A Festival of Epiphanies: Three Revelations in Support of Better Alcohol Control Policies.
Authors: Babor TF, Casswell S, Rehm J, Room R, Rossow I PMID: 33573717 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Public Health Thinking Around Alcohol-Related Harm: Why Does Per Capita Consumption Matter?
CONCLUSIONS: By reducing APC, decreases in drinking among heavy drinkers as well as among ordinary drinkers will lead to fewer alcohol-related harms. The evidence strongly suggests public health gains from universal policies targeting APC. Reducing APC is furthermore an investment in future public health, as it is likely an efficient way of preventing people from becoming very heavy drinkers, who may cause themselves and others severe health and social problems. PMID: 33573718 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol Marketing in the Era of Digital Media Platforms.
CONCLUSIONS: The review suggests that in addition to assessing the content, volume, and placement of alcohol advertising, research and regulatory responses need to address alcohol marketing on digital platforms as a dynamic, participatory, and data-driven process. PMID: 33573719 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Impact of Unrecorded Alcohol Use on Health: What Do We Know in 2020?
CONCLUSIONS: Policy options include restricting access to methanol, increasing taxation, denaturing ethanol-containing liquids that could be used as surrogates, introducing more effective and less toxic denaturizing additives, and improving monitoring systems for fraud, tax evasion, and local sales restrictions, including raising the minimum legal drinking age. These measures should be implemented within a holistic policy framework to avoid unintended effects, such as an increase in total alcohol consumption, shifts from certain types of unrecorded products to potentially toxic alternatives, or limiting economic activity a...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Managing COVID-19 Transmission Risks in Bars: An Interview and Observation Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the efforts of bar operators and guidance from government, potentially significant risks of COVID-19 transmission persisted in a substantial minority of observed bars, especially when customers were intoxicated. PMID: 33573721 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Trends in Youth Exposure to Alcohol Advertising on Cable Television, United States, 2013-2018.
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol advertising exposure among younger children grew faster than in other age groups assessed in this study. This was also the case for advertisements that complied with the alcohol industry's placement guidelines. Continued monitoring of alcohol advertising exposure among underage populations can help detect emerging trends. PMID: 33573722 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol Labeling Regulations and Industry Compliance in Nigeria: Evidence to Guide Policy Implementation.
CONCLUSIONS: The alcohol labeling regulations in Nigeria fall short of the World Health Organization labeling recommendations. The alcohol industry does not fully comply with labeling requirements in Nigeria. Enhanced labeling inclusive of health warnings should be mandatory as a strategy to create awareness of alcohol-related risks while monitoring industry-labeling practices to ensure compliance. PMID: 33573723 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Keg Registration Laws, Alcohol Consumption, and Alcohol-Related Traffic Fatalities Among Adolescents.
This study investigated the effect of keg registration laws on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related traffic fatalities in the United States. METHOD: The 1993-2013 data from Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (n = 107,480) and Fatality Analysis Reporting System (n = 12,102) and difference-in-differences type models were used to estimate the effect of keg registration laws on different indicators of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related traffic fatalities among underage youth. RESULTS: Introduction of keg registration laws was associated with a 2.3 percentage point reduction (p
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Exploring the Impact of Secondary Supply Laws on Adolescent Drinking Trends in Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: SSLs are challenging to enforce, and, although they may empower parents to have more control over their children's drinking, they were not associated with reductions in adolescent drinking in Australia. Researchers looking to explain the decline in adolescent drinking in Australia should investigate factors beyond SSLs. PMID: 33573725 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Partners or Opponents? Alcohol Industry Strategy and the 2016 Revision of the U.K. Low-Risk Drinking Guidelines.
CONCLUSIONS: The present case adds new insights into the political strategies of alcohol industry actors to undermine public health, providing evidence of confrontational tactics. It draws attention to the failure of self-regulatory regimes to incorporate basic public health messaging. PMID: 33573726 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Key Subgroup Differences in Age-Related Change From 18 to 55 in Alcohol and Marijuana Use: U.S. National Data.
