Severe Mucositis Secondary to Pembrolizumab: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature
The indications for use of programed cell death receptors (PD-1) inhibitors to treat cancer continues to expand rapidly. Treatment with PD-1 inhibitors has been associated with numerous immune-medicated mucocutaneous side effects. Here we report two cases of severe mucositis caused by the PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab and review the defining features of similar cases. Recognition of mucocutaneous toxicities of PD-1 inhibitors is increasingly important as their use continues to expand. A step wise approach to diagnosis and management is also reviewed. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 30, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Raphael E. Huntley, Katherine DeNiro, Meredith Sheedy, Jasjit K. Dillon Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Classification and morphological analysis of the hard palate in CBCT scans: a retrospective study
As the hard palate is a central structure of the skull, and is involved in orthodontic and surgical procedures, it would be of interest to study the morphological aspects of this bone and its possible variations according to different patterns of skeletal development. Thus, this study aimed to develop a classification for the different morphological characteristics of the hard palate, and to evaluate the relationship between these characteristics and the different skeletal patterns, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 30, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Murilo Miranda-Viana, Deborah Queiroz Freitas, Amanda Farias Gomes, Felippe Bevilacqua Prado, Yuri Nejaim Source Type: research

Does Low Level Laser Photobiomodulation Improve Neurosensory Recovery After Orthognathic Surgery? A Clinical Trial
This study sought to assess the effect of LLLT on the recovery time of neurosensory deficits following Le Fort I osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) using the blink reflex. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 30, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Abbas Haghighat, Saeed Khosravi, Alireza Tamizifar, Maryam Haghighat Source Type: research

The More Things Change, the More They Virtually Stay the Same
We are no longer the knights who say Ni! We are now the knights who say ekki-ekki-ekki-pitang-zoom-boing! —Graham Chapman (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 27, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Thomas B. Dodson, DMD, MPH Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
(ISSN 0278-2391) is published monthly by Elsevier Inc, for the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 360 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010-1710. Business Office: 1600 John F. Kennedy Blvd, Ste 1800, Philadelphia, PA 19103-2899. Periodicals postage paid at New York, NY and additional mailing offices. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 27, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 27, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 27, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

AAOMS Author Disclosure forms
(Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 27, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Utility of Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography/Computed Tomography in Suspected Unilateral Condylar Hyperplasia: A Histopathologic Validation Study
To evaluate the utility of hybrid single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and CT with technetium-99m diphosphates (99mTc MDP SPECT/CT) in patients with suspected active unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH) using histopathology as the reference standard. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 27, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nadia M. Mostafa, Shaimaa Moustafa, Marwa T. Hussien, Wageeh A. Ali, Mohammed H. Osman, Mohammed S. Shahine, Yasser G. Abdelhafez Source Type: research

Comparing the surgical response of bisphosphonate-related versus denosumab-related osteonecrosis of the jaws
The pathophysiology and treatment of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) remain unclear following nearly two decades of recorded observation and discussion. The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes of surgical resection of MRONJ in patients exposed to denosumab. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 26, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Benjamin Palla, Egon Burian, Andrew Deek, Christopher Scott, John Anderson, Nicholas Callahan, Eric R. Carlson Source Type: research

Retrieval of displaced third molar into the sublingual space utilizing 3D navigation assistance
Surgical removal of third molars is a common procedure undertaken by both general dentists and oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Though rare, iatrogenic displacement of the tooth or root fragments into adjacent fascial spaces is a known complication. This case report details the retrieval of displaced root tips from a mandibular third molar into the sublingual space utilizing intraoperative navigation to minimize surgical exploration. Oral-maxillofacial surgeons (OMSs) should consider utilizing 3D navigation during scheduled retrieval of displaced teeth, fragments, or foreign objects to minimize risk of surgical complicatio...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 26, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jonathan R. Bensing, Kelly E. McElroy, Leonel Perez Source Type: research

Discrimination of orthokeratinized odontogenic cysts from odontogenic keratocysts and unicystic ameloblastomas by clinical and cone-beam computed tomography features
The aim of the study was to compare the clinical and cone-beam computed tomography features of orthokeratinized odontogenic cysts (OOCs) and odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs), and to fully understand features of these two odontogenic cysts. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 26, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Xiaofeng Wang, Lili Wei, Bo Li, Jiajie Li, Wei Li, Fang Wang, Yong Cheng Source Type: research

omparison of maxillofacial fractures between pedestrians and passengers in road traffic accidents
Road traffic accidents remain as the most common cause of maxillofacial injuries in developed countries. To the best of our knowledge, comparative analysis of fracture localizations and injury types of injured pedestrians and passengers is seldom performed. Thus, this study aimed to compare maxillofacial injuries between pedestrians and passengers injured in road traffic accidents in terms of demographic characteristics of the patients, localization of fractures, and treatment. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 26, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Zeynep Altunta ş, Majid Ismayilzade, Funda Baştürk Source Type: research

