Determinants of Uterine Rupture and Its Management Outcomes among Mothers Who Gave Birth at Public Hospitals of Tigrai, North Ethiopia: An Unmatched Case Control Study.
Conclusion: Referrals from remote health institutions, once-visited antenatal care, obstructed labor, and birth weight of newborns greater than four kilograms were significant determinants of uterine rupture. Maternal death, stillbirth, hysterectomy, and hemorrhage were adverse outcomes. The findings of this study suggest early identification of factors that expose to uterine rupture during antenatal care, labor, and delivery must be attended to and further prospective studies are needed to explore predictors of untoward outcomes. Knowing the determinants of uterine rupture helps prevent the occurrence of a problem in preg...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - November 18, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis on the Prevalence of Low Birth Weight Infants in Iran.
This study was performed by meta-analysis from January 2000 to December 2019. The studies relevant to the topic have been obtained through search in databases of Scopus, ScienceDirect, SID, Magiran, Barakat Knowledge Network System, Medline (PubMed), and Google Scholar. Heterogeneity of the studies has been assessed by the I 2 index, and data analysis was done using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software. Results: By investigating 14 articles and 93924 infants, the total prevalence of low birth weight in infants in Iran was achieved at 8.5% (95% CI: 7.3-9.9%) according to the meta-analysis; the most prevalence of low bir...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - November 1, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcomes in SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Systematic Review.
Authors: Chamseddine RS, Wahbeh F, Chervenak F, Salomon LJ, Ahmed B, Rafii A Abstract With the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 and its rapid spread, concerns regarding its effects on pregnancy outcomes have been growing. We reviewed 245 pregnancies complicated by maternal SARS-CoV-2 infection across 48 studies listed on PubMed and MedRxiv. The most common clinical presentations were fever (55.9%), cough (36.3%), fatigue (11.4%), and dyspnea (12.7%). Only 4.1% of patients developed respiratory distress. Of all patients, 89.0% delivered via cesarean section (n = 201), with a 33.3% rate of gestational complications, a 35.3% r...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - October 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Prevalence of Obstetric Danger Signs during Pregnancy and Associated Factors among Mothers in Shashemene Rural District, South Ethiopia.
Authors: Terefe N, Nigussie A, Tadele A Abstract Introduction: Obstetric danger signs are those signs that a pregnant woman will see or those symptoms that she will feel which indicate that something is going wrong with her or with the pregnancy. Evidence on the prevalence of obstetric danger signs and contributing factors were crucial in designing programs in the global target of reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. Objective: To assess the prevalence of obstetric danger signs during pregnancy and associated factors among mothers in a Shashemene rural district, South Ethiopia. Methods: A community-ba...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - October 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Magnitude of Induced Abortion and Associated Factors among Female Students of Hawassa University, Southern Region, Ethiopia, 2019.
This study was aimed at assessing the magnitude of induced abortion and associated factors among students in Hawassa University, southern region, Ethiopia, 2019. Methods: An institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted among a total of 422 students selected on the bases of a probability simple random sampling method. A pretested structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Analysis was made with SPSS 20. Descriptive summary and inferential statistics (binary logistic regression) were used with a 95% CI and P value of less than 5% as a level of significance. Findings were presented in tables, figure, an...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - October 10, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Magnitude and Determinants of Perinatal Mortality in Southwest Ethiopia.
Authors: Debelew GT Abstract Despite several efforts globally, the problem of perinatal mortality remained an unsolved agenda. As a result, it continued to be an essential part of the third sustainable development goals to end preventable child deaths by 2030. With a rate of 33 per 1000 births, Ethiopia has the highest level of perinatal mortality in the world. Thus, determining the magnitude and identifying the determinants are very crucial for evidence-based interventions. A community-based longitudinal study was conducted in Southwest Ethiopia among 3474 pregnant women to estimate the magnitude of perinatal mort...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - October 10, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

The Effect of Antenatal Care Service Utilization on Postnatal Care Service Utilization: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Study.
