Third Molar Patient Education Materials
Laskin et  al1 recently reported that viewing an informational video discussing the removal of impacted teeth did not reduce, and may have even exacerbated, patient anxiety. This led the authors to recommend that verbal and written information be provided at the initial consultation appointment to supplement informed consent and reinforce the positive aspects of treatment. Adding to the discussion of patient education materials (PEMs), some readers may be interested in the content and readability of existing online PEMs that patients may already be using for third molar surgery. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kevin C. Lee, Hossein E. Jazayeri, Sung-Kiang Chuang Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

The Influence of Dissection Range of the Facial Nerve on Transient Postoperative Facial Palsy in Mandibular Condyle Fractures
This study examined the relation between dissection range of facial nerve branches and transient postoperative facial palsy caused by nerve traction for open treatment of mandibular condyle fractures using a preauricular approach. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jeong-min Yoon, Hyonsurk Kim, Eul-Sik Yoon, Seung-Ha Park, Byung-il Lee Tags: Craniomaxillofacial trauma Source Type: research

Ankylosis of the Coronoid Process to the Zygomatic Bone : A Case Report and Review of the Literature
Extra-articular temporomandibular bony ankylosis between the zygomatic bone and coronoid process is a rare condition. Currently, there are (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sang Min Lee, Jin-A. Baek, Yongsoo Kim Source Type: research

Long Term Stability of Condylectomy and Costochondral Graft Reconstruction for Treatment of Idiopathic Condylar Resorption
To assess and update long-term outcomes of endoscopic condylectomy and costochondral graft (CCG) reconstruction for treatment of active idiopathic condylar resorption (ICR). (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Zachary S. Peacock, Cameron C.Y. Lee, Maria J. Troulis, Leonard B. Kaban Source Type: research

Three- dimensional analysis of transverse width of hard tissue and soft tissue after mandibular setback surgery using intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy : a retrospective study
This study investigated short- and long-term postoperative TMW changes in soft and hard tissue following IVRO for mandibular prognathism . (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sang Hyun Song, Jun-Young Kim, Sung Hwa Lee, Jin Hoo Park, Hwi-Dong Jung, Young-Soo Jung Source Type: research

Response to the letter to the editor: Comment on “Streptococcus anginosus Dental Implant-Related Osteomyelitis of the Jaws: An Insidious and Calamitous Entity”
We thank Drs Nicot, Schlund, and Raoul for their observations and insightful additional comments regarding our recent article on dental implant-related suppurative osteomyelitis of the jaws (DIOMJ) from Streptococcus anginosus.1 (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 16, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Paolo Scolozzi, Sibylle Chatelain, Jacques Schrenzel, Tommaso Lombardi Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Orthognathic Surgery Has a Significant Positive Effect on Perceived Personality Traits and Perceived Emotional Expressions in Long Face Subjects
Crowdsourcing is increasingly being used in medical research to obtain the opinion and perception of laypeople. The investigators hypothesized that a layperson ’s perception of a long-face dentofacial deformity (DFD) patient is more favorable after orthognathic surgery than before surgery with regard to perceived personality traits and emotional facial expressions. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 15, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jeffrey C. Posnick, Brian E. Kinard Source Type: research

Comment on “Streptococcus anginosus Dental Implant-Related Osteomyelitis of the Jaws: An Insidious and Calamitous Entity”
This article described and analyzed data from a series of patients with S anginosus DIOMJ, emphasizing the aggressiveness of this particular pathologic entity. I t is indeed characterized by deep neck space abscess formation requiring extraoral drainage, several surgical debridement procedures, radical surgical reconstructive procedures, prolonged anti-biotherapy (average, 9 months), and bacterial penicillin resistance. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Romain Nicot, Matthias Schlund, Gwenael Raoul Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Conservative treatment of a periapical cementoblastoma: a case report
This report presents the case of a 33-year-old cementoblastoma-affected woman who underwent conservative treatment to preserve her tooth in the oral cavity. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 12, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Daniella Cristina Borges, Paulo Rog ério de Faria, Helvécio Marangon Júnior, Leonardo Bíscaro Pereira Source Type: research

