Calendar Month Variation in Alcohol and Marijuana Use in a Community Sample of Young Adults
CONCLUSIONS: Findings may guide the targeting and timing of substance use prevention programs by focusing efforts before and during higher risk months.PMID:33823963 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Charles B Fleming Jennifer C Duckworth Megan E Patrick Anne M Fairlie Devon A Abdallah Christine M Lee Source Type: research

Drinking to Cope in the COVID-19 Era: An Investigation Among College Students
CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide insight into how COVID-related stressors and associated social relationship repercussions relate to alcohol and marijuana use and drinking-to-cope motivations while sheltering in place. These results have implications for how frequent substance use and coping-motivated use can be mitigated during a crisis.PMID:33823964 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Cynthia D Mohr Sheila K Umemoto Thomas W Rounds Philip Bouleh Sarah N Arpin Source Type: research

Ketamine Use Among People Who Regularly Use Ecstasy and Other Illicit Stimulants in Australia: Trends and Characteristics of Use, 2009-2019
This study describes trends in ketamine use in sentinel cross-sectional samples of Australians who regularly use illicit stimulants, along with characteristics of consumers.METHOD: Data on trends in recent ketamine use (i.e., use in past 6 months) were drawn from annual interviews (approximately 800/year) with cross-sectional samples of people recruited from Australian state capitals from 2009 to 2019 as part of the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS) study. Characteristics of those reporting recent use were examined in the 2019 EDRS data set (n = 728) using logistic regression.RESULTS: Recent ketamine use in...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Ashleigh C Stewart Amy Peacock Filip Djordjevic Reece Cossar Caroline Salom Simon Lenton Paul Dietze Source Type: research

Cue Exposure Triggers Inhibitory Deficits in Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder
This study evaluated the potency of drug-associated cue exposure in this process.METHOD: We recruited 54 abstinent men with MUD and 46 healthy control (HC) subjects to complete a novel go/no-go task in which drug-associated cues were presented in 240 trials.RESULTS: Upon exposure to drug-associated cues, the numbers of commission errors increased significantly only in the abstinent MUD group (p
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Xi He Di Zhao Mingming Zhang Yexi Leng Weiqi He Source Type: research

Randomized Trial Testing an Online Responsible Vendor Training in Recreational Marijuana Stores in the United States
CONCLUSIONS: When used by store personnel, online RMV training increased refusal of buyers who appeared young and did not provide a state-approved ID. However, it did not improve refusal rates overall. Stores that had lower refusals at baseline and used the training may have benefited from it.PMID:33823967 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: David B Buller W Gill Woodall Robert Saltz Andrew Grayson Mary Klein Buller Gary R Cutter Sierra Svendsen Xia Liu Source Type: research

Prior Authorization for Opioid Use Disorder Versus Pain Medications: Lessons Learned for Parity Enforcement
CONCLUSIONS: The disparate use of prior authorization in 2017 for opioid use disorder medications as compared with opioid pain medications suggests that formulary decision making may be inconsistent between medications used to treat substance use disorders and those used to treat pain. If Part D formularies publicly released their decision-making criteria, then there would be a greater understanding of why prior authorization was differentially applied. Greater transparency would help ensure that formulary decisions are not the result of biases and stigma toward substance use disorders.PMID:33823968 (Source: Journal of Stu...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Tami L Mark William J Parish Ellen M Weber Gary A Zarkin Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Local Ordinance to Prevent Any Underage Purchases in Liquor Stores: The Need for Enforcement
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):219-227.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: In June 2012, Baltimore City, MD, enacted legislation (commonly referred to as the Mosby Bill) prohibiting all liquor stores (outlets that primarily sell alcoholic beverages) from selling "any food, goods, wares, supplies, or other merchandise to any person under the age of 18." Three years after enactment, we evaluated the impact of this legislation on non-alcohol product sales among youth.METHOD: Research assistants (RAs) ages 16-20 were trained in using a standardized observational tool to quantify and record characteristics of the outlets, includ...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Adam J Milam C Debra M Furr-Holden Elizabeth D Nesoff Pamela J Trangenstein Source Type: research

