Virtual Reality Analysis of Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic and Cardiac Computed Tomographic Data Sets
Three-dimensional echocardiographic (3DE) imaging and cardiac computed tomographic (CCT) imaging are important cardiac imaging tools. Despite the three-dimensional nature of these image acquisitions and reconstructions, they are visualized on two-dimensional monitors with shading and coloring to create the illusion of three dimensions. Virtual reality (VR) is a novel tool that allows true three-dimensional visualization and manipulation. The aims of this study were to test the feasibility of converting 3DE and CCT data into three-dimensional VR models, compare the variability of measurements performed in VR and conventiona...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Akhil Narang, Niklas Hitschrich, Victor Mor-Avi, Marcus Schreckenberg, Georg Schummers, Klaus Tiemann, David Hitschrich, Ralf Sodian, Karima Addetia, Roberto M. Lang, Bernhard Mumm Source Type: research

Diagnostic Performance of Transesophageal Echocardiography and Cardiac Computed Tomography in Infective Endocarditis
Multimodality imaging is essential for infective endocarditis (IE) diagnosis. The aim of this work was to evaluate the agreement between transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and cardiac computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with surgically confirmed IE. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Islem Sifaoui, Leopold Oliver, Vania Tacher, Antonio Fiore, Raphael Lepeule, Amina Moussafeur, Raphaelle Huguet, Emmanuel Teiger, Etienne Audureau, Haytham Derbel, Alain Luciani, Hicham Kobeiter, Pascal Lim, Julien Ternacle, Jean-Fran çois Deux Source Type: research

Left Atrial Strain in Evaluation of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction
Patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) may have elevated left ventricular filling pressure with exercise (LVFP-ex), despite normal LVFP at rest. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of resting left atrial strain (LAS) in detecting elevated LVFP-ex in patients with dyspnea evaluated on exercise stress echocardiography. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Zi Ye, William R. Miranda, Darwin F. Yeung, Garvan C. Kane, Jae K. Oh Source Type: research

Of Heights, Lengths, and Distances
Thank you for the opportunity to reply to the letter by Dr. Johnson and his collaborators regarding predictors of systolic anterior motion (SAM) after mitral valve (MV) repair as presented in the recently published “Guidelines for the Use of Transesophageal Echocardiography to Assist with Surgical Decision-Making in the Operating Room.”1 (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Alina Nicoara, Nikolaos Skubas, Madhav Swaminathan Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Improved Delineation of Cardiac Pathology Using a Novel Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Tissue Transparency Tool
Accurate visualization of cardiac valves and lesions by three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography is integral for optimal guidance of structural procedures and appropriate selection of closure devices. A new 3D rendering tool known as transillumination (TI), which integrates a virtual light source into the data set, was recently reported to effectively enhance depth perception and orifice definition. We hypothesized that adding the ability to adjust transparency to this tool would result in improved visualization and delineation of anatomy and pathology and improved localization of regurgitant jets compared with TI without t...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ilya Karagodin, Karima Addetia, Amita Singh, Alasdair Dow, Lydia Rivera, Jeanne M. DeCara, Laurie Soulat-Dufour, Megan Yamat, Eric Kruse, Atman P. Shah, Victor Mor-Avi, Roberto M. Lang Source Type: research

The Obesity Paradox in Patients with Significant Tricuspid Regurgitation: Effects of Obesity on Right Ventricular Remodeling and Long-Term Prognosis
Obesity may cause right ventricular (RV) remodeling due to volume overload. However, obesity is also associated with better prognosis compared with normal weight in patients with various cardiac diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of obesity on RV remodeling and long-term prognosis in patients with significant (moderate and severe) tricuspid regurgitation (TR). (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Marlieke F. Dietz, Edgard A. Prihadi, Pieter van der Bijl, Nina Ajmone Marsan, Jeroen J. Bax, Victoria Delgado Source Type: research

Stereoscopic Display Is Superior to Conventional Display for Three-Dimensional Echocardiography of Congenital Heart Anatomy
This study aims to evaluate clinician subjective and objective experience of stereo display compared with nonstereo display of 3DE in congenital heart disease. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Danielle Harake, Ganesh Kumar Gnanappa, Silvia G.V. Alvarez, Andrew Whittle, Kumaradevan Punithakumar, Patricia Boechler, Michelle Noga, Nee Scze Khoo Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Temporal Trends in Pediatric Inpatient Imaging Utilization
Concern exists over exponential growth in cardiac imaging in adults, but there is paucity of such data for cardiac imaging trends in pediatric patients. The aims of this study were to determine temporal trends in the use of noninvasive cardiac imaging and compare these with trends in the use of noncardiac imaging and to identify factors influencing those trends using the Pediatric Health Information Service database. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shae Anderson, Janet Figueroa, Courtney E. McCracken, Charles Cochran, Timothy C. Slesnick, William L. Border, Ritu Sachdeva Source Type: research

