Immediate Reconstruction of the Infraorbital Nerve after Maxillectomy: Is it Feasible?
Ablative procedures of the midface may require sacrifice of the inferior orbital nerve (ION) resulting in permanent paresthesia of its dermatome. Since the ION is not commonly reconstructed, the goal of this study is to determine the feasibility of nerve allograft reconstruction. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nicholas Callahan, Michael Miloro, Michael R. Markiewicz Source Type: research

Sensory, affective, and cognitive effects of trigeminal injury in mice
In order to characterize adequate study of chronic neuropathic orofacial pain induced by a mental nerve injury in a mouse model, we propose a behavioral assesment of its dimensions: sensory, affective, and cognitive. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Claudia Daniela Montes Angeles, Rey David Andrade Gonzalez, Elias Perrusquia Hernandez, Ana Lilia Garc ía Hernández, Isaac Obed Pérez Martínez Source Type: research

Outcome of stock total joint replacement with fat grafting in adult temporomandibular joint ankylosis patients.
Adult temporomandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA) lacks a uniform management protocol. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the outcome of stock total joint replacement (TJR) along with fat grafting around the joint in adult TMJA patients. Specific aim was to find out whether TJR can be a definitive management for adult TMJA. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ajoy Roychoudhury, Poonam Yadav, Ragavi Alagarsamy, Ongkila Bhutia, Devalina Goswami Source Type: research

5-Fluorouracil is Associated with a Decreased Recurrence Risk in Odontogenic Keratocyst Management: A Retrospective Cohort Study
We report on the use of 5-FU in the management of patients with OKCs as a post-enucleation intra-cavity topical dressing. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Marco Caminiti, Mohamed El-Rabbany, Justin Jeon, Grace Bradley Source Type: research

An In-House CAD/CAM Workflow for Maxillofacial Free-Flap Reconstruction is Associated with A Low Cost and High Accuracy
In-house computer-aided surgical design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) can be used in oral and maxillofacial surgery for virtual surgical planning and 3D printing of patient-specific models. The purpose of this study is to measure the cost and accuracy of an in-house CAD/CAM workflow in maxillofacial free-flap reconstruction. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Justine Moe, Jessica Foss, Rachel Herster, Corey Powell, Joseph Helman, Brent B. Ward, Kyle VanKoevering Source Type: research

Sports-related oral and maxillofacial injuries: a 5-year retrospective study, Pusan National University Dental Hospital
The incidence of sports trauma is gradually increasing, and its importance is therefore also increasing. The present study was conducted to analyze the types, proportions, and tendencies of sports trauma associated with the oral and maxillofacial regions (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Han-Kyul Park, Jin-Young Park, Na-Rae Choi, Uk-Kyu Kim, Dae-Seok Hwang Source Type: research

Lateral pterygoid muscle biometric modifications in pterygoid process fractures associated with mandibular fractures
Pterygoid process fractures (PPF) is classically associated with Lefort fractures, but can also be encountered in association with other facial fractures such as mandibular fractures. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of pterygoid process fractures associated with mandibular fractures and identify factors associated with PPF. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Romain Nicot, Thomas Roland-Billecart, Alexandre Srouji, Florent Barry, Jo ël Ferri, Matthias Schlund Source Type: research

Does concentrated growth factor used with allografts in maxillary sinus lifting have adjunctive benefits? ’
Recent studies have shown that the use of platelet concentration products alone, or in combination with variable graft materials, accelerates the new bone formation associated with sinus augmentation. The aim of this study was to measure the adjunctive effects of concentrated growth factor (CGF) used with allograft on new bone formation and augmentation stability in sinus lifting. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 4, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Emine Adali, Meltem Ozden Yuce, Tayfun Gunbay, Sevtap Gunbay Source Type: research

Unnecessary blood transfusion prolongs length of hospital stay of patients who undergo free fibular flap reconstruction of mandibulofacial defects: a propensity score matched study
Blood transfusion is usually a common clinical practice in flap transfer surgery due to its invasive, hemorrhagic nature. Although intraoperative restrictive transfusion policy was suggested in vascularized fibular flap reconstruction, its clinical evidence was still insufficient. Therefore, our study aimed to investigate the influence of intraoperative blood transfusion on length of stay (LOS) following vascularized fibular flap reconstruction. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 3, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Zhongqi Liu, Haixuan Wu, Shi Cheng, Xiaoqing Liu, Chengli Wang, Minghui Cao Source Type: research

