Corrigendum to "Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population".
Corrigendum to "Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population". J Obes. 2018;2018:3126805 Authors: Nilsson G, Hedberg P, Leppert J, Ohrvik J Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/3839482.]. PMID: 30662769 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 22, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Epidemiology and Economic Burden of Obesity and Related Cardiometabolic Disorders in the United Arab Emirates: A Systematic Review and Qualitative Synthesis.
Conclusions: Obesity and related cardiometabolic disorders are highly prevalent in the UAE, but quoting a precise prevalence for them is difficult given the methodological heterogeneity of the epidemiological studies addressing them. Nonetheless, we detected a 2-3-fold increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the UAE between 1989 and 2017. It is hopeful that this systematic review will provide an insight into direct future studies, especially longitudinal studies exploring obesity and cardiometabolic risks and their costs. PMID: 30652030 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Single Nucleotide Polymorphism PPARG2 Pro12Ala Affects Body Mass Index, Fat Mass, and Blood Pressure in Severely Obese Patients.
Conclusions: Severely obese individuals carrying the Ala allele of the PPARG2 Pro12Ala polymorphism had higher measures of adiposity and blood pressure, while no important associations were found for the IL6 -174G>C polymorphism. PMID: 30652031 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Evaluation of Worksite Wellness Nutrition and Physical Activity Programs and Their Subsequent Impact on Participants' Body Composition.
Conclusion: Evidence supports that future worksite wellness programs that are designed using a motivational theory and content that is created relevant to participants' needs and that has frequent interactions with participants may result in a change in body composition. PMID: 30631593 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 12, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Counting Footsteps with a Pedometer to Improve HMW Adiponectin and Metabolic Syndrome among Young Female Adults in the United Arab Emirates.
This study examined how counting footsteps, using a pedometer, might affect HMW-Adip and MetS components among young females. Methods: Fifty-two females (21.43 ± 4.8 years) were divided into "normal" (BMI = 18-24.9 kg/m2) and "high" (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) BMI groups. Participants wore pedometers throughout the day for nine weeks. Pre-post intervention tests performed on anthropometric, biochemical, and nutrient intake variables were tested at p ≤ 0.05. Results: Participants walked 7056 ± 1570 footsteps/day without a significant difference between normal (7488.49 &plus...
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 12, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

A Strong Graded Relationship between Level of Obesity and COPD: Findings from a National Population-Based Study of Lifelong Nonsmokers.
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between COPD and levels of obesity in a nationally representative sample of non-Hispanic white never-smokers. Data were drawn from the 2012 Center for Disease Control's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Pearson's chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were conducted in a large nationally representative sample of non-Hispanic white respondents aged 50 and over (76,004 women; 37,618 men) who reported that they had never smoked. A dose-response relationship was observed for both men and women: the prevalence of COPD increased from 2.5%...
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 26, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population.
Authors: Nilsson G, Hedberg P, Leppert J, Ohrvik J Abstract We compared weight, height, waist and hip circumferences (hip), body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-hip ratio in acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients and individually sex- and age-matched control subjects from the general population in the catchment area of the patients and predicted the risk of MI status by these basic anthropometric measures. The study cohort comprised 748 patients ≤80 years of age with acute MI from a major Swedish cardiac center and their individually sex- and age-matched controls. The analyses were stratified for sex and age (...
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 14, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Weight Loss Induced by Bariatric Surgery Restricts Hepatic GDF15 Expression.
Conclusion: Based on recent mechanistic findings, our data suggest that hepatic GDF15 may serve as a negative feedback mechanism to control energy balance in NAFLD. PMID: 30533221 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 14, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Body Mass Index at Pediatric Leukemia Diagnosis and the Risks of Relapse and Mortality: Findings from a Single Institution and Meta-analysis.
Authors: Saenz AM, Stapleton S, Hernandez RG, Hale GA, Goldenberg NA, Schwartz S, Amankwah EK Abstract High body mass index (BMI) is associated with relapse of certain adult cancers, but limited knowledge exists on its association with pediatric leukemia relapse. We evaluated the association between overweight/obesity (BMI ≥ 85th percentile) at pediatric leukemia diagnosis and relapse or mortality. A meta-analysis combining our findings with those of previous studies was also performed. The study included 181 pediatric leukemia patients. Sporadic missing data were multiply imputed, and hazard ratios (HR) and 95%...
