Development of a Programme Theory for Early Intervention Vocational Rehabilitation: A Realist Literature Review
Conclusions This appears to be the first paper to explore how EIVR works, for whom and in what situations. We have produced a programme theory that may provide an initial understanding of EIVR following acquired neurological conditions. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - September 15, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Towards the Use of 2D Video-Based Markerless Motion Capture to Measure and Parameterize Movement During Functional Capacity Evaluation
Conclusions 2D video-based pose estimation offers a strategy to objectively measure movement and subsequently calculated metrics of interest within an FCE context and setting, but at present the agreement between metrics calculated using 2D video-based methods and 3D motion capture is insufficient. Therefore, continued effort is required to improve the accuracy of 2D-video based pose estimation prior to inclusion into functional testing paradigms. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - September 13, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Correction to: Job Crafting Among American Workers with Disabilities
(Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - September 13, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Trajectories of Vocational Recovery Among Persons with Severe Mental Illness Participating in a Randomized Three-Group Superiority Trial of Individual Placement and Support (IPS) in Denmark
ConclusionThere was high heterogeneity in the identified VR trajectories, despite that all participants expressed a desire for work and education at baseline. Improvements of the IPS intervention are needed to support specific groups in achieving and retaining employment. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - September 12, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Timing of Health Service Use Among Truck Drivers After a Work-Related Injury or Illness
Conclusions Injured truck drivers access a wide range of health services during the recovery and return to work process. Delivery of mental health services is delayed, including for those making mental health compensation claims. Health service planning should take into account worker and employer characteristics in addition to injury type. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - September 8, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

In What Ways Does Health Related Stigma Affect Sustainable Employment and Well-Being at Work? A Systematic Review
ConclusionStigma hampers sustainable employment and well-being in multiple ways. Whereas the number of publications on this topic is rapidly increasing, the roles of health care professionals, reintegration professionals, co-workers, customers, and family and friends particularly warrant more attention. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - September 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Recovery Courses of Patients Who Return to Work by 3, 6 or 12 Months After Total Knee Arthroplasty
This study compared the preoperative levels and postoperative recovery courses of physical and mental impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions of working-age patients who return to work (RTW) by 3, 6 or 12  months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).Methods A prospective survey study including TKA patients (aged  
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Sustained Attention and Working Memory Predict the Number of Days on Health-Related Benefits in the Year Following Occupational Rehabilitation
Conclusions New knowledge about attention and memory and return to work in individuals with different benefit status may pave the way for more targeted programme interventions. Rehabilitation programmes could benefit from designing interventions that respectively improve sustain attention and working memory related to working life in individuals on sick leave or work assessment allowance and disability pension. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Does it matter what your reasons are when deciding to disclose (or not disclose) a disability at work? The association of workers ’ approach and avoidance goals with perceived positive and negative workplace outcomes
AbstractDeciding whether to disclose a disability to others at work is complex. Many chronic mental and physical health conditions are associated with episodic disability and include times of relative wellness punctuated by intermittent periods of activity limitations. This research draws on the disclosure processes model to examine approach and avoidance disclosure and non-disclosure goals and their association with perceived positive and negative workplace outcomes. Participants were 896 employed individuals (57.7% women) living with a chronic physical or mental health/cognitive condition. They were recruited from an exi...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Company Characteristics, Disability Inclusion Practices, and Employment of People with Disabilities in the Post COVID-19 Job Economy: A Cross Sectional Survey Study
Conclusions Findings of the present study can be used by transition specialists, rehabilitation counselors, and other disability service providers to engage and connect with employers to increase employment opportunity for people with disabilities in the post COVID-19 economy. Future research and practice implications are provided. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

