Response to Letter to the Editor “Biomarkers Determination of the Nurse in Various Work Environments”
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Biomarkers Determination of the Nurse in Various Work Environments
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Response to Predictors of Long-Term Sick Leave in the Workplace
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Predictors of Long-Term Sick Leave in the Workplace
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Should Age at Onset of Parkinsonism be the End Point of Interest in Investigations of the Link Between Exosomal α-Synuclein and Manganese Exposure in Welders?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research

Did the North American Alliance for Bangladesh Worker Safety's Safety Committee Initiative Make an Impact?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE FORUM Source Type: research

Validity and Responsiveness of the Work Functioning Impairment Scale in Workers With Depression
Conclusions: Our results suggest that WFun is convergently valid and responsive for determining the clinical severity of depression in workers treated as psychiatric outpatients. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Efficacy of Re-Engaging in an Employer Sponsored Weight Loss Program
Conclusion: There is clinically beneficial benefit (≥ 3%) to re-engaging in a corporate weight loss program when re-engagement occurs approximately 1 year later. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Medicare Claims Paid by the Federal Black Lung Benefits Program: US Medicare Beneficiaries, 1999 to 2016
Conclusions: Medicare beneficiaries with FBLP primary payer claims have higher healthcare utilization and comorbidities compared with Medicare enrollees, indicative of increased financial and healthcare burden. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Trends of Blood Cadmium Concentration Among Workers and Non-Workers in the United States (NHANES 2003 to 2012)
Conclusions: Cd exposure in the United States has been controlled to a safe level. Special protective measures should be taken for the lower SES group and blue-collars. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Implementation of Workers’ Health Surveillance by Occupational Physicians: A Survey Study
Conclusion: Even though OPs are motivated to implement WHS, development of knowledge and skills, and support to implement WHS at employers is needed to increase implementation of WHS. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Leading Indicators in Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems in Healthcare: A Quasi-Experimental Longitudinal Study
Conclusions: The results suggest the utilization of leading indicators to assess an organization's current OHSMS, identify areas for improvement, and implement tailored interventions is feasible to support a culture of safety in healthcare. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Organizational and Psychosocial Working Conditions and Their Relationship With Mental Health Outcomes in Patient-Care Workers
Conclusions: Working conditions that promote trustful relationships and a cooperative work environment may render sustainable solutions to prevent ill mental health. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Gender Differences With Regard to Perceived Job Insecurity and Insomnia in a Working Population
Conclusion: These findings reveal the sex differences in insomnia, thus suggesting the need to implement different approaches to deal with perceived job insecurity based on sex. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Rise and Fall of the Occupational Health and Safety Agency for Healthcare (OHSAH) in British Columbia, Canada
Conclusion: There is value to reconstituting a healthcare OHS agency. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: FAST TRACK ARTICLE Source Type: research

A Qualitative Exploration of Return to Work in the First 3-Years After Serious Injury
Conclusions: Our study of 54 people who RTW indicated the importance of personal adjustments and resources, positive social relations, and advanced planning aligning with responsive employers, insurers and health professionals for successful RTW. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors Among a Cohort of Mine Workers in Mongolia
Conclusion: Prevalence of hypertension for the study cohort was lower than general population which may be the healthy worker effect. Obesity, alcohol use, and smoking rates however, were slightly higher in the study cohort. Reducing the prevalence of risk factors will require significant resources. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Development of Prediction Model for the Prognosis of Sick Leave Due to Low Back Pain
Conclusion: The prediction model of this study can adequately predict LBP sick leave after 180 days and could be used for employees sick listed due LBP. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

