Southeastern US.
Authors: Garrett SL, Kennedy RE, Sawyer P, Williams CP, Brown CJ, Allman RM Abstract OBJECTIVE: Examining cultural differences in assessment of cognitive/functional disability among older Americans is needed. This analysis examined associations between day-to-day function, measured by activities of daily living (ADL), and cognition, measured by CLOX scores, among older African American (AA) and non-Hispanic White (nHW) community-dwelling women and men. METHODS: Design- Cross-sectional. SETTING: Homes of community-dwelling older adults. Participants- 893 Medicare beneficiaries>65 living in west-central Al...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - December 13, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Strengthening the postpartum transition of care to address racial disparities in maternal health.
Authors: Essien UR, Molina RL, Lasser KE Abstract Maternal morbidity and mortality, important indicators of healthcare quality both nationally and internationally, have gained increasing public attention in the United States (U.S.). The U.S. has the highest rate of maternal mortality among high-income countries; notably, this rate has more than doubled since 1990. Black women in the U.S. die at three to four times the rate of white women from pregnancy-related complications, one of the widest of all racial disparities in women's health. Medical complications, including cardiovascular disease and hypertensive disord...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - December 9, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research