The processing of xenografts will result in different clinical responses.
Clinicians may decide to use a xenograft to reconstruct an osseous defect. Xenografts are processed differently depending on manufacturer.The purpose of this article is to review processing methods and the clinical ramifications of these processing methods on the behavior of xenografts. The difference in surface morphology of xenografts based on processing is reviewed. When used for grafting the extraction socket, ridge contour preservation or reconstruction, xenografts may result in different resorption rates over time. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 12, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael S. Block Source Type: research

Evaluation of the parotid gland function before and after endoscopy-assisted stone removal
To quantify the gland function before and after endoscopy-assisted lithectomy for patients with parotid stones, and to analyze the correlations among different evaluation modalities. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ya-Qiong Zhang, Xin Ye, Yuan Meng, Ya-Ning Zhao, Deng-Gao Liu, Guang-Yan Yu Source Type: research

CCR4 expression is associated with poor prognosis in patients with early stage (pN0) oral tongue cancer
In this study, we measured the association between CCR4 expression and prognosis in patients with histologically node-negative (pN0) oral tongue cancer. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Lei Wang, Mei Zhang, Yuntao Zhu, Xin Zhang, Yongmei Yang, Chuanxin Wang Source Type: research

Efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in minimizing bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) after dental extraction: a preliminary animal study
Except few case reports, there is no study on the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in reducing or preventing bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ). This preliminary animal study assessed the effectiveness of this clinical treatment. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Farzin Sarkarat, Alireza Modarresi, Nasim Chiniforush, Lilia Yazdanparast, Vahid Rakhshan Source Type: research

Both the Observer ’s Expertise and the Subject’s Facial Symmetry Can Affect Anatomical Position of the Head
It is easier for us to judge facial deformity when the patient ’s head is in anatomic position. The purposes of this study were to determine: 1) if a group of expert observers agree more than a group of non-experts on what is the correct anatomical position of the head, 2) whether there is more variation in the alignment of an asymmetrical face compared with a symmetrical one, and 3) whether the alignments of experts are more repeatable than those of non-experts. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Peter H. Sutton, Jamie Gateno, Jeryl D. English, Jaya Paranilam, John F. Teichgraeber, James J. Xia Source Type: research

Positive Association between Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio and Presence of Panoramically Imaged Carotid Atheromas Among Men
Heightened levels of systemic inflammation documented by elevated neutrophil-lymphocyte ratios (NLRs) characterize robust atherosclerosis processes evidenced by carotid and coronary artery plaques on ultrasound and angiography with associated strokes and myocardial infarctions (MIs). Therefore, we sought to determine if calcified carotid artery plaques (CCAP) on panoramic images (PIs), known to herald future stroke and MI, are associated with elevated NLRs. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Arthur H. Friedlander, Urie K. Lee, John C. Polanco, Hoang-Anh Tran, Tina I. Chang, Robert S. Redman Source Type: research

High density of intratumor CD45RO+ memory tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes predicts favorable prognosis in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma
While tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) have been increasingly appreciated as novel biomarkers for prognostic prediction in cancer, little attention has been paid to the CD45RO+ memory TILs and its associations with clinical outcomes in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The purpose of this study was to determine the associations between CD45RO+ TILs and clinicopathological parameters and prognosis in OSCC. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Chen Zhou, Jin Li, Yaping Wu, Pengfei Diao, Jianrong Yang, Jie Cheng Source Type: research

3D Volumetric Analysis of Relationship between the Orbital Volume Ratio and Enophthalmos in Unoperated Blowout Fractures
This study examined which of these values is more predictive of the degree of enophthalmos. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jae-Hyuk Yang, Seung Bae Hwang, Jin Yong Shin, Si-Gyun Roh, Suk Choo Chang, Nae-Ho Lee Source Type: research

