Cholinesterase Inhibitors and Behavioral & Psychological Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease.
CONCLUSION: The total off NPI score between the ChEI+ and ChEI- groups were not different, but there were report the trends toward lower depression severity score, aggression/agitation distress score, and antipsychotic dosages use in the ChEI+. PMID: 27396229 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 22, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Henoch-Sch önlein without Purpura: A Case Report and Review Literature.
This report emphasizes that patients with HSP may not always show visible purpura, and the diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. GI endoscopy and renal biopsy may be helpful for the diagnosis in selected patients presenting with atypical presentations. PMID: 27396230 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 22, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Obstetrics and Neonatal Outcomes of Teenage Pregnancy in Naresuan University Hospital.
Authors: Narukhutrpichai P, Khrutmuang D, Chattrapiban T Abstract OBJECTIVE: It is evident that the incidence of teenage pregnancy has been increasing in the past decades and consequently poses significant problems on maternal and child health. The present study was aimed to compare obstetric and neonatal outcomes between teenage and non-teenage pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to investigate 957 singleton pregnant women attending labor rooms in Naresuan University Hospital between October 2006 and September 2013 by comparing the pregnancy outcomes of 268 teenage pregna...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Accuracy of ICD-10 Coding System for Identifying Comorbidities and Infectious Conditions Using Data from a Thai University Hospital Administrative Database.
CONCLUSION: The ICD-10 coding algorithm is reliable only in some selected conditions, including underlying diabetes mellitus and HIV infection. Combining microbiological results with ICD-10 codes increased sensitivity of ICD-10 codes for identifying BSI. Future research is needed to improve the accuracy of hospital administrative coding system in Thailand. PMID: 27396219 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Incidence and Predictors of Long-Term Adverse Outcomes in Patients with Rheumatic Mitral Stenosis in Sinus Rhythm.
CONCLUSION: Long-term adverse outcomes are common in patients with rheumatic MS in sinus rhythm. Long-term adverse outcomes were found to correlate with left atrial dimension and left ventricular end-systolic dimension. PMID: 27396220 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Prevalence and Outcome of Disseminated Varicella Zoster Infection Post Kidney Transplantation.
CONCLUSION: Incidence of D-VZV post KT was low. Treatments with intravenous acyclovir and reduction of immunosuppression without the use of VZV IgG provided favorable outcome in resource-limited settings. PMID: 27396221 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Relationship between Body Composition and Clinical Parameters in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Authors: Pothirat C, Chaiwong W, Phetsuk N, Liwsrisakun C, Bumroongkit C, Deesomchok A, Theerakittikul T, Limsukon A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Identify a correlation between body mass index (BMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) to clinical parameters in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The cross-sectional study was conducted at a single visit involving stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients at the outpatient chest clinic of the Chiang Mai University Hospital, Thailand. Eligible patients were evaluated for BMI, FFMI, lung function, modified medical research council (mMRC...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Accuracy of a New Stress Radiographic Device in Diagnosing Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear.
CONCLUSION: The new stress radiographic device is reliable and reproducible in diagnosis of complete rupture of anterior cruciate ligament. PMID: 27396223 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Prophylactic Low-Dose Ketamine to Prevent Post Anesthetic Shivering in Orthopedic Surgery: A Randomized-Controlled Study.
Authors: Petskul S, Kitsiripant C, Rujirojindakul P, Chantarokorn A, Jullabunyasit A, Thinchana S Abstract OBJECTIVE: Post anesthetic shivering is one of the most common anesthesia complications. We compared the efficacy of low-dose ketamine with normal saline in preventing post anesthetic shivering in orthopedic surgery. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The present study was a prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial involving 183 ASA I-II patients, aged 18 to 65 years whom underwent orthopedic surgery with general anesthesia. The patients were randomly allocated to receive either ketamine 0.25 mg/...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Epidemiology, Clinical Characteristics, Sites of Infection and Treatment Outcomes of Mucocutaneous Candidiasis Caused by Non-Albicans Species of Candida at a Dermatologic Clinic.
