Modified Heitz –Boyer–Hovelacque rectal bladder in children: Reassuring histology after median follow-up of 10.5 years
The surgical management of urinary bladder exstrophy is still challenging for the scientific community of pediatric surgeons. There are many surgical procedures available: primary closure, delayed closure (staged procedure), or urinary diversion (internal or external) [1 –3]. At our center, a cohort of patients with residual or recurrent urinary incontinence following unoperated or failed bladder exstrophy surgery was managed with the Heitz–Boyer–Hovelacque rectal bladder technique. This is an unusual choice because patients are exposed to possible complicatio ns due to admixture of feces and urine that i...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 6, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Rossella Angotti, Francesco Molinaro, Francesco Ferrara, Edoardo Bindi, Margherita Aglian ò, Adrian Bianchi, Mario Messina Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Paediatric cystolitholapaxy through the Mitrofanoff/Monti channel
This study presented a two centre series of children treated by cystolitholapaxy via the Mitrofanoff/Monti channel. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 3, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: J.S. Thomas, N. Smeulders, F. Yankovic, S. Undre, I. Mushtaq, P.-J. L ópez, P. Cuckow Source Type: research

Characteristics, treatment decisions and outcomes of prepubertal testicular germ cell tumor: A descriptive analysis from a large Chinese center
Prepubertal testicular tumors are fundamentally distinct from their postpubertal and adult counterparts. Racial and ethnic differences contribute to the incidence, characteristics, and histological distribution of prepubertal testicular germ cell tumors (PTGCTs). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: P. Liu, W. Li, H.C. Song, L.L. Jiao, W.P. Zhang, N. Sun Source Type: research

Characteristics, treatment decisions and outcomes of prepubertal testicular germ cell tumor: a descriptive analysis from a large Chinese center
Prepubertal testicular tumors are fundamentally distinct from their postpubertal and adult counterparts. Racial and ethnic differences contribute to the incidence, characteristics, and histological distribution of prepubertal testicular germ cell tumors (PTGCTs). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 2, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: P. Liu, W. Li, H. Song, L. Jiao, W. Zhang, N. Sun Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Featuring: Comparative effectiveness of a pilot patient-centered ultrasound report in the management of hydronephrosis
In the October edition of the Pediatric Urology Journal Club a pilot patient-centered ultrasound report for hydronephrosis was discussed [1]. Authors Geolani Dy (@GeolaniDy), Jonathan Ellison (@jon_ellison), and Paul Merguerian (@MerguerianP) joined the discussion. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Diana Cardona-Grau, Christopher E. Bayne Tags: Pediatric Urology Journal Club Source Type: research

Featuring: Ultrasound guided ureteroscopy in children: Safety and success
In December 2017 the Pediatric Urology Journal Club discussed a report from Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in which the authors describe their initial experience performing ultrasound (US)-guided ureteroscopy (US-URS) in children [1]. Authors Jason Van Batavia (@urojvb), Christopher Long (@clonguro), and Aseem Shukla (@aseemrshukla) joined the discussion [2]. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christopher E. Bayne, Diana Cardona-Grau Tags: Pediatric Urology Journal Club Source Type: research

Featuring: Prospective study of enhanced recovery after surgery protocol in children undergoing reconstructive operations
The March Pediatric Urology Journal Club featured the initial report from Children's Hospital Colorado on an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol for children undergoing  reconstructive surgery [1]. First author Kyle Rove (@kylerove) joined the discussion [2]. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Christopher E. Bayne, Diana Cardona-Grau Tags: Pediatric Urology Journal Club Source Type: research

Featuring: Implications of fellowship expansion on future pediatric urologist surgical volumes
The February Pediatric Urology Journal Club featured a look at the impact of the current number of pediatric urology fellowship training positions future case volumes [1]. Authors Travis Groth (@groth_travis), Christopher Cooper (@coopeduro) and John Kryger (@johnkryger3) joined the discussion [2]. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Diana Cardona-Grau, Christopher E. Bayne Tags: Pediatric Urology Journal Club Source Type: research

Editorial
“To teach is to learn twice.” – Joseph Joubert. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Anthony Caldamone, Yves Heloury, C.D. Anthony Herndon, Piet Hoebeke, Dan Wood Source Type: research

