The Disturbing Findings of Pediatric Firearm Injuries From the National Trauma Data Bank: 2010-2016
This study described the intent, location, demographics, and outcomes of a nationally representative pediatric population with firearm injuries. We hypothesized that younger patients would have a higher percentage of unintentional and self-inflicted injuries with associated higher mortality rates. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - July 8, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Joseph R. Esparaz, Alicia M. Waters, Michelle S. Mathis, Luqin Deng, Rongbing Xie, Mike K. Chen, Elizabeth A. Beierle, Robert T. Russell Source Type: research

Response Regarding: Is Prophylactic Total Gastrectomy Always Indicated in CDH1 Germline Mutant Carriers?
We very much appreciate Dr Corso's response to our article and the opportunity to agree with his perspective.1 He correctly points out that with increased genetic testing, we are finding subsets of individuals who harbor a CDH1 mutation but do not otherwise fulfill the International Gastric Cancer Linkage Consortium (IGCLC) guidelines. In other words, there are CDH1 individuals with no family history of diffuse gastric cancer or lobular breast cancer (IGCLC negative), or those with limited history, perhaps a single family member with lobular breast cancer (LBC) (IGCLC partial phenotype). (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 24, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Mark D. Duncan Source Type: research

Letter Regarding: Complications and Survivorship Trends after Primary Debulking Surgery for Ovarian Cancer
Presentations given by patients at medical meetings1 have increasingly highlighted how certain medical terminology may be offensive or trivialize the implications of medical procedures performed on them. Similarly, in the realm of prostate cancer treatment, the use of the term “castration-resistant” has been highlighted as being descriptive yet pejorative.2 (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Michael Conroy, Niamh Peters, Seamus O'Reilly Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Pediatric Surgery Simulation-Based Training for the General Surgery Resident
Surgical simulation-based training (SBT) can increase resident confidence and improve performance. SBT in pediatric surgery is in its infancy and often geared toward training pediatric surgery fellows. Since case volume for various pediatric surgery –specific procedures can be low based on the rarity of the pathology involved and the level of care provided by the institution, our aim was to create a pediatric surgery simulation-based curriculum for general surgery residents to address this need. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 16, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Nicholas J. Skertich, Scott W. Schimpke, Timothy Lee, Aaron L. Wiegmann, Srikumar Pillai, Connie Rossini, Mary Beth Madonna, Ami N. Shah Source Type: research

Response Letter to the Editor: Retiring Usage of “Debulking Surgery”
We thank Conroy and colleagues for their interest in our study of complications and survivorship trends among patients with ovarian cancer.1 They report that their patients have communicated concerns with usage of the term “debulking surgery” since it can imply threats to their sexuality and femininity. We agree that it is important for researchers and clinicians to consider the implications of the use of medical terminology and to be open to criticisms when these terms may be interpreted as offensive by patients and others alike. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 16, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Adan Z. Becerra, Zhaomin Xu, Fergal J. Fleming, Sarah M. Temkin Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Corrigendum to Resolvin D1 Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide Induced Acute Lung Injury Through CXCL-12/CXCR4 Pathway [J Surg Res. 2014 May 1;188(1):213-221]
The authors regret that Figure  1H included in the published version of the manuscript was inadvertently and incorrectly reported as representing the resolvin D1 single treatment group at 72 h. This section is actually from the resolvin D1 single treatment group at 24 h. The only correction is Figure 1H; the rest of the data, including the figures, are correct and the analysis and the final conclusion remain accurate. We apologize for this oversight and for any confusion that it has caused. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 11, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Wang Yaxin, Yao Shanglong, Shu Huaqing, Liu Hong, Yuan Shiying, Chen Xiangdong, Li Ruidong, Wu Xiaoying, Guo Lina, Wang Yan Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 11, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Featured Articles
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 11, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Subscription Information
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 11, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 11, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Surgealousy
Answering the call to care for patients with COVID-19 stirs a range of emotions. This perspective explores an individual surgical resident ’s early experience in the coronavirus pandemic. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 7, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Margaret R. Connolly Source Type: research

