Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors in relation to Overweight Defined by BMI and "Normal-Weight Obesity".
Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors in relation to Overweight Defined by BMI and "Normal-Weight Obesity". J Obes. 2020;2020:2070297 Authors: Ohlsson B, Manjer J Abstract Sociodemographic factors and lifestyle habits affect body weight and body composition. A new syndrome, called normal-weight obesity (NWO), is found in individuals with normal weight and excess body fat in contrast to lean and overweight individuals. The aim of the present study was to explore the associations between sociodemographic factors and smoking and alcohol habits and lower versus higher BMI (≥25 kg/m2) a...
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Linkage between Neighborhood Social Cohesion and BMI of South Asians in the Masala Study.
Conclusion: Perceived neighborhood social cohesion was not significantly associated with BMI among South Asians in our study sample. Further research is recommended to explore whether other neighborhood characteristics may be associated with BMI and other health outcomes in South Asians and the mechanisms through which neighborhood may influence health. PMID: 31998534 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Maximum Phonation Time in People with Obesity Not Submitted or Submitted to Bariatric Surgery.
Conclusion: Compared with healthy controls, maximal phonation time is shorter in people with obesity, with a tendency to increase after bariatric surgery, as a possible consequence of weight loss. PMID: 31976088 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Total and Compartmental Chest Wall Volumes, Lung Function, and Respiratory Muscle Strength in Individuals with Abdominal Obesity: Effects of Body Positions.
The objective of the current study was to examine the effects of the body positions on total and compartmental chest wall volumes, lung function, and respiratory muscle strength in individuals with and without abdominal obesity. Methods: Twenty obesity and twenty healthy males performed in four body position including sitting without and with back support, Fowler's, and supine positions. Each position was performed for five minutes. Chest wall volumes, lung function, and respiratory muscle strength were assessed in each position. Results: Sitting without and with back support resulted in higher total and rib cage c...
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Impact of Step Recommendations on Body Composition and Physical Activity Patterns in College Freshman Women: A Randomized Trial.
Authors: Bailey BW, Bartholomew CL, Summerhays C, Deru L, Compton S, Tucker LA, LeCheminant JD, Hicks J Abstract Purpose: Transitioning from high school to college generally results in reduced physical activity and weight gain at a rate that is higher than the general population. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of three progressively higher step recommendations over 24 weeks on changes in body weight and body composition. Methods: Ninety-two freshmen college women wore a multifunction pedometer for 24 weeks after being randomly assigned to a daily step level: 10,000, 12,500, or 15,000. Pedo...
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Influence of Parent Stressors on Adolescent Obesity in African American Youth.
Conclusion: These findings suggest parents' exposure and appraisal of stressors related to community safety are associated with increased adolescent obesity in African American youth. Longitudinal, larger-scale studies are needed to better understand the mechanisms by which community safety may increase obesity risk in this ethnic minority pediatric population. This trail is registered with NCT02938663. PMID: 31871784 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 26, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Change and Stability in Sibling Resemblance in Obesity Markers: The Portuguese Sibling Study on Growth, Fitness, Lifestyle, and Health.
Conclusions: Longitudinal individual tracking and sibling resemblance for obesity markers were found. Yet, different trajectories were also identified depending on the marker and sib type. Individual and familial characteristics exert different influences on each obesity marker. PMID: 31827922 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Accuracy of Longitudinal Assessment of Visceral Adipose Tissue by Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry in Children with Obesity.
Authors: Dias KA, Ramos JS, Wallen MP, Davies PSW, Cain PA, Leong GM, Ingul CB, Coombes JS, Keating SE Abstract Background: Increased visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is strongly associated with cardiometabolic risk factors. Accurate quantification of VAT is available through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which incurs a significant financial and time burden. We aimed to assess the accuracy of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry- (DXA-) derived VAT (DXA-VAT) against a gold standard MRI protocol (MRI-VAT) in children with normal weight and obesity cross-sectionally, and over the course of a lifestyle intervention. ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Changes in Circulating BDNF in relation to Sex, Diet, and Exercise: A 12-Week Randomized Controlled Study in Overweight and Obese Participants.
Authors: Glud M, Christiansen T, Larsen LH, Richelsen B, Bruun JM Abstract Circulating BDNF is higher in women than in men and suggested to be affected by changes in food intake, body weight, and exercise. The purpose of this study was to compare BDNF concentrations in women and men during a 12-week weight loss intervention. Using a previously published 12-week randomized study, serum BDNF was assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Fifty overweight or obese but healthy individuals (26 women, mean age of 36.4 ± 7.9 years; 24 men, mean age of 38...
