Early Cessation of Breastfeeding and Determinants: Time to Event Analysis.
Conclusions: There were notifiable variations in breastfeeding rates both in national and international levels. Nevertheless, in this study, the mean of breastfeeding duration was longer compared to a number of countries and previous national studies. PMID: 32399288 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Caesarean Section Delivery and Risk of Poor Childhood Growth.
This study assessed caesarean section delivery and the risk of poor postnatal childhood growth. Methods: A retrospective cohort study design was used to collect the requisite data on a sample of 528 mothers having children between the ages of 6 to 24 months. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. Results: After controlling for potential confounding factors, linear growth as measured by height-for-age Z-score (HAZ) was significantly higher by 0.121 standard units in children born through normal vaginal delivery, compared to their counterparts born through caesarean section (beta coef...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Role of the Synthetic B1 Vitamin Sulbutiamine on Health.
Authors: Starling-Soares B, Carrera-Bastos P, Bettendorff L Abstract Sulbutiamine is a thiamine derivative developed in Japan in the mid-60's as a beriberi treatment drug. Since then, different potential applications have been described. For instance, there is some evidence that sulbutiamine can have anti-fatigue, nootropic, and antioxidant effects, which led to its use as a sport supplement (although some authors argue it is actually a masking doping strategy). Moreover, this molecule has been proposed as a possible treatment for some microsporidial infections and even for certain types of cancer. Despite these po...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Childhood Obesity and Overweight in Ghana: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Akowuah PK, Kobia-Acquah E Abstract The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity and overweight is considered a public health issue in both developed and developing countries. This systematic review and meta-analysis estimates the prevalence of childhood obesity and overweight in Ghana. A multiple database search was conducted for articles published between January 1, 2001, and October 31, 2019, reporting the prevalence of childhood obesity and overweight in Ghana. Databases searched include PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Cochrane Library, World Health Organization (WHO) Library Information System, and ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Demographic Associations of Diabetes Status by Both Fasting Plasma Glucose Concentration and Glycated Hemoglobin in a Community Survey in Galle District, Sri Lanka.
Authors: Wasana KGP, Attanayake AP, Weerarathna TP, Ayoma Perera Wijewardana Jayatilaka K Abstract Diagnostic tools used in detecting individuals with diabetes mellitus (DM) include fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The present study was aimed to determine the demographic associations of diabetes status by both tests (FPG and HbA1C) in Galle district, Sri Lanka. 147 adults (30-60 years) who are having FPG ≥ 126 mg/dL underwent demographic evaluations and testing for HbA1C. Group 01 (diabetes status diagnosed by both tests) and ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Palm Weevil Larvae (Rhynchophorus phoenicis Fabricius) and Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato-Enriched Biscuits Improved Nutritional Status in Female Wistar Albino Rats.
Authors: Ayensu J, Larbie C, Annan RA, Lutterodt H, Edusei A, Loh SP, Asiamah EA Abstract Edible insects have emerged as an inexpensive alternative source of protein for reducing the burden of malnutrition worldwide. However, there is a dearth of evidence on its efficacy, and thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of edible insect consumption on the nutritional status of female Wistar albino rats. The study assessed the subchronic effect of palm weevil larvae (PWL) and orange-fleshed sweet potato- (OFSP-) enriched biscuits (fortified biscuits (FB), plain biscuits (PB), biscuits fortified with PWL...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Anthropometric Measurements for Identifying Diabetes and Prediabetes among Civil Servants in a Regional City of Northern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: Waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio exhibited better discriminate performance than BMI for identifying prediabetes and diabetes in women and men, respectively. PMID: 32322417 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Food Fortification: The Level of Awareness among Kenyan Consumers.
Authors: Linda AA, Kyallo F, Okoth JK, Kahenya P, Makokha A, Sila D, Mwai J Abstract More than half of the morbidity and mortality cases among children in Kenya are as a result of micronutrient deficiencies (MNDs). Food fortification is considered by the Government of Kenya as a feasible strategy for addressing MNDs. Worldwide, fortification has been proven to be effective since it does not require any change in dietary habits. Success of large-scale food fortification however may depend on consumer awareness of the fortification benefits. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 13 counties to collect information ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 25, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Digestive Fermentation, Antioxidant Status, and Haemato-Biochemical Indices of Growing Rabbits Fed on Diets Supplemented with Ziziphus spina-christi Leaf.
