Reproducibility of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis in Pregnancy and the Association of Body Composition with the Risk of Gestational Diabetes: A Substudy of MUMS Cohort.
This study aimed to evaluate the reproducibility of three BIA instruments in pregnancy and analyse the relationship between the body composition and the GDM risk. Methods: A prospective cohort (n = 117) of women with singleton pregnancies participating in the Microbiome Understanding in Maternity Study (MUMS) at St. George Hospital, Sydney, Australia. Anthropometric measurements and BIA body composition were measured at ≤13 weeks (T1), 20-24 weeks (T2), and 32-36 weeks (T3) of gestation. Body fat percentage (BFP), total body water (TBW), and impedance were estimated by three BIA instruments: Bodystat 1...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 9, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Association of General and Central Obesity with Dietary Patterns and Socioeconomic Status in Adult Women in Botswana.
Authors: Motswagole B, Jackson J, Kobue-Lekalake R, Maruapula S, Mongwaketse T, Kwape L, Thomas T, Swaminathan S, Kurpad AV, Jackson M Abstract Dietary patterns and their association with general and central obesity among adult women were studied using a cross-sectional survey with multistage cluster sampling in urban and rural areas nationwide in Botswana. The participants in the study were adult women (N = 1019), 18-75 years old. The dietary patterns were identified using principal component analysis, and their associations with the body mass index and the weight-for-height ratio were examined. Fact...
Source: Journal of Obesity - September 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Lipid-Induced Mechanisms of Metabolic Syndrome.
Authors: Denisenko YK, Kytikova OY, Novgorodtseva TP, Antonyuk MV, Gvozdenko TA, Kantur TA Abstract Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has a worldwide tendency to increase and depends on many components, which explains the complexity of diagnosis, approaches to the prevention, and treatment of this pathology. Insulin resistance (IR) is the crucial cause of the MetS pathogenesis, which develops against the background of abdominal obesity. In light of recent evidence, it has been shown that lipids, especially fatty acids (FAs), are important signaling molecules that regulate the signaling pathways of insulin and inflammatory ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - September 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Erratum to "Maximum Phonation Time in People with Obesity Not Submitted or Submitted to Bariatric Surgery".
Erratum to "Maximum Phonation Time in People with Obesity Not Submitted or Submitted to Bariatric Surgery". J Obes. 2020;2020:5616713 Authors: Fonseca ALF, Salgado W, Dantas RO Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2019/5903621.]. PMID: 32953171 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - September 22, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Overweight and Obesity Coexist with Thinness among Lao's Urban Area Adolescents.
Conclusions: Laotian adolescents are facing the spectrum of malnutrition in urban areas. To improve adolescents' nutritional status, there is a need for a collaborative approach of public health agencies that would address the issues of an effective food and nutrition policy. The school curricula should also include programs on nutrition and physical education. PMID: 32864170 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - September 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Does the Frequency of Watching Television Matters on Overweight and Obesity among Reproductive Age Women in Ethiopia?
Conclusions: The results from this study demonstrated that watching television at least once a week is associated with obesity among reproductive age women in Ethiopia. Therefore, a social behavioral change communication campaign needs to be taken to improve awareness regarding the harmful consequences of watching television for long hours. Further research studies should be conducted among men and adolescents to determine whether this positive association exists among that target population as well. PMID: 32850148 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 29, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Burden of Overweight and Obesity among Long-Distance Truckers in Ethiopia.
Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was substantially high. The study also found that sociodemographic and occupational factors are mainly associated with overweight and obesity. Therefore, a health education program should be designed for awareness creation on the importance of reducing a sedentary lifestyle, consuming healthy foods or drinks, and having regular physical exercise to mitigate the problem. PMID: 32802498 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

A Propensity Score Cohort Study on the Long-Term Safety and Efficacy of Sleeve Gastrectomy in Patients Older Than Age 60.