Limited Action of Sugammadex on Postoperative Recovery of Gastrointestinal Bowel Function: The Pharmacological and Physiological Basis
We read with great interest the article by Dogan et  al.1 recently published in your remarkable journal. The effect of neuromuscular blocking agents on gastrointestinal motility is a fundamental concern in abdominal surgery. Few studies have been conducted to investigate the role of the different reversal agents in accelerating the recovery of bowel function, and the data collected so far are inconclusive. Bowel motility could impact not only clinical outcomes but also hospital length of stay and costs. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Pasquale Buonanno, Maria Vargas, Annachiara Marra, Carmine Iacovazzo, Giuseppe Servillo Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Response Regarding: What Does the Average Person Know About Endocrine and Vascular Surgeons?
We thank you for the opportunity to respond to Dr Lam's commentary regarding our work entitled “What does the average person know about endocrine and vascular surgeons?”. In his letter, Dr Lam comments that our concern that the public understanding about what an endocrine surgeon does/is may be misplaced. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - June 1, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Jessica M. Fazendin, Brenessa Lindeman Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Physician-Estimated Depth as a Screening Tool for Computed Tomography Evaluation of Pectus Excavatum
Pectus excavatum (PE) is the most common congenital chest wall anomaly with a reported incidence of 1/300 to 1/400 live births and a male predominance. Preoperative evaluation of defect severity typically requires a calculation of the Haller index (HI) and/or correction index (CI) using computed tomography (CT) or x-rays. The purpose of this study was to determine whether physician-estimated depth (PED), a bedside screening tool, could be used to identify a subset of pediatric patients in whom CT was unnecessary. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 22, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Jillian Jacobson, Heather Postma, Ali Mokdad, Faisal Qureshi, Adam Alder, Barry Hicks, Dave Schindel, Samir Pandya Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 21, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Featured Articles
Magrum et al. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 21, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Journal of Surgical Research
Publication information: Journal of Surgical Research (ISSN 0022-4804) is published monthly by Elsevier, 230 Park Avenue, Suite 800, New York, NY 10169. Periodicals postage paid at New York, NY and at additional mailing offices. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 21, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 21, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of COVID-19 on away rotations in surgical fields
The COVID-19 pandemic has presented a variety of challenges in the medical education curriculum, one of which is the possible loss of summer and fall away rotations for fourth year students applying into surgical subspecialties. Subsequently, a lack of in-person evaluations may have a major impact on an applicant ’s perception of the residency and the program’s ability to assess the individual applicant. This is especially crucial for applicants without a home program in their specialty of interest, as away rotations are an important opportunity to confirm interest in pursuit of a subspecialty, obtain le tters ...
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 21, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Carter J. Boyd, Dani C. Inglesby, Britney Corey, Benjamin J. Greene, Michael A. Harrington, Michael D. Johnson, Timothy W. King, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, M. Lance Tavana Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 19, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Featured Articles
Dobrinskikh and Al-Juboori et al. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 19, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Subscription Information
Publication information: Journal of Surgical Research (ISSN 0022-4804) is published monthly by Elsevier, 230 Park Avenue, Suite 800, New York, NY 10169. Periodicals postage paid at New York, NY and at additional mailing offices. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 19, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 19, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Acknowledgement of Referees
(Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 19, 2020 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Is Prophylactic Total Gastrectomy Always Indicated in CDH1 Germline Mutant Carriers?
I read with particular interest the recent results reported by DiBrito et  al.1 Prophylactic surgery in asymptomatic individuals carrying pathogenic germline mutations in the CDH1 gene is attracting ever increasing interest. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 19, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Giovanni Corso Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Letter Regarding: What Does the Average Person Know About Endocrine and Vascular Surgeons?
I read with great interest the recent article by Aune et  al.1 which presents evidence to suggest that public understanding of endocrine surgery and vascular surgery is low. The authors express concern about the implications of their study findings to patient care and refer to studies demonstrating superior outcomes for patients treated by high-volume su rgeons. However, this concern may be misplaced. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 19, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Chon Meng Lam Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Overcoming a Hostile Work and Learning Environment in Academic Surgery —Tools for Change at Every Level
Mistreatment has been documented as a negative factor in the learning environment for the past 30  y but little progress has been made to determine an effective way to significantly improve these interactions. Faculty may also be victims of a hostile work environment as well, although frequency has not been well-measured or reported. In fact, it may be difficult to identify and address mistreat ment and hostility in the work place within the commonly established surgical culture. Thus, efforts to define, identify, and address workplace mistreatment or hostility are crucial to the success of the academic surgical envir...
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 18, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Tara S. Kent, Julie Freischlag, Rebecca Minter, Mary Hawn, Waddah Al-Refaie, Benjamin C. James, Mariam Eskander, Danny Chu Source Type: research

