Transient hemiparesis: A rare complication of phenytoin intoxication
Mukesh Yadav, Pooja Dewan, Priyanka Jaiswal, Sunil GomberJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2019 14(1):58-59 (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Mukesh Yadav Pooja Dewan Priyanka Jaiswal Sunil Gomber Source Type: research

Acute syringomyelia: A complication of tubercular meningitis
Sudipta Mohakud, Nerbadyswari Deep, Suprava NaikJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2019 14(1):57-58 (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sudipta Mohakud Nerbadyswari Deep Suprava Naik Source Type: research

Macroscopic and microscopic perfusion changes in hemispheric status epilepticus with cross cerebellar diaschisis
Sameer Vyas, Vikas Bhatia, Gargi Dass, Naveen SankhyanJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2019 14(1):55-56Hemispheric status epilepticus showing both macroscopic (MR angiography) and microscopic (arterial spin labelling) perfusion abnormalities with crossed cerebellar diachisis is an unusual and interesting phenomenon, which occurs following sequelae of various insults. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sameer Vyas Vikas Bhatia Gargi Dass Naveen Sankhyan Source Type: research

Arterial ischemic stroke in a child with internal carotid artery hypoplasia and protein S deficiency
We report a 7-year-old boy who presented with AIS and had a history of two transient ischemic attacks in the past 2 years. He was diagnosed to have congenital HICA. However, further evaluation revealed the presence of protein S deficiency as well. This case reemphasizes the need for investigation into multifactorial causation of pediatric AIS in every case. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Rekha Gupta Roosy Aulakh Abhimanyu Tiwari Source Type: research

Isolated langerhans cell histiocytosis masquerading as intradural extramedullary meningioma: Review on histiocytic disorders of spine
Suyash Singh, Arushi Kumar, Satyadeo Pandey, Raj Kumar, Ipra Singh, Niraj KumariJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2019 14(1):46-51The histiocytic disorders are pathological diagnosis and rarely affects spine. The spinal involvement is characterized by lytic lesions and painful symptoms. Isolated intradural extramedullary involvement is rare presentation. A 15-year-old female patient presented with nontraumatic cervical compressive myelopathy and was operated electively with preoperative diagnosis of meningioma. The histopathology was surprisingly Langerhans cell histiocytosis. In lineage of histiocytic development, the La...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Suyash Singh Arushi Kumar Satyadeo Pandey Raj Kumar Ipra Singh Niraj Kumari Source Type: research

Organophosphorus-induced toxic myeloneuropathy: Series of three adolescent patients with short review
We report a series of three adolescent patients who came to our hospital with delayed neurological manifestations of organophosphorus poisoning, which came out to be OP-induced myeloneuropathy after detailed analysis and evaluation. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Priyabrata Nayak Ashok K Mallick Shubhankar Mishra Debasish Panigrahy Source Type: research

Subcutaneous immunoglobulin in infantile chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy: A case report
Paola Cianci, Silvia Salvatore, Alex Moretti, Angela Berardinelli, Alessandro Salvatoni, Maddalena Marinoni, Massimo AgostiJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2019 14(1):38-41Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a chronically progressive or relapsing sensorimotor disorder presumably due to antibody-mediated reactions. It is a rare condition in children, with estimated prevalence as 0.48 per 100,000 among patients younger than 20 years of age. Recommended treatments include immune modulators, intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIgs), steroids, and plasmapheresis. Management of pediatric CIDP is challenging ...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Paola Cianci Silvia Salvatore Alex Moretti Angela Berardinelli Alessandro Salvatoni Maddalena Marinoni Massimo Agosti Source Type: research

Late-onset citrullinemia type I: A radiological mimic of herpes encephalitis
We describe a 10 year old boy who presented with acute onset rapidly progressing encephalopathy. MRI revealed bilateral insular cortex and basifrontal involvement suggesting Herpes encephalitis. He was treated with acyclovir and his symptoms improved. Six months after the first hospitalization he reported back with two episodes of partial seizures. He was started on Valproate. A week after starting valproate he was readmitted with hyperammonemic encephalpathy, on further investigations Citrullinemia Type 1 was diagnosed. This case highlights a metabolic disorder which radiologically mimics herpes encephalitis. The manageme...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Razia A Kadwa Naveen Sankhyan Chirag K Ahuja Pratibha Singhi Source Type: research

