The Typical “Cracked Dry Mud” Ultrasound Pattern of Proliferative Myositis
Teaching point: The typical “cracked dry mud” pattern on ultrasound may help avoiding biopsy for proliferative myositis which is a self-resolving benign process. Published on 2019-10-11 10:47:47 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Right Paraduodenal Hernia with Midgut Malrotation
Main teaching point: Right paraduodenal hernia typically occurs in the fossa of Waldeyer, with the herniated bowel sac located posterior to the right colic artery and vein. Published on 2019-10-09 07:50:30 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 9, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Underrated Cause of Hypoxemia and Stroke in Patient with Cirrhosis
The subpleural arteriovenous shunts that are hallmarks of hepatopulmonary syndrome may cause stroke. Published on 2019-10-09 08:03:12 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 9, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Typical CT and MRI Features of Mucinous Rectal Adenocarcinoma
Main teaching point: Mucinous rectal adenocarcinoma typically shows high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, weak enhancement, and internal calcification. Published on 2019-10-04 08:10:38 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Intravascular Leiomyosarcoma in the Left Renal Vein
Main teaching point: The typical imaging feature of intravascular leiomyosarcoma is a heterogeneous enhancing mass within an expanded vessel. Published on 2019-10-04 08:21:43 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contrast Volume for Preoperative CT Angiography of the Aorta Based on Patient Heart Rate and Body Surface Area: A Pilot Study
Purpose: To evaluate contrast agent dose reduction using an algorithm based on heart rate and body surface area.Methods: A prospective study with 55 patients undergoing aortic CT was performed. Contrast agent dose, enhancement and image quality between three study groups were compared. Group 1: a fixed, standard dose of 120 ml, group 2: contrast agent dose calculated based on heart rate and body surface area, group 3: additional dilution of 50% of the calculated dose based on heart rate and body surface area.Results: The mean contrast agent dose in group 2 was reduced by 15% (P
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Multiple Myeloma with Hypoechoic Liver Nodules
Teaching point: In the context of malignancy with lytic bone lesions, strongly hypoechoic liver nodules should alert for the possible diagnosis of extramedullary multiple myeloma. Published on 2019-10-02 12:55:45 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 2, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Pseudotumoral Calcinosis Following Bone Fracture
Pseudotumoral calcinosis could present as large heterogeneous calcified masses with fluid levels and sedimentation. Published on 2019-10-02 13:03:34 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 2, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Intra-Abdominal Abnormalities Associated with Polysplenia Syndrome
What to look for in case of polysplenia and/or unusual disposition of several intra-abdominal organs. Published on 2019-10-02 13:07:42 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 2, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Getting Rid of Patients ’ Misconceptions about the Radiology Department Using Animated Video in the Waiting Room
The aim of this study was to explore patients ’ perceptions of the role of the radiologist in their care and to evaluate if it is possible to get rid of misconceptions using animated video in the waiting room. 278 Patients were surveyed before or after the animation video was shown in the radiology waiting rooms. After watching the video, alm ost 30% more people understand that the examiner is the technician, not the radiologist. Patients who think their own physician will interpret the images lowers by a 3.5 factor. Owing to the video, many patients actually understand why they will probably not need to meet the rad...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging of Endometriosis
Endometriosis is a common cause of chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea and infertility. Although 6 –10% of women of child bearing age are affected by the disease, and even more in the group of patients with fertility problems, diagnosis is often delayed and treatment can be challenging. Depending on the complaints, extent of disease and the goals of treatment (fertility treatment, pain reducti on, …), both medical and surgical options are available for the management of this pathology and often a  multidisciplinary approach will be necessary. Although diagnostic laparoscopy with histologic confirmation...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Perforation from Ingested Wooden Toothpick: A Colon Diverticulitis Mimicker
Key learning point: Foreign bodies should be considered in the differential when imaging displays bowel inflammation Published on 2019-09-12 06:11:34 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 12, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Systemic versus Pulmonary Bleeding in Lung Infection: Value of CT in Two Cases
In this report, we illustrate the importance of the bleeding site identification using CT in two cases of infection-related hemoptysis. Published on 2019-08-16 09:46:44 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - August 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

An Important and Often Ignored Turnaround Time in Radiology – Clinician Turnaround Time: Implications for Musculoskeletal Radiology
Conclusion: Routine MSK MRI studies performed on weekends can be interpreted by radiologists on the following weekday (Monday) without affecting the time at which the clinician reads the reports and these reports are more likely to be read by clinicians if the radiologist interprets the study on a weekday. Published on 2019-08-14 11:18:53 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - August 14, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