Conclusions: This review results revealed a low utilization of postnatal care service. Antenatal care service utilization has a positive effect on postnatal care service utilization. Policymakers and programmers better considered more antenatal care service use as one strategy of enhancing the utilization of postnatal care service. PMID: 33029402 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - October 10, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Is Unfavourable Cervix prior to Labor Induction Risk for Adverse Obstetrical Outcome in Time of Universal Ripening Agents Usage? Single Center Retrospective Observational Study.
Authors: Jakub M, Marta M, Jagoda G, Kamila G, Stanislaw G Abstract Cervical assessment on the Bishop scale prior to induction of labor (IOL) is one of the strongest prognostic criteria in relation to the success of the procedure. The commonly used preinduction methods are mainly aimed at reducing the percentage of cesarean sections. Our study has analyzed obstetric results of patients who had unripe cervix (Bishop score
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - September 23, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Completion and Factors Associated with Maternity Continuum of Care among Mothers Who Gave Birth in the Last One Year in Enemay District, Northwest Ethiopia.
Authors: Shitie A, Assefa N, Dhressa M, Dilnessa T Abstract Background: Ethiopia still suffers high levels of neonatal and maternal mortality, so the maternity continuum of care is a continuous framework for the delivery of maternal care from pregnancy to the postnatal period. Skilled care during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period is an important intervention in reducing maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. But in Ethiopia, there are limited studies on the completion of the maternity continuum of care, so this study will help to suggest interventions in order to reduce the dropout of the mat...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - September 23, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Magnitude of Episiotomy and Associated Factors among Mothers Who Give Birth in Arba Minch General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia: Observation-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Fikadu K, Boti N, Tadesse B, Mesele D, Aschenaki E, Toka E, Arega F, Girma T, Paulos A Abstract Background: Episiotomy is the most common obstetric procedure, performed when the clinical circumstances place the patient at a high risk of high-degree laceration. However, episiotomy should be done with judicious indication to lower perineal laceration with fewer complications. Despite its adverse effects, the magnitude of episiotomy is increasing due to different factors. Therefore, this study is aimed at determining the recent magnitude of episiotomy and at identifying associated factors among women who gave...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - September 23, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Determinants of Exclusive Breastfeeding of Infants under Six Months among Cambodian Mothers.
Authors: Um S, Chan YZC, Tol B, Sopheab H Abstract Introduction: Practicing exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in an infant's first six months of life is recommended by the World Health Organization because of its proven effectiveness as a method to support the infant's short- and long-term physical and cognitive development. However, many countries, including Cambodia, face contextually driven challenges in meeting this optimum standard of breastfeeding. The recent declining EBF rate in Cambodia is a concerning indicator of the impact of these challenges. Methods: We used existing data from the 2014 Cambodian Demog...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - September 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Determinants of the Continuum of Maternal Healthcare Services in Northwest Ethiopia: Findings from the Primary Health Care Project.
Conclusions: The completion of the continuum of maternal healthcare services was relatively low, indicating that women were not getting the likely health benefit from the present health services. Therefore, interventions should focus on increasing women's awareness, improving the availability of services at nearby health facilities, and improving service delivery by considering women's preferences and needs to increase their satisfaction are essential to increase the completion of maternal healthcare services. PMID: 32908704 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - September 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Knowledge of and Adherence to Anaemia Prevention Strategies among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Facilities in Juaboso District in Western-North Region, Ghana.
This study assessed pregnant women adherence to Ghana's anaemia prevention strategies being implemented in the Juaboso District. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional data on knowledge of and adherence to anaemia prevention strategies among pregnant women was collected. Pearson's chi-square and logistic regression models were used to assessed associations between predictor and outcome variables. A p value
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - August 18, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Infants Delivered via Cesarean from Mothers with Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes: A Propensity Score Analysis.
Conclusions: Cesarean delivery is a risk factor for neonatal RDS in women with preterm premature rupture of membranes. Trials identifying long-term neonatal prognoses are needed to further develop optimal management strategies in such cases. PMID: 32802509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - August 18, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Measles and Pregnancy: Immunity and Immunization-What Can Be Learned from Observing Complications during an Epidemic Year.
