Calendar of Events
Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, events around the world are being postponed or moved online. For the most current information on events listed below, please visit the meeting ’s website. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - December 9, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Marine n –3 Fatty Acids, Sudden Cardiac Death, and Ischemic Heart Disease: Fish or Supplements?
See corresponding article onpage 3086. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Arginase II Plays a Central Role in the Sexual Dimorphism of Arginine Metabolism in C57BL/6 Mice
ABSTRACTBackgroundSex differences in plasma concentration of arginine and arginase activity of different tissues have been reported in mice. In addition, male but not female C57BL/6 mice have a dietary arginine requirement for growth.ObjectiveThe goal of this research was to test the hypothesis that arginase II is a key factor in the sexual dimorphism of arginine metabolism.MethodsYoung adult male and female wild type (WT), and heterozygous and arginase II knockout mice on a C57BL/6 background mice were infused with labeled citrulline, arginine, ornithine, phenylalanine, and tyrosine to determine the rates of appearance an...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary Aromatic Amino Acid Requirements During Early and Late Gestation in Healthy Pregnant Women
ConclusionsOur results suggest that the current EAR of 36 mg ·kg−1·d−1 for TAAs is underestimated. When compared with results previously determined in nonpregnant adults, early pregnancy requirements were similar (43 compared with 44 mg ·kg−1·d−1, respectively). During late pregnancy, a 14% higher TAA requirement was observed when compared with early pregnancy. The results from this study have potential implications for creating gestation stage-specific TAA recommendations. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Brain PUFA Concentrations Are Differentially Affected by Interactions of Diet, Sex, Brain Regions, and Phospholipid Pools in Mice
ConclusionThough DHA concentrations are not affected by sex, ARA concentrations are affected by interactions of the 4 variables examined. This study provides comprehensive references in the investigation of complex interactions between factors that affect brain PUFA concentrations in mice. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Two Blends of Refined Rice Bran, Flaxseed, and Sesame Seed Oils Affect the Blood Lipid Profile of Chinese Adults with Borderline Hypercholesterolemia to a Similar Extent as Refined Olive Oil
ABSTRACTBackgroundIndividual vegetable oils have a characteristic fatty acids (FA) composition and unique phytonutrient profiles, enabling formulation of oil blends that may have health-promoting effects.ObjectiveThe primary objective of this study was to investigate effects of 2 oil blends made with refined rice bran, flaxseed, and sesame oils, with distinct monounsaturated to saturated FA, polyunsaturated to saturated FA, and omega-3 (n –3) to omega-6 FA ratios and different phytonutrient concentrations on blood lipid profile, compared with refined olive oil as a control. The secondary outcomes were other markers o...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Iron Absorption from Iron-Biofortified Sweetpotato Is Higher Than Regular Sweetpotato in Malawian Women while Iron Absorption from Regular and Iron-Biofortified Potatoes Is High in Peruvian Women
ABSTRACTBackgroundSweetpotato and potato are fast-maturing staple crops and widely consumed in low- and middle-income countries. Conventional breeding to biofortify these crops with iron could improve iron intakes. To our knowledge, iron absorption from sweetpotato and potato has not been assessed.ObjectiveThe aim was to assess iron absorption from regular and iron-biofortified orange-fleshed sweetpotato in Malawi and yellow-fleshed potato and iron-biofortified purple-fleshed potato in Peru.MethodsWe conducted 2 randomized, multiple-meal studies in generally healthy, iron-depleted women of reproductive age. Malawian women ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary Saturated Fats from Different Food Sources Show Variable Associations with the 2015 Healthy Eating Index in the Canadian Population
The objective of this study was to examine the associations between SFAs from various food sources and the 2015 Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2015) as a proxy of overall diet quality.MethodsThe study sample included 11,106 respondents between 19 and 70 y of age from the 2015 Canadian Community Health Survey. Dietary intakes as well as the HEI-2015 were calculated using data from a single 24-h recall. An HEI-2015 from which the SFA subscores were subtracted was also calculated. Low nutritive value foods were defined using Health Canada's 4-Tier system. Associations were investigated using multivariable linear regressions with r...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Short-Term Tea Consumption Is Not Associated with a Reduction in Blood Lipids or Pressure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
ConclusionsShort-term (4 –24 wk) tea consumption does not appear to significantly affect blood pressure or lipids in healthy or at-risk adults, although the evidence is limited by insufficient power to detect changes in these CVD biomarkers. High-quality RCTs with longer durations and sufficient sample sizes are needed to fully elucidate the effects of tea. This systematic review was registered atwww.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/ as CRD42020134513. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Iron Biofortified Potatoes; Every Little Bit Helps
See corresponding article onpage 3094. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Effects of Different Forms of Lactoferrin on Iron Absorption
lactoferriniron absorptioniron homeostasisferrous sulfatenon-heme iron (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Should There Be a Recommended Daily Intake of Microbes?
