Effects of Exercise Domain and Intensity on Sleep in Women and Men with Overweight and Obesity.
We examined effects of active commuting and leisure-time exercise on sleep in individuals with overweight or obesity. 130 physically inactive adults (20-45 years) with overweight or class 1 obesity (body mass index: 25-35 kg/m2) were randomized to 6 months of habitual lifestyle (CON, n = 18), active commuting by bike (BIKE, n = 35), or leisure-time exercise of moderate intensity (MOD, 50% VO2peak-reserve, n = 39) or vigorous intensity (VIG, 70% VO2peak-reserve, n = 38), 5 days/week. Sleep was assessed from 7-day/night accelerometry and ques...
Source: Journal of Obesity - May 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Exercise-Induced Irisin, the Fat Browning Myokine, as a Potential Anticancer Agent.
Authors: Maalouf GE, El Khoury D Abstract Irisin is a recently discovered myokine that plays an important role in fat metabolism through the browning of white adipose tissue. This myokine is usually secreted after exercise by improving energy balance and has shown great potential as a possible treatment for some metabolic diseases such as obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation. Obesity has been linked to a higher incidence of some cancers. Furthermore, some studies have shown irisin to have direct positive effects on different types of cancers. Although it is hard to relay conclusions from in vitro to in viv...
Source: Journal of Obesity - May 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Impact of Obesity on Clinicopathologic Characteristics and Disease Prognosis in Pre- and Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Patients: A Retrospective Institutional Study.
Authors: Ayoub NM, Yaghan RJ, Abdo NM, Matalka II, Akhu-Zaheya LM, Al-Mohtaseb AH Abstract Purpose: To investigate the association between obesity and breast cancer clinicopathologic characteristics at presentation along with prognostic impact among Jordanian breast cancer patients. Such data are lacking in Arabian countries. Methods: In this retrospective study, 348 breast cancer patients were included. Analyses were conducted for associations between body mass index (BMI) and age at diagnosis, tumor clinicopathologic characteristics, and molecular subtypes. Eight prognostic factors were considered, and total ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 26, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Diet and Nutrition for Body Weight Management.
Authors: Alfadda AA, Sallam RM, Park J PMID: 30984424 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 16, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Sarcopenia and Its Implications for Metabolic Health.
Authors: Hunter GR, Singh H, Carter SJ, Bryan DR, Fisher G Abstract Sarcopenia not only affects the ability to lead an active lifestyle but also contributes to increased obesity, reduced quality of life, osteoporosis, and metabolic health, in part due to reduced locomotion economy and ease. On the other hand, increased obesity, decreased quality of life, and reduced metabolic health also contribute to sarcopenia. The purpose of this mini-review is to discuss the implications sarcopenia has for the development of obesity and comorbidities that occur with aging. PMID: 30956817 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Association of Having a Late Dinner or Bedtime Snack and Skipping Breakfast with Overweight in Japanese Women.
Conclusions: Japanese women who consumed late dinners or bedtime snacks were more likely to skip breakfast. Having a late dinner or bedtime snack was associated with a higher probability of overweight/obesity. PMID: 30944735 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

User Engagement Associated with Web-Intervention Features to Attain Clinically Meaningful Weight Loss and Weight Maintenance in Rural Women.
Conclusions: Being engaged with messages was associated with attaining clinically meaningful short-term and longer-term weight loss. This trial is registered with NCT01307644. PMID: 30944736 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Dilated Blood and Lymphatic Microvessels, Angiogenesis, Increased Macrophages, and Adipocyte Hypertrophy in Lipedema Thigh Skin and Fat Tissue.
Authors: Al-Ghadban S, Cromer W, Allen M, Ussery C, Badowski M, Harris D, Herbst KL Abstract Background and Aim: Lipedema is a common painful SAT disorder characterized by enlargement of fat primarily in the legs of women. Case reports of lipedema tissue samples demonstrate fluid and fibrosis in the interstitial matrix, increased macrophages, and adipocyte hypertrophy. The aims of this project are to investigate blood vasculature, immune cells, and structure of lipedema tissue in a cohort of women. Methods: Forty-nine participants, 19 controls and 30 with lipedema, were divided into groups based on body mass in...
