The Effects of Intermittent Pneumatic Compression on the Reduction of Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage in Endurance Athletes: A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Stedge HL, Armstrong K Abstract Clinical Scenario: Endurance sports require a great deal of physical training to perform well. Endurance training and racing stress the skeletal muscle, resulting in exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Athletes attempt to aid their recovery in various ways, one of which is through compression. Dynamic compression consists of intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) devices, such as the NormaTec Recovery System and Recovery Pump. Clinical Question: What are the effects of IPC on the reduction of EIMD in endurance athletes following prolonged exercise? Summary of Key Findin...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - January 10, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Upper-Extremity Perceptual-Motor Training Improves Whole-Body Reactive Agility Among Elite Athletes With History of Sport-Related Concussion.
Authors: Wilkerson GB, Nabhan DC, Crane RT Abstract CONTEXT: Sport-related concussion (SRC) elevates risk for subsequent injury, which may relate to impaired perceptual-motor processes that are potentially modifiable. OBJECTIVE: To assess a possible upper-extremity (UE) training effect on whole-body (WB) reactive agility performance among elite athletes with history of SRC (HxSRC) and without such history of SRC. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Residential training center. PARTICIPANTS: Elite athletes (12 males and 8 females), including 10 HxSRC and 10 without such history of SRC. INTERVENTION: O...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - January 10, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Reliability of a Smartphone Goniometric Application in the Measurement of Hip Range of Motion Among Experienced and Novice Clinicians.
CONCLUSION: Smartphone-based goniometric measurements of hip range of motion have high intratester and intertester reliability for novice and expert clinicians. It may be a useful, simple, and inexpensive resource for clinicians. PMID: 33418537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - January 10, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Serratus Anterior Stretch: A Novel Intervention and Its Effect on the Shoulder Range of Motion.
CONCLUSION: An acute SAS intervention improves shoulder mobility in healthy individuals. It is recommended for the trial on the prevention and rehabilitation of shoulder pathologies with restriction in shoulder mobility. PMID: 33418538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - January 10, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Hop Performance After Return to Sport in Anterior Cruciate Ligament-Reconstructed Gaelic Football and Hurling Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of ACL-reconstructed Gaelic athletes demonstrate normal levels of hop symmetry after returning to competition. Suboptimal hop performance can persist on the involved side compared with control limbs. Targeted rehabilitation may be warranted after returning to competition to restore performance to levels of healthy uninjured athletes. PMID: 33418539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - January 10, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Gait Assessment in College Athletes: Do Concussion History, Symptoms, Gender, and Type of Sport Matter?
CONCLUSIONS: Reporting symptoms at testing time may influence gait under dual-task conditions. Additionally, female athletes showed more gait changes during a dual task. Sports medicine professionals should be aware that these variables, while unrelated to injury, may affect an athlete's gait upon analysis. PMID: 33418540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - January 10, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Acceleration Profiles and the Isoinertial Squatting Exercise: Is There a Direct Effect on Concentric-Eccentric Force, Power, and Neuromuscular Efficiency?
Authors: Campos DB, Ferreira IC, Souza MA, Amorim M, Intelangelo L, Silveira-Nunes G, Barbosa AC Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine the selective influences of distinct acceleration profiles on the neuromuscular efficiency, force, and power during concentric and eccentric phases of isoinertial squatting exercise. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory of the university. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 38 active adults were divided according to their acceleration profiles: higher (n = 17;>2.5 m/s2) and lower acceleration group (n = 21;
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - January 1, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Electromyographic Analysis of Hip and Trunk Muscle Activity During Side Bridge Exercises in Subjects With Gluteus Medius Weakness.
Authors: Lee KE, Baik SM, Yi CH, Kwon OY, Cynn HS Abstract CONTEXT: Side bridge exercises strengthen the hip, trunk, and abdominal muscles and challenge the trunk muscles without the high lumbar compression associated with trunk extension or curls. Previous research using electromyography (EMG) reports that performance of the side bridge exercise highly activates the gluteus medius (Gmed). However, to the best of our knowledge, no previous research has investigated EMG amplitude in the hip and trunk muscles during side bridge exercise in subjects with Gmed weakness. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to e...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - January 1, 2021 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Acute Effect of Ankle Kinesio ™ Taping on Lower-Limb Biomechanics During Single-Legged Drop Landing.
