Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - March 31, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

JOPAN Editorial Staff 2019-2020
(Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - March 31, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Congratulations New CPANs and CAPAs!
On behalf of the American Board of Perianesthesia Nursing Certification, I would like to extend our congratulations to the following nurses who have achieved CPAN ® or CAPA® certification during the Fall 2019 examination cycle. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - March 31, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Membership Source Type: research

Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Exercise on Postoperative Pain Level in Patients Undergoing Open Renal Surgery: A Nonrandomized Evaluation.
Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) exercise on pain and vital signs in patients undergoing open renal surgery. DESIGN: Nonrandomized evaluation with intervention (n = 31) and control (n = 30) groups. METHODS: In the intervention group, PMR exercise was performed twice daily on postoperative days 0, 1, 2, and 3. Pain severity and vital signs were evaluated 15 minutes after each exercise application. FINDINGS: The study detected significant differences in the mean visual analog scale pain severity values in the intervention group, who rece...
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - March 23, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Kısaarslan M, Aksoy N Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Exercise on Postoperative Pain Level in Patients Undergoing Open Renal Surgery: A Nonrandomized Evaluation
To investigate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) exercise on pain and vital signs in patients undergoing open renal surgery. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - March 23, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Mihriban K ısaarslan, Nilgün Aksoy Tags: Research Source Type: research

A Randomized Prospective Placebo-Controlled Study of the Effects of Lavender Aromatherapy on Preoperative Anxiety in Cataract Surgery Patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Lavender aromatherapy reduced anxiety in preoperative cataract surgery patients. PMID: 32178950 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - March 12, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Stanley PF, Wan LF, Karim RA Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

A Randomized Prospective Placebo-Controlled Study of the Effects of Lavender Aromatherapy on Preoperative Anxiety in Cataract Surgery Patients
To determine if lavender aromatherapy can reduce preoperative anxiety in cataract surgery patients. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - March 12, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Philip Francis Stanley, Lai Foon Wan, Rostihar Abdul Karim Tags: Research Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of Intravenous Opioid Pain Protocols and Their Dose-Time Intervals in the Management of Acute Postoperative Pain in the Postanesthesia Care Unit.
CONCLUSIONS: Literature gaps were identified regarding the significance of dose-time intervals when using opioid analgesic pain protocols in the PACU. PMID: 32173174 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - March 11, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Stephens S, Malik G, Rahman MA Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of Intravenous Opioid Pain Protocols and Their Dose-Time Intervals in the Management of Acute Postoperative Pain in the Postanesthesia Care Unit
This review aims to explore intravenous opioid pain protocols and their dose-time intervals in managing acute postoperative pain in adults in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - March 11, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Sarah Stephens, Gulzar Malik, Muhammad Aziz Rahman Tags: Research Source Type: research

A Systematic Comparison on Postoperative Analgesia Effect Between Subacromial and Intravenous Analgesia Pumps for Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair.
CONCLUSIONS: This study described that the direct continuous infusion of anesthetic under subacromial analgesic pump showed a greater pain relief with less side effects compared with intravenous infusion for arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. PMID: 32147277 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - March 4, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Chen C, Zuo J, Zhang W Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

The Impact of Preoperative Patient Anxiety on Postoperative Anxiety and Quality of Recovery After Orthopaedic Surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients who experience preoperative anxiety also experience anxiety in PACU. The quality of recovery 3 days after surgery is also affected by preoperative anxiety. Patients experience continued anxiety as well as sadness and depression. PMID: 32147278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - March 4, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Andersson V, Bergstrand J, Engström Å, Gustafsson S Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

