Ulcerated Gastric Lipoma Presenting with Gastrointestinal Bleeding and Hypovolemic Shock
Teaching Point: Gastric lipomas are very rare and generally asymptomatic benign tumors; however, they can manifest as life-threatening complications, readily diagnosed by CT. Published on 2022-01-17 10:32:46 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - January 17, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Spontaneous Rupture of a Choledochal Cyst
Teaching point: Spontaneous perforation with biliary peritonitis is a rare complication of bile duct cysts which should be considered in a patient presenting with acute abdomen, ascites, and dilated biliary tree on imaging. Published on 2022-01-17 10:54:09 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - January 17, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

MRI of Hands with Early Rheumatoid Arthritis: Usefulness of Three-Point Dixon Sequences to Quantitatively Assess Disease Activity
The use of efficient treatment with a treat-to-target strategy combined with early detection of the disease completely changed the imaging presentation and outcome of newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has become the reference technique in clinical research to detect and quantify inflammatory involvement of the soft tissues (synovitis and tenosynovitis) and bone marrow (osteitis) along with structural damages of the bone (erosions) in hands of patients with RA. Three-point Dixon MRI may be a valuable alternative to the currently recommended sequences as it yields effective ...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - January 10, 2022 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Distal Biceps Brachii Tendon Injuries: An Imaging Update
Published on 2021-12-31 11:26:03 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - December 31, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Wrist Trauma: More Than Bones
Acute and subacute wrist trauma predominantly consist of fractures of the distal radius in elderly patients and most frequently carpal fractures (scaphoid, followed by triquetrum and hamatum) and avulsion fractures of the ulnar styloid in younger patients, especially in sports-related injuries but also in work activities. The initial radiographs may miss the fractures and result when untreated in complications as nonunion, osteonecrosis, and degenerative osteoarthritis.Fractures of the distal radius and of the scaphoid may be associated with ligament injuries, most frequently the scapholunate complex, which are often overl...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - December 31, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Dorsal Arachnoid Web: A Rare Cause of Myelopathy
Teaching point: The scalpel sign is pathognomonic for a dorsal arachnoid web, a rare clinical-radiologic entity that can cause myelopathy. Published on 2021-12-30 11:59:27 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - December 30, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Ultrasound Diagnosis of a Cervical Rib with Pseudarthrosis
Teaching Point: Ultrasound is the first-line examination for neck mass and may offer a reliable method to identify cervical ribs. Published on 2021-12-29 11:20:26 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - December 29, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Idiopathic Granulomatous Mastitis Presenting as Bilateral Breast Abscesses
Teaching point: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a rare disease that may present as breast abscesses and may mimic other inflammatory, infectious, or neoplastic disorders on imaging. Published on 2021-12-21 10:45:44 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - December 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Complicated Growth Plate Fracture: Torn Metaphyseal Periosteum with Physeal Interposition
Teaching point: Displacement of torn periosteum into the growth plate is an uncommon pediatric entity following trauma – which can be seen on an MRI as low signal intensity physeal interposition on all pulse sequences, and requires open surgical reduction, as it may lead to growth plate bridging and subsequent extremity length discrepancy. Published on 2021-12-10 11:03:52 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - December 10, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging Pitfall in the Pediatric Knee: Irregular Epiphyseal Ossification at the Femoral Condyle
Teaching point: Age-related variability in endochondral ossification of the femoral condyles in children is a normal variant of skeletal maturation and should not be misdiagnosed as osteochondritis dissecans or any other epiphyseal abnormality. Published on 2021-12-10 11:08:38 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - December 10, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

2021 Annual Meeting of the Belgian Society of Radiology (BSR)
Published on 2021-12-10 11:14:54 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - December 10, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

