The Effect of Pregnancy in the Hemoglobin Concentration of Pregnant Women: A Longitudinal Study.
Conclusion: Pregnancy significantly decreases the hemoglobin concentration of pregnant women reaching the lowest point during labor and delivery. Recommendation. Regular anemia screening intervention should be implemented after delivery. PMID: 32566297 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Optimal Profile Limits for Maternal Mortality Rates (MMR) Influenced by Haemorrhage and Unsafe Abortion in South Sudan.
Authors: Makuei G, Abdollahian M, Marion K Abstract Maternal mortality rate (MMR) is one of the main worldwide public health challenges. Presently, the high levels of MMR are a common problem in the world public health and especially, in developing countries. Half of these maternal deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa where little or nothing progress has been made. South Sudan is one of the developing countries which has the highest MMR. Thus, this paper deploys statistical analysis to identify the significant physiological causes of MMR in South Sudan. Prediction models based on Poisson Regression are then developed...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Women's Choice to Deliver at Home: Understanding the Psychosocial and Cultural Factors Influencing Birthing Choices for Unskilled Home Delivery among Women in Southwestern Uganda.
Conclusion: Women's psychosocial and cultural understandings of pregnancy and child birth, their established traditions, birth expectations, and perceptions of control, need, and quality of maternity care at a particular birthing location influenced their past and future decisions to pursue home delivery. Interventions to address barriers to healthcare utilization through a multipronged approach could help to debunk misconceptions, increase perceived need, and motivate women to seek facility delivery. PMID: 32566299 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Striae Gravidarum, Acne, Facial Spots, and Hair Disorders: Risk Factors in a Study with 1284 Puerperal Patients.
Authors: Hoefel IDR, Weber MB, Manzoni APD, Lovato BH, Bonamigo RR Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence of skin changes during pregnancy and to relate their occurrence to specific factors in a population of south Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out with 1284 puerperal patients. A questionnaire about skin changes during pregnancy was developed and applied by the authors to all puerperal women admitted in a tertiary hospital in south Brazil. Results: The appearance of striae during pregnancy was reported by 633 women (49.5%) and had a statistically significant associ...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 10, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

The Influence of Antenatal Oral Iron and Folic Acid Side Effects on Supplementation Duration in Low-Resource Rural Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusions: The commonness of undesirable experiences attributed to daily ingestion of 60 mg iron and 0.4 mg folic acid and their deterrence to longer supplementation durations suggest the need for considering a weekly intermittent regimen for some antenatal women in such set-ups. Our study demonstrated that potentially, more counselling on nausea as a side effect might be critical in advancing iron-folate supplementation compliance. PMID: 32455019 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Risk of Severe Adverse Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Deliveries with Repeated and Primary Cesarean Deliveries versus Vaginal Deliveries: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: Primary and repeated CD significantly increased the risk of SMO compared with VD. Risks of NNM and SNO were also significantly increased in women with primary CD. The risks of NNM and SNO for repeated CD trended toward a significant increase. PMID: 32426168 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Partograph Utilization and Associated Factors among Obstetric Care Providers at Public Health Facilities in Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia.
Conclusion: Overall partograph utilization was low, and incomplete recording of required parameters on partograph was observed in this study. Participants who received on-the-job training on partograph, who are working in a hospital, who are knowledgeable about partograph, and who have favorable attitude toward partograph use were factors affecting partograph use positively. PMID: 32411465 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Women's Perspectives on Male Involvement in Antenatal Care, Labour, and Childbirth.
Conclusion: Male involvement in antenatal care, labour, and childbirth received overwhelming support from the women in this study. PMID: 32411466 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Early Pregnancy Screening for Women at High-Risk of GDM Results in Reduced Neonatal Morbidity and Similar Maternal Outcomes to Routine Screening.
Authors: Clarke E, Cade TJ, Brennecke S Abstract The Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society recommends screening high-risk women for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) before 24 weeks gestation, under the assumption that an earlier diagnosis and opportunity to achieve normoglycemia will minimize adverse outcomes. However, little evidence exists for this recommendation. The study objective was to compare the pregnancy outcomes of high-risk women diagnosed with GDM before 24 weeks gestation and routinely diagnosed women after 24 weeks gestation. A retrospective audit was conducted of all pregnancies diagnosed wi...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Maternal Serum Concentrations of Selenium, Copper, and Zinc during Pregnancy Are Associated with Risk of Spontaneous Preterm Birth: A Case-Control Study from Malawi.