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Are Nonnutritive Sweeteners Obesogenic? Associations between Diet, Faecal Microbiota, and Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Morbidly Obese Subjects.
Authors: Farup PG, Lydersen S, Valeur J Abstract Obesity has been associated with changes in the gut microbiota and its metabolites. The study explored changes in the faecal microbiota and short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) associated with the diet (including nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs)) and evaluated metabolic consequences in subjects with morbid obesity. The diet was assessed with a validated food frequency questionnaire. One unit of NNSs was 100 mL beverage with NNSs or 2 tablets/teaspoons of NNSs. The faecal microbiota was assessed with GA-map® dysbiosis test and SCFA with gas chromatography and flame...
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Food-Insecure Women Eat a Less Diverse Diet in a More Temporally Variable Way: Evidence from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-4.
Authors: Nettle D, Bateson M Abstract Food insecurity is associated with high body weight amongst women, but not men, in high-income countries. Previous research using food recalls suggests that the total energy intake of food-insecure women is not elevated, though macronutrient composition may differ from that of food-secure women. There is limited evidence on temporal patterns of food consumption. Here, we used food recalls from women in the 2013-4 cycle of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, n = 2798) to characterise temporal patterns of food consumption in relation to foo...
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 1, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Comparative Abilities of Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, Abdominal Volume Index, Body Adiposity Index, and Conicity Index as Predictive Screening Tools for Metabolic Syndrome among Apparently Healthy Ghanaian Adults.
This study was a cross sectional study conducted from September 2017 to January 2018, among one hundred sixty (160) apparently healthy normoglycemic normotensive adults. A self-designed questionnaire was administered to gather sociodemographic data. Anthropometric and haemodynamic measurements were also taken. Blood samples were collected for fasting blood glucose (FBG) and lipid profile. MetS was classified using the harmonised criteria as indicated by the joint interim statement (JIS). Of 160 participants, 42.5% were male and 57.5% were female. Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) associated better with Met...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Cardiac Obesity and Cardiac Cachexia: Is There a Pathophysiological Link?
Authors: Selthofer-Relatić K, Kibel A, Delić-Brkljačić D, Bošnjak I Abstract Obesity is a risk factor for cardiometabolic and vascular diseases like arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, dyslipidaemia, and atherosclerosis. A special role in obesity-related syndromes is played by cardiac visceral obesity, which includes epicardial adipose tissue and intramyocardial fat, leading to cardiac steatosis; hypertensive heart disease; atherosclerosis of epicardial coronary artery disease; and ischemic cardiomyopathy, cardiac microcirculatory dysfunction, diabetic cardiomyopathy, and atrial fibrillation...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Quality of Life before and after Sleeve Gastrectomy in Lebanese Population.
Authors: Alkassis M, Haddad FG, Gharios J, Noun R, Chakhtoura G Abstract Introduction: Obesity is increasing worldwide and in Lebanon with a negative impact on the quality of life. The primary objective of this study is to measure the quality of life in obese subjects before and after bariatric surgery, depending on age, sex, and degree of weight loss. A secondary objective is to determine the impact of bariatric surgery on comorbidities associated with obesity. Materials and methods: Patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 between August 2016 and April 201...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Correlates of Overweight in Children and Adolescents Living at Different Altitudes: The Peruvian Health and Optimist Growth Study.
Authors: Santos C, Bustamante A, Hedeker D, Vasconcelos O, Garganta R, Katzmarzyk PT, Maia J Abstract Background and Aim: Overweight prevalence in children and adolescents shows great variability which is related to individual-level and environmental-level factors. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with overweight in Peruvian children and adolescents living at different altitudes. Methods: 8568 subjects, aged 6-16 y, from the sea level, Amazon, and high-altitude regions were sampled. Overweight was identified using BMI; biological maturation and physical fitnes...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Association of Pension Income with the Incidence of Type I Obesity among Retired Israelis.
The objective of the current study is to investigate gender differences and the impact of wealth and income from pensions, sociodemographic variables, and self-assessment of health conditions on the projected probability to become obese in the postretirement age (67 years and older). We are unaware of previous studies, which explored the direct relationship between obesity, monetary income from pensions, wealth, and self-assessment of health conditions. To conduct this research, we make use of an extensive questionnaire concerning the economic and sociodemographic features and health and housing conditions of indivi...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 21, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Erratum to "Double-Blind, Randomized, Three-Armed, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Investigation to Evaluate the Benefit and Tolerability of Two Dosages of IQP-AE-103 in Reducing Body Weight in Overweight and Moderately Obese Subjects".
