A 3-Years-Follow-Up Study of the Effect of the Weight Control Program on KAP and Behavior among Overweight and Obese School Children in Nonthaburi Province.
Conclusion: The behavior change program resulted in 42% weight control. The present study found that sustained behavior and significant factors were personal factor (interest to control weight), behavioral factor about food consumption, and parental factors of older age, more chronic illness, higher education, better knowledge on food consumption and physical activities, and better attitude. PMID: 29947485 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Delayed Therapeutic Response Time Predicts Renal Damage in the First Episode of Febrile Urinary Tract Infection.
Conclusion: TRT at or more than 22 hours predicts renal damage after first episode of UTI. In patients with no VUR, TRT at or more than 25 hours predicts renal damage. DMSA renal scintigraphy in the first episode of UTI should be considered in these patients. PMID: 29947486 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Intraperitoneal Bupivacaine in Reducing Postoperative Morphine Used among Total Abdominal Hysterectomy Patients at Phramongkutklao Hospital.
Conclusion: Administration of intraperitoneal and incisional 0.25% bupivacaine at the completion of total abdominal hysterectomy produced a significant reduction in 24-hour postoperative morphine used without adverse effect. PMID: 29947487 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Clinical Outcomes of Community-Acquired Severe Sepsis after Implementation of a Simple Severe Sepsis Fast Track.
Conclusion: Early recognition and early resuscitation in case of severe sepsis and septic shock can reduce mortality. A simple severe sepsis and septic shock fast track should be implemented in all community hospitals. It is a simple clinical diagnosis with simple management that is possible in every community hospital before transfer to a secondary or tertiary care hospital. PMID: 29947488 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Development of Sleep Questionnaires Thai Version (ESS, SA-SDQ, and PSQI): Linguistic Validation, Reliability Analysis and Cut-Off Level to Determine Sleep Related Problems in Thai Population.
Conclusion: Sleep disorder questionnaires including ESS, SA-SDQ, and PSQI were translated into Thai with high validity, reliability, and accuracy. PMID: 29947496 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Unrecognized Delirium is Prevalent among Older Patients Admitted to General Medical Wards and Lead to Higher Mortality Rate.
Conclusion: Rate of unrecognized delirium by healthcare providers in this study was high, but comparable to previous studies. Moreover, under-recognition of delirium was found to lead to higher mortality. Routine screening for delirium and implementation of a proactive care plan by nurses for older patients admitted to general medical wards might be a strategy for improving this common and preventable medical condition and for lowering delirium-related mortality rates. PMID: 29947497 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Serum Lactate Levels as a Prognostic Predictor of Septic Shock in Emergency Department Patients with Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) at Songklanagarind Hospital.
Conclusion: For patients presenting to the emergency department with clinical symptoms of SIRS, a single serum venous lactate level measurement of greater than 36 mg/dL provides valuable prognostic predictor information concerning the high-risk group likely to progress to septic shock, more serious disease severity, and death. PMID: 29947498 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

A Ten to Thirteen Years Follow-up and Survivorship Study Cemented Low Contact Stress (LCS) Total Knee Replacement in Thailand.
Conclusion: The LCS system, in Thailand, provides predictable results in tri-compartmental arthritis of the knee, after 13 years follow-up with 99.31% survivorship rate or 100% survivorship rate for aseptic loosening condition and excellent-knee society scores. PMID: 29947499 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Assessing Caregiver Burden and Relationship between Caregiver Burden and Basic Activities of Daily Living in Stroke Patients with Spasticity.
Authors: Khanittanuphong P, Leelasamran W Abstract Objective: To evaluate caregiver burden of stroke patients with spasticity and to study the relationship between the caregiver burden and the ability to perform basic activities of daily living (bADL) of these patients. Material and Method: The study design was a cross-sectional descriptive research. The demographic data of 52 stroke patients with spasticity and their caregivers at Songklanagarind Hospital in Thailand were recorded. The Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) in the Thai version measured the caregiver burdens. The modified Barthel Index (BI) evaluated the...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Operating-Room Extubation after Emergency Craniotomy.
Authors: Saringcarinkul A, Suwannachit S, Punjasawadwong Y Abstract Objective: To determine clinical factors and outcomes associated with operating-room extubation. Material and Method: Three hundred seventy three medical records of emergency craniotomy were reviewed. The author categorized by whether the patients underwent operating-room extubation (ORE) or not (nORE). Demographic and perioperative factors were reviewed for association with ORE, e.g. Glasgow coma scale score (GCS), brain edema, and duration of anesthesia. Outcomes included clinical status, and duration in intensive care unit and hospital stay....
