Anatomy of Two Epidemics: What We Can Learn From Studying Long Waves of Alcohol and Opioid Use.
Authors: Babor TF, Ferreira-Borges C PMID: 31603745 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Are Trends in Alcohol Consumption and Cause-Specific Mortality in Russia Between 1990 and 2017 the Result of Alcohol Policy Measures?
CONCLUSIONS: A combination of several factors seems to be at play to explain alcohol consumption and mortality trends: the general economic situation, the availability and affordability of alcohol, and the changing patterns of alcohol consumption. Alcohol control measures seem to have had a positive impact on decreasing alcohol consumption and mortality insofar as they have reinforced the existing economic trends. PMID: 31603746 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The World Is Complex, But Alcohol Policy Matters: A Commentary on Nemtsov et al. (2019).
Authors: Pridemore WA PMID: 31603747 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

A Changeable Relation Between Alcohol and Life Expectancy in Russia.
Authors: Shkolnikov VM, Leon DA, Danilova I PMID: 31603748 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol Consumption and Cause-Specific Mortality in Russia: A View From the Czech Republic.
Authors: Barták M PMID: 31603749 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol Policy, Alcohol Consumption, and Attributable Mortality: The Authors Respond.
Authors: Nemtsov A, Neufeld M, Rehm J PMID: 31603750 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Association Between Type of Sexual Assault and Post-Assault Alcohol Misuse Is Moderated by Avoidance Among Recipients of a Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examination.
CONCLUSIONS: Intoxicated sexual assault and post-assault avoidance may be influential factors contributing to post-assault alcohol misuse among people who are recently sexually assaulted. Interventions targeting post-sexual assault alcohol misuse should be tailored based on the type of recent assault and post-assault avoidance. PMID: 31603751 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Adverse Health Outcomes Associated With Fetal Alcohol Exposure: A Systematic Review Focused on Cardio-Renal Outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the limited research and variable findings across studies, current studies provide preliminary evidence of cardio-renal dysfunction in offspring with PAE. PMID: 31603752 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Pregnancy, Fertility, Breastfeeding, and Alcohol Consumption: An Analysis of Framing and Completeness of Information Disseminated by Alcohol Industry-Funded Organizations.
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol industry-funded websites omit and misrepresent the evidence on key risks of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. This may "nudge" women toward continuing to drink during pregnancy. These findings suggest that alcohol industry-funded bodies may increase risk to pregnant women by disseminating misinformation. The public should be made widely aware of the risks of obtaining health information from alcohol industry-funded sources. PMID: 31603753 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol Industry-Funded Websites Contribute to Ambiguity Regarding the Harmful Effects of Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy: A Commentary on Lim et al. (2019).
Authors: Popova S, Dozet D, Burd L, Rehm J PMID: 31603754 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Does Drinking Together Promote Relationship Intimacy? Temporal Effects of Daily Drinking Events.
CONCLUSIONS: Results provide the first evidence that some types of drinking events contribute to the occurrence of couple intimacy experiences within the next few hours and help to explain previously observed long-term effects of congruent drinking patterns on couple functioning. PMID: 31603755 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Comorbidity of Lifetime Alcohol Use Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Authors: Caetano R, Vaeth PAC, Canino G Abstract OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to update estimates of comorbidity between lifetime alcohol use disorder (AUD) severity and lifetime major depressive disorder (MDD) in San Juan, Puerto Rico. METHOD: Data are from a household random sample of 1,510 individuals (816 female) 18-64 years of age in San Juan, Puerto Rico. AUD and MDD identification follow criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition and Fourth Edition, respectively, both implemented with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). It is po...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Consistency of Drinker Status Over Time: Drinking Patterns of Ex-Drinkers Who Describe Themselves as Lifetime Abstainers.