Erratum to "Double-Blind, Randomized, Three-Armed, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Investigation to Evaluate the Benefit and Tolerability of Two Dosages of IQP-AE-103 in Reducing Body Weight in Overweight and Moderately Obese Subjects". J Obes. 2019;2019:6189724 Authors: Uebelhack R, Bongartz U, Seibt S, Bothe G, Chong PW, De Costa P, Wszelaki N Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2019/3412952.]. PMID: 31380115 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Correlations between Traditional and Nontraditional Indicators of Adiposity, Inflammation, and Monocyte Subtypes in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease.
Authors: Garofallo SB, Portal VL, Markoski MM, Dias LD, de Quadrosa AS, Marcadenti A Abstract Background: Recruitment of monocytes and low-grade inflammation process are both involved in obesity and in atherosclerosis. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation among indicators of adiposity, monocyte subtypes, and inflammatory markers in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including 97 patients with stable CAD aged>40 years. Traditional anthropometric indicators of adiposity (body mass index (BMI); waist, hip, and neck circumfe...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Can Yellow Stripe Scad Compete with Salmon on Its Role in Platelet Phospholipid Membrane and Its Cardiovascular Benefits?
Authors: Yakubu A, Azlan A, Loh SP, Md Noor S Abstract This review article stresses the effective role of dietary fish fillet docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on overweight as a risk factor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) via platelet phospholipid modification. Several reports have demonstrated that saturated fat in overweight evokes systemic inflammation and more importantly predisposes it to cardiovascular disorder. Prospective studies have shown that saturated fat is directly proportional to the level of arachidonic acids (AA), precursor of thromboxane in the platelet phospholipid membr...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Health Promotion and Obesity in the Arab Gulf States: Challenges and Good Practices.
Authors: Samara A, Andersen PT, Aro AR Abstract This debate paper focuses on available strategies, policies, and challenges of health promotion for combating obesity in the Arab Gulf states (Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, and Qatar). The paper focuses on the abovementioned countries due to their similarity on many aspects and because of their alarming obesity rates that are on the rise and keep increasing. The paper argues that there are significant efforts to be made in sectors such as policies, intersectoral work, primary healthcare, health promotion strategies development, and qualified personnel for healt...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of Obesity among Indigenous Peoples in Canada.
Authors: Batal M, Decelles S Abstract Indigenous populations in Canada are heavily affected by the burden of obesity, and certain communities, such as First Nations on reserve, are not included in the sampling framework of large national health surveys. A scoping review of ever published original research reporting obesity rates (body mass index ≥ 30), among adult Indigenous peoples in Canada, was conducted to identify studies that help close the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) data gap for obesity prevalence in Indigenous populations in Canada and to make comparisons based on ethnicity, se...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

A Data Mining Approach Identified Salivary Biomarkers That Discriminate between Two Obesity Measures.
Conclusion: A data mining approach based on multiple algorithms is useful for identifying factors associated with phenotypes, especially in cases where relationships are not salient, and a consensus from multiple methods can help produce a more generalizable subset of features. In this case, we have demonstrated that evaluation using the waist circumference includes association with high levels of salivary leptin, which is not seen with evaluation by BMI. PMID: 31236292 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 28, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Relationship between Body Mass Index and T-Scores of Bone Mineral Density in the Hip and Spine Regions among Older Adults with Diabetes: A Retrospective Review.
Authors: Hariri AF, Almatrafi MN, Zamka AB, Babaker AS, Fallatah TM, Althouwaibi OH, Hamdi AS Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) cases are increasing worldwide, especially in Saudi Arabia. Previous studies suggested a positive relationship between body mass index (BMI) and bone mineral density (BMD) levels. Generally, patients with low BMI (
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 12, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Regional Variation in Comorbid Prediabetes and Diabetes and Associated Factors among Hypertensive Individuals in Rural Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
Authors: Feng L, Naheed A, de Silva HA, Jehan I, Raqib R, Islam MT, Luke N, Kasturiratne A, Farazdaq H, Senan S, Jafar TH, Cobra-Bps Study Group Abstract We aimed to explore the cross-country variation in the prevalence of comorbid prediabetes or diabetes and determine the sociodemographic, lifestyle, and clinical factors, especially body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference, associated with comorbid diabetes in individuals with hypertension in rural South Asia. We analyzed cross-sectional data of 2426 hypertensive individuals of ≥40 years from 30 randomly selected rural communities in Bangladesh, Pak...
