Culture of honor, jealousy and distorted thoughts of men imprisoned for violence against women.
Authors: Rodríguez-Espartal N Abstract In this work, we present the analysis of life stories of a group of men who are serving sentences for gender violence in Jaén II Penitentiary Institution (Andalusia, Spain), who are part of the treatment for gender aggressors. Results show some characteristics of these men, related to gender violence, are a reflection of the patriarchal system, with a traditional cultural component, such as the concept of culture of honor; the existence of gender stereotypes; jealousy or infidelity as the main justification for the crime committed; all variables directly related ...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - September 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Constructing Collective Memories regarding Conflicto Armado Interno in Per ú (1980-2000): Psychologýs Role and Contributions Based upon Experiences of Collective Reprocessing of Memories in Educational Contexts.
Constructing Collective Memories regarding Conflicto Armado Interno in Perú (1980-2000): Psychologýs Role and Contributions Based upon Experiences of Collective Reprocessing of Memories in Educational Contexts. J Prev Interv Community. 2019 Sep 16;:1-19 Authors: Pease D MA, Guillén H Abstract The construction of collective memory with regard to Conflicto Armado Interno (Internal Armed Conflict CAI) -violence that occurred in Perú between 1980 and 2000- is still a challenge that produces disputes and tension. It has been studied mostly by social scientists, from the point of ...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - September 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Mental health strategies for prevention and intervention: Community perspectives.
Authors: Lewis RK Abstract The current issue is a call to action on the mental health crisis America is experiencing. Prevention and intervention programs are needed to address the gap in services. This current issue gathers the voices and perspectives from various populations' lived experiences with the intent to develop recommendations and solutions. PMID: 31474195 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community)
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - September 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

The role of parental citizenship status on depression of U.S. citizen children.
Authors: Bey A, Norton M Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine how parental citizenship status played a role in the depression scores of Hispanic/Latinx children in the sample. Eight-hundred thirty-five participants from the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS) were included in this study. The Center of Epidemiology Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to assess depression scores among this sample of Hispanic/Latinx children. Participants were separated into the following categories: Both parents U.S. citizens, one parent U.S. citizen, neither parent U.S. citizen. Analysis of variance...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - September 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Results from a community mental health assessment in a historically black church: A call for action.
Authors: Ormond A, Barbour R, Lewis RK, Montgomery A, Ponds A Abstract African Americans' rates of mental illness are similar to those of the general population, however, their rates of utilization of any mental health service is lower than many other ethnic/racial groups, specifically, non-Hispanic, Whites. Many African Americans do not receive adequate treatment for mental health issues due to several barriers to help-seeking behavior. Despite these barriers, African American communities have traditionally sought support from pastors or ministers of historically black churches in times of crises or when experienc...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - August 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Perceived stress, substance use, and mental health issues among college students in the Midwest.
This study was designed to measure the perceived stress among Whites and Nonwhites using the Perceived Stress Scale, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Revised, Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) and other behavioral indicators (diet and nutrition) to determine the overall well-being of college students. College students attending a mid-sized University in the Midwest completed an 80 item online survey. The results showed that thirty-six percent of the sample displayed depressive symptoms, 10% of the respondents endorsed high perceived stress and 56% reported experiencing moderate stress levels. ...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - August 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

An examination of suicidality of African American adolescents at a local and national level.
Authors: Crabtree E, Brest B, Lewis RK Abstract Suicidality is a serious concern in this country. In the U.S. nearly 40,000 people die by suicide each year. It is the 10th leading cause of death. For those 15-24, it is the 2nd leading cause of death. Using data from the Add Health Longitudinal data set and data gathered from a local organization an examination of suicidality among African American youth was conducted. Given the trauma and low resourced situations many African American adolescents find themselves in, interventions are needed to address these health concerns before other issues such as education and ...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - August 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Gender and sex inequalities: Implications and resistance.
Authors: Hazel KL, Kleyman KS Abstract Despite gains in some regions and countries for justice and equality, people around the world are still constrained by patriarchal hetero orthodoxy and resultant inequality, discrimination, oppression, and violence. For women in the U.S., progress towards equality has been often met with backlash, stalling and/or rolling back any advances. The same is true for the LGBTQ community. In this introduction to the second of three issues focused on social inequalities, we discuss some of the recent trends and research detailing the status of women and LGBTQ, thus providing the contex...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - August 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