Cerebral palsy in North Indian children: Clinico-etiological profile and co-morbidities
Conclusion: Most common risk factor of CP is birth asphyxia; thus, by improving health care facilities, its incidence can be reduced. CP affects not only motor functions but also other important functions of body as well, and the more severe the motor disabilities, the more are other comorbidities and their intensity also increases with that of the intensity of brain insult. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Parul Bhati Suvasini Sharma Ridhimaa Jain B Rath Sarita Beri Vinod K Gupta Satinder Aneja Source Type: research

Non-multiple-sclerosis-related typical and atypical white matter disorders: Our experience in the last 2 years in both children and adults from a tertiary care center in India
Conclusion: White matter disorders belong to a wide spectrum of illnesses which varies from degeneration to a spectrum of other disorders. Correlating the clinical, radiological and other laboratory data are mandatory for proper diagnosis. Those who belong to older age with shorter duration and uncharacterized radiological features suffered from acquired treatable causes. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra Chakravarthula Nitin Ramanujam Kishore Kalya Vyasaraj Rita Christopher Hansashree Padmanabha Annapureddy Jagadish Faheem Arshad Abhishek Gohel Source Type: research

Molecular basis of spina bifida: Recent advances and future prospectives
Conclusion: Our present ideology is aiming to understand the inductive and direct interactions of the downstream target sites among responsible regulating genes (RRGs). It is an unique pattern of genetic roadmap to control and guides the neurulation and may provide further insights into the causes of SB and may help to develop new molecular-targeted therapy (MTT). (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Prateek Kumar Panda Kanhu Charan Mallik Ranjankumar Patel Mayadhar Barik Source Type: research

Intracranial pressure monitoring in children with severe traumatic brain injury: A retrospective study
Conclusion: ICP monitoring did not reduce the incidence of death, cranial surgeries, duration of mechanical ventilation, hospital stay, or improve the outcome at discharge in children with severe TBI. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sujoy Banik Girija P Rath Ritesh Lamsal Sumit Sinha Parmod K Bithal Source Type: research

Hyperargininemia experiences over last 7 years from a tertiary care center
Conclusion: Hyperargininemia commonly manifests as regression, failure to thrive, spasticity, seizures with or without microcephaly. When the above phenotype is seen, it is mandatory to screen for urea cycle disorders. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra Rita Christopher Chakravarthula Nitin Ramanujam Ganaraja Valakunja Harikrishna Source Type: research

Emerging trends in publishing and publication in the current era: Restoring the balance
Dattatraya MuzumdarJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2019 14(1):1-1 (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - June 18, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Dattatraya Muzumdar Source Type: research

Pediatric brain tumor grading based on CD56 quantification
George Vartholomatos, Kalliopi Stefanaki, George A Alexiou, Anna Batistatou, Georgios S Markopoulos, Meropi Tzoufi, George Sfakianos, Neofytos ProdromouJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):524-527 (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: George Vartholomatos Kalliopi Stefanaki George A Alexiou Anna Batistatou Georgios S Markopoulos Meropi Tzoufi George Sfakianos Neofytos Prodromou Source Type: research

Kluver & #8211;Bucy syndrome in an adolescent girl: A sequel of encephalitis
Sujita K Kar, Anamika Das, Shweta Pandey, Bandna GuptaJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):523-524 (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sujita K Kar Anamika Das Shweta Pandey Bandna Gupta Source Type: research

Television tip over: An avoidable cause of head injury in children
Sachinkumar M Patel, Eswararao Thamatapu, Siddhartha Roychowdhury, Prasad KrishnanJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):521-522 (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sachinkumar M Patel Eswararao Thamatapu Siddhartha Roychowdhury Prasad Krishnan Source Type: research