How does Gender Influence Sustainable Return to Work Following Prolonged Work Disability? An Interpretive Description Study
Conclusions: The results highlight the importance of taking into account both professional and personal aspects when integrating gender issues into the assessment of workers' needs and subsequently into interventions. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Beliefs About Return to Work Among Women During/After Long-Term Sick Leave for Common Mental Disorders: A Qualitative Study Based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour
ConclusionsBy using the TPB, the present study was able to offer new findings on women ’s beliefs about RTW after long-term sick leave for a CMD. Based on the findings, we suggest that various RTW stakeholders should focus on striving to provide the tasks and work pace women need so they can maintain their professional competence and sense of meaning. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Evaluating the Effect of Work Incentives Benefits Counseling on Employment Outcomes of Transition-Age and Young Adult Supplemental Security Income Recipients with Intellectual Disabilities: A Case Control Study
Conclusions Findings of the present study can be used by policy makers, transition specialists, rehabilitation counselors, and other disability service providers to increase employment outcomes and earnings for individuals with ID through WIBC services. Future research and practice implications are provided. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Impact of Work Loss on Mental and Physical Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Baseline Findings from a Prospective Cohort Study
AbstractPurpose To determine if losing work during the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with mental and physical health status. To determine if social interactions and financial resources moderate the relationship between work loss and health.Methods Participants were Australians aged 18  + years that were employed in paid work prior to the COVID-19 pandemic who responded to an online or telephone survey from 27th March to 12th June 2020 as part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study. Outcome measures include Kessler-6 score  >  18 indicating high psychological distress, and Short Form 12 ...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

“Navigating Between Unpredictable Icebergs”: A Meta-Ethnographic Study of Employment Specialists’ Contributions in Providing Job Support for People with Mental Illness
Conclusion. Our iceberg metaphor illustrates the importance of employment specialists being competent in addressing clients ’ work performance difficulties related not only to the individual’s illness, age, gender, and cultural-related challenges, but also to psychosocial, behavioral, and environmental workplace factors. Given the effects of the specific characteristics of the working alliance developed in supported employment, we suggest that employment specialists’ training and supervision be enriched by paying more attention to these important relational processes. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Development of a Questionnaire Measuring Preventive Behaviors at Work
Conclusions Overall, this three-step study led to the construction of a 61-item French questionnaire entitled theÉchelle de fréquence des comportements préventifs au travail [Frequency Scale of Preventive Behaviors at Work]. In rehabilitation settings, this tool could be useful to support professionals in enabling workers to adopt preventive behaviors, thereby fostering a healthy, sustainable return to work after a disability period. However, further metrological property assessment is required. A validating study using a large pool of workers is ongoing. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Exploring the Factors that Influence Workforce Participation for People with Multiple Sclerosis: A Discrete Choice Experiment
Conclusions Significant heterogeneity was apparent among people with MS regarding the factors that influence their employment decisions. Attributes concerning the impact of work, attitudes in the workplace and job flexibility appear more influential than those concerning physical workplace adaptations. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Return-to-Work Self-efficacy Questionnaire (RTW-SE): A Validation Study of Predictive Abilities and Cut-off Values for Patients on Sick Leave Due to Anxiety or Depression
Conclusion The RTW-SE possesses good psychometric properties and the suggested cut-off scores have significant predictive ability in a clinical setting. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Effort-Reward Imbalance at Work and Overcommitment in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI): Associations with Return to Work 6  Months After AMI
Conclusions Work-related stress appears less important than HRQOL and resilience in terms of return to work after AMI. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Job Accommodations, Return to Work and Job Retention of People with Physical Disabilities: A Systematic Review
Conclusion The absence of randomized controlled trials and prevalence of cross-sectional surveys provides inconclusive evidence regarding the effectiveness of specific job accommodations for people with particular functional limitations. Our system of categorizing job accommodations provides a guide to investigators seeking to evaluate the effectiveness of job accommodations using experimental methods. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

A Systematic Search and Review of Questionnaires Measuring Individual psychosocial Factors Predicting Return to Work After Musculoskeletal and Common Mental Disorders
Conclusions: With some exceptions (i.e., self-efficacy), the tools used to measure individual psychosocial factors show moderate to considerable room for improvement. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Employment After Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment Among Women in the Sister and the Two Sister Studies
Conclusions The long-term effects of breast cancer treatment and workplace provisions for leave and accommodation may have a substantial effect on women ’s ability to sustain employment. The findings from this study highlight challenges reported by cancer survivors that may inform clinical and occupational interventions to support survivors’ return to work. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Getting the Message Right: Evidence-Based Insights to Improve Organizational Return-to-Work Communication Practices
Conclusion RTW communication is an active process that requires a strategic approach. Effective communication practices represent an important strategy for workplace stakeholders to address the barriers held by injured workers and foster early and sustained RTW. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Correction to: Effort-Reward Imbalance at Work and Overcommitment in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI): Associations with Return to Work 6  Months After AMI
(Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Minds@Work: A New Manualized Intervention to Improve Job Tenure in Psychosis Based on Scoping Review and Logic Model
Conclusions Once validated, this new program is meant to be used either as a stand-alone intervention or integrated in supported employment initiatives, by employment specialists or healthcare workers. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 30, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Dutch Multidisciplinary Occupational Health Guideline to Enhance Work Participation Among Low Back Pain and Lumbosacral Radicular Syndrome Patients
Conclusions Based on systematic reviews and expert consensus, the good practice recommendations in this guideline focus on enhancing work participation among workers with LBP and LRS using a stepped-care approach to complement existing guidelines focusing on recovery and daily functioning. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 27, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