Exploring the Relationship Between ADHD Symptoms and Daily Cannabis Consequences in Emerging Adulthood: The Role of Cannabis Motives
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that ADHD symptoms, along with sleep and boredom motives, contribute to increased daily cannabis consequences and should be considered in developing interventions for emerging adults.PMID:33823970 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Abby L Goldstein Alexandra Shifrin Jasmin L Katz Lap K Iu Danielle Kofler Source Type: research

The Development of Drinking Trajectories Among Australian Young Adults
CONCLUSIONS: We found reduced consumption across drinking patterns, suggesting that youth drinking declines are not attributable to significant shifts in drinking behaviors; rather, adolescents and young adults are drinking in a similar, albeit significantly lower, fashion. The stability of these trajectories, and the continuation of these declines into adulthood, suggest that reductions in alcohol-related harm may be likely for recent cohorts across their life course.PMID:33823971 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Geoffrey Leggat Michael Livingston Sandra Kuntsche Sarah Callinan Source Type: research

Comorbid Substance Use Disorder Profiles and Receipt of Substance Use Disorder Treatment Services: A National Study
CONCLUSIONS: Even though the treatment gap is reduced among those with multiple SUDs, it remains large. The most common and undertreated comorbid SUD combinations, in conjunction with the most underserved groups, could be targeted to facilitate treatment uptake.PMID:33823972 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Curtis D Von Gunten Li-Tzy Wu Source Type: research

Hospital- and Patient-Level Characteristics Associated With Unplanned Readmissions and In-Patient Mortality in Men and Women With Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy
CONCLUSIONS: Although men are more likely to be hospitalized for ACM, readmission risk is high (approximately 20%) and is similar in men and women following hospitalization for ACM. Hospital care transition programs that include a multidisciplinary approach are needed to help prevent these readmissions and associated morbidity and mortality.PMID:33823973 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Mulubrhan F Mogos Jason L Salemi Sanjukta Modak Roger J Zoorob Mariann R Piano Source Type: research

Results of a Randomized Trial of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) to Reduce Alcohol Misuse Among Active-Duty Military Personnel
CONCLUSIONS: Results of a complete case analysis provided some support for the effectiveness of the SBIRT intervention for higher risk participants. The results of the more conservative intent-to-treat analyses did not support any of the study hypotheses. Future SBIRT effectiveness trials should also test electronic SBIRT intervention approaches.PMID:33823974 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Mark B Reed Susan I Woodruff Gerard DeMers Michael Matteucci Sarah J Chavez Megan Hellner Suzanne L Hurtado Source Type: research

Alcohol Industry Arguments for Liberalizing Alcohol Policy in Finland: Analysis of Twitter Data
CONCLUSIONS: Social media applications such as Twitter offer the alcohol industry unlimited opportunities for promoting its traditional public relations arguments.PMID:33823975 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Thomas Babila Sama Ilkka Konttinen Heikki Hiilamo Source Type: research

Cannabis Marketing and Problematic Cannabis Use Among Adolescents
CONCLUSIONS: The ways cannabis businesses market their products, especially branding, may affect patterns of underage cannabis use. Future research should test whether these associations persist in longitudinal designs. In the interim, states should consider an approach that offers youth additional means to protect them from cannabis marketing.PMID:33823976 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Pamela J Trangenstein Jennifer M Whitehill Marina C Jenkins David H Jernigan Megan A Moreno Source Type: research

Robert Straus--Alcohol Researcher, Pioneer, and Friend
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):297-299.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33823977 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Thomas H Kelly Carl G Leukefeld Source Type: research

Robert Straus and the Alcohol Research Group
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):300.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33823978 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Thomas K Greenfield Source Type: research

Robert Straus in Berkeley
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):301-302.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33823979 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Ron Roizen Source Type: research