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 6, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Development of a Dietary Factor Assessment Tool for Evaluating Associations between Visceral Fat Accumulation and Major Nutrients in Japanese Adults.
Conclusions: The dietary factor assessment tool developed in this study can be used to diagnose problems related to dietary habits and provide guidance for dietary modifications aimed at preventing visceral fat accumulation. PMID: 30906593 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 26, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Dietary and Lifestyle Factors Serve as Predictors of Successful Weight Loss Maintenance Postbariatric Surgery.
Authors: Masood A, Alsheddi L, Alfayadh L, Bukhari B, Elawad R, Alfadda AA Abstract Bariatric surgery is considered to be an effective treatment for the resolution of severe obesity; however, in more than half of the bariatric surgery patients, weight reacquisition occurs as early as 18 months postsurgery, compromising the surgery's beneficial effects. Maintaining weight loss after surgery poses a great challenge, necessitating the identification of predicting factors. In the present study, we explored the association between weight regain and dietary habits and behavioral lifestyle practices in patients fol...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 22, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Marked Disparities in Pre-Pregnancy Obesity and Overweight Prevalence among US Women by Race/Ethnicity, Nativity/Immigrant Status, and Sociodemographic Characteristics, 2012-2014.
This study examines racial/ethnic, nativity, and sociodemographic disparities in the prevalence of pre-pregnancy obesity and overweight in the United States. Logistic regression was fitted to the 2012-2014 national birth cohort data to derive unadjusted and adjusted differentials in pre-pregnancy obesity (BMI ≥30), severe obesity (BMI ≥40), and overweight/obesity (BMI ≥25) prevalence among 10.4 million US women of childbearing age. Substantial racial/ethnic differences existed, with pre-pregnancy obesity rates ranging from 2.6% for Chinese and 3.3% for Vietnamese women to 34.9% for American Indians/Alaska Natives ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

HDL Subclass Distribution Shifts with Increasing Central Adiposity.
Authors: Woudberg NJ, Lecour S, Goedecke JH Abstract Although cross-sectional studies have shown that obesity is associated with lower concentrations of large high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses, it is unknown if changes in HDL subclasses are related to changes in body fat and its distribution over time. We therefore assessed changes in HDL subclass distribution over a 5.5-year free-living follow-up period in 24 black South African women. At baseline and follow-up, body composition and body fat distribution were measured using anthropometry, dual X-ray absorptiometry, and computerized tomography. HDL subclass...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Double-Blind, Randomized, Three-Armed, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Investigation to Evaluate the Benefit and Tolerability of Two Dosages of IQP-AE-103 in Reducing Body Weight in Overweight and Moderately Obese Subjects.
This study was performed to determine the efficacy and tolerability/safety of IQP-AE-103 on body weight reduction in overweight to moderately obese adults. Methods: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial involved one hundred and eight subjects (BMI between 25 and 35 kg/m2) that were randomly assigned to either the low-dose or the high-dose IQP-AE-103 group, or the placebo group. Following a 2-week run-in period, subjects received two capsules of investigational product after three daily main meals for 12 weeks. Subjects were instructed to maintain a nutritionally balanced hypocaloric diet ac...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness Evaluation of Bariatric Surgery for Morbidly Obese with Diabetes Patients in Thailand.
Conclusions: Use of bariatric surgery in morbidly obese with DM type 2 patients is a cost-effective strategy in Thailand's context. PMID: 30863633 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 15, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Absolute Weight Loss, and Not Weight Loss Rate, Is Associated with Better Improvements in Metabolic Health.
Authors: Kuk JL, Christensen RAG, Wharton S Abstract Objective: To determine if the rate of weight loss (WL) is associated with metabolic changes independent of the absolute WL. Methods: WL and health changes were assessed in 11,281 patients attending a publicly funded clinical weight management program over a treatment period of 12.7 months. Early weight loss rate (WLR) in the first 3-6 months and overall WLR were categorized as Fast WLR (≥1 kg/wk), Recommended WLR (0.5 to 0.9 kg/wk), or Slow WLR ( 0.05). Conversely, the absolute WL sustained is significantly associated with chan...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Beverage Intake and Its Effect on Body Weight Status among WIC Preschool-Age Children.