CONCLUSIONS: Ankle lateral supports provided by KT potentially decreases mechanical stresses applied to the lower limbs, aids in dynamic balance, and lowers calf muscle energy consumption; therefore, it could be offered as a suitable supportive means for acute usage in athletes with chronic ankle instability. PMID: 33361493 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - December 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Electromyographic Profile of the Shoulder During Stability Exercises With Kettlebells.
Authors: Hedt C, Lambert BS, Holland ML, Daum J, Randall J, Lintner DM, McCulloch PC Abstract CONTEXT: Shoulder rehabilitation can be a difficult task due to the dynamic nature of the joint complex. Various weight training implements, including kettlebells (KB), have been utilized for therapeutic exercise in the rehabilitation setting to improve shoulder girdle strength and motor control. The KBs are unique in that they provide an unstable load and have been purported to promote greater muscle activation versus standard dumbbells. Recent literature has examined the efficacy of KB exercises for global strengthening ...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - December 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment Versus Exercise Program in Runners With Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSION: Both OMT and EP are effective in treating runners with PFPS. PMID: 33333491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - December 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Tibial Accelerations During the Single-Leg Hop Test: Influence of Fixation.
Authors: Tucker HW, Tobin ER, Moran MF Abstract CONTEXT: Performance on single-leg hopping (SLH) assessments is commonly included within return-to-sport criteria for rehabilitating athletes. Triaxial accelerometers have been used to quantify impact loading in a variety of movements, including hopping; however, they have never been attached to the tibia during SLH, and their method of fixation has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to quantify triaxial accelerations and evaluate the influence of the fixation method of a lightweight inertial measurement unit (Blue Trident) mounted to ...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - December 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Static Ankle Dorsiflexion and Hip and Pelvis Kinematics During Forward Step-Down in Patients With Hip-Related Groin Pain.
CONCLUSIONS: Among those with hip-related groin pain, smaller static ankle dorsiflexion angles are associated with less ankle dorsiflexion motion and altered pelvis and hip kinematics during a step-down. Future research is needed to assess the effect of treating restricted ankle dorsiflexion on quality of motion and symptoms in patients with hip-related groin pain. PMID: 33291065 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - December 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Effect of Hip Joint Mobilizations Using a Mobilization Belt on Hip Range of Motion and Functional Outcomes.
CONCLUSION: Isolated immediate changes in ROM and functional outcomes were evident. Further evaluation is needed. PMID: 33291069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - December 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

An Investigation Into Former High School Athletes' Experiences of a Multidisciplinary Approach to Sport Injury Rehabilitation.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings from the present study provided support for the utilization of the multidisciplinary model of care for sport injury rehabilitation with high school athletes. PMID: 33238240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - November 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Influence of Sagittal Plane Hip Position on Lower-Extremity Muscle Activity and Torque Output.
Authors: Glaviano NR, Bazett-Jones DM Abstract CONTEXT: Hip muscle strength has previously been evaluated in various sagittal plane testing positions. Altering the testing position appears to have an influence on hip muscle torque during hip extension, abduction, and external rotation. However, it is unknown how altering the testing position influences hip muscle activity during these commonly performed assessments. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how hip sagittal plane position influences hip muscle activation and torque output. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIP...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - November 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Acute Effects of Tissue Flossing Around the Upper Thigh on Neuromuscular Performance: A Study Using Different Degrees of Wrapping Pressure.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that tissue flossing around the upper thigh might have a localized as well as pressure-sensitive response, thereby improving neuromuscular function of the knee extensors. PMID: 33238242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - November 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Low-Back Pain and Knee Position-Related Differences on Postural Control Measures During a One-Legged Stance in Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: The athletes with CLBP had poorer postural control than the healthy athletes and obtained specific cutoff scores from the COP values. PMID: 33238243 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - November 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of the Graston Technique ® With Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization for Increasing Dorsiflexion Range of Motion.