Authors: Molero J, Olbeyra R, Vidal J, Torres F, Cañizares S, Andreu A, Ibarzabal A, Jiménez A, de Hollanda A, Moizé V, Flores L Abstract Background: Bariatric surgery (BS) in older obese subjects (>60 years of age) has risen in the past decade and will continue to rise in the coming years due to ageing of the population. Aim: To evaluate the short- (12 months) and long-term (60 months) results of laparoscopic sleeve gastroscopy (LSG) in patients older than age 60. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of patients prospectively included in a database from January 2007 to Decem...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Development and Cross-Validation of Anthropometric Predictive Equations to Estimate Total Body Fat Percentage in Adult Women in Sri Lanka.
This study was designed to develop and cross-validate anthropometric predictive equations to estimate the total body fat percentage (TBFP) of Sri Lankan adult women. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Galle, Sri Lanka, with two groups: Group A (group for equation development) and Group B (cross-validation group) (n = 175 each) of randomly selected healthy adult women aged 30-60 years. TBFP (%) was quantified with total body DXA (TBFPDXA). Height (m), weight (kg), and skinfold thickness (SFT, mm) at six sites and circumferences (cm) at five sites were measured. In the first step, four anthropometric equa...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 2, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Hyperglycaemia in Pregnancy and Anthropometric Parameters in the Offspring at 10 Years: A Community-Based Retrospective Cohort Study in Sri Lanka.
Authors: Herath HP, Herath RP, Wickremasinghe R Abstract Background: Studies of developmental origins of health and disease have highlighted the possible role of intrauterine hyperglycaemia, increasing the future risk of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases in the offspring. There is limited evidence from South Asian populations for risk estimates for childhood obesity that are attributable to maternal diabetes in utero. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association between hyperglycaemia in pregnancy (HIP) and anthropometric parameters in the offspring at 10-11 years of age. M...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 17, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Explaining the Inverse Association between Altitude and Obesity.
Authors: Merrill RM Abstract Purpose: To better understand the inverse association between altitude and adult obesity. Methods: An ecological study design was used, involving 3,108 counties in the contiguous United States. Data were from several national sources, and assessment involved various statistical techniques, including multiple regression analysis. Results: Living in counties at higher altitude is associated with lower adult obesity. Compared with counties
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 24, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Epidemiology, Predisposing Factors, Biomarkers, and Prevention Mechanism of Obesity: A Systematic Review.
Authors: Endalifer ML, Diress G Abstract Background. Globally, obesity is becoming a public health problem in the general population. Various determinants were reported by different scholars even though there are inconsistencies. Different biomarkers of obesity were identified for the prediction of obesity. Even though researchers speculate the factors, biomarkers, consequences, and prevention mechanisms, there is a lack of aggregate and purified data in the area of obesity. Summary. In this review, the epidemiology, predisposing factors, biomarkers, consequences, and prevention approaches of obesity were reviewed....
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 24, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Predictors of One-Year Change in How Youth Perceive Their Weight.
Authors: Patte KA, Qian W, Leatherdale ST Abstract Overall, perceptions of being at "about the right weight" appear advantageous for youth physical and mental health, regardless of BMI classification, whereas perceptions at either extreme (overweight or underweight) may negatively impact health behaviours and mental health. Instead of considering weight misperceptions as problematic, some researchers have proposed that underestimations of weight status may offer resiliency among individuals with overweight or obesity. Promoting "about right" WPs and preventing change to overweight or underweight...
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 24, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Banded Sleeve Gastrectomy Improves Weight Loss Compared to Nonbanded Sleeve: Midterm Results from a Prospective Randomized Study.
Conclusions: LBSG is a safe procedure, with no impact on postoperative complications. The banded sleeve showed a significant greater weight loss in the midterm follow-up. Considering the issue of weight regain observed after LSG, the placement of a perigastric ring during the first procedure may be a strategy to improve the results. This trial is registered with NCT04228185. PMID: 32566276 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 24, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Weight Change and Its Association with Cardiometabolic Risk Markers in Overweight and Obese Women.