Correspondence to levetiracetam in neonatal seizures as first-line treatment
Raffaele Falsaperla, Giovanna VitalitiJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):520-521 (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Raffaele Falsaperla Giovanna Vitaliti Source Type: research

Acute neurological complications after congenital structural heart disease surgery
Jogender KumarJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):519-519 (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Jogender Kumar Source Type: research

Valuable research in fake journals and self-boasting with fake metrics
Asir John Samuel, Vevita Priya AranhaJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):517-518Valuable research works are getting wasted by publishing them in so called, fake journals (pseudo journals, hijacked or predatory journals). Fake journals are the journals which do not perform peer review or minimal language editing in the name of peer review. Unaware of negative consequences of publishing in fake journals, budding or novice academician/clinician/researcher continue to fall prey for them. Present scenario, forced them to get their valuable research published for promotion, pay hike, academic or research reputation, et...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Asir John Samuel Vevita Priya Aranha Source Type: research

Moyamoya disease presenting as alternating hemiparesis with relapsing remitting hemichorea: An unusual manifestation
Conclusion: MMD should be kept in the differential diagnosis of children presenting with alternating focal neurological deficit with recurrent movement disorder as movement disorder could be the initial presentation. MMD may present as waxing and waning features of the chorea and neurological deficit. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Siddharth Maheshwari Aldrin Anthony Suman Kushwaha Sandeep Singh Rupak Desai Dyutima Madan Source Type: research

Intravenous immunoglobulin: A good choice for acute cerebellar ataxia associated with varicella
We describe a 5-year-old boy who developed gait disorder and garble speech 2 weeks after chicken pox and who was successfully treated with intravenous immunoglobulin. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Fatma G Kilavuz Arzu Ekici Hatice Onur Deniz Ekici Cengiz G Orcan Source Type: research

Bilateral facial nerve palsy in a child: When the smile returns
We describe the case of an 8-year-old girl with bilateral facial paralysis because of Epstein–Barr virus infection with late diagnosis and therapy. We discuss the differential diagnosis hypothesis, focusing on the different outcome and recovery times in relation to the timing of treatment. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tullio Messana Francesca Lombardi Andrea Canini Angelo Russo Chiara Landini Arcangela Curatolo Antonella Pini Chiara Ghizzi Source Type: research

A rare case of spinal schwannoma in a child presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage: A case report with review of literature
We report a case of dorsolumbar schwannoma in an 11-year-old girl presenting clinically with signs and symptoms mimicking meningitis, but meningeal signs later proved to be due to SAH associated with spinal (D12-L1) schwannoma and hydrocephalus. Mass was excised and ventriculoperitoneal shunt was inserted. In our clinical practice, we may sometimes come across some uncommon diseases with even more uncommon presentations as happened with us at our institute. We must always consider that there is a possibility of SAH owing to silent spinal lesion in patients with angiographic negative intracranial SAH as in this case. (Sourc...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Humam Tanki Harshita Singh Uday S Raswan Abdul R Bhat Yagnesh Saija Altaf R Kirmani Iqbal Javaid Source Type: research

Recurrent paradoxical tuberculosis with chest wall abscess and optochiasmatic tuberculoma
We describe an adolescent case of recurrent paradoxical response complicating tuberculous meningitis. The first paradoxical tuberculosis presented as chest wall abscess, which was complicated by uniocular, gradually progressive, painless loss of vision after 6 months. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Suresh Kumar Sumeet R Dhawan Lokesh Saini Paramjeet Singh Sanjay Verma Meenu Singh Source Type: research

Glucose transporter type 1 deficiency syndrome: Developmental delay and early-onset ataxia in a novel mutation of the SLC2A1 gene
We report a 6-year-old girl with GLUT1-DS, which is caused by a novel heterozygous variant c.109dupC of the SLC2A1 gene. The dominating clinical features were ataxia, epilepsy started at 4 years, acquired microcephaly, and mild intellectual disability. Treatment with ketogenic diet showed clinical improvement with the reduction of ataxia and seizure control in a 10-month follow-up period. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tullio Messana Angelo Russo Raffaella Vergaro Antonella Boni Margherita Santucci Antonella Pini Source Type: research