Patient-controlled analgesia and length of hospital stay in orthognathic surgery: A randomized control trial
The objective of this prospective randomized controlled pilot study for patients undergoing orthognathic surgery was to compare the hospital length of stay (LOS) in patients using intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) to those patients on scheduled and as needed (pro re nata; prn) oral analgesia. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Frank Sheng-Chun Chang, Dieter Paul Gebauer, Sally Burrows Source Type: research

What is the Safety Zone for palatal soft tissue graft harvesting based upon the locations of the Greater Palatine Artery and Foramen? A systematic review
Palatal soft tissue graft harvesting is a common procedure in periodontal and implant dentistry. However, most of the complications following this procedure are associated with the underestimation of anatomical structures, such as the greater palatine artery (GPA). Therefore, the aim of the present study was to provide guidelines for a safety palatal harvesting. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Lorenzo Tavelli, Shayan Barootchi, Andrea Ravid à, Tae-Ju Oh, Hom-Lay Wang Source Type: research

Melanotic Neuroectodermal Tumor of Infancy (MNTI): Case Report and Review of Management
Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rare pigmented tumor of the head and neck which most commonly presents during the first year of life. Most cases present in the bones of craniofacial region, including the maxilla (60.3%), skull (18.1%) and mandible (10.3%). The alveolar crest of the anterior maxilla is the most common site.1-3 (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 4, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Max R. Emmerling, Teresa A. York, John F. Caccamese Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Clinical Success of Dental Implants placed in posterior mandible augmented with interpositional block graft: 3-year results from a prospective cohort clinical study
The purpose of the present cohort study was to investigate the 3-year efficacy and clinical performance of implant-supported rehabilitations in posterior mandibles augmented with the sandwich osteotomy technique. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 3, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Simone Marconcini, Ugo Covani, Enrica Giammarinaro, Eugenio Velasco Ortega, Daniele De Santis, Fortunato Alfonsi, Antonio Barone Source Type: research

Perineurioma of the Tongue: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
A perineurioma is a rare benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor derived from perineurial cells. Based on clinical and pathologic features, perineuriomas can be classified into two major subtypes: intraneural perineurioma and the more common extraneural perineurioma. Both extraneural and intraneural perineuiomas are extremely rare in the oral cavity, and there have been only 38 reported cases (21 EPNs, 17 IPNs). In the current case, a 20-year-old male presented with a painless left dorsal tongue mass. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 3, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Caleb M. Schadel, Craig W. Anderson, Angela C. Chi, Martin B. Steed Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Ultra-Short Implants for Rehabilitation of the Edentulous Posterior Mandible: Outcomes after 2 Years
Rehabilitation of the posterior mandible when limited bone is present is one of the more difficult challenges in implant dentistry. Several techniques have been proposed to vertically augment bone. However, these techniques are unpredictable in the hands of the majority of the clinicians and associated with more trauma and a high incidence of failure. The use of short implants (6-8 mm) has been very well-documented in the literature. Recently, ultra-short implants (4 mm) became available and are 1 more option for rehabilitation of patients with vertical defects in the posterior mandible. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: W.D. Polido, L.S. Nunes Tags: Dental Implant Abstract Session Source Type: research

Comparison of CBCT and Panoramic Radiographs to Determine Anatomic Limitations for Implant Placement in the Posterior Mandible
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) and/or panoramic radiography are critical in planning implant surgery to avoid complications, but the literature lacks consensus on the absolute indications for CBCT. Some studies suggest panoramic images alone may suffice for routine cases, while the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology recommends CBCT for all implant surgeries. Indications for CBCT are perhaps most unclear in the posterior mandible where the surgeon must contend with both the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) and lingual concavities (LC). (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: K.M. Baird, W. Barker, M.K. Nair, A.M. Read-Fuller Tags: Dental Implant Abstract Session Source Type: research

