Personal reflective thoughts about Florence Nightingale
2020 has been proclaimed the Year or the Nurse. Recently I have been working on several projects (including the above article) related to the evolution of the pediatric nurse. In the process, I have had the opportunity to review the lives and experiences of health care pioneers, Florence Nightingale being one. She was nurtured by her parents, especially her father, to do great things. She was provided learning opportunities that usually were limited to males. She was expected to and did excel in science, math, philosophy. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 24, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Sandra Mott Source Type: research

Adolescent autonomous motivation for physical activity: A concept analysis
The purpose of this concept analysis is to develop a clear definition of adolescent autonomous motivation for physical activity (PA) based on all existing theoretical and operational definitions of autonomous motivation noted in the literature. For providers, understanding this is essential to elucidate why some adolescents choose to participate in a health-promoting behavior like PA. Researchers need to identify if they are evaluating autonomous motivation or a different type. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 23, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Karla Palmer, Lorraine B. Robbins, Jiying Ling, Tsui-Sui Annie Kao, Vicki R. Voskuil, Alan L. Smith Source Type: research

Emergency medical identification in patients with chronic medical conditions
Emergency medical identification (EMI) comes in many forms, including jewelry, wallet cards, shoelace tags, seatbelt covers, on smart phones and more recently, tattoos. While some forms of EMI are free of cost, others are expensive with annual membership fees to provide comprehensive medical information 24/7 to emergency personnel. EMI is vital for patients with chronic and/or hidden conditions like seizure disorders, cardiac disease, allergies, adrenal insufficiency (AI), and diabetes. Having EMI improves access to life saving medical care in life-threatening situations. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Rebecca H. Crespi Source Type: research

Investigation of the relationship between maternal attachment and breastfeeding self-efficacy and affecting factors in Turkish sample
This research aimed to investigate the factors affecting the perception of mothers about breastfeeding self-efficacy and their maternal attachment between the fourth and eighth postnatal weeks and their relation. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 21, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: S üreyya Gümüşsoy, Nigar Ardıç Çelik, Özlem Güner, Didem Kıratlı, Şenay Ünsal Atan, Oya Kavlak Source Type: research

Health literacy and health promotion behaviors of adolescents in Turkey
This study was conducted to determine the health literacy and health promotion behaviors of adolescents. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Fatma Ozlem Ozturk, Sultan Ayaz-Alkaya Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Developmental Support Competency Scale for Nurses (DSCS-N)
This study is designed to determine the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Developmental Support Competency Scale for Nurses (DSCS-N). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Ay şe Kahraman, Sibel Serap Ceylan Source Type: research

Nightingale 2020: A contemporary reflection
The year 2020 marks not just the International Year of the Nurse, as proclaimed by the World Health Organization, but also the 200th anniversary of the birth of Florence Nightingale. Throughout the year all nurses should take time to reflect on the many ways Nightingale was a pioneer in advocating for improved health and safety of the population through environmental changes, introducing concepts of prevention and promotion of social justice. Few nurses have read her “Notes on Nursing” or pursued any of her extensive writings, and contributions related to data-driven public health initiatives. (Source: Journal ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Donna Miles Curry Source Type: research

Modified sensory stimulation using breastmilk for reducing pain intensity in neonates in Indonesia: A randomized controlled trial
This study aimed to compare the analgesic effects of SS with sucrose (SSS), SS with breast milk (SSB), and oral sucrose alone (S24%) in neonates undergoing venipuncture. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 10, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Siti Yuyun Rahayu Fitri, Lely Lusmilasari, Mohammad Juffrie, Carlo Valerio Bellieni Source Type: research

Parental self-efficacy and health-related outcomes among children with Hirschsprung disease: A cross-sectional study
Little attention has been put to parental self-efficacy (PSE) on the home care management and its impact on the health-related outcome in children with Hirschsprung disease (HD) after surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between PSE and post-operative outcome and quality of life (QoL) in children with HD. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 10, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Ying Dai, Haiqing Zheng, Huiying Liang, Ruiqiong Li, Menglong Lan, Jixiao Zeng Source Type: research

Experiences of family resource utilization among Taiwanese parents of children with developmental delay
To describe the experiences of the utilization of family resources by parents of children with developmental delay (DD) when receiving early intervention (EI) services. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 10, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Mei-Yin Lee, Tzu-Ying Lee, Ya-Chen Lee Source Type: research

Interprofessional collaboration from hospital to community
This article will touch upon a proposal for making a difference in the lives of our pediatric patients. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 10, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Jacqueline McEuen Source Type: research