A Systematic Comparison on Postoperative Analgesia Effect Between Subacromial and Intravenous Analgesia Pumps for Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair
Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair is often associated with severe postoperative pain. Various agents, routes, and modes are used for the treatment of postoperative pain with a minimum of side effects. This systematic work was conducted to compare the postoperative effect of subacromial patient-controlled analgesia with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia after an arthroscopic rotator cuff repair surgery. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - March 4, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Chen Chen, Jianwei Zuo, Wentao Zhang Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Impact of Preoperative Patient Anxiety on Postoperative Anxiety and Quality of Recovery After Orthopaedic Surgery
To study how preoperative anxiety affects postoperative recovery in orthopaedic surgery based on two specific issues: does preoperative anxiety affect postoperative anxiety, pain, and nausea in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) and does preoperative anxiety affect the quality of recovery. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - March 4, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Viktor Andersson, Josefine Bergstrand, Åsa Engström, Silje Gustafsson Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Effects of Intraoperative Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Virtual Reality Application on Anxiety, Vital Signs, and Satisfaction: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
This study aimed to determine the effects of intraoperative progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and the application of virtual reality (VR) on anxiety, vital signs, and satisfaction levels during a knee arthroscopy operation. DESIGN: The study was a three-group randomized controlled trial. METHODS: This study was conducted with 93 patients who consented to participate in the study. FINDINGS: The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-S anxiety scale (STAI-S) scores were increased in all the three groups after the surgery. When the preoperative and postoperative STAI-S scores in the group were examined; intragroup STA...
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - March 3, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Sahin G, Basak T Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

The Effects of Intraoperative Progressive Muscle Relaxation and Virtual Reality Application on Anxiety, Vital Signs, and Satisfaction: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This study aimed to determine the effects of intraoperative progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and the application of virtual reality (VR) on anxiety, vital signs, and satisfaction levels during a knee arthroscopy operation. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - March 3, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Gul Sahin, Tulay Basak Tags: Research Source Type: research

Enhancing Patients' Wayfinding and Visitation Experience Improves Quality of Care.
CONCLUSIONS: Improved patient travel time correlates to reduce idled nursing time, with cost savings accrued to organization. Research shows that wayfinding mobile applications hold the promise of improving patients' hospital visitation experience. PMID: 32113796 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - February 25, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Lee E, Daugherty J, Selga J, Schmidt U Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Enhancing Patients' Wayfinding and Visitation Experience Improves Quality of Care
To understand the impact of wayfinding challenges on patient hospital visitation experience, organizational costs, and emerging technology trends that may alleviate wayfinding challenges. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - February 25, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Esther Lee, JoAnn Daugherty, Joanne Selga, Ulrich Schmidt Tags: Clinical Source Type: research

Effects of Extremity Massage on Preoperative Anxiety: A Three-Arm Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial on Phacoemulsification Candidates.
CONCLUSIONS: Application of hand or foot massage seems to be effective in managing anxiety in patients waiting for phacoemulsification cataract surgery. PMID: 32057627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - February 9, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Farmahini Farahani M, Noruzi Zamenjani M, Nasiri M, Shamsikhani S, Purfarzad Z, Harorani M Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Effects of Extremity Massage on Preoperative Anxiety: A Three-Arm Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial on Phacoemulsification Candidates
The present study aimed to compare the effects of foot and hand massage on preoperative anxiety. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - February 9, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Moloud Farmahini Farahani, Masoomeh Noruzi Zamenjani, Morteza Nasiri, Soheila Shamsikhani, Zahra Purfarzad, Mehdi Harorani Tags: Research Source Type: research

2020: The Year of the Nurse and the Midwife.
PMID: 32008714 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 31, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Hooper VD Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Single-Dose Oral Ibuprofen Plus Caffeine for Acute Postoperative Pain in Adults.
PMID: 32008715 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 31, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Musselman E, Stannard D Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Perioperative Dextrose and Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting.
PMID: 32008716 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 31, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Stewart MW Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Erratum.
Authors: PMID: 32008717 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 31, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

The Opiate Crisis: Effects on Perianesthesia Nursing.
PMID: 32008718 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 31, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Drain CB Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Single-Dose Oral Ibuprofen Plus Caffeine for Acute Postoperative Pain in Adults
What is the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of a single oral dose of ibuprofen plus caffeine for moderate to severe postoperative pain? (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 30, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Elaine Musselman, Daphne Stannard Tags: Cochrane Nursing Care Review Source Type: research

Perioperative Dextrose and Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
For some patients, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) seems to be immutably linked to the anesthetic experience. Perianesthesia nurses constantly seek ways to prevent, control, and treat patients who suffer from this event. A group of researchers representing Columbia, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Yale School of Medicine, and The Johns Hopkins University conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the efficacy of dextrose infusions on PONV outcomes. Their conclusions provide new information for perianesthesia nurses to consider when advocating for patients. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 30, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Mary W. Stewart Tags: Research News Source Type: research

