Augmentation vaginoplasty with buccal mucosa for the surgical revision of post-reconstructive vaginal stenosis: a case series
Vaginal stenosis is a common consequence of vaginal reconstruction in childhood. . Significant scarring can make dilation ineffective and there maybe a paucity of skin to create perineal skin flaps. Numerous vaginoplasty techniques exist including perineal skin flaps for distal stenosis and intestinal vaginoplasty requiring laparotomy and bowel anastomosis. Buccal mucosa is widely used in urethroplasty and has been reported in neovaginal construction. It is easily accessible with minimal graft site morbidity and provides a close functional replica to vaginal mucosa. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 25, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hazel Learner, Sarah M. Creighton, Dan Wood Source Type: research

Etiology and characteristics of pediatric urethral strictures in a developing country in the 21st century
Urethral stricture disease in children is not uncommon as assumed; however, most of the information about the etiology, features, and natural history of pediatric strictures is extrapolations from adult series as the literature on this common entity is sparse, and most of the studies are small series. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: M.S. Ansari, P. Yadav, A. Srivastava, R. Kapoor, P. Ashwin Shekar Source Type: research

“Etiology and characteristics of pediatric urethral strictures in a developing country in the 21st century”
Urethral stricture disease in children are not uncommon as assumed, however, most of the information about the etiology, features and natural history of pediatric strictures are extrapolations from adult series as literature on this common entity is sparse and most of the studies are small series. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ashwin Shekar. P, Priyank Yadav, Aneesh Srivastava, Rakesh kapoor, M.S. Ansari Source Type: research

Megaprepuce: Presentation of a modified surgical technique with excellent cosmetic and functional results
We describe a modification of the surgical technique of reconstructing a megaprepuce initially presented by Leao et al. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: K. Hirsch, B. Schwaiger, S. Kraske, B. Wullich Source Type: research

Topical Estradiol Increases Epidermal Thickness And Dermal Collagen Of Foreskin Prior To Hypospadia Surgery - Randomized Double Blinded Controlled Trial
This study aims to evaluate the primary effects in epidermal thickness and collagen distribution of estradiol compared to testosterone and placebo in skin of prepuce before hypospadia surgery. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 24, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tha ís Gomes Casali, Kelly Christina de Castro Paiva, Matheus Nehrer Rodrigues, Caroline Elizabete Santana Silva, André Avarese de Figueiredo, José de Bessa, André Netto Bastos, Maria Christina Marques Nogueira Castañon, José Murillo Bastos Netto Source Type: research

Spectrum of management options for pediatric pelvic fracture urethral injury and outcome analysis: 12-year tertiary center experience
Pediatric pelvic fracture –associated urethral injuries (PFUIs) are relatively rare injuries that occur in secondary to high impact pelvic trauma. There is no consensus yet on the optimal management approach. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 23, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: G. Garg, M. Kumar, M. Singh, S. Pandey, A. Sharma, S.N. Sankhwar Source Type: research

Spectrum of management options for paediatric pelvic fracture urethral injury and outcome analysis: 12 year tertiary centre experience
Pediatric pelvic fracture-associated urethral injury (PFUI) are relatively rare injuries that occur secondary to high impact pelvic trauma. There is no consensus yet on the optimal management approach. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 23, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Gaurav Garg, Manoj Kumar, Manmeet Singh, Siddharth Pandey, Ashish Sharma, S.N. Sankhwar Source Type: research

A novel method of rapid appraisal of clinical practice guidelines for children with enuresis
Enuresis (bedwetting) is a common but variably managed pediatric condition. Despite an abundance of published documents which provide recommendations for clinical evaluation and management of enuresis, no formal appraisal of their methodological quality has been undertaken. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 23, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Misel Trajanovska, Sebastian King, Sharon Goldfeld, Susan Gibb Source Type: research