Authors: Ahmad Zamri L, Appannah G, Zahari Sham SY, Mansor F, Ambak R, Mohd Nor NS, Aris T Abstract Objectives: To examine the association of weight loss magnitude with changes in cardiometabolic risk markers in overweight and obese women from low socioeconomic areas engaged in a lifestyle intervention. Methods: Analyses were performed on 243 women (mean body mass index 31.27 ± 4.14 kg/m2) who completed a 12-month lifestyle intervention in low socioeconomic communities in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to compare changes of cardiometabolic risk facto...
Source: Journal of Obesity - May 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Metabolomic Links between Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake and Obesity.
Conclusions: We identified two key metabolic pathways that link SSB intake to obesity, revealing the potential of phosphatidylcholine and lysophospholipid to modulate how SSB intake can increase obesity risk. The interaction between genetic variants related to these pathways and SSB intake on obesity further supports the mechanism. PMID: 32399287 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - May 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Risk Factors Associated with Cardiac Autonomic Modulation in Obese Individuals.
Conclusion. Among the cardiovascular risk variables studied, insulin resistance and central adiposity showed the greatest influence on cardiac autonomic modulation of obese, increasing the risk for cardiovascular disease. PMID: 32318288 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 24, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Effect of JumpstartMD, a Commercial Low-Calorie Low-Carbohydrate Physician-Supervised Weight Loss Program, on 22,407 Adults.
Conclusion: A one-on-one medically supervised program that emphasized real low-carbohydrate foods produced effective weight loss, particularly in those attending ≥75% of their weekly appointments. PMID: 32318289 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 24, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Could Obesity be a Triggering Factor for Endometrial Tubal Metaplasia to be a Precancerous Lesion?
Conclusions: The presence of ETM regardless of the histologic atypia in obese postmenopausal patients with high serum estradiol level is an alarming sign. This implies that ETM might not be as benign as generally accepted, as under certain clinical conditions, it may turn into a potential premalignant lesion. PMID: 32300484 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

A Digital Health Weight Loss Program in 250,000 Individuals.
Authors: Senecal C, Widmer RJ, Larrabee BR, de Andrade M, Lerman LO, Lerman A, Lopez-Jimenez F Abstract Objective: To evaluate whether individuals following a weight loss program based on a mobile application, wireless scale, and nutritional program but no face-to-face care can achieve clinically significant weight loss in a large cohort. Design: Retrospective observational analysis. Setting. China from October 2016 to December 2017. Participants. Mobile application users with a minimum of 2 weights (baseline and ≥35 days). Intervention. A commercial (Weijian Technologies) weight loss program consisting of a...
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 18, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Body Weight, Obesity Perception, and Actions to Achieve Desired Weight among Rural and Urban Ghanaian Adults.
Conclusion: Results from this study show an improvement in obesity perception and the acknowledgment of obesity as a threat to health. There was a desire for a normal-weight figure among study participants. Attribution of current body weight to hereditary and childbirth seems to be a hindrance to the implementation of actions to achieve this normal figure weight. Public health education, screening for overweight and obesity, creation of supportive food environments, and culture-sensitive interventions are promising to curbing the obesity menace. PMID: 32257427 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 8, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Early Results of the Laparoscopic Mini-Gastric Bypass/One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass on Patients with Different Body Mass Index.
Conclusion: Based on this study, 180-cm intestinal bypassed length works for patients with a BMI level of 40-45 and 45-50 kg/m2, according to their significant decrease in weight, BMI, and improving glycolipid profile. PMID: 32257428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - April 8, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Effects of Obesity on Outcome in Preclinical Animal Models of Infection and Sepsis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Xu W, Pepper D, Sun J, Welsh J, Cui X, Eichacker PQ Abstract Background: Clinical studies suggest obesity paradoxically increases survival during bacterial infection and sepsis but decreases it with influenza, but these studies are observational. By contrast, animal studies of obesity in infection can prospectively compare obese versus nonobese controls. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of animal investigations to further examine obesity's survival effect in infection and sepsis. Methods: Databases were searched for studies comparing survival in obese versus nonobese controls. We perf...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

One Size Does Not Fit All: Sociodemographic Factors Affecting Weight Loss in Adolescents.