Authors: Charvet A, Huffman FG Abstract Given the prevalence and consequences of childhood obesity, efforts are being made to identify risk factors and design evidence-based interventions to reduce its impact. Food and beverage consumption habits are established early in life, making preschool-age children an important group to focus on. This cross-sectional study explored beverage intake and its association with body weight status among low-income preschool-age children enrolled in the Special Supplementation Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). Authorized representatives for children between ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Exercise Dose Effects on Body Fat 12 Months after an Exercise Intervention: Follow-up from a Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusion: Prescribing 300 versus 150 minutes/week of exercise to inactive postmenopausal women resulted in some long-term greater decreases in measures of body composition but no overall differences in total body fat loss. This trail is registered with NCT01435005. PMID: 30805213 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 27, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Correlates of and Body Composition Measures Associated with Metabolically Healthy Obesity Phenotype in Hispanic/Latino Women and Men: The Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL).
Conclusions: We demonstrated that higher waist circumference and higher lean body mass were independently associated with a lower proportion of the MHO phenotype in Hispanic/Latino women and men. Findings support the need for weight reduction interventions to manage cardiometabolic health among Hispanics/Latinos. PMID: 30775036 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 20, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Parents' Perceptions of the Challenges to Helping Their Children Maintain or Achieve a Healthy Weight.
Conclusions: Helping children maintain a healthy weight through diet is a problem for many parents, regardless of their race or ethnicity. Differences by race/ethnicity in parent perceptions of food environment challenges to helping their child maintain or achieve a healthy weight suggest possible areas for future interventions. PMID: 30729042 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 9, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Comparison between LigaSure ™ and Harmonic® in Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: A Single-Center Experience on 422 Patients.
Conclusion: Harmonic® and LigaSure™ are both useful tools in bariatric surgery, and these two advanced power devices are user-friendly and can facilitate surgeon work; from this point of view, the choice of the energy device should be based on the preference of the surgeon and on the hospital costs policy and availability. PMID: 30719344 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Maternal Perceptions of Self-Weight and Child Weight May Influence Milk Choice of Participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC).
Conclusions: Maternal perception of self-weight and child weight status seems to guide milk choices. Mothers may have some level of recognition of overweight in themselves and their child, thus adopting healthier milk choices. Culturally related perceptions should be considered when designing obesity prevention strategies, and the role of a pediatrician cannot be understated when developing obesity prevention programs for Hispanic families. PMID: 30719345 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Effects of a Meal Replacement on Body Composition and Metabolic Parameters among Subjects with Overweight or Obesity.
Authors: Guo X, Xu Y, He H, Cai H, Zhang J, Li Y, Yan X, Zhang M, Zhang N, Maddela RL, Nicodemus-Johnson J, Ma G Abstract Meal replacement plans are effective tools for weight loss and improvement of various clinical characteristics but not sustainable due to the severe energy restriction. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of meal replacement, specifically 388 kcal in total energy, on body composition and metabolic parameters in individuals with overweight and obesity from a Chinese population. A parallel, randomized controlled trial was performed with 174 participants (ChiCTR-OOC-17012000). Th...
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population".
Corrigendum to "Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population". J Obes. 2018;2018:3126805 Authors: Nilsson G, Hedberg P, Leppert J, Ohrvik J Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/3839482.]. PMID: 30662769 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 23, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Epidemiology and Economic Burden of Obesity and Related Cardiometabolic Disorders in the United Arab Emirates: A Systematic Review and Qualitative Synthesis.
Conclusions: Obesity and related cardiometabolic disorders are highly prevalent in the UAE, but quoting a precise prevalence for them is difficult given the methodological heterogeneity of the epidemiological studies addressing them. Nonetheless, we detected a 2-3-fold increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the UAE between 1989 and 2017. It is hopeful that this systematic review will provide an insight into direct future studies, especially longitudinal studies exploring obesity and cardiometabolic risks and their costs. PMID: 30652030 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Single Nucleotide Polymorphism PPARG2 Pro12Ala Affects Body Mass Index, Fat Mass, and Blood Pressure in Severely Obese Patients.