Ipsilateral Ureteroureterostomy For Ureteral Duplication Anomalies: Predictors of Adverse Outcomes
Ipsilateral ureteroureterostomy (UU) has gained popularity for treating ureteral duplication (UD) associated with obstruction or vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). Several studies have demonstrated its high success rate and low morbidity. We tried to identify the predictors of adverse outcomes associated with UU. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 23, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ahmed Abdelhalim, Joshua D. Chamberlin, Huy Truong, Irene M. McAleer, Kai-wen Chuang, Elias Wehbi, Heidi A. Stephany, Antoine E. Khoury Source Type: research

Laparoscopy-assisted ureterostomy — technique
We describe the laparoscopy-assisted alternative. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: M. Asimakidou, G. De Win, A. Cherian Tags: Video Bank Source Type: research

The prevalence of kidney scarring due to urinary tract infection in Iranian children: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Urinary tract infection is one of the most common diseases in childhood, can lead to severe complications such as renal scarring in lack of diagnosis and timely treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of kidney scarring caused by urinary tract infection in Iranian children by meta-analysis. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: F. Najafi, D. sarokhani, A.hasanpour dehkordi Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Laparoscopy-assisted ureterostomy – Surgical technique
Urinary diversion such as a cutaneous ureterostomy has been employed for many years as a temporising alternative when definitive reconstruction carries significant morbidity in the very young. A classic scenario is when an infant suffers recurrent pyelonephritis in the background of vesico-ureteric reflux, bladder outlet obstruction or a neurogenic bladder.This video demonstrates the laparoscopy-assisted technique in an infant utilising a trans-umbilical port for vision, two 3mm working instruments, one of which is through the proposed ureterostomy site minimising scarring. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 21, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: M. Asimakidou, G. De Win, A. Cherian Tags: Video Bank Source Type: research

Systematic radiologic detection of kidney stones in Canadian children: a new era of asymptomatic stones?
Asymptomatic, or incidental, pediatric kidney stones detected on abdominal imaging pose a clinical challenge as their significance and expected outcome are not well described. Our primary objective was to estimate the incidence of nephrolithiasis in pediatric patients undergoing abdominal ultrasound (US) or computerized tomography (CT), for all indications, in a pediatric tertiary care hospital. Our secondary objective was to determine the clinical outcome of these radiographically detected stones. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 20, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Raees Cassim, Carl Van Walraven, Luke T. Lavall ée, Kristen McAlpine, Kerri Highmore, Michael P. Leonard, Luis Guerra, Viviane Grandpierre, Jennifer Vethamuthu, Melise A. Keays Source Type: research

Management of ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children —a roundtable discussion
The investigation, management and follow-up of paediatric ureteropelvic junction obstruction is not standardized. The Young Pediatric Urology Committee of the European Society of Pediatric Urology interviewed five experts in the field on various aspects of management and compared this with published literature. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: M. Gopal, M. Peycelon, A. Caldamone, R. Chrzan, A. El-Ghoneimi, H. Olsen, M.-D. Leclair, A. Stillebroer, C. MacDonald, U. Tonnhofer, C. Strasser, A. Adam, A.-F. Spinoit, B. Haid Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Management of ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children – A round table discussion
The investigation, management and follow up of pediatric ureteropelvic junction obstruction is not standardised. The Young Pediatric Urology Committee (YPUC) of the European Society of Pediatric Urology interviewed five experts in the field on various aspects of management and compared this with published literature. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 15, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Milan Gopal, Matthieu Peycelon, Antony Caldamone, Rafal Chrzan, Alaa El-Ghoneimi, Henning Olsen, Marc-David Leclair, Alexander Stillebroer, Caroline MacDonald, Ursula Tonnhofer, Christa Strasser, Ahmed Adam, Anne-Francoise Spinoit, Bernhard Haid Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Evidence Based Medicine IV: how to find an evidence-based answer to a clinical question? Make a critically appraised topic!
This manuscript is the fourth in a five part series related to evidence based medicine (EBM) provided by the European society of pediatric urology (ESPU) research committee. It will present a way to come to a quick and critical appraisal of available evidence on a specific topic: a CAT (critically appraised topic). The way how to write a cat is described for interventions to be compared to a control group, and for other, more generalized clinical questions. While systematic reviews provide a throughout overview of all evidence available, a CAT provides a shorter way to come to quick insights based on EBM. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: G.M.A. Beckers, K. Herbst, M. Kaefer, L. Harper, M. Castagnetti, D. Bagli, N. Kalfa, M. Fossum, ESPU Research Committee Tags: Educational Article Source Type: research