Prognostic Importance of Left Ventricular Global Longitudinal Strain in Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis and Preserved Ejection Fraction
Impaired left ventricular (LV) speckle-tracking-derived global longitudinal strain (GLS) magnitude (GLS worse than 14.7%) has been associated with poor outcome in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and preserved LV ejection fraction (EF). (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nicolas Thellier, Alexandre Altes, Ludovic Appert, Camille Binda, Blandine Leman, Wassima Marsou, Nicolas Debry, Camille Joly, Pierre-Vladimir Ennezat, Christophe Tribouilloy, Sylvestre Mar échaux Source Type: research

Identification of Subclinical Myocardial Dysfunction and Association with Survival after Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair
Transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVr) using edge-to-edge mitral valve clip is effective for patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) and high or prohibitive surgical risk. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) allows evaluation of subclinical myocardial dysfunction, but its incremental clinical utility into risk stratification, beyond traditional clinical parameters, is unknown in patients treated with TMVr. We sought to evaluate the association of baseline GLS with 1-year all-cause mortality in patients treated with TMVr using edge-to-edge mitral valve clip. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Miho Fukui, Hiroki Niikura, Paul Sorajja, Go Hashimoto, Richard Bae, Santiago Garcia, Mario G össl, João L. Cavalcante Source Type: research

Prevalence and Prognostic Implications of Increased Apical-to-Basal Strain Ratio in Patients with Aortic Stenosis Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
The aim of this study was to investigate the preoperative prevalence, relation to symptoms, and prognostic implications of elevated left ventricular (LV) apical-to-basal strain ratio (ABr) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Anders Lehmann Dahl Pedersen, Jonas Agerlund Povlsen, Anne Dybro, Tor Skibsted Clemmensen, Anders Hostrup Larsen, Bertil Ladefoged, Steen Hvitfeldt Poulsen Source Type: research

Identification of Need for Ultrasound Enhancing Agent Study (the IN-USE Study)
Ultrasound enhancing agents (UEAs) are routinely used to improve transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) image quality, yet anticipation of UEA need is a barrier to their use. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ariane M. Fraiche, Warren J. Manning, Sherif F. Nagueh, Michael L. Main, Lawrence J. Markson, Jordan B. Strom Source Type: research

Correctly Estimating Systolic Anterior Motion Risk: Seeking Guidance from the Guidelines
We read with great interest the recently published “Guidelines for the Use of Transesophageal Echocardiography to Assist with Surgical Decision-Making in the Operating Room.”1 The authors discuss the assessment of postoperative systolic anterior motion (SAM) risk for patients undergoing mitral valve repair. Risk factors for postoperative SAM inc lude posterior leaflet elongation, decreased anterior leaflet/posterior leaflet ratio (AL:PL ratio), reduced distance between the basilar interventricular septum and mitral leaflet coaptation point (C-sept distance),2-6 and decreased aortomitral angle. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Thomas Johnson, Dermot Phelan, Andrew Kott, Noreen Kelly Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Regarding “Estimation of Stroke Volume and Aortic Valve Area in Patients with Aortic Stenosis: A Comparison of Echocardiography versus Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance”
With great interest, we enjoyed reading the article by Dr. Guzzetti et  al.,1 who further demonstrated the methodological insights of measurement of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) diameters. The study showed that LVOT was not “rectangular” (as suggested by the guidelines).2 Different methods can significantly impact stroke volume (SV) calculation by Doppler echocardiography compared with cardiac magnetic resonance. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Min Pu Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Impact of Appropriate Use Criteria for Transthoracic Echocardiography in Valvular Heart Disease on Clinical Outcomes
The association between appropriate use criteria for transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and clinical outcomes is unknown for patients with valvular heart disease (VHD). The aim of this study was to identify the association of TTE appropriateness with downstream cardiac tests and clinical outcomes in patients with VHD over 365  days. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 3, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jennifer M. Amadio, Zachary Bouck, Atul Sivaswamy, Cherry Chu, Peter C. Austin, David Dudzinski, Gillian C. Nesbitt, Jeremy Edwards, Kibar Yared, Brian Wong, Mark Hansen, Adina Weinerman, Paaladinesh Thavendiranathan, Amer M. Johri, Harry Rakowski, Michae Source Type: research