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Diagnostic Performance of Multidetector Computed Tomography (MDCT) to Differentiate Malignant from Benign Ampullary Lesions Causing Distal Common Bile Duct Obstruction.
Authors: Pongpornsup S, Pawananunt P, Teerasamit W Abstract Objective: To evaluate diagnostic performance of 64-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) for differentiating the benign from malignant ampullary lesion. Material and Method: A retrospective study was performed in 55 patients with obstructive jaundice from distal common bile duct (CBD) obstruction as a result of ampullary lesion underwent 64-slice MDCT. The patients were enrolled between February 2007 and August 2014. The patients’ MDCT scans of abdomen were retrospectively evaluated by two gastrointestinal radiologists without knowledge...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Hospitalizations of Diabetes Ambulatory Care Sensitive Condition - Universal Coverage Scheme at a Referral Hospital in Bangkok, Thailand: Five-Year Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: The avoidable hospitalization for DM patients registered at Rajavithi Hospital was stable during the five years of the study. Future study on avoidable hospitalization should cover admissions to other hospitals and DM related conditions. Further studies should investigate the reasons of avoidable hospitalization. PMID: 29949314 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Development of Simple Screening Tool for Predict Risk of Falls in Thai Community-Dwelling Elderly.
Authors: Poncumhak P, Sittitan M, Srithawong A Abstract Objective: To develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Three Times Sit-to-Stand Test (TTSST) to evaluate its functional capacity and to predict the risk of fall in community-dwelling elderly. Material and Method: Thirty-six subjects aged older than 60 years, who experienced fall or non-fall, were tested for their functional ability using the TTSST and the Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test (FTSST). Results: The data demonstrated excellent reliability (ICCs = 0.943-0.991) and could clearly distinguish the ability of falling and non-falling subje...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Treatment of Anastomosis Stricture after Bilateral Ileal Ureter Reconstruction by Contralateral Retrograde Approach: Case Report.
Authors: Thamtorawat S, Shin JH, Kim Y, Chen JW, Hong BS Abstract A 37-year old woman with locally advanced uterine cervical cancer post concurrent chemoradiation, presented with an early anastomotic stricture after ileal ureter replacement due to the ischemic process during the reconstruction procedure. A bilateral ureteral stent was considered in order to relieve the obstructive uropathy. Multiple attempts were made to cannulate the stricture point between the right renal pelvis and ileal ureter, although all of them failed. The percutaneous contralateral nephrostomy tract was accessed and successfully used to pe...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Population Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics Modeling of Oral Levofloxacin.
Conclusion: The population PKs of levofloxacin in the present study were similar to the values obtained from the previous study. Both 500 mg qd and 750 mg qd of oral levofloxacin dosage regimens had a high probability of achieving optimal impact against S. pneumoniae, but only the 750 mg qd dosage regimen achieved optimal exposure against Klebsiella spp. PMID: 29947489 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 28, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Activities of Thai Traditional Remedy “Kheaw-Hom” and Its Plant Ingredients for Skin Infection Treatment in Chickenpox.
Conclusion: The ethanolic extracts of Kheaw-Hom remedy had antimicrobial activity against S. aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus and S. epidermidis that are causes of skin infection from chickenpox. These results support the use of Kheaw-Hom remedy for skin infection treatment in chickenpox. PMID: 29926689 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Bioactivities of Ethanolic Extracts of Three Parts (Wood, Nutmeg and Mace) from Myristica fragrans Houtt.
Conclusion: The extracts obtained from wood of M. fragrans showed high anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic activities but moderate anti-oxidant. The extracts of nutmeg and mace presented high anti-oxidant and anti-allergic activities but less antiinflammatory activity. Therefore, extract of wood should be selected for treatment of diseases that related with inflammation while the extracts of nutmeg and/or mace should be used as an antioxidant. Finally, extracts of all 3 parts of M. fragrans could be used for allergy-related diseases because all parts showed potent activity in anti-allergy, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Prospective Observational Study of Emergency Airway Management in Emergency Department.
Authors: Srivilaithon W Abstract Background and Objective: In the emergency department (ED), airway management by emergency physicians is becoming more common. The presented study described emergency intubation indications, methods, operator characteristics, success rates, and adverse event rates. Material and Method: Prospective observational study using data collection form was done in the ED of Thammasat University Hospital from September 2012 to August 2015. Data were collected by each physician intubator at the time of each intubation. Results: The author recorded 1,393 encounters underwent intubation ...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Anti-inflammatory Activities of Extracts of Cinnamomum porrectum (Roxb.) Kosterm. Wood (Thep-tha-ro).