Expert opinion: “1 Voice” elements of prenatal urological consultation
Lower urinary tract abnormalities are perhaps the most commonly identified findings on prenatal ultrasounds. Challenges in the past have been lack of consensus as to how to classify these findings and then correlate them with long-term outcomes to help with the prenatal counseling about prenatal and postnatal management. Using a web-based Computer Enhance Visual Learning (CEVL) approach to this problem, the authors have created a unique method to learn these skills and enhance our understanding for fetal urologic consultations. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Mark Johnson Source Type: research

CEVL interactive – “1-Voice”: Shared checklist for prenatal urological consultation
This CEVL contribution is the final part of a three part series on transitional care for urological findings first noted Antenatally which are then followed by Postnatal management. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - April 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Max Maizels, Edward M. Gong, Patrick Meade, LaTasha D. Nelson, Jeffrey S. Dungan Tags: CEVL Source Type: research

Bladder scan accuracy in pediatric patients: Does patient position matter?
Despite its widespread use in pediatric urology clinics, portable bladder scanning is an insufficiently studied tool that lacks standardized protocols. Workflow at the present clinic can be impeded by scanning in the supine position, due to multiple trips to the restroom and back to the exam room. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: J.M. Zillioux, S.T. Corbett, E. Hunter, N.G. Kern Source Type: research

Role of surgery in localized initially unresectable neuroblastoma
Evaluating the role of surgery and the extent of tumor resection on the outcome of patients with localized initially unresectable neuroblastoma (NB). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Gehad Ahmed, Mohamed Fawzy, Salma Elmenawi, Hossam Elzomor, Yasser Yosif, Naglaa Elkinaai, Amal Refaat, Mohamed Hegazy, Maged El Shafiey Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Is donor age 6 years or less related to increased risk of surgical complications in pediatric kidney transplantation?
Despite the widespread organ shortage dilemma, there is hesitancy regarding utilization of young donors (aged ≤6 years) because previous reports have suggested that this is associated with an increased risk of surgical complications and graft loss. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: R. Gander, M. Asensio, J.A. Molino, G.F. Royo, G. Ariceta, M. Mu ñoz, M. López Source Type: research

Bladder scan accuracy in pediatric patients: does patient position matter?
Despite its ubiquitous use in pediatric urology clinics, bladder scanning is an insufficiently studied tool that lacks standardized protocols. Workflow at the present clinic can be impeded by scanning in the supine position, due to multiple trips to the restroom and back to the exam room. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: J.M. Zillioux, S.T. Corbett, E. Hunter, N.G. Kern Source Type: research

Role of surgery in localized initially unresectable neuroblastoma
Evaluating the role of surgery and the extent of tumor resection on the outcome of patients with localized initially unresectable neuroblastoma (NB). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Gehad Ahmed, Mohamed Fawzy, Salma Elmenawi, Hossam Elzomor, Yasser Yosif, Naglaa Elkinaai, Amal Refaat, Mohamed Hegazy, Maged El Shafiey Source Type: research

Is donor age 6 years or less related to increased risk of surgical complications in pediatric kidney transplantation?
Despite the widespread organ shortage dilemma, there is hesitancy regarding utilization of young donors (aged ≤6 years) because previous reports have suggested that this is associated with an increased risk of surgical complications and graft loss. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 31, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: R. Gander, M. Asensio, J.A. Molino, G.F. Royo, G. Ariceta, M. Mu ñoz, M. López Source Type: research

A needs analysis and guide for interpretation of voiding cystourethrogram for trainees
The voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is a flagship pediatric urological test which is done to make diagnoses and formulate managements of many common conditions such as urine infection and hydronephrosis, along with monitoring of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) disease. While detecting abnormalities in a VCUG study is important in diagnosis, the clinical context of why the study was ordered, an understanding of a normal VCUG study, as well as how the study is performed are important in clinical management and decision making. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Adam S. Howe, Max Maizels, Lane S. Palmer Tags: CEVL Source Type: research