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 6, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Anthropometric Indicators of Adiposity Related to Body Weight and Body Shape as Cardiometabolic Risk Predictors in British Young Adults: Superiority of Waist-to-Height Ratio.
Authors: Amirabdollahian F, Haghighatdoost F Abstract Frequently reported poor dietary habits of young adults increase their risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Excess adiposity is the most established predictor of MetS, and numerous anthropometric measures have been proposed as proxy indicators of adiposity. We aimed to assess prevalence of MetS in young adult population and to make comparison between weight- and shape-oriented measures of adiposity to identify the best index in association with measured body fat and as a risk predictor for MetS. Healthy males and females aged 18-25 years from the Northwest of Engl...
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 6, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

School-Based Interventions and Programs to Address Weight Issues.
Authors: Heo M, Pietrobelli A, Wylie-Rosett J, Faith MS PMID: 30510797 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 5, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Smallanthus sonchifolius (Yacon) Flour Improves Visceral Adiposity and Metabolic Parameters in High-Fat-Diet-Fed Rats.
This study aimed to investigate the antiobesity properties of yacon roots in a high-fat-diet (HFD) model and the underlying mechanisms. A total of 30 Wistar male rats were divided into five groups (n=6): the standard chow diet (SD) group was fed a SD; the HFD group was fed a HFD; and the HFD Y340 and HFD Y680 groups were fed a HFD plus yacon flour (340 and 680 mg FOS/kg b. w./day, respectively). HFD Y340 and HFD Y680 rats exhibited marked attenuation of weight gain, a decrease in visceral fat pad weight, a restoration of the serum lipid profile and atherogenic index in a dose-dependent manner, being the higher dose more effective (p
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 5, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Impact of Sleeve Gastrectomy on Psychiatric Medication Use and Symptoms.
Conclusion: Anxiety symptoms improved in>50% of subjects at predominantly the same or reduced dosage. Depression symptoms improved in 67% and commonly without therapy change. These data suggest evidence that patients undergoing SG while on medication for anxiety or depression may have early symptom improvement on the same or lessened dosage. PMID: 30410796 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 11, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Gastric Plication versus Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: An Up-to-Date Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Perivoliotis K, Sioka E, Katsogridaki G, Zacharoulis D Abstract Introduction: A meta-analysis was conducted in order to provide an up-to-date comparison of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) for morbid obesity. Materials and Methods: The PRISMA guidelines and the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions were used for the conduction of this study. A systematic literature search was performed in the electronic databases (MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and Web of Science and Scopus). The fixed effects or random effects model was used according to the Cochran...
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 9, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

School Engagement in Relation to Body Mass Index and School Achievement in a High-School Age Sample.
Conclusions: These novel findings shed light on why heavier students often experience lower academic achievement. Intervention studies targeting barriers to classroom engagement among overweight and obese youth are needed so that their academic potential is not compromised. PMID: 30402282 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 9, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Using Adipose Measures from Health Care Provider-Based Imaging Data for Discovery.
This study supports the utility of pursuing future clinical and genetic discoveries with existing imaging data-derived adipose tissue measures deployed at a larger scale. PMID: 30363675 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 27, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Effects of Immediate or Delayed Estradiol on Behavior in Old Menopausal Macaques on Obesogenic Diet.
This study approached several questions: (1) does a western-style diet (WSD) contribute to sedentary behavior or is sedentary behavior a consequence of obesity and (2) does estradiol (E) hormone therapy offset WSD or ameliorate sedentary behavior? We further questioned whether the timing of E administration (immediately following hysterectomy, ImE; or after a 2-year delay, DE) would impact behavior. Focal observations were taken on the animals in social housing over a period of 2.5 years before and after initiation of the WSD and hysterectomy. In addition, anxiety was assessed through the Human Intruder and Novel Object Te...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 27, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Gestational Weight Gain Intervention Impacts Determinants of Healthy Eating and Exercise in Overweight/Obese Pregnant Women.
