Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Reliability, and Validity of a Turkish Version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ-Turkish)
Conclusions In this study, the cross-cultural adaptation, and validity and reliability of WORQ-Turkish self-reported version were examined and the results indicated that WORQ-Turkish was a valid and reliable scale for analyzing vocational rehabilitation process of people with disabilities. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - August 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Enhanced Capacity to Act: Managers ’ Perspectives When Participating in a Dialogue-Based Workplace Intervention for Employee Return to Work
Conclusions From the managers ’ perspective, dialogue-based workplace interventions with a convergence dialogue meeting and support from a rehabilitation coordinator can strengthen managerial competence and capacity to act in a complex return to work process. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 31, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Validation of the Work Disability Diagnosis Interview for Musculoskeletal and Mental Disorders
Conclusion Despite some limitations, the WoDDI ’s factors correspond to those in the current scientific literature. The varying results for internal consistency suggest limitations mainly for the CMD version. Interrater reliability was found overall to be fair. The next step will be to revise and retest this version. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 25, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Backs in the Future: A Journey Through the Spinal Landscape
(Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Role and Responsibilities of Supervisors in the Sustainable Return to Work of Workers Following a Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorder
Conclusion Organizational context appears to influence the application of these courses of action, as do the conditions under which they are implemented. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 17, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Contribution of Onsite Physiotherapy to an Integrated Model for Managing Work Injuries: A Follow Up Study
AbstractPurpose As part of an integrated system to manage work injuries, some organisations utilise the skills of an onsite physiotherapist. Onsite physiotherapy can provide benefits for the workers and organisation when delivered as part of an early intervention injury prevention program (IPP) at a poultry meat processing plant. However, once established, the sustainability of this service on work injury and compensation outcomes without ongoing physiotherapy contribution is unknown.Methods Through analysis of two large secondary datasets of workplace injuries and compensation claims, outcome measures of injury rates, cos...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Workforce Reintegration After Work-Related Permanent Impairment: A Look at the First Year After Workers ’ Compensation Claim Closure
AbstractPurpose The purpose of this study was to descriptively quantify experiences of injured workers with permanent impairment during their first year of work reintegration.Methods A representative survey was conducted to characterize health, disability, pain, employment, reinjury, and economic outcomes for 598 workers with permanent impairment who had returned to work during the year after workers ’ compensation claim closure. Survey responses were summarized by degree of whole body impairment (
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 10, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Machine Learning for Work Disability Prevention: Introduction to the Special Series
AbstractRapid development in computer technology has led to sophisticated methods of analyzing large datasets with the aim of improving human decision making. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (ML) approaches hold tremendous potential for solving complex real-world problems such as those faced by stakeholders attempting to prevent work disability. These techniques are especially appealing in work disability contexts that collect large amounts of data such as workers ’ compensation settings, insurance companies, large corporations, and health care organizations, among others. However, the approaches require...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Experiences of Police and Emergency Services Employees with Workers ’ Compensation Claims for Mental Health Issues
Conclusions The workers ’ compensation process is perceived negatively by most police and emergency services employees who have experience with it, and a majority found that it negatively impacted on their recovery. Ways to reform the system to better support employees experiencing significant functional impairments rela ted to mental health issues should be urgently considered. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - July 2, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Opening the Workplace After COVID-19: What Lessons Can be Learned from Return-to-Work Research?
(Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Use of a Decision Support Tool on Prognosis of Work Ability in Work Disability Assessments: An Experimental Study Among Insurance Physicians
Conclusion The efficacy of the tool on IPs ’ prognosis of work ability and their prognostic confidence was low. Although the perceived barriers were overall limited, only a minority of the IPs indicated that they would be willing to use the tool in practice. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 11, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Linking the Spinal Function Sort and Functional Capacity Evaluation Tests to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health Core Set of Vocational Rehabilitation
Conclusions The study found six categories including vestibular functions, muscle power functions, writing, lifting and carrying objects, fine hand use and hand and arm use within the CSVR using the Spinal Function Sort and The Complete Minnesota Dexterity Test. With the rest of the items, the CSVR was considered too broad. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Ethical Considerations of Using Machine Learning for Decision Support in Occupational Health: An Example Involving Periodic Workers ’ Health Assessments
Conclusions Implications of ethical considerations have been described for the socially responsible design of ML-DSTs. Three recommendations were provided to minimize undesirable adverse effects of the development and implementation of ML-DSTs. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Comparison of Compensated Low Back Pain Claims Experience in Australia with Limb Fracture and Non-Specific Limb Condition Claims: A Retrospective Cohort Study
AbstractObjectives To describe the incidence, duration, and patterns of working time loss claims in compensated Australian workers with low back pain (LBP), and compare this with limb fracture (LF) and non-specific limb condition (NSLC) claims.Methods The National Dataset for Compensation-based Statistics was used for this study. Accepted workers ’ compensation time loss claims for LBP, LF or NSLC occurring between July 2010 and June 2015 were included. Counts, rates per 10,000 covered workers, the relative risk and median duration of time loss were calculated. Multivariate Cox and quantile regression models were use...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Evidence for the Cost-Effectiveness of Return-to-Work Interventions for Mental Illness Related Sickness Absences: A Systematic Literature Review
Conclusions Although this SLR ’s results suggest that economic evaluations of RTW interventions can be cost-effective, the use of economic evaluations for studies of these program types is in its infancy. Some jurisdictions (e.g., the Netherlands) seem to have recognized the need for economic evaluations. However, more researc h is needed in different disability system contexts. Furthermore, use of the standard economic evaluation approaches for healthcare interventions may limit the usefulness of results if the end-user is an employer or non-health organization. This may present the opportunity to introduce newer ap...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - June 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

An Update and Looking Ahead for the Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
(Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 26, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Tools Appraisal of Organizational Factors Associated with Return-to-Work in Workers on Sick Leave Due to Musculoskeletal and Common Mental Disorders: A Systematic Search and Review
Conclusions Researchers and practitioners are often uncertain of which tools to use to measure organizational factors which can facilitate or hinder RTW. This study provides an evaluation of the tools measuring predictive organizational RTW factors in people with MSD and CMD. The identified tools can be used in everyday practice and/or research. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 21, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Rehabilitation Is a Global Health Priority
(Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Disclosure, Privacy and Workplace Accommodation of Episodic Disabilities: Organizational Perspectives on Disability Communication-Support Processes to Sustain Employment
Conclusions This study identifies a conceptual framework and areas where workplace disability support processes could be enhanced to improve inclusion and the sustainability of employment among workers living with episodic disabilities. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Passive Trunk Exoskeleton Acceptability and Effects on Self-efficacy in Employees with Low-Back Pain: A Mixed Method Approach
Conclusion If potential challenges, e.g. visibility and potential refusal of wearing an exoskeleton are considered in the implementation strategy, acceptability of and self-efficacy in using the passive trunk exoskeleton would be further improved, potentially contributing to reduced risk of low-back pain. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Work Personality, Core Self-evaluation and Perceived Career Barriers in Young Adult Central Nervous System Cancer Survivors
ConclusionsWork personality is a robust construct that can be applied to young adult CNS survivors in effort to gain more insight into the personality and psychological factors that impact career development and employment in this group. The major finding of this study was that work personality and CSE had a significant direct effect on perceived career barriers and that there was a significant indirect effect with CSE acting as a mediator between developmental work personality and perceived career barriers. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Vocational Rehabilitation with or without Work Module for Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain and Sick Leave from Work: Longitudinal Impact on Work Participation
Conclusions Both programs led to increased work participation. The addition of a work module to the VR program lead to a significant increase in odds of work participation at 6-months follow-up. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Time for Me to Move On
(Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - May 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Motivational Interviewing and Return to Work for People with Musculoskeletal Disorders: A Systematic Mapping Review
Conclusions This mapping review identified a huge gap in research on MI to increase return to work for individuals with musculoskeletal disorders.Registration Current Research Information System in Norway, project id: 635823 (https://app.cristin.no/projects/show.jsf?id=635823). (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - April 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Short-Term Effects of a Passive Spinal Exoskeleton on Functional Performance, Discomfort and User Satisfaction in Patients with Low Back Pain
AbstractPurpose Low back pain (LBP) remains a major worldwide healthcare issue. Recently, spinal exoskeletons were proposed as a potentially useful solution for LBP prevention and vocational reintegration for people who perform heavy load lifting, repetitive movements or work in prolonged static postures. The purpose of this study was to investigate how patients with LBP respond to the novel passive SPEXOR exoskeleton regarding functional performance, discomfort and general user impression.Methods Fourteen patients, with low to moderate LBP (2 –7 on a 0–10 scale), performed 12 functional tasks with and without ...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - April 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Insights into the Sustainable Return to Work of Aging Workers with a Work Disability: An Interpretative Description Study
Conclusions The results underscore that aging workers with a disability are frequently vulnerable in terms of their health or their jobs. Intersectoral efforts are needed to remedy this situation to keep them at work. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - April 28, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Job Crafting Among American Workers with Disabilities
Conclusions As job crafting can be associated with higher levels of engagement and career growth among persons without disabilities, findings from this research can be utilized to design programs and policies that support the career goals of people with disabilities beyond labor force participation. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - April 13, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Intelligent Robotics Incorporating Machine Learning Algorithms for Improving Functional Capacity Evaluation and Occupational Rehabilitation