Authors: Leeyaphan C, Bunyaratavej S, Foongladda S, Rujitharanawong C, Maneeprasopchoke P, Surawan T, Muanprasat C, Matthapan L Abstract BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of mucocutaneous infection due to non-albicans species of Candida (N-CA) had been reported. Laboratory based studies showed multidrug resistance in N-CA population. OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate epidemiology, clinical characteristics, sites of infection, and treatment outcomes of mucocutaneous candidiasis caused by N-CA at a dermatologic clinic, including statistical evaluation data between N-CA and C. albicans infections. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This ...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Pathergy Test: The Comparison of Clinical vs. Histopathological Evaluation.
CONCLUSION: Our results showed that the histopathological evaluation of pathergy test helped to improve the accuracy and sensitivity, but the specificity was low. We suggest the use of histological evaluation of the pathergy test in cases where Behcet's disease is highly suspected especially in areas where the disease is uncommon. PMID: 27396226 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Prevalence of Cutaneous Bacterial Colonization in Thai Patients with Psoriasis.
CONCLUSION: Similar to findings from Caucasian psoriasis patients, Firmicutes spp. was found to be the most common phyla colonizing the skin of Asian psoriasis patients. Streptococcus spp. was found to colonize only the skin. Further studies are needed to determine the clinical significance of streptococcal skin colonization in psoriasis patients. PMID: 27396227 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Outcome of Radiofrequency Ablation of Metastatic Liver Tumors.
CONCLUSION: Radiofrequency ablation is effective and feasible method to treat small metastatic liver tumor Tumor size larger than 3 cm is significant risk factor of residual tumor. Tumor in high-risk location is not associated either incomplete ablation or local tumor recurrence. PMID: 27396228 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Cholinesterase Inhibitors and Behavioral & Psychological Symptoms of Alzheimer's Disease.
CONCLUSION: The total off NPI score between the ChEI+ and ChEI- groups were not different, but there were report the trends toward lower depression severity score, aggression/agitation distress score, and antipsychotic dosages use in the ChEI+. PMID: 27396229 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Henoch-Schönlein without Purpura: A Case Report and Review Literature.
This report emphasizes that patients with HSP may not always show visible purpura, and the diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. GI endoscopy and renal biopsy may be helpful for the diagnosis in selected patients presenting with atypical presentations. PMID: 27396230 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Effect of English Language on Multiple Choice Question Scores of Thai Medical Students.
Authors: Phisalprapa P, Muangkaew W, Assanasen J, Kunavisarut T, Thongngarm T, Ruchutrakool T, Kobwanthanakun S, Dejsomritrutai W Abstract BACKGROUND: Universities in Thailand are preparing for Thailand's integration into the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) by increasing the number of tests in English language. English language is not the native language of Thailand Differences in English language proficiency may affect scores among test-takers, even when subject knowledge among test-takers is comparable and may falsely represent the knowledge level of the test-taker. OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of English la...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - July 14, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Optimal Cut-Points for Weight and Non-Weight Quantitative Ultrasound of the Calcaneus to Screen Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women.
CONCLUSION: QUS of the calcaneus was acceptable and promising to be alternative tool for screening osteoporosis in postmenopausal woman age older than 65 years by the optimal cut-point of stiffness index T-score at ≤ -2.6 measured in standard position or non-weight method. PMID: 27276734 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics of Histoplasmosis in Siriraj Hospital.
CONCLUSION: PDH is the most common syndrome of histoplasmosis in Siriraj Hospital. Skin and bone marrow study are the most useful investigations for diagnosis. Effective treatment includes amphotericin B, followed by oral itraconazole. PMID: 27276735 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Clinical Significance of Bone Marrow Involvement as Confirmed by Bone Marrow Aspiration vs. Bone Marrow Biopsy in Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma.
CONCLUSION: In patients with DLBCL, BM involvement confirmed by either BM biopsy or BM aspiration appears not to influence the rate of complete remission or 2-year overall survival. PMID: 27276736 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Antibiotic Use and Antimicrobial Resistance in Selected Communities in Thailand.