Robert Straus and the End of an Era
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):303-304.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33823980 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Paul M Roman Source Type: research

Calendar Month Variation in Alcohol and Marijuana Use in a Community Sample of Young Adults
CONCLUSIONS: Findings may guide the targeting and timing of substance use prevention programs by focusing efforts before and during higher risk months.PMID:33823963 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Charles B Fleming Jennifer C Duckworth Megan E Patrick Anne M Fairlie Devon A Abdallah Christine M Lee Source Type: research

Drinking to Cope in the COVID-19 Era: An Investigation Among College Students
CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide insight into how COVID-related stressors and associated social relationship repercussions relate to alcohol and marijuana use and drinking-to-cope motivations while sheltering in place. These results have implications for how frequent substance use and coping-motivated use can be mitigated during a crisis.PMID:33823964 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Cynthia D Mohr Sheila K Umemoto Thomas W Rounds Philip Bouleh Sarah N Arpin Source Type: research

Ketamine Use Among People Who Regularly Use Ecstasy and Other Illicit Stimulants in Australia: Trends and Characteristics of Use, 2009-2019
This study describes trends in ketamine use in sentinel cross-sectional samples of Australians who regularly use illicit stimulants, along with characteristics of consumers.METHOD: Data on trends in recent ketamine use (i.e., use in past 6 months) were drawn from annual interviews (approximately 800/year) with cross-sectional samples of people recruited from Australian state capitals from 2009 to 2019 as part of the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS) study. Characteristics of those reporting recent use were examined in the 2019 EDRS data set (n = 728) using logistic regression.RESULTS: Recent ketamine use in...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Ashleigh C Stewart Amy Peacock Filip Djordjevic Reece Cossar Caroline Salom Simon Lenton Paul Dietze Source Type: research

Cue Exposure Triggers Inhibitory Deficits in Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder
This study evaluated the potency of drug-associated cue exposure in this process.METHOD: We recruited 54 abstinent men with MUD and 46 healthy control (HC) subjects to complete a novel go/no-go task in which drug-associated cues were presented in 240 trials.RESULTS: Upon exposure to drug-associated cues, the numbers of commission errors increased significantly only in the abstinent MUD group (p
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Xi He Di Zhao Mingming Zhang Yexi Leng Weiqi He Source Type: research

Randomized Trial Testing an Online Responsible Vendor Training in Recreational Marijuana Stores in the United States
CONCLUSIONS: When used by store personnel, online RMV training increased refusal of buyers who appeared young and did not provide a state-approved ID. However, it did not improve refusal rates overall. Stores that had lower refusals at baseline and used the training may have benefited from it.PMID:33823967 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: David B Buller W Gill Woodall Robert Saltz Andrew Grayson Mary Klein Buller Gary R Cutter Sierra Svendsen Xia Liu Source Type: research

Prior Authorization for Opioid Use Disorder Versus Pain Medications: Lessons Learned for Parity Enforcement
CONCLUSIONS: The disparate use of prior authorization in 2017 for opioid use disorder medications as compared with opioid pain medications suggests that formulary decision making may be inconsistent between medications used to treat substance use disorders and those used to treat pain. If Part D formularies publicly released their decision-making criteria, then there would be a greater understanding of why prior authorization was differentially applied. Greater transparency would help ensure that formulary decisions are not the result of biases and stigma toward substance use disorders.PMID:33823968 (Source: Journal of Stu...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Tami L Mark William J Parish Ellen M Weber Gary A Zarkin Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Local Ordinance to Prevent Any Underage Purchases in Liquor Stores: The Need for Enforcement
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):219-227.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: In June 2012, Baltimore City, MD, enacted legislation (commonly referred to as the Mosby Bill) prohibiting all liquor stores (outlets that primarily sell alcoholic beverages) from selling "any food, goods, wares, supplies, or other merchandise to any person under the age of 18." Three years after enactment, we evaluated the impact of this legislation on non-alcohol product sales among youth.METHOD: Research assistants (RAs) ages 16-20 were trained in using a standardized observational tool to quantify and record characteristics of the outlets, includ...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Adam J Milam C Debra M Furr-Holden Elizabeth D Nesoff Pamela J Trangenstein Source Type: research