Rasmussen & #8217;s epileptogenic encephalitis in a tropical country
Conclusion: There was a delay to establish the diagnosis. Further studies are needed to evaluate rehabilitation capacities in children with RE before brain maturation. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Komi Assogba Kossivi M Apetse Kokouvi P Waklatsi Kokou Douti Damelan Kombate Koffi A A Balogou Source Type: research

Spontaneous coiling of peritoneal catheter & #8212;uncommon complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt: Recognition and management
Conclusion: In asymptomatic coiling of the peritoneal catheter, the patient should be kept in close observation as these groups of patients may be vulnerable to malfunction, and timely intervention may save the patient from further abdominal and cranial complications. Patients presenting with shunt malfunction should get abdominal evaluation performed to look for silent pseudocyst formation over and above a cranial computed tomography and shunt series. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Gautam Dutta Arvind K Srivastava Anita Jagetia Daljit Singh Hukum Singh Source Type: research

Vertebral hemangioma an extremely rare cause of spinal cord compression in children: A case report
Nilesh Jain, Jitendra Tadghare, Akhilesh Patel, Amit VarmaJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):483-485Symptomatic benign vascular tumors of the bone are rare. Vertebral hemangiomas are rare detectable spinal tumors. Those presenting with neurological deficits are extremely rare. Early diagnosis and complete excision of the lesion with decompression of the cord is the definitive management in such cases. Delay in treatment may cause irreversible damage to the cord and may leave patient with lifelong neurological deficit. Here, we report a similar case of a thoracic vertebral hemangioma causing spinal cord compressi...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Nilesh Jain Jitendra Tadghare Akhilesh Patel Amit Varma Source Type: research

A frontal giant intradiploic giant pearl (epidermoid cyst) with extracranial and intracranial extension: A rare entity
Prakash Rao Gollapudi, Siddartha Reddy Musali, Imran Mohammed, Sandeep Raja PittalaJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):480-482Craniofacial epidermoid cysts are rare tumors representing 0.2%–1% of all the intracranial tumors. Intradiploic variants account for 25% of these cysts. These cysts are benign, slow-growing, congenital tumors derived from ectodermal remnants misplaced during embryogenesis. Mean age at presentation of these lesions is 40 years; epidermoid cysts are typically asymptomatic (Toglia JU, Netsky MG, Alexander E Jr. Epithelial (epidermoid) tumors of the cranium. Their commo...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Prakash Rao Gollapudi Siddartha Reddy Musali Imran Mohammed Sandeep Raja Pittala Source Type: research

An infected dermoid cyst without a sinus tract: A rarity mimicking a spinal tumor
We report a case of an infected spinal dermoid cyst in the absence of a dermal sinus in a 3-year-old child who underwent excision of cyst. On a long-term follow-up of about 10 years, there was no evidence of any recurrence. However, bowel and bladder dysfunction persisted. In the light of the current literature, we discuss the clinical presentation, etiopathogenesis, radiological features, management, and long-term outcome of an infected conus dermoid cyst. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Batuk Damjibhai Diyora Bhagyashri Bhende Naren Nayak Alok K Sharma Source Type: research

Riboflavin treatment in genetically proven Brown & #8211;Vialetto & #8211;Van Laere syndrome
We describe a child with genetically proven BVVL syndrome where prompt treatment with riboflavin showed good results. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Meenal Garg Shilpa D Kulkarni Anaita U Hegde Krishnakumar N Shah Source Type: research