The objective of the study was to assess the effect of diets supplemented with Ziziphus spina-christi leaf on digestive fermentation, antioxidant status, and haemato-biochemical indices of growing rabbits. Ziziphus leaves (ZLs) of Ziziphus spina-christi were collected from Sidr trees scattered throughout the city of Medina, Saudi Arabia. Three formulated diets containing 0, 10, and 20 g Ziziphus spina-christi/Kg diet as supplementation were offered ad libitum. The organic matter content of ZL was higher. Chemical compositions were comparable in all of the contents of the tested diet. Quantities of gas released from ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 24, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Reduced Occurrence of Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Chinese Infants Fed Minimally Processed Commercially Available Formula: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study.
Authors: Sheng XY, Buthmanaban V, van Lieshout GAA, Parikh P Abstract Healthy Chinese infants consuming one of four commercially available infant formulas (IF) were assessed on the occurrence of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with suboptimal digestion of processed milk proteins. The IF differed in blocked lysine (BL) levels, a proxy indicator of heat processing as well as the nutritional quality of milk. A cross-sectional, observational study of one week was conducted in healthy, term, exclusively formula-fed Chinese infants (n = 452) fed with one of four commercially available IF (IF A n&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Educational Intervention of Intention Change for Consumption of Junk Food among School Adolescents in Birgunj Metropolitan City, Nepal, Based on Theory of Planned Behaviors.
Authors: Singh UK, Gautam N, Bhandari TR, Sapkota N Abstract Consumption of junk food among adolescents has been recognized as a serious health problem in the world. Therefore, this study aims to assess the effectiveness of an educational intervention program (interactive lecture) based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) for reducing junk food consumption among school adolescents in Birgunj Metropolitan City, Nepal. A structured questionnaire was deployed for collecting the data from four government schools. Pretest and Posttest group study design and simple random sampling techniques were used. A multiple lin...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 18, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors Associated with Adherence to Mediterranean Diet in Representative Adult Population in Casablanca City, Morocco: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Mohtadi K, Msaad R, Benalioua N, Jafri A, Meftah H, Elkardi Y, Lebrazi H, Kettani A, Derouiche A, Taki H, Saïle R Abstract Several studies had revealed that following the Mediterranean diet (MD) contributes to beneficial health status and a decreased risk of many chronic diseases. The aim of our study was to assess adherence to MD in Casablanca City and to identify the relationship between MD adherence and sociodemographic and lifestyle parameters. This cross-sectional study concerned 719 subjects with complete dietary data. Data collection was performed using a questionnaire including sociodemographi...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Hypolipidemic and Hepatoprotective Effects of High-Polydextrose Snack Food on Swiss Albino Mice.
In this study, the hepatoprotective and hypolipidemic effects of high-polydextrose snack food on Swiss albino mice were investigated. The mice were randomly divided into three groups: control diet, high-fat diet, and high-fat and fiber diet groups. Addition of high-polydextrose snack to the high-fat diet resulted in significant reduction in the liver weight, the accumulation of lipid droplets in liver, and the liver damage of hyperlipidemic mice in comparison with the high-fat diet. The high-polydextrose snack also decreased the content of total triglyceride, cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol as well as ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - April 8, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

The Influence of Nutrients on Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.
Authors: Jarmakiewicz-Czaja S, Piątek D, Filip R Abstract Inflammatory bowel diseases is a group of inflammatory diseases. The pathogenesis of diseases is multifactorial, which may include a Western-type diet. Diseases occur with periods of recurrence and remission. Many factors can have a beneficial effect on reducing the frequency of recurrence and prolonging the remission period. Such ingredients include dietary fibre, mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids, certain vitamins (D, C, and E), flavonoids, and minerals such as zinc and selenium. Properly selected nutrition might be an integral part of the treatment o...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - March 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Probiotics Fermented Bitter Melon Juice as Promising Complementary Agent for Diabetes Type 2: Study on Animal Model.
Authors: Hartajanie L, Fatimah-Muis S, Heri-Nugroho Hs K, Riwanto I, Sulchan M Abstract Background and Aim. Bitter melon (Momordica charantia/MC) contains charantin that has antidiabetic properties as an α-glucosidase inhibitor and antioxidative properties. Lactic acid fermentation using Lactobacillus fermentum LLB3 increased its antioxidative properties. The study was aimed to analyse the difference of the treatment that influences blood glucose and SOD level before and after treatment compared to acarbose. Experimental procedure. A total of 24 male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Diabetes type 2 was induced ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - March 21, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Dietary Iron Intake in Pregnant Women in Europe: A Review of 24 Studies from 14 Countries in the Period 1991-2014.