Comparison of Osseointegration between 5 Different Titanium Implant Surfaces
The surface properties of an implant plays the most important role in osseointegration. Titanium dental implants are produced applying different methods such as grit blasting, acid etching, coating, and combination of these techniques yielding materials with roughened surfaces. Those techniques are used to optimize the surface characteristics and to enhance biocompatibility and bioactivity with bone tissue. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M.E. Yurttutan, A. M. Tuzuner Oncul, M. Alkaya Tags: Dental Implant Abstract Session Source Type: research

Integrity of Human Mandibular Angle after Block Graft Harvest from Mandibular Body
The purpose this study is to analyze the integrity of the human mandibular angle after block graft harvest from mandibular body. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: S. Sittitavornwong Tags: Dental Implant Abstract Session Source Type: research

Academic and Professional Admission Tools and Outcomes on National Licensure
National licensure scores act as surrogates for subsequent endpoints in medical practice. For national licensure, strong pre-interview screening tests predictive of  future cognitive performance exist – that of Grade Point Average (GPA), Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) (Tamblyn, Abrahamowicz, Dauphinee, Wenghofer, Jacques, Klass, et al. 2007). The same does not hold true for national licensure endpoints reflective of personal/professional characterist ics. To the same extent, GPA and MCAT does not adequately address the need for prediction of outcomes associated with personal/professional characterist...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: K.L. Dore Tags: Dental Implant Abstract Session Source Type: research

The Current State of Academic Productivity Among Trainees: A Longitudinal Bibliometric Analysis of the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Unlike many other surgical disciplines, there is no study in the literature that quantitatively assesses the progress of academic output of dental students and residents in oral and maxillofacial surgery. The value of research in medicine is heavily emphasized, and medical students and residents alike are motivated to participate in impactful research that will allow them to advance the specialty of their interest (1, 2). However, the same level of importance has not been placed on increased academic productivity in the earliest stages of training in this specialty. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: H.E. Jazayeri, B.R. Carr, A. Kumar, S. Wang, S.K. Chuang, R.M. Shanti Tags: Dental Implant Abstract Session Source Type: research

Revision Palatoplasty for Velopharyngeal Dysfunction Using Bilateral Buccal Myomucosal Flaps: An Assessment of Speech Outcomes
Between 5% and 20% of patients following primary palatoplasty have velopharyngeal dysfunction (VPD) resulting in hypernasal speech. Common operations to treat this include pharyngeal flap and sphincter pharyngoplasty. Both of these procedures change the anatomy of the velopharyngeal port and carry the risk of obstructive sleep apnea and/or hyponasal speech. As an alternative to avoid these risks, revision palatoplasty using bilateral buccal flaps (RPBBF) has received increased attention.1 The aim of this study is to assess the perceptual, acoustic, and aerodynamic characteristics of speech before and after RPBBF to treat V...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J.A. Napoli, L.D. Vallino, J. Buckley Tags: Pediatrics and Cleft Abstract Session Source Type: research

Impact of the Distance of Maxillary Advancement on Horizontal Relapse after Orthognathic Surgery
The maxillary horizontal relapse following Le Fort I advancement has been estimated to be 10%-50%. This retrospective review examines the direct relationship of the amount of maxillary advancement to the amount of relapse. We hypothesize that the greater the advancement, the greater the relapse amount. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: L.T. Odono, A. Fahradyan, E.M. Wolfswinkel, M. Tsuha, M. Urata, J. Hammoudeh, D.D.R. Yamashita Tags: Pediatrics and Cleft Abstract Session Source Type: research

Long-Term Analysis of Secondary Bone Grafting in 79 Cleft Lip and Palate Patients By Cone Beam Commuted Tomography
Evaluating the outcomes of the alveolar bone grafting procedures in patients has been challenging for a multitude of reasons, including the limited number of patients, their demographic heterogeneity and complex anatomy, and differences in treatment protocols at various institutions. The purpose of this study was to use Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) analysis to evaluate the long-term radiographic outcomes of anterior iliac crest bone grafting (AICBG) on cleft lip patients who had an associated alveolar cleft with the aim to discover patient or clinical factors that influence the long-term radiographic success of the...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: T.D. Anver Tags: Pediatrics and Cleft Abstract Session Source Type: research