The religion variable in community health promotion and illness prevention.
Authors: Milstein G, Palitsky R, Cuevas A Abstract Religion is a source of beliefs and practices, which can in turn influence health behaviors. Therefore, religious communities represent potential public health partners to improve well-being across economic and ethnic diversity. This issue of the Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community presents six empirical studies with a breadth of methodologies, and a range of subjects. The associations of religion with cancer fatalism, prenatal substance abuse, bereavement, suicide prevention, clergy mental health and attitudes toward the Affordable Care Act a...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - August 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Social inequality: Challenges, consequences, and action; introduction to the issue.
Authors: Kleyman KS, Hazel KL Abstract In the current paper, we introduce the third edition in a series on Social Inequalities, and highlight the impact of social inequalities and provide evidence-based research to support effective programs for change. One of the primary foci of the current issue is on the reduction of inequalities through targeted interventions and community involvement. The collection of articles spans diverse communities and varying placements within the evaluation of interventions, from pointing to potential areas of intervention to the formative or summative evaluation of multiyear programs. ...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - August 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Hands-on program evaluation training: The evolution of a doctoral course.
This article provides details of the background for the focus of this special issue-the accounts from groups of students who conducted evaluations of a local agency while enrolled in a Program Evaluation course in a Psy.D program. These projects were a part of the 5th year that students in the course worked explicitly with an agency on a Program Evaluation. Important themes and insights from the experiences of all 5 years are presented. Analysis of course evaluation data indicates these evaluation group projects were associated with a significant increase in the rating students gave the course. Comments from students on th...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Examining implementation and effects of a comprehensive community intervention addressing type 2 diabetes among high-risk minority patients in Durham County, NC.
Authors: Hassaballa I, Davis L, Francisco V, Schultz J, Fawcett S Abstract Type-2 diabetes affects millions of people. Racial minorities are at higher risk for developing diabetes and suffering complications. Duke University and its partners built a team to improve population-level health outcomes and reduce health disparities in Durham County, NC. An empirical case study design was used to examine the Durham Diabetes Program (DDP) and its effects on emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions (HAs). High-risk program participants (N = 200) were enrolled into the DDP using a risk algorith...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

The effectiveness of cognitive enhancement therapy in a community-based program.
Authors: Stratigis KY, Hoitomt KL, Hansen N, Michaels NA Abstract The following paper is the result of a semester-long program evaluation course at Spalding University, located in Louisville, Kentucky. During the course, the students were connected to Bridgehaven, a community based psychiatric rehabilitation and recovery program, also located in Louisville, Kentucky. The researchers of this project studied the long-term effectiveness of its Cognitive Enhancement Therapy (CET) program. Based on the data, the results did not yield significant results. However, this is potentially due to the low sample size and incomp...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 31, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Measuring motivation to change in community mental health: A Program Evaluation.
Authors: Schager JA, Stout KG, Steinkamp M Abstract A program evaluation of a community outpatient mental health program was conducted as part of a required course in Spalding University's School of Professional Psychology. Specifically, the program evaluation examined how the client-specific factors of motivation to change were related to attendance and participation in services. Motivation to change was assessed by surveying program participants utilizing the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment (URICA). Students hypothesized stage of change would be significantly correlated with attendance rates. Results...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Experiential learning through Program Evaluation: Assessing external barriers to Bridgehaven attendance.
Authors: Kumar M, Truss A, Bauman J, Cooper AG Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted as an experiential project in a graduate Program Evaluation class. We worked together as a team to solve difficulties that occurred when evaluating a program for the first time, including overcoming initial fears and identifying the appropriate focus. The goal of this study was to identify the most common barriers to attendance at Bridgehaven Mental Health Services, a community-based outpatient program tailored to aid in the transition from hospitals to community living. External barriers to attendance were examined by ...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Learning Program Evaluation by doing Program Evaluations: A mutualistic contribution to community agencies.
Authors: Cooper AG, Linfield KJ PMID: 31311482 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community)
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Monitoring outcomes from intake to termination: A suggested new symptom and progress monitoring program for Bridgehaven Mental Health Services.
This article describes the experience of its authors in completing a program evaluation for a local agency in Louisville, KY as a class project. The project resulted in a proposed procedure to monitor therapeutic outcomes of the agency's clients (the agency refers to them as "members"). The authors discuss the class process, how they decided on a topic for the project, the use of monitoring outcomes in community mental health settings, why monitoring outcomes is so important, and the new proposed outcome assessment procedure, limitations, and future directions. Free measures were selected to meet the perceived ne...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

