Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 12, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Featured Articles
Merchant (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 12, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Subscription Information
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 12, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 12, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Let That Be Your Battlefield: Society of Asian Academic Surgeons Presidential Address
Cue: Original Star Trek opening sound track —“Let That Be Your Last Battlefield”. Stardate 5730.2, the Federation starship Enterprise is on a mission when it encounters Lokai, a political refugee from the planet Cheron. Shortly thereafter, Bele transports to the Enterprise. Bele explains that he is on a mission to retrieve political tra itors. The two men despise one another because of their differences. The source of their hatred is that Bele is black on the right side and white on the left side, whereas Lokai is black on the left side and white on the right side. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 12, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Nipun B. Merchant Tags: SAAS Presidential Address Source Type: research

Opioids After Orthopedic Injuries: Just the Beginning
Haider et  al. used the Tricare insurance dataset to report the association between opioid exposure in the 6 months prior to orthopedic trauma and the duration of opioid use after discharge. The ability to identify opioid use over time for a large population, particularly prior to an unanticipated injury, i s limited to insurance claims data. Since Tricare covers both service members and their dependents, it allows a snapshot of this problem in a younger, more diverse population than other national claims datasets. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Caroline E. Reinke, Chris Dodgion Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Featured Articles
Isani and Jackson et al. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Subscription Information
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

[D-Ala2, D-Leu5] Enkephalin Improves Liver Preservation During Normothermic Ex  Vivo Perfusion
Meeting the metabolic demands of donor livers using normothermic ex  vivo liver perfusion (NEVLP) preservation technology is challenging. The delta opioid agonist [D-Ala2, D-Leu5] enkephalin (DADLE) has been reported to decrease the metabolic demand in models of ischemia and cold preservation. We evaluated the therapeutic potential of DADLE by investigating its abi lity to protect against oxidative stress and hepatic injury during normothermic perfusion. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 6, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Eliza W. Beal, Jung-Lye Kim, Brenda F. Reader, Clifford Akateh, Katelyn Maynard, W. Kenneth Washburn, Jay L. Zweier, Bryan A. Whitson, Sylvester M. Black Tags: Transplantation/Immunology Source Type: research

Surgeon as Basic Bench Scientist: A Play in Three Acts
There is an ongoing national narrative on the diminishing number of surgeons willing and able to carry out meaningful basic science research as academic surgeons. Various analyses have come to the conclusion that the pressure to be clinically productive has overshadowed individual aspirations to perform bench-level science as a practicing academic surgeon. This review challenges various aspects of this conclusion and offers a path forward to rethink our approach to basic science as performed by practicing surgeons in an academic environment. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 6, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: John C. Alverdy Tags: Special Article Source Type: research

Alleviating Sepsis-Induced Neuromuscular Dysfunction Linked With Acetylcholine Receptors by Agrin
Abnormal expression and distribution of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in skeletal muscle caused by sepsis can lead to neuromuscular dysfunction. Here, we asked whether neural agrin regulates nAChRs to ameliorate muscle function, which could be associated with the agrin/muscle-specific kinase pathway. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Bixiao Lv, Su Min, Fei Xie, Jun Yang, Jingyuan Chen Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

Does Microscopic Hematuria After Pediatric Blunt Trauma Indicate Clinically Significant Injury?
Children are more likely to have urinary system injury after blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) because of anatomical vulnerabilities. Urinalysis (UA) is often performed during initial evaluation to screen for injury. The purpose of this study was to determine how often finding microscopic hematuria after BAT leads to further testing and whether this indicates a significant injury. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 2, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Cameron Casson, R. Ellen Jones, Kristin M. Gee, Alana L. Beres Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

Fellowship or Family? A Comparison of Residency Leave Policies With the Family and Medical Leave  Act
In 1993, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) mandated 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave. The current impact of taking 12  weeks of leave during residency has not been evaluated. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 29, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Stephanie Treffert Lumpkin, Mia K. Klein, Ashley N. Battarbee, Paula D. Strassle, Sara Scarlet, Meredith C. Duke Tags: Education and Career Development Source Type: research

Timing of Palliative Care in Colorectal Cancer Patients: Does It Matter?
Palliative care can improve end-of-life care and reduce health care expenditures, but the optimal timing for initiation remains unclear. We sought to characterize the association between timing of palliative care, in-hospital deaths, and health care costs. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 29, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Megan E. Delisle, Mellissa A.R. Ward, Ramzi M. Helewa, David Hochman, Jason Park, Andrew McKay Tags: Oncology Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Emergency Department Computed Tomography Use in Children
Variability in computed tomography (CT) use during pediatric emergency department (ED) visits has been reported. Our objective was to identify patient and hospital characteristics associated with CT use during pediatric ED visits. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 29, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Daniel L. Lodwick, Jennifer N. Cooper, Amy E. Lawrence, Kelly J. Kelleher, Peter C. Minneci, Katherine J. Deans Tags: Pediatric/Congenital/Developmental Source Type: research