Evaluation of a double layer technique (D.L.T.) to enhance bone formation in atrophic alveolar ridge. Histological results of a pilot study.
The atrophic alveolar ridge has been a challenge in implant dentistry; various techniques using the principle of guided bone regeneration (GBR) have been applied in the last two decades. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 31, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: L. Batas, E. Anagnostou, I. Vouros Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Giant Osteomas: Optimizing outcomes through virtual planning; a report of two cases and review of the literature
Osteomas are benign, slow growing tumors of compact or cancellous bone. They are often asymptomatic. However, a rare variety of “giant” osteomas exists which can reach an impressive size, causing both functional and cosmetic concerns. The location and size of these lesions can make surgical intervention challenging. Here we present two cases of giant osteomas in which 3-D planning was of great aid in optimizing functiona l and esthetic outcomes, and review the literature related to giant osteomas of the mandible. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 31, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ashley Lazar, Carolyn Brookes Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Three-dimensional accuracy of bone contouring surgery for zygomaticomaxillary fibrous dysplasia using virtual planning and surgical navigation
Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign condition in which normal cancellous bone is replaced by immature woven bone and fibrous tissue. The present study aimed to estimate and compare the three-dimensional (3D) accuracy of bone contouring surgery for zygomaticomaxillary fibrous dysplasia (FD) performed using virtual planning and surgical navigation versus using surgeon's intraoperative assessment. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 30, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Shuo Liu, Wen-Bo Zhang, Yao Yu, Tai Wang, Xin Peng Source Type: research

Holistic Review in Residency Admissions
A number of years ago the National Board of Dental Examiners (NBDE) decided to convert Part I of the national dental boards into a pass-fail examination. Their rationale at the time was twofold. First, they knew that psychometrically the scoring method in use was flawed. The number of items in the various sections was too small to accurately show differences between individuals taking the examination. In other words, the test was not powerful enough for anyone to properly conclude that someone receiving a score of, for example, 90 was more capable than someone who had scored 89. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: James R. Hupp Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
(ISSN 0278-2391) is published monthly by Elsevier Inc, for the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 360 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010-1710. Business Office: 1600 John F. Kennedy Blvd, Ste 1800, Philadelphia, PA 19103-2899. Periodicals postage paid at New York, NY and additional mailing offices. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Editorial Board Page
(Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

AAOMS Author Disclosure forms
(Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

News and Announcements
Due to issues related to the COVID-19 pandemic, AAOMS is combining the educational content of its 2020 Annual Meeting and Dental Implant Conference into a virtual conference this fall. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 29, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: News and announcements Source Type: research

Is kaban ’s protocol justified in the present scenario?
The successful surgical management of TMJ ankylosis is a challenging procedure that the maxillofacial surgeons face in their practice. Non-compliance with active jaw exercises and relapse is infuriating for both the surgeon and the patient. In 1990, Kaban introduced a structured protocol and later modified it in 2009 with the advent of distraction osteogenesis.1.2 Traditionally, TMJ ankylosis was managed by osteoarthrectomy with or without TMJ reconstruction and secondary orthognathic procedures. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 24, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mohan Baliga, Aananya Mishra Source Type: research

Surgical Advances in the Management of the Silent Sinus Syndrome; Our Experience and Review of Literature
Silent sinus syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by ipsilateral enophthalmos and hypoglobus caused by collapse of the orbital floor in the presence of asymptomatic chronic maxillary sinusitis. The basic principles in the management are to address the diseased sinus and reconstruct the orbit concurrently or separately. Failure to accurately restore the orbit volume can have significant consequences on the patient. In this paper, we provide an update on current practices and highlight our experience of using computer-assisted planning and patient specific implant in managing this syndrome. (Source: Journal of Oral and ...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 24, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mirza Zain Baig, Joanna F. Weber, Faiz Bhora, Al Haitham Al Shetawi Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