CEVL Editorial A needs analysis and guide for interpretation of voiding cystourethrogram for trainees
The voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is a flagship pediatric urological test which is done to make diagnoses and formulate managements of many common conditions such as urine infection and hydronephrosis, along with monitoring of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) disease. While detecting abnormalities in a VCUG study is important in diagnosis, the clinical context of why the study was ordered, an understanding of a normal VCUG study, as well as how the study is performed are important in clinical management and decision making. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Adam S. Howe, Max Maizels, Lane S. Palmer Source Type: research

How to close classic bladder exstrophy: Are subspecialty training and technique important?
Successful primary closure is one of the main factors for achieving continence in a classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) patient. Even with contemporary management, patients still have failed primary closures. We sought to understand the role of training, surgical technique, and their impacts on outcomes of CBE closure. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Brian M. Inouye, J. Todd Purves, Jonathan C. Routh, Mahir Maruf, Daniel Friedlander, John Jayman, John P. Gearhart Source Type: research

Predictive ability of Guy's stone score in pediatric patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy
Several authors have evaluated, in a number of external validation and predominantly adult studies, Guy's stone score (GSS) as a predictive tool for the assessment of stone clearance after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). However, there are limited and conflicting data investigating whether GSS could be a potential independent factor associated with residual stone rates and complications of PCNL for children. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: C. Senocak, R. Ozbek, Y.E. Yildirim, O.F. Bozkurt, A. Unsal Source Type: research

Urinary antimicrobial peptides: potential novel biomarkers of obstructive uropathy
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have historically been evaluated for their role in protecting against uropathogens. However, there is mounting evidence to support their expression in noninfectious injury, with unclear meaning as to their function. It is possible that AMPs represent urothelial injury. Urinary tract obstruction is known to alter the urothelium; however, AMPs have not been evaluated for expression in this noninfectious injury. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: S. Gupta, A.R. Jackson, D.G. Dajusta, D.J. McLeod, S.A. Alpert, V.R. Jayanthi, K. McHugh, A.R. Schwaderer, B. Becknell, C.B. Ching Source Type: research

Surgical management of genitourinary lichen sclerosus et atrophicus in boys in England: a 10-year review of practices and outcomes
Circumcision has long been the mainstay of management for genitourinary lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LS); however, there has been growing interest in surgical techniques that preserve the foreskin. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Patrick A. Green, George S. Bethell, David J. Wilkinson, Simon E. Kenny, Harriet J. Corbett Source Type: research

CEVL Editorial A needs analysis and guide for interpretation of voiding cystourethrogram for trainees
The voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG) is a flagship pediatric urological test which is done to make diagnoses and formulate managements of many common conditions such as urine infection and hydronephrosis, along with monitoring of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) disease. While detecting abnormalities in a VCUG study is important in diagnosis, the clinical context of why the study was ordered, an understanding of a normal VCUG study, as well as how the study is performed are important in clinical management and decision making. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Adam S. Howe, Max Maizels, Lane S. Palmer Source Type: research

How to close classic bladder exstrophy: are subspecialty training and technique important?
Successful primary closure is one of the main factors for achieving continence in a classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) patient. Even with contemporary management, patients still have failed primary closures. We sought to understand the role of training, surgical technique, and their impacts on outcomes of CBE closure. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Brian M. Inouye, J. Todd Purves, Jonathan C. Routh, Mahir Maruf, Daniel Friedlander, John Jayman, John P. Gearhart Source Type: research

Predictive ability of Guy's stone score in pediatric patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy
Several authors have evaluated, in a number of external validation and predominantly adult studies, Guy ’s stone score (GSS) as a predictive tool for the assessment of stone clearance after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). However, there are limited and conflicting data investigating whether GSS could be a potential independent factor associated with residual stone rates and complications of PCN L for children. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: C. Senocak, R. Ozbek, Y.E. Yildirim, O.F. Bozkurt, A. Unsal Source Type: research

Urinary antimicrobial peptides: potential novel biomarkers of obstructive uropathy
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have historically been evaluated for their role in protecting against uropathogens. However, there is mounting evidence to support their expression in noninfectious injury, with unclear meaning as to their function. It is possible that AMPs represent urothelial injury. Urinary tract obstruction is known to alter the urothelium; however, AMPs have not been evaluated for expression in this noninfectious injury. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: S. Gupta, A.R. Jackson, D.G. Dajusta, D.J. McLeod, S.A. Alpert, V.R. Jayanthi, K. McHugh, A.R. Schwaderer, B. Becknell, C.B. Ching Source Type: research

