Development and Validation of a Novel Knee-Specific Patient-Reported Outcomes Measure.
Authors: Farnsworth JL, Evans T, Binkley H, Kang M Abstract CONTEXT: Previous research suggests that several knee-specific patient-reported outcome measures have poor measurement properties. The patient-reported outcomes knee assessment tool (PROKAT) was created to improve assessment of knee-specific function. Examination of the measurement properties of this new measure is critical to determine its clinical value. OBJECTIVE: Examine the measurement properties of the PROKAT. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Clinical athletic training setting. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: The pilot study in...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - June 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Validity and Reliability of Hand-Held Dynamometry for Abdominal Flexion Muscular Assessment.
CONCLUSION: HHD together with the participant setup (supine, trunk flexed, and supported at 25° with the legs horizontal and remaining unfixed) is a valid and reliable tool to assess isometric abdominal flexion strength. PMID: 32531760 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - June 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of Two Handheld Digital Dual Inclinometry Techniques in the Measurement of Lumbar Flexion Active Range of Motion.
Authors: Fletcher JP, Taylor JD, Carroll CA, Richardson MB Abstract CONTEXT: An accurate assessment of lumbar spine active range of motion (AROM) is clinically important. Dual inclinometry is recommended as the optimal technique for measuring lumbar flexion AROM; however, the procedures differ in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 different handheld digital dual inclinometry (HDDI) techniques for evaluating lumbar flexion AROM. DESIGN: The study was a repeated-measures design consisting of 2 trials. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 69 adult volunteers (28 men and 41 women; mean ag...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - June 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Immediate Effects of a Single Spinal Manipulation on Lower-Limb Strength in Healthy Individuals: A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Wong CK, Conway L, Fleming G, Gopie C, Liebeskind D, Xue S Abstract Clinical Scenario: Many people with lower quarter musculoskeletal dysfunction present with muscle weakness. Strength training hypertrophies muscle and increases strength, but often requires periods over 6 weeks, which can exceed the episode of care. Weakness can persist despite muscle hypertrophy, particularly in the early stages of joint pathology or in the presence of limb or spinal joint hypomobility, which may inhibit muscle activation. Emerging evidence suggests spinal manipulation can increase short-term strength. Screening for speci...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - June 7, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Acute Effects of Different Intensity Whole-Body Vibration Exposure on Muscle Tone and Strength of the Lower Legs, and Hamstring Flexibility: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Saldıran TÇ, Atıcı E, Rezaei DA, Öztürk Ö, Uslu B, Özcan BA, Okudan B Abstract CONTEXT: The research on the change in properties of the lower leg muscles by different intensity sinusoidal vertical whole-body vibration (SV-WBV) exposures has not yet been investigated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine effect of a 20-minute different intensity SV-WBV application to the ankle plantar flexor and dorsiflexor muscles properties and hamstring flexibility. DESIGN: Prospective preintervention-postintervention design. SETTING: Physiotherapy department. ...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - June 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Injury-Related Fear and Visuomotor Reaction Time in Individuals With a History of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with a history of ACLR who exhibited elevated levels of injury-related fear demonstrated slower VMRT. There were no relationships between self-reported knee function and VMRT. Future research should explore interventions to address injury-related fear and VMRT in individuals after ACLR. PMID: 32473583 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - June 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Applying the Sport Commitment Model to Sport Injury Rehabilitation.
CONCLUSIONS: Future research should continue to explore commitment constructs in relation to rehabilitation motivation. PMID: 32473584 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - June 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Stroboscopic Vision as a Dynamic Sensory Reweighting Alternative to the Sensory Organization Test.