CONCLUSIONS: Longitudinal data showed patterns of alcohol and marijuana use across adulthood. Such patterns highlight sociodemographic risk factors across the life span, ages that should be targeted for clinician awareness and intervention efforts, and populations at particular risk of harm from alcohol and marijuana co-use during adulthood. PMID: 33573727 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Recreational Marijuana Legalization and Use Among California Adolescents: Findings From a Statewide Survey.
Authors: Paschall MJ, García-Ramírez G, Grube JW Abstract OBJECTIVE: The legalization of recreational marijuana use and retail sales raises concerns about possible effects on marijuana use among adolescents. We evaluated the effects of recreational marijuana legalization (RML) in California in November 2016 on use among adolescents and investigated subgroup differences in these effects. METHOD: We analyzed data from successive cross-sectional samples of 7th, 9th, and 11th grade students (N = 3,330,912) who participated in the California Healthy Kids Survey from 2010-2011 to 2018-2019. Participants...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Valuing Cultural Activities Moderating the Association Between Alcohol Expectancies and Alcohol Use Among First Nation Adolescents.
We examined the moderating role that valuing cultural activities has on the relationship between positive alcohol expectancies and alcohol use and heavy drinking in a sample of Indigenous youth. METHOD: First Nation adolescents between ages 11 and 18 living on a reserve in eastern Canada (N = 106; mean age = 14.6; 50.0% female) completed a pencil-and-paper survey regarding their positive alcohol expectancies, alcohol use, and beliefs about the importance of cultural activities. RESULTS: A significant interaction was identified between positive alcohol expectancies and valuing cultural activities on past-3-month alc...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Finding and Keeping Friends in College and Their Influence on Alcohol Use: A Network Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Friends influence one another's weekly drinking and binge drinking, whereas conversely, alcohol use contributes to both friendship formation and friendship instability. PMID: 33573730 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Patterns of Alcohol Use Among Transgender Patients Receiving Care at the Veterans Health Administration: Overall and Relative to Nontransgender Patients.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest study of patterns of alcohol use among transgender persons and among the first to directly compare patterns to nontransgender persons. Findings suggest nuanced associations with patterns of alcohol use and provide a base for further disparities research to explore alcohol use within the diverse transgender community. Research with self-reported measures of gender identity and sex-at-birth and structured assessment of alcohol use and disorders is needed. PMID: 33573731 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Associations Between Proactive Slowing, Working Memory, Alcohol Sensitivity, and Alcohol Use.
CONCLUSIONS: These studies provide no support for the associations between alcohol use indices and working memory capacity, reactive control, and proactive slowing. PMID: 33573732 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Differential Nonenrollment of Taiwanese Children in School-Based Substance Use Prevention Studies: A Multilevel Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Nonresponse to the consent request or negative consent appeared to be associated with disadvantaged background and unfavorable parent-child interaction. This suggests complex pathways underlying ascertainment and a need to modify the consent practices in school-based prevention studies involving minors, especially in schools with higher ethnic minority composition. PMID: 33573733 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

"The Times They Are a-Changin'": Addressing Common Misconceptions About the Role of Safe Supply in North America's Overdose Crisis.
"The Times They Are a-Changin'": Addressing Common Misconceptions About the Role of Safe Supply in North America's Overdose Crisis. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Jan;82(1):158-160 Authors: Bonn M, Palayew A, Bartlett S, Brothers TD, Touesnard N, Tyndall M PMID: 33573734 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 13, 2021 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol Advertising, Promotion, and Sponsorship: A Review of Regulatory Policies in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
CONCLUSIONS: The study's findings point to the growing power of TACs in the region and call for the need for stronger measures based on scientific evidence of effectiveness that are implemented without interference from commercial interests. PMID: 33308397 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Industry Actor Use of Research Evidence: Critical Analysis of Australian Alcohol Policy Submissions.