Conclusions: In Europe, the majority of pregnant women have a dietary iron intake, which is markedly below the recommended intake. This contributes to a low iron status in many pregnant women. Most guidelines do not advice routine iron supplements, while two guidelines (World Health Organization and Nordic Nutrition Recommendations) recommend routine iron supplementation during pregnancy. Within the European community, we need to reach consensus on the various guidelines and on the issue of iron supplementation. We should establish common European standardized dietary methods, uniform Dietary Reference Values, and uniform ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - March 19, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Awareness of Salt Intake among Community-Dwelling Elderly at Coastal Area: The Role of Public Health Access Program.
This study assesses salt intake in older women resident at urban coastal in Indonesia participating in the public health program. This was a cross-sectional study involving older women (56.98 ± 5.7 years) resident at urban coastal in Kenjeran, Surabaya, Indonesia. Salt intake was calculated and estimated based on 24-h urinary sodium. The mean daily salt intake was 6.16 ± 3.48 g/d; only 11.8% of subjects consumed salt intake
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - March 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

The Burden of Malnutrition among Adults Residing in Arba Minch Health and Demographic Surveillance Site (HDSS): A WHO STEPS Survey.
Conclusion: One in five adult individuals was malnourished in the study area. The double burden of malnutrition at the population level is becoming a challenge for this community, as both underweight and overweight are becoming prevalent. Sex, age, residency, educational status, current tobacco use, occupation, and wealth index were identified as important determinates of under- and overweight. PMID: 32082623 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - February 23, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Ex Vivo Study of Laban's Role in Decreasing Hemolysis Crisis in G6PD-Deficient Patients.
In conclusion, the synergy between the antioxidant properties of Laban and the possible decrease of vicine and convicine concentrations by lactobacillus found in the fermented dairy products could explain the ability of Laban to reduce the hemolysis crisis ex vivo. PMID: 32051767 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - February 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Nutrition Knowledge is Correlated with a Better Dietary Intake in Adolescent Soccer Players: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Noronha DC, Santos MIAF, Santos AA, Corrente LGA, Fernandes RKN, Barreto ACA, Santos RGJ, Santos RS, Gomes LPS, Nascimento MVS Abstract Nutrition education is one of the factors that may help to promote behavior change and therefore may improve the dietary habits of adolescent soccer players. However, information about the relationship between nutrition knowledge (NK) and the dietary behavior of these athletes is scarce. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the eating habits of adolescent soccer players and analyse the correlations among dietary intake and NK. Seventy-three Brazilian adolescent soccer...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - February 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Miso Soup Consumption Enhances the Bioavailability of the Reduced Form of Supplemental Coenzyme Q10.
Authors: Takahashi M, Nagata M, Kaneko T, Suzuki T Abstract Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an essential compound that is involved in energy production and is a lipid-soluble antioxidant. Although it has been proposed as an antiaging and a health-supporting supplement, its low bioavailability remains a significant issue. Concurrent food intake enhances the absorption of orally administered CoQ10, but it has not been fully established whether specific food substances affect intestinal CoQ10 absorption. Therefore, to determine whether the bioavailability of supplemental CoQ10 is affected by diet, P30, a granulated and reduce...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - February 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Visible Goiter among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Public Health Facilities of Debre Markos Town, East Gojjam, North West Ethiopia.
Conclusion and Recommendation: Visible goiter is a major public health problem in this study area. Low socioeconomic status, low knowledge of pregnant women about the merits of iodized salt, and frequent intake of goitrogenic foods such as cabbage increase the risk of developing visible goiter. Therefore, due emphasis on goiter prevention and control strategies, increasing knowledge of women on the benefit of iodized salt, including low-income households in safety net programs, and nutritional education on iodine-rich diets (such as tuna, dairy products, and egg) should be emphasized to alleviate the problem. PMID: 319...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - January 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Risk Factors Associated with Under-Five Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight Based on Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey Datasets in Tigray Region, Ethiopia.
Authors: Woldeamanuel BT, Tesfaye TT Abstract Background: Stunting, wasting, and underweight among children are major problems in most regions of Ethiopia, including the Tigray region. The main objective of this study was to assess the risk factors associated with stunting, wasting, and underweight of children in the Tigray region. Methods: The information collected from 1077 children born 5 years before the survey was considered in the analysis. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis was fitted to identify significant risk factors associated with stunting, wasting, and underweight. Results: Male...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - January 15, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

General and Postbariatric Nutritional Knowledge among Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery.