MRI of Paratubal Borderline Serous Tumor
Teaching point: Micropapillary projections in a thin walled cystic mass located along a salpinx are suggestive of a paratubal borderline serous tumor Published on 2019-08-13 10:06:49 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - August 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Super-Selective Transarterial Chemoembolization with Doxorubicin-Loaded Drug-Eluting Beads Sized Below and Above 100 Microns in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Comparative Study
Objectives To compare efficacy and safety of super-selective DEB-TACE with doxorubicin-loaded microspheres sized below and above 100 microns for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Material and methods All consecutive patients with HCC who underwent DEB-TACE were included in this retrospective study. Regarding to microsphere size (>100 microns or
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - July 29, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A Rare Case of Back Pain in a 4 Month-Old Baby with Type A Haemophilia
Published on 2019-07-24 12:39:28 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - July 25, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

An Atypical Case of Poland Syndrome with Bilateral Features and Dextroposition of the Heart
We present an atypical case of Poland syndrome in a baby girl with bilateral chest abnormalities, mainly on the left side, and secondary  dextroposition of the heart. As required in almost all cases of Poland syndrome, different imaging modalities were used to evaluate the extent of our patient’s anomalies. Published on 2019-07-11 11:45:50 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - July 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Various congenital abnormalities and anatomic variants of the pancreas: A pictorial review
Congenital anomalies and anatomic variants of the pancreas are various and not uncommon. Recent advances in imaging modalities and their increasing accessibility have led increased opportunity to detect anomalies and variants of the pancreas. It is important to recognize pancreatic anomalies because, if they cause symptoms, they can be fixed. In addition, the presence of anatomic variants can affect surgical or interventional planning, and they can also cause unexpected post-operative complications. In this essay, we review the embryogenesis of the pancreas and describe imaging findings of various congenital anomalies and ...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - July 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Orbital Subperiosteal Hematoma Arising in the Context of Chronic Sinusitis: Suspicion of Association
Published on 2019-07-03 07:02:20 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - July 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Radiological Clinical Practice Guidelines Published in the Last Decade: A Bibliometric Analysis
Conclusion: Our study presents several interesting insights into the characteristics and impact of radiological  CPGs. Published on 2019-06-28 09:25:33 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