#SurgEdVidz: Using Social Media to Create a Supplemental Video-Based Surgery Didactic Curriculum
A general surgery resident may have competing clinical responsibilities that limit the ability to participate in educational didactics. Social media is an alternative delivery method for educational content that can be viewed at a resident's convenience. We sought to assess the feasibility of using social media to provide educational content for surgical residents. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 14, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Douglas J. Cassidy, John T. Mullen, Denise W. Gee, Amit R.T. Joshi, Mary E. Klingensmith, Emil Petrusa, Roy Phitayakorn Source Type: research

The Value of the Surgeon Informatician
Clinical informatics is an interdisciplinary specialty that leverages big data, health information technologies, and the science of biomedical informatics within clinical environments to improve quality and outcomes in the increasingly complex and often siloed health care systems. Core competencies of clinical informatics primarily focus on clinical decision making and care process improvement, health information systems, and leadership and change management. Although the broad relevance of clinical informatics is apparent, this review focuses on its application and pertinence to the discipline of surgery, which is less we...
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 10, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Jane Zhao, Raquel Forsythe, Alexander Langerman, Genevieve B. Melton, David F. Schneider, Gretchen Purcell Jackson Tags: Research review Source Type: research

Global Surgery Pro –Con Debate: A Pathway to Bilateral Academic Success or the Bold New Face of Colonialism?
Global surgery, especially academic global surgery, is of tremendous interest to many surgeons. Classically, it entails personnel from high-income countries going to low- and middle-income countries and engaging in educational activities as well as procedures. Academic medical personnel have included students, residents, and attendings. The pervasive notion is that this is a win –win situation for the volunteers and the hosts, that is, a pathway to bilateral academic success. However, a critical examination demonstrates that it can easily become the bold new face of colonialism of a low- and middle-income country by ...
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 10, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Alyssa Scheiner, Jennifer L. Rickard, Benedict Nwomeh, Randeep S. Jawa, Enrique Ginzburg, Tamara N. Fitzgerald, Anthony Charles, Abebe Bekele Source Type: research

Response Regarding: “Bedside Anatomy”: A Tool to Contextualize Learning and Introduce Surgical Careers
We appreciate the comments from medical students Puneh Shahrjerdi and Sohail Singh regarding our article and are encouraged to learn that our surgical education model may be useful in other countries. We do believe that the impact of our program was two-fold. First, the case-based content allowed students to see the potential importance of what they were learning. But perhaps more importantly, the instruction by surgical trainees allowed medical students an opportunity to interact with surgeons early during their time in medical school. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 6, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Heather Carmichael Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Response Regarding: Gender Disparity Among Surgical Peer-Reviewed Literature
We read with great interest the article by Bernardi et  al.1 entitled “Gender disparity among surgical peer-reviewed literature.” Although there has been an increasing proportion of female medical students, significant gender disparities exist with regard to female-held physician leadership positions overall.2,3 The number of publications by female physicians and medical students has been increasing across several medical and surgical specialties, and yet this progress has not been proportionally reflected in the number of females occupying high ranking academic positions. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 3, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Aaron Shepherd, Shaikh Hai, Mark McKenney, Adel Elkbuli Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Letter Regarding: “Bedside Anatomy”: A Tool to Contextualize Learning and Introduce Surgical Careers
As medical students considering a career in surgery, we read with great interest the study by Carmichael et  al.,1 which presents a novel, potentially more engaging, method of teaching anatomy while providing an early insight into what a career in surgery may entail. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 30, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Puneh Shahrjerdi, Sohail Singh Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Number and Type of Complications Associated with Failure-To-Rescue in Trauma Patients
Failure to rescue (FTR) is becoming a ubiquitous metric of quality care. The aim of our study is to determine the type and number of complications associated with FTR following trauma. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 22, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Adam Roussas, Aaron Masjedi, Kamil Hanna, Muhammad Zeeshan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Lynn Gries, Andrew Tang, Bellal Joseph Source Type: research