Conclusion: General and postbariatric nutritional knowledge among Saudi bariatric patients is currently insufficient. A multicenter study involving a larger sample size with different sociodemographic characteristics is warranted to confirm these findings. The purpose of such a study would be to determine the nutritional knowledge of patients undergoing bariatric surgery and inform the implementation of educational strategies. PMID: 31915547 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - January 11, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

A Method for the Isolation of Exosomes from Human and Bovine Milk.
Conclusion: We conclude that our robust exosome enrichment method, previously published for bovine milk, is suitable for use on human milk. PMID: 31885909 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - January 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Compliance with Weekly Iron and Folic Acid Supplementation and Its Associated Factors among Adolescent Girls in Tamale Metropolis of Ghana.
Authors: Dubik SD, Amegah KE, Alhassan A, Mornah LN, Fiagbe L Abstract Background: In Ghana, anaemia is a severe public health problem among adolescent girls. In an attempt to deal with this phenomenon, Ghana Ministry of Health in collaboration with other development partners developed and launched weekly iron and folic acid supplementation program for adolescent girls in Ghanaian junior high schools. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to determine the level of compliance with iron and folic acid supplementation (IFAS) and its associated factors among adolescent girls in the Tamale Metropolis of Ghana. M...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - January 1, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Dietary Diversity among Children Aged 6-23 Months in Aleta Wondo District, Southern Ethiopia.
Conclusions: Promoting the socioeconomic status of the community, strengthening of home gardening, involving husbands in IYCF, and enhancing maternal knowledge of IYCF may advance DD. PMID: 31815015 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - December 10, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Prevalence and Predictors of Obesity among 7- to 17-Year-Old Schoolchildren in Urban Arusha, Tanzania.
Conclusions: The prevalence of obesity was as higher as twice the prevalence observed in other previous studies in Tanzania. Being a girl, random sleeping time and random eating habit were independent predictors. In addition to larger sample sizes, longitudinal studies are needed in order to track individuals and population level trends in BMI over time. PMID: 31772772 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - November 29, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Dietary Quantity and Diversity among Anemic Pregnant Women in Madura Island, Indonesia.
This study aimed to analyze the association between dietary quantity and diversity among anemic pregnant women. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 at Madura Island, Indonesia, and involved 152 anemic pregnant women. Hemoglobin concentration was analyzed by the cyanmethemoglobin method. Dietary quantity was measured by the 2 × 24 h recall. Dietary diversity was determined by Minimum Dietary Diversity for Women of Reproductive Age (MDD-W). Spearman's rank association was performed to analyze the association between dietary diversity and quantity. The median of hemoglobin concentration...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - October 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Anthropometric Parameters in Celiac Disease: A Review on the Different Evaluation Methods and Disease Effects.
Authors: Costa A, Brito GAP Abstract This review compiled anthropometric data from 29 original articles, published between 1995 and 2015, corresponding to a total sample of 6368 celiac disease subjects. Body mass index was the main parameter for measuring anthropometry (82.1%), followed by body mass (78.6%), body fat (51.7%), bone mineral density and bone mineral content (46.4%), and fat-free mass (44.8%). The main evaluation method was dual x-ray absorptiometry (83.3%), followed by bioimpedance (16.6%), skinfold thickness (16.6%), and isotope dilution (5.5%). This compilation suggests that celiac disease patients ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - October 6, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Low Citrate Synthase Activity Is Associated with Glucose Intolerance and Lipotoxicity".
Corrigendum to "Low Citrate Synthase Activity Is Associated with Glucose Intolerance and Lipotoxicity". J Nutr Metab. 2019;2019:9153809 Authors: Alhindi Y, Vaanholt LM, Al-Tarrah M, Gray S, Speakman JR, Hambly C, Al-Anazi BS, Gabriel BM, Lionikas A, Ratkevicius A Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2019/8594825.]. PMID: 31467706 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - August 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Use of Dietary Supplements among Spanish Pediatricians in Daily Practice: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study.
Authors: Güemes Heras I, Santamaría-Orleans A, Colinas Herrero JF, Gómez Sorrigueta P, Ortiz González L, de la Iglesia-Arnaez R, Canals Baeza A Abstract A cross-sectional survey study was designed to gather information on the use of dietary supplements by Spanish pediatricians. The study questionnaire was completed by 433 pediatricians (62% men, mean age 52.5 years) throughout the country. They also provided data on 10 of their patients (n = 4304) in which synbiotics, immune stimulants, and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) had been prescribed. Synbiotics wer...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - August 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

A Gluten-Free Diet, Not an Appropriate Choice without a Medical Diagnosis.