Comparison of the Graston Technique® With Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization for Increasing Dorsiflexion Range of Motion. J Sport Rehabil. 2020 Nov 25;:1-8 Authors: Bush HM, Stanek JM, Wooldridge JD, Stephens SL, Barrack JS Abstract CONTEXT: Limited dorsiflexion (DF) range of motion (ROM) is commonly observed in both the athletic and general populations and is a predisposing factor for lower extremity injury. Graston Technique® (GT) is a form of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM), used commonly to increase ROM. Evidence of the long-term effects of GT on ROM is lackin...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - November 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Immediate Effects of Limb Rotational Kinesio Tape Application on Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test Scores.
CONCLUSIONS: Applying the limb rotational Kinesio tape technique did not improve immediate YBT-UQ scores in a male collegiate athletic population with rounded shoulder posture. The use of Kinesio tape to improve immediate closed kinetic chain function in male collegiate athletes with rounded shoulder posture cannot be supported. PMID: 33238245 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - November 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Coupled Gluteus Maximus and Gluteus Medius Recruitment Patterns Modulate Hip Adduction Variability During Single-Limb Step-Downs: A Cross-Sectional Study.
CONCLUSION: Hip-adduction variability during single-limb step-downs correlated more strongly with measures of coupled gluteus maximus and medius recruitment patterns than with hip-extensor strength or magnitudes of muscle recruitment. Examining coupled recruitment patterns may provide an alternative understanding of the extent to which hip neuromuscular control modulates lower-extremity kinematics beyond examining muscle strength or EMG recruitment magnitudes. PMID: 33217729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - November 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Effects of a Soccer-Specific Fitness Test on Eccentric Knee Flexor Strength.
Authors: Brogden CM, Gough L, Kelly A Abstract CONTEXT: Physiological fitness testing, such as the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test (YYIR) is a key requirement of the Elite Player Performance Plan, introduced by the English Premier League. Eccentric hamstring strength has been identified as a risk factor for hamstring injuries in soccer players, with fatigue highlighted to further exasperate this issue. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to examine the effect of the YYIR level 1 (YYIR1) on eccentric knee flexor strength assessed using the NordBord in youth soccer players. DESIGN: Experimental desig...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - November 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Contributions of Muscle Elasticity and Lateral Slide of the Transversus Abdominis to Lumbar Stability.
CONCLUSION: Elasticity of the TrA and lumbar stability was significantly correlated; therefore, improving the tonicity of the TrA may stabilize the lumbar vertebrae in healthy individuals. Moreover, hollowing with maximum effort may be effective as training aimed to stabilize the lumbar vertebrae for physical dysfunction due to lumbar instability. PMID: 33217731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - November 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The 6-m Timed Hop Is Not a Suitable Clinical Assessment Tool for Use Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.
Authors: Read PJ, Palli T, Oliver JL Abstract CONTEXT: Single-leg hop tests are used to assess functional performance following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Recording 6-m timed hop scores using a stopwatch increases the potential for misclassification of patient status due to the number of error sources present. OBJECTIVE: To examine the consistency of pass/fail (>90% limb symmetry index [LSI]) decisions in athletes tested at discharge following ACL reconstruction during the 6-m timed hop and the agreement between different human raters using a stopwatch and an electronic timing system. ...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - November 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Is There a Decrease in the Acromiohumeral Distance Among Recreational Overhead Athletes With Rotator Cuff-Related Shoulder Pain?
Authors: de Oliveira FCL, Ager AL, Roy JS Abstract CONTEXT: Recreational overhead athletes are exposed to high overload, which increases the risk of shoulder injuries. Reduction of the acromiohumeral distance (AHD) is often associated with rotator cuff-related shoulder pain (RCRSP) among the general population. However, the AHD of symptomatic shoulders of recreational athletes has not yet been compared with their asymptomatic shoulders. OBJECTIVE: To compare the AHD of a symptomatic to asymptomatic shoulder at rest (0°) and 60° abduction. To establish the relationship between AHD, pain, and functional l...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of Ice Massage Prior to an Iontophoresis Treatment Using Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate.