ABSTRACTThe collective findings from human microbiome research, randomized controlled trials on specific microbes (i.e., probiotics), and associative studies of fermented dairy consumption provide evidence for the beneficial effects of the regular consumption of safe live microbes. To test the hypothesis that the inclusion of safe, live microbes in the diet supports and improves health, we propose assessment of the types and evidentiary quality of the data available on microbe intake, including the assembly and evaluation of evidence available from dietary databases. Such an analysis would help to identify gaps in the evid...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - November 13, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Association of Vitamin D and Vitamin K Status with Subclinical Measures of Cardiovascular Health and All-Cause Mortality in Older Adults: The Hoorn Study
ConclusionsA combination of low vitamin D and K status is associated with adverse cardiac remodeling and increased risk of all-cause mortality in men and women. Future studies should investigate whether vitamin D and K supplementation could help to improve cardiovascular health and to decrease CVD risk. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

An Expression of Concern from The Journal of Nutrition's Editorial Office about: Vitamin D Supplementation Affects the Beck Depression Inventory, Insulin Resistance, and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder: A Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial
J Nutr 2016;146(2):243 –8,https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.115.218883. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

An Expression of Concern from The Journal of Nutrition's Editorial Office about: Long-Term Vitamin D Supplementation Affects Metabolic Status in Vitamin D –Deficient Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
J Nutr 2017;147(3):384 –89,https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.116.242008. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

An Expression of Concern from The Journal of Nutrition's Editorial Office about: Vitamin D Supplementation Affects Serum High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein, Insulin Resistance, and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress in Pregnant Women
J Nutr 2013;143(9):1432 –38,https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.113.177550. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Metabolic Syndrome Features and Excess Weight Were Inversely Associated with Nut Consumption after 1-Year Follow-Up in the PREDIMED-Plus Study
ABSTRACTBackgroundHigh nut consumption has been previously associated with decreased prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) regardless of race and dietary patterns.ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to assess whether changes in nut consumption over a 1-y follow-up are associated with changes in features of MetS in a middle-aged and older Spanish population at high cardiovascular disease risk.MethodsThis prospective 1-y follow-up cohort study, conducted in the framework of the PREvenci ón con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED)-Plus randomized trial, included 5800 men and women (55–75 y old) with overweight/...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Branched-Chain Amino Acid Oxidation Is Elevated in Adults with Morbid Obesity and Decreases Significantly after Sleeve Gastrectomy
ABSTRACTBackgroundPlasma concentrations of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are elevated in obese individuals with insulin resistance (IR) and decrease after bariatric surgery. However, the metabolic mechanisms are unclear.ObjectivesOur objectives are to compare leucine kinetics between morbidly obese and healthy-weight individuals cross-sectionally, and to prospectively evaluate changes in the morbidly obese after sleeve gastrectomy. We hypothesized that leucine oxidation is slower in obese individuals and increases after surgery.MethodsTen morbidly obese [BMI (in kg/m2)  ≥32.5, age 21–50 y] and 10 healthy...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Lactose and Digestible Maltodextrin in Milk Replacers Differently Affect Energy Metabolism and Substrate Oxidation: A Calorimetric Study in Piglets
ConclusionsCompared with lactose, maltodextrin in milk replacers reduced resting metabolic rate in the fasting state, and induced a shift in postprandial substrate oxidation profiles in pigs. Further research is warranted to evaluate the consequences of these metabolic changes for body composition. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Soy Food Intake Is Inversely Associated with Newly Diagnosed Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in the TCLSIH Cohort Study
ABSTRACTBackgroundAnimal studies have shown that soy protein and isoflavones can increase antioxidant capacity and improve insulin resistance, and thus ameliorate nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, only limited epidemiological studies have examined the association of soy food intake with NAFLD.ObjectivesWe investigated the association between soy food intake and NAFLD in a Chinese cohort.MethodsA total of 24,622 participants aged 20 –90 y were included in the study. Diet information was collected using a validated 100-item FFQ. NAFLD was defined as having fatty liver diagnosed by ultrasonography and e...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Evaluation of Cognitive Performance following Fish-Oil and Curcumin Supplementation in Middle-Aged and Older Adults with Overweight or Obesity
ConclusionsImprovements in processing speed following fish-oil supplementation in middle-aged to older males might be mediated by improvements in circulatory function. Mechanisms underlying the cognitive benefit seen with curcumin are unknown. As cognitive benefits were found in males only, further evaluation of sex differences in responsiveness to supplementation is warranted. This trial was registered at the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trial Register athttps://www.anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=370788 as ACTRN12616000732482p. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Brain-E, Does It Equate to Brainy?