< sup > 68 < /sup > Ga DOTATATE Uptake in Hemangioma Simulating Metastasis on PET Imaging
CT helps characterize bone hemangioma that could be wrongly interpreted as skeletal metastases on68Ga DOTATATE PET imaging Published on 2019-06-28 09:59:14 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Various congenital anomalies and anatomic variants of the pancreas: A pictorial review
Congenital anomalies and anatomic variants of the pancreas are various and not uncommon. Recent advances in imaging modalities and their increasing accessibility have led increased opportunity to detect anomalies and variants of the pancreas. It is important to recognize pancreatic anomalies because, if they cause symptoms, they can be fixed. In addition, the presence of anatomic variants can affect surgical or interventional planning, and they can also cause unexpected post-operative complications. In this essay, we review the embryogenesis of the pancreas and describe imaging findings of various congenital anomalies and ...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Subperiosteal Orbital Hematoma: Imaging Findings of a Rare Complication of Sickle Cell Disease
Subperiosteal orbital hematoma is a rare entity mainly seen in pediatric patients with sickle cell disease and occurs secondary to local vascular disturbances following facial bone infarction Sickle cell disease is the most common hemoglobinopathy. Homozygous patients are prone to vaso-occlusive crises. A 19-year-old male patient with the homozygous sickle cell trait was admitted to the hospital due to a sickle cell crisis. During his admission he developed a left periorbital edema. The diagnosis of a subperiosteal orbital hematoma (SOH) was made by CT and MRI imaging. SOH is a rare complication of a VOC. The clinical...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Large B-cell Lymphoma of the Jejunum
Computed tomography delivers considerable diagnostic value by showing the following typical signs of small bowel lymphoma: segmental wall thickening, aneurysmal dilatation, and locoregional lymphadenopathy Published on 2019-06-28 10:19:48 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Unilateral Paracondylar-Epitransverse Neo-Articulation with Secondary Atlas-Axis Rotation Anomaly
Teaching point: Variants of the craniovertebral junction can be depicted and characterized  on CT Published on 2019-06-28 10:26:06 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Typical CT and MRI Features of Pancreatic Acinar Cell Carcinoma
Main teaching point: Typical imaging features of pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma are relatively large, with a well-defined margin, exophytic growth, and heterogeneous enhancement Published on 2019-06-28 10:35:51 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - June 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Degeneration of the Sacroiliac Joint in Hip Osteoarthritis Patients: A Three-Dimensional Image Analysis
Conclusion: Our results suggest that hip osteoarthritis and sacroiliac joint degeneration are related, and that with further investigation, the sacroiliac joint may become a new treatment target in hip osteoarthritis. Published on 2019-05-23 10:23:16 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - May 23, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Actual and Future Employment for Radiologists in Belgium: Results of a Survey
Conclusion: Half of the responding graduates did not find a permanent staff member position before graduation. However,>90% found such a position within the first two years after graduation. There is a demand for dedicated profiles in almost half of the radiology departments. Published on 2019-05-22 10:31:34 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - May 22, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Increased < sup > 18 < /sup > F-FDG Uptake in the Obturator Muscles Due to Denervation-Driven Atrophy
Teaching point: Denervated muscles can show a temporary increase in18F-FDG uptake on PET-CT, thus simulating malignancy Published on 2019-05-16 12:49:57 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - May 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Pulmonary Edema: Consider an Unusual Suspect
Published on 2019-05-15 11:28:00 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - May 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis: “Bear’s Paw Sign”
Published on 2019-05-13 13:24:29 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - May 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Book Review: Pocketbook of Clinical IR
Pocketbook of Clinical IR is a skilfully organised pocketbook which is primarily targeted towards medical students. It focuses mainly on clinical care associated with the procedure. Published on 2019-05-13 13:39:42 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - May 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Adnexal Mass Characterization in a Teenage Girl
Published on 2019-05-10 10:10:07 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Focal Fat Infarction of the Falciform Ligament
Typical CT Appearance of a Rare Form of Intra-peritoneal Focal Fatty Infarction Published on 2019-05-09 10:41:28 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Intravascular Pneumocephalus: < i > A Mimicker of Skull Base  Fractures < /i >
Published on 2019-05-09 10:59:25 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - May 10, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Muscle Metastasis from Undifferentiated (Anaplastic) Thyroid Carcinoma
Published on 2019-05-08 08:58:11 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - May 8, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Breast Lymphoma
Teaching point: Primary breast lymphoma is a  rare disease, especially in males, but should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a breast mass because of the different treatment and prognosis. Published on 2019-04-09 10:40:41 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - April 9, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Effect of Needle-Tract Bleeding on Pneumothorax and Chest Tube Placement Following CT Guided Core Needle Lung Biopsy
Background: Bleeding in the biopsy tract has been studied for its ability to decrease the risk of pneumothorax  with indefinite results in the previous studies.Purpose: To investigate the risk factors for needle-tract bleeding (NTB) and the possible effect of NTB on the pneumothorax and resultant chest tube placement after CT-guided cutting needle biopsy (CT-CNB) of pulmonary lesions.Methods: Predictive variables for NTB and the effect of NTB on the development of pneumothorax and consequent chest tube placement were retrospectively determined in 416 patients who had undergone an 18-gauge non-coaxial CT-CNB (338 men a...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - April 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Juxta-Cortical Chondroma of the Phalanges: Is there a Role for Cone-Beam Computed Tomography in Diagnosis and Local Staging?
Main teaching point: Low-dose cone-beam computed tomography (CT) may be of additional  value to radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in preoperative characterization and local staging of juxta-cortical chondromaJuxta-cortical chondroma is a rare cartilaginous tumor originating from the periosteum. On conventional  radiography, the lesion typically causes saucerization of the adjacent cortex with well-delineated sclerotic margins. Projection radiography may be less accurate than cross-sectional imaging to demonstrate the precise extent of pressure erosion and bone and soft tissue extent. Although ...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - April 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of Vascular Structures of Living Donor Kidneys by Multislice Computed Tomography Angiography before Transplant Surgery: Is Arterial Phase Sufficient for Determination of Both Arteries and Veins?
Conclusion: Arterial phase CTA is sufficient for evaluation of both arterial and venous vessels of kidneys, and precontrast, venous or late phase imaging should be preserved only for chosen circumstances to avoid high radiation exposure. Published on 2019-04-04 10:15:10 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - April 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Bladder Metastasis of Gastric Adenocarcinoma
Teaching point: Metastatic involvement has to be considered in the differential diagnosis for diffuse bladder wall thickening Published on 2019-04-04 10:30:44 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - April 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Multiple Maxillar Exostosis
Teaching point: Multiple buccal exostosis are rare but asymptomatic, unequivocal, and always benign conditions of the jaws Published on 2019-04-04 10:42:09 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - April 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Cerebral Fat Embolism Syndrome
Published on 2019-04-02 12:44:11 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - April 2, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Global Ischemia of The Cerebellum: The Dark Cerebellar Sign
Published on 2019-03-11 09:41:07 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - March 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Ossifying Fibromyxoid Tumor with Spinal Cord Compression and Epiduritis
Published on 2019-02-28 09:37:41 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - February 28, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Giant Prostate Utricle Cyst
Published on 2019-02-05 10:19:22 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - February 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

“Black” and “White” Blood on Unenhanced CT
Published on 2019-02-04 10:31:37 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - February 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Absence of the Celiac Trunk
Published on 2019-02-01 11:26:08 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - February 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research