Mineralizing vasculopathy causing motor delay and silent strokes ?
We report a case of an infant with isolated unexplained motor delay who presented with hemidystonia and hemiparesis following a trivial fall. This case is unique because mineralizing vasculopathy as a cause of isolated motor delay prior to presenting as stroke has not been reported before. This case opens up the possibility of isolated motor delay following suspected silent strokes as a clinical presentation of mineralizing vasculopathy. Further studies are needed to determine whether this is a part of a spectrum including more severe clinical picture. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Roshani Krishnegowda Chetan Kashinkunti Suhas Joshi Source Type: research

Rare case of & #8220;diprosopus bicephalous triophthalmus & #8221; and review of literature
Panduranga Chikkannaiah, Nishaa Prathap, Srinivasamurthy VenkataramanappaJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):465-468Diprosopus is a rare congenital anomaly, characterized by partial or complete duplication of the craniofacial structure. It constitutes 0.4% of all congenital anomalies. Complete duplications are invariably associated with systemic anomalies. Here, we present such a case of diprosopus with complete duplication of face in a 24-week-old male fetus, associated with anencephaly and spinal rachischisis. Proposed theory of embryogenesis and associated anomalies are also discussed. (Source: Journal o...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Panduranga Chikkannaiah Nishaa Prathap Srinivasamurthy Venkataramanappa Source Type: research

Congenital muscular dystrophy due to novel compound heterozygote mutations in POMGNT1 gene
Sedat Isikay, Akif ŞirikçiJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):462-464Muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy is a heterogeneous group of inherited muscular dystrophies caused by glycosylation defects associated with different mutations. The main finding of the disease is disruption of the binding of cellular α-dystroglycan to its extracellular matrix ligands. O-mannose β-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase 1 is one of the pathogenic genes involved in glycosylation defects of α-dystroglycan. Herein, we report a patient diagnosed with muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy 3 with the determina...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sedat Isikay Akif & #350;irik & #231;i Source Type: research

Neurosurgical implications of osteogenesis imperfecta in a child after fall: Case illustration
In this report, we describe the clinical case of a child with parietal fracture; the main objective of this work being to show one of the several neurological implications that children with OI can present, and their implications for the pediatric neurosurgeons as neurosurgical complications are very frequent. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar Osvaldo Koller Sergio Valenzuela Alexis Narvaez-Rojas Guru D Satyarthee Joulen Mo-Carrascal Johana Maraby Source Type: research

Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome: A rare manifestation of dengue infection in a child
Soaham D Desai, Fenil R Gandhi, Anand VaishnavJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):455-458Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is an inflammatory neurological disorder, which is characterized by chaotic uncontrolled movements of the eyes and involuntary jerk-like movements of the body. Different modalities of treatment have been described in medical literature to treat OMS. Immunomodulatory treatment with either steroids or intravenous immunoglobulin has been considered. Our case was a 14-year-old boy who presented with fever, mild confusion, without any seizures or focal deficits. On examination, he had opsoclonus...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Soaham D Desai Fenil R Gandhi Anand Vaishnav Source Type: research

Mineralizing angiopathy with basal ganglia stroke after minor trauma: Case series including two familial cases
Conclusion: Most common cause for acute basal ganglia stroke in toddlers was mineralizing angiopathy of lenticulostriate vessels. It was preceded by minor trauma in most cases. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Vykuntaraju K Gowda Vidya Manjeri Varunvenkat M Srinivasan Sushma V Sajjan Asha Benakappa Source Type: research

A randomized control trial of botulinum toxin A administration under ultrasound guidance against manual palpation in spastic cerebral palsy
Conclusion: No significant difference was observed in the outcome with regard to technique of administration of botulinum toxin with ultrasound and without ultrasound into gastrocnemius muscle. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Prakruthi S Kaushik Vykuntaraju K Gowda Sanjay K Shivappa Rajeshwari Mannapur Ajay Jaysheel Source Type: research

Relation of serum creatinine to Sarnat scoring and brain computerized tomography of neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. A single-center experience
Conclusion: Serum creatinine levels correlate with the severity of HIE of neonates according to Sarnat scoring and brain CAT. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Mohamed A El-Gamasy Redha Alarabawy Source Type: research