Implementation Challenges Using a Novel Method for Collecting Patient-Reported Outcomes After Injury
Monitoring longitudinal patient-reported outcomes after injury is important for comprehensive trauma care. Current methodologies are resource-intensive and struggle to engage patients. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 28, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Graeme M. Rosenberg, Emily J. Shearer, Sean R. Zion, Sean C. Mackey, Arden M. Morris, David A. Spain, Thomas G. Weiser Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

The Role of Phospho-c-Jun N-Terminal Kinase Expression on hepatocyte Necrosis and Autophagy in the Cholestatic Liver
Clinically, liver fibrosis and cholestasis are two major disease entities, ultimately leading to hepatic failure. Although autophagy plays a substantial role in the pathogenesis of these diseases, its precise mechanism has not been determined yet. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 27, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Bong Jun Kwak, Ho Joong Choi, Ok-Hee Kim, Kee-Hwan Kim, Young Kyoung You, Tae Yoon Lee, Joseph Ahn, Say-June Kim Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

The Efficacy of an Ultrapure Alginate Gel in Reducing Adhesion Formation in a Rat Model of Blood Contamination
In this study, we investigate the efficacy and safety of ultrapure alginate gel in the presence of blood. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 27, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Jeroen C. Hol, Chema Strik, Ankit A. Chaturvedi, Roger M.L.M. Lomme, Harry van Goor, Martijn W.J. Stommel, Richard P.G. ten Broek Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy Has the Same Operative Risk as Routine Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
Laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) is the treatment of choice for aldosteronomas and other adrenal tumors. Despite evidence that surgical cure of aldosteronomas is superior to medical treatment, reluctance remains to refer patients for LA. Here we compared the safety profile of LA to laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), a commonly performed laparoscopic procedure. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 27, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Jessica Limberg, Timothy M. Ullmann, Katherine D. Gray, Dessislava Stefanova, Rasa Zarnegar, Jing Li, Thomas J. Fahey, Toni Beninato Tags: Endocrine Source Type: research

Design and Implementation of an Infrastructure Program to Support Clinical Research in Surgery
We describe the development and implementation of a novel clinical research infrastructure program designed to attenuate these barriers and increase clinical research engagement and productivity in a large academic surgery department. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 27, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Savas Tsikis, Aaron Fleishman, Elliot L. Chaikof, James R. Rodrigue Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

Role of Mechanical Bowel Preparation and Perioperative Antibiotics in Pediatric Pull-Through Procedures
The objective of this study was to determine whether preoperative bowel preparation administration or duration of postoperative antibiotics impacted the rate of complications after elective pediatric pull-through surgery. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 27, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Kyle L. Carpenter, Francine D. Breckler, Brian W. Gray Tags: Pediatric/Congenital/Developmental Source Type: research

Predictors of Robotic Versus Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair
The advent of robotic-assisted surgery has added an additional decision point in the treatment of inguinal hernias. The goal of this study was to identify the patient, surgeon, and hospital demographic predictors of robotic inguinal hernia repair (IHR). (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 27, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: John D. Vossler, K. Keano Pavlosky, Sarah M. Murayama, Marilyn A. Moucharite, Kenric M. Murayama, Dean J. Mikami Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

Is the Power Threshold of 0.8 Applicable to Surgical Science? —Empowering the Underpowered Study
Many articles in the surgical literature were faulted for committing type 2 error, or concluding no difference when the study was “underpowered”. However, it is unknown if the current power standard of 0.8 is reasonable in surgical science. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 27, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Yanik J. Bababekov, Ya-Ching Hung, Yu-Tien Hsu, Brooks V. Udelsman, Jessica L. Mueller, Hsu-Ying Lin, Sahael M. Stapleton, David C. Chang Tags: Research Methods papers Source Type: research

An Animal Model of Human Peripheral Arterial Bending and Deformation
Designing peripheral arterial stents has proved challenging, as implanted devices will repetitively and unpredictably deform and fatigue during movement. Preclinical testing is often inadequate, given the lack of relevant animal models. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that deformation of the human peripheral vasculature could be qualitatively and quantitatively modeled using an experimental animal. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 27, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Rym El Khoury, Alexander Nikanorov, Edward McCarroll, Guy LeClerc, Louis-Georges Guy, Martin Laflamme, Audrey Mailloux, Lewis B. Schwartz Tags: Vascular Source Type: research