CONCLUSIONS: In general, SV was found to induce a degree of postural instability similar to that induced by SRV, indicating that SV could be a portable and relatively inexpensive alternative for the assessment of sensory dependence and reweighting. PMID: 32473585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - June 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Injuries in Collegiate Ladies Gaelic Footballers: A 2-Season Prospective Cohort Study.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to provide prospective injury data on Ladies Gaelic football. Priority needs to be given to preventing hamstring and knee injuries due to their occurrence and negative impact on player availability to play. Collegiate Ladies Gaelic football teams should be encouraged to implement an injury-prevention warm-up, such as the GAA15+, at training and matches. PMID: 32473586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - June 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Reliability of a Novel Semiautomated Ultrasound Segmentation Technique for Assessing Average Regional Femoral Articular Cartilage Thickness.
CONCLUSIONS: The novel semiautomated average cartilage thickness and echo-intensity assessment is efficient, systematic, and reliable between an expert and novice rater with minimal training. PMID: 32473587 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - June 1, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Demographic Characteristics Among Patients With Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome of the Lower Leg.
Authors: Rynkiewicz KM, Fry LA, DiStefano LJ Abstract Clinical Scenario: Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a condition related with ischemia of the body's tissue due to increases in intracompartmental pressures, which involves, among other symptoms, pain with exertion. CECS is often overlooked or misdiagnosed due to an ambiguous presentation. Diagnostic accuracy of CECS and subsequent management can be improved when contributing factors are known. Research is lacking on the type of patient most likely to experience CECS, highlighting the need for identification of common demographic characteristics ...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 19, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Does the FIFA 11+ Program Prevent Hamstring Injuries in College-Aged Male Soccer Players? A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Street SB, Kaminski T Abstract Clinical Scenario: Hamstring injuries are the most prevalent lower-extremity injury among soccer players. The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) has addressed this issue by developing the FIFA 11+ program, which is focused on improving strength and decreasing the incidence of lower-extremity injuries in the sport. This critically appraised topic focuses on this program as well as one of its components, the Nordic hamstring exercise, in the prevention of hamstring injuries. Clinical Question: Does the FIFA 11+ program prevent hamstring injur...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 16, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of a Virtual Reality Dance Training Program on Kyphosis Angle and Respiratory Parameters in Young Women With Postural Hyperkyphosis: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial.
Authors: Taslimipour S, Rojhani-Shirazi Z, Hemmati L, Rezaei I Abstract CONTEXT: Thoracic hyperkyphosis, one of the most common spinal deformities, may lead to undesirable pulmonary outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To study, the efficacy of virtual reality exercise training on thoracic hyperkyphosis and respiratory parameters in young women. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly assigned to one of two 4-week exercise training groups: regular training (RT), which involved stretch and strength training, or virtual reality with RT ...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 16, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Effects of the Short Foot Exercise on Navicular Drop: A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Haun C, Brown CN, Hannigan K, Johnson ST Abstract Clinical Scenario: Deformation of the arch, as measured by navicular drop (ND), is linked to lower-extremity musculoskeletal injuries. The short foot exercise (SFE) has been used to strengthen the intrinsic foot muscles that support the arch. Clinical Question: Does the SFE decrease ND in healthy adults? Summary of Key Findings: Three studies that examined the use of the SFE on ND were included. A randomized control trial that compared the SFE to a towel-curl exercise and a control group found no significant differences between the 3 groups. A randomized co...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Effect of Proprioceptive Training on Directional Dynamic Stabilization.
CONCLUSIONS: Proprioceptive training over 8 weeks has a positive effect on all directions of stability. Greater declines in A-P stability were evident at 16 weeks when compared with M-L and overall stability index. Consideration must be given to the increased stability scores presented pretesting for A-P when compared with M-L. Findings of this work present implications for training design. PMID: 32369761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Proprioceptive Training on Dynamic Neuromuscular Control in Fencers: A Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The proprioceptive training program was able to improve dynamic neuromuscular control in fencing athletes. PMID: 32369762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Does Low-Level Laser Therapy Decrease Muscle-Damaging Mediators After Performance in Soccer Athletes Versus Sham Laser Treatment? A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Bettleyon J, Kaminski TW Abstract Clinical Scenario: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a controversial topic for its use in athletic recovery, mainly due to inconsistency in research regarding the application of LLLT. Articles on LLLT have assessed its effectiveness in untrained humans through pain scales, functional scales, and blood draws, and it has been found capable in nonathletic rehabilitative use. The controversy lies with LLLT in the recovering athlete. Not only do athletes need to perform at high levels, but each sport is unique in the metabolic demands placed on the athletes' bodies. This modali...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Surface Electromyography of the Internal and External Oblique Muscles During Isometric Tasks Targeting the Lateral Trunk.