Conclusions While the research is in the early stages, robotics with integrated machine learning algorithms have great potential for improving traditional FCE practice. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - April 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Feature Detection and Biomechanical Analysis to Objectively Identify High Exposure Movement Strategies When Performing the EPIC Lift Capacity test
Conclusions Use of feature detection and biomechanical analyses revealed movement features related to biomechanical exposure at the low back and shoulders. The objectively identified criteria could augment the existing scoring criteria for ELC test technique assessment. In the future, such features can inform the design of classifiers to objectively identify “high-risk workstyle” in real-time. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - April 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Employers ’ Experience on Involvement in Sickness Absence/Return to Work Support for Employees with Cancer in Small Enterprises
AbstractPurposeReturn to work (RTW) is important for employees who have survived cancer, yet it is challenging for employers. Small enterprises (
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - April 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Smart Work Injury Management (SWIM) System: Artificial Intelligence in Work Disability Management
ConclusionSWIM ia secure and centralized cloud platform containing a set of management tools for data storage, data analytics, and machine learning. When it is fully developed, SWIM can provide a more accurate prediction model for the cost of work injuries and advice on medical care and RTW interventions to all RTW stakeholders.EthicsThe project has been approved by the Ethics Committee for Human Subjects at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University and is funded by the Innovation and Technology Commission (Grant # ITS/249/18FX). (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - March 31, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Workplace Interventions to Rehabilitate Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Employees with Physical Demanding Work
Conclusions The evidence synthesis recommends that implementing strength training at the workplace can reduce MSD among workers with physically demanding work. In regard to workplace ergonomics, there was not enough evidence from the scientific literature to guide current practices. Based on the scientific literature, participatory ergonomics and multifaceted workplace interventions seem to have no beneficial effect on reducing MSD among this group of workers. As these interventional domains were very heterogeneous, it should also be recognized that general conclusions about their effectiveness should be done with care.Sys...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - March 26, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Development of an Intervention to Create a Supportive Work Environment for Employees with Chronic Conditions: An Intervention Mapping Approach
Conclusions IM proved to be a valuable and practical tool for the development of this intervention, aiming to facilitate sustainable employment for employees with chronic conditions. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - March 21, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Disability Severity, Leader –Member Exchange, and Attitudinal Outcomes: Considering the Employee and Supervisor Perspectives
Conclusion By collecting two separate samples, we revealed similarities and differences in employee and supervisor perspectives. Our findings demonstrated the need for including both perspectives when considering implications of employee disability severity. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - March 7, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Predictive Value of Return to Work Self-efficacy for Return to Work Among Employees with Cancer Undergoing Chemotherapy
Conclusion Compared to other factors of significance, RTWSE was not the strongest predictor of RTW when examined among employees undergoing chemotherapy for cancer. Before using the RTWSE questionnaire to identify employees with cancer at risk of late RTW, it is important to recognize that the predictive value of RTWSE may be different for employees on sick leave due to cancer than for other sickness absence populations. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - February 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Impact of Income Sources on Financial Stress in Workers ’ Compensation Claimants
ConclusionInjured workers receiving workers ’ compensation or social assistance benefits are vulnerable to increased financial stress. Given the potential negative consequences of financial stress on health, particularly mental health, this study suggests the need for careful consideration of income replacement benefits in the design of wor kers’ compensation schemes. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - February 27, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Disability and Pain are the Best Predictors of Sick Leave After a Distal Radius Fracture in Men
This study therefore describes sick leave in men with distal radius fracture, specifically exploring the impact of patient- and fracture-related factors.Methods Professionally active men aged 20 –65 with distal radius fracture were followed prospectively for 1-year (n = 88). Data included treatment method, radiographic parameters pre/post treatment, complications, health, lifestyle and occupational demand. Patient outcomes were self-reported sick leave; Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score; pain (5 likert scale); SF-36: Physical Component Scale (PCS) and Mental Component Scale (MCS).Res...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - February 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Functional Capacity Evaluation Research: Report from the Fourth International Functional Capacity Evaluation Research Meeting
Conclusions Researchers and clinicians continue to increase the body of knowledge in the FCE field. A major finding of this conference is the diversity across the different FCE protocols and research groups as well as of the different uses of FCE across cultural and social economic systems. Next steps will include exploring the development of an international, interdisciplinary, evidence-based FCE clinical practice guideline by a committee formed at the conference. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - February 7, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Predicting Long-Term Sickness Absence and Identifying Subgroups Among Individuals Without an Employment Contract
Conclusion The logistic regression model could be used to identify individuals at risk of long-term sickness absence. Identification of risk groups can aid professionals to offer tailored return to work interventions. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - February 6, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Chinese Version of the Work-Ability Support Scale (WSS) in Young and Middle-Aged Stroke Survivors
AbstractPurpose To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Work-Ability Support Scale (WSS) into Chinese and evaluate the reliability and validity of the measure among young and middle-aged stroke survivors.Methods A total of 210 participants aged 28 –60 years were recruited from two communities in Zhengzhou. Item analysis, internal consistency, inter-rater reliability, and construct validity were tested.Results A moderate level of correlation between the items and the domains (r  >  0.60), and the significant differences in items between the high group and the low group were tested by independ...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - February 4, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Exploring the Needs of Cancer Survivors When Returning to or Staying in the Workforce
Conclusions There is a growing interest in developing targeted interventions to improve work outcomes for cancer survivors. This study informs cancer rehabilitation research by developing an understanding of the supports and strategies that should be implemented to help cancer survivors return to work successfully and improve quality of life. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - February 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

What Motivates Engagement in Work and Other Valued Social Roles Despite Persistent Back Pain?