The impact of bowel management on the quality of life in children with spina bifida with overactive bladder and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia
The aim of the study was to assess the impact of bowel management on the quality of life in children with spina bifida with overactive bladder and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Z. Radojicic, S. Milivojevic, J.M. Lazovic, S. Becanovic, I. Kori ćanac, N. Milic Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor re ‘Late ascended testes: is non-orthotopic gubernacular insertion a confirmation of an alternative embryological aetiology?’
Re: Haid B et  al 'Late ascended testes: is non-orthotopic gubernacular insertion a confirmation of an alternative embryological aetiology?' - J.P.Urol. (2019)15:71:e1-6. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: J.M. Hutson Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The Impact of Bowel Management on the Quality of Life in Spina Bifida Children with Overactive Bladder and Detrusor Sphincter Dyssynergia
To assess the impact of bowel management on the quality of life in spina bifida children with overactive bladder and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Zoran Radojicic, Sasa Milivojevic, Jelena Milin Lazovic, Sara Becanovic, Irena Kori ćanac, Natasa Milic Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor re ''Late ascended testes: is non-orthotopic gubernacular insertion a confirmation of an alternative embryological aetiology?'
Re: Haid B et al 'Late ascended testes: is non-orthotopic gubernacular insertion a confirmation of an alternative embryological aetiology?' - J.P.Urol. (2019)15:71:e1-6. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: John M. Hutson Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Evidence Based Medicine IV: How to find an evidence-based answer to a clinical question? Make a CAT!
Physicians are often confronted with doubt in how to deal with a particular clinical situation or what is known about a specific condition. It is often unpractical, if not impossible, to comply with the requirements of a systematic review. A Critically Appraised Topic or CAT, a method of conducting an abbreviated systematic review, can be a good alternative. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: G.M.A. Beckers, K. Herbst, M kaefer, L. Harper, M. Castagnetti, D. Bagli, N. Kalfa, M. Fossum, ESPU Research Committee Tags: Educational Article Source Type: research

Ureteroscopic lithotripsy for ureteral stones in children using holmium: yag laser energy: results of a multicentric survey
Holmium:YAG (Ho:YAG) laser lithotripsy has broadened the indications for ureteroscopic stone managements in adults, but few evidence are currently available in the pediatric population. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: C. Esposito, L. Masieri, V. Bagnara, B. Tokar, A. Golebiewski, M. Escolino Source Type: research

The association of postnatal urinary tract dilation risk score with clinical outcomes
There are limited data on the predictive value of the consensus urinary tract dilation (UTD) score with respect to subsequent clinical diagnoses. We sought to define the relationship between postnatal UTD risk score and clinical outcomes during childhood. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: C.P. Nelson, R.S. Lee, A.T. Trout, S. Servaes, K.H. Kraft, C.E. Barnewolt, T. Logvinenko, J.S. Chow Source Type: research

Open vs robotic infant ureteroureterostomy
The objective of this study is to compare open vs robotic infant UU with regards to operative time, complications, and operative success. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: C.A. Villanueva Source Type: research