CONCLUSIONS: We recommend the novel trunk-elevated side-unsupported task for assessing lateral trunk muscle performance. For independent exercise, we recommend the lateral plank task, unless arm or shoulder pathologies are present, whereby the feet-elevated side-supported task may be favorable. PMID: 32369764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of Dynamic Stretching Combined With Static Stretching, Foam Rolling, or Vibration Rolling as a Warm-Up Exercise on Athletic Performance in Elite Table Tennis Players.
Authors: Hsu FY, Tsai KL, Lee CL, Chang WD, Chang NJ Abstract CONTEXT: Warm-up exercise is an essential preexercise routine for athletes to optimize performance. However, the benefits of combined warm-up protocols remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: This comparative study investigated the acute effects of dynamic stretching (DS) followed by static stretching (SS), self-myofascial release using a foam rolling (FR) device, or vibration foam rolling (VFR) as a warm-up exercise to improve flexibility, power, agility, and specific skills in elite table tennis players. DESIGN: A crossover study. SETTING: University. ...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 2, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Does the Method of Administration Affect Reliability of the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure?
CONCLUSIONS: The MOA does not appear to affect the responses on the FAAM; however, the authors observed slightly higher reliability on the FAAM-D. The FAAM-D is sufficient to be used for generating practice-based evidence in rehabilitation medicine. PMID: 32357314 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 2, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

A Trial of the Effect of 2-Step Orthosis Treatment for Mallet Finger Fractures.
CONCLUSIONS: This method provides satisfactory fixation and can prevent proximal interphalangeal joint contracture. Favorable long-term outcomes were confirmed in all patients, suggesting that this method may be effective for previously untreated mallet finger fractures with little displacement. PMID: 32357315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 2, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Altered Neuromuscular Activity of the Lower-Extremities During Landing Tasks in Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review of Electromyographic Studies.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with ACLR displayed an altered muscle activity pattern during landing tasks, even though they were considered to be capable for sport return. Nevertheless, a firm conclusion could not be drawn due to great heterogeneity in the subject selection and study methods. PMID: 32357316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - May 2, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Different Perceptions of Parents and Children on Factors Influencing Sport Specialization.
Authors: Hernandez MI, Biese KM, Schaefer DA, Post EG, Bell DR, Brooks MA Abstract CONTEXT: Sport specialization among youth athletes has been associated with increased risk of overuse injuries. Previous research demonstrates that children perceive specialization to be beneficial in making their high school team and receiving athletic college scholarships. Previous research demonstrates that parents play a significant role in their child's sport experience. However, it is unknown if parents and children answer questions related to specialization factors in a similar manner. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the beliefs of...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 28, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Frequency-Based Resistance Training Protocols on Muscular Performance and Hypertrophy in Trained Males: A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Kessinger TK, Melton B, Miyashita T, Ryan G Abstract Clinical Scenario: Manipulation of exercise variables in resistance training (RT) is an important component in the development of muscular strength, power, and hypertrophy. Currently, most research centers on untrained or recreationally trained subjects. This critically appraised topic focuses on studies that center on the well-trained subject with regard to frequency of training. Clinical Question: In well-trained male subjects, is there an association between RT frequency and the development of muscular strength and hypertrophy? Summary of Key Findings...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 28, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Body Image in Athletes and Nonathletes With Low Back Pain: Avoidance-Endurance-Related Subgroups and Sports Status Play a Role.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that considering multiple risk factors for LBP, such as body image and dysfunctional pain behavior, as well as subgrouping, might be valuable for research and for broadening therapy options. PMID: 32335530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 28, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of the Y-Balance Test and Star Excursion Balance Test: Utilization of a Discrete Event Simulation.
