Hypercysteinemia, A Potential Risk Factor for Central Obesity and Related Disorders in Azores, Portugal.
Authors: Lima A, Ferin R, Bourbon M, Baptista J, Pavão ML Abstract In Azores, the standardized mortality rate for coronary artery disease (CAD) is nearly the double when compared to mainland Portugal. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of conventional CAD risk factors, as well as the plasma aminothiol profile (and its major determinants), between two groups of healthy subjects from Ponta Delgada (in Azores) and Lisbon (in mainland) cities, searching for precocious biomarker(s) of the disease. The study groups consisted of 101 healthy volunteers from Ponta Delgada (PDL) and 121 from Lisbon, a...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Dietary Iron Intake in Women of Reproductive Age in Europe: A Review of 49 Studies from 29 Countries in the Period 1993-2015.
Conclusions: In Europe, 61-97% of women have a dietary iron intake below 15 mg/day. This contributes to a low iron status in many women. We need common European standardized dietary methods, uniform dietary reference values, and uniform statistical methods to perform intercountry comparisons. PMID: 31312532 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Breakfast Intake and Factors Associated with Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among Lebanese High School Adolescents.
Authors: Mounayar R, Jreij R, Hachem J, Abboud F, Tueni M Abstract The Mediterranean diet has shown to have positive health impacts on metabolic diseases and cognitive performance. However, Mediterranean countries have witnessed a decreased adherence during the past years and the adoption of a more westernized dietary pattern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of Mediterranean diet adherence with sociodemographic, lifestyle, and anthropometric factors among Lebanese high school adolescents. Specifically, we aimed to analyse in this group the association between low adherence and breakfast intake...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Prevalence of Malnutrition and Associated Factors among Under-Five Children in Pastoral Communities of Afar Regional State, Northeast Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among under-five children in pastoral communities of Afar Regional state, Northeast Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 840 children aged 6-59 months from March 01-25, 2017. A multistage cluster sampling method was used to select the study participants. A structured questionnaire was used and anthropometric measurements were taken to collect data. EPI Data 3.1 and SPSS version 20.0 were used for data entry and analysis, respectively. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis was...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Monetary Cost of the MyPlate Diet in Young Adults: Higher Expenses Associated with Increased Fruit and Vegetable Consumption.
Authors: Clark RL, Famodu OA, Barr ML, Hagedorn RL, Ruseski J, White JA, Warner CM, Morrell AM, Murray PJ, Olfert IM, McFadden JW, Downes MT, Colby SE, Olfert MD Abstract Background: Cost is a commonly reported barrier to healthy eating. This is a secondary research analysis designed to examine the food expenditures of young adults on a university campus following the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) MyPlate guidelines for fruits and vegetables. Methods: Meal receipts and dietary intake were recorded weekly. Anthropometrics and clinical assessments were recorded before intervention. Researchers ra...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Hyperuricemia in Children and Adolescents: Present Knowledge and Future Directions.
Authors: Kubota M Abstract Recent evidence suggests that hyperuricemia is an important condition in children and adolescents, particularly in association with noncommunicable diseases. This review aims to summarize our current understanding of this condition in pediatric patients. An analysis of serum uric acid reference values in a healthy population indicates that they increase gradually with age until adolescence, with differences between the sexes arising at about 12 years of age. This information should be taken into consideration when defining hyperuricemia in studies. Gout is extremely rare in childre...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Awareness of the Consumption of Dietary Supplements among Students in a University in Saudi Arabia.
Authors: AlTamimi JZ Abstract The dietary supplement market in Saudi Arabia is growing alongside the number of Saudis consuming dietary supplements. It is therefore increasingly important for healthcare personnel to understand the consumption rate of dietary supplements, whether they are used wisely, and the know-how concerning their use and dosage. The purpose of this study was to clarify the overall awareness of dietary supplement consumption among female students of Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Using a descriptive approach, data were collected from 759 female students (mean ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Factors Associated with High Sodium Intake Assessed from 24-hour Urinary Excretion and the Potential Effect of Energy Intake.