Correction
to “ASE 2020 Original Science Presentations,” published in the June 2020 issue of JASE (J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2020;33: B1-B109). Several authors' names were spelled incorrectly in their Abstracts and in the Indexes. The corrected author names are presented below. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Correction Source Type: research

In Memoriam: Alfred F. Parisi, MD, FASE
Alfred F. Parisi died on April 15, 2020, at the age of 82. Al was the seventh president of the American Society of Echocardiography (ASE), serving from January 1989 through December 1990. In addition to interacting with Al through the ASE, I had the opportunity to learn from him during my time as a house officer at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Michael H. Picard Tags: In Memoriam Source Type: research

PCHD Council Year-in-Review
If dogs are creatures of habits, then people must be creatures of seasons. In medicine, and especially in our connection to ASE, our lives are governed by “seasons.” In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of July brings the excitement of a new start, with new students, new trainees, and a renewed sense of motivation and curiosity invigorated by our attendance at the Scientific Sessions the preceding month. At those Sessions we will have learned new science, rekindled friendships with colleagues, and contributed to the advancement of echocardiography for our patients. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Piers Barker Tags: American Society of Echocardiography News Source Type: research

Well-positioned Always to Adapt
Kudos to the phenomenal and extremely successful ASE2020 Virtual Scientific Sessions held August 8-10, 2020! Transitioning to an all-virtual experience on short notice was a Herculean effort, or perhaps Odysseus would be a more appropriate metaphor given the unchartered waters but the SS committee and ASE dedicated staff pulled it off beautifully. I hope by June of 2021 it will be safe to return to an in-person conference, but I think the new reality is that virtual presence is going to be a component of all major scientific meetings going forward due to the clear tangible benefits of increased access and flexibility. (Sou...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Judy Hung Tags: American Society of Echocardiography News Source Type: research

A Survey of CEUS Education in Sonographer Training Programs: The Well-Opacified and Delineated Road Less Travelled, and Ready to be Taken
Contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a safe, portable, radiation-free imaging tool that produces high resolution, real-time images of the cardiovascular system, tumors, and organ blood vessels. When used during transthoracic echocardiography, CEUS can dramatically improve the detection of functional or structural abnormalities of the left and right ventricles, and enables detection and characterization of cardiac masses. Indeed, for over two decades contrast echocardiography has been considered an essential component for a modern echocardiography laboratory based on its ability to provide unique information that enhances...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sharon L. Mulvagh, Carol Mitchell, Jennifer Bagley, Linda Feinstein, Pam Burgess, Jonathan R. Lindner, Andrej Lyshchik, Matthew Umland, Kathy Kelly, Beverly Gorman Tags: American Society of Echocardiography News Source Type: research

Continuing Education and Meeting Calendar
The American Society of Echocardiography is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. ASE recognizes courses as supplements to formal training in an established echocardiographic laboratory. For more information about a course, please call the number listed. To list a course in the Continuing Education and Meeting Calendar, send the date(s), title, location, provider, course director(s), and contact information to ASE, Attn: Education Dept, 2530 Meridian Parkway, Durham, NC 27713; Tel: 919-861-5574 x7161; E-mail: Education@ASEcho.org. (S...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: American Society of Echocardiography News Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Paradoxical Low-Flow Low-Gradient Aortic Stenosis: Effect of Low Transvalvular Flow Conditions on Indexed Stroke Volume after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
Paradoxical low-flow low-gradient aortic stenosis (P-LFLG AS) is a high-risk yet incompletely understood subset of severe AS,1 for which studies have not uniformly noted improved outcomes after aortic valve replacement.2,3 Several vascular, valvular, and myocardial conditions contribute to low transvalvular flow (LF) across stenosed aortic valves.4 The cumulative burden of LF conditions may affect hemodynamic improvement after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and explain the aforementioned varying survival benefits. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Nisha Hosadurg, Benjamin Koethe, Dou Huang, Andrew R. Weintraub, Ayan R. Patel, Benjamin S. Wessler Tags: Brief Research Communication Source Type: research

Efficacy of Saline Contrast Transthoracic Echocardiography for Identifying High-Risk Patent Foramen Ovale
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of saline contrast transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for identifying high-risk PFO. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kazuki Suruga, Yoichi Takaya, Rie Nakayama, Teiji Akagi, Koji Nakagawa, Nobuhisa Watanabe, Madoka Haruna, Norihisa Toh, Hiroshi Ito Tags: Brief Research Communication Source Type: research