Authors: Chiudzu G, Choko AT, Maluwa A, Huber S, Odland J Abstract Preterm birth is delivery before 37 completed weeks. A study was conducted to evaluate the association of maternal serum concentrations of selenium, copper, and zinc and preterm birth. There were 181 women in this nested case-control study, 90/181 (49.7%) term and 91/181 (50.3%) preterm pregnant women. The overall mean serum concentration of selenium was 77.0, SD 19.4 μg/L; of copper was 2.50, SD 0.52 mg/L; and of zinc was 0.77, SD 0.20 mg/L with reference values of 47-142 μg/L, 0.76-1.59 mg/L, and 0.59-1.11&...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Quality of Prenatal Care and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women at Public Health Facilities of Wogera District, Northwest Ethiopia.
Authors: Kassaw A, Debie A, Geberu DM Abstract Background: Prenatal care refers to services a pregnant woman receives during pregnancy to ensure a healthy outcome for herself and her newborn. However, only limited studies have so far been done to assess the quality of prenatal care in the study area. Thus, this study is aimed at assessing the quality of prenatal care and associated factors at public health facilities in Wogera district, northwest Ethiopia. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Wogera district from March to April 2019. A total of 465 pregnant women were interviewed...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Lifetime Prevalence of Abortion and Risk Factors in Women: Evidence from a Cohort Study.
Authors: Moradinazar M, Najafi F, Nazar ZM, Hamzeh B, Pasdar Y, Shakiba E Abstract Background: 10-20% of pregnancies end due to spontaneous abortions. In recent years, nondocumentary evidence has been indicative of an increase in the prevalence of nonspontaneous abortions in Iran, especially in the Kurdish regions. The aim of this study is to assess the lifetime prevalence of spontaneous abortions and factors affecting spontaneous abortion in women 35-65 years old. Method: Data from the recruitment phase of Ravansar Non-Communicable Disease (RaNCD) cohort study was used. All of the 4831 married women 35-65 year...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Neonatal and Maternal Complications of Placenta Praevia and Its Risk Factors in Tikur Anbessa Specialized and Gandhi Memorial Hospitals: Unmatched Case-Control Study.
Conclusion: Advanced maternal age, multiparity, and previous histories of caesarean section were significantly associated risk factors of placenta praevia. Adverse maternal outcomes associated with placenta praevia were postpartum anemia and the need for blood transfusion. Neonates born from placenta praevia women were also at risk of being born preterm, intrauterine growth restriction, and respiratory distress syndrome. PMID: 32395343 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Apgar Score among Newborns Delivered by Cesarean Sections at Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa.
Conclusion: Newborn babies have a low Apgar score at one minute as compared to five minutes. But low Apgar score at five minutes has long-term sequel. Therefore, it is very important to reduce factors associated with low Apgar score at both minutes. PMID: 32395344 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Maternal Satisfaction with Intrapartum Nursing Care and Its Associated Factors among Mothers Who Gave Birth in Public Hospitals of North Wollo Zone, Northeast Ethiopia: Institution-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: In this study, the overall maternal satisfaction with intrapartum nursing care was low. Therefore, improving ANC follow-up, early examined by health-care providers, and getting adequate meal while in labour and delivery might enhance women satisfaction with intrapartum nursing care services. PMID: 32395345 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Determinants of Low Birth Weight among Newborns Delivered at Public Hospitals in Sidama Zone, South Ethiopia: Unmatched Case-Control Study.
Authors: Bekela MB, Shimbre MS, Gebabo TF, Geta MB, Tonga AT, Zeleke EA, Sidemo NB, Getnet AB Abstract Low birth weight is a global public health problem having various severe and life-threatening health effects. The World Health Organization is working to reduce the prevalence of low birth weight to 30% by the year 2025. Pinpointing the determinants of low birth weight at different scenarios is crucial to reduce the rate of low birth weight in low-income countries which consist of 96.5% of global low birth weight newborns. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess determinants of low birth weight in Sidama Zone pu...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 2, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Physical Effects of Maternal Deaths on Midwives' Health: A Qualitative Approach.
Authors: Dartey AF, Phuma-Ngaiyaye E Abstract Grief does not only affect human emotions but also impacts their physical health. Understanding physical grief of people can bring to bear the grip of its daunting nature, a situation where routines become challenging. A qualitative explorative descriptive research method was used. A purposive sample of 18 ward supervisors and 39 ward midwives was used to ascertain the physical effects of maternal deaths on these caregivers in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Data were collected through semistructured and focus group discussions. Data analysis was done parallel with data co...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Unintended Pregnancy and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care at Bako Tibe District Public Health Facility, Oromia Region, Ethiopia.