Authors: Othman F, Ambak R, Siew Man C, Mohd Zaki NA, Ahmad MH, Abdul Aziz NS, Baharuddin A, Salleh R, Aris T Abstract Dietary consumption and other environmental factors are known factors associated with sodium intake. However, little is known about the influence of energy intake on this relationship. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with high sodium intake assessed from urine sodium excretion and the influence of energy intake. A nationwide, cross-sectional study was conducted from 2015 to 2016 among Malaysian health staff (MySalt 2015). A total of 1027 participants from 1568 tar...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Minimum Dietary Diversity Score and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women at Alamata General Hospital, Raya Azebo Zone, Tigray Region, Ethiopia.
Conclusions: In our study, minimum dietary diversity shows small increment from previous study. Screening and special emphases should be given by a health-care provider on women diet during antenatal follow-up at health-care settings. PMID: 31192011 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Impact of a 6-Month Micronutrient-Dense Plant-Rich Nutrition Intervention on Health and Well-Being at the Worksite.
Authors: Sutliffe JT, Gardner JC, Gorman MM, Carnot MJ, Wetzel WS, Fortin T, Sutliffe CA, Adams A Abstract This nonrandomized pilot study utilized the health belief model and the theory of planned behavior to assess the effectiveness of perceived behavioral control to determine the impact of a micronutrient-dense plant-rich (mNDPR) dietary intervention on employee health and wellness at the worksite. Seventy-one employees and/or spouses (≥18 years) who met the inclusion criteria were recruited from a regional medical center and a local university. Participants were provided more than 14 hours of in...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Effects of Phaseolus vulgaris Extract on Lipolytic Activity and Differentiation of 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes into Mature Adipocytes: A Strategy to Prevent Obesity.
The objective of this study was to investigate the antiobesity activity of this legume in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes and in rat white adipose tissue in an ex vivo model. Design: Mature adipocytes 3T3-L1 and rat adipose tissue were treated with bean extracts. We quantified lipolysis in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes and in rat white adipose tissue in an ex vivo model. Results: In an ex vivo assay with adipose tissue, methanolic and aqueous green bean extracts increased glycerol release to the medium compared to control (p
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Highlighting of Urinary Sodium and Potassium among Indonesian Schoolchildren Aged 9-12  Years: The Contribution of School Food.
Conclusions: Indonesian schoolchildren aged 9-12 years are categorized by excessive Na intake and very deficient K intake. The present study highlights the need for policies in the environmental school setting to reduce Na intake and K intake. PMID: 31073416 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Intestinal Permeability Measured by Urinary Sucrose Excretion Correlates with Serum Zonulin and Faecal Calprotectin Concentrations in UC Patients in Remission.
Conclusion: Serum zonulin may be a more relevant biomarker of intestinal permeability than faecal zonulin, due to its correlation with other biomarkers of intestinal permeability. UC patients in remission did not show an effect of the probiotic treatment or a change in gut permeability. This should not discourage further studies because effects might be present during active disease or shortly after a flare up. PMID: 31061734 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Impact of Successful Weight Loss Maintenance on Serum Lipids and Glucose Concentrations of Previous Participants of a Weight Loss Programme in Accra, Ghana.
Authors: Ayisi Addo S, Nti C, Vuvor F, Adjimani J, Steiner-Asiedu M Abstract Background and Aim: There is a need to investigate the long-term impact of successful weight loss maintenance on blood lipids and glucose concentrations in populations within Africa, where obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) rates are increasingly becoming a public health threat. The aim of this study was to compare the serum lipid and glucose concentrations of successful and unsuccessful weight loss maintainers who previously participated in the Nutriline Weight Loss Programme (NWLP) in Accra, Ghana. Methods: 112 participants wer...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Iodine Status in the Colombian Population and the Impact of Universal Salt Iodization: A Double-Edged Sword?