Type 1 split cord malformation: The significance of the 3D orientation of the bony spur, its clinical relevance, and surgical nuances
Conclusion: Multiplanar assessment of the bony spur using CT scan helps in surgical drilling and improves the outcome. The dorsal SCM variety showed better clinical outcomes when compared to their ventral bony spurs. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Suyash Singh Kamlesh S Bhaisora Kuntal K Das Satyadeo Pandey Arun K Srivastava Sanjay Behari Raj Kumar Source Type: research

N-methyl-
Conclusion: NMDA receptor mediated encephalitis should be suspected in all children and females of adolescent age with refractory neuropsychiatric syndrome. Both CSF and serum should be tested and regular follow up for relapses and neoplasms is mandatory. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sadanandavalli R Chandra Hansashree Padmanabha Neeraja Koti Kishore Kalya Vyasaraj Pooja Mailankody Anupama R Pai Source Type: research

Plasma and cerebrospinal fluid beta-endorphin levels show a strong association in children with cerebral malaria
Conclusion: The finding of positive correlation between plasma and CSF β-endorphin levels in this study suggests a possible direct link between plasma and CSF in CM, probably from the disruption of the blood–brain barrier that has been reported in CM. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Oluwagbemiga O Adeodu Oluwatosin E Olorunmoteni Saheed B A Oseni Efere M Obuotor Source Type: research

Yoga in children with epilepsy: A randomized controlled trial
Conclusion: Yoga as an additional therapy in children with epilepsy leads to seizure freedom and significant improvement in EEG at 6 months. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sujata V Kanhere Deepak R Bagadia Varsha D Phadke Priyashree S Mukherjee Source Type: research

Benign acute childhood myositis: A benign disease that mimics more severe neuromuscular disorder
Conclusion: BACM should be actively looked for in cases of painful acute proximal limb weakness in the adolescents. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sunil Pradhan Animesh Das Sucharita Anand Source Type: research

V-Y plasty or primary repair closure of myelomeningocele: Our experience
Conclusion: The aim of surgical repair is to cover the exposed neural tissue, prevent CSF leak and reduce CNS infections. V-Y plasty a plastic surgical technique of advancement flaps with intact pedicles improves the outcome of skin closure once the neural placode is placed in the dura and closed. This reduces the morbidity in a one-time procedure. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Geover Joslen Lobo Madhukar Nayak Source Type: research

Skull and spinal Ewing & #8217;s sarcoma in children: An institutional study
Conclusions: Surgical outcome of SSES in short-term follow-up is good with current recommended management regimen of maximum excision followed by chemo and radiotherapy. However, metastasis is not uncommon. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Suchanda Bhattacharjee Shivanand Reddy Kuruganti Venkata Megha S Uppin Source Type: research

Association of hypocapnia in children with febrile seizures
Conclusion: Our data indicates that febrile seizures may be associated with fever induced hyperventilation and ensuing hypocapnia may be one of the precipitating factor in inducing seizures. However, well-structured human trials are needed to demonstrate the same. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Deepak Sachan Samridhi Goyal Source Type: research

Diencephalic syndrome as presentation of giant childhood craniopharyngioma: Management review
Guru D Satyarthee, Harshad ChipdeJournal of Pediatric Neurosciences 2018 13(4):383-387Diencephalic syndrome (DES) is an extremely uncommon occurrence, and approximately 100 cases have been reported. It presents as a failure to thrive in infants and children but rarely occurs in adult population. The characteristic clinical features of DES include severely emaciated body, normal linear growth and normal or precocious intellectual development, hyperalertness, hyperkinesis, and euphoria usually associated with intracranial sellar–suprasellar mass lesion, usually optico-chiasmatic glioma or hypothalamic mass. DES as a pr...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Guru D Satyarthee Harshad Chipde Source Type: research

Pediatric tubercular meningitis: A review
The objective of this review is to assist in early identification, proper investigation and timely treatment of TBM in children in order to reduce neurological morbidity and mortality associated with it. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences - February 25, 2019 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Roosy Aulakh Sanya Chopra Source Type: research