Exploring the Relationship Between ADHD Symptoms and Daily Cannabis Consequences in Emerging Adulthood: The Role of Cannabis Motives
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that ADHD symptoms, along with sleep and boredom motives, contribute to increased daily cannabis consequences and should be considered in developing interventions for emerging adults.PMID:33823970 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Abby L Goldstein Alexandra Shifrin Jasmin L Katz Lap K Iu Danielle Kofler Source Type: research

The Development of Drinking Trajectories Among Australian Young Adults
CONCLUSIONS: We found reduced consumption across drinking patterns, suggesting that youth drinking declines are not attributable to significant shifts in drinking behaviors; rather, adolescents and young adults are drinking in a similar, albeit significantly lower, fashion. The stability of these trajectories, and the continuation of these declines into adulthood, suggest that reductions in alcohol-related harm may be likely for recent cohorts across their life course.PMID:33823971 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Geoffrey Leggat Michael Livingston Sandra Kuntsche Sarah Callinan Source Type: research

Comorbid Substance Use Disorder Profiles and Receipt of Substance Use Disorder Treatment Services: A National Study
CONCLUSIONS: Even though the treatment gap is reduced among those with multiple SUDs, it remains large. The most common and undertreated comorbid SUD combinations, in conjunction with the most underserved groups, could be targeted to facilitate treatment uptake.PMID:33823972 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Curtis D Von Gunten Li-Tzy Wu Source Type: research

Hospital- and Patient-Level Characteristics Associated With Unplanned Readmissions and In-Patient Mortality in Men and Women With Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy
CONCLUSIONS: Although men are more likely to be hospitalized for ACM, readmission risk is high (approximately 20%) and is similar in men and women following hospitalization for ACM. Hospital care transition programs that include a multidisciplinary approach are needed to help prevent these readmissions and associated morbidity and mortality.PMID:33823973 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Mulubrhan F Mogos Jason L Salemi Sanjukta Modak Roger J Zoorob Mariann R Piano Source Type: research

Results of a Randomized Trial of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) to Reduce Alcohol Misuse Among Active-Duty Military Personnel
CONCLUSIONS: Results of a complete case analysis provided some support for the effectiveness of the SBIRT intervention for higher risk participants. The results of the more conservative intent-to-treat analyses did not support any of the study hypotheses. Future SBIRT effectiveness trials should also test electronic SBIRT intervention approaches.PMID:33823974 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Mark B Reed Susan I Woodruff Gerard DeMers Michael Matteucci Sarah J Chavez Megan Hellner Suzanne L Hurtado Source Type: research

Alcohol Industry Arguments for Liberalizing Alcohol Policy in Finland: Analysis of Twitter Data
CONCLUSIONS: Social media applications such as Twitter offer the alcohol industry unlimited opportunities for promoting its traditional public relations arguments.PMID:33823975 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Thomas Babila Sama Ilkka Konttinen Heikki Hiilamo Source Type: research

Cannabis Marketing and Problematic Cannabis Use Among Adolescents
CONCLUSIONS: The ways cannabis businesses market their products, especially branding, may affect patterns of underage cannabis use. Future research should test whether these associations persist in longitudinal designs. In the interim, states should consider an approach that offers youth additional means to protect them from cannabis marketing.PMID:33823976 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Pamela J Trangenstein Jennifer M Whitehill Marina C Jenkins David H Jernigan Megan A Moreno Source Type: research

Robert Straus--Alcohol Researcher, Pioneer, and Friend
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):297-299.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33823977 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Thomas H Kelly Carl G Leukefeld Source Type: research

Robert Straus and the Alcohol Research Group
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):300.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33823978 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Thomas K Greenfield Source Type: research