See corresponding article onpage 3075. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Adults Who Are Overweight or Obese and Consuming an Energy-Restricted Healthy US-Style Eating Pattern at Either the Recommended or a Higher Protein Quantity Perceive a Shift from “Poor” to “Good” Sleep: A Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsAlthough objective sleep quality may not improve, adults who are overweight or obese and poor sleepers may become good sleepers while consuming either the recommended or a higher-protein energy-restricted Healthy US-Style Eating Pattern. This trial was registered atclinicaltrials.gov as NCT03174769. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

An Expression of Concern from The Journal of Nutrition's Editorial Office about: High-dose ω-3 Fatty Acid Plus Vitamin D3 Supplementation Affects Clinical Symptoms and Metabolic Status of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
J Nutr 2018;148(8):1380 –6,https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxy116. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Temporal Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Obesity in US Adults
ABSTRACTBackgroundThe integration of time with dietary patterns throughout a day, or temporal dietary patterns (TDPs), have been linked with dietary quality but relations to health are unknown.ObjectiveThe association between TDPs and selected health status indicators and obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and metabolic syndrome (MetS) was determined.MethodsThe first-day 24-h dietary recall from 1627 nonpregnant US adult participants aged 20 –65 y from the NHANES 2003–2006 was used to determine timing, amount of energy intake, and sequence of eating occasions (EOs). Modified dynamic time warping (MDTW) and kernel ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tracking Preschoolers ’ Lifestyle Behaviors and Testing Maternal Sociodemographics and BMI in Predicting Child Obesity Risk
We examined changes in children's lifestyle behaviors (dietary, physical activity, and screen time) from ages 2 –5 y to determine if maternal sociodemographic factors and BMI predict child obesity at 3.5 y and 5 y.MethodsData were obtained from 667 first-time mothers who were recruited into the Healthy Beginnings Trial at 24 –34 weeks of gestation in Sydney, Australia. Child lifestyle behaviors were assessed using face-to-face questionnaire interviews with mothers. To measure child and maternal anthropometry, BMI (in kg/m2) was calculated using measured height and weight. Children were categorized as overweight...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Food Insecurity is Directly Associated with the Use of Health Services for Adverse Health Events among Older Adults
ConclusionsFood insecurity is associated with an increased likelihood of use of health services for adverse health events in older adult participants in meal service programs. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Whole-Diet Approach Affects Not Only Fasting but Also Postprandial Cardiometabolic Risk Markers in Overweight and Obese Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
ABSTRACTBackgroundCurrent dietary recommendations for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention focus more on dietary patterns than on single nutrients. However, randomized controlled trials using whole-diet approaches to study effects on both fasting and postprandial CVD risk markers are limited.ObjectiveThis randomized parallel trial compared the effects of a healthy diet (HD) with those of a typical Western diet (WD) on fasting and postprandial CVD risk markers in overweight and obese adults.MethodsAfter a 2-wk run-in period, 40 men and women (50 –70 y; BMI: 25–35 kg/m2)  consumed the HD (high in fruit an...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 22, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Reply to S Joshi
Dear Editor: (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Ketogenic Diet: Risks and Downfalls
Dear Editor: (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Benefits of the EAT-Lancet Commission's Dietary Recommendations Are Significant and Robust
Dear Editor: (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Calendar of Events
Due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, events around the world are being postponed or moved online. For the most current information on events listed below, please visit the meeting ’s website. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Reply to M Springmann et al.
