The Long-Term Associations Between Direct and Threatened Physical Violence in Adolescence and Symptoms of Substance Use Disorders During the Mid-30s.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents who are threatened with physical assaults or injured by physical assaults have significantly more alcohol use symptoms in their mid-30s than nonvictimized adolescents, but these associations are completely explained by subsequent victimization during young adulthood. PMID: 32359041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Efficacy of the eCHECKUP TO GO for High School Seniors: Sex Differences in Risk Factors, Protective Behavioral Strategies, and Alcohol Use.
CONCLUSIONS: Results of this study extend the literature by demonstrating the efficacy of the eCHECKUP TO GO for both males and females on reducing cognitive risk factors and alcohol use, although results were significant for a broader range of variables for females. Results also indicate that program content regarding normative feedback and protective behavioral strategies may need modification to be more effective for this age group. PMID: 32359042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Do the Costs of AUD-Related Health and Social Care Services Vary Across Patient Profiles?
CONCLUSIONS: Receiving only AUD treatment was associated with the lowest cost of care. Our results support the early identification of AUDs and provision of treatment in specialized addiction services to lower the costs of care and improve care outcomes. PMID: 32359043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Group Versus Standard Behavioral Couples' Therapy for Alcohol Use Disorder Patients: Cost-Effectiveness.
CONCLUSIONS: As expected, G-BCT was delivered at a lower cost per patient than S-BCT; however, S-BCT performed better over time on the clinical outcomes studied. These economic findings indicate that alcohol use disorder treatment providers should seriously consider S-BCT over G-BCT when deciding what format to use in behavioral couples' therapy. PMID: 32359044 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Long-Term Effects of Early Adolescent Marijuana Use on Attentional and Inhibitory Control.
This study sought to examine the prospective effects of early adolescent marijuana use on late adolescent attentional and inhibitory control. Alcohol use, antisocial problems, and gender were included as statistical control variables. METHOD: The community sample of 387 adolescents and a caregiver was drawn from a longitudinal study of adolescent substance use that included nine annual assessments. Adolescents were eligible if they were between ages 11 and 12 at recruitment and did not have any disabilities that would preclude them from either understanding or completing the assessment. The sample was evenly split on g...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Does Unit-Dose Packaging Influence Understanding of Serving Size Information for Cannabis Edibles?
Authors: Goodman S, Hammond D Abstract OBJECTIVE: Edible cannabis products have increased in popularity, particularly in jurisdictions that have legalized nonmedical cannabis. Rates of adverse events from cannabis edibles have also increased, in part because of difficulties identifying and titrating tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) levels. The current study tested whether packaging cannabis in separate units enhances consumer understanding of serving sizes. METHOD: An experimental task was conducted as part of the 2018 International Cannabis Policy Study online survey. Participants were recruited from the Nielsen Glo...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Youth Perceptions of Parental Involvement and Monitoring, Discrepancies With Parental Perceptions, and Their Associations With First Cigarette Use in Black and White Girls.
CONCLUSIONS: Girls whose parents have limited awareness of their whereabouts and friends (i.e., low monitoring) are at an elevated risk for trying cigarettes, but parent-daughter differences in perceived awareness do not affect risk. By contrast, girls who perceive a lower degree of parental involvement than their parents do are at increased risk. Monitoring is one component of parenting that may reduce smoking risk; shared perspectives on the parent's level of involvement are similarly important. PMID: 32359047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Temporal Dynamics of Smoking-Related Approach Biases: A Comparison Between Male Smokers and Nonsmokers.
CONCLUSIONS: This study found that smokers have a strong, immediate approach bias toward smoking-related cues. But this approach bias will keep changing with increased cognitive processing time. Temporal dynamics may be an important feature of the addiction-related approach bias. PMID: 32359048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Hookah Susceptibility and Transitions Over the First Year of College.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the role of susceptibility in the trajectory of hookah use among U.S. college students. PMID: 32359049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Simultaneous Alcohol and Marijuana Use: A Brief Measure of Motives.
CONCLUSIONS: The psychometrically sound measure developed in this study facilitates the examination of SAM motives in clinical settings with time-constrained patient contact and can be valuable for research involving frequent and repeated measures of substance use behaviors. PMID: 32359050 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Assessment of Alcohol Use and Consequences: Comparison of Data Collected Via Timeline Followback Interview and Daily Reports.
CONCLUSIONS: Recall of drinking behavior during TLFB and daily reports may differ in systematic ways, with discrepancies varying based on participant and methodological characteristics. PMID: 32359051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Only Total Abstinence From Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy Guarantees Absolute Absence of Any Deleterious Effect in the Fetus and Child.
Authors: Pichini S, Busardò FP, Garcia-Algar O PMID: 32359052 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Arrogance of Power: Alcohol Industry Interference With Warning Label Research.