Authors: Smith BM, Draper DO, Hyldahl RD, Rigby JH Abstract CONTEXT: Low current intensity iontophoresis treatments have increased skin perfusion over 700% from baseline potentially altering drug clearance from or diffusion to the targeted area. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a preceding 10-minute ice massage on subcutaneous dexamethasone sodium phosphate (Dex-P) concentration and skin perfusion during and after a 4-mA iontophoresis treatment. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four participants (male = 12, female = 12; a...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Clinical Changes in Cervical Neuromuscular Control Following Subconcussive Impacts.
Authors: Cheever K, Howard JT, Kawata K Abstract CONTEXT: Increased injury rates following concussive injury have been attributed to decreased neuromuscular coordination frequently documented following a concussion. However, altered integration between the vestibular system and oculomotor pathways following impacts at subconcussive thresholds implicate all sports-related impacts not just those at a concussive threshold in future musculoskeletal injury. While, several studies have explored the utility of vestibular and oculomotor clinical testing to detect altered neuromuscular control and then correlated those alte...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Changes of Ankle Dorsiflexion Using Compression Tissue Flossing: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: There is grade B evidence to suggest CTF may have no effect on DFROM when compared with a control of range of motion activities only and results in moderate improvements from pre-CTF to post-CTF. This suggests that DFROM improvements were most likely due to exercises completed rather than the band application. PMID: 33075750 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Variable Lower Limb Alignment of Clinical Measures With Digital Photographs and the Footscan Pressure System.
CONCLUSIONS: The posture of the standing feet may have influence on lower limb alignment. Currently, there are no studies carried out by using digital photogrammetry and foot scan. The authors claim that patient-friendly digital photogrammetry would have a positive contribution to the monitoring of patients, even including new ones in the treatment programs, reducing any possible loss in the personal and national economy. PMID: 33075751 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Dynamic Balance Measures in Healthy and Chronic Ankle Instability Participants While Wearing Ankle Braces: Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Reyburn RJ, Powden CJ Abstract CONTEXT: Ankle braces have been theorized to augment dynamic balance. OBJECTIVES: To complete a systematic review with meta-analysis of the available literature assessing the effect of ankle braces on dynamic balance in individuals with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI). EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Electronic databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus) were searched from inception to October 2019 using combinations of keywords related to dynamic balance, ankle braces, Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), Y-Balance Test (YBT), and Time to Stabilization. Inc...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Relationship Between Hip Frontal Dynamic Joint Stiffness and Frontal and Transverse Plane Hip Kinematics During Gait: Sex Differences.
Authors: Takano S, Iwamoto Y, Ozawa J, Kito N Abstract CONTEXT: Previous studies have reported that the incidence of patellofemoral pain in women is 2.2 times higher than that in men. Lower hip frontal dynamic joint stiffness in women may be related to the magnitude of hip adduction and internal rotation associated with patellofemoral pain. OBJECTIVE: To identify sex differences in hip frontal dynamic joint stiffness and examine the relationship between hip frontal dynamic joint stiffness and hip adduction and internal rotation during gait. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University campus. ...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of Nordic Hamstring Exercise Training on Knee Flexors Eccentric Strength and Fascicle Length: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: NHE training has the potential of increasing both knee flexors eccentric strength and biceps femoris long head fascicle length. PMID: 33049705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Isometric Contractions Compared With Isotonic Contractions in Reducing Pain For In-Season Athletes With Patellar Tendinopathy.
Authors: Vang C, Niznik A Abstract Clinical Scenario: Patellar tendinopathy is a common musculoskeletal disorder affecting the lower-extremities and a difficult condition to manage for athletes that are in season. To facilitate improvement in function and to decrease pain, initial treatment for patellar tendinopathy is typically conservative. Traditional interventions may include eccentric training, cryotherapy, patellar counterforce straps, oral anti-inflammatories, injectable agents, phonophoresis, iontophoresis, orthotics, therapeutic ultrasound, and extracorporeal shockwave. In addition, recent literature sugge...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of Trunk Flexion Proprioception Between Healthy Athletes and Athletes With Patellofemoral Pain.