Authors: Vargas-Uricoechea H, Pinzón-Fernández MV, Bastidas-Sánchez BE, Jojoa-Tobar E, Ramírez-Bejarano LE, Murillo-Palacios J Abstract Iodine deficiency and iodine excess have severe consequences on human health and have been associated with the presence of goiter, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules and thyroid autoimmunity, poor mental health, and impaired intellectual development. Universal salt iodization programs have been considered one of the most cost-effective interventions for the prevention of iodine deficiency-associated disorders, as evidenced o...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Nutrition Knowledge and Satisfaction Levels of Postbariatric Surgery Adults in the United Arab Emirates: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Alia S, Ali HI, Zoubeidi T, Ahmed M Abstract Research assessing the nutrition knowledge of postbariatric surgery patients is limited, although this category of patients is predisposed to malnutrition. In this pilot study, we explored postbariatric nutrition knowledge, satisfaction levels with dietitian nutrition counseling, and decision to undergo bariatric surgery of 83 patients who attended a postbariatric outpatient nutrition clinic in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). A cross-sectional design involving gender-stratified random sampling method was used to recruit 83 postbariatric surgery participants. ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

The Impact of Thyme and Rosemary on Prevention of Osteoporosis in Rats.
Authors: Elbahnasawy AS, Valeeva ER, El-Sayed EM, Rakhimov II Abstract Osteoporosis poses an important public health problem which affects millions of people worldwide. There is a direct link between calcium deficiency in diet and induction of osteoporosis and bone loss. The current study was conducted to evaluate the protective effect of thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) against osteoporosis in rats with low calcium intake. Essential oils of rosemary and thyme were analyzed. The experiment was carried out on growing male Sprague-Dawley rats; the experimental animals were divided i...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Survival Status and Its Determinants among Under-Five Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition Admitted to Inpatient Therapeutic Feeding Centers in South Wollo Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia.
Authors: Hassen SL, Astatkie A, Mekonnen TC, Bogale GG Abstract Background: Under nutrition is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in under-five children in developing countries including Ethiopia. In Ethiopia, many children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are treated at inpatient therapeutic feeding centers. However, the survival status and its determinants are not well understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the survival status and its determinants among under-five children with severe acute malnutrition admitted to inpatient therapeutic feeding centers (ITFCs). Meth...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 3, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Knowledge and Utilization of Iodized Salt and Its Associated Factors at Household Level in Mecha District, Northwest Ethiopia.
Conclusion and Recommendation: Knowledge, availability, and utilization of adequately iodized salt remain very low in the district. Concerned body should improve awareness and availability of adequately iodized salt and how to utilize it properly. PMID: 31032115 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

An Assessment of the Validity of an Audio-Video Method of Food Journaling for Dietary Quantity and Quality.
Conclusions: The AV method may be a meaningful alternative to diary recording in a free-living setting. PMID: 31032116 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Association of ADRB2 rs1042713 with Obesity and Obesity-Related Phenotypes and Its Interaction with Dietary Fat in Modulating Glycaemic Indices in Malaysian Adults.
Authors: Mitra SR, Tan PY, Amini F Abstract Gene-diet interaction studies have reported that individual variations in phenotypic traits may be due to variations in individual diet. Our study aimed to evaluate (i) the association of ADRB2 rs1042713 with obesity and obesity-related metabolic parameters and (ii) the effect of dietary nutrients on these associations in Malaysian adults. ADRB2 genotyping, dietary, physical activity, anthropometric, and biochemical data were collected from 79 obese and 99 nonobese individuals. Logistic regression revealed no association between ADRB2 rs1042713 and obesity (p=0.725). Howe...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 23, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Dietary Diversity and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Shashemane, Oromia, Central Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: The study revealed that the overall consumption of adequate dietary diversity was found to be low. Developing the educational level of women, increasing household income and owning of livestock, increasing husbands' support, and improving women's participation in the shopping are recommended to improve women's adequate dietary diversity. PMID: 30993019 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 19, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Changes in Vitamin D Status in Overweight Middle-Aged Adults with or without Impaired Glucose Metabolism in Two Consecutive Nordic Summers.
