Calendar of Events
(Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Food Photography Is Not an Accurate Measure of Energy Intake in Obese, Pregnant Women
AbstractBackgroundTo improve weight management in pregnant women, there is a need to deliver specific, data-based recommendations on energy intake.ObjectiveThis cross-sectional study evaluated the accuracy of an electronic reporting method to measure daily energy intake in pregnant women compared with total daily energy expenditure (TDEE).MethodsTwenty-three obese [mean ± SEM body mass index (kg/m2): 36.9  ± 1.3] pregnant women (aged 28.3 ±1.1 y) used a smartphone application to capture images of their food selection and plate waste in free-living conditions for ≥6 d in early (13&ndas...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Aspartame Consumption for 12 Weeks Does Not Affect Glycemia, Appetite, or Body Weight of Healthy, Lean Adults in a Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsAspartame ingested at 2 doses for 12 wk had no effect on glycemia, appetite, or body weight among healthy, lean adults. These data do not support the view that aspartame is problematic for the management of glycemia, appetite, or body weight. This trial was registered atwww.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02999321. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Multi-Copper Ferroxidase –Deficient Mice Have Increased Brain Iron Concentrations and Learning and Memory Deficits
ConclusionMutation of both MCFs in mice induces iron accumulation in brain regions, oxidative damage, and learning and memory defects. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Peri-Urban, but Not Urban, Residence in Bolivia Is Associated with Higher Odds of Co-Occurrence of Overweight and Anemia among Young Children, and of Households with an Overweight Woman and Stunted Child
AbstractBackgroundUrban populations have grown globally alongside emerging simultaneous burdens of undernutrition and obesity. Yet, how heterogeneous urban environments are associated with this nutritional double burden is poorly understood.ObjectiveWe aimed to determine:1) the prevalence of the nutritional double burden and its components in urban, peri-urban, and rural areas of Bolivia; and2) the association of residence in these areas with the nutritional double burden and its components.DesignWe surveyed 3946 randomly selected households from 2 metropolitan regions of Bolivia. Census data and remotely sensed imagery we...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Healthy Plant-Based Diets Are Associated with Lower Risk of All-Cause Mortality in US Adults
ConclusionsA nonlinear association between hPDI and all-cause mortality was observed. Healthy plant-based diet scores above the median were associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality in US adults. Future research exploring the impact of quality of plant-based diets on long-term health outcomes is necessary. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Healthy Asian A Posteriori Dietary Pattern Correlates with A Priori Dietary Patterns and Is Associated with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in a Multiethnic Asian Population
ConclusionA healthful dietary pattern that correlated well with a priori patterns and was associated with lower BMI, serum LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, and fasting triglyceride concentrations was identified across 3 major Asian ethnic groups. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Accretion of Fat-Free Mass Rather Than Fat Mass in Infancy Is Positively Associated with Linear Growth in Childhood
ConclusionsIn Ethiopian children, FFM accretion was associated with linear growth at 1 y and no clear additional longitudinal effect from 1 to 5 y was observed. FM accretion showed a weak association from 1 to 5 y. This trial was registered atwww.controlled-trials.com as ISRCTN46718296. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Test-Retest Reproducibility of Adult-Reported High School Diet Varies among Racially and Ethnically Diverse US Men and Women
ConclusionThese results show good 1-y reproducibility of assessed high school diet, as reported from memory in adulthood, by line item, food group, and dietary pattern, with noted differences by demographic characteristics. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Universal Salt Iodization Provides Sufficient Dietary Iodine to Achieve Adequate Iodine Nutrition during the First 1000 Days: A Cross-Sectional Multicenter Study
ConclusionsSalt iodization at ∼25 mg/kg that covers a high proportion of the total amount of salt consumed supplies sufficient dietary iodine to ensure adequate iodine nutrition in all population groups, although intakes may be borderline low during pregnancy. Large variations in salt iodine concentrations increase the risk fo r both low and high iodine intakes. Strict monitoring of the national salt iodization program is therefore essential for optimal iodine nutrition. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02196337. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Polyphenols Have No Impact on Endothelial Function in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsIn participants with severe OSA and no overt cardiovascular disease, 1-mo GJP supplementation had no effect on endothelial function. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01977924. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Saturated Fats from Butter but Not from Cheese Increase HDL-Mediated Cholesterol Efflux Capacity from J774 Macrophages in Men and Women with Abdominal Obesity