Authors: Heydari Armaki R, Abbasnia K, Motealleh A Abstract OBJECTIVE: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is the most commonly reported musculoskeletal overuse injury in active individuals, such as athletes, and is a multifactorial problem with no definite cause identified to date. Some studies have shown a relationship between impaired core and trunk sensorimotor control and knee disorders, especially PFP. The aim of this study was to evaluate trunk flexion proprioception by comparing the repositioning error between healthy athletes and athletes with PFP. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: Rehabil...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Examination of Repeated Self-Mobilizations With Movement and Joint Mobilizations on Individuals With Chronic Ankle Instability.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinician-applied mobilizations and Self-Mobs are effective interventions for improving dynamic balance, isometric strength, and perceived function. Application of Self-Mobs can effectively improve DFROM compared with joint mobilization. Self-Mobs may be an effective intervention to incorporate into a home care plan. PMID: 33049708 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Evaluating Multiple Domains of Health in High School Athletes With Sport-Related Concussion.
Authors: Williams RM, Johnson RS, Snyder Valier AR, Curtis Bay R, Valovich McLeod TC Abstract CONTEXT: Concussions are shown to hinder multiple health dimensions, including health-related quality of life (HRQOL), suggesting a need for a whole-person approach to assessment and treatment. Patient-reported outcome measures are one method to gather the patient's perspective regarding their HRQOL. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perceived HRQOL using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Pediatric-25 subscale in patients throughout concussion recovery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort, descriptive survey...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 12, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Effect of Plantar Massage on Static Postural Control in Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability: A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Helly KL, Bain KA, Gribble PA, Hoch MC Abstract Clinical Scenario: Patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI) demonstrate deficits in both sensory and motor function, which can be objectively evaluated through static postural control testing. One intervention that has been suggested to improve somatosensation and, in turn, static postural control is plantar massage. Clinical Question: Does plantar massage improve static postural control during single-limb stance in patients with CAI relative to baseline? Summary of Key Findings: A search was performed for articles exploring the effect of plantar massage...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Reliability of an Upper- and Lower-Extremity Visuomotor Reaction Time Task.
CONCLUSIONS: Both VMRT tasks had clinically acceptable reliability in a healthy, active population. Future research should explore further applications of these tests as an outcome measure following rehabilitation for health conditions with known VMRT deficits. PMID: 33027762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Exploring the Psychometric Properties of the Disablement in the Physically Active Scale Short Form-8 in Adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: The CFA of the DPA SF-8 met contemporary model fit recommendations in the adolescent athlete population. The results confirmed initial findings supporting the psychometric properties of the DPA SF-8 as well as the uniqueness of the quality-of-life and physical summary factors in an adolescent population. Further research (eg, reliability, invariance between groups, minimal clinically important differences, etc) is warranted to inform scale use in clinical practice and research. PMID: 33027763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Low Self-Efficacy and High Kinesiophobia Are Associated With Worse Function in Patients With Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome.
CONCLUSION: Self-reported depression and/or anxiety, low self-efficacy, and high kinesiophobia were associated with more hip pain and worse function for patients with FAIS. These findings warrant further examination including psychosocial treatment strategies to improve the likelihood of a successful clinical outcome for this at-risk population. PMID: 33027764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Dry Needling for Hamstring Flexibility: A Single-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSION: DN is effective in improving hamstring flexibility compared with SS. One session of DN can be an effective treatment for hamstring tightness and increase hamstring flexibility. The improvements suggest that DN is a novel treatment for hamstring flexibility. PMID: 33027765 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - October 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Evaluation of Joint Mobilization Dosage on Ankle Range of Motion in Individuals With Decreased Dorsiflexion and a History of Ankle Sprain.
Authors: Meyer JE, Rivera MJ, Powden CJ Abstract CONTEXT: Mulligan's Mobilization with Movement (MWM) is a common intervention used to address dorsiflexion range of motion (DFROM) impairments. However, the treatment dosage of MWMs varies within the literature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of serial MWM application on DFROM. DESIGN: Repeated-measures cohort. SETTING: A Midwestern University and the surrounding community. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 18 adults (13 females; age = 29 [12.87] y; DFROM = 30.26° [4.60°]) with decrease dorsiflexion (
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - September 26, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

A Proposal for Complex Gait Evaluation Using Dual-Task Gait Termination Time.