Authors: Ragusa R, Platania A, Cuccia M, Zappalà G, Giorgianni G, D'Agati P, Bellia MA, Marranzano M Abstract Measles is a highly contagious airborne disease. Unvaccinated pregnant women are not only at risk of infection but also at risk of severe pregnancy complications. As measles causes a dysregulation of the entire immune system, we describe immunological variations and how immune response mechanisms can lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes. We evaluated data during the measles outbreak reported in the province of Catania, Italy, from May 2017 to June 2018. We controlled hospital discharge records for pati...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - August 18, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Future Directions: Analyzing Health Disparities Related to Maternal Hypertensive Disorders.
Authors: Harris M, Henke C, Hearst M, Campbell K Abstract Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy complicate up to 10% of pregnancies worldwide, constituting one of the most significant causes of maternal morbidity and mortality. Hypertensive disorders, specifically gestational hypertension, chronic hypertension, and preeclampsia, throughout pregnancy are contributors to the top causes of maternal mortality in the United States. Diagnosis of hypertensive disorders throughout pregnancy is challenging, with many disorders often remaining unrecognized or poorly managed during and after pregnancy. Moreover, the research ha...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - August 18, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Partograph Utilization and Associated Factors among Obstetric Care Providers Working in Public Health Facilities of Wolaita Zone, 2017.
Conclusion and Recommendation. Partograph utilization among obstetric caregivers in the public health facilities was good. Greater years of work experience, in-service training, having good knowledge, and favorable attitude towards partograph utilization among obstetric caregivers independently determined partograph utilization. Provision of on-the-job training to make obstetric caregivers improve knowledge and skill on partograph utilization, maintaining caregivers' retention to decrease turnover by providing different incentives to more experienced obstetric care providers, and establishing favorable attitude could impro...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - July 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Maternal Near Miss among Women Admitted in West Arsi Zone Public Hospitals, Ethiopia: Unmatched Case-Control Study.
Conclusions: Maternal education, antenatal care, chronic medical disorders, previous cesarean section, and first delay of obstetric care-seeking were identified as factors associated with maternal near-miss morbidity. Therefore, this finding implies the need to get better with those factors, to preclude severe maternal complications and subsequent maternal mortality. PMID: 32695514 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - July 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Awareness and Its Associated Factors of Obstetrics Fistula among Antenatal Care Attendees in Injibara Town Health Institutions, Awi Zone, North West, Ethiopia, 2019.
Conclusion and recommendation. This study showed that awareness of obstetrics fistula was low. Residency, education, and occupation of the women, having history of antenatal care and childbirth at health institution was significantly associated with awareness of obstetrics fistula. Still, there is a gap on awareness of obstetrics fistula; therefore, it is good to emphasize on providing information on maternal health care issues, particularly about obstetrics fistula. PMID: 32695515 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - July 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Factors Associated with the Unplanned Pregnancy at Suhul General Hospital, Northern Ethiopia, 2018.
Conclusion and Recommendation. The findings of this study showed that the magnitude of unplanned pregnancy was high and age, marital status, occupation, and history of unplanned pregnancy were statistically associated with an unplanned pregnancy. There is seeming necessity to plan strategies of communication within couples or individuals on reproductive especially on fertility and promote family planning methods. PMID: 32685212 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - July 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Mental Health Problems during Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period: A Multicenter Knowledge Assessment Survey among Healthcare Providers.
Conclusion: Despite good overall awareness and knowledge, application into practice with the utilization of validated assessments is poor. This may probably explain why Sri Lanka has a high prevalence of postpartum depression suggesting urgent attention. PMID: 32685213 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - July 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

The Effect of Pregnancy in the Hemoglobin Concentration of Pregnant Women: A Longitudinal Study.