ConclusionThese results provide evidence of a food matrix effect modulating the impact of dairy SFAs on HDL-mediated CEC with potential sex-related differences that deserve further investigation. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02106208. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Obese Mice Losing Weight Due to trans-10,cis-12 Conjugated Linoleic Acid Supplementation or Food Restriction Harbor Distinct Gut Microbiota
ConclusionModalities resulting in equivalent weight loss but with divergent metabolic effects are associated with compositional differences in the mouse intestinal microbiota. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Dietary Fermentable Fibers Attenuate Chronic Kidney Disease in Mice by Protecting the Intestinal Barrier
ConclusionSupplemental feeding with fermentable DFs, such as GG and PHGG, might be effective for the prevention or management of CKD by restoring colonic barrier integrity and microflora composition, as shown in mice. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Ossabaw Pig Is a Suitable Translational Model to Evaluate Dietary Patterns and Coronary Artery Disease Risk
AbstractBackgroundAnimal models that mimic diet-induced human pathogenesis of chronic diseases are of increasing importance in preclinical studies. The Ossabaw pig is an established model for obesity-related metabolic disorders when fed extreme diets in caloric excess.ObjectiveTo increase the translational nature of this model, we evaluated the effect of diets resembling 2 human dietary patterns, the Western diet (WD) and the Heart Healthy Diet (HHD), without or with atorvastatin ( −S or +S) therapy, on cardiometabolic risk factors and atherosclerosis development.MethodsOssabaw pigs (n  =  32; 16 boars and ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Carbohydrate Replacement of Rice or Potato with Lentils Reduces the Postprandial Glycemic Response in Healthy Adults in an Acute, Randomized, Crossover Trial
AbstractBackgroundThe postprandial blood glucose response (PBGR) following carbohydrate replacement of high –glycemic index (GI) foods with pulses, in a mixed meal, has not been accurately defined.ObjectiveWe aimed to determine the extent to which PBGR and relative glycemic response (RGR) are lowered when half of the available carbohydrate (AC) from rice or potato is replaced with cooked lentils.MethodsUsing a crossover design, 2 groups of 24 healthy adults randomly consumed 50 g AC from control white rice alone [mean ± SD body mass index (BMI, in kg/m2): 24.3  ± 0.5; mean ± SD age: 27....
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

l-Glutamine Attenuates Apoptosis in Porcine Enterocytes by Regulating Glutathione-Related Redox Homeostasis
This study was conducted to test the hypothesis thatl-glutamine attenuates 4-HNE –induced apoptosis by modulating glutathione (GSH) and thioredoxin (TXN) antioxidant systems and the expression of genes involved in 4-HNE metabolism in enterocytes.MethodsIntestinal porcine epithelial cell line 1 (IPEC-1) cells were cultured with or without 4-HNE (30 μmol/L) in the presence of 0.05 or 0.25 mmoll-glutamine/L (a physiological concentration in the lumen of the small intestine) for indicated time periods. Cell viability, abundances of apoptotic proteins, mitochondrial membrane depolarization, production of reactive oxyge...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

ABO Genotype Does Not Modify the Association between the “Blood-Type” Diet and Biomarkers of Cardiometabolic Disease in Overweight Adults
AbstractBackgroundAlthough 7 million copies ofEat Right 4 Your Type have been sold in>60 languages, there has been a lack of evidence supporting the “blood-type” diet hypothesis.ObjectiveThe present study aimed to examine the validity of this diet in overweight adults.MethodsA total of 973 adults [mean  ± SEM age: 44.6 ± 0.4 y; mean ± SEM body mass index (BMI; kg/m2): 32.5  ± 0.2; 758 women, 215 men] were participants of the Toronto Healthy Diet Study. A 1-mo, 196-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to determine dietary intakes before and after...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Cholic Acid Supplementation of a High-Fat Obesogenic Diet Suppresses Hepatic Triacylglycerol Accumulation in Mice via a Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 –Dependent Mechanism
ConclusionsFGF21 signaling is required for the beneficial effect of CA on hepatic TG accumulation in mice fed an HFD. We propose that FGF21 signaling potentiates the ability of CA to decrease the activation of ACC1 and HSL, key enzymes controlling the supply of long-chain fatty acid precursors for hepatic TG synthesis. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Low Dietary Folate Interacts with MTHFD1 Synthetase Deficiency in Mice, a Model for the R653Q Variant, to Increase Incidence of Developmental Delays and Defects