Authors: Bekele H, Dheressa M, Mengistie B, Sintayehu Y, Fekadu G Abstract Background: A pregnancy is described unintended if it is either unwanted or mistimed. The former occurs when no child or no more children are desired, and the latter is when the conception occurs earlier than the desired time, but wanted later. Unwanted pregnancy causes a serious health, economic, and social problem to the woman and her family. In the study area, there is limited data on unintended pregnancy. Therefore, this study fills this gap by studying the magnitude of unintended pregnancy and its associated factors among pregnant women...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Factors That Determine the Likelihood of Giving Birth to the First Child within 10 Months after Marriage.
Conclusions: For conception within 1 month of marriage, wives and husbands should/are encouraged to have frequent sex, any negative social behaviour or policies must be discouraged, experts' advice on contraceptive use must be sought, and women are encouraged to desist from termination of pregnancy at any time of their life. Husbands should openly express their desire and love for their children since this increases the likelihood of wives' desire to give birth. This leads to frequent sex, which then reduces conception time, and hence childbirth within the shortest possible time. PMID: 32257442 [PubMed - in process] (S...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Associated Factors of Postpartum Modern Contraceptive Use in Burie District, Amhara Region, Ethiopia.
Authors: Ashebir W, Tadesse T Abstract Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was employed among 686 mothers in Burie District from March 16 to March 25, 2017. A multistage sampling technique was used to select the study participants. Data were collected using face to face interviewer administered structured questionnaires. Then, the collected data was entered, coded, and cleaned into EPI Data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 20.0 for data analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was done to assess the association of factors with postpartum modern contraceptive use. Adjusted odds r...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Early Pregnancy Serum Metabolite Profiles Associated with Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy in African American Women: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Ferranti EP, Frediani JK, Mitchell R, Fernandes J, Li S, Jones DP, Corwin E, Dunlop AL Abstract Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are the most common cardiometabolic complications of pregnancy, affecting nearly 10% of US pregnancies and contributing substantially to maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. In the US, women of African American race are at increased risk for HDP. Early biomarkers that reliably identify women at risk for HDP remain elusive, yet are essential for the early identification and targeting of interventions to improve maternal and infant outcomes. We employed high-resolu...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - March 10, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Magnitude and Associated Factors of Unintended Pregnancy among Pregnant Women at Saesie Tsaeda Emba Woreda Eastern Zone of Tigray, North Ethiopia, 2018.
Authors: Gebremariam Weldearegawi G, Tekola KB, Fseha Teklehaymanot B Abstract Background: Each year there were about 80 million women who experienced unintended pregnancy in the globe. In Ethiopia, around one third of women have experiences of unintended pregnancy. However, the magnitude of unintended pregnancy was not determined in the study area. Hence the aim of the study was to assess the magnitude and associated factors of unintended pregnancy among pregnant women. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study design was employed among 345 participants. Participants were selected by systematic random...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - February 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Solving the Obstetrical Paradox: The FETAL Technique-A Step toward Noninvasive Evaluation of Fetal pH.
Authors: Balayla J, Shrem G Abstract Every year, about 85 percent of the approximately 5 million births in North America are evaluated with the electronic fetal monitoring (EFM). Clinicians use the EFM as a proxy to assess fetal oxygenation status, fetal well-being, and potential compromise. Despite the widespread use of this technology, neonatal hypoxia and acidosis continue to make up a high proportion of neonatal morbidity at term. Indeed, though the fetal heart rhythm is inextricably linked to fetal acid-base status, EFM has not been shown to reliably predict neonatal pH status nor has it reduced adverse matern...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - February 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Exploring the Determinants of Antenatal Care Services Uptake: A Qualitative Study among Women in a Rural Community in Northern Ghana.
Conclusion: There is the need for establishment of registration centres of the national health insurance in all communities to make the scheme more accessible. There should also be intensive public education on importance of attending ANC. PMID: 31929907 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - January 15, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Determinants of Change in Fertility among Women in Rural Areas of Uganda.