Children are at risk from COVID-19
Headlines about shortages of personal protective equipment, “shelter-in-place orders,” and infection, hospitalization and mortality rates dominate our news cycles. While these reports are significant and worthy of attention, the media is missing one of the most consequential stories of the novel coronavirus pandemic – it's potentially devastating effec t on children. Although most children appear to experience less severe physical illness and have much lower mortality rates than other age groups resulting from COVID-19 infection, they remain at substantial risk for negative outcomes given the widespread e...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - May 3, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Eileen K. Fry-Bowers Source Type: research

Related factors of turnover intention among pediatric nurses in mainland China: A structural equation modeling analysis
This study aims to understand factors related to turnover intention among pediatric nurses in mainland China. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - April 29, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Yuanyuan Yang, Jianjun Chen Source Type: research

Parents' perspectives about vaccine hesitancies and vaccine rejection, in the west of Turkey
The aim of this study was to evaluate Turkish parents' perspectives on childhood vaccines. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - April 27, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Nurcan Akbas Gunes Source Type: research

Psychiatric referral is required in children with vaginal foreign body injury: A case-control study from China
The rate of vaginal foreign body (VFB) injury has been increasing in recent years. VFB will cause vaginal inflammation, injury and negative psychological impacts in girls. Our study aimed to elucidate the need of psychological referral in children with VFB. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - April 27, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Liying Sun, Chaoqun Wang, Qiuxiang Shen, Li Zhu, Huihui Gao, Dandan Chen, Lingling Jin Source Type: research

Symptom frequency in children with congenital heart disease and parental care burden in predicting the quality of life of parents in Turkey
This study was conducted to investigate the symptom frequency and parental care burden of the children with congenital heart disease in predicting the quality of life of parents in Turkey. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - April 27, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: İlknur Bektas, Mustafa Kır, Kaan Yıldız, Zeynep Genç, Murat Bektas, Nurettin Ünal Source Type: research

S.O.S! My child is at school: A hermeneutic of the experience of living a chronic disease in the school environment
The purpose of the present study is to understand the experience of living a chronic disease in the school, from the perspective of the parents. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - April 22, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Irene Nieto-Eugenio, Pedro E. Ventura-Puertos, Manuel Rich-Ruiz Source Type: research

Turkish neonatal nurses' knowledge and practices regarding the transition to oral feeding in preterm infants: A descriptive, cross-sectional study
Neonatal nurses play an important role in preterm infants' safe and successful transition to oral feeding. Little is known about neonatal nurses' knowledge and practices regarding the transition to oral feeding in preterm infants. The aim of this study was to determine neonatal nurses' knowledge levels and clinical practices related to the process of transitioning preterm infants to oral feeding. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - April 20, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Burcu Aykanat Girgin, Duygu G özen Source Type: research

The COVID-19 pandemic: Technology use to support the wellbeing of children
With the publication of this column, hopefully the world emerges from the quarantine of the COVID-19 pandemic. In March of 2020 with the onslaught of the virus, the lives of working adults changed exponentially, and so did the lives of children. COVID-19 disrupted life as we know it, the effects of which we may be only beginning to realize. It would not be unusual if adults and children felt an impact on their sense of wellbeing throughout this time. Lack of support, trauma, unhelpful thinking styles, chronic illness/disability, and substance use compromises wellbeing in adults (Roddick, 2016). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - April 16, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Karen Goldschmidt Source Type: research

Translational research – Parents and pediatric nurses promoting children's health in primary care and during hospitalization
Creating a caring and nurturing environment for children is the central role of parents. Parents promote the health of their children at home and in primary care, as well as during hospitalization. Further, parents nurture children by promoting their growth and development (Christian, 2011). Pediatric nurses create collaborative partnerships with parents to create a nurturing environment for children and families while providing quality pediatric nursing care in primary care settings and during hospitalization (Christian, 2011, 2013). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - April 10, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Becky J. Christian Source Type: research

Everything old is new again: COVID-19 and public health
In the fall of 1918, the influenza pandemic tore across the world. Public health nurses in cities throughout this country cared for some of the most vulnerable —sick children and families from poor communities, their fragile economies further devastated by this scourge. At that time, nurses' practices were governed by Florence Nightingale's precepts of good hygiene, nutrition, fresh air, and rest. They worked to do right by their patients, but their abil ity to make a difference was tempered by the lack of existing knowledge and resources needed to provide the most efficacious care possible. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - April 7, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Judith A. Vessey, Cecily L. Betz Source Type: research

Turkish validation of the MISSCARE survey – Pediatric version
To conduct Turkish validity and reliability study of the MISSCARE Survey-Pediatric version identifying the missed nursing care in pediatric units and its reasons. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - April 4, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Mujde Calikusu Incekar, Öznur İspir, Betül Sönmez, Melek Selalmaz, Şerife Kartal Erdost Source Type: research