Authors: Cummins CB, Bowen-Jallow K, Tasnim S, Prochaska J, Jupiter D, Wright A, Hughes BD, Nunez-Lopez O, Lyons E, Glaser A, Radhakrishnan RS, Thompson D, Suman OE Abstract Successful lifestyle changes for weight reduction are heavily dependent on recognizing the importance of societal and cultural factors. Patients 13-19 years of age with a BMI ≥95th percentile are eligible for our multidisciplinary adolescent weight loss clinic. A behavioral questionnaire was administered at the initial visit. Patients were seen every 4-6 weeks. Bivariate analysis was used to identify sociodemographic factors associated with ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 19, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Double Burden of Malnutrition: Examining the Growth Profile and Coexistence of Undernutrition, Overweight, and Obesity among School-Aged Children and Adolescents in Urban and Rural Counties in Henan Province, China.
Conclusions: A substantial dual burden of malnutrition among children and adolescents in Henan Province was revealed. The urban-rural differences in nutritional status were found. Stunting was more prevalent in rural areas than in urban. In contrast, while the rising problem of childhood and adolescent obesity still exists in the big city, we also found a great spike in obesity in small-medium cities. Evidence also indicated that boys were more likely to be overweight or obese. Our findings suggest that nutrition education, as well as environmental and policy interventions, is needed to target specific geographic regions. ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - March 11, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Psychological Diagnoses and Weight Loss among Appalachian Bariatric Surgery Patients.
Conclusion: Other than baseline weight, BDI-II and BAI scores were not related to %EWL outcomes in patients receiving bariatric surgery in the Appalachian region. Future work should examine mixed methods approaches to capture prospective and longitudinal data to more thoroughly delve into mental health aspects of our Appalachian patients and improve efforts to recapture postoperative patients who may have been lost to follow-up. PMID: 32104600 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Ventilatory and Diffusion Dysfunctions in Obese Patients with and without Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome.
Authors: Rouatbi S, Ghannouchi I, Kammoun R, Ben Saad H Abstract Objective: To analyze the ventilatory and alveolar-capillary diffusion dysfunctions in case of obesity with or without an OSAS. Methods: It is a cross-sectional study of 48 obese adults (23 OSAS and 25 controls). Anthropometric data (height, weight, and body mass index (BMI)) were collected. All adults responded to a medical questionnaire and underwent polysomnography or sleep polygraphy for apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and percentage of desaturation measurements. The following lung function data were collected: pulmonary flows and volumes, lung tra...
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 28, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Elevated Serum TNF- α Is Related to Obesity in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Is Associated with Glycemic Control and Insulin Resistance.
Conclusion: TNF-α is associated with concurrent obesity and T2DM and correlates with HbA1c. This suggests that TNF-α needs further investigation to explore if it has a role in monitoring the effectiveness of management in individuals with obesity and T2DM.α) is a cytokine that is released by adipocytes and inflammatory cells in response to chronic inflammation. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is believed to be associated with low-grade chronic inflammation. The current study aims to investigate the involvement of leptin and TNF-α) is a cytokine that is released by adipocytes and inflammatory cells i...
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors in relation to Overweight Defined by BMI and "Normal-Weight Obesity".
Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors in relation to Overweight Defined by BMI and "Normal-Weight Obesity". J Obes. 2020;2020:2070297 Authors: Ohlsson B, Manjer J Abstract Sociodemographic factors and lifestyle habits affect body weight and body composition. A new syndrome, called normal-weight obesity (NWO), is found in individuals with normal weight and excess body fat in contrast to lean and overweight individuals. The aim of the present study was to explore the associations between sociodemographic factors and smoking and alcohol habits and lower versus higher BMI (≥25 kg/m2) a...
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Linkage between Neighborhood Social Cohesion and BMI of South Asians in the Masala Study.