In this study, we focus on determinants of change in fertility among rural women in Uganda using a multivariate Poisson decomposition technique to quantify the contribution of changes in the socioeconomic and demographic composition of women which we also refer to as the characteristic effects and changes in their fertility behavior (the coefficients' effects or risk of childbearing) to the overall reduction in fertility among women in rural areas during the 2006-2016 period. The "characteristics effects" are used to mean the effect of changing composition of women by the socioeconomic and demographic characteris...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - January 15, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Prediction of Preterm Birth by Maternal Characteristics and Medical History in the Brazilian Population.
Authors: Damaso EL, Rolnik DL, Cavalli RC, Quintana SM, Duarte G, da Silva Costa F, Marcolin A Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the performance of a previously published algorithm for first-trimester prediction of spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) in a cohort of Brazilian women. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of women undergoing routine antenatal care. Maternal characteristics and medical history were obtained. The data were inserted in the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) online calculator to estimate the individual risk of PTB. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressi...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - October 31, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Patient Attitudes toward Gestational Weight Gain and Exercise during Pregnancy.
Authors: Lott ML, Power ML, Reed EG, Schulkin J, Mackeen AD Abstract Body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) are important factors for neonatal and maternal health. Exercise helps women moderate their BMI and GWG, and provides health benefits to mother and child. This survey study assessed patients' perceptions of counseling they received during pregnancy, their sources of information about GWG, and their attitudes toward exercise during pregnancy. We distributed an anonymous survey to 200 pregnant women over the age of 18 at a tertiary care center in Danville, Pennsylvania. Survey questions include...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - October 24, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

The Effect of Maternity Support Garments on Alleviation of Pains and Discomforts during Pregnancy: A Systematic Review.
This study aims to review the available literature on the effects of using MSGs as sole intervention for comfort improvement of women during pregnancy, as well as to discuss the attributes of the garments which may influence their performance. A systematic review was undertaken, which adheres to PRISMA guideline for systematic reviews. Multiple databases, such as ScienceDirect, CINAHL, EBSCO, Elsevier, SCOPUS, Wiley Online Library, ProQuest, ProQuest Health and Medical Complete, PubMed, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, were electronically searched. Six studies met the inclusion criteria and covered three...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - September 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Evidence-Based Prevention of Preeclampsia: Commonly Asked Questions in Clinical Practice.
Authors: Wertaschnigg D, Reddy M, Mol BWJ, da Silva Costa F, Rolnik DL Abstract In this review, we discuss the recent literature regarding the prevention of preeclampsia and aim to answer common questions that arise in the routine antenatal care of pregnant women. Prescription of low-dose aspirin for high-risk patients has been shown to reduce the risk of preeclampsia (PE). A daily dose between 100 and 150 mg taken in the evening should be initiated prior to 16 weeks of gestation and can be continued until delivery. Calcium supplementation seems to be advantageous but currently it is only considered for patients wi...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - September 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Inadequate Prenatal Visit and Home Delivery as Determinants of Perinatal Outcomes: Does Parity Matter?"
Corrigendum to "Inadequate Prenatal Visit and Home Delivery as Determinants of Perinatal Outcomes: Does Parity Matter?" J Pregnancy. 2019;2019:9161294 Authors: Bililign Yimer N, Tenaw Z, Solomon K, Mulatu T, Gedefaw A Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2019/9024258.]. PMID: 31467717 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - September 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Evaluation of Knowledge and Practice of Pharmacy Professionals regarding the Risk of Medication Use during Pregnancy in Dessie Town, Northeast Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion and Recommendation: Overall, PPs exhibited very low knowledge about drug safety during pregnancy. The absence of obligatory continuing pharmacy education for pharmacists is expected to have negatively affected the level of medication knowledge and consequently the pharmaceutical care services delivered in community and hospital pharmacies. As medication knowledge of PPs is poor, a multitude of strategies (educational, economic, managerial, and regulatory) should be designed by the government, universities, and pharmaceutical associations to improve the pharmacy professionals' role in the healthcare system by pro...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - August 22, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Prevalence of Syphilis among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Clinic, Sede Muja District, South Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia.
Conclusion: Syphilis remains a major problem in the study area. Seroprevalence of syphilis was significantly associated with women who have multiple sexual partners and late first ANC visit attendees in the study area. Therefore it is recommended to give health education about syphilis etiology and transmission as well as creating awareness about the importance of early ANC visit and follow-up regarding syphilis prevention. PMID: 31380117 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - August 6, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Reasons for Women's Choice of Elective Caesarian Section in Duayaw Nkwanta Hospital.