Conclusion: The results revealed that ethanolic extracts showed strong anti-inflammatory activity; therefore these extracts of Cinnamomum porrectum should be further developed as a health product for treatment of inflammation. PMID: 29926692 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Activities of Medicinal Plants Mostly used for Acute Pharyngitis Treatment.
Conclusion: The ethanolic extract of G. mangostana and G. glabra are the two best choice for acute pharyngitis treatment. PMID: 29926693 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Normal Measurement of Diameters of the Common Bile Ducts in Different Aged Groups.
This study attempts to establish a reference normal measurement for CBD diameter for the Thai population. Material and Method: In this retrospective study, CBD measurements were performed on axial oblique images, perpendicular to the long axis of the distal CBD. The mean diameter of the normal CBD was measured in 277 patients. The patients were divided into 7 groups according to their age. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare data obtained from the seven age groups. Results: Mean diameter of CBD ranged from 2.3 to 9.5 mm. The mean of the mean diameter of 277 subjects was 4.65±1.39 mm. The diamete...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Efficacy of Delayed versus Immediate Cord Clamping in Late Preterm Newborns following Normal Labor: A Randomized Control Trial.
Conclusion: The DCC procedure could raise the Hct level in the late preterm newborns without serious adverse effects. But more evidence is needed to explore the possible benefit of this procedure. PMID: 29926695 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Anti-inflammatory Activities of Erythrina variegata Bark Ethanolic Extract.
Conclusion: The ethanolic extracts of E. variegata bark showed higher inhibitory effect on PGE2 as acute inflammation than inhibitory effect on Nitric oxide production and TNF-α release representing chronic inflammation. This study thus supports the use of E. variegata bark for treatment of inflammation-related diseases by Thai traditional medicine. PMID: 29926696 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Prediction of Blastocyst Quality from Morphokinetic Criteria.
This study aims to verify the morphokinetic criteria to discriminate good morphological blastocyst (group I) from poor morphological blastocyst (group II) by using Primo vision® (Vitrolife, Sweden). Material and Method: The prospective study was performed in infertile couples treated with assisted reproductive technology at Thammasat Fertility Center, Thailand, in 2015. The morphokinetic study was compared between the two groups by t-test and Mann-Whitney U test with p
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

A Comparative Study of Higher order Aberrations between Pterygium and Non-Pterygium Eyes.
Authors: Kampitak K, Leelawongtawun W, Leeamornsiri S, Suphachearaphan W, Thitiwichienlert S Abstract Background: Pterygium may induce pressure and distortion on the corneal surface leading to ocular aberrations. Objective: To evaluate higher order aberrations in pterygium eyes. Material and Method: Thirty-two patients with unilateral primary pterygium were enrolled. Wavefront analysis technique was used to determine the higher order aberrations in pterygium eyes and normal fellow eyes in individuals. Higher order aberration values were compared between both eyes with paired t-test. Pearson correlation was ...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Study of Corneal Endothelial Cells Related to Duration in Diabetes.
Conclusion: The diabetic corneal endothelial structure was abnormal, especially decreased cell density, compared to the non-diabetic subjects. The abnormalities and diabetic duration were unrelated. PMID: 29926701 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

The Possibility of Developing Screening Criteria for Patients Suspected Multiple Myeloma (MM) at Thammasat University Hospital.
Conclusion: Among many factors those are the common presentation of MM, there were no factor or combination of factors that shown statistically significant to predict the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. However, we would suggest thinking of MM in elderly patients who have bone pain or osteoporosis, hypercalcemia, and azothemia or renal failure. PMID: 29926710 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Seroconversion After 20 Mg versus 40 mg Intramuscular Hepatitis B Virus Vaccination in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 3.
Conclusion: Seroconversion rates of the two groups were not significantly different after completion of HBV vaccination, but only patients in the group receiving the double dose were able to maintain seroconversion 6 months later. The proper hepatitis B vaccination for patients with CKD stage 3 with negative makers of HBV should be immunization with a four-dose regimen using 40 μg of vaccine. PMID: 29926711 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Metabolic Syndrome in Thai Women Previously Diagnosed with Gestational Diabetes.
Conclusion: Previously diagnosed GDM women have higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome after delivery. Obesity before pregnant is a strong independent risk factor for this condition. PMID: 29926712 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Antibacterial Activity of Thai Medicinal Plant Extracts Against Microorganism Isolated from Post-Weaning Diarrhea in Piglets.