Erratum
For "Assessment of Effect of Submucosal Injection of Dexmedetomidine on Postoperative Symptoms ” (Gursoytrak B., et al, J Oral Maxillofac Surg 78:366-371, 2020) the editors have determined that since this is a crossover, split-mouth study design, there is no basis for comparative statistics of the groups since by definition they will be the same. This makes Table 1 unnecessary and is ther efore deleted. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 25, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Comparing Clinical and Radiographic Characteristics of Chronic Diffuse Sclerosing Osteomyelitis and Craniofacial Fibrous Dysplasia in the Mandible
Differential diagnosis of chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis of the mandible (DSOM) and craniofacial fibrous dysplasia (CFD) involving the mandible is challenging. The purpose of this study was to explore the differences of the clinical and radiographic characteristics between these two conditions. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 25, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kuankuan Jia, Xiaoli Li, Jingang An, Yi Zhang Source Type: research

Response to the Letter to the Editor: Will Closed Treatment Provide Better Mandibular Motion Than Open Reduction and Internal Fixation in Cases of Unilateral Displaced Subcondylar Fracture? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
To the Editor: —It is with great interest that we read the systematic review and meta-analysis by Ibrahim et al1 regarding the comparative benefit of closed reduction treatment (CLT) versus open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) in unilateral displaced subcondylar fractures. We would like to bring forth ke y points relevant to the discussion. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 24, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yash Merchant, Rama Jayaraj, Sameep Shetty Tags: Letters to the editor Source Type: research

Validity of Medical Insurance Guidelines for Orthognathic Surgery
The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of orthognathic surgery guidelines used by the major American medical insurance companies. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sydney A. Schneider, Jaime Gateno, Kevin B. Coppelson, Jeryl D. English, James J. Xia Source Type: research

Five-years periodontal outcomes of early removal of unerupted third molars referred for orthodontic purposes
The removal of third molars (M3) is one of the most common oral-maxillofacial surgical procedures affecting periodontal tissues of neighboring second molars (M2). The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal status of lower M2 following the removal of unerupted lower M3 up to five years after removal. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hari Petsos, Janine Fleige, J örg Korte, Peter Eickholz, Thomas Hoffmann, Raphael Borchard Source Type: research

Computer-aided surgical simulation in severe atrophic mandibular fractures: A new method for guided reduction and temporary stabilization prior to fixation
In severe atrophic mandibular fractures, the absence of stable occlusion, as well as poor bone volume at the fracture site, constitute a lack of references during surgery to achieve accurate fracture reduction. Unsuccessful reduction and stabilization can lead to several complications, such as fracture misalignments, malunion and facial asymmetry. An alternative to avoid the abovementioned issues is fracture reduction based on virtual surgical planning (VSP) technology. However, there is little information regarding VSP protocols for the management of mandible fractures. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 22, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Esdras Fa çanha de Carvalho, Gustavo Luiz Alkmin Paiva, Frederico Yonezaki, Gustavo Grothe Machado Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Maxillofacial Injuries in Cyclists: A Biomechanical Approach for the Analysis of Mechanisms of Mandible Fractures
The investigators characterized the occurrence of maxillofacial injuries in cyclists and biomechanically analyzed the mechanisms of mandible fractures. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yasuhiko Tsutsumi, Daisuke Ito, Mami Nakamura, Shinya Koshinuma, Gaku Yamamoto, Masahito Hitosugi Source Type: research

Elevated White Blood Cell Count Resultant Atherogenesis is Associated with Panoramic Imaged Carotid Plaque
Atherosclerotic plaques develop as a result of a low grade, chronic, systemic inflammatory response to the injury of endothelial cells arising from lipid deposition within the intima. Increased white blood cell count (WBCC) is both a validated “biologic marker” of the extent of this inflammatory process and a key participant in the development of subsequent atherosclerotic ischemic heart disease manifesting as myocardial infarction (MI). We sought to determine if calcified carotid artery plaque (CCAP) on a panoramic image (PI), also a validated risk indicator of future MI, is associated with increased WBCC. (So...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tina I. Chang, Xiuju Wu, Kristina I. Bostr öm, Hoang-Anh Tran, Paulo H. Couto-Souza, Arthur H. Friedlander Source Type: research