A Novel Approach to Fiberoptic Intubation in COVID-19 Patients
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has created a strain on the healthcare workforce and industrial supply chains of personal protective equipment (PPE). In response, efforts have shifted to alternative methods to protect patients and healthcare providers. Several patient isolation hood designs have been proposed to reduce the risk of aerosolization during endotracheal intubation. However, oral and maxillofacial surgery commonly involves in patients with difficult airways that require fiberoptic intubation (FOI), which is not well suited for current h...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Andrew Robert Emery, Olga Saniukovich, Angela Lu Lang, R. John Tannyhill, Jingping Wang, AAOMS Disclosure Statement Source Type: research

Evaluation of Procedural Intra-operative Time for Head and Neck Infections: Impact on Surgeon Reimbursement
In the 1980s, Hsiao et al. reimagined physician reimbursement by designing the resource-based relative value scale (RBRVS) payment model, formalized and implemented in 1992.1 It acts as the standard payment model nationally.1 Within the RBRVS, a standardized metric, the relative value unit (RVU), was created to allow comparisons across diverse procedures and services. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 23, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jack A. Harris, Joseph P. McCain, Jason B. Untrauer, Yisi D. Ji Source Type: research

Body Image Disturbance and OCD Symptoms Improve after Orthognathic Surgery
Although body image disturbance (BID), anxiety, depression, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are the most common comorbid psychological conditions among orthognathic surgery (OS) patients, little is known about whether psychological symptoms relate to facial deformity or how symptoms change after OS. To fill these knowledge gaps, this study investigated pre- and postoperative psychological symptoms and preoperative baseline facial deformity in OS patients. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 22, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Astrid H äberle, Hamzah Alkofahi, Jia Qiao, Debra Safer, Paul Mittermiller, Roseanne Menorca, Amber W. Trickey, Sabine Girod Source Type: research

Rural Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon Case Mix Leads to Lower Medicare Reimbursement
A relative paucity of literature exists analyzing rural-urban differences in Medicare insurance claims by oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMSs). The purpose of this study is to compare Medicare utilization, billing practices and reimbursement rates between rural OMSs and their urban counterparts. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 21, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jack A. Harris, Yisi D. Ji, Nisarg A. Patel Source Type: research

Prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea risk according to the stop-bang questionnaire in an oral surgery office-based anesthesia patient population
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are at an increased risk for peri- and post-operative complications after receiving intravenous (IV) sedation or post-operative analgesia. We previously showed that the majority of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) providers do not screen for OSA using a quantifiable method. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of OSA risk in the OMS office-based anesthesia patient population using the STOP-BANG questionnaire. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 17, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jason M. Goldberg, Maxwell I. Silver, Michael P. Johnson Source Type: research

Does combined Low-Level Laser and LED light irradiation reduce pain, swelling, and trismus after surgical extraction of mandibular third molars? A Randomized double-blinded crossover study
Complications after mandibular third molars' extraction, including pain, swelling, and trismus, are common problematic phenomena for both patients and surgeons. The present study's main objective was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of combined low-level laser (LLL) and light-emitting diode (LED) irradiation on the recovery rate of such complications. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 17, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hassan Mohajerani, Faraj Tabeie, Arash Alirezaei, Ghazaleh Keyvani, Mehdi Bemanali Source Type: research

Induction, treatment, and prevention of temporomandibular joint ankylosis – a systematic review of comparative animal studies
Several animal models of temporomandibular joint ankylosis (TMJA) have been described over the last 2 decades. The aim of this study is twofold: (1) to compile and summarize the evidence of animal studies that compare different forms to induce, treat (disease already established), or prevent (following trauma) TMJA, and (2) to address the following focused question: What is the quality of reporting in these studies? (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 17, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jo ão Luiz Gomes Carneiro Monteiro, Fernando P.S. Guastaldi, Maria J. Troulis, Joseph P. McCain, Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos Source Type: research

The Early Effects of Coronavirus Disease-2019 on Head and Neck Oncology and Microvascular Reconstruction Practice: A National Survey of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons Enrolled in the Head and Neck Special Interest Group
The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected healthcare systems across the nation. The purpose of this study is to gauge the early effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on head and neck oncology and reconstructive surgery (HNORS) practice and evaluate their practice patterns especially ones that might be impacted by COVID-19 and compare them to the current literature. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Waleed Zaid, Thomas Schlieve Tags: Surgical oncology and reconstruction Source Type: research