Dear Editor: (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 12, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin D and Depression in Puerto Ricans Living in the United States
See corresponding article onpage 3231. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Lysine Bioavailability in School-Age Children Consuming Rice Is Reduced by Starch Retrogradation
ABSTRACTBackgroundRice is one of the most commonly consumed cereal grains and is part of staple diets in the majority of the world. However, it is regarded as an incomplete protein, with lysine being a limiting amino acid.ObjectivesOur objectives were to determine the bioavailability of lysine in school-age children consuming cooked white rice and to assess the effect of rice starch retrogradation.MethodsBioavailability or metabolic availability (MA) of lysine was determined using the indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method in a repeated-measures design. Six healthy school-age children (3 boys, 3 girls) with a mean &n...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

More Nutrition Precision, Better Decisions for the Health of Our Nation
ABSTRACTNutritional science is evolving to an enhanced emphasis on recent scientific and technological advancements supporting a transition to precision nutrition as a strategy for disease prevention and management across populations. The complexity of chronic disease, which afflicts 6 in 10 adult Americans, is highlighted in the diet –disease relation where it is apparent that there is no “one size fits all” approach to disease management. Precision nutrition is the study of how individuals respond differently to food and nutrients, and it leads to personalized or classified, evidence-based guidelines th...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Serum Vitamin D and Depressive Symptomatology among Boston-Area Puerto Ricans
We examined the association between serum 25(OH)D and self-reported depressive symptomatology across 3 waves of follow-up in a cohort of Puerto Rican adults residing in Massachusetts.ObjectivesWe evaluated the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between serum 25(OH)D and self-reported depressive symptoms in the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study (BPRHS) cohort.MethodsParticipants of the BPRHS were evaluated for depressive symptoms using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Serum 25(OH)D was measured at baseline (n = 1434), year 2 (n = 1218), and year 5 (n = 91...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

High Consumption of Red Meat Is Associated with Excess Mortality Among African-American Women
ConclusionsRed meat consumption is associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among AA women. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Role of Amino Acids in Blood Glucose Changes in Young Adults Consuming Cereal with Milks Varying in Casein and Whey Concentrations and Their Ratio
ABSTRACTBackgroundIncreasing the total protein content and reducing the casein to whey ratio in milks consumed with breakfast cereal reduce postprandial blood glucose (BG).ObjectivesWe aimed to explore associations between plasma amino acids (AAs), BG, and glucoregulatory hormones.MethodsIn this repeated-measures design, 12 healthy adults consumed cereal (58 g) and milks (250  mL) with 3.1 wt% or high 9.3 wt% protein concentrations and with casein to whey ratios of either 80:20 or 40:60. Blood was collected at 0, 30, 60, 120, 140, 170, and 200 min for measurement of the primary outcome, BG, and for the explorator...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Promise and Uncertainty of Fruit and Vegetable Prescriptions in Health Care
See corresponding article onpage 2859. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Stomach, the Mouth, or the Food? The Puzzle of Gastric Emptying
See corresponding article onpage 2890. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Overlapping Vitamin A Intervention Programs: Should We Be Concerned with Excessive Intakes?
See corresponding article onpage 2912. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Iron Biofortification: Who Gives a Bean?
See corresponding article onpage 3013. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children is Associated with Several Changes in Nutrient Intakes and Food Consumption Patterns of Participating Infants and Young Children, 2008  Compared with 2016
This study investigates associations between WIC participation and nutrients and food groups consumed using data from the Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study's 2008 and 2016 nationwide, cross-sectional surveys of children
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Associations between Diet Quality and Body Composition in Young Children Born with Very Low Body Weight
ABSTRACTBackgroundVery low birth weight (VLBW;
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 6, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dedication to Dr. Yuzo Hayashi (1930 –2017)
Dr. Hayashi passed away on 23 May 2017 at age 87. Dr. Hayashi was an internationally eminent toxicologist and a co-organizer of the Amino Acid Assessment Workshops sponsored by the International Council of Amino Acid Science (ICAAS). He was one of the original Scientific Advisors to ICAAS. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Metabolism of Sulfur-Containing Amino Acids: How the Body Copes with Excess Methionine, Cysteine, and Sulfide
ABSTRACTMetabolism of excess methionine (Met) to homocysteine (Hcy) by transmethylation is facilitated by the expression of methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT) I/III and glycineN-methyltransferase (GNMT) in liver, and a lack of either enzyme results in hypermethioninemia despite normal concentrations of MATII and methyltransferases other than GNMT. The further metabolism of Hcy by the transsulfuration pathway is facilitated by activation of cystathionine β-synthase (CBS) byS-adenosylmethionine (SAM) as well as the relatively highKM of CBS for Hcy. Transmethylation plus transsulfuration effects catabolism of the Met m...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Lessons Learned from Inherited Metabolic Disorders of Sulfur-Containing Amino Acids Metabolism
ABSTRACTThe metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids (SAAs) requires an orchestrated interplay among several dozen enzymes and transporters, and an adequate dietary intake of methionine (Met), cysteine (Cys), and B vitamins. Known human genetic disorders are due to defects in Met demethylation, homocysteine (Hcy) remethylation, or cobalamin and folate metabolism, in Hcy transsulfuration, and Cys and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) catabolism. These disorders may manifest between the newborn period and late adulthood by a combination of neuropsychiatric abnormalities, thromboembolism, megaloblastic anemia, hepatopathy, myopathy, ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Potential Benefits and Pitfalls of Histidine Supplementation for Cancer Therapy Enhancement
ABSTRACTDietary supplementation of the amino acid histidine has demonstrable benefits in various clinical conditions. Recent work in a pediatric leukemia mouse model exposed a surprising potential application of histidine supplementation for cancer therapy enhancement. These findings demand a deeper reassessment of the physiological effects and potential drawbacks of histidine supplementation. As pertinent to this question, we discuss the safety of high doses of histidine and its relevant metabolic fates in the human body. We refrain from recommendations or final conclusions because comprehensive preclinical evidence for s...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - October 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research