Rates of Gastrostomy Tube Placement in Infants with Robin Sequence
Patients with Robin Sequence (RS) typically present with airway obstruction and feeding impairment during infancy. Some require an operation to relieve the airway obstruction, such as tongue-lip adhesion (TLA), mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO), or tracheostomy (trach). As the airway obstruction is usually the cause of the feeding difficulties, oral feeding may improve after the airway obstruction is resolved. Patients with prolonged inability to feed orally, however, will require gastrostomy tube (G-tube) insertion. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: K.E. Ghoul, C.E. Calabrese, M.J. Koudstaal, C.M. Resnick Tags: Pediatrics and Cleft Abstract Session Source Type: research

Experience with a New Internal Distractor in Patients with Cleft Lip and Palate: The Transnasal Device
Le Fort I distraction is indicated in a patient with severe maxillary deficiency, when the anticipated magnitude of the bony movement is deemed likely to be unstable using conventional orthognathic surgery. This is particularly the case in patients with cleft lip and palate. Distraction can be performed using external or internal devices with a multitude of designs, each having certain advantages and disadvantages. Preference is operator-dependent. It is the purpose of this presentation to introduce a new internal transnasal Le Fort I distractor. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M.A. Lypka Tags: Pediatrics and Cleft Abstract Session Source Type: research

Publication Incidence for Oral Abstracts and Posters from the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons: 2010-2014
The quality of national society conferences is often assessed indirectly by the journal publication rate of the abstracts presented. The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to assess the full-text journal publication incidence of abstracts presented at the AAOMS conference between 2010 and 2014 and determine the publication plateau most suited for the analysis. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: D.C. Rushing, C.J. Rushing, A. Ospina, S. McClure, N. Cummings Tags: Pediatrics and Cleft Abstract Session Source Type: research

Right Vs. Left Orbital Volume Comparisons: a Direct Measure in 242 Orbits
Comprehensive knowledge of the bony orbit is a necessity for diagnosing and repair of orbital fractures due to trauma. Many studies have been performed to assess shape, contour, and volume of the bony orbit.1 Restoration of orbital volume in some patients is critical in achieving successful outcomes following injury to the orbit, particularly in cases of enophthalmos and diplopia. Anatomical and radiographic studies suggest orbital volumes of 25-30 cc, left to right differences of 2-7.5%, and person-to-person variability of 22%. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R. Tandon, L. Aljadeff, R.A. Finn, T. Schlieve Tags: Trauma Abstract Session Source Type: research

Evaluation and Correlation of Subjective and Objective Neurosensory Recovery Following Skeletonization of the Mental Nerve in Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Mandible Fractures
Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of mandible fractures may require manipulation of the mental nerve to facilitate osseous reduction and plate fixation, which may lead to prolonged or permanent paresthesia. The aim of this study was to evaluate and correlate the subjective and objective neurosensory recovery of the mental nerve following skeletonization in ORIF of mandible fractures. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: S. Godwin, E. Becker, J.E. Cillo Tags: Trauma Abstract Session Source Type: research

Postoperative Quality-of-Life Analysis of Open Versus Closed Reduction of Mandibular Condyle Fractures: Our Experience
The treatment of unilateral mandibular condylar fractures remains a topic that continues to elicit controversy. Closed reduction with maxillomandibular fixation (CRMMF) and open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) are two widely accepted treatment options. Several studies attempted to illustrate the advantage of ORIF by demonstrating better anatomical reduction and functional outcomes (Throckmorton& Ellis, 2000; Ishihama et al., 2007; Singh et al., 2011). However, a number of studies showed no significant differences in functional outcomes between the two procedures, and some favored CRMMF due to the lack of potent...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: K. Naik, B.G. O ’Connor, A. Torroni Tags: Trauma Abstract Session Source Type: research