Conclusion. Brief exposure to a theoretically-driven, GWG intervention resulted in changes to exercise and healthy eating TPB and self-regulation motivational determinants, no significant increase in GWG, and suggests intervention intensity can strengthen perceived ability to engage in exercise/healthy eating behaviors; offering initial proof-of-concept for the intervention to regulate GWG in overweight/obese pregnant women. Future research will test this intervention over the course of pregnancy to understand long-term impact on maternal-fetal health outcomes. PMID: 30364005 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 27, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Association between Antihypertensive Medication Use and Blood Pressure Is Influenced by Obesity.
We examined whether BP attained when using various antihypertensive medications varies amongst different body mass index (BMI) categories and whether antihypertensive medication use is associated with differences in other metabolic risk factors, independent of BMI. Methods: Adults with hypertension from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999 to 2014 were used (n=15,285). Linear regression analyses were used to examine the main effects and interaction between antihypertensive use and BMI. Results: In general, users of antihypertensive medications had lower BP than those not taking BP...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 27, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Obesity Is Associated with Early Onset of Gastrointestinal Cancers in California.
Conclusions: The diagnosis of obesity, especially morbid obesity, was associated with a significantly earlier gastrointestinal cancer onset in California. Further research with prospective cohort data may be required to establish the causal relationship between obesity and cancer onset age. PMID: 30327727 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 19, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Relationship between Peer Pressure and Risk of Eating Disorders among Adolescents in Jordan.
Conclusions: The current findings suggest that healthcare professionals are encouraged to conduct appropriate school-based primary prevention for disordered eating behaviors. PMID: 30327728 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 19, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Resectional One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass/Mini Gastric Bypass as a Novel Option for Revision of Restrictive Procedures: Preliminary Results.
Conclusion: R-OAGB/MGB was technically straightforward, effective, and safe in this at-surgical risk population. R-OAGB/MGB should be added to the armamentarium of revisional bariatric procedures considering its technical aspects and the potential advantage on weight loss. PMID: 30319821 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 16, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Adiposity Is a Key Correlate of Circulating Fibroblast Growth Factor-21 Levels in African Males with or without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Conclusion: Levels of circulating FGF-21 in overweight and obese African males are higher in T2DM and strongly correlate with measures of adiposity. PMID: 30298107 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 10, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Arm Circumference-to-Height Ratio as a Situational Alternative to BMI Percentile in Assessing Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk in Adolescents.
Conclusions: Without needing adjustment for age and weight, AHtR can predict some cardiometabolic risk factors of adolescents, especially of males, more accurately than BMI percentile, thus facilitating population risk estimation and early interventions. Further research is required to validate these findings in younger children. PMID: 30258656 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - September 29, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Prevalence and Predictors of Overweight and Obesity among Somalis in Norway and Somaliland: A Comparative Study.
Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is high among Somali immigrants in Norway, but also among women in Somaliland. The high prevalence of overweight and obesity, particularly among women, calls for long-term prevention strategies. PMID: 30250753 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - September 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Overweight and Obesity in Schoolchildren: Hierarchical Analysis of Associated Demographic, Behavioral, and Biological Factors.
Authors: Reuter CP, de Mello ED, da Silva PT, Borges TS, Klinger EI, Franke SIR, Valim ARM Abstract Studies focused on the mechanisms involved in the development of obesity in children and adolescents have reported associations between this condition and birth weight, sedentary lifestyle, and hereditary conditions. However, few studies have simultaneously evaluated these factors. This cross-sectional study aims to identify demographic, behavioral, and biological factors associated with overweight/obesity in children and adolescents. 381 schoolchildren aged seven to 17 years were included in the study to evaluate th...
Source: Journal of Obesity - September 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Prospective Associations of the Short Form Health Survey Vitality Scale and Changes in Body Mass Index and Obesity Status.
The objectives of the current study were to prospectively investigate the predictive value of the vitality scale of the Short Form Health Survey for changes in body mass index and development of obesity. Methods: The study population comprised 2864 (81.5%) men and 648 (18.5%) women from the Metropolit Project and the Danish Longitudinal Study on Work, Unemployment and Health, who participated in a follow-up examination in 2009-2011 corresponding to a follow-up period of 3-7 years. Associations of vitality with body mass index and obesity were investigated separately for men and women in linear and logistic regression m...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 30, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Sequence Analysis of the UCP1 Gene in a Severe Obese Population from Southern Italy".