2020 JBSR Report
Published on 2021-11-25 11:55:31 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 25, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Chronic Avulsion Lesion at the Brachialis Muscle Insertion
Teaching Point: Humeral splints or brachialis insertion avulsion syndrome is a distinct type of stress injury at the insertion of the brachialis muscle on the lateral surface of the humeral diaphysis. Published on 2021-11-22 11:09:05 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 22, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Ewing ’s Sarcoma Mimicking an Avulsion Fracture
Teaching Point: In the absence of a clear history of trauma, avulsion of the lesser trochanter should raise a high index of suspicion of an underlying malignancy. Published on 2021-11-22 11:14:06 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 22, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Boxer ’s Knuckle
Teaching Point: Persistent metacarpophalangeal joint pain after clenched-fist trauma with an unremarkable conventional radiography justifies further examination with dynamic ultrasound for detecting extensor hood injuries. Published on 2021-11-22 11:19:29 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 22, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Os Supranaviculare as a Predisposing Factor to Navicular Stress Fractures
Teaching Point: An os supranaviculare is a variant of the anatomy which however may predispose to symptoms. Published on 2021-11-22 11:29:54 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 22, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Advanced Imaging of Acute and Chronic Trauma of Ankle and Foot Ligaments, Bones, Tendons: Selected Topics
Many complex foot and ankle injuries involve the bony structures, tendons, and ligaments. These can be acute or due to chronic repetitive trauma.In this abstract, we succinctly focus on the lateral ligaments. Further, we discuss in detail pathology and pitfalls at the lateral midfoot in the region of the peroneus longus tendon.Finally, we briefly address the anatomy of the hallux and turf-toe. Published on 2021-11-19 10:37:17 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Low-Energy Occult Femoral and Pelvic Fractures in the Elderly
Proximal femoral fractures and pelvic fractures are common in elderly patients with a dramatic increase expected in the next decades due to population aging. Early detection of such fractures is crucial for optimal patient management and cost containment, especially in proximal femoral fractures. Most fractures are detected on conventional radiographs, but some fractures are occult (i.e. not radiographically detectable) [1]. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard second-line imaging modality to detect occult post-traumatic injuries with acquisition protocols including fat-sensitive and/or fluid-sensitive ima...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

New CBCT Indications in Musculoskeletal Imaging
Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) has become increasingly important as a low-radiation imaging technique with high resolution. The current new generation CBCT ’s aim to optimize the benefits of CBCT while limiting the traditional disadvantages with features such as a larger gantry, higher tube voltage and a moveable table. Very promising is the current development of dual energy CBCT for detecting bone marrow edema, a better soft tissue visualization an d reduction of beam hardening artifact. implementation of iterative reconstructions and artificial intelligence in high-end CBCT is a potential tool in a further v...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Dual-Energy CT in Traumatic Bone Lesions: Myth or Reality?
Early and accurate diagnosis of fracture is important to speed patient triage and optimize patient management in Emergency departments. Computed tomography (CT) stands in the front line in the diagnosis of some radiographically occult bone fractures, because tomographic images optimize the detection of cortical and trabecular bone interruption and deformity. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), thanks to its ability to detect bone marrow changes, also enables detection of post-traumatic marrow changes that are associated with subtle fractures. In the last decade, many authors have reported that dual-energy CT (DECT) has the p...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Overuse Injuries in Teenagers
Overuse injuries in teenagers have increased in incidence in the past decades. Adequately diagnosing these injuries is a challenge (Figures 1 and2), especially when unfamiliar with the specific overuse injury patterns and the development steps of the teenager musculoskeletal system. When considering overuse injuries in this population it is helpful to focus on two points or resemblance and dissemblance between teenagers and adults:Teenagers arethe same as adults. Increasingly teenagers are exposed to a higher – more professional – level of sport activities. Likewise, the specific activities they have to perform...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

3D Printing in Fractures: A Game Changer?
Background: 3D printing (3DP) or additive manufacturing has become an established technique in many industries for its fast production of objects with a large range of shapes and designs. Whereas it was initially used for rapid prototyping and product design evaluation, it has been applied more and more in small batch production as well. In the medical field 3DP has demonstrated its potential for various purposes, ranging from mere display of anatomy to printing of implants in tissue, although the latter application still needs to be translated to the clinical field and demonstrate usefulness.Applications of 3D printing:We...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging of the Diabetic Foot
Osteomyelitis in the diabetic foot is located in continuity with skin ulcers. The exact location of skin ulcers is essential to discriminate osteomyelitis per continuitatem from active Charcot osteoarthropathy. Published on 2021-11-19 11:48:53 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