Response to ‘Comments on Perioperative Outcomes and Predictors of Mortality After Surgery for Sigmoid Volvulus’
We greatly appreciate the discussion by Atamanalp on our recent article titled “Perioperative Outcomes and Predictors of Mortality After Surgery for Sigmoid Volvulus.”1 We are grateful for opinions from a leader in the field of sigmoid volvulus with years of experience and vast contribution to the literature. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 21, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Anthony Easterday, Devi Mukkai Krishnamurty Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Surgeons With Five or More Actual Cricothyrotomies Perform Significantly Better on a Virtual Reality Simulator
This study is to investigate the impact of surgeons ’ actual CCT experience on their virtual reality simulator performance and to determine the minimum number of actual CCTs that significantly discriminates simulator scores. Our hypothesis is that surgeons who performed more actual CCT cases would perform better on a virtual reality CCT simulator. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 15, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Di Qi, Emil Petrusa, Uwe Kruger, Nicholas Milef, Mohamad Rassoul Abu-Nuwar, Mohamad Haque, Robert Lim, Daniel B. Jones, Melih Turkseven, Doga Demirel, Tansel Halic, Suvranu De, Noelle Saillant Tags: Emergency surgery Source Type: research

The Correlation of Intraabdominal Pressure With Renal Resistive Index
To evaluate the correlation between intraabdominal pressure (IAP) measured via the bladder and renal resistive index (RRI) measured by Doppler ultrasonography (USG). (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 15, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Yeliz Candan, Melih Akinci, Onder Eraslan, Kerim Bora Yilmaz, Harun Karabacak, Halil Ibrahim Dural, Idil Gunes Tatar, Ismail Oskay Kaya Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

Racial and Gender Disparity in Aortoiliac Disease Open Revascularization Procedures
The impact of race and gender on surgical outcomes has been studied in infrainguinal revascularization for peripheral arterial disease. The aim of this study is to explore how race and gender affect the outcomes of suprainguinal bypass (SIB) for aortoiliac occlusive disease. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 15, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Widian Alshwaily, Besma Nejim, Hanaa D. Aridi, Isaac N. Naazie, Satinderjit Locham, Mahmoud B. Malas Tags: Vascular Source Type: research

Intraperitoneal Phototherapy Suppresses Inflammatory Reactions in a Surgical Model of Peritonitis
This study aimed to examine whether intraperitoneal irradiation by artificial sunlight suppresses inflammatory reaction in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced peritonitis model after surgical treatments. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 13, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Takao Hara, Takahiro Hiratsuka, Tsuyoshi Etoh, Yusuke Itai, Yohei Kono, Hidefumi Shiroshita, Norio Shiraishi, Masafumi Inomata Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

Comments on “Perioperative Outcomes and Predictors of Mortality after Surgery for Sigmoid Volvulus”
I read with great interest the article by Easterday et  al.1 on the outcomes of the emergency and elective surgical treatment of sigmoid volvulus (SV). Although SV, which is characterized by the wrapping of the sigmoid colon around itself causing a colonic obstruction (Figure), is a rare disease worldwide, it is endemic in eastern Turkey, where I pract ice.2 I and my colleagues have 53.5 y of experience (from June 1966 to January 2020) involving 1028 cases of SV. We have reported the largest series in the literature. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 13, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Sabri Selcuk Atamanalp Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Laparoscopy as a Diagnostic and Therapeutic Modality for Chronic Abdominal Pain of Unknown Etiology: A Literature Review
Investigate the diagnostic and therapeutic utility of laparoscopy in the management of patients with chronic abdominal pain of unknown origin. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 11, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Jasmine Zhao, Jamil S. Samaan, Omar Toubat, Kamran Samakar Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

Novel Findings on SPECT-CT Tc-99 Sestamibi Imaging for Primary Hyperparathyroidism
The addition of SPECT-CT to Tc-99 sestamibi has become a valuable tool for parathyroid localization in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP). However, the enhanced sensitivity of this test can lead to unexpected and significant findings. We sought to identify the frequency and types of nonparathyroid detections by SPECT-CT. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 11, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Reema Mallick, Jannat Malik, Linwah Yip, Ashok Muthukrishnan, Sally E. Carty, Kelly L. McCoy Tags: Endocrine Source Type: research