Robert Straus in Berkeley
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):301-302.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33823979 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Ron Roizen Source Type: research

Robert Straus and the End of an Era
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):303-304.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33823980 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Paul M Roman Source Type: research

Calendar Month Variation in Alcohol and Marijuana Use in a Community Sample of Young Adults
CONCLUSIONS: Findings may guide the targeting and timing of substance use prevention programs by focusing efforts before and during higher risk months.PMID:33823963 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Charles B Fleming Jennifer C Duckworth Megan E Patrick Anne M Fairlie Devon A Abdallah Christine M Lee Source Type: research

Drinking to Cope in the COVID-19 Era: An Investigation Among College Students
CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide insight into how COVID-related stressors and associated social relationship repercussions relate to alcohol and marijuana use and drinking-to-cope motivations while sheltering in place. These results have implications for how frequent substance use and coping-motivated use can be mitigated during a crisis.PMID:33823964 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Cynthia D Mohr Sheila K Umemoto Thomas W Rounds Philip Bouleh Sarah N Arpin Source Type: research

Ketamine Use Among People Who Regularly Use Ecstasy and Other Illicit Stimulants in Australia: Trends and Characteristics of Use, 2009-2019
This study describes trends in ketamine use in sentinel cross-sectional samples of Australians who regularly use illicit stimulants, along with characteristics of consumers.METHOD: Data on trends in recent ketamine use (i.e., use in past 6 months) were drawn from annual interviews (approximately 800/year) with cross-sectional samples of people recruited from Australian state capitals from 2009 to 2019 as part of the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS) study. Characteristics of those reporting recent use were examined in the 2019 EDRS data set (n = 728) using logistic regression.RESULTS: Recent ketamine use in...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Ashleigh C Stewart Amy Peacock Filip Djordjevic Reece Cossar Caroline Salom Simon Lenton Paul Dietze Source Type: research

Cue Exposure Triggers Inhibitory Deficits in Individuals With Methamphetamine Use Disorder
This study evaluated the potency of drug-associated cue exposure in this process.METHOD: We recruited 54 abstinent men with MUD and 46 healthy control (HC) subjects to complete a novel go/no-go task in which drug-associated cues were presented in 240 trials.RESULTS: Upon exposure to drug-associated cues, the numbers of commission errors increased significantly only in the abstinent MUD group (p
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Xi He Di Zhao Mingming Zhang Yexi Leng Weiqi He Source Type: research

Randomized Trial Testing an Online Responsible Vendor Training in Recreational Marijuana Stores in the United States
CONCLUSIONS: When used by store personnel, online RMV training increased refusal of buyers who appeared young and did not provide a state-approved ID. However, it did not improve refusal rates overall. Stores that had lower refusals at baseline and used the training may have benefited from it.PMID:33823967 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: David B Buller W Gill Woodall Robert Saltz Andrew Grayson Mary Klein Buller Gary R Cutter Sierra Svendsen Xia Liu Source Type: research

Prior Authorization for Opioid Use Disorder Versus Pain Medications: Lessons Learned for Parity Enforcement
CONCLUSIONS: The disparate use of prior authorization in 2017 for opioid use disorder medications as compared with opioid pain medications suggests that formulary decision making may be inconsistent between medications used to treat substance use disorders and those used to treat pain. If Part D formularies publicly released their decision-making criteria, then there would be a greater understanding of why prior authorization was differentially applied. Greater transparency would help ensure that formulary decisions are not the result of biases and stigma toward substance use disorders.PMID:33823968 (Source: Journal of Stu...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Tami L Mark William J Parish Ellen M Weber Gary A Zarkin Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Local Ordinance to Prevent Any Underage Purchases in Liquor Stores: The Need for Enforcement
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2021 Mar;82(2):219-227.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: In June 2012, Baltimore City, MD, enacted legislation (commonly referred to as the Mosby Bill) prohibiting all liquor stores (outlets that primarily sell alcoholic beverages) from selling "any food, goods, wares, supplies, or other merchandise to any person under the age of 18." Three years after enactment, we evaluated the impact of this legislation on non-alcohol product sales among youth.METHOD: Research assistants (RAs) ages 16-20 were trained in using a standardized observational tool to quantify and record characteristics of the outlets, includ...
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Adam J Milam C Debra M Furr-Holden Elizabeth D Nesoff Pamela J Trangenstein Source Type: research