Authors: Babor TF PMID: 32359053 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Effects of Alcohol Warning Labels on Population Alcohol Consumption: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis of Alcohol Sales in Yukon, Canada.
Authors: Zhao J, Stockwell T, Vallance K, Hobin E Abstract OBJECTIVE: There is limited evidence that alcohol warning labels (AWLs) affect population alcohol consumption. New evidence-informed AWLs were introduced in the sole government-run liquor store in Whitehorse, Yukon, that included a cancer warning (Ca), low-risk drinking guidelines (LRDGs) and standard drink (SD) messages. These temporarily replaced previous pregnancy warning labels. We test if the intervention was associated with reduced alcohol consumption. METHOD: An interrupted time series study was designed to evaluate the effects of the AWLs on con...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Baseline Assessment of Alcohol-Related Knowledge of and Support for Alcohol Warning Labels Among Alcohol Consumers in Northern Canada and Associations With Key Sociodemographic Characteristics.
CONCLUSIONS: Few consumers in this study had key alcohol-related health knowledge; however, there was moderate support for AWLs as a tool to raise awareness. Implementation of information-based interventions such as evidence-informed AWLs with health messages including alcohol-related cancer risk, standard drink information, and national drinking guidelines is warranted. PMID: 32359055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Testing Alcohol Labels as a Tool to Communicate Cancer Risk to Drinkers: A Real-World Quasi-Experimental Study.
CONCLUSIONS: In a real-world setting, cancer warning labels get noticed and increase knowledge that alcohol can cause cancer. Additional cancer label intervention studies are required that are not compromised by industry interference. PMID: 32359056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Examining the Impact of Alcohol Labels on Awareness and Knowledge of National Drinking Guidelines: A Real-World Study in Yukon, Canada.
CONCLUSIONS: Enhanced alcohol labels get noticed and may be an effective population-level strategy for increasing awareness and knowledge of national drinking guidelines. PMID: 32359057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

News Media and the Influence of the Alcohol Industry: An Analysis of Media Coverage of Alcohol Warning Labels With a Cancer Message in Canada and Ireland.
CONCLUSIONS: News coverage of AWLs with a cancer message was more supportive in Canada than Ireland, where alcohol industry perspectives were consistently foregrounded. Industry arguments opposing the cancer label bore similarities across contexts, often distorting or denying the evidence. Increasing awareness of industry messaging strategies may generate more critical coverage of industry lobbying activities and increase public support for alcohol policies. PMID: 32359058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Cancer Warning Labels on Alcohol Containers: A Consumer's Right to Know, a Government's Responsibility to Inform, and an Industry's Power to Thwart.
Authors: Stockwell T, Solomon R, O'Brien P, Vallance K, Hobin E Abstract OBJECTIVE: Although the World Health Organization (WHO) declared alcohol a Class 1 carcinogen 30 years ago, few governments have communicated this fact to the public. We illustrate how alcohol industry groups seek to keep their customers in the dark about alcohol-related cancer risks. In Canada, a federally funded scientific study examining the introduction of cancer warning labels on containers was shut down following industry interference. We show that the industry complaints about the study had no legal merit. Of 47 WHO member countries wit...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - May 4, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Effects of Extensions and Restrictions in Alcohol Trading Hours on the Incidence of Assault and Unintentional Injury: Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: On balance, this review augments existing evidence that harm typically increases after extensions in on-license alcohol trading hours. It provides new evidence that alcohol-related harm decreases when on- and off-license trading hours are restricted. PMID: 32048597 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Violence Prevention Potential of Reducing Alcohol Outlet Access in Baltimore, Maryland.
CONCLUSIONS: For preventing homicides, the strategy of removing liquor stores in residential zones was preferred because it was associated with substantial reductions in homicides without closing unacceptably high numbers of outlets. It is possible that policies that close the bars/taverns operating as liquor stores would be associated with decreases in other types of violent crime. PMID: 32048598 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Youth Exposure to Alcohol Advertising in the United States: Assessment of Two Types of Television Ratings and Implications for Voluntary Advertising Guidelines.
CONCLUSIONS: Both underage viewers and young adults switched channels during alcohol advertisements. Using commercial ratings rather than program ratings may more accurately measure compliance with alcohol industry advertising guidelines. PMID: 32048599 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Regulating Alcohol Marketing on Social Media: Outcomes and Limitations of Marketing Restrictions of Finland's 2015 Alcohol Act.