Authors: Lundström P, Caidahl K, Eriksson MJ, Fritz T, Krook A, Zierath JR, Rickenlund A Abstract Background: Sun exposure is the main driver of vitamin D synthesis. High latitude, obesity, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are all risk factors for vitamin D deficiency. However, the seasonal variation in vitamin D concentrations (25[OH]D) in such populations before and after sun exposure during the summer is unknown. Therefore, we investigated 25[OH]D status before and after two consecutive summers in high latitude and its associations with body fat, sex, and glucose metabolism. Methods: 158 participants...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Awareness of Vitamin D Deficiency among the General Population in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Conclusion: This study highlighted a high level of inadequate knowledge of vitamin D deficiency among participants. There was a significant association between knowledge level and education level. The awareness of vitamin D deficiency is high regarding its benefits. The study revealed that participants who did not have children had the highest score for benefits. Nongovernment organizations and social workers may work together with government health-care organization to teach parents and children about the uses and benefits of vitamin D. PMID: 30944738 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Low Citrate Synthase Activity Is Associated with Glucose Intolerance and Lipotoxicity.
Authors: Alhindi Y, Vaanholt LM, Al-Tarrah M, Gray SR, Speakman JR, Hambly C, Alanazi BS, Gabriel BM, Lionikas A, Ratkevicius A Abstract Citrate synthase (CS) is a key mitochondrial enzyme. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that low CS activity impairs the metabolic health of mice fed a high fat diet (HFD) and promotes palmitate-induced lipotoxicity in muscle cells. C57BL/6J (B6) mice and congenic B6.A-(rs3676616-D10Utsw1)/KjnB6 (B6.A), a strain which carries the A/J allele of CS on the B6 strain background, were fed HFD (45% kcal from fat) for 12 weeks. C2C12 mouse muscle cells were used to i...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Short-Term Bixin Supplementation of Healthy Subjects Decreases the Susceptibility of LDL to Cu2+-Induced Oxidation Ex Vivo.
Authors: Conte L, Somacal S, Nichelle SM, Rampelotto C, Robalo SS, Roehrs M, Emanuelli T Abstract Lycopene-based medications and supplements have been developed to prevent atherosclerosis, primarily because of their ability to decrease low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. Bixin and norbixin are carotenoids found in the seeds of annatto (Bixa orellana) and are colorants widely used by the food industry. Some studies have already demonstrated that these compounds have antioxidant and antiatherogenic potential in vitro and in animal models, but there is no evidence supporting the effects of their long-term or shor...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Exploring Reasons for Low Attendance of Mothers to Growth Monitoring and Promotion Program at Loka Abaya District, Southern Ethiopia: Exploratory Qualitative Study.
Conclusion: Mothers showed that there was lack of knowledge about GMP. Limited community conversation and weak counseling about child nutrition as a GMP program were explored reasons for low attendance. Other reasons mentioned by the mothers were consideration of "evil eye" and method of weighing a child. Further research is needed to explore the implementation of GMP by health workers and to evaluate the extent of the identified reasons for low attendance to the GMP program by the mother. PMID: 30918722 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - March 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

A Single Dose of Goji Berries Does Not Affect Postprandial Energy Expenditure and Substrate Oxidation in Healthy, Overweight Men.
Conclusions: A single dose of Lycium barbarum does not affect postprandial energy expenditure, substrate oxidation, and markers for lipid and glucose metabolism in healthy, overweight men. PMID: 30918723 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - March 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Canadians' Dietary Intake from 2007 to 2011 and across Different Sociodemographic/Lifestyle Factors Using the Canadian Health Measures Survey Cycles 1 and 2.