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 12, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Quality of Life in Yoga Experienced and Yoga Na ïve Asian Indian Adults with Obesity.
Quality of Life in Yoga Experienced and Yoga Naïve Asian Indian Adults with Obesity. J Obes. 2019;2019:9895074 Authors: Telles S, Sharma SK, Singh A, Kala N, Upadhyay V, Arya J, Balkrishna A Abstract Background: Obesity adversely affects quality of life which then acts as a barrier to weight loss and weight loss maintenance. Hence, those interventions which positively influence the quality of life along with weight reduction are considered useful for sustained weight loss in persons with obesity. An earlier study showed better quality of life in obese adults who had experience of yoga compared to ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 12, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Effects of Exercise Domain and Intensity on Sleep in Women and Men with Overweight and Obesity.
We examined effects of active commuting and leisure-time exercise on sleep in individuals with overweight or obesity. 130 physically inactive adults (20-45 years) with overweight or class 1 obesity (body mass index: 25-35 kg/m2) were randomized to 6 months of habitual lifestyle (CON, n = 18), active commuting by bike (BIKE, n = 35), or leisure-time exercise of moderate intensity (MOD, 50% VO2peak-reserve, n = 39) or vigorous intensity (VIG, 70% VO2peak-reserve, n = 38), 5 days/week. Sleep was assessed from 7-day/night accelerometry and ques...
Source: Journal of Obesity - May 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Exercise-Induced Irisin, the Fat Browning Myokine, as a Potential Anticancer Agent.
Authors: Maalouf GE, El Khoury D Abstract Irisin is a recently discovered myokine that plays an important role in fat metabolism through the browning of white adipose tissue. This myokine is usually secreted after exercise by improving energy balance and has shown great potential as a possible treatment for some metabolic diseases such as obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation. Obesity has been linked to a higher incidence of some cancers. Furthermore, some studies have shown irisin to have direct positive effects on different types of cancers. Although it is hard to relay conclusions from in vitro to in viv...
Source: Journal of Obesity - May 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Impact of Obesity on Clinicopathologic Characteristics and Disease Prognosis in Pre- and Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Patients: A Retrospective Institutional Study.
Authors: Ayoub NM, Yaghan RJ, Abdo NM, Matalka II, Akhu-Zaheya LM, Al-Mohtaseb AH Abstract Purpose: To investigate the association between obesity and breast cancer clinicopathologic characteristics at presentation along with prognostic impact among Jordanian breast cancer patients. Such data are lacking in Arabian countries. Methods: In this retrospective study, 348 breast cancer patients were included. Analyses were conducted for associations between body mass index (BMI) and age at diagnosis, tumor clinicopathologic characteristics, and molecular subtypes. Eight prognostic factors were considered, and total ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 26, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Diet and Nutrition for Body Weight Management.
Authors: Alfadda AA, Sallam RM, Park J PMID: 30984424 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Sarcopenia and Its Implications for Metabolic Health.
Authors: Hunter GR, Singh H, Carter SJ, Bryan DR, Fisher G Abstract Sarcopenia not only affects the ability to lead an active lifestyle but also contributes to increased obesity, reduced quality of life, osteoporosis, and metabolic health, in part due to reduced locomotion economy and ease. On the other hand, increased obesity, decreased quality of life, and reduced metabolic health also contribute to sarcopenia. The purpose of this mini-review is to discuss the implications sarcopenia has for the development of obesity and comorbidities that occur with aging. PMID: 30956817 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Association of Having a Late Dinner or Bedtime Snack and Skipping Breakfast with Overweight in Japanese Women.
Conclusions: Japanese women who consumed late dinners or bedtime snacks were more likely to skip breakfast. Having a late dinner or bedtime snack was associated with a higher probability of overweight/obesity. PMID: 30944735 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

User Engagement Associated with Web-Intervention Features to Attain Clinically Meaningful Weight Loss and Weight Maintenance in Rural Women.
Conclusions: Being engaged with messages was associated with attaining clinically meaningful short-term and longer-term weight loss. This trial is registered with NCT01307644. PMID: 30944736 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Dilated Blood and Lymphatic Microvessels, Angiogenesis, Increased Macrophages, and Adipocyte Hypertrophy in Lipedema Thigh Skin and Fat Tissue.