Exploring the Relationship Between ADHD Symptoms and Daily Cannabis Consequences in Emerging Adulthood: The Role of Cannabis Motives
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that ADHD symptoms, along with sleep and boredom motives, contribute to increased daily cannabis consequences and should be considered in developing interventions for emerging adults.PMID:33823970 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Abby L Goldstein Alexandra Shifrin Jasmin L Katz Lap K Iu Danielle Kofler Source Type: research

The Development of Drinking Trajectories Among Australian Young Adults
CONCLUSIONS: We found reduced consumption across drinking patterns, suggesting that youth drinking declines are not attributable to significant shifts in drinking behaviors; rather, adolescents and young adults are drinking in a similar, albeit significantly lower, fashion. The stability of these trajectories, and the continuation of these declines into adulthood, suggest that reductions in alcohol-related harm may be likely for recent cohorts across their life course.PMID:33823971 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Geoffrey Leggat Michael Livingston Sandra Kuntsche Sarah Callinan Source Type: research

Comorbid Substance Use Disorder Profiles and Receipt of Substance Use Disorder Treatment Services: A National Study
CONCLUSIONS: Even though the treatment gap is reduced among those with multiple SUDs, it remains large. The most common and undertreated comorbid SUD combinations, in conjunction with the most underserved groups, could be targeted to facilitate treatment uptake.PMID:33823972 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Curtis D Von Gunten Li-Tzy Wu Source Type: research

Hospital- and Patient-Level Characteristics Associated With Unplanned Readmissions and In-Patient Mortality in Men and Women With Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy
CONCLUSIONS: Although men are more likely to be hospitalized for ACM, readmission risk is high (approximately 20%) and is similar in men and women following hospitalization for ACM. Hospital care transition programs that include a multidisciplinary approach are needed to help prevent these readmissions and associated morbidity and mortality.PMID:33823973 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Mulubrhan F Mogos Jason L Salemi Sanjukta Modak Roger J Zoorob Mariann R Piano Source Type: research

Results of a Randomized Trial of Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) to Reduce Alcohol Misuse Among Active-Duty Military Personnel
CONCLUSIONS: Results of a complete case analysis provided some support for the effectiveness of the SBIRT intervention for higher risk participants. The results of the more conservative intent-to-treat analyses did not support any of the study hypotheses. Future SBIRT effectiveness trials should also test electronic SBIRT intervention approaches.PMID:33823974 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Mark B Reed Susan I Woodruff Gerard DeMers Michael Matteucci Sarah J Chavez Megan Hellner Suzanne L Hurtado Source Type: research

Alcohol Industry Arguments for Liberalizing Alcohol Policy in Finland: Analysis of Twitter Data
CONCLUSIONS: Social media applications such as Twitter offer the alcohol industry unlimited opportunities for promoting its traditional public relations arguments.PMID:33823975 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Thomas Babila Sama Ilkka Konttinen Heikki Hiilamo Source Type: research

Cannabis Marketing and Problematic Cannabis Use Among Adolescents
CONCLUSIONS: The ways cannabis businesses market their products, especially branding, may affect patterns of underage cannabis use. Future research should test whether these associations persist in longitudinal designs. In the interim, states should consider an approach that offers youth additional means to protect them from cannabis marketing.PMID:33823976 (Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs)
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - April 7, 2021 Category: Addiction Authors: Pamela J Trangenstein Jennifer M Whitehill Marina C Jenkins David H Jernigan Megan A Moreno Source Type: research