Conclusion: Perceived neighborhood social cohesion was not significantly associated with BMI among South Asians in our study sample. Further research is recommended to explore whether other neighborhood characteristics may be associated with BMI and other health outcomes in South Asians and the mechanisms through which neighborhood may influence health. PMID: 31998534 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - February 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Maximum Phonation Time in People with Obesity Not Submitted or Submitted to Bariatric Surgery.
Conclusion: Compared with healthy controls, maximal phonation time is shorter in people with obesity, with a tendency to increase after bariatric surgery, as a possible consequence of weight loss. PMID: 31976088 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 25, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Total and Compartmental Chest Wall Volumes, Lung Function, and Respiratory Muscle Strength in Individuals with Abdominal Obesity: Effects of Body Positions.
The objective of the current study was to examine the effects of the body positions on total and compartmental chest wall volumes, lung function, and respiratory muscle strength in individuals with and without abdominal obesity. Methods: Twenty obesity and twenty healthy males performed in four body position including sitting without and with back support, Fowler's, and supine positions. Each position was performed for five minutes. Chest wall volumes, lung function, and respiratory muscle strength were assessed in each position. Results: Sitting without and with back support resulted in higher total and rib cage c...
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 15, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Impact of Step Recommendations on Body Composition and Physical Activity Patterns in College Freshman Women: A Randomized Trial.
Authors: Bailey BW, Bartholomew CL, Summerhays C, Deru L, Compton S, Tucker LA, LeCheminant JD, Hicks J Abstract Purpose: Transitioning from high school to college generally results in reduced physical activity and weight gain at a rate that is higher than the general population. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of three progressively higher step recommendations over 24 weeks on changes in body weight and body composition. Methods: Ninety-two freshmen college women wore a multifunction pedometer for 24 weeks after being randomly assigned to a daily step level: 10,000, 12,500, or 15,000. Pedo...
Source: Journal of Obesity - January 1, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Influence of Parent Stressors on Adolescent Obesity in African American Youth.
Conclusion: These findings suggest parents' exposure and appraisal of stressors related to community safety are associated with increased adolescent obesity in African American youth. Longitudinal, larger-scale studies are needed to better understand the mechanisms by which community safety may increase obesity risk in this ethnic minority pediatric population. This trail is registered with NCT02938663. PMID: 31871784 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 26, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Change and Stability in Sibling Resemblance in Obesity Markers: The Portuguese Sibling Study on Growth, Fitness, Lifestyle, and Health.
Conclusions: Longitudinal individual tracking and sibling resemblance for obesity markers were found. Yet, different trajectories were also identified depending on the marker and sib type. Individual and familial characteristics exert different influences on each obesity marker. PMID: 31827922 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - December 13, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Accuracy of Longitudinal Assessment of Visceral Adipose Tissue by Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry in Children with Obesity.
Authors: Dias KA, Ramos JS, Wallen MP, Davies PSW, Cain PA, Leong GM, Ingul CB, Coombes JS, Keating SE Abstract Background: Increased visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is strongly associated with cardiometabolic risk factors. Accurate quantification of VAT is available through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which incurs a significant financial and time burden. We aimed to assess the accuracy of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry- (DXA-) derived VAT (DXA-VAT) against a gold standard MRI protocol (MRI-VAT) in children with normal weight and obesity cross-sectionally, and over the course of a lifestyle intervention. ...
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Changes in Circulating BDNF in relation to Sex, Diet, and Exercise: A 12-Week Randomized Controlled Study in Overweight and Obese Participants.
Authors: Glud M, Christiansen T, Larsen LH, Richelsen B, Bruun JM Abstract Circulating BDNF is higher in women than in men and suggested to be affected by changes in food intake, body weight, and exercise. The purpose of this study was to compare BDNF concentrations in women and men during a 12-week weight loss intervention. Using a previously published 12-week randomized study, serum BDNF was assessed at baseline and after 12 weeks using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Fifty overweight or obese but healthy individuals (26 women, mean age of 36.4 ± 7.9 years; 24 men, mean age of 38...