Authors: Al-Ghadban S, Cromer W, Allen M, Ussery C, Badowski M, Harris D, Herbst KL Abstract Background and Aim: Lipedema is a common painful SAT disorder characterized by enlargement of fat primarily in the legs of women. Case reports of lipedema tissue samples demonstrate fluid and fibrosis in the interstitial matrix, increased macrophages, and adipocyte hypertrophy. The aims of this project are to investigate blood vasculature, immune cells, and structure of lipedema tissue in a cohort of women. Methods: Forty-nine participants, 19 controls and 30 with lipedema, were divided into groups based on body mass in...
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Development of a Dietary Factor Assessment Tool for Evaluating Associations between Visceral Fat Accumulation and Major Nutrients in Japanese Adults.
Conclusions: The dietary factor assessment tool developed in this study can be used to diagnose problems related to dietary habits and provide guidance for dietary modifications aimed at preventing visceral fat accumulation. PMID: 30906593 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 26, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Dietary and Lifestyle Factors Serve as Predictors of Successful Weight Loss Maintenance Postbariatric Surgery.
Authors: Masood A, Alsheddi L, Alfayadh L, Bukhari B, Elawad R, Alfadda AA Abstract Bariatric surgery is considered to be an effective treatment for the resolution of severe obesity; however, in more than half of the bariatric surgery patients, weight reacquisition occurs as early as 18 months postsurgery, compromising the surgery's beneficial effects. Maintaining weight loss after surgery poses a great challenge, necessitating the identification of predicting factors. In the present study, we explored the association between weight regain and dietary habits and behavioral lifestyle practices in patients fol...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 22, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Marked Disparities in Pre-Pregnancy Obesity and Overweight Prevalence among US Women by Race/Ethnicity, Nativity/Immigrant Status, and Sociodemographic Characteristics, 2012-2014.
This study examines racial/ethnic, nativity, and sociodemographic disparities in the prevalence of pre-pregnancy obesity and overweight in the United States. Logistic regression was fitted to the 2012-2014 national birth cohort data to derive unadjusted and adjusted differentials in pre-pregnancy obesity (BMI ≥30), severe obesity (BMI ≥40), and overweight/obesity (BMI ≥25) prevalence among 10.4 million US women of childbearing age. Substantial racial/ethnic differences existed, with pre-pregnancy obesity rates ranging from 2.6% for Chinese and 3.3% for Vietnamese women to 34.9% for American Indians/Alaska Natives ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

HDL Subclass Distribution Shifts with Increasing Central Adiposity.
Authors: Woudberg NJ, Lecour S, Goedecke JH Abstract Although cross-sectional studies have shown that obesity is associated with lower concentrations of large high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses, it is unknown if changes in HDL subclasses are related to changes in body fat and its distribution over time. We therefore assessed changes in HDL subclass distribution over a 5.5-year free-living follow-up period in 24 black South African women. At baseline and follow-up, body composition and body fat distribution were measured using anthropometry, dual X-ray absorptiometry, and computerized tomography. HDL subclass...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Double-Blind, Randomized, Three-Armed, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Investigation to Evaluate the Benefit and Tolerability of Two Dosages of IQP-AE-103 in Reducing Body Weight in Overweight and Moderately Obese Subjects.
This study was performed to determine the efficacy and tolerability/safety of IQP-AE-103 on body weight reduction in overweight to moderately obese adults. Methods: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial involved one hundred and eight subjects (BMI between 25 and 35 kg/m2) that were randomly assigned to either the low-dose or the high-dose IQP-AE-103 group, or the placebo group. Following a 2-week run-in period, subjects received two capsules of investigational product after three daily main meals for 12 weeks. Subjects were instructed to maintain a nutritionally balanced hypocaloric diet ac...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of Bariatric Surgery for Morbidly Obese with Diabetes Patients in Thailand.
Conclusions: Use of bariatric surgery in morbidly obese with DM type 2 patients is a cost-effective strategy in Thailand's context. PMID: 30863633 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Absolute Weight Loss, and Not Weight Loss Rate, Is Associated with Better Improvements in Metabolic Health.
Authors: Kuk JL, Christensen RAG, Wharton S Abstract Objective: To determine if the rate of weight loss (WL) is associated with metabolic changes independent of the absolute WL. Methods: WL and health changes were assessed in 11,281 patients attending a publicly funded clinical weight management program over a treatment period of 12.7 months. Early weight loss rate (WLR) in the first 3-6 months and overall WLR were categorized as Fast WLR (≥1 kg/wk), Recommended WLR (0.5 to 0.9 kg/wk), or Slow WLR ( 0.05). Conversely, the absolute WL sustained is significantly associated with chan...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Beverage Intake and Its Effect on Body Weight Status among WIC Preschool-Age Children.