Conclusion: It is imperative that there is heightened interest in educating mothers on associated benefit and risk of elective caesarean sections as a method of birthing by nurses and midwives in the antenatal clinics. PMID: 31360548 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - August 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Determinants and Outcome of Safe Second Trimester Medical Abortion at Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia.
The objective of this study was to identify factors affecting and outcome of induced safe second trimester medical abortion in Jimma University medical center, Southwest Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based cross-sectional study design was used to conduct a study among women who seek safe second trimester medical abortion services and admitted at gynecology ward. All (201) eligible study subjects included were those who came for safe medical abortion service during data collection period. Data collected using pretested structured questionnaire through exit-interviewing and some clinical data abstracted from their chart...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - August 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Antihepatitis B Surface Antigen and Hepatitis C Antibodies among Pregnant Women in an Urban Area of Mwanza City, Tanzania.
Conclusion: A significant proportion of pregnant women have anti-HBs while the seroprevalence of HCV is low among pregnant women in the city of Mwanza. Routine screening of HBV among pregnant women coupled with appropriate management should be emphasized in developing countries. Further studies to determine seroprevalence of HCV are recommended across the country. PMID: 31316835 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - July 20, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Leaner Women with Impaired Insulin Secretion Accounts for about 40% of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Japan.
Authors: Furukawa S, Kobayashi Y Abstract Aim: To identify the involvement of leanness and impaired insulin secretion with Japanese gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted comprising 219 at-risk pregnant women who underwent a 75g glucose tolerance test at a single institute in Tokyo, Japan. We identified GDM and normal glucose tolerance (NGT). The cut-off value of the homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) for detecting GDM was determined. The GDM group was divided into subgroups according to insulin resistance based on the cut-off value of HOMA-IR. ...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - July 6, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Determinants of Men's Involvement in Maternity Care in Dodoma Region, Central Tanzania.
Conclusions: Long waiting time to receive the service and limited access to information regarding men's involvement are associated with low men's involvement in maternity care. Male friendly maternity care should recognize men's preferences on timely access to services and provide them with relevant information on their roles in maternity care. Spousal communication is important; mothers must be empowered with relevant information to communicate to their male partners regarding fertility preferences and maternity care in general. PMID: 31275654 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - July 6, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Singleton Preterm Birth in Shire Suhul General Hospital, Northern Ethiopia, 2018.
Authors: Kelkay B, Omer A, Teferi Y, Moges Y Abstract Background: Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and significant health consequences to the newborn, families, and communities and tens of emotional and economic costs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the magnitude of singleton preterm birth and associated factors in Shire Suhul General Hospital, Northern Ethiopia. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted among systematically selected 325 postnatal mothers in Shire Suhul General Hospital, Northern Ethiopia, from January to March 2018. The data were c...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 19, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Effect of Pregnant Mothers' Forum Participation on Birth Preparedness and Complication Readiness among Pregnant Women in Dale District, Southern Ethiopia: A Comparative Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: In this study, birth preparedness and complication readiness is found to be low. However, it was significantly higher among forum members compared to forum nonmembers. Hence, efforts should be targeted to strengthen the pregnant mothers' forum and enroll the pregnant women to antenatal care service at early stage of the pregnancy. PMID: 31192014 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 15, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Does Current General Mental Health Status Relate to Current Smoking Status in Pregnant Women?
Conclusions: Overall, current mental health status was highly related to current smoking status in pregnant women. Clinicians in obstetrics may expect a very low proportion of pregnant women to report smoking and up to one-third to report low or moderate current general mental health status. Given that current mental health issues and current tobacco use may harm both mother and child, be highly related in pregnant women, and change throughout the pregnancy, pregnant women should be screened automatically for both at each visit. PMID: 31186961 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Inadequate Prenatal Visit and Home Delivery as Determinants of Perinatal Outcomes: Does Parity Matter?
Conclusion: This finding underscores the fact that frequency of antenatal care and place of delivery are significant predictors of perinatal outcomes. However, parity did not show statistically significant difference in perinatal outcomes. Women empowerment, promoting health facility delivery, and early, comprehensive antenatal care are needed. PMID: 31093374 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 17, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Changes in Gastric Smooth Muscle Cell Contraction during Pregnancy: Effect of Estrogen.