Conclusion: Not all food groups measured in CHMS provide complete dietary intake data as compared to CCHS 2.2, yet CHMS food group intakes provide valuable information when it comes to evaluating dietary intake across different population groups. PMID: 30867963 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - March 16, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

A Median Analysis of Factors Influencing Body Fatness in Urban School-Age Children in Cameroon.
Authors: Niba LL, Itor PB, Aurelie YKS, Singam FM, Tange EA, Atanga MB, Navti LK Abstract Background: Childhood overweight/obesity is a fast growing public health problem in developing countries. The adverse health consequences of obesity have been attributed to higher body fat levels and this has drawn overwhelming attention towards more accurate assessment of body fat. The goal of this study is to evaluate the relationships between selected behavioral factors and percentage body fat (%BF) estimated using bioelectrical impedance analysis in school-age children. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was carried o...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

The Effect of Kelulut Honey on Fasting Blood Glucose and Metabolic Parameters in Patients with Impaired Fasting Glucose.
Conclusions: Daily intake of 30 g KH for 30 days resulted in insignificant effect on fasting glucose, fasting lipid profiles, and other metabolic parameters in patients with IFG. Further studies that employ longer study duration are needed to ascertain the finding. PMID: 30863635 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Apolipoprotein C-II Mimetic Peptide Promotes the Plasma Clearance of Triglyceride-Rich Lipid Emulsion and the Incorporation of Fatty Acids into Peripheral Tissues of Mice.
Conclusions: C-II-a peptide promotes the plasma clearance of TG-rich lipid emulsions in wild type and apoC-II mutant mice and promotes the incorporation of fatty acids from TG in the lipid emulsions into specific peripheral tissues. PMID: 30863636 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - March 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Stress during Lactation Induces Insulin Resistance Associated with an Increase in Type 1 Cannabinoid Receptors in Liver and Adipose Tissue.
In this study, we designed experiments to evaluate the effects of stress during lactation on the abundance of Type 1 cannabinoid/endocannabinoid receptors (CB1R) in epididymal fat and liver and development of insulin resistance in adult mice. During the whole lactation, male mice pups were daily subcutaneously injected (days 1-21) with a saline solution to produce a soft nociceptive stress (NS). Mice body weight and food intake were periodically evaluated. Adult animals were subsequently subjected to an insulin tolerance test and some days later sacrificed to evaluate the amount of epididymal fat and abundance of CB1R and ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - February 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

The Role of Fiber in Energy Balance.
Authors: Hervik AK, Svihus B Abstract Excessive energy intake is linked with obesity and subsequent diet-related health problems, and it is therefore a major nutritional challenge. Compared with the digestible carbohydrates starch and sugars, fiber has a low energy density and may have an attenuating effect on appetite. This narrative review attempts to clarify the net energy contributions of various fibers, and the effect of fiber on satiety and thus appetite regulation. Fibers, broadly defined as nonstarch polysaccharides, are a varied class of substances with vastly different physicochemical properties depending...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - February 27, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Postprandial Glycaemic and Insulinaemic Responses after Consumption of Activated Wheat and Triticale Grain Flakes.
Authors: Meija L, Havensone G, Lejnieks A Abstract Increasing evidence shows that whole grain consumption is protective against metabolic disorders. Protective bioactive substances of whole grains include fibre and antioxidants. Activation of grains can increase the amount of phenolic compounds and their bioavailability, but there is little evidence about their effect on glycaemic and insulinemic responses. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate glycaemic and insulinemic responses after consumption of flakes made from activated wheat and activated triticale grains. Eighteen healthy subjects (7 men and ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - February 14, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

CNDP1, NOS3, and MnSOD Polymorphisms as Risk Factors for Diabetic Nephropathy among Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Malaysia.