Source: Journal of Obesity - November 30, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Are Nonnutritive Sweeteners Obesogenic? Associations between Diet, Faecal Microbiota, and Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Morbidly Obese Subjects.
Authors: Farup PG, Lydersen S, Valeur J Abstract Obesity has been associated with changes in the gut microbiota and its metabolites. The study explored changes in the faecal microbiota and short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) associated with the diet (including nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs)) and evaluated metabolic consequences in subjects with morbid obesity. The diet was assessed with a validated food frequency questionnaire. One unit of NNSs was 100 mL beverage with NNSs or 2 tablets/teaspoons of NNSs. The faecal microbiota was assessed with GA-map® dysbiosis test and SCFA with gas chromatography and flame...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Food-Insecure Women Eat a Less Diverse Diet in a More Temporally Variable Way: Evidence from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-4.
Authors: Nettle D, Bateson M Abstract Food insecurity is associated with high body weight amongst women, but not men, in high-income countries. Previous research using food recalls suggests that the total energy intake of food-insecure women is not elevated, though macronutrient composition may differ from that of food-secure women. There is limited evidence on temporal patterns of food consumption. Here, we used food recalls from women in the 2013-4 cycle of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, n = 2798) to characterise temporal patterns of food consumption in relation to foo...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Comparative Abilities of Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference, Abdominal Volume Index, Body Adiposity Index, and Conicity Index as Predictive Screening Tools for Metabolic Syndrome among Apparently Healthy Ghanaian Adults.
This study was a cross sectional study conducted from September 2017 to January 2018, among one hundred sixty (160) apparently healthy normoglycemic normotensive adults. A self-designed questionnaire was administered to gather sociodemographic data. Anthropometric and haemodynamic measurements were also taken. Blood samples were collected for fasting blood glucose (FBG) and lipid profile. MetS was classified using the harmonised criteria as indicated by the joint interim statement (JIS). Of 160 participants, 42.5% were male and 57.5% were female. Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) associated better with Met...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Cardiac Obesity and Cardiac Cachexia: Is There a Pathophysiological Link?
Authors: Selthofer-Relatić K, Kibel A, Delić-Brkljačić D, Bošnjak I Abstract Obesity is a risk factor for cardiometabolic and vascular diseases like arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus type 2, dyslipidaemia, and atherosclerosis. A special role in obesity-related syndromes is played by cardiac visceral obesity, which includes epicardial adipose tissue and intramyocardial fat, leading to cardiac steatosis; hypertensive heart disease; atherosclerosis of epicardial coronary artery disease; and ischemic cardiomyopathy, cardiac microcirculatory dysfunction, diabetic cardiomyopathy, and atrial fibrillation...
Source: Journal of Obesity - October 2, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Quality of Life before and after Sleeve Gastrectomy in Lebanese Population.
Authors: Alkassis M, Haddad FG, Gharios J, Noun R, Chakhtoura G Abstract Introduction: Obesity is increasing worldwide and in Lebanon with a negative impact on the quality of life. The primary objective of this study is to measure the quality of life in obese subjects before and after bariatric surgery, depending on age, sex, and degree of weight loss. A secondary objective is to determine the impact of bariatric surgery on comorbidities associated with obesity. Materials and methods: Patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 between August 2016 and April 201...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Correlates of Overweight in Children and Adolescents Living at Different Altitudes: The Peruvian Health and Optimist Growth Study.
Authors: Santos C, Bustamante A, Hedeker D, Vasconcelos O, Garganta R, Katzmarzyk PT, Maia J Abstract Background and Aim: Overweight prevalence in children and adolescents shows great variability which is related to individual-level and environmental-level factors. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with overweight in Peruvian children and adolescents living at different altitudes. Methods: 8568 subjects, aged 6-16 y, from the sea level, Amazon, and high-altitude regions were sampled. Overweight was identified using BMI; biological maturation and physical fitnes...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

The Association of Pension Income with the Incidence of Type I Obesity among Retired Israelis.