Authors: Katainen A, Kauppila E, Svensson J, Lindeman M, Hellman M Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the 2015 law restricting alcohol marketing on social media in Finland. METHOD: The study compared posts that market alcohol on Finnish and Swedish social media in terms of number, content, and user engagement during the month of January in three separate years: 1 year before, 1 year after, and 2 years after the 2015 Alcohol Act came into effect in Finland. The data consisted of all posts (Finland, N = 1,536; Sweden, N = 1,204) published during the selected months by alc...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Policy Influencer and General Public Support for Proposed Alcohol Healthy Public Policy Options in Alberta and Quebec, Canada.
CONCLUSIONS: For health advocates to advance policies to reduce alcohol-related harms at the population level, they will need to mobilize additional support for more intrusive, yet more effective, policy interventions. Advocacy efforts should focus on communicating the effectiveness and positive outcomes of these interventions to help garner support. PMID: 32048601 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol Policies in U.S. States, 1999-2018.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on this policy scale, few states have restrictive policy environments. Although states adopted policies targeting impaired driving during the study period, there was no change in policies to reduce excessive drinking. PMID: 32048602 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Is the Gender Gap in Overdose Deaths (Still) Decreasing? An Examination of Opioid Deaths in Delaware, 2013-2017.
CONCLUSIONS: Overdose deaths seem to have returned to a historically familiar pattern of dominance by younger males. Our findings suggest the gender-age distribution in deaths to specific opioid types must be considered for effective intervention. PMID: 32048603 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol Dependence and Reproductive Onset in Women, Updated: Analyses of Research and State-Level Administrative Data.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings for EA twins are consistent with the broader literature indicating increased risk of teen motherhood associated with early-onset and problem drinking, but suggest that this may be explained by other correlated risk factors. The more robust finding, confirming relatively recent research, is of delayed childbearing associated with alcohol dependence. PMID: 32048604 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

What's the Harm in Getting High? Evaluating Associations Between Marijuana and Harm as Predictors of Concurrent and Prospective Marijuana Use and Misuse.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings provide preliminary evidence that stronger marijuana-harm associations may act as a protective factor against marijuana use and risk of CUD. PMID: 32048605 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Prospective Association of Negative Urgency With Hazardous Drinking Via Impaired Control: A Moderating Role of Alcohol Sensitivity.
CONCLUSIONS: Using prospective data from a unique sample of young adults, the present study partially replicates prior cross-sectional findings suggesting that the indirect association between urgency and hazardous drinking via impaired control over alcohol is moderated by alcohol sensitivity. PMID: 32048606 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Social Cognitive Moderators of the Relationship Between Social Anxiety and Alcohol Outcomes in Young People.
CONCLUSIONS: Social anxiety was associated with reduced alcohol consumption when young people anticipated positive evaluations for being drunk and had high confidence to control their drinking. Further, social anxiety was associated with alcohol-related harms when young people had low confidence to control their drinking. Interventions for alcohol use among socially anxious young people could focus on increasing confidence to control drinking. PMID: 32048607 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Measuring Drug Use Among Drivers: How Accurate Is Self-Reported Use?
CONCLUSIONS: Roadside surveys of drivers are an important method for gathering the types of data needed to monitor trends in drug use. The findings reinforce the importance of gathering multiple types of data to understand drug use among drivers. The many factors that influence self-reporting, as well as the limitations of biological measures, both pose challenges to accurately measuring drug use. Future studies should investigate ways to improve measurement of drug use in this population. PMID: 32048608 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

LSD Overdoses: Three Case Reports.
CONCLUSIONS: There appear to be unpredictable, positive sequelae that ranged from improvements in mental illness symptoms to reduction in physical pain and morphine withdrawal symptoms. Also, an LSD overdose while in early pregnancy did not appear to cause harm to the fetus. PMID: 32048609 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - February 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Compliance With Personal ID Regulations by Recreational Marijuana Stores in Two U.S. States.
Authors: Buller DB, Woodall WG, Saltz R, Buller MK Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure compliance with age and personal ID regulations by state-licensed recreational marijuana stores in two states. METHOD: Recreational marijuana stores (N = 175) in Colorado and Washington State were each visited twice by pseudo-buyer assessment teams in September 2016 to April 2017. The observer entered the store first, performed an environmental scan, and observed the buyer's purchase behavior. In both Washington State visits and in the first visit in Colorado, a young-adult buyer attempted to enter th...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Compliance With Personal ID Regulations by Recreational Marijuana Stores in Two U.S. States.