What are the Predictors of Return to Work for People With Elbow, Wrist, and Hand Conditions? A Systematic Review
Conclusion Five clinician recommendations were developed based on the findings of our systematic review. Clinicians should consider the type of work, use of outcome measures, psychological factors, hospitalization, and salary. These recommendations are intended to influence the behavior of clinicians when determining prognosis for return to work of people with elbow, wrist, and hand conditions. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Healthy Minds: Group Cognitive-Behavioral Intervention for Sustainable Return to Work After a Sick Leave Due to Depression
Conclusion Although replication is needed, these results suggest that a brief group cognitive-behavioral intervention specifically tailored to work-related issues is promising. Future studies are warranted, particularly with larger samples and remote webconferencing delivery. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 19, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Barriers and Facilitators Associated with Return to Work Following Minor to Serious Road Traffic Musculoskeletal Injuries: A Systematic Review
Conclusions Post-injury scores on the ÖMPQ and RTW expectancies are the most influential factors for RTW after minor to serious musculoskeletal RTI. There is a need to identify consistent measures of RTW to facilitate comparisons between studies. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 9, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

First Contact Practitioners ’ (FCPs) and General Practitioners’ Perceptions Towards FCPs Delivering Vocational Advice to Patients with Musculoskeletal Conditions: A Qualitative Investigation of the Implementation Potential of the I-SWAP Initiative
Conclusion FCPs appear well-placed to discuss work issues with MSK patients, and signpost/refer to other services; however, because they often only see patients once they are less suited to deliver other aspects of vocational advice. Future research is needed to explore how best to provide vocational advice in primary care settings. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 9, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Returning to the Workplace During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Concerns of Australian Workers
Conclusion Concerns of COVID-19 infection in the workplace are common. Many workers are also concerned about changes to their work and home life. The prevalence of concerns is related to the nature of work and responsibilities at home. Actions that reduce risk of workplace transmission, coupled with effective communication of infection controls, may alleviate worker concerns whilst recognising workers ’ family and social circumstances. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 15, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Role of Perceived Job Exertion and Age as Moderators of the Relationship Between Gender and Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Disability and Pain in Injured Workers
Conclusions Women younger than 49  years had higher levels of UE pain and disorders than men. Both men and women workers reported higher UE disability with an increase in their PJE. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 14, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Developing a Multilevel Scale to Assess Retention of Workers with Disabilities
Conclusion Our study highlighted two major factors influencing managers in the decision-making process of retaining workers with disabilities as follows: direct and indirect work-related concerns. The measure was validated using the RWD scale. By providing the tool to identify attitudes towards PwD work retention, we offer the first step in identifying and changing a negative approach toward this population in the workplace. Practical contributions are discussed. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 9, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Collider Bias in Administrative Workers ’ Compensation Claims Data: A Challenge for Cross-Jurisdictional Research
ConclusionsCollider bias can seriously confound work disability research, particularly cross-jurisdictional comparisons. Work disability researchers must grapple with this challenge by using appropriate study designs and analytical approaches, and considering how it affects the interpretation of results. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 7, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Participant Engagement in Supported Employment: A Systematic Scoping Review
Conclusions Participant empowerment, self-determined choice, and collaboration are important aspects of participant engagement in SE. The study results will appeal to SE practitioners and make significant contributions to the broader field of other vocational services supporting people in (re-)entering the competitive labour market. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 4, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Employees Receiving Inpatient Treatment for Common Mental Disorders in Germany: Factors Associated with Time to First and Full Return to Work
Conclusions More attention to work accommodation needs for RTW in clinical practice and coordinated actions towards RTW in collaboration with key RTW stakeholders in the workplace may support a timely RTW.Clinical Registration Number DRKS00010903, retrospectively registered. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 29, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Measurement Properties of the Work Ability Score in Sick-Listed Workers with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain
Conclusion The work ability score showed good measurement properties among sick-listed workers with chronic musculoskeletal pain. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 26, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Matching Perceived Physical Capacity and Work Demands: A New Classification of the Modified Spinal Function Sort (M-SFS)
Conclusions M-SFS scores can be classified into four levels of physical work demands. If the perceived work capacity matches or exceeds the level of physical work demands patients with MSD have a substantially higher probability to return to work after rehabilitation. More studies are needed to confirm or reject our findings and overcome some of the weaknesses of this study. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 23, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Implicit and Explicit Attitudes of Employers Toward Hiring People Who Have Experienced Depression
Conclusion The results were consistent with previous findings from the general population underlying the ambivalence of attitudes associated with depression. Indeed, stereotypes, organizational burden, and normalization attitudes appear as distinct and complementary facets of depression stigma at work. We suggest anti-stigma training targeting employers' hiring apprehensions and encompassing both explicit and implicit attitudes regarding depression. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 22, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Value Filter: A Novel Framework for Psychosocial Adjustment to Traumatic Upper Extremity Amputation
Conclusions The preliminary model helps explain psychosocial adjustment for individuals with a traumatic upper extremity amputation due to work injury. The model may also be useful with other acquired injuries where the lost body part was deemed highly valuable for the individual ’s sense of self. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 19, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