CONCLUSION: Antibiotics are widely available and are inappropriately sold and given by grocery stores and retail shops located within local communities in Thailand. Antibiotic-resistant bacteria commonly and freely circulate within the community. Patients with URI and acute diarrhea with no indication for antibiotic therapy can be treated without antibiotics. Findings and observations from this study will be used as part of a social marketing campaign on prevention and containment of AMR to educate people living within communities in Thailand. PMID: 27276737 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Associa...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Impact of GLI-2012 Spirometric References and Lower Limit of Normal on Prevalence of COPD in Older Urban Thai Persons.
Authors: Dejsomritrutai W, Chuaychoo B Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous analysis of survey data from a study in older urban Thai persons reported prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of 7.11% according to formerly recommended criteria that used fixed ratio (70%) of pre-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC as the cut-off value. In 2012, the Global Lung Initiative (GLI)-2012 equations for spirometric reference were established and the diagnostic criteria for COPD were changed. OBJECTIVE: To reanalyze the data collected during the 2002 respiratory health survey to determine prevalence of COPD in older urban ...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Impact of Isomaltulose and Sucrose Based Breakfasts on Postprandial Substrate Oxidation and Glycemic/Insulinemic Changes in Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Subjects.
CONCLUSION: Therefore, ISO based breakfast tends to provide less postprandial glucose and insulin levels than SUC based breakfast, thereby increasing postprandial fat oxidation. PMID: 27276739 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Lupus Damage and Waist Circumference as the Independent Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in SLE Patients from Phramongkutklao Hospital.
CONCLUSION: Lupus damage, waist circumference more than 90 centimeters in male or more than 80 centimeters in female were the independent risk factors for CVD in SLE patients. PMID: 27276740 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Monitoring of Effectiveness and Safety of Colistin for Therapy in Resistant Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections in Hospitalized Patients at Siriraj Hospital.
CONCLUSION: Colistin remains the principal antibiotic in carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections. Colistin's effectiveness and safety is still rated as moderate for therapy in difficult-to-treat resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections. PMID: 27276741 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Moringa Oleifera Leaf Increases Insulin Secretion after Single Dose Administration: A Preliminary Study in Healthy Subjects.
CONCLUSION: We concluded that high-dose (4 g) MO leaf powder capsules significantly increased insulin secretion in healthy subjects. These results suggest that MO leaf may be a potential agent in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Further studies of MO in patients with T2DM are needed. PMID: 27276742 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Low Sleeping Time, High TV Viewing Time, and Physical Inactivity in School Are Risk Factors for Obesity in Pre-Adolescent Thai Children.
CONCLUSION: The study showed that physical activity during break time in school, sleep duration, and hours of TV viewing were associated with obesity in pre-adolescent Thai children. It is important to note that activity score was not associated with obesity. One of the most important benefits to be physically active in childhood is the potential to maintain this behavior into adulthood. Therefore, programs that encourage healthy behaviors and address these modifiable risk factors should be incorporated in the school curriculum. PMID: 27276743 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailan...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Severe Enteroviral Infections in Children.
CONCLUSION: The major pathogens of severe disease were EV71 and CA16. High-risk factors significantly related to severe enterovirus infection in both univariate and multivariate analyses were absence of oral lesions, seizures, and drowsiness/lethargy. Early recognition of children at risk and prompt treatment is important to mitigate the deterioration of patients with enterovirus infection. PMID: 27276744 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Correlation between Serum SCCA and CYFRA 2 1-1, Tissue Ki-67, and Clinicopathological Factors in Patients with Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
CONCLUSION: The authors showed that Ki-67 in tumor tissue is probably a more reliable marker than serum SCCA and CYFRA 21-1 in predicting the clinical course of ESCC. PMID: 27276745 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

DCE-MRI-Derived Parameters as Predictors of Response to Neo-Adjuvant Chemoradiation Treatment of Rectal Carcinoma.
CONCLUSION: Changes in the tumor thickness and length evaluated by conventional MRI and the time to peak evaluated by DCE-MRI during CRT may be useful for predicting the treatment response of rectal cancer patients. PMID: 27276746 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy in Patients with Systemic Sclerosis.