U.S. Hispanic Catholics in the pews.
This article provides a twenty-first century portrait of the Catholic Church through the lens of Hispanic parishioners. It documents the broad embrace of multiculturalism among Hispanic Catholics and the growing numbers of Hispanics preparing for new roles in parish ministry and leadership. PMID: 31307337 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community)
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Power dynamics in Catholic parishes shared by Latinos.
Authors: Hoover BC Abstract The National Study of Catholic Parishes with Hispanic Ministry confirmed that most Latino Catholics share their parish with another cultural group, usually Euro-American whites. The presence of multiple ethnic or racial groups in a single parish inevitably draws attention to the power relationships between those groups. Data reveal an emerging majority of Latino Catholics in the United States, yet demographic status does not necessarily translate to increased influence in parishes. Latino Catholics are often "silent majorities" (or pluralities). Understanding racial and ethnic ...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

The integration of Hispanic parishioners in US Catholic parishes with Hispanic ministry: Results from a national survey.
This article builds upon data from the National Study of Catholic Parishes with Hispanic Ministry to examine two questions: (1) what are the profiles of Catholic parishes with Hispanic Ministry? (2) How are various dimensions of parish life associated with the integration of Hispanic communities in Catholic congregations? We identify profiles of parishes with the Hispanic ministry and use ANOVA analyses to compare differences across these profiles. We then develop multilevel regression models of parishes nested within dioceses to predict integration of Hispanic communities into Catholic parish life. We observe great variat...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 18, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Sociodemographic correlates of cancer fatalism and the moderating role of religiosity: Results from a nationally-representative survey.
In this study, we examined associations between racial/ethnic group membership, SES, and cancer fatalism as the outcome. In addition, we tested whether religiosity (as measured by religious service attendance) moderated these relationships. PMID: 31293220 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community)
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Women's associations and the well-being of their members: From mutual support to full citizenship.
This study investigated the goals and achievements of women members of organizations active within the city and province of Naples in recent years to detect how they acted in their local context to promote community health and wellbeing. Therefore, 39 representatives from feminist-oriented associations were interviewed to depict the effectiveness of women's activities and their social impact. The textual materials, obtained by their transcripts, were categorized according to the ecological well-being model. The interviews revealed that whilst the active involvement of women in associations served to empower their wellbeing...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

How to increase community-wide resilience and decrease inequalities due to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs): Strategies from Walla Walla, Washington.
Authors: Longhi D, Brown M, Barila T, Reed SF, Porter L Abstract Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) negatively impact community-level social problems, education, work, mental, and physical health beyond the effects of economic and political inequality. This paper summarizes the evidence that community-wide resilience moderates such impacts and examines how resilience can be increased by strategic interventions focused on community capacity building; Trauma-Informed Practices (TIPs) by staff in community organizations; and cultural change. Findings from three formative research evaluations in Walla Walla, Washingt...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

The Prospera conditional cash transfer program and its impact on education, labor, and migration in an indigenous Mayan community in Chiapas, Mexico.
This article examines the educational component of Prospera in La Gloria, in the state of Chiapas, Mexico. I utilize gender and culture of migration theories to explore the role gender plays in the educational, employment and migration outcomes of 31 high school students, and a smaller sample that pursued post-secondary education, six years after participating in the Prospera program. My findings raise questions about the ability of Prospera to ameliorate social inequalities, foster gender equity, and economic mobility among indigenous recipient households. PMID: 31282309 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Jo...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Awareness of gender medicine among family doctors. A field investigation.
Authors: Gattino S, De Piccoli N, Grosso MS, Simonetta M, Tanturri G, Rollero C Abstract Ample evidence has shown that gender is one of the key determinants of health and illness and that a better understanding of gender-specific determinants can contribute to greater equity and equality in health services, with better health for both women and men. Nonetheless, the androcentric bias prevalent in healthcare makes it difficult to address the needs of either women or men adequately. Strengthening research into gender medicine issues is, therefore, desirable. With the present study, we investigated awareness of gender...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Working toward culturally responsive sexuality education: Recommendations for becoming a culturally responsive teacher.
Authors: Szlachta A, Champion J Abstract It is human nature to perceive things differently and subsequently to define those differences as either good or bad. How does this dichotomous way of thinking affect an educators approach to culturally responsive teaching, specifically when teaching sexuality education? Drawing from interviews of 10 sexuality educators who received above average intercultural competence scores, this study explored educators' perspectives on culturally responsive sexuality education, and describes the approaches interculturally competent sexuality educators used to navigate perceived differe...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Census characteristics of Illinois sober living homes: A geographic information systems study.
This study geocoded data from 52 Oxford House recovery homes throughout Illinois. Data indicated that Oxford Houses in Illinois were often located in areas with the highest unemployment activity in the state. Placing homes in communities with higher job opportunities and employment rates could increase employment for individual residents and, subsequently, reduce inequality by increasing their odds of long term abstinence. PMID: 31250708 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community)
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