Which Surgical Specialties Provide Craniomaxillofacial Trauma Services at ACS Level I Trauma Centers
Trauma Center (TC) designation is a process outlined and promulgated at a state or local level. Each state identifies specific criteria by which to categorize TCs. These categories vary from state to state, and are typically outlined through legislative or regulatory authority.1 TC Verification is an evaluation process done by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) to appraise and improve trauma care. The ACS does not designate TCs; instead, it verifies the presence of the resources listed in Resources for Optimal Care of the Injured Patient (ROCIP).1 While ACS verification is a laudable goal, some of the most renowned tra...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: David B. Powers, Visakha Suresh Source Type: research

“The early effects Of COVID-19 on head and neck oncology and microvascular reconstruction practice: National survey of oral and maxillofacial surgeons enrolled in the head and neck special interest group”
The global health organization announced COVID-19 as a pandemic, something reflected by the continuous surge in the number of infected patients in the US and worldwide. It is expected that only 20% of the population infected by the virus will need medical services. When we dissect the COVID-19 infected population further, calculated estimates are that 15% will have a severe illness, and 5% will have a critical illness with a mortality rate ranging between (0.25%-3%). Higher fatality is expected in the population over 80 years old and patients with underlining medical comorbidities. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Waleed Zaid, Thomas Schlieve Source Type: research

Machine Learning for Identification of Craniomaxillofacial Radiographic Lesions
The appropriate management of maxillofacial lesions relies heavily on diagnosis informed by radiographic interpretation. Given this, algorithmically-driven image analysis of radiographs has been an intense area of research within the field. Starting with periapical, and bitewing radiographs in general dentistry to panoramic, CT, MRI, and PET in maxillofacial surgery, many studies demonstrate the value in automated analysis of images to assist diagnosis and treatment. Made possible through significant advances in artificial intelligence (AI), the focus has shifted from hard-coded or regimented methodologies for image analys...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nikhil Mehandru, Wesley L. Hicks, Anurag K. Singh, Michael R. Markiewicz Source Type: research

Time to start asking the right question or at least admit we don ’t have the answer – Indications for elective neck dissection in early stage oral cavity cancer.
One of my great professional privileges has been to co-create a Clinical Trial Methods course for the American and International Associations of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. A critical segment of these courses is entitled “Errors in Clinical Trials”. The instructor uses examples of randomized perspective clinical trials (RCT’s) where outcomes were broadly adopted but that due to methodological error were later proved “dead wrong”, a term I use with intent. Trial design is a complicated process. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Brent B. Ward Source Type: research

Does repositioning of temporomandibular joint disc with bone anchors provide better clinical outcomes than conventional disc plication procedures for anterior disc displacements without reduction in patients refractory to non surgical treatments?
Although open temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthroplasty with discopexy is a common treatment for patients with anterior disc displacements without reduction (ADDWo) unresponsive to medical management, there are no studies in literature comparing disc repositioning with bone anchors and conventional discopexy procedure. The purpose of the study was to compare the efficacy of disc repositioning with bone anchors to the conventional discopexy procedure for ADDWo of TMJ refractory to medical management. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jithin Sasikumar Puthukkudiyil, Ongkila Bhutia, Ajoy Roychoudhury, Krushna Bhatt, Rahul Yadav, Ashu Sieth Bhalla Source Type: research

Does Open Reduction and Internal Fixation Provide a Quality-of-Life Benefit over Traditional Closed Reduction of Mandibular Condyle Fractures?
This study sought to estimate patient-reported outcomes and compare quality-of-life (QoL) measures between patients electing for either open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) or closed reduction intermaxillary fixation (CRIMF). (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 16, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Keyur Naik, Kevin C. Lee, Andrea Torroni Source Type: research