CONCLUSIONS: Most survey respondents who reported that they had never consumed alcohol in 2016 did report consuming at least some alcohol (or at least being an ex-drinker) in previous surveys. Self-report of lifetime abstention may not be accurately separating lifetime abstainers from ex-drinkers, possibly biasing work on the harms and benefits of moderate consumption. PMID: 31603757 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Correlates and Potential Confounds of Cannabis Withdrawal Among High-Risk Adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Whereas cannabis withdrawal was only weakly to moderately related to cannabis use, it demonstrated strong associations with alcohol withdrawal across all assessments. In addition, affective lability measures were moderately correlated with cannabis withdrawal but not with cannabis use. Thus, other drug withdrawal and individual differences are essential to consider when assessing cannabis withdrawal. PMID: 31603758 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

A New Recall of Alcohol Marketing Scale for Youth: Measurement Properties and Associations With Youth Drinking Status.
CONCLUSIONS: The final measurement model provided support for construct validity of a novel alcohol marketing recall construct assessing cumulative cross-channel marketing exposure. Adolescent recall of alcohol marketing across channels was significantly associated with underage drinking, while associated factors such as peer/parental drinking were accounted for. PMID: 31603759 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Adherence Across FDA-Approved Medications for Alcohol Use Disorder in a Veterans Administration Population.
CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that overall adherence to medication-assisted treatment for alcohol use disorder is low across all medications. When directly compared, disulfiram had significantly lower adherence than both oral and extended-release injectable naltrexone. PMID: 31603760 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Rutgers Center of Alcohol Studies Announces New Name.
Authors: PMID: 31603761 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Team Communication in the Operating Room: A Measure of Latent Factors From a National Sample of Nurse Anesthetists.
In this study, surveys were administered to a national sample of 3,000 nurse anesthetists to measure variables associated with communication attitudes and behaviors. The specific variables measured in the survey were latent cultural factors that contribute to communication behaviors. Previous research found these latent variables contribute to miscommunication among operating room physicians, resulting in patient-related errors that could be avoided. The survey used for this study was based on an intercultural communication theory. Survey items were modified to reflect operating room culture, specifically nurse anesthetist...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Relationship of Tympanic and Temporal Temperature Modalities to Core Temperature in Pediatric Surgical Patients.
Authors: Minzola DJ, Keele R Abstract Temperature monitoring is a standard of anesthesia care as listed in Standard V of the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists Standards of Nurse Anesthesia Practice. The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to examine which temperature modality (tympanic vs temporal) best correlates with pediatric surgical patients' core rectal temperature. Data were from a sample of 106 intraoperative pediatric surgical patients with ASA physical classification 1 or 2 who were scheduled for elective surgical procedures. Findings from this study support that tympanic tempera...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Identifying Patterns and Meanings Across the AANA Foundation Closed Claim Dataset Using Thematic Analysis Methods.
Authors: Golinski M Abstract The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) Foundation Closed Claim Research Project was initiated in 1995 and remains active to date. The charge accepted by the Closed Claim Research Team is to conduct comprehensive analyses of adverse anesthesia outcomes from medical malpractice claims, identify causes of anesthesia patient injury and negative patient outcome trends, provide data that can be used to facilitate nurse anesthesia educational curricula, and facilitate recommendations for AANA practice standards. The overall goal of closed-claim research is to improve patient saf...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Anesthetic Management in Early Recovery After Surgery Protocols for Total Knee and Total Hip Arthroplasty.
Authors: Oseka L, Pecka S Abstract The aim of this integrative review was to provide current, evidence-based anesthetic and analgesic recommendations for inclusion in an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocol for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA). Articles published between 2006 and December 2016 were critically appraised for validity, reliability, and rigor of study. The administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen, gabapentinoids, and corticosteroids resulted in shorter hospital length of stay (LOS) and decreased postoperat...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Opioid-Sparing Effects of Transversus Abdominis Plane Block in Elective Hysterectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Tubog TD, Harenberg JL, Mason-Nguyen J, Kane TD Abstract Posthysterectomy pain is caused by abdominal incision and traumatic manipulation of the intra-abdominal structures. Optimal pain management consists of a multimodal pain regimen combined with transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Database for randomized controlled trials evaluating the opioid-sparing effects of TAP block in patients undergoing hysterectomy. The primary outcome was morphine consumption in the perioperative phase extending to 48 hours after surgery. The secondary outcomes were pain scores at ...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Isolated Harlequin Syndrome Following Brachial Plexus Nerve Block via Interscalene Approach: A Case Report.