Authors: Gabriel EH, Powden CJ, Hoch MC Abstract CONTEXT: The Y-Balance Test (YBT) and Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) are commonly used to detect deficits in dynamic postural control. There is a lack of literature on the differences in reach distances and efficiency of the tests. OBJECTIVE: To compare the reach distances of the YBT and SEBT. An additional aim was to compare the time necessary to administer the 2 tests and utilize a discrete event simulation to determine the number of participants who could be screened within different scenarios. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Laboratory Patients: Twenty-four ...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 25, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Rapid Facial Cryotherapy for Combat Sports: A Comparison of Materials and Methods for Cooling Facial Tissues in 60 Seconds or Less.
CONCLUSIONS: This study does not support the clinical use of an enswell to provide short-duration cryotherapy treatments to facial tissue, as ice packs are more effective. PMID: 32325428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 25, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Change in Regional Activity of the Quadratus Lumborum During Bridge Exercises.
Authors: Oshikawa T, Adachi G, Akuzawa H, Okubo Y, Kaneoka K Abstract CONTEXT: The quadratus lumborum (QL) is expected to contribute to segmental motor control of the lumbar spine to prevent low back pain. It has different layers (anterior [QL-a] and posterior [QL-p] layers), whose functional differences are becoming apparent. However, the difference between the QL-a and QL-p activities during bridge exercises utilized in rehabilitation is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare QL-a and QL-p activities during bridge exercises. DESIGN: Repeated-measurement design was used to assess electromyographic activity of trun...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

A Clinically Relevant Method of Quantifying the Mechanical Properties of RockTape ® Kinesiology Tape at Different Elongation Lengths.
CONCLUSION: This investigation documented a novel method of measuring the mechanical properties of 2 types of RockTape® KT. Future research should attempt to validate these testing methods. PMID: 32320946 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Acute Effects of Tissue Flossing on Ankle Range of Motion and Tensiomyography Parameters.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that TF applied to the ankle is a valid method to increase ROM and at the same time maintaining muscular stiffness. PMID: 32320948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Nonoperative Treatment for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture on Patient-Reported Outcomes and Muscular Strength: A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Hunt ER, Parise CN, Butterfield TA Abstract Clinical Scenario: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures are one of the most common injuries in young athletic populations. The leading treatment for these injuries is ACL reconstruction (ACL-r); however, nonoperative treatments are also utilized. Following ACL-r, patients experience prolonged muscle weakness and atrophy of the quadriceps muscle group, regardless of rehabilitation. Nonoperative treatment plans following ACL injury exist, but their outcomes are less familiar, in spite of providing insight as a nonsurgical "control" for postsurgical r...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Knee Joint and Quadriceps Dysfunction in Individuals With Anterior Knee Pain, Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction, and Meniscus Surgery: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Kim S, Kim D, Park J Abstract CONTEXT: While arthrogenous muscle inhibition associated with knee injuries is evident, the relative magnitude of functional deficiency related to each individual knee pathology is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the knee joint and quadriceps dysfunction among patients with anterior knee pain (AKP) without surgical history and those with surgical history (anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction [ACLR]; meniscus surgery) without current AKP, with matched healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 66 patients w...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of Concussion Sideline Screening Measures Across Varying Exertion Levels Within Simulated Games.
Authors: Dubas RL, Teel EF, Kay MC, Ryan ED, Petschauer MA, Register-Mihalik JK Abstract CONTEXT: Currently, there is no gold standard to evaluate the effect of varying game-like exertion states on Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3rd Edition (SCAT-3) outcomes. Baseline assessments may occur before, during, or after physical activity, while postinjury evaluations predominantly occur following physical activity. Thus, clinicians may be comparing postinjury evaluations completed following exertion to baseline evaluations completed following varying levels of rest or exertion, which may not be a valid method for clini...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of Sand on Landing Knee Valgus During Single-Leg Land and Drop Jump Tasks: Possible Implications for ACL Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation.