A Brief Measure of Organizational Wellness Climate: Initial Validation and Focus on Small Businesses and Substance Misuse
Conclusions: Findings indicate that a 9-item measure has good reliability, construct, and criterion validity. Implications for practical use of the measure are discussed. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health B Reader Certification Program—An Update Report (1987 to 2018) and Future Directions
Conclusions: To address the declining B Reader population, NIOSH is currently taking steps to modernize the program and offer more opportunities for training and testing. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Implementation of a Standardized Screening Protocol to Improve Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Surveillance in First Responders
Conclusions: A standardized screening protocol using a validated self-assessment tool improved PTSD surveillance in first responders and triggered referral. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Military Occupational Specialty Codes: Utility in Predicting Inhalation Exposures in Post-9/11 Deployers
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine military occupational specialty (MOS) codes to identify those at risk from inhalation exposures during Southwest Asia deployment. Methods: Exposure intensity to diesel exhaust, sandstorms, burn pit smoke, combat dust, and occupational vapors/dusts/gases/fumes (VDGF) were scored for all Army/Marine MOS codes by an expert panel. Based on MOS code, panel-rated exposure scores were compared with questionnaire data from military personnel with postdeployment respiratory illnesses. Results: All exposures except VDGF were rated higher (range P  (Source: Journal of Occupati...
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Electrocardiographic Responses Following Live-Fire Firefighting Drills
Conclusion: Live-firefighting induces significant ECG changes that include ventricular arrhythmias and ST segment changes, which may reflect myocardial ischemia. The implications of such ECG changes explaining increased cardiovascular risk in firefighters warrants further research. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Noise and Occupational Medicine: Common Practice Problems
This article describes five deviations from good clinical practices masking the true societal costs of NIHL, leading to missed prevention opportunities, and creating burdens for individuals and society. These include attributing NIHL to nonoccupational sources, exculpating the workplace because of audiogram patterns without careful documentation, ignoring symptoms or physical examination findings, and simply denying work-relatedness, leading to employers inappropriately lining out cases from the OSHA 300 log. The practices identified by OSHA suggest that many individuals are not following widely recognized and accepted pra...
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Physical Work Environment and Sleep: A Latent Class Analysis
Conclusions: The person-centered approach provides important insights into how unique physical work environment experiences are linked with sleep. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Predictors of Presenteeism Among Hospital Employees—A Cross-Sectional Questionnaire-Based Study in Switzerland
Conclusion: Work stress, work without patients, job dissatisfaction, a chronic disease, and/or a younger age or rather less work experience seem to increase the chances of presenteeism among health-care workers. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Hearing Loss Among World Trade Center Firefighters and Emergency Medical Service Workers
Conclusions: More heavily WTC-exposed workers were at increased risk of hearing loss, and group differences persisted for at least 15 years. Those with abnormal hearing sensitivity may benefit from interventions such as hearing aids and other rehabilitation. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Trends in Cigarette Smoking Prevalence Among Refinery and Petrochemical Plant Workers, 1950 to 1999
Conclusions: As hourly workers typically comprise higher exposure groups and expected case counts are typically generated from the US general population, biased risk estimates may result from standardized mortality ratio analyses if smoking rate differences are not accounted for. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Predicted Impact of Adopting Health-Promoting Behaviors on Disease Burden in a Commercially Insured Population
Conclusions: The potential impact of adopting health-promoting behaviors is large relative to the burden from most medical conditions. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Economic Evaluation of an Intervention Promoting Adoption of Occupational Sun Protection Policies
Conclusion: SSW expanded adoption of sun protection actions at a reasonable per-employee cost. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

What Can You Achieve in 8 Years? A Case Study on Participation, Effectiveness, and Overall Impact of a Comprehensive Workplace Health Promotion Program
Conclusion: Despite modest annual participation rates, overall 8-year reach was considered reasonable. Conservatively, we consider the overall program impact to be moderate. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Sociodemographic and Job Characteristics Influence Environmental Strategies Used to Manage Workplace Sleepiness
Conclusions: Customization of workplace environmental factors in a manner cognizant of workers’ needs and sociodemographic and job characteristics could increase the use of evidence-based strategies to reduce sleepiness. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Calendar of Meetings
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: PEOPLE AND EVENTS Source Type: research

News Highlights
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: PEOPLE AND EVENTS Source Type: research

Christoph Scherrer, Katja Radon (Eds.): Occupational Safety and Health Challenges in Southern Agriculture
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: BOOK REVIEW Source Type: research