Surgical management of genitourinary lichen sclerosus et atrophicus in boys in England: a 10-year review of practices and outcomes
Circumcision has long been the mainstay of management for genitourinary lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LS); however, there has been growing interest in surgical techniques that preserve the foreskin. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 29, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Patrick A. Green, George S. Bethell, David J. Wilkinson, Simon E. Kenny, Harriet J. Corbett Source Type: research

Editorial comment regarding: Prospective multicenter study on robot-assisted laparoscopic extravesical ureteral reimplantation (RALUR-EV): Outcomes and complications
The authors should be commended for their multi-institutional collaboration. Such undertakings are rare in our field and, although very valuable when successfully executed, can present significant logistical challenges. To that end this group has shown that such partnerships can reach meaningful observations regarding important and unanswered questions, and again this is highly laudable. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Patricio C. Gargollo Source Type: research

Combined use of flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy with micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric multiple kidney stones
We investigated the clinical value of treating pediatric multiple kidney stones with extensive distribution using flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy (FUL) combined with micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (micro-PNL). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jun Li, Wenying Wang, Yuan Du, Ye Tian Source Type: research

Editorial Comment regarding: Prospective multicenter study on robot-assisted laparoscopic extravesical ureteral reimplantation (RALUR-EV): outcomes and complications
The authors should be commended for their multi-institutional collaboration. Such undertakings are rare in our field and, although very valuable when successfully executed, can present significant logistical challenges. To that end this group has shown that such partnerships can reach meaningful observations regarding important and unanswered questions, and again this is highly laudable. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Patricio C. Gargollo Source Type: research

Combined use of flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy with micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric multiple kidney stones
We investigated the clinical value of treating pediatric multiple kidney stones with extensive distribution using flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy (FUL) combined with micro-percutaneous nephrolithotomy (micro-PNL). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 27, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jun Li, Wenying Wang, Yuan Du, Ye Tian Source Type: research

Commentary to “Hypospadias repair with the glanular frenular collar (GFC) technique”
In this study, the authors present their operative technique based on a glanular –frenular collar (GFC). The GFC technique includes approximation of the terminal ends of the diverted corpus spongiosum and the dartos tissue of the mucosal collar at the midline, which results in the formation of a septum and a frenulum between the glans wings, similar to the embryologic developm ent of the glans penis [1]. The authors specified that, in general, GFC is not specifically addressed in urethroplasties. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Suleyman Cuneyt Karakus, Naim Koku Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Age-related changes in urinary flow following dorsal inlay graft urethroplasty for hypospadias in early childhood: Potential improvement over 11 years of age
One of the goals of hypospadias repair is to create a neourethra with normal urinary stream and normal growth. Several studies have reported that dorsal inlay graft urethroplasty (DIG) has wide indications for various clinical phenotypes of hypospadias, with good short-term outcomes and few complications. However, there have been no reports that evaluated both short-term and long-term functional outcomes using uroflowmetry in patients with DIG. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Woo Jin Kim, Chihiro Hayashi, Yuichiro Yamazaki Source Type: research

Histological and morphological characteristics of the prepuce of penis skin structure in different age groups
Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital abnormalities in childhood. The number of cases has rapidly grown in recent years. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: A. Dossanova, V. Lozovoy, K. Manekenova, Y. Lozovaya, M. Seidakhmetov, B. Dossanov, T. Omarov, A. Botabaeva, A. Shakeeva, Z. Baubekov Source Type: research

Commentary to “Hypospadias repair with the glanular frenular collar (GFC) technique”
In this study, the authors present their operative technique based on a glanular –frenular collar (GFC). The GFC technique includes approximation of the terminal ends of the diverted corpus spongiosum and the dartos tissue of the mucosal collar at the midline, which results in the formation of a septum and a frenulum between the glans wings, similar to the embryologic developm ent of the glans penis [1]. The authors specified that, in general, GFC is not specifically addressed in urethroplasties. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Suleyman Cuneyt Karakus, Naim Koku Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Commentary to “Hypospadias repair with the glanular–frenular collar (GFC) technique”
In this study, the authors present their operative technique based on a glanular –frenular collar (GFC). The GFC technique includes approximation of the terminal ends of the diverted corpus spongiosum and the dartos tissue of the mucosal collar at the midline, which results in the formation of a septum and a frenulum between the glans wings, similar to the embryologic developm ent of the glans penis [1]. The authors specified that, in general, GFC is not specifically addressed in urethroplasties. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Suleyman Cuneyt Karakus, Naim Koku Source Type: research