Authors: Yahya MJ, Ismail PB, Nordin NB, Akim ABM, Binti Md Yusuf WS, Adam NLB, Zulkifli NF Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with a high incidence of nephropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of a genetic polymorphism of carnosinase (CNDP1-D18S880 and -rs2346061), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3-rs1799983), and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD-rs4880) genes with the development of diabetic nephropathy among Malaysian type 2 diabetic patients. A case-control association study was performed using 652 T2DM patients comprising 227 Malays (without nephropath...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - February 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

The Interaction between Coffee: Caffeine Consumption, UCP2 Gene Variation, and Adiposity in Adults-A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: We showed that coffee intake was negatively correlated with adiposity, and this was independent of total caffeine intake. Additionally, we showed that the -866 G/A UCP2 gene variation influences the relationship between coffee intake and adiposity. PMID: 30719347 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - February 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Nutritional and Pharmacological Effects on Oxidative Stress in Soft Tissue and Bone Remodeling.
Authors: Savasky BM, Mascotti DP, Patel N, Rodriguez-Collazo E Abstract Oxidative damage is the causal link to a multitude of pathologies, such as diabetes, arthritis, neuropathy, heart disease, and asthma. These conditions affect hundreds of millions of people nationwide, and billions worldwide. Even in otherwise healthy individuals, oxidative stress is a natural byproduct of metabolism that is augmented in "healthy" activities such as athletics. In many disease states, the pharmacological agents used to treat these conditions can induce oxidative damage and vitamin depletion. It is underappreciated by m...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - January 30, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Relationship between Serum Vitamin D Levels and HDL Cholesterol in Postmenopausal Women from Colombian Caribbean.
Authors: Sarmiento-Rubiano LA, Angarita Ruidiaz JA, Suarez Dávila HF, Suarez Rodríguez A, Rebolledo-Cobos RC, Becerra JE Abstract Background: Previous evidence suggests that metabolic disorders in postmenopausal women could be related with low serum vitamin D levels. For example, vitamin D deficiency has been associated with increased risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), mainly those related with metabolic syndrome. Objective: To assess the relationship between the serum vitamin D (25-OH-D) levels and the metabolic syndrome markers in postmenopausal women. Methods: This descriptive a...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - January 25, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Gut Microbiota as a Prospective Therapeutic Target for Curcumin: A Review of Mutual Influence.
Conclusions: This article summarizes a range of studies that highlight the interaction between curcumin and gut microbiota and considers opportunities for microbiome-targeting therapies using turmeric extract. PMID: 30647970 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - January 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Association of Serum Alpha-Tocopherol and Retinol with the Extent of Coronary Lesions in Coronary Artery Disease.
This study aimed at investigating the relationship of the serum levels of alpha-tocopherol and retinol with the extent of coronary lesions in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods. Patients with coronary artery disease (n=177) aged 30-74 years, who underwent their first coronary angiography, were enrolled. The extent of coronary lesions was assessed using the Friesinger index (FI). Accordingly, patients were grouped as follows: FI = 0-4 (n=90), FI = 5-9 (n=50), and FI = 10-15 (n=37). Serum levels of vitamins were ‬determined via high-performance liquid chromatography and serum biochemical analysis. Results. Asse...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - January 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Tetanus Toxoid Immunization Status and Associated Factors among Mothers in Damboya Woreda, Kembata Tembaro Zone, SNNP, Ethiopia.
Conclusion: Significant proportions of the mothers were not taken at least two doses of TT vaccine which is a minimum dose to prevent maternal or neonatal tetanus. Even though most mothers had access for TT immunization service, they were not immunized with protective doses of TT vaccine. PMID: 30595915 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - January 1, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Phenolic-Rich Baccaurea angulata Modulates Inflammatory Biomarkers of Atherosclerosis.