The association of postnatal urinary tract dilation (UTD) risk score with clinical outcomes
There are limited data on the predictive value of the consensus urinary tract dilation (UTD) score with respect to subsequent clinical diagnoses. We sought to define the relationship between postnatal UTD risk score and clinical outcomes during childhood. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Caleb P. Nelson, Richard S. Lee, Andrew T. Trout, Sabah Servaes, Kate H. Kraft, Carol E. Barnewolt, Tanya Logvinenko, Jeanne S. Chow Source Type: research

Comprehensive Evaluation of Grafting the Preservable Narrow Plates with consideration of Native Plate Width at Primary Hypospadias Surgery
Dorsal inlay graft urethroplasty using inner-face preputial graft was described as an adjunct method to the classic tubularized incised plate urethroplasty, aiming at reducing the risk of neourethral stenosis. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Hamed M. Seleim, Mohammed S. ElSheemy, Yousef Abdalazeem, Khaled S. Abdullateef, Mohamed A. Arafa, Ahmed M. Shouman, Hesham Elsaket, Sherif N. Kaddah, Mohamed M. Elbarbary Source Type: research

Open versus Robotic Infant Ureteroureterostomy
The objective of this study is to compare open versus robotic infant UU with regards to operative time, complications and operative success. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Carlos A. Villanueva Source Type: research

Ureteroscopic lithotripsy for ureteral stones in children using holmium:yag laser energy: results of a multicentric survey
Holmium:YAG (Ho:YAG) laser lithotripsy has broadened the indications for ureteroscopic stone managements in adults but few evidence is currently available in the pediatric population. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 8, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ciro Esposito, Lorenzo Masieri, Vincenzo Bagnara, Baran Tokar, Andrzej Golebiewski, Maria Escolino Source Type: research

Pediatric Urology in Ibero-America: Origin and Current Status
Prior to the 1960s, pediatric urology in Ibero-America (Latin America, Spain and Portugal) was a weakly defined subspecialty practiced by those who had interest in the area: general surgeons, adult urologists, and pediatric surgeons. At this same time, pediatric urology was an emerging subspecialty of pediatric surgery or general urology in Europe and the United States. Towards the end of the 1950s and the beginning of the 1960s, a few visionary urologists and pediatric surgeons from Latin America traveled overseas to acquire advanced training in pediatric urology, recognizing that a proper training was needed to master th...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 4, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Juan Carlos Prieto, Pedro-Jose Lopez Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Parental Perspectives on Decision-making about Hypospadias Surgery
Many parents who choose hypospadias repair for their son experience decisional conflict and regret. The utilization of a shared decision-making process may address the issue of decisional conflict and regret in hypospadias repair by engaging both parents and physicians in decision-making. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 2, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Katherine H. Chan, Janet Panoch, Aaron Carroll, Sarah Wiehe, Stephen Downs, Mark P. Cain, Richard Frankel Source Type: research

Antimicrobial prophylaxis for urinary tract infections: implications for adherence assessment
Continuous antimicrobial prophylaxis (prophylaxis) is associated with a reduction in recurrent urinary tract infections in children with vesicoureteral reflux. However, adherence to daily medications has been shown to be poor. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 2, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Thomas W. Gaither, Hillary L. Copp Source Type: research

A Societies for Pediatric Urology survey of opioid prescribing practices after ambulatory pediatric urology procedures
Opioid dependence and abuse has been declared a national Public Health Emergency, and overprescribing of opioids after surgery has been identified as a driving factor. To date, opioid prescribing after pediatric urology ambulatory surgery has not been well-described. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 2, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jennifer J. Ahn, Jonathan S. Ellison, Paul A. Merguerian Source Type: research

This month's review: quality improvement and patient safety
The editors of the Journal of Pediatric Urology are introducing a new section to the journal entitled ‘What the Editors are Reading.’ This section will be related to each subsection of our specialty, in which each section editor and selected colleagues will review 2–4 articles from the urological and non-urological literature, which would not likely have passed over your desk and which may be timely and pertinent to our specialty and how we practice. The editor and colleagues will provide their evaluation of the selected article and include an editorial comment as well as a take-home message. (Source: Jou...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: A.A. Caldamone, M.A. Koyle Tags: What the Editors are Reading Source Type: research