CONCLUSION: MLN was prevalent in patients with SSc. The pulmonary fibrosis score was an independent factor associated with MLN. PMID: 27276747 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Non-insulinoma Pancreatogeneous Hypoglycemia Syndrome with False-Positive Somatostatin Receptor Scintigraphy: A Case Report and Review of Literature.
This report emphasizes that SSRS can give false positive result in NIPHS. PMID: 27276748 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Prevalence and Related Factors of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Used in Thai Breast Cancer Patients.
CONCLUSION: The results have shown that most Thai breast cancer patients used CAM for the treatment of their breast cancer and had used CAM after being diagnosed with breast cancer Healthcare providers should recognize and provide pros and cons to patients and their family if CAM were used during breast cancer treatment. PMID: 27276826 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Abnormal Semen in Male Partners of Infertile Couples at HRH Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center.
CONCLUSION: Male factor infertility shares a pivotal role in infertile couples. Combine abnormal sperm motility and morphology group was very common. Further studies need to be carried out to explore the cause of this abnormality. PMID: 27276827 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Occupational Risk Factors of Lymphohematopoietic Cancer in Rayong Province, Thailand.
CONCLUSION: Occupational exposure to pesticides and smoke were important occupational risks in developing LHC in Rayong province. However, the ability or power to detect this problem due to the small sample size and recall bias from the study design could not be excluded. PMID: 27276828 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Effects of Long-Term Alpha-mangostin Supplementation on Hyperglycemia and Insulin Resistance in Type 2 Diabetic Rats Induced by High Fat Diet and Low Dose Streptozotocin.
Authors: Mekseepralard C, Areebambud C, Suksamrarn S, Jariyapongskul A Abstract OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the effects of long-term supplementation of alpha-mangostin (MG; a xanthone isolated from mangosteen fruit) on hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic rats. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Type 2 diabetes (DM2) was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats by feeding high fat diet for three weeks followed by an IP injection of low dose streptozotocin. The rats were divided into four groups: control and diabetes without or with alpha-MG supplementation (CON, DM2, CON-MG and DM2-MG group, resp...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Extracted Anaxagorea luzonensis A. Gray Restored Impairment of Endothelium-Dependent Vasorelaxation Induced by Homocysteine Thiolactone in Rat Aortic Rings.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that HTL-induced impairment of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation may occur via decreased NO release, and generation of oxygen free radical. This study first shows that enhancement of TxA₂ production via COX-1 pathway is involved in HTL-induced endothelial dysfunctions. The protective effects of AL on impairment of relaxation by HTL may be related to increasing NO production and sulfhydryl-dependent. PMID: 27276830 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Level of Confidence in the 12 Roles of Medical Teacher. A Descriptive Study at Faculty of Medicine, Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand.
CONCLUSION: The future faculty development programs should aim towards supporting self-evaluation of teaching, mentoring as well as promoting facilitative roles of the teacher Retention of faculty members at the institution is also important as the teaching experience significantly correlate with confidence in the teacher roles. PMID: 27276831 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Treatment of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation.
Authors: Makruasi N Abstract Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a syndrome characterized by systemic activation of blood coagulation, generation of thrombin, and leading to disturbance of the microvasculature. In this article, definition and diagnostic criteria of DIC depend on the International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH). There is no gold standard for diagnosis of DIC, only low quality evidence is used in general practice. Many diagnostic tests and repeated measurement are required. For the treatment of DIC, there is no good quality evidence. The most important treatment for DIC is t...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Effect of Short-Term Oral Administration of Phikud Navakot in Rats.
Authors: Nusuetrong P, Gerdprasert O, Wetchasit P, Nakchat O, Sotanaphun U Abstract BACKGROUND: Phikud Navakot (PN), composed of nine herbs and used as a main component of Yahom Navakot, is used in traditional Thai medicine against dizziness and fainting. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of PN on blood pressure, heart rate (HR), and antioxidant properties on male Sprague Dawley rats. MATERIAL AND METHOD: All rats were weighted everyday in the morning, after that, PN (10, 50, 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg BW) were given oroesophageal feeding for seven days. Systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressu...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Variations of the Double Eyelid and the Upper Tarsus in Asians.