Weekly Working Hours and Mental Health Status in Different Occupations: Evidence From the 2015 to 2016 California Health Interview Survey
Conclusion: These results suggest MHS be susceptible to WWH in total population, men and management, business and finance occupations. WWH for the best MHS for relevant populations could provide evidence for better work hours regulations in California. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Effects of a Physical Therapist Led Workplace Personal-Fitness Management Program for Manufacturing Industry Workers: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Objective: Workplace fitness programs are used to improve worker physical capacity. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of physical therapist (PT) led personal-fitness management programs (PP) on manufacturing worker physical performance assessed using a 30-second chair stand (CS-30) test. Methods: This assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial enrolled 60 manufacturing workers allocated to a workplace PP group (PPG) or control group (CG). The PPG received monthly, PT managed, individualized PP for 6 months. The CG received a 90-minute group-fitness management course once during the study period. Results: CS...
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Exhaustion and Impaired Work Performance in the Workplace: Associations With Presenteeism and Absenteeism
Conclusions: Presenteeism, but not absenteeism, was associated with exhaustion. Both presenteeism and absenteeism were the salient correlates of impaired work performance. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Carbon Black and Lung Cancer Mortality—A Meta-regression Analysis Based on Three Occupational Cohort Studies
Conclusions: This meta-regression analysis of three large occupational mortality studies reports that historic workplace exposures to carbon black were not associated with a significant risk of lung cancer. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Relationships Between Poor Health and Calories From Fat Among Commercial Truck Drivers
Conclusion: Meaningful relationships between PCF and poor health indicators exist. These indicators may provide an intervention to improve the health and safety of CMV drivers. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Characterizing Long-Term Trajectories of Work and Disability Leave: The Role of Occupational Exposures, Health, and Personal Demographics
Conclusions: These trajectories and their correlates provide insight into disability processes and their relationship to demographic characteristics, health, and working conditions of employees. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Process Evaluation of the BearStand Behavioral Intervention: A Social Cognitive Theory-Based Approach to Reduce Occupational Sedentary Behavior
Conclusions: Future interventions should incorporate more engaging materials for participants, reduce contextual barriers, and facilitate use of apps and videos. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Pulmonary Function Testing in Dentists Versus Controls: A Pilot Study Exploring the Potential Respiratory-Related Occupational Hazards of Dentistry
Objective: Minimal research exists evaluating respiratory-related occupational hazards associated with dentistry in the United States. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pulmonary function of dentists as compared with controls. Methods: This is a case-control study evaluating pulmonary function in dentists versus controls. Outcomes included measurements of percent predicted FEV1 (FEV1%), percent of predicted FVC (FVC%), and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC). Results: Our findings indicate that dentists had a statistically significant lower percent predicted FEV1% (...
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

A 37-year Update on Mortality Patterns in an Expanded Cohort of Vermont Talc Miners and Millers
Conclusions: This study provides further evidence that excess deaths among Vermont talc workers are due largely to excess mortality from NMRD; there is no evidence of increased risk of respiratory cancer. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Unpacking the Associations Between Perceived Cultural Support and Employee Health: The Approach of Social Capital
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between workplace culture supporting health and self-rated health through social capital and stress. Methods: Structural equation modeling analysis was performed on data from employees of an insurance organization (N = 725). Results: Significant associations were found among participation of sports events, social capital, workplace culture of health, occupational perceived stress, and self-rated health (P  (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Self-Reported Health and Metal Body Burden in an Electronic Waste Recycling Community in Northeastern Thailand
Conclusions: Exposure to certain metals in e-waste recycling communities may adversely impact health status. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Cost, Gain, and Health: Theoretical Clarification and Psychometric Validation of a Work Stress Model With Data From Two National Studies
Conclusions: The short version of the ERI questionnaire is a psychometrically useful tool for epidemiological research. The finding demonstrating nonsymmetric effects of cost/gain imbalance contributes to a theoretical clarification of this stress–theoretical model. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Mortality Among Men and Women in the North American Synthetic Rubber Industry, 1943 to 2009
Conclusions: Results support a causal relationship between butadiene and leukemia. Interpretation of results for lung cancer among women and for bladder cancer is uncertain because of inability to control for smoking and inadequate or inconsistent support from other studies for an association between butadiene or styrene and the latter cancers. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Direct and Indirect Cost of Obesity Among the Privately Insured in the United States: A Focus on the Impact by Type of Industry
Objective: To evaluate obesity-related costs and body mass index (BMI) as a cost predictor among privately insured employees by industry. Methods: Individuals with/without obesity were identified using the Optum Health Reporting and Insights employer claims database (January, 2010 to March, 2017). Direct/indirect costs were reported per-patient-per-year (PPPY). Multivariate models were used to estimate the association between obesity and high costs (more than or equal to 80th percentile) by industry. Results: Overall (N = 86,221), direct and absenteeism/disability cost differences between class I obesity (BMI 3...
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Literature Review of Policy Implications From Findings of the Center for Work, Health, and Well-being
Conclusions: Policy implications of TWH® research will aid in setting priorities to translate this from research into practice in future studies and help identify gaps that we and others can use to plan future TWH® research. (Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research