Experimental Models of Partial Intestinal Obstruction in Young Mice: Establishment, and Evaluation
Partial small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a common, potentially hazardous, surgical entity caused by numerous factors in humans. A number of techniques have been reported as efficient to simulate partial SBO in murine models. However, there is little data concerning their long-term survival. Our study presents a novel technique and evaluates its long-term efficiency compared with other commonly used techniques. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 10, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Ioannis Georgopoulos, Eleftheria Mavrigiannaki, Sotiria Stasinopoulou, Georgios Renieris, Georgios Nikolakis, Ioannis Chaniotakis, Dina Tiniakos, Ioannis Papaconstantinou Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

Opioid Misuse and Dependence Screening Practices Prior to Surgery
A majority of surgical patients are prescribed opioids for pain management. Many patients have pre-existing chronic pain managed with opioids and/or opioid use disorders (OUDs), which can complicate perioperative management. Patients who use opioids prior to surgery are at increased risk of developing OUD after surgery. To date, no studies have examined the prevalence of opioid screening and electronic medical record (EMR) documentation prior to surgery. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 10, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Heather F. Thiesset, Karen C. Schliep, Sean M. Stokes, Virginia L. Valentin, Lisa H. Gren, Christina A. Porucznik, Lyen C. Huang Tags: Healthcare Delivery, Quality, and Safety Source Type: research

Differences in Highly Cited and Lowly Cited Manuscripts in Plastic Surgery
There is a paucity of research comparing journal articles that accrue numerous citations with those that accrue few citations over time. Understanding differences between journal articles can help direct investigators in designing and conducting their research. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 10, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Carter J. Boyd, Jason J. Patel, Edgar Soto, Srikanth Kurapati, Kimberly D. Martin, Timothy W. King Source Type: research

Combined Endoscopic Mucosal Resection and Extended Laparoscopic Appendectomy for the Treatment of Periappendiceal, Cecal, and Appendiceal Adenomas
Surgical resection is the gold standard in the treatment of neoplasia involving the appendiceal orifice (Ao). Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of adenomas involving the Ao can be challenging because of the risk of appendicitis, perforation, or incomplete resection. Surgical resection of Ao lesions is limited by the difficulty of ensuring a negative lateral margin without compromising the ileocecal valve and usually necessitates ileocecal resection. Although combined endoscopic and laparoscopic surgery has become more widely accepted for a variety of conditions, a structured approach to lesions involving the Ao has yet to...
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 9, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Emily S. Huang, Isabelle T. Chumfong, Ahmed S. Alkoraishi, Craig A. Munroe Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

Trauma Care in India: Capacity Assessment Survey From Five Centers
This study reports the status of trauma care facilities in India, with a broad framework of guidelines for essential trauma care by the World Health Organization. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 9, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Bontha V. Babu, Karthik Vishwanathan, Aruna Ramesh, Amit Gupta, Sandeep Tiwari, Babu U. Palatty, Yogita Sharma Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Early Readmission After Acute Pancreatitis: Importance of Timely Interventions
Despite improvements in the diagnosis and care of acute pancreatitis, the mortality, morbidity, and long-term complications of this disease currently account for an annual cost of $10 billion in the United States. Lack of high-quality consolidated clinical data about this ever-increasing national and global burden makes it challenging to be able to recognize at-risk populations and intervene to avoid early readmission (ER) (i.e., readmission within 30  d of hospital discharge or ER). (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 9, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Siavash Bolourani, Li Diao, Dane A. Thompson, Ping Wang, Gene F. Coppa, Vihas M. Patel, Matthew D. Giangola Tags: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research

Death by Decade: Establishing a Transfusion Ceiling for Futility in Massive Transfusion
Age and massive transfusion are predictors of mortality after trauma. We hypothesized that increasing age and high-volume transfusion would result in progressively elevated mortality rates and that a transfusion “ceiling” would define futility. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 9, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Mackenzie C. Morris, Grace M. Niziolek, Jennifer E. Baker, Benjamin R. Huebner, Dennis Hanseman, Amy T. Makley, Timothy A. Pritts, Michael D. Goodman Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research

Treatment of Facial Fractures at a Level 1 Trauma Center: Do Medicaid and Non-Medicaid Enrollees Receive the Same Care?
The objective of this study is to compare treatment of facial fractures in patients with and without Medicaid insurance (excluding Medicare). (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - April 9, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Amanda Fazzalari, David Alfego, J. Taylor Shortsleeve, Qiming Shi, Jomol Mathew, Demetrius Litwin, Mitchell Cahan Tags: Shock/Sepsis/Trauma/Critical Care Source Type: research