Conclusion: Pregnancy significantly decreases the hemoglobin concentration of pregnant women reaching the lowest point during labor and delivery. Recommendation. Regular anemia screening intervention should be implemented after delivery. PMID: 32566297 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Optimal Profile Limits for Maternal Mortality Rates (MMR) Influenced by Haemorrhage and Unsafe Abortion in South Sudan.
Authors: Makuei G, Abdollahian M, Marion K Abstract Maternal mortality rate (MMR) is one of the main worldwide public health challenges. Presently, the high levels of MMR are a common problem in the world public health and especially, in developing countries. Half of these maternal deaths occur in Sub-Saharan Africa where little or nothing progress has been made. South Sudan is one of the developing countries which has the highest MMR. Thus, this paper deploys statistical analysis to identify the significant physiological causes of MMR in South Sudan. Prediction models based on Poisson Regression are then developed...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Women's Choice to Deliver at Home: Understanding the Psychosocial and Cultural Factors Influencing Birthing Choices for Unskilled Home Delivery among Women in Southwestern Uganda.
Conclusion: Women's psychosocial and cultural understandings of pregnancy and child birth, their established traditions, birth expectations, and perceptions of control, need, and quality of maternity care at a particular birthing location influenced their past and future decisions to pursue home delivery. Interventions to address barriers to healthcare utilization through a multipronged approach could help to debunk misconceptions, increase perceived need, and motivate women to seek facility delivery. PMID: 32566299 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Striae Gravidarum, Acne, Facial Spots, and Hair Disorders: Risk Factors in a Study with 1284 Puerperal Patients.
Authors: Hoefel IDR, Weber MB, Manzoni APD, Lovato BH, Bonamigo RR Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence of skin changes during pregnancy and to relate their occurrence to specific factors in a population of south Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out with 1284 puerperal patients. A questionnaire about skin changes during pregnancy was developed and applied by the authors to all puerperal women admitted in a tertiary hospital in south Brazil. Results: The appearance of striae during pregnancy was reported by 633 women (49.5%) and had a statistically significant associ...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - June 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

The Influence of Antenatal Oral Iron and Folic Acid Side Effects on Supplementation Duration in Low-Resource Rural Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusions: The commonness of undesirable experiences attributed to daily ingestion of 60 mg iron and 0.4 mg folic acid and their deterrence to longer supplementation durations suggest the need for considering a weekly intermittent regimen for some antenatal women in such set-ups. Our study demonstrated that potentially, more counselling on nausea as a side effect might be critical in advancing iron-folate supplementation compliance. PMID: 32455019 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Risk of Severe Adverse Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Deliveries with Repeated and Primary Cesarean Deliveries versus Vaginal Deliveries: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: Primary and repeated CD significantly increased the risk of SMO compared with VD. Risks of NNM and SNO were also significantly increased in women with primary CD. The risks of NNM and SNO for repeated CD trended toward a significant increase. PMID: 32426168 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 20, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Partograph Utilization and Associated Factors among Obstetric Care Providers at Public Health Facilities in Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia.
Conclusion: Overall partograph utilization was low, and incomplete recording of required parameters on partograph was observed in this study. Participants who received on-the-job training on partograph, who are working in a hospital, who are knowledgeable about partograph, and who have favorable attitude toward partograph use were factors affecting partograph use positively. PMID: 32411465 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Women's Perspectives on Male Involvement in Antenatal Care, Labour, and Childbirth.
Conclusion: Male involvement in antenatal care, labour, and childbirth received overwhelming support from the women in this study. PMID: 32411466 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Early Pregnancy Screening for Women at High-Risk of GDM Results in Reduced Neonatal Morbidity and Similar Maternal Outcomes to Routine Screening.
Authors: Clarke E, Cade TJ, Brennecke S Abstract The Australasian Diabetes in Pregnancy Society recommends screening high-risk women for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) before 24 weeks gestation, under the assumption that an earlier diagnosis and opportunity to achieve normoglycemia will minimize adverse outcomes. However, little evidence exists for this recommendation. The study objective was to compare the pregnancy outcomes of high-risk women diagnosed with GDM before 24 weeks gestation and routinely diagnosed women after 24 weeks gestation. A retrospective audit was conducted of all pregnancies diagnosed wi...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Maternal Serum Concentrations of Selenium, Copper, and Zinc during Pregnancy Are Associated with Risk of Spontaneous Preterm Birth: A Case-Control Study from Malawi.