The effect of orthognathic surgery on TMJ function and symptoms. What are the risk factors? A longitudinal analysis of 375 patients.
The effects of orthognathic surgery (OGS) on the TMJ are still controversial. Based on a high-volume uniform collective, the function and clinical symptoms of the TMJ and the dysfunction index by Helkimo (Di) were evaluated prior and up to 2 years after OGS. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Oliver Ploder, Guido Sigron, Adeola Adekunle, Laura Burger-Krebes, Bernhard Haller, Andreas Kolk Source Type: research

The impact of 3d technology in optimizing midface fracture treatment- focus on the zygomatic bone
In the context of the ongoing development and expanding availability of three-dimensional (3D) printing, there is increasing interest in designing simplified workflows that would encourage more medical practitioners to include 3D printing in their current practice. The purpose of this study is to present our experience regarding the use of 3D printing in the preoperative planning and management of acute midface trauma, an area less explored by existing studies. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Victor Vlad Costan, Andrei Nicolau, Daniela Sulea, Mihai Liviu Ciofu, Otilia Boisteanu, Eugenia Popescu Source Type: research

Soft Tissue Management: A Critical Part of Implant Rehabilitation after Vascularized Free-flap Reconstruction
Implant rehabilitation after jaw reconstruction is challenging and postoperative peri-implantitis is common. Our aim was to present our management protocol for implant rehabilitation after vascularized free-flap reconstruction and report the outcomes of soft tissue management. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ruiliu Li, Zhaoqiang Meng, Yi Zhang, Xiaofeng Shan, Yang Wang, Yang He Source Type: research

Fractured Needle Removal With a 3-Dimensionally Printed Surgical Guide: A Case Report and Literature Review
This study proposes a new localization technique. We used a three-dimensionally printed surgical guide, supported by the lower dental arch to minimize the required surgical access. With this approach, the procedure could be performed with procedural sedation anesthesia. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 8, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Driesen Lukas, Meeus Jan, Politis Constantinus, Legrand Paul Tags: Pathology Source Type: research

Fractured needle removal with a 3D-printed surgical guide: case report and literature review
This study proposes a new localization technique. We used a three-dimensional printed surgical guide, supported by the lower dental arch to minimize the required surgical access. With this approach, the procedure could be performed with procedural sedation anesthesia. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 8, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Driesen Lukas, Meeus Jan, Politis Constantinus, Legrand Paul Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

The Pleating Effect Explains the Cardioauricular Connection
To the Editor: —After reading the article entitled “Surgeons beware: The preauricular crease is an indicator of coronary artery atherosclerosis as well as an anatomic landmark” published in the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery,1 I am pleased to propose an explanation of such cardioauricular connecti on through understanding the anatomy of the fascia that connects the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) of the face and auricle. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 7, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mohammed Abrahim Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Does the Lack of Gender-Specific Apnea-Hypopnea Index Cutoff for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Impact Surgical Selection?
The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) is the parameter on which the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is based and is also the determinant for both clinicians and third-party payers for surgical procedures. The purpose of this retrospective cross-sectional chart review is to examine differences in symptoms and AHI between men and women with OSA and whether this may impact timing and selection of surgical care. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 6, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Corissa P. Chang, Eric Dierks, Amanda Cheng, Yifei Ma, Stanley Yung Liu Tags: Craniomaxillofacial deformities/sleep disorders/cosmetic surgery Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Cosmetic Procedures, Social Media, and Oral-Maxillofacial Surgery: Use of Trends for the Modern Practice
The integration of social media into global communities has influenced human activity and the methods used to seek the latest information regarding diet, fashion, and beauty. Platforms such as Instagram and Facebook are developing into essential modes of growth for cosmetic treatment. Reviews and testimonials shared on social media by influencers and celebrities are a new word-of-mouth. Users are eagerly pursuing cosmetic procedures that provide opportunities to adopt an esthetic seen on their timelines and newsfeeds. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 6, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Peter Rekawek, Brendan Wu, Todd Hanna Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research

Does the Lack of Sex Specific Apnea-Hypopnea Index Cutoff for OSA Impact Surgical Selection?
The Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) is the parameter upon which the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is based, and is also the determinant for both clinicians and third-party payers for surgical procedures. The purpose of this retrospective cross-sectional chart review is to examine differences in symptoms and AHI between men and women with OSA, and whether this may impact timing and selection of surgical care. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 6, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Corissa P. Chang, Eric Dierks, Amanda Cheng, Yifei Ma, Stanley Yung Liu Source Type: research