Is the Mandible Injury Severity Score a Valid Measure of Mandibular Injury Severity?
Management of isolated mandible fractures remains controversial with highly variable outcomes data and complication rates.1,2 Because of the frequency of mandible fractures, significant research has been devoted to identifying ideal treatment protocols.2 While these studies have been useful in improving the efficacy of mandible fracture treatment, their utility in directing treatment decisions has been limited by a failure to measure and control for fracture severity as a confounding variable. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R.N. Nishimoto, T.B. Dodson, M.S. Lang Tags: Trauma Abstract Session Source Type: research

Utilizing the Epidemiology of Head, Face and Neck Injuries Sustained By US and UK Military Personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan to Identify the Surgical Training Requirements for Future Conflicts
The conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan saw a greater proportion of head, face, and neck (HFN) injuries sustained by United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK) service personnel than that experienced in previous conflicts [1,2]. Military surgeons managing such wounds had to relearn skills not required since the Vietnam and Falklands campaigns. One method for optimizing training and tailoring the skill sets required in readiness for future conflicts is the accurate identification of the types of injuries sustained in previous conflicts. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J. Breeze, D.B. Powers, J. Combes, J. DuBose Tags: Trauma Abstract Session Source Type: research

The Effect of OMS Curriculum Design on USMLE Step 1 Performance
Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents ’ performance on United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 has historically been a point of concern for medical schools accepting OMS residents into an MD integrated curriculum. Many medical schools require significant pre-clinical classes for these residents, in part, because of the concern that an OMS resident will have a difficult time passing USMLE Step 1 without additional, formal pre-clinical instruction. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: A.P. Fagin, M.E. Engelstad Tags: Trauma Abstract Session Source Type: research

Evaluation of Andrews ’ Analysis As a Predictor of Ideal Sagittal Maxillary Positioning in Orthognathic Surgery
There is no universally accepted method for determining the ideal sagittal position of the maxilla in orthognathic surgery. In “Element II” of “The Six Elements of Orofacial Harmony,” Andrews used the forehead to define the goal maxillary position. The purpose of this study was to compare how well this analysis correlated with postoperative findings in patients who underwent bimaxillary orthognathic surgery planned using other guidelines. We hypothesized that the Andrews analysis would more consistently reflect clinical outcomes than standard angular and linear measurements. (Source: Journal of Oral...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: C.M. Resnick, S. Kim, R. Yorlets, C.E. Calabrese, Z.S. Peacock, L.B. Kaban Tags: Cosmetic and Orthognathic Surgery Abstract Session Source Type: research

Volumetric Airway Analysis Following Maxillomandibular Advancement Surgery for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Preliminary Results
Maxillomandibular advancement surgery (MMA) is a well-established treatment option for patients with moderate to severe OSA1,2. The primary objective of this prospective study is to quantify pharyngeal airway volume changes in patients who have undergone MMA surgery for treatment of OSA, and determine the relationship between airway changes and changes to the post-operative Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI). (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: G.M. Barzan, R. Goodday Tags: Cosmetic and Orthognathic Surgery Abstract Session Source Type: research

Body Image Dysmorphic Symptoms Improve after Orthognathic Surgery While Anxiety and Depression Are Unchanged
With the often-dramatic esthetic improvements following orthognathic surgery (OS), it is possible that there are psychopathological benefits to the patients. Compared to the general population, significantly higher preoperative levels of depression, 1) body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), 2) anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been reported in OS patients. Little is known about the changes that occur in the psychopathology of patients after surgery, or how psychosocial benefits are affected by prior psychopathology, especially in patients who met preoperative criteria for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). (Sourc...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: H. Alkofahi, D. Safer, R. Menorca, K. Blum, A.W. Trickey, S. Girod Tags: Cosmetic and Orthognathic Surgery Abstract Session Source Type: research