This article describes an occurrence of harlequin syndrome without observed ptosis or miosis following a postoperative interscalene nerve block. PMID: 31573494 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Pharmacologic Methods for Preventing Pruritus in Patients Receiving Intrathecal Opioids for Cesarean Delivery.
Authors: Vice-O'Con K, Austin PN, Pugh MA Abstract Neuraxial anesthesia with the addition of opioids is the preferred technique for cesarean delivery because of the safety and efficacy of the technique compared with general anesthesia. However, pruritus associated with neuraxial opioids is reported by patients to be one of the most distressing side effects and is a source of patient dissatisfaction. The incidence of pruritus has been reported to be as high as 100%. This review examines the efficacy of different medications for the prevention of pruritus. An online database search of PubMed, Cochrane Database of Sys...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Happy Puppet Syndrome: A Case Report of Anesthetic Management.
Authors: Campero L Abstract Angelman syndrome (AS) is a rare neurogenetic disorder that results from an abnormality of the maternal chromosome 15. Clinical presentations for AS include developmental delays, seizure disorders, ataxia, truncal hypotonia, scoliosis, structural cardiac abnormalities, hyperactive tendon reflexes, absent speech, and craniofacial anomalies. Patients with AS also may have vagal hypertonia, which can result in refractory bradycardia in the perioperative setting. Mutations of chromosome 15 can lead to abnormalities in γ-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA) receptors, through which numerous anes...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Nitrous Oxide for the Management of Labor Analgesia.
This article reviews nitrous oxide and explores current practice standards for use of nitrous oxide in managing labor analgesia. Inhaled nitrous oxide is used in the labor process for analgesia as well as for anxiolysis in many countries but is rarely offered in the United States. Because of its minimal invasiveness, highsafety index, effectiveness, and relatively low cost, it is reemerging as a consideration for use during labor and is worthy of further research. PMID: 31573497 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - October 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Medications for Maintenance Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder in Adolescents: A Narrative Review and Assessment of Clinical Benefits and Potential Risks.
CONCLUSIONS: Little published evidence specifically examines the efficacy and safety of using medications for OUD in adolescents, and more research is needed. It is essential for healthcare professionals to determine whether their adolescent patients may benefit from medications for the treatment of OUD. PMID: 31495374 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Medications for Maintenance Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder in Adolescents: A Narrative Review and Assessment of Clinical Benefits and Potential Risks, Offering a Public Health Perspective-A Commentary on Camenga et al.
Authors: Gonzales-Castaneda R, Mooney LJ, Rawson RA PMID: 31495375 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Do We Know Enough to Prescribe Opioid-Agonist Therapies to Adolescents With Problematic Opioid Use? A Commentary on Camenga et al. (2019).
Authors: Vest N, Humphreys KN PMID: 31495376 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Composition and Magnitude of Alcohol Taxes in States: Do They Cover Alcohol-Related Costs?
CONCLUSIONS: Specific excise taxes account for one fifth of state alcohol taxes in the 32 license states; but even considering all tax types, total alcohol taxes account for only one tenth of alcohol-related costs. PMID: 31495377 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Perceived Effectiveness of Anti-Marijuana Messages in Adult Users and Nonusers: An Examination of Responses to Messages About Marijuana's Effects on Cognitive Performance, Driving, and Health.