A Worksite Self-management Program for Workers with Chronic Health Conditions Improves Worker Engagement and Retention, but not Workplace Function
Conclusions Offering a worksite self-management program to workers with chronic health conditions may be a feasible and beneficial strategy to engage and retain skilled workers who are risking disability.Clinical trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov #NCT01978392. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 13, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Identifying Return to Work Self-Efficacy Trajectories in Employees with Mental Health Problems
Conclusions Large heterogeneity exists in terms of RTW-SE trajectories in employees with MHPs and significant differences were found across the trajectories regarding personal and work characteristics, and RTW status. Insights into RTW-SE trajectories and their attributes are important to advance more effective and personalized RTW treatment for employees with MHPs. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 12, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Role of the Employer in Supporting Work Participation of Workers with Disabilities: A Systematic Literature Review Using an Interdisciplinary Approach
Conclusions Our review indicates the importance of different employer efforts for work participation of workers with disabilities. Workplace programs aimed at facilitating work accommodations and supervisor support can contribute to the prevention of early labor market exit of workers with poor health. Further research is needed on the influence of organizational culture and company characteristics on work participation. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 12, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Exploring Direct and Indirect Associations of Exercise and Sport Participation with Employment among Individuals with Disabilities: A Scoping Review
Conclusions This scoping review highlights that exercise and sport participation have associations with employment and work-related outcomes. Benefits of exercise and sports may be considered to a greater extent, than in the past, in programs that facilitate employment for persons with disabilities. Additional research using longitudinal design should be conducted to further understand the strength of these associations and evaluate whether exercise and sport participation should be incorporated more intensely in vocational programs. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 6, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Prevalence, Predictors and Wage Replacement Duration Associated with Diagnostic Imaging in Australian Workers with Accepted Claims for Low Back Pain: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Conclusions Over half of Australian workers with an accepted workers ’ compensation claim for LBP longer than 2 weeks received diagnostic spinal imaging. Receipt of diagnostic imaging, particularly multiple imaging, was associated with longer wage replacement duration. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - April 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of the Benefits and Challenges of Using Service Dogs for Finding and Maintaining Employment
Conclusions Our findings highlight several benefits and challenges of having a service dog in the workplace. More research is needed to explore the impact of service dogs on employment, health and productivity in the workplace and how this may vary by type of disability and service dog. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - April 28, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Systematic Review of the Impact on Return to Work of Return-to-Work Coordinators
Conclusions Our synthesis identifies key features of RTW interventions that improve RTW outcomes. Future high-quality research should measure long-term outcomes of RTWC interventions to evaluate sustainability and consider the nature of work. They should also focus on RTWC impact on worker quality of life assessments and for older workers and workers with chronic health conditions. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - April 21, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research