Authors: Chiudzu G, Choko AT, Maluwa A, Huber S, Odland J Abstract Preterm birth is delivery before 37 completed weeks. A study was conducted to evaluate the association of maternal serum concentrations of selenium, copper, and zinc and preterm birth. There were 181 women in this nested case-control study, 90/181 (49.7%) term and 91/181 (50.3%) preterm pregnant women. The overall mean serum concentration of selenium was 77.0, SD 19.4 μg/L; of copper was 2.50, SD 0.52 mg/L; and of zinc was 0.77, SD 0.20 mg/L with reference values of 47-142 μg/L, 0.76-1.59 mg/L, and 0.59-1.11&...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Quality of Prenatal Care and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women at Public Health Facilities of Wogera District, Northwest Ethiopia.
Authors: Kassaw A, Debie A, Geberu DM Abstract Background: Prenatal care refers to services a pregnant woman receives during pregnancy to ensure a healthy outcome for herself and her newborn. However, only limited studies have so far been done to assess the quality of prenatal care in the study area. Thus, this study is aimed at assessing the quality of prenatal care and associated factors at public health facilities in Wogera district, northwest Ethiopia. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Wogera district from March to April 2019. A total of 465 pregnant women were interviewed...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Lifetime Prevalence of Abortion and Risk Factors in Women: Evidence from a Cohort Study.
Authors: Moradinazar M, Najafi F, Nazar ZM, Hamzeh B, Pasdar Y, Shakiba E Abstract Background: 10-20% of pregnancies end due to spontaneous abortions. In recent years, nondocumentary evidence has been indicative of an increase in the prevalence of nonspontaneous abortions in Iran, especially in the Kurdish regions. The aim of this study is to assess the lifetime prevalence of spontaneous abortions and factors affecting spontaneous abortion in women 35-65 years old. Method: Data from the recruitment phase of Ravansar Non-Communicable Disease (RaNCD) cohort study was used. All of the 4831 married women 35-65 year...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Neonatal and Maternal Complications of Placenta Praevia and Its Risk Factors in Tikur Anbessa Specialized and Gandhi Memorial Hospitals: Unmatched Case-Control Study.
Conclusion: Advanced maternal age, multiparity, and previous histories of caesarean section were significantly associated risk factors of placenta praevia. Adverse maternal outcomes associated with placenta praevia were postpartum anemia and the need for blood transfusion. Neonates born from placenta praevia women were also at risk of being born preterm, intrauterine growth restriction, and respiratory distress syndrome. PMID: 32395343 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Apgar Score among Newborns Delivered by Cesarean Sections at Gandhi Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa.
Conclusion: Newborn babies have a low Apgar score at one minute as compared to five minutes. But low Apgar score at five minutes has long-term sequel. Therefore, it is very important to reduce factors associated with low Apgar score at both minutes. PMID: 32395344 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Maternal Satisfaction with Intrapartum Nursing Care and Its Associated Factors among Mothers Who Gave Birth in Public Hospitals of North Wollo Zone, Northeast Ethiopia: Institution-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: In this study, the overall maternal satisfaction with intrapartum nursing care was low. Therefore, improving ANC follow-up, early examined by health-care providers, and getting adequate meal while in labour and delivery might enhance women satisfaction with intrapartum nursing care services. PMID: 32395345 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Determinants of Low Birth Weight among Newborns Delivered at Public Hospitals in Sidama Zone, South Ethiopia: Unmatched Case-Control Study.