CONCLUSIONS: The extent to which the examined industry actors misused scientific evidence in their submissions to a wide range of alcohol policy consultations in Australia suggests the need for governments to consider excluding the industry from consultation on the regulation of alcohol. PMID: 33308398 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Right Time and Place: A New Approach for Prioritizing Alcohol Enforcement and Prevention Efforts by Combining the Prevalence and the Success Rate for Minors Purchasing Alcohol Themselves.
CONCLUSIONS: To control commercial alcohol availability efficiently for minors in the Netherlands, our estimates suggest that enforcement and prevention efforts should prioritize bars/cafes/discos. However, local authorities should also consider local circumstances and maintain a base amount of attention for all vendor types. Ultimately, the CAAE has the potential to improve enforcer capacity and efficiency in policing commercial alcohol regulation, and prevention workers could align their interventions or campaigns to high-ranked vendor types. PMID: 33308399 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Changes in Alcohol Consumption Among College Students Due to COVID-19: Effects of Campus Closure and Residential Change.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants reduced their quantity of drinking during the COVID-19 pandemic. Returning to live with parents during emerging adulthood may be protective for heavy drinking. PMID: 33308400 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

How I Learned That Cigarettes Were Addictive--1970s to 1980s: A Personal History.
Authors: Kozlowski LT Abstract OBJECTIVE: This is a personal history of how I came to view cigarette smoking as an addiction to nicotine. I discuss working with Stanley Schachter and Murray Jarvik. Although I note the importance of Michael Russell (as do many colleagues), I draw attention to the considerable effect on my work of Edward Brecher through his 1972 book, Licit and Illicit Drugs. I give examples of the influence of the makers and sellers of nicotine-containing gum on my career in Canada and the United States as well as on the careers of several important colleagues. Ted Klein, who did public relations fo...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Making the Case for Nicotine Addiction: Select Reminiscences - A Commentary on Kozlowski et al. (2020).
Authors: Jaffe JH PMID: 33308402 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Polysubstance Injection Drug Use, HIV Risk Behaviors, and Interest in Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Among People Who Inject Drugs in Rural West Virginia.
CONCLUSIONS: Patterns of polysubstance IDU have unique relationships with key HIV risk factors and protective behaviors. The expansion of harm reduction services in rural settings is warranted to prevent incident HIV infections. PMID: 33308403 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Changes in Opioid Overdose Emergency Encounters Associated with Expansion of Wisconsin Medicaid to Childless Adults in Poverty.
CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between Medicaid expansion and opioid ED use is complex. Changes in case mix and increased access to care likely both play a role in the overall increase in these ED visits. Being uninsured may be an important barrier to seeking emergency care for opioid-related overdoses. PMID: 33308404 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Opioid-Related Emergency Department Visits and Access to Health Care--An Opportunity for Treatment Engagement.
Authors: Ali MM PMID: 33308405 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Gender Differences and the Role of Social Inequality in Alcohol's Harm to Others in Europe.
CONCLUSIONS: As higher levels of AHTO were observed in jurisdictions with greater social inequality, reducing alcohol consumption and social inequalities should be key interventions in attempting to reduce AHTO in Europe. PMID: 33308406 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Neighborhood Context and Drug Use Among Mexican Americans on and off the U.S.-Mexico Border.
CONCLUSIONS: Neighborhood-level variables partially explain the heterogeneity in drug use across sites at the U.S.-Mexico border, but different factors appear to be operating for men compared with women. These findings suggest the potential importance of addressing neighborhood factors in reducing drug-related harm at the U.S.-Mexico border. PMID: 33308407 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Drinking Context-Specific Dose-Response Models of Intimate Partner Violence Among an Urban Emergency Department Sample.