AbstractBackgroundSuboptimal folate intake, a risk factor for birth defects, is common even in areas with folate fortification. A polymorphism in methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 1 (MTHFD1), R653Q (MTHFD1 c.1958 G  >  A), has also been associated with increased birth defect risk, likely through reduced purine synthesis.ObjectiveWe aimed to determine if the interaction of MTHFD1 synthetase deficiency and low folate intake increases developmental abnormalities in a mouse model for MTHFD1 R653Q.MethodsFemaleMthfd1S+/+ andMthfd1S+/ − mice were fed control or low-folate diets (2 and 0.3 mg folic acid/k...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Reply to TR Hill and I Kyriazakis
(Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Vitamin D3, 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3, and Food Fortification
(Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

New Insight about Height: Body-Composition Changes in Infancy Predict Later Linear Growth
(Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - April 11, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Calendar of Events
(Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Energy Intake Derived from an Energy Balance Equation, Validated Activity Monitors, and Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry Can Provide Acceptable Caloric Intake Data among Young Adults
ConclusionsThese results indicate that estimates of EI based on the energy balance equation can provide reasonable estimates of group mean EI in young adults. The findings suggest that, when EE derived from DLW is not feasible, an activity monitor that provides a valid estimate of EE can be substituted for EE from DLW. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Indispensable Amino Acid –Deficient Diets Induce Seizures in Ketogenic Diet–Fed Rodents, Demonstrating a Role for Amino Acid Balance in Dietary Treatments for Epilepsy
AbstractBackgroundLow protein amounts are used in ketogenic diets (KDs), where an essential (indispensable) amino acid (IAA) can become limiting. Because the chemically sensitive, seizurogenic, anterior piriform cortex (APC) is excited by IAA limitation, an imbalanced KD could exacerbate seizure activity.ObjectiveWe questioned whether dietary IAA depletion worsens seizure activity in rodents fed KDs.MethodsIn a series of 6 trials, male rats or gerbils of both sexes (6 –8/group) were given either control diets (CDs) appropriate for each trial, a KD, or a threonine-devoid (ThrDev) diet for ≥7 d, and tested for ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Fish Oil Supplementation Does Not Affect Cognitive Outcomes in Cardiac Surgery Patients in the Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Prevention of Post-Operative Atrial Fibrillation (OPERA) Trial
ConclusionPerioperative supplementation with n –3 PUFAs in cardiac surgical patients did not influence cognition ≤30 d after discharge. Modern anesthetic, surgical, and postoperative care may be mitigating previously observed long-term declines in cognitive function following cardiac surgery. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov a s NCT00970489. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Theobromine Is Responsible for the Effects of Cocoa on the Antibody Immune Status of Rats
This study aimed to establish the influence of cocoa theobromine in systemic and intestinal Ig concentrations and to determine the effect of cocoa or theobromine feeding on lymphoid tissue lymphocyte composition.MethodsThree-week-old female Lewis rats were fed either a standard diet (AIN-93M; RF group), a 10% cocoa diet (CC group), or a 0.25% theobromine diet (the same amount provided by the cocoa diet; TB group) in 2 separate experiments that lasted 19 (experiment 1) or 8 (experiment 2) d. Serum IgG, IgM, IgA, and intestinal secretory IgA (sIgA) concentrations were determined. In addition, at the end of experiment 2, thym...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Frequency of Intake and Type of Away-from- Home Foods Consumed Are Associated with Diet Quality in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)
AbstractBackgroundAway-from-home foods (AFHFs) influence diet quality, a modifiable obesity risk factor, with limited generalizable evidence in Hispanic/Latino adults.ObjectiveWe investigated associations between AFHF intake with diet quality and overweight or obesity among US Hispanic/Latino adults.MethodsCross-sectional baseline (2008 –2011) analyses included adults (n  =  16,045) aged 18–74 y in the national Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. Participants self-reported AFHF consumption frequency from 10 different settings and dietary intake (2-d 24-h recall). The Alternate Healthy Ea...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Tubaramure, a Food-Assisted Integrated Health and Nutrition Program, Reduces Child Stunting in Burundi: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Intervention Trial