In conclusion, GSMC contractile behavior undergoes drastic changes in response to estrogen during pregnancy and this might explain some of the pregnancy-associated gastric disorders. PMID: 31080672 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 14, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Birth Preparedness among Women Who Gave Birth in the Last Twelve Months in Jardega Jarte District, Western Ethiopia.
This study aimed to assess birth preparedness and factors associated with it among women who gave birth in the last 12 months preceding the survey in Jardega Jarte district, Western Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February 2016. A total of 581 women who gave birth recently were randomly selected for an interview. Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 21. Binary logistic regression was performed to identify predictive factors. Statistical significance was declared at p
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 7, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Magnitude of Low Birth Weight and Associated Factors among Newborns Delivered in Dangla Primary Hospital, Amhara Regional State, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017.
Authors: Talie A, Taddele M, Alemayehu M Abstract Background: Low birth weight is defined as a live born infant weighs less than 2 500 g regardless of gestational age. Globally, the prevalence of low birth weight ranges from 3% to 15%. Birth weight plays an important role in infant mortality, morbidity, development, and future health. The prevalence of low birth weight in Ethiopia was estimated to be 14% which is one of the highest percentages in the world. So, the aim of this study is to assess magnitude and associated factors of low birth weight among newborns delivered at Dangla Primary Hospital, Amhara Region, ...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 4, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Gestational Weight Gain among Healthy Pregnant Women from Asia in Comparison with Institute of Medicine (IOM) Guidelines-2009: A Systematic Review.
Authors: Arora P, Tamber Aeri B Abstract In 1990, Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommended gestational weight gain (GWG) ranges for women in the United States primarily to improve infant birth weight. Changes in key aspects of reproductive health of women of child bearing age, a rising prevalence of obesity, and noncommunicable diseases prompted the revision of IOM guidelines in 2009. However, there is no such recommendation available for Asian women. This systematic review assesses the utility of IOM-2009 guidelines among Indian and other Asian pregnant women in terms of maternal and fetal outcomes. 624 citations w...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 4, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Maternal Cardiac Function after Normal Delivery, Preeclampsia, and Eclampsia: A Prospective Study.
Conclusions: The hemodynamics of the puerperas after PE and E is characterized by impaired contractility of the myocardium and an increase in the indices of peripheral resistance. The degree of deviation in the parameters of cardiac hemodynamics and vascular resistance depended on the severity of hypertensive complications of pregnancy. PMID: 30941219 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 4, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Maternal Hepatitis B Infection Burden, Comorbidity and Pregnancy Outcome in a Low-Income Population on the Myanmar-Thailand Border: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
Conclusions: The results highlight the disease burden of HBV in women on the Myanmar-Thailand border and support original reports of a lack of significant associations with HBsAg+ irrespective of HBeAg status, for comorbidity, and pregnancy outcomes in deliveries supervised by skilled birth attendants. PMID: 30931155 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 3, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

The Impact of Scientific and Technical Training on Improving Databases' Adequacy for Fetal Growth Chart Development in Limited-Resource Settings: A Case Study in the Province of South Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Authors: Anggraini D, Abdollahian M, Marion K, Nuryani S, Ramadhan F, Rahayu RP, Rachman IR, Wurianto W Abstract Objectives: To assess the impact of scientific and technical training on midwives' abilities in collecting and recording the key performance indicators for fetal growth chart development in limited-resource settings. Methods: A descriptive design was used to describe midwives' abilities in timely collecting and recording the minimum data required to estimate fetal weight and develop fetal growth chart. The study was conducted among 19 urban and rural midwives in South Kalimantan, Indonesia, between A...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - March 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Predictors of Unsafe Induced Abortion among Women in Ghana.
This study aimed to explore the predictors of unsafe induced abortion among women in Ghana. Methods: The study used data from the 2017 Ghana Maternal Health Survey. The association between women's sociodemographic, obstetric characteristics, and unsafe induced abortion was explored using logistic regression. The analysis involved a weighted sample of 1880 women aged 15-49 years who induced abortion in the period 2012-2017. Analysis was carried out using STATA/IC version 15.0. Statistical significance was set at p
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - March 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Glycosylation Profile of the Transferrin Receptor in Gestational Iron Deficiency and Early-Onset Severe Preeclampsia.
Conclusion: The increase in Gal-GlcNAc may be due to the increased presence of antennary structures and the mannose glycans of TfR1 may indicate the presence of misfolded or incomplete proteins. These findings may be associated with the low expression of placental TfR1 in women with preeclampsia. PMID: 30854239 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - March 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research