Authors: Johnson RS, Scott KH, Lynall RC Abstract CONTEXT: Gait termination time (GTT) has been used to predict falls in older adults but has not been explored in the sport rehabilitation setting. The incorporation of a concurrent cognitive task as a complex measure of gait in this clinical population could lead to better health-related outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of planned and unplanned gait termination with and without a concurrent cognitive task on reaction time (RT), gait velocity, and GTT. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty young adults (females 6...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - September 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Validity and Intrarater Reliability Using a Smartphone Clinometer Application to Measure Active Cervical Range of Motion Including Rotation Measurements in Supine.
Authors: Monreal C, Luinstra L, Larkins L, May J Abstract CONTEXT: Technological advances have given smartphones the capabilities of sensitive clinical measurement equipment at lesser cost and higher availability. The Clinometer is a smartphone application that can be used to measure the joint range of motion in a clinical setting, but psychometric properties of the tool's use measuring cervical range of motion (CROM) are not established. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and intrarater reliability of the Clinometer application for the measurement of CROM (ie, flexion, exten...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - September 17, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Validity of Postural Sway Assessment on the Biodex BioSway ™ Compared With the NeuroCom Smart Equitest.
CONCLUSIONS: The authors observed fair reliability between BioSway™ and NeuroCom, with better agreement between systems with the assessment of postural sway on firm/static surfaces. However, the agreement of these systems may improve by incorporating methods that mitigate the floor effect in an athletic population (eg, including a head shake condition). BioSway™ may provide a surrogate field-expedient measurement tool. PMID: 32882681 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - September 7, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

The Long-Term Effectiveness of Trigger Point Dry Needling and Exercise for Individuals With Shoulder Pain: A Critically Appraised Topic.
Authors: Matsel K, Davies C, Uhl T Abstract Clinical Scenario: Shoulder pain is a very common symptom encountered in outpatient physical therapy practice. In addition to therapeutic exercise and manual therapy interventions, trigger point dry needling (TDN) has emerged as a possible treatment option for reducing shoulder pain and improving function. Dry needling consists of inserting a thin stainless-steel filament into a myofascial trigger point with the intention of eliciting a local twitch response of the muscle. It is theorized that this twitch response results in reduced muscle tension and can aid in reduced p...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - September 3, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Relationship Between Seated Single-Arm Shot Put and Isokinetic Shoulder Flexion and Elbow Extension Strength.
Authors: Watson MD, Davies GJ, Riemann BL Abstract CONTEXT: A recent report demonstrated moderate to strong relationships between seated single-arm shot-put (SSASP) test performance and isokinetic pushing forces at varying velocities, directly supporting the SSASP test as a reflection of multijoint upper-extremity strength. Yet, no previous work appears to have assessed whether the SSASP test is more reflective of shoulder flexion or elbow extension strength. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between isokinetic shoulder flexion and elbow extension strength and SSASP test performance and to compare limb sym...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - September 3, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Mode and Intensity of Physical Activity During the Postacute Phase of Sport-Related Concussion: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSION: Though the volume of literature at this time is limited, therapists should consider prescribing closely monitored individualized exercise programs utilizing progressive intensities when treating patients during the postacute phase of SRC. PMID: 32871551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - September 3, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Dynamic Balance in Athletes With Intellectual Disability: Effect of Dynamic Stretching and Plyometric Warm-Ups.
Authors: Jouira G, Srihi S, Ben Waer F, Rebai H, Sahli S Abstract CONTEXT: Athletes with intellectual disability (ID) have a high risk of injury while participating in various sports. Warm-up (WU) is the most preventive measure to reduce injuries in sports. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of dynamic stretching WU (DS-WU) and plyometric WU (PL-WU) on dynamic balance in athletes with ID. DESIGN: Crossover study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 12 athletes with ID (age 24.5 [3.22] y, height 165.7 [8.4] cm, weight 61.5 [7.1] kg, intelligence quotient 61.1 [3.5...
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - September 3, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research

Our Commitment to Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion.
Authors: Huxel Bliven KC PMID: 32788411 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation - August 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Sport Rehabil Source Type: research