AbstractBackgroundFood-assisted maternal and child health and nutrition (FA-MCHN) programs are widely used to address undernutrition, but little is known about their effectiveness in improving child linear growth.ObjectiveWe assessed the impact of Burundi'sTubaramure FA-MCHN program on linear growth. The program targeted women and their children during the first 1000 d and included1) food rations,2) strengthening of health services and promotion of their use, and3) behavior change communication (BCC). A second objective was to assess the differential effect when varying the timing and duration of receiving food rations.Met...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Inflammatory Potential of the Diet at Midlife Is Associated with Later Healthy Aging in French Adults
ConclusionsThis study suggests that a proinflammatory diet may lower the probability of overall HA. The SU.VI.MAX trial was registered atwww.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00272428. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Anemia of Inflammation during Human Pregnancy Does Not Affect Newborn Iron Endowment
AbstractBackgroundTo our knowledge, no studies have addressed whether maternal anemia of inflammation (AI) affects newborn iron status, and few have addressed risk factors for specific etiologies of maternal anemia.ObjectivesThe study aims were to evaluate1) the contribution of AI and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) to newborn iron endowment,2) hepcidin as a biomarker to distinguish AI from IDA among pregnant women, and3) risk factors for specific etiologies of maternal anemia.MethodsWe measured hematologic biomarkers in maternal blood at 12 and 32 wk of gestation and in cord blood from a randomized trial of praziquantel in 3...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

The Dietary Fructose:Vitamin C Intake Ratio Is Associated with Hyperuricemia in African-American Adults
ConclusionDietary intakes of fructose and vitamin C are associated with prevalent hyperuricemia in a community-based population of African Americans. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

n –3 Fatty Acid Supplementation in Mothers, Preterm Infants, and Term Infants and Childhood Psychomotor and Visual Development: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusionsn –3 PUFA supplementation improves childhood psychomotor and visual development, without significant effects on global IQ later in childhood, although the latter conclusion is based on fewer studies. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Cow Milk Consumption Increases Iodine Status in Women of Childbearing Age in a Randomized Controlled Trial
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of increased cow milk consumption on iodine status, thyroid hormone concentrations, and selenium status.MethodsA 12-wk randomized controlled trial was conducted in 78 low –moderate milk-consuming (
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Folate Deficiency Facilitates Genomic Integration of Human Papillomavirus Type 16 DNA In Vivo in a Novel Mouse Model for Rapid Oncogenic Transformation of Human Keratinocytes
AbstractBackgroundEpidemiologic and in vitro studies suggest independent linkages between poor folate and/or vitamin B-12 nutrition, genomic human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 viral integration, and cancer. However, there is no direct evidence in vivo to support the causative role of poor folate nutrition in HPV16 integration into the cellular genome.ObjectiveWe tested the hypothesis that folate deficiency enables the integration of HPV16 into the genome of HPV16-harboring keratinocytes, and could thereby influence earlier transformation of these cells to cancer in an animal model.MethodsHPV16-harboring human keratinocytes...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Supplementation with Resveratrol and Curcumin Does Not Affect the Inflammatory Response to a High-Fat Meal in Older Adults with Abdominal Obesity: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Crossover Trial
ConclusionsAcute supplementation with Res/Cur has no impact on the postprandial inflammation response to a high-fat meal in abdominally obese older adults. Further studies are warranted to examine how resveratrol and curcumin may alter the vascular response to a high-fat meal. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01964846. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Progressive Increases in Dietary Iron Are Associated with the Emergence of Pathologic Disturbances of Copper Homeostasis in Growing Rats
AbstractBackgroundConsumption of a high-iron diet causes copper deficiency in weanling rodents; however, the minimum amount of dietary iron that disrupts copper homeostasis has not been established.ObjectiveWe tested the hypothesis that dietary iron at only several-fold above physiologic requirements would cause copper depletion.MethodsWeanling male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 6/group) were fed AIN-93G-based diets with adequate (88 µg Fe/g = 1×), or excessive (4×, 9.5×, 18.5×, 38×, or 110×) iron content for 7 wk (110× group, due to notable morbidity) or 8 wk ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Plasma and Pancreas Islet Hormone Concentrations in Lactating Rats Are Associated with Dietary Protein Amounts
