Authors’ Response to “Work From Home (WFH) During COVID-19: Is Virtual Reality (VR) a New Solution to New Problems?”
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Work From Home (WFH) During COVID-19: Is Virtual Reality (VR) a New Solution to New Problems?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Landsbergis, Johanning, Stillo Respond to Letter to the Editor
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Landsbergis et al (2019) Titled “Work Exposures and Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Railroad Maintenance-of-Way Workers”
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Prevention of Occupational Heat-Related Illnesses
High ambient temperatures and strenuous physical activity put workers at risk for a variety of heat-related illnesses and injuries. Through primary prevention, secondary prevention, and treatment, OEM health providers can protect workers from the adverse effects of heat. This statement by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine provides guidance for OEM providers who serve workers and employers in industries where heat exposure occurs. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ACOEM GUIDANCE STATEMENT Source Type: research

The Influence of Chronic Diseases on Self-Reported Work Disability: Evidence From the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study 2003–2018
Conclusion: Work disability is strongly and significantly associated with the aforementioned chronic diseases. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Impact of Medication Adherence on Healthcare Resource Utilization, Work Loss, and Associated Costs in a Privately Insured Employed Population Treated With Adalimumab in the United States
Conclusion: Patient and societal benefits of adherence to adalimumab are significant over 2 years. These findings highlight the importance of policies aimed at improving adherence to self-administrated medications. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Development and Validation of the Workplace Decisional Balance Scale for Exercise (WDBex) in a French Sample
Conclusions: This instrument constitutes a reliable and valid instrument for studying the psychosocial determinants of physical activity engagement in the workplace and for developing health promotion strategies. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Improving Outcomes for Work-Related Concussions: A Mental Health Screening and Brief Therapy Model
Conclusions: This study demonstrates the favorable outcomes achieved via a structured, clinically driven program for workers who experience head-involved injuries, validating previous research on the importance of recognizing the role of psychological factors in prolonging concussion recovery. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: FAST TRACK ARTICLE Source Type: research

Trends in the Utilization and Dose of Gabapentinoids in Combination With Opioids in an Injured Worker Population Between 2008 and 2018
Conclusions: Overall opioid prescribing decreased over time, while prescribing low dose opioids with gabapentinoids, increased. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Association of Long Working Hours With Marital Status Changes in South Korea: A Cohort Study
Conclusions: This study showed that long working hours could contribute to marital status changes in Korean female workers. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Domain-Specific Active and Sedentary Behaviors in Relation to Workers’ Presenteeism and Absenteeism
Conclusions: A change in work culture and practices that support active behaviors at work and outside of work may improve employee's productivity indices. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Associations Between Work-Zone Groups and Compensation Claims: Experience From a Poultry Meat Processing Plant
Conclusion: Organizations should prioritize interventions within work-zones with poorer compensation outcomes and consider the association of organizational microclimates upon these claims. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Effects of High and Moderate-Intensity Interval Training on Pulmonary and Performance Parameters in Miners Suffering From Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases
Objective: To characterize the effect of 12 weeks of high and moderate-intensity interval training on pulmonary and functional parameters in miners with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease working in the polluted environment. Methods: Forty-five miners with COPD (average degree: 60 > FEV1  (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Occupational Exposure to Metalworking Fluid and the Effect on Health Symptoms—An Intervention Study
Exposure to metalworking fluid has been shown to cause health problems among workers. The aim of this study was to compare health outcomes and levels of exposure among workers exposed to metalworking fluid before and after the implementation of preventive measures. The frequencies of self-reported symptoms, as well as the concentrations of measured substances were lower after the implementation of preventive measures. Logistic regression showed statistically significant differences in the report of irritations, a stuffy or runny nose, eye irritation, a hoarse or dry throat, and a cough with odds ratios of 0.31 (95% confide...
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Urinary Nickel and Progesterone in Workers Exposed to Urban Pollutants
Conclusions: The results of our study suggest that occupational exposure to low doses of nickel present in urban pollution may influence to progesterone levels in outdoor workers. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Organizational Justice and Cognitive Failures in Japanese Employees: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusions: Employees may be more likely to experience cognitive failures in daily activities in work settings where organizational justice is lower, which seems to be explained by psychological distress. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Association Between the “COVID-19 Occupational Vulnerability Index” and COVID-19 Severity and Sequelae Among Hospital Employees
Conclusion: The “COVID-19 Occupational Vulnerability Index” may predict the risk of severe COVID-19 disease and clinical sequelae among healthcare workers. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Health of Gulf War and Gulf Era Veterans Over Time: U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs’ Gulf War Longitudinal Study
Conclusions: The findings from this analysis suggest that Gulf War veterans are not only more likely than their non-deployed counterparts to report chronic disease, they were more likely to report it earlier. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: FAST TRACK ARTICLE Source Type: research