Authors: Charvet A, Huffman FG Abstract Given the prevalence and consequences of childhood obesity, efforts are being made to identify risk factors and design evidence-based interventions to reduce its impact. Food and beverage consumption habits are established early in life, making preschool-age children an important group to focus on. This cross-sectional study explored beverage intake and its association with body weight status among low-income preschool-age children enrolled in the Special Supplementation Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Authorized representatives for children between ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Exercise Dose Effects on Body Fat 12 Months after an Exercise Intervention: Follow-up from a Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusion: Prescribing 300 versus 150 minutes/week of exercise to inactive postmenopausal women resulted in some long-term greater decreases in measures of body composition but no overall differences in total body fat loss. This trail is registered with NCT01435005. PMID: 30805213 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Correlates of and Body Composition Measures Associated with Metabolically Healthy Obesity Phenotype in Hispanic/Latino Women and Men: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).
Conclusions: We demonstrated that higher waist circumference and higher lean body mass were independently associated with a lower proportion of the MHO phenotype in Hispanic/Latino women and men. Findings support the need for weight reduction interventions to manage cardiometabolic health among Hispanics/Latinos. PMID: 30775036 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Parents' Perceptions of the Challenges to Helping Their Children Maintain or Achieve a Healthy Weight.
Conclusions: Helping children maintain a healthy weight through diet is a problem for many parents, regardless of their race or ethnicity. Differences by race/ethnicity in parent perceptions of food environment challenges to helping their child maintain or achieve a healthy weight suggest possible areas for future interventions. PMID: 30729042 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Comparison between LigaSure ™ and Harmonic® in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Single-Center Experience on 422 Patients.
Conclusion: Harmonic® and LigaSure™ are both useful tools in bariatric surgery, and these two advanced power devices are user-friendly and can facilitate surgeon work; from this point of view, the choice of the energy device should be based on the preference of the surgeon and on the hospital costs policy and availability. PMID: 30719344 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Maternal Perceptions of Self-Weight and Child Weight May Influence Milk Choice of Participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).
Conclusions: Maternal perception of self-weight and child weight status seems to guide milk choices. Mothers may have some level of recognition of overweight in themselves and their child, thus adopting healthier milk choices. Culturally related perceptions should be considered when designing obesity prevention strategies, and the role of a pediatrician cannot be understated when developing obesity prevention programs for Hispanic families. PMID: 30719345 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Effects of a Meal Replacement on Body Composition and Metabolic Parameters among Subjects with Overweight or Obesity.
Authors: Guo X, Xu Y, He H, Cai H, Zhang J, Li Y, Yan X, Zhang M, Zhang N, Maddela RL, Nicodemus-Johnson J, Ma G Abstract Meal replacement plans are effective tools for weight loss and improvement of various clinical characteristics but not sustainable due to the severe energy restriction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of meal replacement, specifically 388 kcal in total energy, on body composition and metabolic parameters in individuals with overweight and obesity from a Chinese population. A parallel, randomized controlled trial was performed with 174 participants (ChiCTR-OOC-17012000). Th...
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population".
Corrigendum to "Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population". J Obes. 2018;2018:3126805 Authors: Nilsson G, Hedberg P, Leppert J, Ohrvik J Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/3839482.]. PMID: 30662769 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Epidemiology and Economic Burden of Obesity and Related Cardiometabolic Disorders in the United Arab Emirates: A Systematic Review and Qualitative Synthesis.
Conclusions: Obesity and related cardiometabolic disorders are highly prevalent in the UAE, but quoting a precise prevalence for them is difficult given the methodological heterogeneity of the epidemiological studies addressing them. Nonetheless, we detected a 2-3-fold increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the UAE between 1989 and 2017. It is hopeful that this systematic review will provide an insight into direct future studies, especially longitudinal studies exploring obesity and cardiometabolic risks and their costs. PMID: 30652030 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Single Nucleotide Polymorphism PPARG2 Pro12Ala Affects Body Mass Index, Fat Mass, and Blood Pressure in Severely Obese Patients.
Conclusions: Severely obese individuals carrying the Ala allele of the PPARG2 Pro12Ala polymorphism had higher measures of adiposity and blood pressure, while no important associations were found for the IL6 -174G>C polymorphism. PMID: 30652031 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research