Update From the Editor: 2019
It is my pleasure to provide the annual update for the Journal of Surgical Research (JSR). To start, I wish to acknowledge two outgoing Associate Editors and welcome several new ones. Recently, Drs. Timothy Pritts and Timothy King completed their terms as Associate Editors for the trauma and plastic surgery/wound healing sections, respectively. I am extremely grateful to Drs. Pritts and King for their contributions to JSR during the past several years and wish them every success in their future endeavors. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 26, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Scott A. LeMaire Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 26, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Featured Articles
Bateni et al. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 26, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Subscription Information
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 26, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 26, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Palliative Resection of Primary Tumor in Metastatic Nonfunctioning Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors
This study aimed to investigate whether palliative resection of primary tumor affected the survival of patients with stage IV NF-pNETs. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 25, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Hua Ye, Hong Liu Xu, Qijun Shen, Qi Zheng, Ping Chen Source Type: research

Vitamin D Does Not Affect Intraoperative Parathyroid Hormone Kinetics: A Mixed Linear Model Analysis
Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) monitoring is used to confirm completeness of resection in patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). Though there is an inverse relationship between vitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH), previous studies have suggested that 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) level does not affect the likelihood of meeting the Miami criterion. Here, we further investigate whether preoperative 25OHD level affects ioPTH kinetics. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Claire E. Graves, Catherine M. McManus, John A. Chabot, James A. Lee, Jennifer H. Kuo Tags: Endocrine Source Type: research

Lymph Node Sampling and Survival in Child and Adolescent Extremity Soft-Tissue Sarcoma
The significance of lymph node sampling (LNS) on disease-specific survival (DSS) of extremity soft tissue sarcomas (STS) is unknown. We investigated the effect of LNS on DSS in child and adolescent extremity STS. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Ann-Christina Brady, Omar Picado, Jun Tashiro, Juan E. Sola, Eduardo A. Perez Tags: Pediatric/Congenital/Developmental Source Type: research

A Morphometric Model for Endovascular Occlusion of The Retrohepatic Vena Cava in Pediatric Trauma
The resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) device has been adapted for inferior vena cava (IVC) use in both animal models and adult case reports. The aim of this study is to examine the feasibility for use of the REBOA device for pediatric IVC injuries and create a potential framework for implementation. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Louis Carrillo, Max Skibber, Akshita Kumar, Mitchell George, Shahroz Aziz, Matthew T. Harting, Charles S. Cox Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

The Influence of Age on the Histopathology and Prognosis of Atypical Breast Lesions
This study aimed to compare the type of breast atypia and risk of underlying or subsequent breast cancer by age. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Amanda R. Sergesketter, Samantha M. Thomas, Oluwadamilola M. Fayanju, Carolyn S. Menendez, Laura H. Rosenberger, Rachel A. Greenup, Terry Hyslop, Edgardo R. Parrilla Castellar, E. Shelley Hwang, Jennifer K. Plichta Tags: Oncology Source Type: research

Breast-Conserving Surgery in Patients With Mammary Paget's Disease
We aimed to analyze the association between Paget's disease (PD) and breast cancer (BC) subtypes and compare the effect of breast-conserving surgery (BCS) as a local treatment with mastectomy for PD. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 23, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Yufeng Yao, Li Sun, Yan Meng, Yan Zhuang, Lin Zhao, Qiao Yu, Chengshuai Si Tags: Oncology Source Type: research

Feasibility of Micro –Computed Tomography Imaging for Direct Assessment of Surgical Resection Margins During Breast-Conserving Surgery
To analyze the feasibility and accuracy of micro –computed tomography (micro-CT) for surgical margin assessment in breast excision specimen. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 23, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Natasja N.Y. Janssen, Maartje van Seijen, Claudette E. Loo, Marie-Jeanne T.F.D. Vrancken Peeters, Tara Hankel, Jan-Jakob Sonke, Jasper Nijkamp Tags: Oncology Source Type: research

Central Venous Catheter-Related Deep Vein Thrombosis in the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit
In this study, we aim to identify the incidence of and risk factors for CVC-related DVT in this high-risk population, as its complications are highly morbid. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 23, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Emily H. Steen, Javier J. Lasa, Trung C. Nguyen, Sundeep G. Keswani, Paul A. Checchia, Marc M. Anders Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Disease-Free Survival in Operated Nonmetastatic Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
In this study, we aimed to examine the factors affecting the disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with GIST who underwent operation. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 23, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Abdullah Sakin, Orcun Can, Serdar Arici, Nurgul Yasar, Caglayan Geredeli, Cumhur Demir, Sener Cihan Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