This study investigated the associations between islet hormone concentrations with circulating AA and NO concentrations as well as with hepatic gluconeogenesis in lactating rats.MethodsAt delivery, 18 Wistar rats aged 14 wk were assigned either to low-protein (LP; 9% protein), standard-protein (SP; 21% protein), or high-protein (HP; 35% protein) diets for 15 d in groups of 6 pups/dam. Circulating AA and NO concentrations, circulating and pancreas islet hormone concentrations, and the activities and gene expressions of hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) were measured at the ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Cobalamin Deficiency Results in Increased Production of Formate Secondary to Decreased Mitochondrial Oxidation of One-Carbon Units in Rats
ConclusionWe propose that a bifurcation in mitochondrial one-carbon metabolism is a key control mechanism in determining the fate of one-carbon units, to formate or CO2. During cobalamin deficiency in rats the disposition of 10-formyl-tetrahydrofolate carbon is shifted in favor of formate production. This may represent a mechanism to generate more one-carbon units for the replenishment of theS-adenosylmethionine pool which is depleted in this condition. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Meal Fatty Acids Have Differential Effects on Postprandial Blood Pressure and Biomarkers of Endothelial Function but Not Vascular Reactivity in Postmenopausal Women in the Randomized Controlled Dietary Intervention and VAScular function (DIVAS)-2 Study
ConclusionOur study showed a differential impact of meal fat composition on blood pressure, plasma nitrite, and sICAM-1, but no effect on postprandial FMD or lipemia in postmenopausal women. This trial was registered atwww.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02144454. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Nutrient Fortification of Human Donor Milk Affects Intestinal Function and Protein Metabolism in Preterm Pigs
AbstractBackgroundNutrient fortification of human milk is often required to secure adequate growth and organ development for very preterm infants. There is concern that formula-based fortifiers (FFs) induce intestinal dysfunction, feeding intolerance, and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Bovine colostrum (BC) may be an alternative nutrient fortifier, considering its high content of protein and milk bioactive factors.ObjectiveWe investigated whether BC was superior to an FF product based on processed bovine milk and vegetable oil to fortify donor human milk (DHM) for preterm pigs, used as a model for infants.MethodsSixty pr...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Independent of Birth Mode or Gestational Age, Very-Low-Birth-Weight Infants Fed Their Mothers' Milk Rapidly Develop Personalized Microbiotas Low in Bifidobacterium
AbstractBackgroundVery-low-birth-weight (VLBW; born weighing
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Corticosterone-Induced Lipogenesis Activation and Lipophagy Inhibition in Chicken Liver Are Alleviated by Maternal Betaine Supplementation
In this study, we fed laying hens a betaine-supplemented diet, and the progeny were later exposed chronically to corticosterone (CORT) to test hepatoprotective effects and further elucidate underlying mechanisms.MethodsRugao yellow-feathered laying hens (n = 120) were fed a basal (control, C) diet or a 0.5% betaine-supplemented (B) diet for 28 d before their eggs were collected for incubation. At 49 d of age, male chickens selected from each group were daily injected subcutaneously with solvent (15% ethanol; vehicle, VEH) or CORT (4.0 mg/kg body ma ss) for 7 d to establish a fatty liver model. Chickens in the 4 g...
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Use and Misuse of Stunting as a Measure of Child Health
AbstractThe term “stunting” has become pervasive in international nutrition and child health research, program, and policy circles. Although originally intended as a population-level statistical indicator of children's social and economic deprivation, the conventional anthropometric definition of stunting (heigh t-for-agez scores
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

In Pursuit of the “Something” that Is Better than Nothing for Measuring Energy Intake
(Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

A Role for Amino Acid Balance in Dietary Treatments for Epilepsy
(Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Corrections
(Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - March 12, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Calendar of Events
(Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - February 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Development of an In Vivo and In Vitro Ileal Fermentation Method in a Growing Pig Model
ConclusionsThirty-percent of the terminal jejunal digesta OM was fermented in the ileum. Fiber fermentation in the ileum can be studied using the optimized in vivo/in vitro ileal fermentation method. (Source: Journal of Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Nutrition - February 27, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research