Erratum
In the article, “A Practical Definition of Evidence-Based Practice for Nursing” (2019;34:1080-1084), there was an error in Figure 3; both “Randomized Control Trial (RCT)” and “Quasi-Experimental Study” were labeled “Level 2.” The figure has been edited so that all five levels are numbered correctly . (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 30, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

2020: The Year of the Nurse and the Midwife
Early last year, the World Health Organization designated 2020 as the International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife. Nursing and midwifery will be recognized and celebrated  across the globe for the invaluable role that we play in bringing universal health care to all people, in all settings. The celebration is also particularly significant as 2020 is the 200th anniversary of the birth of Florence Nightingale.1 (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 30, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Vallire D. Hooper Tags: Editorial Opinion Source Type: research

The Opiate Crisis: Effects on Perianesthesia Nursing
Well here I am, retired! Yes, as of March of 2019 I retired as the Emeritis Dean of the College of Health Professions at Virginia Commonwealth University. Retirement has given me a chance to truly investigate an issue affecting the health care provider and the community at large. I have used my “free” time going to meetings and reading articles. Based on the number of articles in the newspapers and professional healthcare journals and the vast number of meetings with the focus of drug and alcohol abuse, I became enthralled with this health care crisis. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 30, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Cecil B. Drain Tags: The Back Page Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 30, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 30, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 30, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Acknowledgment of Reviewers
The Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing thanks its reviewers for helping make the Journal a success. The following individuals are gratefully acknowledged for their time and effort in reviewing manuscripts in 2019. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 30, 2020 Category: Nursing Tags: Acknowledgment of Reviewers Source Type: research

Learning Needs of Patients and Their Caregivers After Ambulatory Surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: The learning needs of ambulatory surgery patients and their caregivers are high. Patients and caregivers must be well informed and well prepared to cope with possible problems at home. PMID: 32007390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 28, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Guven B, Ibrahimoglu O, Elbuken B Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Use of the World Health Organization Checklist-Swedish Health Care Professionals' Experience: A Mixed-Method Study.
CONCLUSIONS: The health care professionals had difficulties using the WHO checklist in the Swedish health care system. More research is needed to determine why specific items are overlooked and whether these items could form the basis of the further elaboration of a modified checklist. An increased understanding of why the checklist is important, as well as updated knowledge on the content could produce greater compliance and thereby increase patient safety. PMID: 32007391 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 28, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Krupic F, Svantesson E, Seffo N, Westin O, Hamrin Senorski E Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Prevalence of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting and Pain in Patients Undergoing Elective Orthopaedic Surgery in Iran.
CONCLUSION: High prevalence rates of postoperative nausea (59.3%) and vomiting (39%) were recorded. Among 98.4% of participants, pain intensity was rated as moderate during the first 24 hours after consciousness. PMID: 32007392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 28, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Torabi Khah M, Yousefi H, Monazami Ansari AH, Musarezaie A Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Prevalence of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting and Pain in Patients Undergoing Elective Orthopaedic Surgery in Iran
The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of postoperative nausea, vomiting, and pain and the severity of postoperative pain in adult patients undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery in Iran. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 28, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Mohsen Torabi Khah, Hojatollah Yousefi, Amir-Hossein Monazami Ansari, Amir Musarezaie Tags: Research Source Type: research

Use of the World Health Organization Checklist —Swedish Health Care Professionals' Experience: A Mixed-Method Study
The purpose was to describe health care professionals' experience of using the World Health Organization (WHO) surgical safety checklist. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 28, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Ferid Krupic, Eleonor Svantesson, Nail Seffo, Olof Westin, Eric Hamrin Senorski Tags: Research Source Type: research

Learning Needs of Patients and Their Caregivers After Ambulatory Surgery
The purpose of this study was to determine the learning needs of ambulatory surgery patients and their caregivers. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 28, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Betul Guven, Ozlem Ibrahimoglu, Burcu Elbuken Tags: Research Source Type: research