Relieving Emergency Department Burden During COVID-19: Section 1135 Waivers for Dental Case Diversion
Many hospital emergency departments (EDs) are currently overburdened with evaluation and management of COVID-19 cases. Dental emergencies, generally attributed to infection or trauma, are costly and inefficiently managed in the ED setting, yet remain in the caseload. Additionally, given the current scarcity of personal protective equipment, staff, and operating rooms, patients who present to EDs with dental pain would be best suited to be immediately referred to an independent dental office. Although current law mandates the evaluation of all patients who present to the ED, legislative carve outs made possible by recent Un...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 15, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nisarg A. Patel, Joseph K. Yun, Salim Afshar Source Type: research

Is There an Increase in the Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea After Isolated Mandibular Setback Surgery? An Evaluation Using the STOP-BANG Questionnaire
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of isolated mandibular setback surgery on the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), using the STOP-BANG questionnaire (SBQ). (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Niusha Yavari, Sahand Samieirad, Ali Labafchi, Fariba Rezaeetalab, Majid Eshghpour Tags: Craniomaxillofacial deformities/sleep disorders/cosmetic surgery Source Type: research

Prophylactic Internal Fixation to Avoid Mandible Fracture With Third Molar Removal: Use of Computer-Assisted Surgery to Improve Clinical Outcomes
Although uncommon, iatrogenic fractures of the mandible may occur during the perioperative time period of a lower third molar removal. The case described used digital technology to apply prophylactic internal fixation before a lower third molar removal thought to be at high risk for a mandible fracture. A medical model of the patient's mandible was 3-dimensionally printed and used as a reference to prebend a titanium plate. Dynamic navigation, a form of computer-assisted surgery, was used during the surgery to accurately place the prebent titanium plate according to the corresponding position on the medical model. (Source:...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael J. Hartman, David M. Sibley Tags: Dentoalveolar Surgery Source Type: research

Is There an Increase in the Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Following Isolated Mandibular Setback Surgery? An Evaluation Using the STOP-BANG Questionnaire.
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of isolated mandibular setback surgery on the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), using the STOP-BANG questionnaire (SBQ). (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Niusha Yavari, Sahand Samieirad, Ali Labafchi, Fariba Rezaeetalab, Majid Eshghpour Source Type: research

Prophylactic Internal Fixation to Avoid Mandible Fracture with Third Molar Removal: Utilization of Computer Assisted Surgery to Improve Clinical Outcomes.
While uncommon, iatrogenic fractures of the mandible may occur during the perioperative time period of a lower third molar removal. The case described used digital technology to apply prophylactic internal fixation prior to a lower third molar removal thought to be at high risk for a mandible fracture. A medical model of the patient ’s mandible was 3- dimensionally (3D) printed and used as a reference to pre-bend a titanium plate. Dynamic navigation, a form of computer assisted surgery, was used during the surgery to accurately place the pre-bent titanium plate according to the corresponding position on the medical m...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael J. Hartman, David M. Sibley Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Management of post-traumatic maxillofacial pseudoaneurysms: review of literature and suggested algorithm
A pseudoaneurysm (PA) is a collection of blood caused by an incomplete tear in the vessel wall. PA can be arterial (APA) or venous (VPA) in origin. In the maxillofacial region, APA can result from surgical interventions. VPAs in the maxillofacial region have never been described. A standardized protocol for management of post-traumatic PAs in the maxillofacial region would help clinicians make treatment decisions. The purpose of this project was to discuss the treatment algorithm for management of post-traumatic maxillofacial PAs. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 14, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Dina Amin, Sruthi Satishchandran, James M. Hamilton, Jonathan A. Grossberg, Shelly Abramowicz Source Type: research

Effect of Platelet-Rich Fibrin in Surgical Treatment of Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw
To the Editor: —We have read with great interest the article by Szentpeteri et al1 on the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membranes in the surgical therapy of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). We congratulate the authors for having clearly highlighted in their article the possible role o f PRF in accelerating the healing process. Given the importance of the topic they analyzed, we would like to comment on some weak points of the article. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Amerigo Giudice, Selene Barone, Francesco Bennardo Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Use of Intraoperative Biplanar Fluoroscopy for Minimally Invasive Retrieval of a Broken Dental Needle
This report describes a case of needle breakage during a left-sided inferior alveolar nerve block being administered to perform restorative dentistry on 56-year-old male. The needle was removed in conjunction with interventional neuroradiology using biplanar fluoroscopy. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Alexander Margolis, Alyssa Loparich, Eytan Raz, Kenneth E. Fleisher Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