This month's review: Quality Improvement and Patient Safety (QIPS)
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: What the Editors are Reading Source Type: research

Editorial
“You miss 100% of the shots you don't take.”Wayne Gretzky (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: A. Caldamone, Y. Heloury, C.D.A. Herndon, P. Hoebeke, D. Wood Source Type: research

Computer-enhanced visual learning: open primary, nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymph node dissection
You may access this CEVL contribution at http://cevlforhealthcare.org/cevl/Products/Urology/JournalOfPediatricUrology/Menu/. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: L. Douglass, E. Kovac, S. Campbell, A. Stephenson, P. Meade, M. Maizels Tags: Computer Enhanced Visual Learning (CEVL) Source Type: research

A potpourri of pediatric urology
It's an honor, but also a challenge, to be invited to contribute to potpourri, after Stuart O'Toole's (and others) amazingly entertaining and educational pieces which have been published over the past decade and a half. I am certain that Chris Cooper will indeed carry that baton and run with it successfully for a similar time period. I thank Stuart for educating me via his columns  on the nuances of gin making, in particular flavored varieties. Sloe gin, for instance, a UK Christmastime essential, was introduced in the 17th century as land enclosure became common and sloe bushes became useful as way of ‘natural&...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: M.A. Koyle Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Expert opinion: open primary, nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymph node dissection
Teaching trainees any surgery can be difficult as it requires ‘hands-on’ experience which can be difficult with actual patients in a clinical environment. That difficulty is only made more so in situations where the surgery in question is rare and/or complex. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is just such an example of a rare surgery that is ve ry technically demanding. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - May 1, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: N.G. Cost Tags: Computer Enhanced Visual Learning (CEVL) Source Type: research

Commentary to “Distribution of a photographic atlas did not reduce postoperative care utilization following pediatric circumcision; or, the indispensability of the pediatric urology clinic nurse”
We congratulate the author group on performing a pilot study to evaluate the effect of a photographic atlas on reducing postoperative resource utilization and caregiver anxiety. They found that the majority of concerns were unrelated to penile appearance and concluded that the atlas did not significantly reduce the need for postoperative urologic nursing calls or resource utilization [1]. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 30, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: M.E. Chua, J.M. Ming Source Type: research

Neurogenic bladder in the settings of Congenital Zika Syndrome: a confirmed and unknown condition for urologists
We reported the first cases of Neurogenic bladder (NB) as a sequalae of CZS in neurologically impaired children. Our goal is to further evaluate NB in the setting of CZS, identifying urological risk indicators in hopes that early diagnosis will mitigate the impact of the disease. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 30, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Lucia M. Costa Monteiro, Glaura N. de O. Cruz, Juliana M. Fontes, Grace Ferreira de Araujo, Tayane Ventura, Ana C. Monteiro, Maria Elizabeth L. Moreira Source Type: research

Commentary to “Distribution of a photographic atlas did not reduce post-operative care utilization following pediatric circumcision; or, the indispensability of the pediatric urology clinic nurse”
We congratulate the author group on performing a pilot study to evaluate the effect of a photographic atlas on reducing postoperative resource utilization and caregiver anxiety. They found that the majority of concerns were unrelated to penile appearance and concluded that the atlas did not significantly reduce the need for postoperative urologic nursing calls or resource utilization (1). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 30, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Michael E. Chua, Jessica M. Ming Source Type: research

A novel approach for an old debate in management of ureterocele: long-term outcomes of double-puncture technique
To date, the optimal surgical technique for ureterocele complex remains unclear and a diverse range of management options have been suggested. Some endoscopic approaches share major drawbacks such as de novo vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) into ureterocele moiety that can mandate revision surgery. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 29, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Behnam Nabavizadeh, Reza Nabavizadeh, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh Source Type: research