CONCLUSIONS: The effects of sand on FPPA during DJ tasks in males and females are unclear, and further data is required. However, the moderate to large reductions in FPPA in females during SLL tasks suggest that sand may provide a safer alternative to firm ground for female athletes in anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention and rehabilitation programs, which involve a SLL component. PMID: 32234999 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of a 4-Week Short-Foot Exercise Program on Gait Characteristics in Patients With Stage II Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction.
CONCLUSIONS: Our 4-week SFE program may have positive effects on changing muscle activation patterns for tibialis anterior and fibularis longus muscles, although it could not influence their structural deformity and ankle joint moment. It could produce a potential benefit of decreased tibialis posterior activation. PMID: 32235000 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Influence of Soccer Playing Surface on the Loading Response to Ankle (P)Rehabilitation Exercises.
CONCLUSIONS: PlayerLoad magnitude was sensitive to unit placement, advocating measurement with greater anatomical relevance when using microelectromechanical systems technology to monitor training or rehabilitation load. AstroTurf elicited higher PlayerLoad across all planes and drills and should be avoided for rehabilitative purposes, whereas 3G elicited a similar mechanical response to NT. PMID: 32235001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - April 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Effect of Kinesio Tape on Factors for Neuromuscular Control of the Lower-Extremity: A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Martonick N, Kober K, Watkins A, DiEnno A, Perez C, Renfro A, Chae S, Baker R Abstract Clinical Scenario: Joint instability is a common condition that often stems from inadequate muscle activation and results in precarious movement patterns. When clinicians attempt to mechanically treat the unstable joint rather than attending to the underlying cause of the instability, patient outcomes may suffer. The use of kinesiology tape (KT) on an unstable joint has been proposed to aid in improving lower-extremity neuromuscular control. Clinical Question: Does KT improve factors of neuromuscular control in an athlet...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - March 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Immediate Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Quadriceps Muscle Function in Individuals With a History of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Preliminary Investigation.
CONCLUSIONS: One session of active tDCS did not have an immediate effect on quadriceps activity and subjective scores of pain and symptoms. To determine if tDCS is a valid modality for this patient population, a larger scale investigation with multiple treatments of active tDCS is warranted. PMID: 32221043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - March 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Infrared Thermography Protocol on Reducing the Incidence of Soccer Injuries.
CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of an IRTPP can reduce the presence of injuries by identifying players potentially at risk and as a result, reducing the injury severity and days lost as a consequence. PMID: 32188790 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - March 20, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Are Functional Movement Screen Tests Performed at the Right Time, if It Is an Injury Risk Predictor?
Authors: Kocak UZ, Unver B Abstract CONTEXT: Sports injuries are more common when players are fatigued and occur more frequently at the end of matches; therefore, determining the right time for employing an injury screening test is important. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of timing (prematch vs postmatch fatigue) on the functional movement screen (FMS) scores, a frequently used injury risk screening method. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Field. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four women soccer players from a professional team were included. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The players were evaluated with...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - March 20, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Near Point of Convergence Deficits and Treatment Following Concussion: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: The authors' main findings suggest that there is a moderate level of evidence that patients have impaired NPC up to several months postconcussion, and a low level of evidence that impairments can be successfully treated with oculomotor therapy. These findings should be cautiously evaluated; the studies are limited by weak/moderate quality, small sample sizes, varied methodology, and nonrandomized treatment groups. Future research should explore factors affecting convergence postconcussion and include randomized, controlled studies to determine if performing vision therapy improves visual measures and promotes ...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - March 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of Meniscal Repair on Joint Loading in Athletes With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction at 3 Months Following Surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study suggest that the additional surgical procedure of MR may not have had negative effects on joint loading during squatting at 12 weeks. PMID: 32131048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - March 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Ankle Bracing Alters Coordination and Coordination Variability in Individuals With and Without Chronic Ankle Instability.