Impact of Arterial Blood Pressure on Ultrasound Hemodynamic Assessment of Aortic Valve Stenosis Severity
Aortic stenosis (AS) severity assessment is based on several indices. Aortic valve area (AVA) is subject to inaccuracies inherent to the measurement method, while velocities and gradients depend on hemodynamic status. There is controversy as to whether blood pressure directly affects common indices of AS severity. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 29, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ahmad Hayek, Fran çois Derimay, Lisa Green, Marion Rosset, Hélène Thibault, Gilles Rioufol, Gérard Finet Source Type: research

Authors' Reply
We thank Dr. Kaw for his questions related to our report, “Preoperative Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography and Clinical Factors for Assessment of Cardiac Risk after Noncardiac Surgery.”1 (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Michael W. Cullen, Robert B. McCully, Darrell R. Schroeder, Garvan C. Kane, Patricia A. Pellikka, Karen F. Mauck Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

The Artifact that Tells the Truth: Color Doppler Splay Unmasking Significant Mitral Regurgitation
Art is a lie that makes us realize truth. —Pablo Picasso (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Philippe B. Bertrand, Yasufumi Nagata, Mayooran Namasivayam, Robert A. Levine Tags: Editorial Comment Source Type: research

Left Ventricular Systolic Function and Inpatient Mortality in Patients Hospitalized with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
(Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 22, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kamil F. Faridi, Kerrilynn C. Hennessey, Nimish Shah, Aaron Soufer, Yanting Wang, Lissa Sugeng, Vratika Agarwal, Richa Sharma, Lorenzo R. Sewanan, David J. Hur, Eric J. Velazquez, Robert L. McNamara Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Speckle-Tracking Echocardiography for the Assessment of Atrial Function during Fetal Life
Speckle-tracking echocardiography has become a major tool in the evaluation of heart function. Atrial strain has emerged as an important component in the assessment of cardiac function, but there is a paucity of prenatal data. The aim of this study was to describe our initial experience of  measurement of atrial strain in fetuses, with respect to both feasibility and the strain patterns observed. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Joao Rato, Trisha V. Vigneswaran, John M. Simpson Source Type: research

Nonapical Right Ventricular Pacing Is Associated with Less Tricuspid Valve Interference and Long-Term Progress of Tricuspid Regurgitation
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a well-known complication after permanent pacemaker implantation. The aim of this study was to compare the degree of TR and the relationship of lead position across the tricuspid valve (TV) between patients with right ventricular apical (RVA) and non-RVA pacing determined by three-dimensional echocardiography. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yu-Juan Yu, Yan Chen, Chu-Pak Lau, Ying-Xian Liu, Mei-Zhen Wu, Ying-Ying Chen, Lai-Ming Ho, Hung-Fat Tse, Kai-Hang Yiu Source Type: research

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement and Left Ventricular Geometry: Survival and Gender Differences
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between baseline left ventricular (LV) geometry and outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Vien T. Truong, Wojciech Mazur, John Broderick, Gregory F. Egnaczyk, Dean J. Kereiakes, Ian J. Sarembock, Joseph K. Choo, Satya Shreenivas, Sherif F. Nagueh, Cheryl Bartone, Eugene S. Chung Source Type: research

Diagnostic Accuracy of Fetal Echocardiography in Congenital Heart Disease
The accuracy of fetal echocardiography (FE) is not well defined, and reporting of diagnostic discrepancies (DDs) is not standardized. The authors applied a categorization scheme developed by the American College of Cardiology Quality Metric Working Group and applied it to FE. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Namrita Mozumdar, John Rowland, Stephanie Pan, Hari Rajagopal, Miwa K. Geiger, Shubhika Srivastava, Kenan W.D. Stern Source Type: research