Muscle Mass, Density, and Strength Are Necessary to Diagnose Sarcopenia in Patients With Gastric Cancer
Accurate evaluation of muscle strength and function is difficult. Commonly known as sarcopenia, skeletal muscle loss is closely correlated with the prognosis of patients diagnosed with gastric cancer (GC). We wondered the correlation between skeletal muscle measures combined with computed tomography and grip strength (GS) and short-term outcomes after radical gastrectomy (RG) in patients with GC. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Ji Lin, Weiteng Zhang, Weisheng Chen, Yunshi Huang, Ruisen Wu, Xiaodong Chen, Xian Shen, Guanbao Zhu Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

Prehospital Versus Trauma Center Glasgow Coma Scale in Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury Patients
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major source of morbidity and mortality in children. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) can be challenging to calculate in pediatric patients. Our objective was to determine its reproducibility between prehospital providers and pediatric trauma hospital personnel. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Joseph D. Drews, Junxin Shi, Dominic Papandria, Krista K. Wheeler, Eric A. Sribnick, Rajan K. Thakkar Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

Effect of Elective Sigmoidectomy for Diverticulitis on Bowel Function Patient-Reported Outcomes
Diverticular disease is common worldwide. A subset of these patients will choose to undergo elective surgical resection because of symptoms or complicated disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in bowel function after elective sigmoid resection for diverticular disease. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Jenaya L. Goldwag, Racquel V. Lyn, Lauren R. Wilson, Matthew Z. Wilson, Srinivas J. Ivatury Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

Open, Laparoscopic, and Robotic Inguinal Hernia Repair: Outcomes and Predictors of Complications
In this study, we compared laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LHR) and RHR with open inguinal hernia repair (OHR) in veteran patients performed by surgeons most familiar with each approach. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Sergio Huerta, Corey Timmerman, Madison Argo, Juan Favela, Thai Pham, Sachin Kukreja, Jingsheng Yan, Hong Zhu Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

The DATE Association: A Separate Entity or a Further Extension of the VACTERL Association?
We describe the largest series of patients with such association, which we summed up with the mnemonic acronym DATE [D-duodenal obstruction, A-anorectal malformation (ARM), and TE-tracheoesophageal fistula with esophageal atresia]. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 22, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Silvia Ceccanti, Paola Midrio, Mario Messina, Girolamo Mattioli, Antonio Appignani, Vito Briganti, Maurizio Cheli, Mario Lima, Denis A. Cozzi Tags: Pediatric/Congenital/Developmental Source Type: research

A Dedicated Quarterly Research Meeting Increases Resident Research Productivity
We report the effectiveness of a dedicated division-wide quarterly research meeting in increasing the academic productivity of plastic surgery residents. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 21, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Kathleen Holoyda, Daniel Donato, Jacob Veith, Andrew Simpson, Neal Moores, Jayant Agarwal Tags: Education and Career Development Source Type: research

A Review of Postoperative Pain Management for Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery
Perioperative opioid use has been linked to abuse potential by patients, leading surgeons to scrutinize their postoperative prescribing practices. The goal of the study was to review analgesic regimens for patients undergoing thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy and extrapolate changes that could be made to decrease opioid use while maintaining adequate pain control. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 21, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Rebecca A. Uhlmann, Henry A. Reinhart, Eugene Postevka, Samuel K. Snyder, Minerva Romero Arenas Tags: Endocrine Source Type: research

Geriatric Polytrauma —Cardiovascular and Immunologic Response in a Murine Two-Hit Model of Trauma
The aims of the present study were to establish a clinically relevant two-hit model with trauma/hemorrhage followed by sepsis in older mice and investigate age-dependent cardiovascular and immunologic specificities under these conditions. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 21, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Klemens Horst, Johannes H öfler, Lukas Martin, Johannes Greven, Tobias Schürholz, Tim P. Simon, Gernot Marx, Frank Hildebrand Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

Hospitalization Burden of Biliary Strictures and Cholangitis After Pancreaticoduodenectomy
Postsurgical biliary disease in Roux-en-y and cholecystectomies has been investigated, but less literature exists regarding biliary complications after Whipple procedure (pancreaticoduodenectomy [PD]). Moreover, the hospital burden incurred after this complication has not been previously examined. The aim of this study is to assess the trends in hospitalization for biliary strictures and cholangitis after PD. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 21, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Alana Persaud, Gaurav Kakked, Ahmed Ahmed, Oleg Shulik, Sushil Ahlawat Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

Impact of Type and Number of Complications on Mortality in Admitted Elderly Blunt Trauma Patients
Advanced age and comorbidities are recognized risk factors for adverse outcomes in elderly trauma patients. However, the contribution of the number and type of complications to in-hospital mortality in elderly blunt trauma admissions has not been extensively studied. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 20, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Zaina Naeem, Jane E. McCormack, Emily C. Huang, James A. Vosswinkel, Marc J. Shapiro, Fnu Zarlasht, Randeep S. Jawa Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research