Repeated Annual Health Risk Assessments With Intervention Did Not Reduce 10-year Cardiovascular Disease Risk: A 4-year Longitudinal Study in 13,737 Financial Sector Employees
We report changes in 10-year FRS for CVD (%) and risk factors after 1 (GR1), 2 (GR2), and 3 (GR 3) RAHRAs. Results: Mean FRS increased with RAHRAs (GR1: +0.4%; GR2: +0.7%; GR3: +0.8%) (P  (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Anxiety and COVID-19 Related Stressors Among Healthcare Workers Who Performed Shift Work at Four COVID-19 Dedicated Hospitals in Korea
Conclusions: Special attention is required for mental health of HCWs working shifts during the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

An Open Trial of the Effectiveness, Program Usage, and User Experience of Internet-based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Mixed Anxiety and Depression for Healthcare Workers on Disability Leave
Conclusions: This iCBT program was perceived to be of benefit to healthcare workers, with program usage and effectiveness that was similar to what has been previously reported for unguided iCBT. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Workplace Discrimination and Short Sleep Among Healthcare Workers: The Buffering Effect of People-Oriented Culture
Conclusions: Healthcare industries need to implement specific programs and services aimed at addressing discrimination which can potentially improve health outcomes among workers. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake and Intent Among Emergency Healthcare Workers: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Conclusions: This study provides a timely assessment of vaccination status among frontline HCWs and highlights subgroups who may be at high risk of exposure and transmission. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: FAST TRACK ARTICLE Source Type: research

Weight Loss-Associated Decreases in Medical Care Expenditures for Commercially Insured Patients With Chronic Conditions
Conclusions: The detailed estimates of savings for populations with chronic conditions can be used by employers to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of weight management interventions. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Association Between Business Travel, Health-Related Behaviors, and Adiposity
Conclusions: Frequent business travel adversely affects body composition, with differences by gender and type of travel. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: FAST TRACK ARTICLE Source Type: research

Prevention, Medical Management, and Adjudication of Workplace Injuries: A Thirty-Two Year Follow-up of an Integrated Workers’ Compensation Program
Conclusion: On both a population (per employee) and on a per claim basis, workers’ compensation costs decreased substantially, which is attributable to improvements in accident prevention and decreases in claim duration. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Depression, Healthcare Utilization, Missed Work, and Health Behaviors Among US Young Workers: Data From the 2015 National Health Interview Survey
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that depressed young workers have increased needs for healthcare utilization and are at increased risk for missing work, smoking, and reduced sleep. Resources should be prioritized for depression screening and prevention programs at the workplace and healthcare settings. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Changes in Job Control and Perceptions of General Health: A Longitudinal Analysis of Australian Workers, 2005 to 2017
Conclusion: This analysis with improved causal inference over previous research showed that change in job control is strongly associated with change in general health. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - October 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

An Emerging Positive Intervention—Inner Engineering Online (IEO)
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Proposed Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies Related to Climate Change: Guidance for OEM Professionals
Climate change is an urgent challenge amplified by socioeconomic factors that demands thoughtful public health responses from OEM professionals. This guidance statement from the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine focuses on the different strategies that these health professionals can implement to protect workers from health impacts associated with climate change hazards, foster workplace resilience in the face of rapidly changing environments, and take the necessary steps to mitigate the effects of global climate change. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ACOEM GUIDANCE STATEMENT Source Type: research

The Effect of Noise on the Neurobehavioral Function of the Occupational Population and the Content of Catecholamines
According to the decibel level of noise detection in the working environment, the research objects were divided into high noise group (more than 85 dB), low noise group (55 to 85 dB), and control group (less than 55 dB), the neurobehavioral core test battery (NCTB) was used to systematic tests all workers, radioimmunoassay was used to detect plasma catecholamine levels, and the relationship between noise intensities and the levels of plasma catecholamine was analyzed by canonical correlation. The result shows noise exposure will affect workers’ neurological function and the influence of noise on neurobehavioral...
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