Authors: Buller DB, Woodall WG, Saltz R, Buller MK Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure compliance with age and personal ID regulations by state-licensed recreational marijuana stores in two states. METHOD: Recreational marijuana stores (N = 175) in Colorado and Washington State were each visited twice by pseudo-buyer assessment teams in September 2016 to April 2017. The observer entered the store first, performed an environmental scan, and observed the buyer's purchase behavior. In both Washington State visits and in the first visit in Colorado, a young-adult buyer attempted to enter th...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 6, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Effects of Common and Rare Chromosome 4 GABAergic Gene Variation on Alcohol Use and Antisocial Behavior.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that both rare and common variant associations in GABRA2 confer risk for alcohol use disorder and antisocial behaviors, indicating a potential liability toward externalizing behavior more broadly. PMID: 31790348 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Sex Differences in the Effect of Nucleus Accumbens Volume on Adolescent Drinking: The Mediating Role of Sensation Seeking in the NCANDA Sample.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that delayed structural maturation of the NAcc may be a risk factor for alcohol use in adolescence; however, the mechanism by which the structure of the NAcc confers risk differs by sex. PMID: 31790349 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Insular Risk Processing Predicts Alcohol Use Via Externalizing Pathway in Male Adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest gender differences in vulnerability to later alcohol use, specifically in terms of how a neurobiological susceptibility to risk insensitivity may disproportionately influence male adolescents' externalizing symptomatology. Male adolescents who do not effectively integrate risk-related signals are likely to engage in externalizing behaviors, which in turn are related to later alcohol use. Findings also suggest differential roles of risk-related brain function that contribute to gendered pathways to adolescent health-risk behaviors. PMID: 31790350 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal o...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Association Between Negative and Positive Affect and Alcohol Use: An Ambulatory Study.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings are important for understanding affect as an antecedent to alcohol use, which may ultimately have implications for the development of alcohol use disorder. PMID: 31790351 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Changes in Sexual Identity and Associations With Alcohol Use and Depression Among Young Adult Sexual Minority Women.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide additional evidence that sexual identity continues to change over time for a sizeable proportion of young adult sexual minority women and these changes are relevant to their health and well-being. PMID: 31790352 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Disposition-Content Congruency in Adolescents' Alcohol-Related Social Media (Self-) Effects: The Role of the Five-Factor Model.
CONCLUSIONS: Social media can play a role in adolescents' drinking behavior, but this role is partially dependent on temperamental predispositions. PMID: 31790353 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Gender-Specific Predictors of Recidivism Among DUI Offenders.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that within broad categories of risk factors, the predictive validity of specific assessment items may vary by sex. Our methods represent progression toward more efficient prediction of DUI recidivists. PMID: 31790354 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Testing Consensus About Situational Norms on Drinking: A Cross-National Comparison.
CONCLUSIONS: Although societies vary in their acceptance of drinking and the drinking amount, there seems to be an approximately shared ordering of situations in terms of relative acceptability of drinking and heavier drinking. At the societal level, there is more consensus on where there should be no drinking than on where drinking enough to feel the effects is acceptable. PMID: 31790355 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Adolescent Tobacco Use and Misperceptions of Social Norms Across Schools in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: Norm misperceptions are pervasive across a diversity of students and schools, whereas perceptions of peer norms about tobacco use are highly associated with personal attitude and use. Results suggest that population-wide interventions correcting these misperceptions may help reduce tobacco use broadly among youth. PMID: 31790356 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Close Friends' Drinking and Personal Income as Mediators of Extreme Drinking: A Prospective Investigation.
CONCLUSIONS: Living on campus and working more than 30 hours per week during the first 2 years after high school increased risk for drinking three times above the binge drinking threshold at 4 years after high school. PMID: 31790357 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Acquiring a Medical Marijuana Card: A Longitudinal Examination of Young Adults in California.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that more frequent use, not necessarily mental and physical health concerns, is a main influence on medical marijuana card acquisition. PMID: 31790359 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Increasing Access to Opioid Use Disorder Treatment: Assessing State Policies and the Evidence Behind Them.
CONCLUSIONS: States in this study reported substantial progress in increasing access to medication-assisted treatment, but empirical evidence of their effects is still emerging. PMID: 31790360 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - December 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Anatomy of Two Epidemics: What We Can Learn From Studying Long Waves of Alcohol and Opioid Use.
Authors: Babor TF, Ferreira-Borges C PMID: 31603745 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Are Trends in Alcohol Consumption and Cause-Specific Mortality in Russia Between 1990 and 2017 the Result of Alcohol Policy Measures?
CONCLUSIONS: A combination of several factors seems to be at play to explain alcohol consumption and mortality trends: the general economic situation, the availability and affordability of alcohol, and the changing patterns of alcohol consumption. Alcohol control measures seem to have had a positive impact on decreasing alcohol consumption and mortality insofar as they have reinforced the existing economic trends. PMID: 31603746 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The World Is Complex, But Alcohol Policy Matters: A Commentary on Nemtsov et al. (2019).
Authors: Pridemore WA PMID: 31603747 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

A Changeable Relation Between Alcohol and Life Expectancy in Russia.
Authors: Shkolnikov VM, Leon DA, Danilova I PMID: 31603748 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research