Conclusion: The results support the use of Thai medicinal plants for treatment of diarrhea caused by these bacteria. This study also provides basic knowledge on antimicrobial activity against diarrheal microbe isolated from piglets. These results lead to further development of an effective formula of Thai medicinal plants for diarrheal disease in post-weaned piglets and other infectious diseases in the future. PMID: 29926714 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Cytotoxic and Anti-inflammatory Activities of Medicinal Plants and Women ’s Health Remedy Found in “Mahachotarat Scripture” of Thai Traditional Medicine.
Conclusion: Thai medicinal plants and LG remedies which have often been used in the treatment of pain and cancer by Thai traditional practitioners, showed high anti-inflammatory properties on both pathways which represent chronic and acute inflammation. Interestingly, some medicinal plants were used daily in Thai food. In addition, Z. zerumbet and D. birmanica, which has often been used in the treatment of cancer, also showed high cytotoxic activity against cervical cancer cells. PMID: 29926715 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Bacopa monnieri (Brahmi) Prevents Cognitive Deficit by Maintaining CA2/3 VGLUT1 Density of Sub-Chronic Phencyclidine Rat Model of Schizophrenia in Normal Level.
Conclusion: Cognitive deficit observed in PCP-administered rats was mediated by VGLUT1 reduction in prefrontal cortex and CA2/3. Interestingly, Brahmi could prevent this cognitive deficit by maintaining VGLUT1 density in CA2/3 in normal level. PMID: 29926716 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Health Services Provided at the Primary Care Network of the Faculty of Medicine, Thammasat University.
Conclusion: Several health service indicators need to be improved including: low OP visit, low birth weight, high underweight and overweight among children under aged five, low coverage of urine micro albumin, DR screening, and feet examination among DM patients, low coverage of urine protein among HT patients, and high percentage of uncontrolled DM and HT patients. PMID: 29926717 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Survival Rates and Mortality Risk Factors of Thai Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Conclusion: The survival rate of Thai patients with T2DM over the 4 years was 92.7%. Being over 60 years old and having diabetic nephropathy were associated with all-cause mortality. Female gender, diabetic nephropathy and diabetic retinopathy were associated with cardiovascular mortality. PMID: 29927041 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Survival and Prognostic Factors of Metastatic Breast Cancer.
Authors: Laohavinij S, Paul V, Maneenil K Abstract Background: Prognostic factors for survival of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients are important for identifying risks and deciding on patient treatment; however, few studies of prognostic factors in MBC have been performed in Thailand. Objective: To determine the survival duration and prognostic factors for overall survival in metastatic breast cancer. Material and Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted by reviewing 232 files of MBC patients treated in the Oncology Unit, Department of Medicine, Rajavithi Hospital from January 1st 2005 to...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Outcome of Proximal Ventricular Catheter Placement in Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Operations using the Parietal Approach.
Authors: Ananthanandorn A Abstract Background: The VP shunt operation is one of the most common in neurosurgical practice for treatment of hydrocephalus. However, malfunction due to proximal obstruction of the ventricular catheter caused by improper placement of the ventricular catheter tip is still a common occurrence. This retrospective study aimed to provide information on proper placement for problem evaluation and further planning in order to improve surgical outcomes in Rajavithi Hospital. Objective: The present research in Rajavithi Hospital, Bangkok, examined the outcomes of ventricular catheter tip pos...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Economic Burden of Hospitalization with Acute Wheezing in Preschool Children: A Multi-Center Study.
Conclusion: These costs of illness analysis provided an evidence of economic burden and costs of preschool wheezing in hospitalization in Thailand. PMID: 29927174 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Comparison of Postoperative Results after Hemorrhoidectomy Using Local and Spinal Anesthesia.
Authors: Sirikurnpiboon S, Siripattanakul A Abstract Background: Hemorrhoidectomy is a common procedure in clinical practice. Most operations are performed on an inpatient basis using general or regional anesthesia, and the use of local anesthesia is still limited due to concerns about postoperative care. Objective: To compare perioperative results including pain, urinary retention, bleeding and other complications after hemorrhoidectomy performed using local anesthesia (LA) on an out-patient basis with those achieved after spinal anesthesia (SA) on in-patient cases. Material and Method: This was a retrospe...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Erythropoietin Administration Promotes Expression of VEGF in Renal Ischemic –Reperfusion Injury in Rat Model.
Conclusion: These results suggest that treatment with EPO protects the kidney from ischemic acute renal injury via increasing the mobilization and recruitment of EPCs, resulting in the induction of expression of VEGF that might play an important role in the repair response. PMID: 29927177 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Neuroprotective Effect of Perilla Extracts on PC12 Cells.