The effectiveness of hyaluronic acid in controlling pain, edema and trismus after extraction of third molars: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Evaluate the clinical evidences of the hyaluronic acid in minimizing inflammatory parameters such as pain, edema and trismus after third molar extraction. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Glaciele Maria de Souza, Gabriel Mariano Elias, Pedro Figueiredo Pereira de Andrade, K éssia Nara Andrade Sales, Endi Lanza Galvão, Saulo Gabriel Moreira Falci Source Type: research

Effects of dexamethasone and Low-level laser therapy on pain, swelling and quality of life after buccal fat pad removal: a clinical trial
In the present study we aimed to compare the effects of low-level laser therapy and dexamethasone on the pain, swelling, and the quality-of-life of patients having buccal fat pad removal. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Diego assun ção Calixto da silva, Fabio de lucas da Silva almeida, Tamara Melo nunes ota, Douglas magno Guimaraes, Kristianne porta santos Fernandes Source Type: research

Evaluation of tissue tensions in segmental maxillary osteotomies by finite element analysis
Maxillary segmentation associated with Le Fort I osteotomy is a surgical technique used to correct transverse maxillary discrepancies. Notwithstanding advances over the years, there are still complications arising from this surgical intervention, including maintaining sufficient blood supply and excessive tension of the palatal fibromucosa. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the effect of the force applied during surgery on bone dislocation and fibromucosa tension in different maxillary segmentation designs by finite element analysis. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 13, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: MSc Ricardo Sommerfeld, Resident Isabela Polesi Bergamaschi, Rafaela Scariot, Departament Head Delson Jo ão da Costa Source Type: research

Outcomes of Direct Lingual Nerve Repair After an Injury: A Systematic Review
The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis to investigate the outcomes of direct lingual nerve repair after injury. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 9, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mark Kogan, Kevin C. Lee, Sung-Kiang Chuang, Vincent B. Ziccardi Tags: Pathology Source Type: research

Promoting Centers for Transgender Care
The speculated premise is that millennials are and will be a more tolerant generation than their predecessors. The visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people has continued to increase following the historic ruling by the US Supreme court in 2015 legalizing same-sex marriage across the country. In 2015, the National Center for Transgender Equality conducted the US Transgender Survey (USTS) [1]. Of 27,715 respondents, 40% reported a lifetime suicide attempt. While 39% reported currently experiencing serious psychological distress in contrast to the 5% figure for the general population. (Source: Journ...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 9, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Steven Halepas, Kevin C. Lee, Walter Bockting, Elie M. Ferneini Source Type: research

Outcomes of direct lingual nerve repair following an injury: A systematic review
This study conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis to investigate the outcomes of direct lingual nerve repair following injury. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 9, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mark Kogan, Kevin C. Lee, Sung-Kiang Chuang, Vincent B. Ziccardi Source Type: research

Can Patients with Isolated Mandibular Fractures be Treated as Outpatients?
Treating mandibular fractures urgently is controversial. The purpose of this study was to estimate and compare the rates of postoperative inflammatory complications (POICs) in patients with isolated mandibular fractures treated non-urgently using an outpatient protocol versus a traditional, urgent inpatient protocol. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 7, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Cameron C. Lee, Matthew E. Lawler, R. John Tannyhill, Thomas B. Dodson, Zachary S. Peacock Source Type: research

Disease-Modifying Therapies: A New Face for Articular Temporomandibular Joint Disease
To the Editor: —The recent article by Laskin1 shed light on a heterogeneous group of pathologies that are generically allocated as “temporomandibular disorders” in search of effective guidelines and has already shown a way: dividing the etiologies into muscular and joint conditions. Muscular pathologies are more successful in clinical treatment and are much more frequent than those of joint origin.2 The pathologies that can affect the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) may have a similar evolution to the diseases that affect the other joints of the body; therefore, the evolution of degenerative joint...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 5, 2020 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rog ério Henrique Berardi, Fernando K. Horikawa, Elio H. Shinohara Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research