Parental experiences of continuous glucose monitoring in Danish children with type 1 diabetes mellitus
To explore parents ‘experience of having a child aged 4–9 years with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) using continuous glucose monitor (CGM). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 31, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Helle Haslund-Thomsen, Line Aagaard Hasselbalch, Britt Laugesen Source Type: research

Adolescents' perceptions of living with co-existing ADHD and medical disorder in Denmark
The study aim was to explore adolescents' with co-existing ADHD and medical disorder (MD) perceptions of everyday life and support from parents and healthcare professionals. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 27, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Helle Enggaard, Britt Laugesen, Vibeke Zoffmann, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen, Rikke J ørgensen Source Type: research

Construct validity and reliability of the Chinese version Personal Adjustment and Role Skills Scale III for adolescents with chronic disease
This study aimed to develop a Chinese version Personal Adjustment and Role Skills Scale III for Adolescents (C-PARSIII-A) with chronic disease and to examine its construct validity and reliability. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 24, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Shu-Li Lee, Shu-Yuan Lin, Hsun-Kuei Ko, Yea-Yan Liu Source Type: research

Difficulties experienced by Turkish parents and their coping strategies: Children with Mucopolysaccharidosis
The purpose of this study is to determine the parents' lived experiences whose children have Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) by using Husserl's phenomenology. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 23, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: M ürşide Zengin, Emriye Hilal Yayan, Ayşehan Akıncı Source Type: research

Blood samples from established peripheral intravenous catheters
This article is a good example of the commitment by SPN members to improve practice in a systematic rigorous process. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 23, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan B. Fowler, Kristina Watterson, Maggie Jo Hauck, Shannon Melville, Laura Surat Source Type: research

A resilience framework for addressing self-management in high risk adolescents with diabetes
Rates and prevalence of pediatric Type 1 diabetes (T1D) are increasing disproportionately among racial/ethnic minority adolescents, as compared to non-Hispanic whites (Imperatore, Boyle, Thompson, et al., 2012). Poor diabetes related self-management (SM), leading to poor glucose control, can have irreversible health consequences and is associated with poor transition to adult management (Owen& Beskine, 2008). T1D is one of the most demanding pediatric chronic illnesses in terms of SM (Naranjo, Mulvaney, McGrath, Garnero,& Hood, 2014). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 21, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Jennifer Morone Source Type: research

Quality of life and health services utilization for Spanish children with cerebral palsy
To examine the health-related quality of life of children with cerebral palsy and its relationship with their use of health resources, taking into account sociodemographic factors concerning the family context. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 19, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Bibiana P érez-Ardanaz, José Miguel Morales-Asencio, Álvaro León-Campos, Shakira Kaknani-Uttumchandani, Inmaculada López-Leiva, José Miguel Garcia-Piñero, Celia Martí-García, Silvia García-Mayor Source Type: research

Maternal caregiving for children newly diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Traditional Chinese mothering as the double-edged sword
To explore the meaning of maternal caregiving in the Chinese culture for children newly diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 18, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Chun-Fei Chen, Fang-Liang Huang, Yueh-Chih Chen, I-Fan Wang, Yu-Ping Huang Source Type: research

The effects of cartoon assisted endoscopy preparation package on children's fear and anxiety levels and parental satisfaction in Turkey
The study was conducted to determine the effect of the cartoon-assisted preparation package, developed for children undergoing an endoscopy procedure, on children's fear and anxiety levels and parental satisfaction. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 13, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Semra K öse, Duygu Arıkan Source Type: research

Experiences of fathers of young children with severe congenital heart defects in Korea: A qualitative descriptive study
This qualitative descriptive study sought to explore the experiences of fathers of children with severe congenital heart defects (CHDs) in Korea. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 13, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Ji-Hye Hwang, Sun-Mi Chae Source Type: research

What's in a name?
Department Editor's Note (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 13, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Donna Miles Curry, Wendi Smith Source Type: research

How race car technology keeps babies safe
Although a pregnant mother may plan to deliver an infant with a trained provider at a hospital, birth center, or home, there are times that infants arrive unexpectedly. For the majority of women in the US, an in-hospital-birth is the standard of care that is covered by insurance and Medicaid (MacDorman& Declercq, 2019). When a newborn arrives precipitously without the presence of a health care provider, generally both the infant and the mother are transported to a hospital by ambulance to ensure proper postpartum care. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 6, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Dana C. Kemery, Karen Goldschmidt, Lisa Krause Source Type: research

Perceptions of health and illness: A qualitative study of Jordanian mothers
To explore: 1) the perceptions of Jordanian mothers of their children's health and illness; and 2) the strategies of Jordanian mothers regarding disease prevention and health promotion. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 5, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Abeer M. Shaheen, Khaldoun M. Hamdan, Omayyah S. Nassar, Areej khaleel Othman, Arwa Zumot, Lily Marmash Source Type: research