Trends in surgical management of multicystic dysplastic kidney at USA children's hospitals
Multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) is a congenital renal cystic disease often incidentally diagnosed in children. Historically, children with MCDK underwent early nephrectomy because of concerns for the development of hypertension or malignancy. Over the last decade, management recommendations have not supported routine early surgical removal of MCDK. The study authors sought to determine the current trends in the use of nephrectomy for MCDK in US children's hospitals because national practice patterns have not been investigated. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 29, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: C.T. Brown, Y.V. Sebasti ão, D.J. McLeod Source Type: research

A Novel Approach for an Old Debate in Management of Ureterocele: Long-Term Outcomes of Double Puncture Technique
To date, the optimal surgical technique for ureterocele complex remains unclear and a diverse range of management options have been suggested. Some endoscopic approaches share major drawbacks such as de-novo vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) into ureterocele moiety that can mandate revision surgery. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 29, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Behnam Nabavizadeh, Reza Nabavizadeh, Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh Source Type: research

Trends in Surgical Management of Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney at U.S. Children ’s Hospitals
and Objective: Multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) is a congenital renal cystic disease often incidentally diagnosed in children. Historically, children with MCDK underwent early nephrectomy due to concerns for the development of hypertension or malignancy. Over the last decade, management recommendations have not supported routine early surgical removal of MCDK. We sought to determine the current trends in the use of nephrectomy for MCDK in US children ’s hospitals, as national practice patterns have not been investigated. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 29, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christopher T. Brown, Yuri V. Sebasti ão, Daryl J. McLeod Source Type: research

Randomized open-label trial comparing topical prescription triamcinolone to over-the-counter hydrocortisone for the treatment of phimosis
Phimosis is a common condition affecting most infant boys and generally resolves over time without symptoms. Severe cases of phimosis can lead to balanoposthitis, urinary tract infections, and urinary retention. Medical treatment for symptomatic phimosis includes topical corticosteroids with manual foreskin retraction. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 28, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: J.D. Chamberlin, C. Dorgalli, A. Abdelhalim, C.A. Davis-Dao, C.L. Chalmers, M.S. Kelly, Z.T. Wang, K-W. Chuang, I.M. McAleer, H.A. Stephany, E.J. Wehbi, A.E. Khoury Source Type: research

Randomized Open Label Trial Comparing Topical Prescription Triamcinolone to Over-the-Counter Hydrocortisone for the Treatment of Phimosis
Phimosis is a common condition affecting most infant boys and generally resolves over time without symptoms. Severe cases of phimosis can lead to balanoposthitis, urinary tract infections, and urinary retention. Medical treatment for symptomatic phimosis includes topical corticosteroids with manual foreskin retraction. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 28, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Joshua D. Chamberlin, Crystal Dorgalli, Ahmed Abdelhalim, Carol A. Davis-Dao, Christina L. Chalmers, Maryellen S. Kelly, Peter (Zhan Tao) Wang, Kai-wen Chuang, Irene M. McAleer, Heidi A. Stephany, Elias J. Wehbi, Antoine E. Khoury Source Type: research

Community engagement of adolescents in the development of a patient-centered outcome tool for adolescents with a history of hypospadias repair
Hypospadias may lead to long-term issues with urination, sexual function and psychosocial well-being. Limited evidence exists regarding the healthcare communication preferences of male adolescents regarding sensitive topics. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 27, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: K.H. Chan, J. Panoch, A. Carroll, S. Downs, M.P. Cain, R. Frankel, B. Cockrum, C. Moore, S. Wiehe Source Type: research

Transitioning young adults with neurogenic bladder —Are providers asking too much?
Significant numbers of young adults with chronic health conditions fail to transition. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 27, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: J.D. Roth, K.M. Szymanski, E.J. Ferguson, M.P. Cain, R. Misseri Source Type: research