CONCLUSION: Variations of double eyelids and tarsus morphology were present among Asians. Ethnic differences should be accounted for when performing aesthetic blepharoplasty as to maintain a natural ethnic appearance. PMID: 27276834 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Diabetes Mellitus Treated with Medical Nutritional Therapy and Self Blood Glucose Monitoring: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Authors: Ngaosuwan K, Osataphan S Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of Medical Nutritional Therapy (MNT) combined with self blood glucose monitoring (SBGM) in the clinical outcomes of patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on patients with uncontrolled, not-using insulin type 2 diabetes at Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center Sixty patients were recruited and randomized equally into intervention group (MNT with SBGM) and control group (usual care). The primary endpoint was improvement of hemoglobin A₁c (HbA₁c) at 12...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Microvasculature Improvement of Heart in Diabetic Rat with Curcumin Supplementation.
CONCLUSION: Efficiency of curcumin treatment beneficially repaired and recovered heart microvascular diabetic complications. This evidence suggests that potential anti-diabetic effect of curcumin is meaningful about the ongoing therapeutic consequences, owing to the improvement and recovery of heart blood vessels. PMID: 27276836 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Posterolateral Rotatory Apprehension Test in Tennis Elbow.
CONCLUSION: A result from posterolateral rotatory apprehension test should be negative in general tennis elbow patients. If this test is used in a tennis elbow patients who are suspected with hidden instability and the result is positive, further evaluation is strongly suggested. PMID: 27276837 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Metabolic Syndrome in Obese Thai Children: Defined Using Modified 'The National Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III' Criteria.
Authors: Rerksuppaphol S, Rerksuppaphol L Abstract BACKGROUND: Obesity is considered to be a risk of metabolic syndrome; however, data on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Thai obese children are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Thai obese children. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 113 obese children who were students of a public elementary school in Ongkharak district, Thailand, in 2013. Anthropometric data, blood pressure and biochemical parameters were measured. Metabolic syndrome was defined using modified '...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Demographics, Management Practices and In-Hospital Outcomes: Results from the HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center Acute Coronary Syndrome Registry.
CONCLUSION: This registry provided a detail of demographics, management practices, and in hospital outcomes of ACS patients. Door-to-needle time and door-to-balloon time were considered as suboptimal. In-hospital mortality was higher than the latest national average. Patient delay should be improved by giving more education to the general public and concerted effort to improve in-hospital time delay is warranted. These data have an impact on our patient care system and alert our team to improve patient care. PMID: 27276839 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Neurovascular Complications in Forty-Nine Cases Elbow Arthroscopy and Review Literatures.
CONCLUSION: Elbow arthroscopic surgery is considered a safe operation, because only one minor neurological complication was observed and no major neurovascular complications were detected. PMID: 27276840 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Pilot Study of the Effect of Meditation to the Serum Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) of Medical Students, Srinakharinvirot University.
CONCLUSION: The levels of blood BDNF decreases slightly after practising meditation. We plan to investigate the reason in the future. PMID: 27276841 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Effects of Single-Dose Preoperative Intravenous Dexamethasone on Clinical Outcome after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy.
CONCLUSION: Single-dose preoperative dexamethasone 8 mg 60-90 minute before induction of anesthesia improved clinical outcome in terms of significantly less nausea, vomiting, pain at first 6 hours and less inflammatory response after laparoscopic cholecystectomy compared to placebo. The preoperative dexamethasone should be used as routine in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID: 27276842 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Xanthones Isolated from the Pericarp of Mangosteen Inhibit Neurotransmitter Receptors Expressed in Xenopus Oocytes.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that each xanthone derivatives has different selectivity to different types of neurotransmitter receptors. PMID: 27276843 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Lack of Association between IL-10 Gene Promoter Polymorphisms and Susceptible to Tuberculosis in Thai Patients.
CONCLUSION: The lack of association between common IL-10 promoter polymorphisms and TB susceptibility in this study may provide clue for better understanding of IL-10-1087A/G -819C/T -252C/A polymorphism and TB susceptibility in Thai population, which might facilitate the rationale design of vaccines. However further studies in large scales population are required for confirmation. PMID: 27276844 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 11, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research