Conclusions: Severely obese individuals carrying the Ala allele of the PPARG2 Pro12Ala polymorphism had higher measures of adiposity and blood pressure, while no important associations were found for the IL6 -174G>C polymorphism. PMID: 30652031 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 18, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Evaluation of Worksite Wellness Nutrition and Physical Activity Programs and Their Subsequent Impact on Participants' Body Composition.
Conclusion: Evidence supports that future worksite wellness programs that are designed using a motivational theory and content that is created relevant to participants' needs and that has frequent interactions with participants may result in a change in body composition. PMID: 30631593 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Counting Footsteps with a Pedometer to Improve HMW Adiponectin and Metabolic Syndrome among Young Female Adults in the United Arab Emirates.
This study examined how counting footsteps, using a pedometer, might affect HMW-Adip and MetS components among young females. Methods: Fifty-two females (21.43 ± 4.8 years) were divided into "normal" (BMI = 18-24.9 kg/m2) and "high" (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2) BMI groups. Participants wore pedometers throughout the day for nine weeks. Pre-post intervention tests performed on anthropometric, biochemical, and nutrient intake variables were tested at p ≤ 0.05. Results: Participants walked 7056 ± 1570 footsteps/day without a significant difference between normal (7488.49 &plus...
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

A Strong Graded Relationship between Level of Obesity and COPD: Findings from a National Population-Based Study of Lifelong Nonsmokers.
The objective of this study was to investigate the association between COPD and levels of obesity in a nationally representative sample of non-Hispanic white never-smokers. Data were drawn from the 2012 Center for Disease Control's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Pearson's chi-square tests and logistic regression analyses were conducted in a large nationally representative sample of non-Hispanic white respondents aged 50 and over (76,004 women; 37,618 men) who reported that they had never smoked. A dose-response relationship was observed for both men and women: the prevalence of COPD increased from 2.5%...
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 26, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Basic Anthropometric Measures in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients and Individually Sex- and Age-Matched Controls from the General Population.
Authors: Nilsson G, Hedberg P, Leppert J, Ohrvik J Abstract We compared weight, height, waist and hip circumferences (hip), body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-hip ratio in acute myocardial infarction (MI) patients and individually sex- and age-matched control subjects from the general population in the catchment area of the patients and predicted the risk of MI status by these basic anthropometric measures. The study cohort comprised 748 patients ≤80 years of age with acute MI from a major Swedish cardiac center and their individually sex- and age-matched controls. The analyses were stratified for sex and age (...
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 14, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Weight Loss Induced by Bariatric Surgery Restricts Hepatic GDF15 Expression.
Conclusion: Based on recent mechanistic findings, our data suggest that hepatic GDF15 may serve as a negative feedback mechanism to control energy balance in NAFLD. PMID: 30533221 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 14, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Body Mass Index at Pediatric Leukemia Diagnosis and the Risks of Relapse and Mortality: Findings from a Single Institution and Meta-analysis.
Authors: Saenz AM, Stapleton S, Hernandez RG, Hale GA, Goldenberg NA, Schwartz S, Amankwah EK Abstract High body mass index (BMI) is associated with relapse of certain adult cancers, but limited knowledge exists on its association with pediatric leukemia relapse. We evaluated the association between overweight/obesity (BMI ≥ 85th percentile) at pediatric leukemia diagnosis and relapse or mortality. A meta-analysis combining our findings with those of previous studies was also performed. The study included 181 pediatric leukemia patients. Sporadic missing data were multiply imputed, and hazard ratios (HR) and 95%...
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 6, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Anthropometric Indicators of Adiposity Related to Body Weight and Body Shape as Cardiometabolic Risk Predictors in British Young Adults: Superiority of Waist-to-Height Ratio.
Authors: Amirabdollahian F, Haghighatdoost F Abstract Frequently reported poor dietary habits of young adults increase their risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Excess adiposity is the most established predictor of MetS, and numerous anthropometric measures have been proposed as proxy indicators of adiposity. We aimed to assess prevalence of MetS in young adult population and to make comparison between weight- and shape-oriented measures of adiposity to identify the best index in association with measured body fat and as a risk predictor for MetS. Healthy males and females aged 18-25 years from the Northwest of Engl...