A Cross-Sectional Study of the Mismatch Between Telecommuting Preference and Frequency Associated With Psychological Distress Among Japanese Workers in the COVID-19 Pandemic
Objective: To examine how the mismatch between telecommuting preference and telecommuting frequency was associated with psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Data from 33,302 workers throughout Japan were obtained using an Internet survey. Among 33,302 participants, 20,395 who telecommuted were included in the analysis. Participants’ telecommuting preference and frequency during the COVID-19 pandemic were determined using a questionnaire. Psychological distress was assessed using Kessler 6 (K6). Results: Among participants who did and did not prefer to telecommute, those who ...
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Worries About COVID-19 Infection and Psychological Distress at Work and While Commuting
Conclusions: This study suggests the need for psychological intervention to reduce worry about infection in response to public mental health challenges associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Heart Rate Variability in Different Levels of Burnout—Cross-Sectional Study of Different Occupational Groups Heart Rate Variability and Burnout
Conclusions: The health-impairing manifestations of the three dimensions of the burnout syndrome are not associated with the lower HRV. However, healthy subjects from a “screening” study who had not been clinically diagnosed with burnout were examined here. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Health-Related and Lifestyle Factors as Predictors of Intentions to Improve Lifestyle Habits in Employees Participating in a Workplace Health Promotion Program
Conclusions: In the context of WHPPs, intention to improve may lead to actual behavioral improvement. Exploring employees’ intentions to improve various lifestyle habits at the start of the program could improve the effectiveness of these programs. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Role of KIM-1 in Detecting Early Nephrotoxicity in Lead-Exposed Workers
Conclusion: Renal adverse effects were associated to lead fumes exposure. KIM-1 can be used as biomarker for detecting early renal affection among lead-exposed workers. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Association Between Adaptation of Management Philosophy and Mission Statement, and Work Engagement Among Japanese Workers: A 1-year Prospective Cohort Study in a Japanese Company
Conclusions: There is a positive association between higher individual adaptation of management philosophy and mission statement with work engagement. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Contributions of Ergonomics, Psychological Factors, and Sleep Disturbances to Lower Back Pain Among Taiwanese Workers
Conclusions: In addition to ergonomic exposure, sleep disturbances and high psychological demands significantly contributed to LBP. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Effect of Perceived Gratitude From Others on Work Engagement: A Cross-Sectional Study
Conclusions: The association between perceived gratitude and work engagement was independent of job demands, job/personal resources, and gratitude trait, suggesting the direct association. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Impact and Management of COVID-19 Among Healthcare Workers in Two Acute Care Hospitals and Two Associated Long-term Care Centres in Barcelona, Spain
Conclusion: We found a high prevalence of disease and transmission between HCW during the first wave of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Healthy Habits in Firefighters: Assessment in Shift Days Versus Days Off
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare dietary habits, sleep habits, and injury incidence between shift days and days off among Spanish firefighters. Methods: 24-Hour dietary recalls, and sleep and injury questionnaires on both days were collected from 28 Sevillian professional firefighter, as well as anthropometric measurements and a physical activity questionnaire. Results: Firefighters consumed 433 more kilocalories (P  (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Investigating the Impact of Job Loss and Decreased Work Hours on Physical and Mental Health Outcomes Among US Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Conclusions: Results demonstrate the importance of providing economic and social support services to US adults experiencing poor mental and physical health during the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: FAST TRACK ARTICLE Source Type: research

Association Between the Physical Work Environment and Work Functioning Impairment While Working From Home Under the COVID-19 Pandemic in Japanese Workers
Objective: To examine the relationship between the physical work environment and work function while working from home (WFH). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Data from 5760 workers who worked from home at least 1 day a month were analyzed. The physical work environment while WFH was used as an exposure factor. The presence of work functioning impairment was measured using Work Functioning impairment Scale (WFun). Mixed-effects logistic regression was used with the prefecture of residence as a random effect. Results: Work functioning impairment was significantly associated with a “N...
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Factors Associated With the Presenteeism of Single-Person Household Employees in Korea: The 5th Korean Working Conditions Survey (KWCS)
Conclusions: To reduce the presenteeism of workers from single-person households, specific programs and organizational policies can be developed. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Role of Employees’ Age for the Relation Between Job Autonomy and Sickness Absence
Conclusions: Theoretical implications are aimed at extending the existing theoretical models by individuals age and derive age-specific propositions. Managerial implications include recommendations which directly affect the individuals work content with regard to the use of our definition of job autonomy. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Development and Pilot Test of an Online Training to Engage Managers to Support Workplace Wellness
Conclusions: If proven effective, the training could be administered at a low cost and disseminated to improve employee health. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Plasma Metabolic Profiling in Patients With Silicosis and Asbestosis
Conclusions: The types and quantities of up-regulated metabolites including lipids, amino acids, and carnitines differed between silicosis and asbestosis. Pathways inducing lung fibrosis were common to mineral dust exposure, while pathways related to oxidative stress and tumorigenesis differed between silicosis and asbestosis. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Respiratory Outcomes of Firefighter Exposures in the Fort McMurray Fire: A Cohort Study From Alberta Canada
Conclusions: Massive exposures during a wildfire are associated with non-resolving airways damage. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: FAST TRACK ARTICLE Source Type: research

Trimester-Specific Association of Maternal Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and its Components With Birth and Placental Weight in Japan
Conclusions: Sulfate exposure over the third trimester may reduce birth weight, particularly placental weight. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - September 1, 2021 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research