Feasibility of Nurse-Managed Tobacco Use Interventions in Outpatient Surgical Practice.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that it is feasible for perioperative nurses to play an important role in the delivery of perioperative tobacco interventions. PMID: 32005603 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 27, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Jose T, McNamara M, Barrone ML, Johnson WS, Larsen HA, Martin EE, Marienau MS, Judd MA, Warner DO Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Effect of the ASPAN Guideline on Perioperative Hypothermia Among Patients With Upper Extremity Surgery Under General Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses guideline is applicable for preventing hypothermia under general anesthesia, which, in turn, aids in patient recovery through the suppression of various hypothermia-related complications. PMID: 32005604 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 27, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Kang S, Park S Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Feasibility of Nurse-Managed Tobacco Use Interventions in Outpatient Surgical Practice
The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of developing and implementing a brief nurse-delivered tobacco intervention in an outpatient surgical practice. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 27, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Thulasee Jose, Manda McNamara, Megan L. Barrone, Wendy S. Johnson, Heather A. Larsen, Erin E. Martin, Mary S. Marienau, Marlea A. Judd, David O. Warner Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effect of the ASPAN Guideline on Perioperative Hypothermia Among Patients With Upper Extremity Surgery Under General Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial
To evaluate the effect of using the evidence-based hypothermia guideline developed by the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses on body temperature, shivering, thermal discomfort and comfort, and incidence of hypothermia. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 27, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Sookyung Kang, Soohyun Park Tags: Research Source Type: research

The Effect of Pregabalin on the Prevention of Succinylcholine-Induced Fasciculation and Myalgia.
CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that 300 mg of pregabalin was effective in reducing postoperative fasciculation and myalgia in patients treated with succinylcholine. PMID: 31992495 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 24, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Sane S, Aghdashi MM, Haki BK, Gholamveisi B, Rajabzadeh M, Golabi P Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

The Effect of Pregabalin on the Prevention of Succinylcholine-Induced Fasciculation and Myalgia
This study evaluates the effect of pregabalin on fasciculation and myalgia after using succinylcholine. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 24, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Shahryar Sane, Mir Moussa Aghdashi, Behzad Kazemi Haki, Behzad Gholamveisi, Mina Rajabzadeh, Parang Golabi Tags: Clinical Source Type: research

Strategies to Relieve Patients' Preoperative Anxiety Before Anesthesia: Experiences of Nurse Anesthetists.
CONCLUSIONS: Awareness can increase the use of different strategies by both new and experienced nurse anesthetists, as well as by nurses in preoperative units, which in turn alleviates patient anxiety about anesthesia. This may result in a better perioperative experience for the patient. PMID: 31980370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Clair C, Engström Å, Strömbäck U Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Strategies to Relieve Patients' Preoperative Anxiety Before Anesthesia: Experiences of Nurse Anesthetists
To investigate nurse anesthetists' experiences of strategies that alleviate adult patients' preoperative anxiety before anesthesia administration. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Cecilia Clair, Åsa Engström, Ulrica Strömbäck Tags: Research Source Type: research

Video Glasses Reduce Preoperative Anxiety Compared With Portable Multimedia Player in Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: In children, the anxiolytic effect of VG during the preoperative period is larger than that of PMP. PMID: 31973959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Hashimoto Y, Chaki T, Hirata N, Tokinaga Y, Yoshikawa Y, Yamakage M Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Effects of an Individualized Fasting Program on Fasting Time and Comfort in Infants and Young Children During the Perioperative Period.
CONCLUSIONS: The fasting program for infants and young children can shorten the duration of fasting and can reduce the degree of hunger. This program is safe and feasible. PMID: 31973960 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - January 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Li C, Shao H, Huang S, Zhang T, Su X, Zhu S Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Effects of an Individualized Fasting Program on Fasting Time and Comfort in Infants and Young Children During the Perioperative Period
The study was designed to evaluate the effect of an individualized fasting program on fasting time and comfort in infants and young children during the perioperative period. (Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing - January 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Canping Li, Hanqing Shao, Shoujiang Huang, Tingting Zhang, Xiaohua Su, Shuangping Zhu Tags: Research Source Type: research