Authors: Bekela MB, Shimbre MS, Gebabo TF, Geta MB, Tonga AT, Zeleke EA, Sidemo NB, Getnet AB Abstract Low birth weight is a global public health problem having various severe and life-threatening health effects. The World Health Organization is working to reduce the prevalence of low birth weight to 30% by the year 2025. Pinpointing the determinants of low birth weight at different scenarios is crucial to reduce the rate of low birth weight in low-income countries which consist of 96.5% of global low birth weight newborns. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess determinants of low birth weight in Sidama Zone pu...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - May 2, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Physical Effects of Maternal Deaths on Midwives' Health: A Qualitative Approach.
Authors: Dartey AF, Phuma-Ngaiyaye E Abstract Grief does not only affect human emotions but also impacts their physical health. Understanding physical grief of people can bring to bear the grip of its daunting nature, a situation where routines become challenging. A qualitative explorative descriptive research method was used. A purposive sample of 18 ward supervisors and 39 ward midwives was used to ascertain the physical effects of maternal deaths on these caregivers in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Data were collected through semistructured and focus group discussions. Data analysis was done parallel with data co...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 22, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Unintended Pregnancy and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care at Bako Tibe District Public Health Facility, Oromia Region, Ethiopia.
Authors: Bekele H, Dheressa M, Mengistie B, Sintayehu Y, Fekadu G Abstract Background: A pregnancy is described unintended if it is either unwanted or mistimed. The former occurs when no child or no more children are desired, and the latter is when the conception occurs earlier than the desired time, but wanted later. Unwanted pregnancy causes a serious health, economic, and social problem to the woman and her family. In the study area, there is limited data on unintended pregnancy. Therefore, this study fills this gap by studying the magnitude of unintended pregnancy and its associated factors among pregnant women...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Factors That Determine the Likelihood of Giving Birth to the First Child within 10 Months after Marriage.
Conclusions: For conception within 1 month of marriage, wives and husbands should/are encouraged to have frequent sex, any negative social behaviour or policies must be discouraged, experts' advice on contraceptive use must be sought, and women are encouraged to desist from termination of pregnancy at any time of their life. Husbands should openly express their desire and love for their children since this increases the likelihood of wives' desire to give birth. This leads to frequent sex, which then reduces conception time, and hence childbirth within the shortest possible time. PMID: 32257442 [PubMed - in process] (S...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Associated Factors of Postpartum Modern Contraceptive Use in Burie District, Amhara Region, Ethiopia.
Authors: Ashebir W, Tadesse T Abstract Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was employed among 686 mothers in Burie District from March 16 to March 25, 2017. A multistage sampling technique was used to select the study participants. Data were collected using face to face interviewer administered structured questionnaires. Then, the collected data was entered, coded, and cleaned into EPI Data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 20.0 for data analysis. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was done to assess the association of factors with postpartum modern contraceptive use. Adjusted odds r...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - April 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Early Pregnancy Serum Metabolite Profiles Associated with Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy in African American Women: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Ferranti EP, Frediani JK, Mitchell R, Fernandes J, Li S, Jones DP, Corwin E, Dunlop AL Abstract Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) are the most common cardiometabolic complications of pregnancy, affecting nearly 10% of US pregnancies and contributing substantially to maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. In the US, women of African American race are at increased risk for HDP. Early biomarkers that reliably identify women at risk for HDP remain elusive, yet are essential for the early identification and targeting of interventions to improve maternal and infant outcomes. We employed high-resolu...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - March 10, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Magnitude and Associated Factors of Unintended Pregnancy among Pregnant Women at Saesie Tsaeda Emba Woreda Eastern Zone of Tigray, North Ethiopia, 2018.
Authors: Gebremariam Weldearegawi G, Tekola KB, Fseha Teklehaymanot B Abstract Background: Each year there were about 80 million women who experienced unintended pregnancy in the globe. In Ethiopia, around one third of women have experiences of unintended pregnancy. However, the magnitude of unintended pregnancy was not determined in the study area. Hence the aim of the study was to assess the magnitude and associated factors of unintended pregnancy among pregnant women. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study design was employed among 345 participants. Participants were selected by systematic random...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - February 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Solving the Obstetrical Paradox: The FETAL Technique-A Step toward Noninvasive Evaluation of Fetal pH.