Authors: Cunradi CB, Ponicki WR, Alter HJ, Caetano R, Mair C, Lee J Abstract OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study evaluates the association between physical intimate partner violence (IPV) and frequencies of drinking and volume consumed in six different contexts among a sample of urban emergency department (ED) patients. METHOD: We obtained survey data from 1,037 married, cohabiting, or partnered patients (53% female; 50% Hispanic; 29% African American) at a Northern California safety-net hospital. Past-year physical IPV was measured with the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale. We asked patients about frequency of...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Reduction and Cessation of Alcohol, Cannabis, and Stimulant Use: Prospective Associations With Changes in Depressive Symptoms Across Two Cohort Studies of Sexual and Gender Minorities.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that clinical interventions targeting substance use may simultaneously reduce depressive symptoms and that reductions in alcohol use (even in the absence of cessation) may simultaneously benefit mental health among SGM-AMAB. The limited evidence of prospective effects over 6 months suggests that studies with shorter lags may be better equipped to examine the directionality of the association between depressive symptoms and substance use/reduction. PMID: 33308409 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Substance Misuse Profiles of Women in Families Receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Benefits: Findings from a National Sample.
CONCLUSIONS: Although special attention needs to be paid to integrated care for those at risk of multiple substance misuse, additional efforts are required to increase substance abuse and mental health treatment among women at risk of marijuana and alcohol misuse. PMID: 33308410 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Effects of Polygenic Risk and Perceived Friends' Drinking and Disruptive Behavior on Development of Alcohol Use Across Adolescence.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents at heightened genetic risk may accelerate their alcohol use across adolescence, although not significantly more so in the presence of these alcohol-promoting peer environments. Future well-powered, theoretically driven replication efforts are needed to examine generalizability of these findings across diverse samples. PMID: 33308411 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Does Neighborhood Alcohol Availability Moderate the Impact of Familial Liability and Marital Status on Risk for Alcohol Use Disorders? A Swedish National Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Environments that provide easy access to alcohol augment the impact of a range of risk factors for AUD, especially familial vulnerability and the reduced social constraints associated with single, divorced, and widowed marital status. PMID: 33308412 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome Among Pregnant Women: Beyond Diagnosis--Potentially Harmful Consequences.
Authors: LaForgue EJ, Lesage A, Schreck B, Guerlais M, Victorri-Vigneau C PMID: 33308413 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Refinement of Comprehensive Low-Risk Drinking Guidelines Needs To Be Based on Research That Examines the Full Complexity of Drinking Choices: A Comment on Sherk et al. (2020).
Authors: Nason ME PMID: 33308414 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

"Low-Risk Drinking" Guidelines: A Step Forward or a New Smokescreen? A Comment on Sherk et al. (2020).
"Low-Risk Drinking" Guidelines: A Step Forward or a New Smokescreen? A Comment on Sherk et al. (2020). J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2020 Nov;81(6):828-829 Authors: Braillon A PMID: 33308415 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Rethinking Low-Risk Drinking Guidelines Through a Psychosocial Availability Lens: A Reply to Nason (2020) and Braillon (2020).
Authors: Sherk A, Thomas G, Churchill S, Stockwell T PMID: 33308416 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Alcohol Use Among Adolescents in South Asia: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: The distal determinants of alcohol use among adolescents living in South Asia are largely unknown. As adolescent drinking behaviors change in response to social media and industry influence, more evidence is needed to reflect the South Asia context. PMID: 33028463 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Drug Poisoning Deaths Among Women: A Scoping Review.
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of studies on drug poisoning deaths among women involved descriptive epidemiological data, primarily prevalence estimates, with limited in-depth analyses of factors explaining these trends. To inform policies and practices to prevent drug poisoning deaths among women, more evidence is required on risk factors specifically related to women. PMID: 33028464 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Addressing the Syndemic of HIV, Hepatitis C, Overdose, and COVID-19 Among People Who Use Drugs: The Potential Roles for Decriminalization and Safe Supply.
Authors: Bonn M, Palayew A, Bartlett S, Brothers TD, Touesnard N, Tyndall M Abstract People who use drugs (PWUD) face concurrent public health emergencies from overdoses, HIV, hepatitis C, and COVID-19, leading to an unprecedented syndemic. Responses to PWUD that go beyond treatment--such as decriminalization and providing a safe supply of pharmaceutical-grade drugs--could reduce impacts of this syndemic. Solutions already implemented for COVID-19, such as emergency safe-supply prescribing and providing housing to people experiencing homelessness, must be sustained once COVID-19 is contained. This pandemic is not o...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Use Without Consequences? A Commentary on Bonn et al. (2020).