The neighborhood story project: a practice model for fostering place attachments, social ties, and collective action.
Authors: Thurber A Abstract The injustice of gentrification is often reduced to residential displacement and the loss of affordable housing. Yet, in addition to physical displacement of residents, gentrification also displaces community histories, social ties, and spaces of cultural gathering and civic action. The Neighborhood Story Project is a participatory action research intervention designed to engage residents of gentrifying neighborhoods in addressing more than the material effects of gentrification. This multi-case study of three Neighborhood Story Projects finds that participants experienced gains in (1) p...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Immigration, coping, and well-being: Implications for communities' roles in promoting the well-being of immigrants and refugees.
Discussion focuses on the roles of coping and social support, as well as the study's implications for the roles of communities in promoting the well-being of immigrants and refugees. PMID: 31250737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community)
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - July 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Communal peace in Bangladesh after Rohingya crisis: An assessment of different approaches to community development.
Authors: Islam MS Abstract The recent persecution of Rohingyas, a Muslim ethnic minority group of Western Rakhine state, by state military has forced more than half a million people to take refuge in Bangladesh. It has sparked tension between Muslims and Buddhists in Bangladesh as different research and mass media reports illustrated the role of Buddhist nationalist groups in the massacre of Rohingyas. Thus, Bangladesh is vulnerable to communal violence not only based on religion but also based on ethnic, class, race, and national identity. This paper reviews existing community development theories to assess potent...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 29, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

From helper to partner: Processes of contact in voluntarism with refugees in Chinese youths.
Authors: Poon CYS Abstract Contact facilitates a reduction in prejudice and negative stereotypes between the social groups. The effect of such contact is optimized when there is equal status between groups, which in volunteerism is manifested through as mutually equitable partnership. This qualitative study examines the processes of contact through an intervention youth group that connects Chinese and refugee/asylum seeker youths in Hong Kong. Interviews were conducted with 5 participants (60% females; mean age = 24) in 2016. Results indicated the youth group facilitated contact within its members, wh...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Hacking women's health: A new methodology.
Authors: Camussi E, Sassi C, Zulato E, Annovazzi C, Ginevra MC Abstract The paper describes an innovative methodological approach to Public Engagement already tested by the Authors in the healthcare context. We propose to apply our methodology to social innovation projects, focusing on gender perspective when promoting enhancements in health-community. Methodology mixes Psychosocial Participatory Research, Service-Design and "Human-Centered" approach, promoting an interdisciplinary, technological, and sustainable process. The final aim is to find viable solutions to real problems through the engagement of...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

The effects of community service work on reducing ethnic conflict, ethnic hate crimes, and ethnocentric ideology.
Authors: Seitz J, Ahmed M Abstract Recent empirical research has identified the psychological and physical benefits of community service work programs that provide opportunities for positive contact and intergroup cooperation. The goal of this study is to summarize the existing literature that examines the role of community service work activities and programs as an effective intervention method to reduce ethnic conflict, ethnic hate crimes, and ethnocentric ideology. Additionally, community service activities that exist within specific types of outdoor natural (i.e., "green space") environments present a...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Community intervention in the societal inequity of women's political participation: The development of efficacy and citizen participation in rural Nicaragua.
Authors: Grabe S, Dutt A Abstract Globally, limited opportunities for women's political participation and decision-making reflect a widespread societal problem perpetuated through gender inequities that operate at numerous levels of society. Challenging and ending systemic gender-based power imbalances is critical to understanding the potential for women's political participation. The current study uses a liberation psychology approach to examine how a community intervention interrupts traditional gender ideology, enhances women's agency and political efficacy, and increases civic engagement and community leadershi...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