What Are the Predictors of Craniomaxillofacial Injuries From Hoverboard Accidents?
A hoverboard, or self-balancing scooter, is a battery-powered vehicle with 2 wheels connected by a longboard that requires handsfree operation. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the emergency department visits for hoverboard-related craniomaxillofacial trauma and determine predictors of injuries and hospital admission. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Brendan W. Wu, Kevin C. Lee, Min-Wei Hsiung, Vasiliki Karlis Tags: Craniomaxillofacial trauma Source Type: research

Immediate Reconstruction of Segmental Mandibular Defects With Nonvascular Bone Grafts: A 30-Year Perspective
The use of nonvascular bone grafts for immediate mandibular reconstruction has remained a controversial topic. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the variables that might influence graft survival examining the outcomes from 30  years of experience. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jeffrey S. Marschall, George M. Kushner, Robert L. Flint, Lewis C. Jones, Brian Alpert Tags: Surgical oncology and reconstruction Source Type: research

Are Psychiatric History and Substance Use Predictors of Mortality in Self-Inflicted Gunshot Wounds to the Face?
Self-inflicted gunshot wounds to the face are one of the most challenging clinical scenarios encountered by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Knowledge is lacking regarding which factors might influence survival after these devastating injuries, especially pertaining to psychiatric history and substance use. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the risk factors that might influence the survival of subjects with self-inflicted gunshot wounds to the face. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jeffrey S. Marschall, George Kushner, Brian Alpert Tags: Craniomaxillofacial trauma Source Type: research

So You Think White Privilege is a Myth? - The Fight for Educational Equality
In the wake of George Floyd ’s murder, something occurred not seen in previous Black Lives Matter (BLM) protests… unprecedented white support. Finally, the racial makeup of the BLM protests in the US is comparable with our country’s racial demographics.1 As an African-American academician, the recognition of white privil ege, defined as the societal privilege that benefits white people over their non-white counterparts, is a reality in my everyday life. White privilege has affected every aspect of non-white lives and livelihood, including their education and career opportunities. (Source: Journal of Oral...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Colonya C. Calhoun Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
(ISSN 0278-2391) is published monthly by Elsevier Inc, for the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 360 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010-1710. Business Office: 1600 John F. Kennedy Blvd, Ste 1800, Philadelphia, PA 19103-2899. Periodicals postage paid at New York, NY and additional mailing offices. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Editorial Board Page
(Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

AAOMS Author Disclosure forms
(Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation (Nora's Lesion) of Mandible With Recurrence: Case Report and Review of Literature
Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) is a rare benign lesion exhibiting radiographic and histologic features that can be mistaken for malignancy. Most cases have been reported in the small tubular bones of the hands and feet, but involvement of the skull and jaws is extremely rare. Here, we present a case of BPOP involving the mandible in a 23-year-old male that, after initial excision, recurred within 18  months. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the third published case of BPOP arising in the mandible. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rumpa Ganguly, Richard C. Jordan Tags: Pathology Source Type: research

News and Announcements
The AAOMS House of Delegates elected President B.D. Tiner, DDS, MD, FACS; President-Elect J. David Johnson Jr., DDS; Vice President Paul J. Schwartz, DMD; and Speaker of the House Steven R. Nelson, DDS, MS, at its 2020 virtual sessions. District II Trustee Martin E. Eichner, DDS, was elected to a two-year term, and Trustees J. David Morrison, DMD (District IV); Charles A. Crago, DMD, MD, FACS (District V); and Mark A. Egbert, DDS, FACS (District VI) were re-elected to two-year terms. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: News and announcements Source Type: research

Bizarre Parosteal Osteochondromatous Proliferation (Nora ’s Lesion) of Mandible with Recurrence: Case Report and Review of Literature
Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) is a rare, benign lesion exhibiting radiographic and histologic features that can be mistaken for malignancy. Most cases have been reported in the small tubular bones of the hands and feet but involvement of the skull and jaws is extremely rare. Here, we present a case of BPOP involving the mandible in a 23-year-old male that, following initial excision, recurred within 18 months. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the third published case of BPOP arising in the mandible. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rumpa Ganguly, Richard C. Jordan Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Efficacy of Local Anesthetic Wound Infiltration in Temporomandibular Joint Ankylosis Surgery for Control of Postoperative Pain: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled, and Double-Blinded Trial
This study aimed to compare the analgesic efficacy of wound infiltration with ropivacaine alone or with adjuvants clonidine or dexamethasone for postoperative pain in temporomandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA) surgery. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 28, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tangirala Nageswara Rao, Devalina Goswami, Ajoy Roychoudhury, Ongkila Bhutia, Dalim Kumar Baidya, Anjan Trikha Tags: Anesthesia/TMJ disorders/facial pain Source Type: research