The objective of the current study is to investigate gender differences and the impact of wealth and income from pensions, sociodemographic variables, and self-assessment of health conditions on the projected probability to become obese in the postretirement age (67 years and older). We are unaware of previous studies, which explored the direct relationship between obesity, monetary income from pensions, wealth, and self-assessment of health conditions. To conduct this research, we make use of an extensive questionnaire concerning the economic and sociodemographic features and health and housing conditions of indivi...
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 21, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Erratum to "Double-Blind, Randomized, Three-Armed, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Investigation to Evaluate the Benefit and Tolerability of Two Dosages of IQP-AE-103 in Reducing Body Weight in Overweight and Moderately Obese Subjects".
Erratum to "Double-Blind, Randomized, Three-Armed, Placebo-Controlled, Clinical Investigation to Evaluate the Benefit and Tolerability of Two Dosages of IQP-AE-103 in Reducing Body Weight in Overweight and Moderately Obese Subjects". J Obes. 2019;2019:6189724 Authors: Uebelhack R, Bongartz U, Seibt S, Bothe G, Chong PW, De Costa P, Wszelaki N Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2019/3412952.]. PMID: 31380115 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - August 7, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Correlations between Traditional and Nontraditional Indicators of Adiposity, Inflammation, and Monocyte Subtypes in Patients with Stable Coronary Artery Disease.
Authors: Garofallo SB, Portal VL, Markoski MM, Dias LD, de Quadrosa AS, Marcadenti A Abstract Background: Recruitment of monocytes and low-grade inflammation process are both involved in obesity and in atherosclerosis. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation among indicators of adiposity, monocyte subtypes, and inflammatory markers in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study including 97 patients with stable CAD aged>40 years. Traditional anthropometric indicators of adiposity (body mass index (BMI); waist, hip, and neck circumfe...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Can Yellow Stripe Scad Compete with Salmon on Its Role in Platelet Phospholipid Membrane and Its Cardiovascular Benefits?
Authors: Yakubu A, Azlan A, Loh SP, Md Noor S Abstract This review article stresses the effective role of dietary fish fillet docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on overweight as a risk factor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) via platelet phospholipid modification. Several reports have demonstrated that saturated fat in overweight evokes systemic inflammation and more importantly predisposes it to cardiovascular disorder. Prospective studies have shown that saturated fat is directly proportional to the level of arachidonic acids (AA), precursor of thromboxane in the platelet phospholipid membr...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 31, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

Health Promotion and Obesity in the Arab Gulf States: Challenges and Good Practices.
Authors: Samara A, Andersen PT, Aro AR Abstract This debate paper focuses on available strategies, policies, and challenges of health promotion for combating obesity in the Arab Gulf states (Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, and Qatar). The paper focuses on the abovementioned countries due to their similarity on many aspects and because of their alarming obesity rates that are on the rise and keep increasing. The paper argues that there are significant efforts to be made in sectors such as policies, intersectoral work, primary healthcare, health promotion strategies development, and qualified personnel for healt...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of Obesity among Indigenous Peoples in Canada.
Authors: Batal M, Decelles S Abstract Indigenous populations in Canada are heavily affected by the burden of obesity, and certain communities, such as First Nations on reserve, are not included in the sampling framework of large national health surveys. A scoping review of ever published original research reporting obesity rates (body mass index ≥ 30), among adult Indigenous peoples in Canada, was conducted to identify studies that help close the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) data gap for obesity prevalence in Indigenous populations in Canada and to make comparisons based on ethnicity, se...
Source: Journal of Obesity - July 11, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research

A Data Mining Approach Identified Salivary Biomarkers That Discriminate between Two Obesity Measures.
Conclusion: A data mining approach based on multiple algorithms is useful for identifying factors associated with phenotypes, especially in cases where relationships are not salient, and a consensus from multiple methods can help produce a more generalizable subset of features. In this case, we have demonstrated that evaluation using the waist circumference includes association with high levels of salivary leptin, which is not seen with evaluation by BMI. PMID: 31236292 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Obesity)
Source: Journal of Obesity - June 28, 2019 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: J Obes Source Type: research