Age-related changes in urinary flow following dorsal inlay graft urethroplasty for hypospadias in early childhood: Potential improvement over 11 years of age
One of the goals of hypospadias repair is to create a neourethra with normal urinary stream and normal growth. Several studies have reported that dorsal inlay graft urethroplasty (DIG) has wide indications for various clinical phenotypes of hypospadias, with good short-term outcomes and few complications. However, there have been no reports that evaluated both short-term and long-term functional outcomes using uroflowmetry in patients with DIG. Furthermore, to evaluate the shapes of uroflow quantitatively, the flow index (FI) was used. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Woo Jin Kim, Chihiro Hayashi, Yuichiro Yamazaki Source Type: research

Histological and morphological characteristics of the prepuce of penis skin structure in different age groups
Hypospadias is one of the most common congenital abnormalities in childhood. The number of cases has rapidly grown in recent years. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 26, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: A. Dossanova, V. Lozovoy, K. Manekenova, Y. Lozovaya, M. Seidakhmetov, B. Dossanov, T. Omarov, A. Botabaeva, A. Shakeeva, Z. Baubekov Source Type: research

Incontinence affects health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with spina bifida
Despite devoting many resources to managing urinary and fecal incontinence (UI and FI) in children with spina bifida (SB), it remains unclear whether either is associated with lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL). We sought to determine the impact of UI and FI on HRQOL in this population. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 22, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Konrad M. Szymanski, Mark P. Cain, Benjamin Whittam, Martin Kaefer, Richard C. Rink, Rosalia Misseri Source Type: research

Is the renal pyramidal thickness a good predictor for pyeloplasty in postnatal hydronephrosis?
We evaluated the feasibility and value of renal pyramidal thickness (PT) as a predictor of pyeloplasty in high-grade postnatal hydronephrosis. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Amr Hodhod, John-Paul Capolicchio, Roman Jednak, Hadeel Eid, Abd El-Alim El-Doray, Mohamed El-Sherbiny Source Type: research

Who, where, and why are patients lost to follow-up? A 20-year study of bladder exstrophy patients at a single institution
Individuals with bladder and cloacal exstrophy are at increased risk for kidney disease, renal failure, and bladder complications. Given the social implications and sensitive nature of the disease, these patients are also at risk for psychosocial problems. Lack of regular medical follow-up visits may pose serious risks to their long-term health status. The aim of this study is determine what factors place an affected individual at risk for limited long term follow up. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Emily Haddad, Ahmet Ali Sancaktutar, Blake W. Palmer, Christopher Aston, Bradley P. Kropp Source Type: research

Response to commentary to “Prospective multicenter study on robot-assisted laparoscopic extravesical ureteral reimplantation (RALUR-EV): Outcomes and complications”
Surgical innovation requires rigorous evaluation and herein we have sought to report the true success and complications of RALUR-EV in spite of the expected limitations. We acknowledge that a multi-institutional undertaking will have inherent limitations and variability in practice patterns, and certainly our study is no exception. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: William R. Boysen, Mohan S. Gundeti Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Vascular thrombosis in pediatric kidney transplantation: Graft survival is possible with adequate management
Vascular thrombosis (VT) in pediatric kidney transplantation (KT) is a dreaded event that leads to graft loss in almost 100% of cases. In recent years, VT has become the most common cause of early graft loss. The aim of this study was to analyze our experience in diagnosis and treatment of VT and the impact of a new management protocol on patient outcome. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Urology - March 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Romy Gander, Marino Asensio, Gloria Fatou Royo, Jos é Andrés Molino, Laura García, Alvaro Madrid, Gema Ariceta, Manuel Lopez Tags: Review Article Source Type: research