Do Steiner or Harvold Cephalometric Analyses Better Correlate with Clinical Impression in Orthognathic Surgery Patients?
Cephalometric analyses are routinely used to aid diagnosis, plan treatment, and assess outcomes in patients with dentofacial deformities.1 Steiner analysis provides angular measurements for maxilla (SNA: sella-nasion-A point) and mandible (SNB: sella-nasion-B point). Harvold analysis is less commonly used and consists of linear measurements for maxilla (MXU: condylion to anterior nasal spine) and mandible (MDU: condylion to gnathion). Few data exist comparing these analyses with clinical diagnosis and operative management. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: B.W. Wu, L.B. Kaban, Z.S. Peacock Tags: Cosmetic and Orthognathic Surgery Abstract Session Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Stabilization of Differently Designed Custom Made Positionary Bone Plates for the Le Fort I Osteotomy in Open Bite Deformity Using Finite Element Analysis
Many different fixation methods have been proposed in the literature for the treatment of open bite deformity with orthognathic surgery. Beginning with the use of plates and screws, functional and rigid fixation methods have become more popular. However, despite these fixation methods, open bite is still a deformity prone to relapse. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: A. Apaydin, A. Kundakcioglu Tags: Cosmetic and Orthognathic Surgery Abstract Session Source Type: research

Rate of Hospital Admission and Emergency Department Visits after Orthognathic Surgery Performed in a Surgery Center Setting
The aim of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of performing orthognathic surgery in a surgery center setting with same-day discharge of patients. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: P. Kupfer, P.B. Franco, B.B. Farrell Tags: Cosmetic and Orthognathic Surgery Abstract Session Source Type: research

Opioid Prescribing Protocol Effect on Oral Surgery Clinic Prescribing Patterns
Opioid abuse in the United States continues in epidemic proportions. In 2016, an average of 175 deaths per day were attributed to an opioid overdose. Forty deaths per day (22.5%) were from semi-synthetic opioid such as hydrocodone and oxycodone. Dentists and oral surgeons are leading prescribers of these analgesics in adolescent patients and frequently are first-time prescribers to opioid-naive patients. In the first quarter of 2016, the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery implemented a mandatory opioid prescribing protocol. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R.A. Nadeau, C.L. Wagner, A.B. Sunstrum, K. Hasstedt, H.K. Tu Tags: Anesthesia Abstract Session Source Type: research

Does Preemptive Low-Dose Ketamine Aid Postoperative Analgesia after Third Molar Extraction?
Postoperative pain management after third molar surgery is an increasing concern as the opioid crisis causes surgeons to rethink prescribing practices. Reducing the amount of opioid prescribed for moderate to severe pain is now a goal of patient management. Preoperative low-dose ketamine has proven effective in reducing the need for postoperative opioid analgesics in cervical spine and urologic surgery (1, 2). This investigation employed a similar preoperative dosing schedule to determine if there was a demonstrable analgesic effect that would mitigate opioid use in third molar surgery. (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J.H. Campbell, J.H. Campbell Tags: Anesthesia Abstract Session Source Type: research

Are Opioids Necessary after Third Molar Extraction?
Drug overdose has become the leading cause of death in Americans under age 50, with 66% from opioid abuse, and the FDA has declared an opioid epidemic in the US. As of 2016, more than 289 million prescriptions per year were for opioids, and 12-17 year olds were one-third of all new abusers. The majority of patients seen by oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMS) for wisdom tooth removal fall into this age group, and OMSs commonly prescribe opioids for several days for post-operative analgesia. However, as more evidence is presented, it is apparent that opioids may not be required routinely, and adequate pain control may be a...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: A. Hawkins, W. Flick, M. Miloro Tags: Anesthesia Abstract Session Source Type: research

Upper Airway Stimulation for Patients Declining Maxillomandibular Advancement for Treatment of Moderate to Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Upper airway stimulation (UAS) of the Hypoglossal nerve is an important addition, beyond soft tissue and skeletal operations, to the surgical management of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).[1] The aim of the study was to analyze the outcome of UAS in patients with moderate to severe OSA who decline, or who are not appropriate candidates for maxillomandibular advancement (MMA). (Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 1, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: C. Chang, C. Gouveia, S.Y.C. Liu Tags: Anesthesia Abstract Session Source Type: research