Conclusion: Perilla leaf extract and seed oil reversed the effect of beta-amyloid induced toxicity by decreasing oxidative stress and inhibition of tau-protein hyperphosphorylation. The enhancement of neurite outgrowth by Perilla extracts was also revealed. PMID: 29927179 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Renal Protective Effects of Combination of Diltiazem and ACEI/ARB on the Progression of Diabetic Nephropathy: Randomized Controlled Trial.
Authors: Krairittichai U, Sarinnapakorn V, Mahannopkul R, Ainwan P Abstract Background: Strict control of blood sugar and maintenance of normal blood pressure levels are the standard treatments shown to delay the progression of diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetic patients. The recommended antihypertensive medications for diabetic nephropathy are angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB). Previous studies have shown that a non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker (diltiazem) could reduce urinary protein excretion in type 2 diabetic patients. Objective: To ev...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

MDI with DIY Spacer versus Nebulizer for Bronchodilator Therapy in Children Admitted with Asthmatic Attack.
Conclusion: MDI with DIY spacer was able to be used effectively when compared with nebulization to treat mild to moderate acute exacerbations of asthma in children admitted in hospital. PMID: 29927182 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

A Study of the Relationship between Pelvic Organ Prolapse and Positive Dipstick Urinalysis in Postmenopausal Women.
Authors: Wanichsetakul P, Lekskulchai O, Mairiang K Abstract Objective: To study the relationship between pelvic organ prolapse and positive dipstick urinalysis in postmenopausal women. Material and Method: From April 2014 to August 2015, the postmenopausal women who attended the urogynecology clinic, Thammasat university hospital,were asked to join in the study. After signing the informed consent, the general characteristics data including the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were collected. The physical examination and evaluation of the quantitative measurement for POP were undergone. All women were asked ...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Hole Implantable Collamer Lens in Comparison with Original Implantable Collamer Lens in Patients with Moderate to High Myopia.
Conclusion: The two groups had similar clinical effectiveness in terms of unaided visual acuity, best corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure and spherical aberration induction. The new Hole-ICL group (Group B) needed no preoperative laser peripheral iridotomies or intraoperative iridectomy. PMID: 29927184 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Co-Existing Ovarian Mucinous Cystadenocarcinoma with Mature Cystic Teratoma: A Rare Case Report.
Conclusion: This was a rare case of mucinous ovarian cancer co-existing with mature cystic teratoma. Clinical acumen, immunochemistry staining and metastatic survey investigation played important roles for the final diagnosis. PMID: 29927186 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Prevalence of Arterial Stiffness and Associated Factors in Thai Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease and Kidney Transplant Recipients.
Authors: Thanakitcharu P, Jitsuparat Y, Jirajan B Abstract Background: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with dialysis, and kidney transplant (KT) recipients are associated with increased cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Arterial stiffness is a major nontraditional risk factor of CV disease, and increased aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), the gold standard for arterial stiffness assessment, may predict CV morbidity and mortality in these patients. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of arterial stiffness in pre-dialysis ...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Pregnancy Outcomes of Healthy Parturients Delivered With or Without Episiotomy.
Authors: Kovavisarach E, Laiamnuay J Abstract Background: The use of episiotomy, a previously popular obstetric procedure, has been declining for the last 25 years, falling from 65% of deliveries in 1979 to 18% in 2003. Some complications have been reported in terms of maternal side effects; however, many episiotomies are still performed in Rajavithi Hospital. Objective: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes and complications in the 48-hour period after vaginal delivery in healthy parturients with and without episiotomy. Material and Method: A historical cohort study was conducted by reviewing the medic...
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Risk Factors of Ectopic Pregnancy in Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer (IVF-ET).
Conclusion: Embryo transfer in fresh cycle and day-5 embryo transfer significantly increased EP risk. More patients and embryo characteristics are necessary to be studied to identify more valid predictors. PMID: 29927194 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Survival Rates between Early Stage Endometrial Carcinoma With or Without Para-Aortic Lymph Node Resection.
Conclusion: The survival rate of early stage endometrial carcinoma patients that underwent surgical staging with or without para-aortic lymph node resection is comparable. PMID: 29927197 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research

Comparison of Survival Outcomes in Early Stage Invasive Adenocarcinoma with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix.
Conclusion: Survival and recurrence were not different for surgically treated cervical cancer in women with early stage AC or SCC. PMID: 29927198 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet)
Source: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet - June 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Assoc Thai Source Type: research