Efficacy of local anaesthetic wound infiltration in temporomandibular joint ankylosis surgery for control of postoperative pain: A prospective, randomized controlled, double blinded trial
This study aimed to compare the analgesic efficacy of wound infiltration with ropivacaine alone or with adjuvants clonidine or dexamethasone for postoperative pain in temporomandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA) surgery. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 28, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tangirala Nageswara Rao, Devalina Goswami, Ajoy Roychoudhury, Ongkila Bhutia, Dalim Kumar Baidya, Anjan Trikha Tags: Full Length Article Source Type: research

A novel flap for dynamic reanimation of facial paralysis: microvascular sternohyoid muscle free flap
The main objectives of facial reanimation procedures include restoring facial symmetry at resting state and regaining facial mobility. Static procedures usually provide unsatisfactory results, especially in younger patients. For this reason, over the years, several different surgical alternatives based on autologous, locoregional, or muscle free flaps have been proposed. The gracilis muscle is the gold standard technique for dynamic reanimation of long standing facial paralysis. The excessive muscle bulk and the differences regarding the type of predominant muscle fiber compared to the zygomaticus major force reconstructiv...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 28, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mario Sant ás Alegret, Antonio Fernández García, Víctor Zafra Vallejo, Álvaro Rivero Calle, Gregorio Sánchez Aniceto Source Type: research

Comparing clinical and radiological manifestations of adolescent idiopathic condylar resorption and juvenile idiopathic arthritis in the temporomandibular joint
This cross-sectional study compared orofacial manifestations at the time of diagnosis in 2 temporomandibular joint (TMJ) conditions: adolescent idiopathic condylar resorption (ICR) and TMJ involvement from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Dino Alimanovic, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Louise Hauge Matzen, Peter Stoustrup Source Type: research

Orthodontic trends in the treatment of dentofacial deformities
The orthodontic management of an individual with malocclusion whose jaws are in harmony and with dental root to alveolar volume in sync is generally straightforward and not in question. In this case, orthodontic correction of malocclusion at the level of the dental crowns will maintain roots within the alveolar housing achieving a favorable orthodontic and periodontal outcome. A remaining question, however, is how to predictably treat a patient with malocclusion to achieve an optimal occlusion and healthy periodontium when the jaws are not in harmony and/or the dental root to alveolar volume is not in sync? Regrettably, or...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 22, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jeffrey C. Posnick Source Type: research

Glandular Odontogenic Cyst —A Case Series
The glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is an uncommon jawbone cyst with a challenging diagnosis because of the presence of several clinical and histopathologic overlaps with other odontogenic lesions and central mucoepidermoid carcinoma. To date, less than 200 cases of GOC have been published in the literature with reliable clinical and histopathologic information. Furthermore, the lack of a well-documented GOC case series impairs a more detailed understanding about the biological behavior and appropriate management of the lesion. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Roberta Rayra Martins-Chaves, Mariana Granucci, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Wagner Henriques de Castro Tags: Pathology Source Type: research

A telemedicine checklist for effective communication during virtual surgical visits
Telemedicine, which refers to the application of electronic and digital platforms to assist health care providers in providing remote health services, patient-level education, and information on public health, has remained a relatively underutilized approach to enhancing access to medical services nationally.1 Traditionally, telemedicine has primarily provided health care services to individuals residing in rural communities, those impacted by natural disasters, military personnel, and veterans, as well as for emergency department consultations and the delivery of mental health services. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nisarg A. Patel, Jack A. Harris, Yisi D. Ji, Sampeter L. Odera Source Type: research

Morphometric and Volumetric Measurements of Orbit with Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
The purpose of this study was to determine cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) as a tool for measuring morphometric and volumetric measurements of the orbit. Also, to assess gender and age variations and compare traditional methods of measurements in dry-skull, cadaveric, and other imaging modalities. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Souvick Sarkar, Mohan Baliga, Jefferson Prince, Ravikiran Ongole, Srikant Natarajan Source Type: research

Glandular odontogenic cyst - a case series
The glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is an uncommon jawbone cyst with a challenging diagnosis due to the presence of several clinical and histopathological overlaps with other odontogenic lesions and central mucoepidermoid carcinoma. To date, less than 200 cases of GOC have been published in the literature with reliable clinical and histopathological information. Furthermore, the lack of a well-documented GOC case series impairs a more detailed understanding about the biological behavior and appropriate management of the lesion. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Roberta Rayra Martins-Chaves, Mariana Granucci, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Wagner Henriques de Castro Source Type: research