CONCLUSIONS: Greater stability of lower-extremity coordination patterns as well as spatiotemporal locking of the foot-shank coupling during terminal swing may work to guard against malalignment at foot contact and contribute to the efficacy of ankle bracing. Ankle bracing may also act antagonistically to interventions fostering functional variability. PMID: 32131049 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - March 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of LHB Score.
Authors: Najafov E, Özal Ş, Kaptan AY, Ulucaköy C, Kanatlı U, Ataoğlu B, Başar S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Long head of biceps (LHB) pathologies are an important cause of pain and dysfunction. As LHB pathologies have specific components from other underlying or related pathologies, the LHB score is designed for an accurate assessment. The aim of this study was to adapt the LHB score into Turkish and to assess its validity and reliability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: LHB score was translated and culturally adapted from English to Turkish, and then it was applied to 62 patients with biceps long head patholo...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - March 6, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Evaluation of Knee-Specific Patient-Reported Outcome Measures Using Rasch Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite their use in clinical practice, several items showed poor measurement properties. Future studies are needed to develop and evaluate novel items that are suitable for measuring knee-related function in high-functioning populations to ensure continuity of PROMs as individuals recover from injuries. PMID: 32106079 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - February 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Pain Education With Therapeutic Exercise in Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain Rehabilitation: A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Jones KC, Tocco EC, Marshall AN, Valovich McLeod TC, Welch Bacon CE Abstract Clinical Scenario: Low back pain is widely prevalent in the general population as well as in athletes. Therapeutic exercise is a low-risk and effective treatment option for chronic pain that can be utilized by all rehabilitation clinicians. However, therapeutic exercise alone does not address the psychosocial aspects that are associated with chronic low back pain. Pain education is the umbrella term utilized to encompass any type of education to the patient about their chronic pain. Therapeutic exercise in combination with pain ed...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - February 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Concussion Reporting Intention in Adolescent Athletes.
Authors: Cook N, Hunt TN Abstract Clinical Scenario: Concussions are severely underreported, with only 47.3% of high school athletes reporting their concussion. The belief was that athletes who were better educated on the signs and symptoms and potential dangers of concussion would be more likely to report. However, literature has shown inconsistent evidence on the efficacy of concussion education, improving reporting behaviors. Factors such as an athlete's attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control have shown promise in predicting intention to report concussions in athletes. Focused Clinical Ques...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - February 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Therapeutic Elastic Tapes Applied in Different Directions Over the Triceps Surae Do Not Modulate Reflex Excitability of the Soleus Muscle.
CONCLUSIONS: The authors' findings showed that, irrespective of the direction of tape application, the elastic tape applied over the triceps surae does not generate any significant alteration on the excitability of the reflex pathway for different subpopulations of motor units. The authors therefore suggest a re-examination of the current recommendations on taping direction in clinical and sports activities. PMID: 32087597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - February 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Bend Don't Break: Stretching Improves Scores on a Battery of Fall Assessment Tools in Older Adults.
This study aimed to determine if 5 weeks of flexibility training could increase sitting-rising test, timed up and go, and 5 times sit-to-stand scores in community-dwelling older adults. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-seven adults aged 60 years and older (mean age = 66.7 y, SD = 4.1) participated in this study. Participants completed a static stretching protocol consisting of 3 weekly 1-hour stretching sessions. RESULTS: The protocol improved flexibility as seen in sit-and-reach scores and improved scores on all outcome variables. Specifically, there was a significant increase in sitting-rising test scores from preinterve...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - February 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

A Comparison of 6 Weeks of Aquatic Exercise and Kinesio Taping in Patients With Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain.
Authors: Alikhajeh Y, Barabadi E, Mohammad Rahimi GR Abstract CONTEXT: In many societies, although chronic low back pain (LBP) is a significant problem, there is no consensus on the optimal therapeutic intervention. OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact of aquatic exercise (AE) and kinesio taping (KT) on the pain intensity and functional incapacity in women with chronic nonspecific LBP. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six women with chronic nonspecific LBP (mean [SD]: age = 50.69 [4.187] y) participated. INTERVENTIONS: Participants randomly a...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - February 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research