Conclusions Further understanding of important motivators for maintaining engagement in work and other valued social roles despite persistent back pain can help inform the development of more successful disability and pain management programs. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - February 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Return to Work for Mental Ill-Health: A Scoping Review Exploring the Impact and Role of Return-to-Work Coordinators
Conclusions Our limited findings suggest that interventions for mental ill-health that employ RTW coordinators may be more time consuming than conventional approaches and may not increase RTW rate or worker ’s self-efficacy for RTW. Research on this topic with long-term outcomes and varied research designs (including qualitative) is needed, as well as studies that clearly define RTW coordinator roles and strategies, delineate results by mental health condition, and address the impact of RTW coordinat ors on workers’ quality of life. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - January 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Measures of Workplace Inclusion: A Systematic Review Using the COSMIN Methodology
Conclusion Future research should focus on comprehensive evaluations of the psychometric properties of existing measures, with an emphasis on content validity, measurement error, reliability and responsiveness. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - January 14, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Work Ability Index in Working Individuals
Abstract It is increasingly important to have validated instruments to assess the ability to work. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Work Ability Index (WAI) in working individuals. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 360 workers (men and women) in a high-complexity public hospital and in a public university. The participants were between 40 and 75 years, with a contract of at least 11 h weekly. The ability to work was assessed using the WAI and the perception of health through the Short Form 36 Health Survey version 2 (SF-36 v2). The concurrent val...
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - January 8, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Returning to Work Within Two Years After First-Time, Single-Level, Simple Lumbar Discectomy: A Multifactorial, Predictive Model
Conclusions Through the development and validation of a predictive model, this study identifies a number of patient-related factors associated with sustained return to work after lumbar discectomy, while revealing that most disease-related clinical findings were not associated with the outcome. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - December 23, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Individual- and Company-Level Predictors of Receiving Vocational Rehabilitation: A Multilevel Study of Finnish Private Sector Workplaces
Conclusions Company-level variation in receiving VR was substantial. Adopting the practices of the companies with highest participation in VR could help to avoid work disability problems. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - December 18, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Employment in Personality Disorders and the Effectiveness of Individual Placement and Support: Outcomes from a Secondary Data Analysis
Conclusions From the present explorative analysis we did not find evidence for a moderating effect of PD diagnosis on the effectiveness of IPS among PD participants. This indicates that IPS could be as effective in gaining employment in participants with PD as it is in participants with other SMI. Future studies, implementing larger numbers, should confirm whether IPS is equally effective in PDs and study whether augmentations or alterations to the standard IPS model might be beneficiary for PD. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - December 9, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

The Association Between Fault Attribution and Work Participation After Road Traffic Injury: A Registry-Based Observational Study
Conclusion Targeted interventions are needed to support work participation in people at risk of poor RTW post-injury. While interventions targeting fault and justice-related attributions are currently lacking, these may be beneficial for people who believe that another caused their injury.Graphic Abstract (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - December 9, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Effects of Vocational Re-training on Employment Outcomes Among Persons with Disabilities in Germany: A Quasi-Experiment
Conclusion Policies to promote the labor market re-integration of persons with disabilities should consider that vocational re-training may be an effective tool for sustainably improving work participation outcomes. (Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - November 28, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research