This study examined cognitive and affective responses to anti-marijuana public health messages in a sample of adult marijuana users and nonusers to determine the correlates of perceived message effectiveness. METHOD: Participants (N = 203; mean age = 37.7 years) were adult marijuana users and nonusers recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (August 2017). After completing self-report measures of marijuana use, they viewed six anti-marijuana messages presented in a random order, addressing marijuana's effects in each of three topic areas: cognitive performance, driving, and adverse health outcomes (e.g., two messages per t...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Overuse Among Nightclub Patrons: A Randomized Trial of a Group-Based Mobile Intervention at Nightclubs.
CONCLUSIONS: NSP appears to be efficacious for increased protective actions to keep group members safe from overuse and for reduced blood alcohol concentration among EMDE patrons. The findings support the use of an intervention utilizing group-based strategies presented proximal to risk settings. PMID: 31495379 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Patterns of Cocaine Use During Treatment: Associations With Baseline Characteristics and Follow-Up Functioning.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings highlight the importance of adopting a harm reduction approach and recognizing the potential clinical benefits associated with nonabstinent outcomes. PMID: 31495380 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Affective Instability and Alcohol Consumption: Ecological Momentary Assessment in an Adult Sample.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that consuming alcohol in response to affective instability was a within-person process, and that higher than a person's average levels of negative and positive affective instability may have a cumulative effect. Personalized interventions should identify days when affective instability is elevated and provide alternative, adaptive strategies for coping with emotional dysregulation. These interventions need to target instability in both negative and positive affect to counter their cumulative effect on alcohol consumption. PMID: 31495381 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Effects of Alcohol Priming on the Subsequent Value of Alcohol.
CONCLUSIONS: The conditions under which alcohol priming does (and does not) occur are still not fully understood, and further systematic work is necessary to determine potential clinical utility. PMID: 31495382 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Daily Motives for Alcohol and Marijuana Use as Predictors of Simultaneous Use Among Young Adults.
CONCLUSIONS: SAM use on a given day was primarily associated with enhancement and conformity motives. Social motives were more strongly linked to alcohol use, and to some extent coping motives were linked to marijuana use in this young adult sample. Further examination of situation-specific motives and contexts of use is needed to inform development of real-time interventions for SAM use and consequences. PMID: 31495383 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Family Aggregation of Substance Use Disorders: Substance Specific, Nonspecific, and Intrafamilial Sources of Risk.
CONCLUSIONS: Findings support both the generality and specificity of risk associated with the abuse of or dependence on specific substances within families and highlight the impact of siblings on SUD risk to other siblings. Study findings underscore the need for a better understanding of malleable family-based factors that promote and reduce SUD risk among members. PMID: 31495384 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Changes in Externalizing Behaviors After Children First Have an Alcoholic Drink and First Drink Heavily.
CONCLUSIONS: Early AFHD and unobserved time-stable selection factors partially explain relationships between early drinking and problem behaviors, but early AFD continues to be a significant predictor of externalizing behavior. Although prevention efforts should continue to discourage heavy drinking in childhood and early adolescence, the results suggest that both AFHD and AFD should be delayed. PMID: 31495385 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - September 10, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Alcohol's Secondhand Harms in the United States: New Data on Prevalence and Risk Factors.
CONCLUSIONS: Secondhand effects of alcohol in the United States are substantial and affected by sociodemographics, the harmed individual's own drinking, and the presence of a heavy drinker in the household. Broad-based and targeted public health measures that consider AHTO risk factors are needed to reduce alcohol's secondhand harms. PMID: 31250790 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Policies to Reduce the Secondhand Harms of Alcohol: A Commentary on Nayak et al. (2019).
Authors: Andréasson S PMID: 31250791 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Toward Firsthand Knowledge of the Secondhand Effects of Alcohol: A Commentary on Nayak et al. (2019).