Corrigendum to "Sequence Analysis of the UCP1 Gene in a Severe Obese Population from Southern Italy". J Obes. 2018;2018:3260210 Authors: Labruna G, Pasanisi F, Fortunato G, Nardelli C, Finelli C, Farinaro E, Contaldo F, Sacchetti L Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2011/269043.]. PMID: 30123581 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 21, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Impact of Experimentally Induced Cognitive Dietary Restraint on Eating Behavior Traits, Appetite Sensations, and Markers of Stress during Energy Restriction in Overweight/Obese Women.
Authors: Morin I, Bégin C, Maltais-Giguère J, Bédard A, Tchernof A, Lemieux S Abstract Weight loss has been associated with changes in eating behaviors and appetite sensations that favor a regain in body weight. Since traditional weight loss approaches emphasize the importance of increasing cognitive dietary restraint (CDR) to achieve negative energy imbalance, it is difficult to untangle the respective contributions of energy restriction and increases in CDR on factors that can eventually lead to body weight regain. The present study aimed at comparing the effects of energy restriction alone o...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 21, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Anthropometrics, Metabolic Syndrome, and Mortality Hazard.
Authors: Krakauer NY, Krakauer JC Abstract Independent indices (height, body mass index, a body shape index, and hip index) derived from basic anthropometrics have been found to be powerful predictors of mortality hazard, especially when the attributable risks are summed over these indices to give an anthropometric risk index (ARI). The metabolic syndrome (MS) is defined based on the co-occurrence of anthropometric, clinical, and laboratory criteria and is also widely employed for evaluating disease risk. Here, we investigate correlations between ARI and MS in a general population sample, the United States Third Na...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 21, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The First Step of Health Policy-Making for Lifestyle Modifications at Middle Age: Problem Identification in 40- to 60-Year-Old Population, Northern Iran.
Authors: Mouodi S, Hosseini SR, Ghadimi R, Bijani A, Cumming RG, Amiri HA, Bayani F, Sum S Abstract Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the current situation of lifestyle behaviors and related outcomes, as the first step to make proper local health policies for improvement of health lifestyle behaviors. Materials and Methods: This analytic research has been conducted as a cross-sectional study on the middle-aged (40-60 years old) population of Amirkola, Northern Iran. The Persian translation of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Que...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 21, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Canadian Senate Report on Obesity: Focusing on Individual Behaviours versus Social Determinants of Health May Promote Weight Stigma.
Authors: Alberga AS, McLaren L, Russell-Mayhew S, von Ranson KM Abstract Very little attention has been given to unintended consequences of government reporting on obesity. This paper argues that the 2016 Senate report, "Obesity in Canada: A Whole-Of-Society Approach," exemplifies the systemic public health issue of weight stigma. The purpose of this viewpoint is to critique the approach taken in the Report, by illustrating that it (1) takes a weight-centric approach to health, (2) does not acknowledge important limitations of the definition and measurement of obesity, (3) reifies obesity as a categorical...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 31, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Trial Characteristics and Appropriateness of Statistical Methods Applied for Design and Analysis of Randomized School-Based Studies Addressing Weight-Related Issues: A Literature Review.
Authors: Heo M, Nair SR, Wylie-Rosett J, Faith MS, Pietrobelli A, Glassman NR, Martin SN, Dickinson S, Allison DB Abstract Objective: To evaluate whether clustering effects, often quantified by the intracluster correlation coefficient (ICC), were appropriately accounted for in design and analysis of school-based trials. Methods: We searched PubMed and extracted variables concerning study characteristics, power analysis, ICC use for power analysis, applied statistical models, and the report of the ICC estimated from the observed data. Results: N=263 papers were identified, and N=121 papers were included for ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Identification and Characterization of Families That Are Positively Deviant for Childhood Obesity in a Latino Population: A Case-Control Study.
Conclusions: Positive deviants (cases) were distinct from controls in several parenting strategies such as creating healthy food environments and engaging caregivers. They had higher self-efficacy despite lower education. There were fewer differences in diet and physical activity than expected. PMID: 30018820 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 20, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Dyslipidemia and Fatty Liver Disease in Overweight and Obese Children.
Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is common in overweight, obese children. FLD is prevalent in those with elevated liver transaminases. WC is an easy tool that can be utilized to screen for dyslipidemia and FLD in overweight and obese children. PMID: 30009050 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 18, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

A Shorter Circular Stapler Height at the Gastrojejunostomy during a Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass Results in Less Strictures and Bleeding Complications.
Authors: Horkoff M, Purich K, Switzer N, Prasad S, Church N, Shi X, Mitchell P, Debru E, Karmali S, Gill R Abstract The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is prone to a number of complications, most notably at the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) staple line. The circular stapler technique is a common method used to create the GJ anastomosis. Although recent studies have shown a decreased rate of anastomotic strictures with shorter stapler heights, the optimal circular stapler height to use remains controversial. We therefore completed a retrospective cohort study within the Alberta Provincial Bariatric Program (A...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 14, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Examining the Obesogenic Attributes of the Family Child Care Home Environment: A Literature Review.
Authors: Francis L, Shodeinde L, Black MM, Allen J Abstract Childhood obesity is a major public health concern in the US. More than a third of young children 2-5 years old are placed in nonrelative child care for the majority of the day, making the child care setting an important venue to spearhead obesity prevention. Much of the obesity research in child care has focused on center-based facilities, with emerging research on Family Child Care Homes (FCCHs)-child care operated in a home setting outside the child's home. The purpose of this review was to assess the obesogenic attributes of the FCCH environment. A sea...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 11, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Management of Pregnant Women after Bariatric Surgery.
Authors: Harreiter J, Schindler K, Bancher-Todesca D, Göbl C, Langer F, Prager G, Gessl A, Leutner M, Ludvik B, Luger A, Kautzky-Willer A, Krebs M Abstract The prevalence of obesity is growing worldwide, and strategies to overcome this epidemic need to be developed urgently. Bariatric surgery is a very effective treatment option to reduce excess weight and often performed in women of reproductive age. Weight loss influences fertility positively and can resolve hormonal imbalance. So far, guidelines suggest conceiving after losing maximum weight and thus recommend conception at least 12-24 months after surgery....
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 7, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Body Size Misperception and Overweight or Obesity among Saudi College-Aged Females.
Authors: Albeeybe J, Alomer A, Alahmari T, Asiri N, Alajaji R, Almassoud R, Al-Hazzaa HM Abstract The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between perceived and desired body size and overweight and obesity among college-aged females. A multistage stratified cluster random sample was used to select 907 healthy females from a major Saudi public university. The Stunkard Figure Rating Scale (FRS) was used for body size assessment. Overweight/obesity classification was based on BMI less than or equal to/greater than 25 kg/m2. Overweight plus obesity prevalence was 28.1%. There were significant dif...
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 30, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Effects of 6 Months of Active Commuting and Leisure-Time Exercise on Fibrin Turnover in Sedentary Individuals with Overweight and Obesity: A Randomised Controlled Trial.
Authors: Gram AS, Petersen MB, Quist JS, Rosenkilde M, Stallknecht B, Bladbjerg EM Abstract Obesity and exercise constitute important factors for cardiovascular disease risk, but the long-term effects of different exercise modalities on haemostatic biomarkers are not well elucidated. We investigated the effects of 6 months of active commuting or leisure-time exercise on measures of fibrin turnover in individuals who are overweight and obese. Ninety younger (20-40 years), sedentary, healthy women and men who are overweight and obese (BMI: 25-35 kg/m2) were randomised to 6 months of habitual lifestyle (CON, n=...
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 13, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Adipose Tissue-Secreted Factors Alter Bladder Cancer Cell Migration.
Conclusion: Factors secreted by adipose tissue influence the migration of bladder tumor cells and could play an active role in tumor progression. PMID: 29887999 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 13, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

FTO rs9939609 Does Not Interact with Physical Exercise but Influences Basal Insulin Metabolism in Brazilian Overweight and Obese Adolescents.
Conclusions: In our study, the rs9939609 AA genotype was associated with parameters related to insulin metabolism but did not interact with physical exercise. PMID: 29854435 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 3, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Is There Association between Vitamin D Concentrations and Body Mass Index Variation in Women Submitted to Y-Roux Surgery?