From leave it to beaver to modern family: The influence of family structure on adoption attitudes.
Authors: Curme P, Schwieters K, Kleyman KS Abstract How do social and religious views influence attitudes of the capability and appropriateness of a prospective adoptive parent? The present experiment presents an investigation into the sources of attitudes and biases towards gay and lesbian couples and single parents in an adoption scenario. The author discusses existing theories of discrimination against LGBT populations and outgroups in general, including Social Dominance Orientation and Religious Fundamentalism, all highly predictive of LGBT bias. Current forms of adoption discrimination against nontraditional a...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Examining the functions of women's violence: Accommodation, resistance, and enforcement of gender inequality.
Authors: Sichel CE, Javdani S, Gordon N, Huynh PPT Abstract The present study contributes to the literature on the consequences of social inequality through a qualitative examination of the social functions and meanings of violence in the lives of 20 marginalized women. All of the women in the sample were at some point court involved and were victims, as well as perpetrators, of violence. Findings indicate a need to expand the extant theory to address enforcement (i.e., strengthening) of status level, social inequities (e.g., gendered power disparities), adding to the accommodation/resistance paradigm. Consistent w...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

The influence of Western body ideals on Kenyan, Kenyan American, and African Americans' body image.
Authors: Thomas FN, Kleyman KS Abstract Studies have shown that there exists a relationship between exposure to idealized media images and increased self-ratings of body dissatisfaction - defined as a person's negative feelings and ratings of their own body weight and shape (e.g. Galioto & Crowther, 2013 ; Grabe, Ward, & Hyde, 2008 ). Using two experimental studies, we examined the impact of exposure to Western media-ideal images on Kenyan, Kenyan Americans, and African Americans' self-perception and body satisfaction. Across the two studies, it was hypothesized that individuals who were exposed to the thin...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Going "green" from gray: Providing opportunities of community development and sustainability within a correctional facilities program.
Going "green" from gray: Providing opportunities of community development and sustainability within a correctional facilities program. J Prev Interv Community. 2019 Jun 19;:1-9 Authors: Hoffman AJ Abstract This quasi-experimental study examined the community and psychosocial benefits in the development of a "green space" environmental project (apple fruit tree orchard) among community residents and inmates in a minimum security prison in St. Paul, MN. Seventeen (n = 17) participants volunteered in the development of an apple tree orchard located on the grounds of a pri...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Developing undergraduate community psychology pedagogy and research practice.
In this study two community psychology students describe their experiences in participating in different types of "green" volunteer sustainable programs. In the first scenario, Anthonie Collins describes his experiences in working with young men in a youth detention facility and how the participants discovered the intrinsic value of maintaining a vegetable community garden. In the second scenario, Jordan Seitz describes her experiences in organizing a community apple harvest at a local fruit tree orchard in Wyoming, MN. At the conclusion of their community service projects, participants were interviewed regarding...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Building on the inherent strengths of green space environments: Promoting trust, democracy, and resilience among ethnically diverse groups.
Authors: Hoffman A Abstract This quasi-experimental study examines the psychosocial and ecological impact of community service activities that utilize green space environments (i.e., community gardens, labyrinths, and urban forestry programs) on individual perceptions of the value and relevance of community service learning programs and the democratic processes that are typically associated with the development and maintenance of green space environments. Sixteen (16) volunteers participated in the current study and subjectively reported their experiences (i.e., perceptions in appreciating living things, experienci...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

A gender perspective about young people's seeking help.
This article is focused on young people's perceptions about psychological help seeking for mental health issues. Males and females perspectives are investigated in order to detect if there are gender differences in seeking help when psychological problems are arising. Stigma seems to interfere with the decisional process of seeking professional help because of the feelings of shame, sense of inadequacy, and personal failure. These feelings are particularly perceived by young people, who may avoid professional help in order to preserve a positive self-image, with significant gender differences. Proposed studies, involving U...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

A seat at the table: Exploring the experiences of underrepresented minority women in STEM graduate programs.
Authors: Guy B, Boards A Abstract Underrepresented minority (URM) women completing STEM degrees are lacking representation in both undergraduate and graduate programs as well as in STEM professions. The exclusion of this group from an entire professional field leads to a loss of unique and valuable perspectives that could greatly contribute to research and practice. Higher education should have an obligation to better understand both barriers and successes in an attempt to meet the needs of these students pursuing STEM careers. To tackle this phenomenon, this study utilized a group participatory methodology that le...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