Using Simulation to Assess Cardiology Fellow Performance of Transthoracic Echocardiography: Lessons for Training in the COVID-19 Pandemic
The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has caused a widespread reduction in echocardiography volumes and direct educator-trainee interactions.1 Assessing competency in transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)1 scanning is a core component of the Core Cardiology Training Symposium certification. Current TTE scanning competency is based on self-reported procedural volumes and feedback during image interpretation, which may be limited by the pandemic. Moreover, prior studies evaluating TTE scanning using objective measures have found only modest correlations between scanning volume and skill. (Source: Journal of the American Society...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kavisha Singh, Alvin Chandra, Katy Lonergan, Anish Bhatt Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal Pain and Disability in Sonographers: More Than an Ergonomic Issue
Sonographers, compared with peer employees, are more likely to experience musculoskeletal pain,1 a problem of substantial burden. A recent report showed that musculoskeletal symptoms resulted in $6.6 million in working days lost.2 To inform the development of sonographer-targeted management strategies, in this study we aimed to examine (1) the 1-year prevalence and distribution of interfering musculoskeletal symptoms in the upper body in sonographers; (2) the association of individual, work-related, and psychosocial factors with the presence of multisite interfering symptoms; and (3) the severity of neck-related disability...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yanfei Xie, Brooke K. Coombes, Lucy Thomas, Venerina Johnston Tags: Brief Research Communication Source Type: research

Mitral Annular Plane Systolic Excursion: An Early Marker of Mortality in Severe COVID-19
Respiratory failure is a major cause of mortality among hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).1 Previous studies have shown that right ventricular (RV) dilation and reduced RV longitudinal strain are markers of poor outcome in this disease.2,3 COVID-19 can cause direct myocardial injury resulting in left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and heart failure, suggesting that assessment of LV function might also have prognostic value.4 Reduction of longitudinal systolic function assessed by mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) is an early indicator of myocardial disease in various cardia...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Upasana Jarori, Thomas K. Maatman, Benjamin Maatman, Ronald Mastouri, Stephen G. Sawada, Abhishek Khemka Tags: Brief Research Communication Source Type: research

Point-of-Care Ultrasound Findings and Clinical Outcomes in Patients with COVID-19
Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been increasingly used for the efficient detection of cardiorespiratory complications of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).1 Cardiac POCUS may have similar benefits to transthoracic echocardiography while decreasing staff exposure to patients with COVID-19. Cardiac POCUS has utility,1 with up to 50% of patients with COVID-19 having cardiac abnormalities on echocardiography, leading to management changes in nearly one third.2 POCUS of the lung enables diagnosis of pathologies such as alveolar consolidation and alveolar-interstitial syndrome. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rupa L. Iyengar-Kapugati, Neil Patel, Malcolm Anastasius, Trent She, Bret P. Nelson, Megan Murphy, Nina Kukar, Michael Miller, Florence Doo, Edgar Argulian, Annapoorna Kini, Stamatios Lerakis Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Mitral Annular Plane Systolic Excursion: An Early Marker of Mortality in Severe COVID-19 Infection
(Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Upasana Jarori, Thomas K. Maatman, Benjamin Maatman, Ronald Mastouri, Stephen G. Sawada, Abhishek Khemka Tags: Brief Research Communication Source Type: research

Point of Care Ultrasound findings and clinical outcomes in COVID-19 patients
(Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rupa L. Iyengar-Kapugati, Neil Patel, Malcolm Anastasius, Trent She, Bret P. Nelson, Megan Murphy, Nina Kukar, Michael Miller, Florence Doo, Edgar Argulian, Annapoorna Kini, Stamatios Lerakis Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C): Cardiac Biomarker Profiles and Echocardiographic Findings in the Acute and Recovery Phases
(Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 11, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Michael S. Kelly, Christopher W. Valle, Neil D. Fernandes, Brian M. Cummings, Manuella Lahoud-Rahme, Joanne S. Chiu Tags: Brief Research Communication Source Type: research

Effect of Short-Term L-Thyroxine Therapy on Left Ventricular Mechanics in Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Previous experimental studies have provided evidence of notable changes in thyroid hormone signaling that corresponds to alterations in myocardial function in animal models of heart failure (HF). The present study further explores whether oral thyroid hormone treatment can change left ventricular (LV) mechanics and functional status in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) or not. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hala Mahfouz Badran, Naglaa Faheem, Amr Zidan, Magdi H. Yacoub, Ghada Soltan Source Type: research

Same-Day Cancellations of Transesophageal Echocardiography: Targeted Remediation to Improve Operational Efficiency
Same-day cancellations of hospital-based surgical procedures are a known source of operational inefficiency and lost revenue.1-4 Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a widely used, resource-intense, invasive cardiovascular imaging procedure, but same-day TEE cancellations have not been studied. We sought to determine the frequency and causes of same-day TEE cancellations at a large academic medical center and test a targeted remediation strategy. Transesophageal echocardiograms performed in our echocardiography laboratory over a 7-week period were assessed for completion and reasons for cancellation or postponement. (...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Dongbo Yu, Isla S. McClelland, Sarah Flahive, Abdulrahman Dia, Victor Mor-Avi, Roberto M. Lang, R. Parker Ward Tags: Brief Research Communication Source Type: research