President ’s Welcome BSR Annual Meeting 2021
Dear colleagues,At the time of writing, this year ’s edition of the annual BSR meeting will probably be a live event.The program will consist of a fascinating mix of clinically oriented lectures on MSK imaging, presented by experts in their respective field.I am happy to take the opportunity to thank Professor Raymond Oyen, President of the Scientific Council, Professor Maryam Shahabpour and the Presidents of the Young Radiologist Section, Nina Watt é and Amin Mahsouli, and all others involved in the organization of this Annual Meeting.I wish you all an interesting and pleasant BSR Annual Meeting 2021!Warm reg...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Knee Avulsion Injuries: What can I Get From a CT?
Acute bone and soft-tissue injuries to the knee are commonly seen in emergency departments as well as in the outpatient clinic. Most commonly, these injuries result from a direct blow, a fall, or a twisting injury. Prompt and accurate diagnosis relies heavily on imaging and is mandatory to facilitate adequate management and prevent potential complications [1].Radiographs are usually the initial imaging modality in the evaluation of the acutely injured knee but have a low yield. Computed Tomography (CT) may be performed as the next imaging study for the evaluation of suspected radiographically occult fractures. In patients ...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Message From the President of the BSR Scientific Council
The Annual Symposium has a longstanding tradition, with specific organ, pathology or modality oriented topics meeting the needs of contemporary imaging of general radiologists in daily practice.With the enthousiastic support of the Young Radiologist Section (YRS) and the responsibles of the specific organ and management sections, a new and inspirating dynamism contributed to a remarkable survival of the meeting, even with the 2020 fullly online Covid-edition. Published on 2021-11-19 12:22:42 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Conversion from MRI to CT Using AI for Fractures
Synthetic CT images reconstructed from MR images is an upcoming artificial intelligence (AI) tool for radiologists. It has been validated for detection of erosions at the sacroiliac joints and validation for other applications is ongoing – with high expectations. The technique uses deep learning, a subtype of machine learning, to reconstruct the images. By adding one MR sequence and some automated postprocessing, the radiologist obtains synthetic CT images which can be multiplanar reformatted. One of the main applications will lik ely be the more detailed evaluation of fractures on MRI. Once validated, the possibilit...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Acute Arthritis/Osteomyelitis in Children
OSTEOMYELITIS IN CHILDREN: Osteomyelitis (OM) is defined as an infection of the bone marrow and adjacent osseous structures with potential surrounding soft tissue extent. It can occur at any age, generally in children 1 –16 years old. In children, it is predominantly caused by hematogenous spread of infection, typically bacterial. Generally, the metaphysis is involved. Transphyseal spread to the epiphysis and joint is rare but can occur in children younger than 18 months, or in older children with closed growth p lates, due to a different blood perfusion to the epiphysis. The first imaging modality of choice is conve...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Presenting As Pulsatile Tinnitus
We report magnetic resonance imaging characteristics of a dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF), a possible cause of pulsatile tinnitus. Published on 2021-11-09 11:25:53 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 9, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Digital Breast Tomosynthesis Complements Two-Dimensional Synthetic Mammography for Secondary Examination of Breast Cancer
Conclusion:SM/DBT had a similar performance to FFDM/DBT in detecting breast abnormalities but requires less radiation. DBT complements SM to improve accuracy to a level equivalent to that of FFDM. Taken together, SM/DBT may be a good substitute for FFDM/DBT for the secondary examination of breast cancer. Published on 2021-11-05 10:41:09 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - November 5, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Alexander Disease
Main teaching point: The main differential diagnosis of leukodystrophy associated with macrocephaly consists of Alexander disease, Canavan disease, and megalencephalic leukodystrophy with subcortical cysts. Distinguishing imaging characteristics of Alexander disease are an apicoposterior gradient of white matter involvement and a periventricular T2-hypointense rim. Published on 2021-10-21 11:45:27 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Added Value of Dual-Energy CT in COVID-19 Pneumopathy
Teaching point: The use of dual-energy instead of conventional single-energy computed tomography pulmonary angiogram can provide additional value concerning the diagnosis of COVID-19 and its complications, especially in the detection of small pulmonary embolism. Published on 2021-10-21 11:51:49 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Colorectal Intussusception with an Invasive Adenocarcinoma as Lead Point
Teaching Point: Always look for an underlying (malignant) lead point as cause of a large bowel intussusception in adults. Published on 2021-10-18 10:32:33 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 18, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Teenage Neurologic Manifestation of a Complex Brain Malformation Consisting of Gray Matter Heterotopia, Schizencephaly and Absent Septum Pellucidum
Teaching point: Since some minor congenital brain defects manifest long after birth, even in adults they should be kept in the differential of new epileptic seizures or focal neurologic deficits. Published on 2021-10-14 10:22:12 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 14, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Transperineal MRI-US Fusion-Guided Target Biopsy of the Prostate after Abdominoperineal Resection: A Case Report
This report of such a patient aged 75, presents a Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Ultrasound fusion-guided transperineal approach to prostate biopsy which can be performed under local anaesthesia and in an outpatient setting. Published on 2021-10-14 10:29:13 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 14, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