Conclusion: This protective effect of B. angulata fruit against cardiovascular risk might be due to its polyphenol content. PMID: 30524759 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - December 15, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Maternal Nutrition Education Provided by Midwives: A Qualitative Study in an Antenatal Clinic, Uganda.
The objective of this paper is to describe the maternal nutrition education offered by midwives to women attending an antenatal clinic. The study also examined the resources, support, and the needs of the midwives in offering the nutrition education. Six in-depth interviews with the midwives, six direct structured observations of the group education, and 12 one-on-one interactions of midwife and pregnant women observations were completed. The interviews and field observation notes were typed and analyzed using the latent content analysis. The emerging themes were the maternal nutrition education and the education needs of ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - December 2, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Ghanaians Might Be at Risk of Excess Dietary Intake of Potassium Based on Food Supply Data.
The objectives of this paper were to (i) estimate the K intake of Ghanaian population using food supply and food composition data and (ii) compare this estimate with the WHO-recommended requirement for K in order to assess if there is a risk of inadequate or excess K intake. Food supply data (1961-2011) were obtained from the Food Balance Sheet (FBS) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to derive trends in food and K supply. The average food supply in the FBS for 2010 and 2011 was used in assessing the risk of inadequate or excess dietary intake of K. The K content of the food items was obtained f...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - November 14, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Zinc Deficiency and the Recurrence of Clostridium difficile Infection after Fecal Microbiota Transplant: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
Authors: Niccum BA, Stein DJ, Behm BW, Hays RA Abstract Background: Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) is an effective therapy for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). However, in 12% of patients treated with FMT, CDI recurs within one month. Zinc deficiency predicts increased diarrheal frequency in malnourished children, but little is known about its association with FMT outcome. We hypothesized that zinc levels were an independent predictor of CDI recurrence after FMT. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 80 patients (mean age, 66; 59 women) receiving FMT for CDI from 9/2013-9/2016...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - November 9, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Predictors of Stunting among School-Age Children in Northwestern Ethiopia.
Conclusion: Stunting is still an important problem among children in the age of 5-15 years. Therefore, special attention should be given to child's full immunization, limiting of family size, continued promotion of female education, and appropriate feeding practice of children depending on their age. PMID: 30327729 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - October 19, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Efficacy of an Anthocyanin and Prebiotic Blend on Intestinal Environment in Obese Male and Female Subjects.
Authors: Hester SN, Mastaloudis A, Gray R, Antony JM, Evans M, Wood SM Abstract Background: Anthocyanins and prebiotics impact overall health and wellness, likely through modulation of the microbiota and the intestinal ecosystem. Objectives: An 8-week open-label study in male and female volunteers with uncomplicated obesity was designed to study the efficacy of an anthocyanin and prebiotic blend in modulating intestinal microbiota and intestinal inflammation. Results: After 8 weeks of daily supplementation, participants had a significant decrease in Firmicutes (p
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - October 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Nitrate-Rich Fruit and Vegetable Supplement Reduces Blood Pressure in Normotensive Healthy Young Males without Significantly Altering Flow-Mediated Vasodilation: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Controlled Trial.
Authors: Sweazea KL, Johnston CS, Miller B, Gumpricht E Abstract Nitric oxide (NO) is a primary vasodilatory factor released from endothelial cells of the peripheral vasculature. NO production is stimulated through enzymatic-dependent mechanisms via NO synthase and from dietary intake of nitrate-containing foods or supplements. We evaluated the efficacy of a nitrate-rich fruit and vegetable liquid supplement (FVS, AMPED NOx, Isagenix International LLC) versus a juice low in nitrates (prune juice, PRU) on circulating nitrates/nitrites as well as cardiovascular parameters in 45 healthy normotensive men (18-40 ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - October 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Amino Acids and Inherited Amino Acid-Related Disorders.
Authors: Knerr I, Bernstein L, Crushell E, O'Sullivan S, Sass JO PMID: 30275990 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - October 3, 2018 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research