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 6, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

School-Based Interventions and Programs to Address Weight Issues.
Authors: Heo M, Pietrobelli A, Wylie-Rosett J, Faith MS PMID: 30510797 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 5, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Smallanthus sonchifolius (Yacon) Flour Improves Visceral Adiposity and Metabolic Parameters in High-Fat-Diet-Fed Rats.
This study aimed to investigate the antiobesity properties of yacon roots in a high-fat-diet (HFD) model and the underlying mechanisms. A total of 30 Wistar male rats were divided into five groups (n=6): the standard chow diet (SD) group was fed a SD; the HFD group was fed a HFD; and the HFD Y340 and HFD Y680 groups were fed a HFD plus yacon flour (340 and 680 mg FOS/kg b. w./day, respectively). HFD Y340 and HFD Y680 rats exhibited marked attenuation of weight gain, a decrease in visceral fat pad weight, a restoration of the serum lipid profile and atherogenic index in a dose-dependent manner, being the higher dose more effective (p
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 5, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Impact of Sleeve Gastrectomy on Psychiatric Medication Use and Symptoms.
Conclusion: Anxiety symptoms improved in>50% of subjects at predominantly the same or reduced dosage. Depression symptoms improved in 67% and commonly without therapy change. These data suggest evidence that patients undergoing SG while on medication for anxiety or depression may have early symptom improvement on the same or lessened dosage. PMID: 30410796 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 11, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Laparoscopic Gastric Plication versus Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: An Up-to-Date Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Perivoliotis K, Sioka E, Katsogridaki G, Zacharoulis D Abstract Introduction: A meta-analysis was conducted in order to provide an up-to-date comparison of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) for morbid obesity. Materials and Methods: The PRISMA guidelines and the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions were used for the conduction of this study. A systematic literature search was performed in the electronic databases (MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and Web of Science and Scopus). The fixed effects or random effects model was used according to the Cochran...
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 9, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

School Engagement in Relation to Body Mass Index and School Achievement in a High-School Age Sample.
Conclusions: These novel findings shed light on why heavier students often experience lower academic achievement. Intervention studies targeting barriers to classroom engagement among overweight and obese youth are needed so that their academic potential is not compromised. PMID: 30402282 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 9, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Using Adipose Measures from Health Care Provider-Based Imaging Data for Discovery.
This study supports the utility of pursuing future clinical and genetic discoveries with existing imaging data-derived adipose tissue measures deployed at a larger scale. PMID: 30363675 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Effects of Immediate or Delayed Estradiol on Behavior in Old Menopausal Macaques on Obesogenic Diet.
This study approached several questions: (1) does a western-style diet (WSD) contribute to sedentary behavior or is sedentary behavior a consequence of obesity and (2) does estradiol (E) hormone therapy offset WSD or ameliorate sedentary behavior? We further questioned whether the timing of E administration (immediately following hysterectomy, ImE; or after a 2-year delay, DE) would impact behavior. Focal observations were taken on the animals in social housing over a period of 2.5 years before and after initiation of the WSD and hysterectomy. In addition, anxiety was assessed through the Human Intruder and Novel Object Te...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Gestational Weight Gain Intervention Impacts Determinants of Healthy Eating and Exercise in Overweight/Obese Pregnant Women.
Conclusion. Brief exposure to a theoretically-driven, GWG intervention resulted in changes to exercise and healthy eating TPB and self-regulation motivational determinants, no significant increase in GWG, and suggests intervention intensity can strengthen perceived ability to engage in exercise/healthy eating behaviors; offering initial proof-of-concept for the intervention to regulate GWG in overweight/obese pregnant women. Future research will test this intervention over the course of pregnancy to understand long-term impact on maternal-fetal health outcomes. PMID: 30364005 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Association between Antihypertensive Medication Use and Blood Pressure Is Influenced by Obesity.