Authors: Naimi T PMID: 31250792 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Variability of Outcomes Used in Efficacy and Effectiveness Trials of Alcohol Brief Interventions: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Consumption outcomes predominated; however, no single outcome was found in all trials. This comprehensive outcome map and methodological detail on ABI effectiveness and efficacy trials can aid decision making in future trials. There was a diversity of instruments, time points, and outcome descriptions in methods and results sections. Compliance with reporting guidance would support data synthesis and improve trial quality. This review establishes the need for a core outcome set (COS)/minimum data standard and supports the Outcome Reporting in Brief Interventions: Alcohol initiative (ORBITAL) to improve standar...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Prioritization of Outcomes in Efficacy and Effectiveness of Alcohol Brief Intervention Trials: International Multi-Stakeholder e-Delphi Consensus Study to Inform a Core Outcome Set.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first international e-Delphi study to identify and prioritize outcomes for use in alcohol brief intervention trials. The use and reporting of outcomes in future alcohol brief intervention trials should improve evidence synthesis in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Further work is required to refine these outcomes into a core outcome set that includes guidance for measurement of outcomes. PMID: 31250794 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

What Affects College Students' Decision to Intervene or Not Intervene When Someone Is Drinking Too Much?
CONCLUSIONS: Fear of getting in trouble, the basis for amnesty policies, was not a major barrier preventing intervention behavior in our study. Our findings suggest that implementing amnesty policies may not lead to intervention behavior. Strategies that empower and compel students to help their peers and provide them with skills needed to help may lead to more intervention behavior. PMID: 31250795 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

The Impact of Twenty Four-Hour Public Transport in Melbourne, Australia: An Evaluation of Alcohol-Related Harms.
CONCLUSIONS: The initiative did not decrease harm in Melbourne nightlife, in contrast to industry, government, and expert predictions. With expenditures of more than AU$300 million, the costs and benefits of this initiative require further consideration and research, especially when it is proposed in opposition to evidence-based solutions, such as closing venues earlier. PMID: 31250796 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Characterization of DSM-IV Opioid Dependence Among Individuals of European Ancestry.
Authors: Brick LA, Micalizzi L, Knopik VS, Palmer RHC Abstract OBJECTIVE: The opioid epidemic in the United States has led to unprecedented increases in morbidity and mortality, posing a serious public health crisis. Although twin and family studies, as well as genome-wide association studies (GWAS), all identify significant genetic factors contributing to opioid dependence, no studies to date have estimated marker-based heritability estimates of opioid dependence. The goal of the current study was to use a large, genetically imputed, case/control sample of 4,064 participants (after quality control and imputation) ...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Unplanned Heavy Episodic and High-Intensity Drinking: Daily-Level Associations With Mood, Context, and Negative Consequences.
CONCLUSIONS: Students were frequently not able to accurately predict the amount of alcohol they would consume on that day, which conferred an increased risk of negative consequences. Interventions could incorporate strategies that help students anticipate their alcohol consumption in order to employ protective behavioral strategies in high-risk contexts. PMID: 31250798 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Needs and Norms: Testing the Effects of Negative Interpersonal Interactions, the Need to Belong, and Perceived Norms on Alcohol Consumption.
CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that unmet belongingness needs motivate students to regulate drinking behavior to be in accordance with what they perceive as most approved of by their peers. That is, students may not drink solely to reduce negative affect but to fit in and gain approval. PMID: 31250799 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Friend Selection and Influence Effects for First Heavy Drinking Episode in Adolescence.
CONCLUSIONS: Heavy drinking-related friendships increase the risk of a first heavy drinking episode. Adult supervision of time spent with friends may reduce this risk. Results support interventions that target the spread of heavy drinking through adolescent social ecosystems, in addition to targeting the most at-risk individuals. PMID: 31250800 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research

Dimensions of Religiosity: The Effects of Attendance at Religious Services and Religious Faith on Discontinuity in Substance Use.
CONCLUSIONS: Social and instrumental support offered by churches may help people abstain from substance use. Health professionals could consider establishing partnerships with religious communities to support substance users. PMID: 31250801 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - July 1, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research