The effects of a continuous olfactory stimulation using breast milk (COSB) on behavioral state and physiological responses in Korean premature infants
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of continuous olfactory stimulation with breast milk (COSB) on behavioral and physiologic states of Korean premature infants. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 5, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Young Ah Park, Yeo Jin Im Source Type: research

Relationship between quality of life and social support in parents of children with congenital anorectal malformations in China
This study aimed to explore the quality of life (QOL) and social support of parents of children with congenital anorectal malformation (ARM), and to examine the relationship between them. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 5, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Jing Li, Wei Gao, Wei Zuo, Xiang Liu Source Type: research

Development and psychometric evaluation of the cardiovascular health behavior scale for children
The aim of this study was to develop a cardiovascular health behavior scale for children and to assess its psychometric properties. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 4, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Isa Cel ık, Murat Bektas Source Type: research

“A bridge over troubled water”: Nurses' leadership in establishing young adults' trust upon the transition to adult renal-care - a dual-perspective qualitative study
Patient trust is strongly related to adherence, but has not been tested in transitional care. Low adherence post-transitions of young adults from pediatrics to adult renal care jeopardizes transplanted kidneys and quality of life. We aimed at identifying barriers to trust of young adults in nurses and trust-building elements upon and post transition. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 2, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Gillie Gabay (Gillie), Mahdi Tarabeih Source Type: research

Orginal article: Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the healthy lifestyle belief scale for adolescents
This study aims to extend this instrument by evaluating its validity and reliability in Turkish adolescents. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 2, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Asl ı Akdeniz Kudubeş, Murat Bektas Source Type: research

The effect of nursing care provided to Turkish mothers of infants born with cleft lip and palate on maternal attachment and self-efficacy: A quasi-experimental study
The present study evaluated the effect of the nursing care provided to the mothers of the infants born with a cleft lip and palate (CLP) until the time of cleft palate (CP) repair surgery, on maternal attachment and self-efficacy. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 2, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Sevil Çınar, Gulten Koc Source Type: research

2020 International Year of the Nurse and Midwife and the 30th Anniversary of the Society of Pediatric Nurses
This year, 2020 has been proclaimed as the International Year of the Nurse and Midwife by the global organizations of the World Health Organization (WHO), International Confederation of Midwives (ICM), International Council of Nurses (ICN), Nursing Now and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Here in the United States, the ANA Enterprise composed of the American Nurses Association (ANA) (Grant, 2019), the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), and the American Nurses Foundation (ANF) will celebrate and showcase nursing ’s contributions to health and well-being of the public. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 1, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Cecily L. Betz Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Board of Directors
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 1, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 1, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 1, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Information for Authors
(Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 1, 2020 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

2020:International Year of the Nurse and Midwife and the 30th Anniversary of the Society of Pediatric Nurses
This year, 2020 has been proclaimed as the International Year of the Nurse and Midwife by the global organizations of the World Health Organization (WHO), International Confederation of Midwives (ICM), International Council of Nurses (ICN), Nursing Now and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Here in the United States, the ANA Enterprise composed of the American Nurses Association (ANA) (Grant, 2019), the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), and the American Nurses Foundation (ANF) will celebrate and showcase nursing ’s contributions to health and well-being of the public. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - March 1, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Cecily L. Betz Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Health professionals' perceptions and practice of family centred care for children injured in road traffic accidents: A qualitative study in Ghana
The Family Centered Care (FCC) model is widely recognized as the standard for pediatric care practice in the context of families and hospitalized children. Healthcare professionals' knowledge of the FCC model is therefore central to its successful implementation. Nonetheless, there is paucity of scholarship in the Ghanaian context, regarding professionals' knowledge and practice of FCC. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - February 26, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Lillian Akorfa Ohene, Kevin J. Power, Raghavan Raghu Source Type: research

Finnish parents' responsibilities for their infant's care when they stayed in a single family room in a neonatal intensive care unit
To describe parents' perceptions of their responsibilities for their infant's care during admission to a single family room in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - February 18, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Hanna-Kaisa Pellikka, Tarja P ölkki, Ulla Sankilampi, Mari Kangasniemi Source Type: research

A fun way to learn about diabetes: Using therapeutic play in a Brazilian camp
This study describes how Instructional Therapeutic Play (ITP) group sessions held by nurses in a Brazilian camp can enhance youth's understanding about T1D. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Nursing - February 13, 2020 Category: Nursing Authors: Rebecca Ortiz La Banca, Maria Carolina de Moraes Brand ão, Valéria de Cássia Sparapani, Neila Santini de Souza, Eliane Tatsch Neves, Maria Gabriela Secco Cavicchioli, Regina Aparecida Garcia de Lima, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento Source Type: research