Normal Ranges of Left Ventricular Strain by Three-Dimensional Speckle-Tracking Echocardiography in Children: A Meta-Analysis
The objective of this study was to establish normal ranges of 3DSTE-derived LV strain in children by performing a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Vien T. Truong, Hoang T. Phan, Tam N.M. Ngo, Tuy T.H. Nguyen, Ha T. Ngo, Ngoc B. Tran, Cassady Palmer, Tarek Alsaied, Justin T. Tretter, Philip T. Levy, Eugene S. Chung, Wojciech Mazur Tags: Brief Research Communication Source Type: research

A Letter to Editor Regarding the Recent Publication, “A Practical Guide to Assess the Reproducibility of Echocardiographic Measurements”
Recently you published an article titled “A Practical Guide to Assess the Reproducibility of Echocardiographic Measurements” by Bunting et al.1 First, I agree with the definitions of reproducibility and repeatability. However, with respect to tailoring these concepts to echocardiography, it is much more important to define the three a spects of such studies: (1) The variance of echocardiographic measurements can be related to the different ultrasound machines/measuring packages, different scanners/measurers, physiologic change of the subjects being scanned, and the measurement itself. (Source: Journal of t...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Wei Hui Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Impact of Focused Echocardiography on Scan Time and Diagnostic Quality in Patients with COVID-19
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 infection and the resulting illness, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), have been characterized by widespread transmission of the virus leading to high morbidity and mortality.1,2 Cardiovascular imaging societies have recommended major changes to the way imaging is performed,3,4 with a focus on appropriateness and the use of abbreviated protocols (focused or limited scans) with the aim of shortening scan time to reduce contact between sonographers and patients and lowering the risk for virus transmission. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Csilla Jozsa, Bassey Ussen, Ricardo Monteiro, Roma Bingcang, Guy Lloyd, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Longitudinal Strain Reflects Ventriculoarterial Coupling Rather Than Mere Contractility in Rat Models of Hemodynamic Overload –Induced Heart Failure
Longitudinal strain (LS) is a sensitive marker of systolic function. Recent findings suggest that both myocardial contractility and loading conditions determine LS. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LS reflects the connection of cardiac contractility to afterload (termed ventriculoarterial coupling [VAC]) rather than mere contractility in rat models of hemodynamic overload –induced heart failure (HF). (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mih ály Ruppert, Bálint Károly Lakatos, Szilveszter Braun, Márton Tokodi, Christian Karime, Attila Oláh, Alex Ali Sayour, István Hizoh, Bálint András Barta, Béla Merkely, Attila Kovács, Tamás Radovits Source Type: research

Protective Effects of Statin and Angiotensin Receptor Blocker in a Rat Model of Doxorubicin- and Trastuzumab-Induced Cardiomyopathy
Chemotherapy has led to improved survival in patients with breast cancer; however, it is associated with an increased risk of cardiac dysfunction and heart failure. We investigated the protective effects of rosuvastatin and candesartan, alone and in combination, in a doxorubicin- and trastuzumab-induced rat model of cardiomyopathy. (Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Dong-Hyuk Cho, I-Rang Lim, Jong-Ho Kim, Mi-Na Kim, Yong-Hyun Kim, Kyong Hwa Park, Seong-Mi Park, Wan Joo Shim Source Type: research

Impact of Focussed Echocardiography on Scan Time and Diagnostic Quality in Patients With COVID-19
(Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Csilla Jozsa, Bassey Ussen, Ricardo Monteiro, Roma Bingcang, Guy Lloyd, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Evaluation of Left Atrial Size and Function: Relevance for Clinical Practice
Left atrial (LA) structural and functional evaluation have recently emerged as powerful biomarkers for adverse events in a variety of cardiovascular conditions. Moreover, noninvasive evaluation of LA pressure has gained importance in the characterization of the hemodynamic profile of patients. This review describes the methodology, benefits and pitfalls of measuring LA size and function by echocardiography and provides a brief overview of the prognostic utility of newer echocardiographic metrics of LA geometry and function (i.e., three-dimensional volumes, longitudinal strain, and phasic function parameters). (Source: Jour...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - August 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Liza Thomas, Denisa Muraru, Bogdan A. Popescu, Marta Sitges, Monica Rosca, Gianni Pedrizzetti, Michael Y. Henein, Erwan Donal, Luigi P. Badano Tags: State-of-the-Art Review Source Type: research