Authors: Carroll KM PMID: 33028466 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Putting the Horse Before the Unicorn: A Safe Supply Strategy Should Begin With Partial Agonists--A Commentary on Bonn et al. (2020).
Authors: Del Pozo B, Rawson RA PMID: 33028467 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Unsafe Supply: Why Making Controlled Prescription Drugs Available for Unsupervised Use Will Not Target the Syndemic of HIV, Hepatitis C, Overdose, and COVID-19-- A Commentary on Bonn et al. (2020).
Authors: Lembke A PMID: 33028468 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Interaction Between the 5-Hydroxytryptamine Transporter-Linked Polymorphic Region (5-HTTLPR) and Negative Life Events in Adolescent Heavy Drinking.
CONCLUSIONS: Using large prospective data, it appears that there is no evidence for 5-HTTLPR-moderated drinking following experience of negative life events and no support for 5-HTTLPR-moderated selection to negative life events among mid/late adolescents. This finding may inform developmental patterns in gene and environment interaction effects by showing that the effects are less pronounced in mid/late adolescence than in early adolescence. PMID: 33028469 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol Use Disorder and Parental Alcohol Use Disorder as Predictors of Reproductive Timing.
CONCLUSIONS: AUD and parental AUD are unique predictors of reproductive timing. Parental AUD was associated with early reproduction. Children of parents with AUD may be vulnerable to sexual risk behaviors in adolescence regardless of their own AUD diagnosis, given the constellation of personality and environmental risk factors associated with parental AUD. In contrast, replicating prior findings, AUD was associated with delayed reproduction and the absence of reproduction. AUD may delay reproductive onset through either biological or psychosocial mediators, such as delays in role transitions. PMID: 33028470 [PubMed - i...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol-Related Neurocognitive Disorders: A Naturalistic Study of Nosology and Estimation of Prevalence in South Wales, United Kingdom.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide a novel understanding of ARND prevalence in a previously understudied area, although the prevalence estimate is conservative and should be interpreted cautiously for reasons discussed. Findings also highlight an inconsistency between diagnoses presented in nosological systems (e.g., International Classification of Diseases-10th Revision) and those used in practice and therefore a need to evaluate novel diagnostic conceptualizations of alcohol-related neurocognitive impairment. PMID: 33028471 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

A Longitudinal Analysis of Nicotine Dependence and Transitions From Dual Use of Cigarettes and Electronic Cigarettes: Evidence From Waves 1-3 of the PATH Study.
This study evaluates the relationship between overall and product-specific nicotine dependence and the transitions between dual use of cigarettes and e-cigarettes versus exclusive cigarette or e-cigarette use over time. METHOD: This study used data from Waves 1-3 (2013-2016) of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study. Weighted logistic regressions with person-level random effects tested relationships between nicotine dependence and dual versus exclusive use over time. Dual use transitions were then compared with the characteristics of e-cigarette devices used and reasons to use them. RESULTS: H...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Diversion of Medical Marijuana to Unintended Users Among U.S. Adults Age 35 and 55, 2013-2018.
CONCLUSIONS: Results indicated a substantial degree of nonmedical (i.e., recreational) marijuana use. Diverted and NMM users reported generally similar levels of health conditions, whereas diverted users had fewer indicators of poor health than recommended users. PMID: 33028473 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol-Related Risky Behavior Patterns and Their Association With Alcohol Use and Perceived Alcohol Stigma in Moshi, Tanzania.
CONCLUSIONS: Three different classes of risky behaviors became apparent and were distinguished by gender, age, and personal alcohol use. Our findings suggest a potential role for personalized interventions based on latent classes specifically to reduce risk behaviors. PMID: 33028474 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research