Authors: Balayla J, Shrem G Abstract Every year, about 85 percent of the approximately 5 million births in North America are evaluated with the electronic fetal monitoring (EFM). Clinicians use the EFM as a proxy to assess fetal oxygenation status, fetal well-being, and potential compromise. Despite the widespread use of this technology, neonatal hypoxia and acidosis continue to make up a high proportion of neonatal morbidity at term. Indeed, though the fetal heart rhythm is inextricably linked to fetal acid-base status, EFM has not been shown to reliably predict neonatal pH status nor has it reduced adverse matern...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - February 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Exploring the Determinants of Antenatal Care Services Uptake: A Qualitative Study among Women in a Rural Community in Northern Ghana.
Conclusion: There is the need for establishment of registration centres of the national health insurance in all communities to make the scheme more accessible. There should also be intensive public education on importance of attending ANC. PMID: 31929907 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Pregnancy)
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - January 14, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Determinants of Change in Fertility among Women in Rural Areas of Uganda.
In this study, we focus on determinants of change in fertility among rural women in Uganda using a multivariate Poisson decomposition technique to quantify the contribution of changes in the socioeconomic and demographic composition of women which we also refer to as the characteristic effects and changes in their fertility behavior (the coefficients' effects or risk of childbearing) to the overall reduction in fertility among women in rural areas during the 2006-2016 period. The "characteristics effects" are used to mean the effect of changing composition of women by the socioeconomic and demographic characteris...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - January 14, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Prediction of Preterm Birth by Maternal Characteristics and Medical History in the Brazilian Population.
Authors: Damaso EL, Rolnik DL, Cavalli RC, Quintana SM, Duarte G, da Silva Costa F, Marcolin A Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the performance of a previously published algorithm for first-trimester prediction of spontaneous preterm birth (PTB) in a cohort of Brazilian women. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of women undergoing routine antenatal care. Maternal characteristics and medical history were obtained. The data were inserted in the Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) online calculator to estimate the individual risk of PTB. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressi...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - October 31, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Patient Attitudes toward Gestational Weight Gain and Exercise during Pregnancy.
Authors: Lott ML, Power ML, Reed EG, Schulkin J, Mackeen AD Abstract Body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) are important factors for neonatal and maternal health. Exercise helps women moderate their BMI and GWG, and provides health benefits to mother and child. This survey study assessed patients' perceptions of counseling they received during pregnancy, their sources of information about GWG, and their attitudes toward exercise during pregnancy. We distributed an anonymous survey to 200 pregnant women over the age of 18 at a tertiary care center in Danville, Pennsylvania. Survey questions include...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - October 24, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

The Effect of Maternity Support Garments on Alleviation of Pains and Discomforts during Pregnancy: A Systematic Review.
This study aims to review the available literature on the effects of using MSGs as sole intervention for comfort improvement of women during pregnancy, as well as to discuss the attributes of the garments which may influence their performance. A systematic review was undertaken, which adheres to PRISMA guideline for systematic reviews. Multiple databases, such as ScienceDirect, CINAHL, EBSCO, Elsevier, SCOPUS, Wiley Online Library, ProQuest, ProQuest Health and Medical Complete, PubMed, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, were electronically searched. Six studies met the inclusion criteria and covered three...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - September 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research

Evidence-Based Prevention of Preeclampsia: Commonly Asked Questions in Clinical Practice.
Authors: Wertaschnigg D, Reddy M, Mol BWJ, da Silva Costa F, Rolnik DL Abstract In this review, we discuss the recent literature regarding the prevention of preeclampsia and aim to answer common questions that arise in the routine antenatal care of pregnant women. Prescription of low-dose aspirin for high-risk patients has been shown to reduce the risk of preeclampsia (PE). A daily dose between 100 and 150 mg taken in the evening should be initiated prior to 16 weeks of gestation and can be continued until delivery. Calcium supplementation seems to be advantageous but currently it is only considered for patients wi...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - September 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research