We examined whether BP attained when using various antihypertensive medications varies amongst different body mass index (BMI) categories and whether antihypertensive medication use is associated with differences in other metabolic risk factors, independent of BMI. Methods: Adults with hypertension from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999 to 2014 were used (n=15,285). Linear regression analyses were used to examine the main effects and interaction between antihypertensive use and BMI. Results: In general, users of antihypertensive medications had lower BP than those not taking BP...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Obesity Is Associated with Early Onset of Gastrointestinal Cancers in California.
Conclusions: The diagnosis of obesity, especially morbid obesity, was associated with a significantly earlier gastrointestinal cancer onset in California. Further research with prospective cohort data may be required to establish the causal relationship between obesity and cancer onset age. PMID: 30327727 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 19, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Relationship between Peer Pressure and Risk of Eating Disorders among Adolescents in Jordan.
Conclusions: The current findings suggest that healthcare professionals are encouraged to conduct appropriate school-based primary prevention for disordered eating behaviors. PMID: 30327728 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 19, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Resectional One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass/Mini Gastric Bypass as a Novel Option for Revision of Restrictive Procedures: Preliminary Results.
Conclusion: R-OAGB/MGB was technically straightforward, effective, and safe in this at-surgical risk population. R-OAGB/MGB should be added to the armamentarium of revisional bariatric procedures considering its technical aspects and the potential advantage on weight loss. PMID: 30319821 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 16, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Adiposity Is a Key Correlate of Circulating Fibroblast Growth Factor-21 Levels in African Males with or without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
Conclusion: Levels of circulating FGF-21 in overweight and obese African males are higher in T2DM and strongly correlate with measures of adiposity. PMID: 30298107 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 10, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Arm Circumference-to-Height Ratio as a Situational Alternative to BMI Percentile in Assessing Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk in Adolescents.
Conclusions: Without needing adjustment for age and weight, AHtR can predict some cardiometabolic risk factors of adolescents, especially of males, more accurately than BMI percentile, thus facilitating population risk estimation and early interventions. Further research is required to validate these findings in younger children. PMID: 30258656 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - September 29, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Prevalence and Predictors of Overweight and Obesity among Somalis in Norway and Somaliland: A Comparative Study.
Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is high among Somali immigrants in Norway, but also among women in Somaliland. The high prevalence of overweight and obesity, particularly among women, calls for long-term prevention strategies. PMID: 30250753 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - September 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Overweight and Obesity in Schoolchildren: Hierarchical Analysis of Associated Demographic, Behavioral, and Biological Factors.
Authors: Reuter CP, de Mello ED, da Silva PT, Borges TS, Klinger EI, Franke SIR, Valim ARM Abstract Studies focused on the mechanisms involved in the development of obesity in children and adolescents have reported associations between this condition and birth weight, sedentary lifestyle, and hereditary conditions. However, few studies have simultaneously evaluated these factors. This cross-sectional study aims to identify demographic, behavioral, and biological factors associated with overweight/obesity in children and adolescents. 381 schoolchildren aged seven to 17 years were included in the study to evaluate th...
Source: Journal of Obesity - September 28, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Prospective Associations of the Short Form Health Survey Vitality Scale and Changes in Body Mass Index and Obesity Status.
The objectives of the current study were to prospectively investigate the predictive value of the vitality scale of the Short Form Health Survey for changes in body mass index and development of obesity. Methods: The study population comprised 2864 (81.5%) men and 648 (18.5%) women from the Metropolit Project and the Danish Longitudinal Study on Work, Unemployment and Health, who participated in a follow-up examination in 2009-2011 corresponding to a follow-up period of 3-7 years. Associations of vitality with body mass index and obesity were investigated separately for men and women in linear and logistic regression m...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 30, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Sequence Analysis of the UCP1 Gene in a Severe Obese Population from Southern Italy".
Corrigendum to "Sequence Analysis of the UCP1 Gene in a Severe Obese Population from Southern Italy". J Obes. 2018;2018:3260210 Authors: Labruna G, Pasanisi F, Fortunato G, Nardelli C, Finelli C, Farinaro E, Contaldo F, Sacchetti L Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2011/269043.]. PMID: 30123581 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 22, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research