How does sexual orientation influence intergenerational family solidarity? An exploratory study.
Authors: Leal D, Gato J, Coimbra S Abstract In the present cross-sectional study, we used a self-report online survey to assess the perceptions of intergenerational solidarity among sexual minority (lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals) (n = 239) and heterosexual (n = 291) childless adults from Portugal. Gender differences were also explored among sexual minority individuals, regarding their perceptions of received solidarity both from their mothers and fathers. Although sexual orientation had a minor impact on most of the assessed dimensions, compared to heterosexuals, sexual minority parti...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Sense of school community among high school students with a disability.
This study utilized data from The National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS-2), a 10-year longitudinal dataset that includes high school students with various disabilities. The study proposed a theoretical framework for sense of school community through maximized school assets and minimized school challenges. The study sample included a total of 1,180 high school students, 11th (n = 443) and 12th (n = 737) graders who completed surveys. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that a combination of school assets and school challenges of high school experience predicted sense of school c...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Psychological well-being and healthy communities: Women as makers of relational well-being by social street strategies.
Authors: Rania N, Migliorini L, Zunino A, Lena C Abstract This paper presents a Social Street experience born of the perception of a lack of solidarity among neighbors and the desire to create a new neighborhood model. The goal was to explore the Social Street phenomenon through the relationship between individuals and their community. Furthermore, the goals include promoting the awareness of the critical issues of the territory to activate empowerment and change, analyzing the effectiveness of Social Street through the study of social networks, and investigating differences in social participation and in social co...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Community service activities reducing hate crimes and extremism: A "green intervention" approach.
Community service activities reducing hate crimes and extremism: A "green intervention" approach. J Prev Interv Community. 2019 Jun 13;:1-3 Authors: Hoffman AJ Abstract This brief review examines the topics of evolutionary psychology, community development, and human preferences towards "green space" environments as an effective intervention model to reduce ethnic conflict and violence. The term "Biophilia" is introduced to describe the innate human preference to specific types of outdoor or natural (i.e., "green space") environments and how humans as a species h...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 15, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Gender matters and the challenge for improving community health and well-being.
Authors: Migliorini L, Rania N, De Piccoli N Abstract The present paper introduces a special issue focused on community gender perspective and health in an Italian context. After a brief analysis of the disparity and inequity that persist in Europe and Italy, we present six papers from different Italian regions that demonstrate different elements of the complex gender matters and challenges of well-being and health in the community. Considering the differences in social vulnerability and risk between men and women, the unequal power relationships between the sexes could improve the efficacy of intervention and prev...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Challenging gender perspective in the community to promote well-being and health.
Authors: Migliorini L, De Piccoli N Abstract The community is an excellent potential arena in which to challenge gender perspective and change power structures in society because of its pivotal role in socializing gender and shaping social context. The community influences the availability of positive and negative role models, the accessibility of specific settings, the ease with which relationships are formed, and a variety of emotions and attitudes. The literature shows that paying attention to gender equity affects numerous indicators of community well-being. Attention to gender equity makes communities more com...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Environmental stress and socioeconomic status: Does parent and adolescent stress influence executive functioning in urban youth?
This study examined whether parental and adolescent stress act as mediators between socio-economic status (SES) and adolescent executive functioning (EF) in urban youth. Two hundred and sixty-seven 6th-11th grade students (ages 11-16, 55.4% female; 49.1% Black/African American) attending racially and socioeconomically diverse schools in Chicago, Illinois, completed self-report measures on urban stress and EF. Parents of adolescents completed measures on parental chronic stress and demographic information on the family's socioeconomic status. Results indicated that parent stress was directly related to adolescent stress, wh...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research

Examining Christian views toward the Affordable Care Act: The importance of race and denomination.
Authors: McGregor AJ, Blendon RJ, Zaslavsky AM Abstract While the majority of U.S. Christians opposed the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010, opinion was deeply divided by race/ethnicity and denominational group. Using national data from the Cooperative Congressional Election Study, we analyzed variation in ACA support across Christian denominational groups and offered explanations for these differences. We found overwhelming support among African Americans, less unified but majority support from Hispanics, and majority opposition from non-Hispanic White Christians. Among White Catholics and Protestants, ACA support...
Source: Journal of Prevention and Intervention in the Community - June 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Interv Community Source Type: research