MRI of Wallerian Degeneration in the Brainstem: A Pictorial Essay
Wallerian degeneration of the cerebral peduncle is a common MRI finding after cerebral injury. The degree of peduncular atrophy reflects the extent of damage in the corticospinal tract. The acute phase of Wallerian degeneration is visible with Diffusion-Weighted-Imaging. New investigation with Diffusion-Tensor-Imaging quantifies Wallerian degeneration in the subacute ischemic phase and is a good predictor for later functional recovery after stroke. Published on 2021-10-14 10:37:40 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 14, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Inflammatory Pseudotumor of the Mesentery
Teaching point: An inflammatory pseudotumor can occur almost everywhere in the body and has nonspecific imaging findings. Published on 2021-10-14 10:53:27 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - October 14, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Unusually Large Extent of Pagetic Vertebral Ankylosis in a Patient with Ankylosing Spondylitis
Teaching point: When the joints between bones are ankylosed, such as in ankylosing spondylitis, Paget ’s disease can involve multiple contiguous bones leading to pagetic vertebral ankylosis. Published on 2021-09-29 11:42:03 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 29, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Fibrolipoma Causing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Teaching point: A space-occupying lesion should be considered in the differential diagnosis of progressive unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome. Published on 2021-09-27 11:56:37 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 27, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Vertebral Tongue-Like Deformity in Mucopolysaccharidosis VI
Teaching point: Defective development of the anterior portion of the vertebral body at the thoracolumbar junction may be an important imaging clue in the diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidosis. Published on 2021-09-27 12:01:53 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 27, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Blount Disease
Teaching point: MRI allows to assess deformity and viability of the tibia in Blount disease. Published on 2021-09-23 11:49:13 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 23, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Multiple Pulmonary Artery Pseudoaneurysms Secondary to Metastatic Uterine Leiomyosarcoma
We describe a unique case of multiple PAPs secondary to metastatic uterine leiomyosarcoma and demonstrate the serial chest computed tomography to support the theory that the tumor begins as a tumor embolus, followed by infiltration and breakdown of the vessel wall, leading to aneurysmal dilatation and invading the perivascular tissue. Published on 2021-09-23 11:54:43 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 23, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The Natural History of a Musculoskeletal Clinical Researcher
Conclusions: This is the first study to provide a road map for a musculoskeletal clinical researcher. This study identifies a need for structural change to support and encourage clinicians to participate in research. This can be introduced through a range of methods such as mentorship schemes, medical school workshops, and academic training programmes. Published on 2021-09-21 10:41:35 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Fibroadenoma of Axillary Ectopic Breast Tissue
Teaching point: Ectopic breast fibroadenoma is a rare benign neoplasm that may mimic pathological lymph node clinically and on imaging. Published on 2021-09-21 10:46:54 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Creating and Delivering Service Value in Medical Imaging Departments, the Marketing Imperative
In an era of increased pressure on reducing expenditure in health care and a rising demand for high-quality, safe, accessible, and payable medicine, one must use more valued models. Marketing is a broad approach to build exchange relationships, including all aspects of the organization ’s interfaces.This opinion article takes a first step in revealing the marketability of imaging departments. Published on 2021-09-21 11:19:53 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Lyme Disease: A Probably Underdiagnosed Cause of Mono-Arthritis
Teaching point: Meticulous anamnesis and a high index of suspicion is needed for the diagnosis of Lyme arthritis. Published on 2021-09-21 11:30:32 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 21, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Hip Pain in a Child Caused by Coxal Bone Infection
Teaching Point: Ischiopubic synchondrosis osteomyelitis is not rare but frequently misdiagnosed. MRI has a key role for early diagnosis and detection of complications. Published on 2021-09-17 11:31:20 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 17, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Cytarabine-Induced Encephalitis
Teaching Point: Central nervous system adverse effects of cytarabine treatment include aseptic meningitis, myelopathy, and more rarely, encephalopathy, seizures, and cerebellar dysfunction. This case illustrates a cytarabine-induced encephalitis with predominant cerebellar involvement. Published on 2021-09-16 00:00:00 (Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology)
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 16, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Effects of Changing the Reporting System from Decentralized/Modality-Based to Centralized/Subspecialized Radiology on Radiologists, Radiologic Technicians and Referring Physicians of a Multi-Center Radiology Network
Objectives: To determine the effects of reorganizing a radiology institute from decentralized/modality-based to centralized/subspecialized radiology on radiologists, radiologic technicians, and referring physicians at a multi-center radiology network.Material and Methods: In 2017/2018 our multi-center radiology network was changed from decentralized/modality-based to centralized/subspecialized reporting. A survey was conducted among radiologists, technicians and two groups of referring physicians (main hospital and non-main hospitals). The following items were tested: Overall satisfaction, perceived quality of radiological...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 16, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Improvement of Image Quality Using Hybrid Iterative Reconstruction with Noise Power Spectrum Model in Computed Tomography During Hepatic Arteriography
This study aims at assessing the image quality provided by HIR with a NPS model at CTHA.Methods: This institutional review board-approved retrospective analysis included 26 patients with hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) who underwent CTHA. In all acquisitions, images were reconstructed with filtered back projection (FBP), adaptive iterative dose reduction 3D (AIDR), and AIDR enhanced (eAIDR) with the NPS model. Four radiologists analyzed the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of HCC nodules and its associated feeding arteries. The radiologists used a semiquantitative scale ( −3 to +3) to rate the subjective image quality co...
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - September 14, 2021 Category: Radiology Source Type: research