Authors: Dos Santos MTA, Suano-Souza FI, Affonso Fonseca FL, Lazaretti-Castro M, Sarni ROS Abstract Objective: To evaluate vitamin D deficiency and body composition of women submitted to bariatric surgery and relate their body mass index variation after surgery to 25(OH)D concentrations. Method: A cross-sectional and controlled study was performed including 49 obese adult volunteer women, submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB group). Collected Data: Body mass index (BMI), self-declared ethnicity, economic condition, physical activity level, serum concentrations of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D; r...
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 3, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Associations of Body Mass Index, Motor Performance, and Perceived Athletic Competence with Physical Activity in Normal Weight and Overweight Children.
Authors: Morrison KM, Cairney J, Eisenmann J, Pfeiffer K, Gould D Abstract Children who are overweight and obese display lower physical activity levels than normal weight peers. Measures of weight status, perceived motor competence, and motor skill performance have been identified as potential correlates explaining this discrepancy. 1881 children (955 males; 926 females; 9.9 years) were assessed as part of the Physical Health Activity Study Team project. The age, habitual physical activity participation (PAP), body mass index (BMI), socioeconomic status (SES), motor performance (MP), and perceived athletic competen...
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 3, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Boss' Healthy Buddies Nutrition Resource Is Effective for Elementary School Students.
Authors: Pittman DW, Bland IR, Cabrera ID, Franck KE, Perkins EL, Schmidt NA, Allen HN, Atkins SR, Pittman SB Abstract Previously we have shown that our Healthy Eating Decisions school-based intervention can influence students' selections of the healthiest foods available in their elementary school cafeterias through positive reinforcement techniques. Although effective, we recognized that students were missing fundamental nutrition knowledge necessary to understand why the Healthy Eating Decisions program identified particular beverages and foods as the healthiest in the cafeteria. Therefore, we developed the Boss...
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 3, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Mechanism Underlying Tissue Cryotherapy to Combat Obesity/Overweight: Triggering Thermogenesis.
Conclusions: These findings argue that cold-induced thermogenesis ("cryothermogenesis") rather than adipocyte disruption underlies the reduction in AT volume, raising the prospect that more intensive cryotherapy may be a viable option for combating obesity and overweight. PMID: 29854439 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 3, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Association between Adolescent's Weight Perception and Health Behaviors: Analysis of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data, 2011-2014.
Authors: Xu F, Greaney ML, Cohen SA, Riebe D, Greene GW Abstract The association between adolescents' weight perception and their physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors remains unclear. Therefore, these associations were explored using data from 2438 adolescents aged 12-19 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination 2011-2014 Survey. Respondents reported weight perception, and their weight perception accuracy was determined by examining whether the measured weight and perceived weight were concordant. Respondents also reported sedentary time (sitting time and screen time), PA, an...
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 1, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Pilot Project to Integrate Community and Clinical Level Systems to Address Health Disparities in the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity among Ethnic Minority Inner-City Middle School Students: Lessons Learned.
We report on our initial implementation activities using the Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) framework using hybrid outcomes combining the Reach element from the RE-AIM framework with a newly conceptualized Wellness Cascade. PMID: 29850232 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 1, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Chronic Effect of Interval Training on Energy Intake: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Taylor J, Keating SE, Holland DJ, Coombes JS, Leveritt MD Abstract Single bouts of acute exercise do not appear to increase subsequent energy intake (EI), even when energy deficit is large. However, studies have shown a compensatory effect on EI following chronic exercise, and it remains unclear whether this is affected by exercise intensity. We investigated the chronic effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and sprint interval training (SIT) on EI when compared with moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) or no exercise (CON). Databases were searched until 13 March 2017 for studies measur...
Source: Journal of Obesity - May 31, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Obesity Prevention: A Systematic Review of Setting-Based Interventions from Nordic Countries and the Netherlands.
Conclusions: There is a need to prioritise interventions with study designs of high quality, theory, and a participatory approach, for optimal implementation and evaluation of obesity prevention interventions. PMID: 29808116 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - May 31, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research