Authors: Diez-Sampedro A, Olenick M, Maltseva T, Flowers M Abstract In the past, only people diagnosed with celiac disease, approximately 1% of the population, avoided gluten consumption through all their meals. However, popular media often now mistakenly present gluten-free foods as being a healthier choice, and more people have now concluded that gluten is a harmful part of the diet. A review of literature on gluten-free diets, gluten sensitivity, celiac disease, and attitudes toward gluten consumption was undertaken to examine the prevalence and consequences of adopting a gluten-free diet and to provide guidance...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Predictive Model for the Risk of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Children.
Authors: Mukuku O, Mutombo AM, Kamona LK, Lubala TK, Mawaw PM, Aloni MN, Wembonyama SO, Luboya ON Abstract Background: The nutritional status is the best indicator of the well-being of the child. Inadequate feeding practices are the main factors that affect physical growth and mental development. The aim of this study was to develop a predictive score of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children under 5 years of age. Methods: It was a case-control study. The case group (n = 263) consisted of children aged 6 to 59 months admitted to hospital for SAM that was defined by a z-score weight/height 
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Effects of Canned Pineapple Consumption on Nutritional Status, Immunomodulation, and Physical Health of Selected School Children".
Corrigendum to "Effects of Canned Pineapple Consumption on Nutritional Status, Immunomodulation, and Physical Health of Selected School Children". J Nutr Metab. 2019;2019:5731952 Authors: Cervo MMC, Llido LO, Barrios EB, Panlasigui LN Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/861659.]. PMID: 31354990 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 31, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Hypercysteinemia, A Potential Risk Factor for Central Obesity and Related Disorders in Azores, Portugal.
Authors: Lima A, Ferin R, Bourbon M, Baptista J, Pavão ML Abstract In Azores, the standardized mortality rate for coronary artery disease (CAD) is nearly the double when compared to mainland Portugal. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of conventional CAD risk factors, as well as the plasma aminothiol profile (and its major determinants), between two groups of healthy subjects from Ponta Delgada (in Azores) and Lisbon (in mainland) cities, searching for precocious biomarker(s) of the disease. The study groups consisted of 101 healthy volunteers from Ponta Delgada (PDL) and 121 from Lisbon, a...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 21, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Dietary Iron Intake in Women of Reproductive Age in Europe: A Review of 49 Studies from 29 Countries in the Period 1993-2015.
Conclusions: In Europe, 61-97% of women have a dietary iron intake below 15 mg/day. This contributes to a low iron status in many women. We need common European standardized dietary methods, uniform dietary reference values, and uniform statistical methods to perform intercountry comparisons. PMID: 31312532 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 18, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Breakfast Intake and Factors Associated with Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among Lebanese High School Adolescents.
Authors: Mounayar R, Jreij R, Hachem J, Abboud F, Tueni M Abstract The Mediterranean diet has shown to have positive health impacts on metabolic diseases and cognitive performance. However, Mediterranean countries have witnessed a decreased adherence during the past years and the adoption of a more westernized dietary pattern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of Mediterranean diet adherence with sociodemographic, lifestyle, and anthropometric factors among Lebanese high school adolescents. Specifically, we aimed to analyse in this group the association between low adherence and breakfast intake...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Prevalence of Malnutrition and Associated Factors among Under-Five Children in Pastoral Communities of Afar Regional State, Northeast Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among under-five children in pastoral communities of Afar Regional state, Northeast Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 840 children aged 6-59 months from March 01-25, 2017. A multistage cluster sampling method was used to select the study participants. A structured questionnaire was used and anthropometric measurements were taken to collect data. EPI Data 3.1 and SPSS version 20.0 were used for data entry and analysis, respectively. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis was...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - July 7, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Monetary Cost of the MyPlate Diet in Young Adults: Higher Expenses Associated with Increased Fruit and Vegetable Consumption.
Authors: Clark RL, Famodu OA, Barr ML, Hagedorn RL, Ruseski J, White JA, Warner CM, Morrell AM, Murray PJ, Olfert IM, McFadden JW, Downes MT, Colby SE, Olfert MD Abstract Background: Cost is a commonly reported barrier to healthy eating. This is a secondary research analysis designed to examine the food expenditures of young adults on a university campus following the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) MyPlate guidelines for fruits and vegetables. Methods: Meal receipts and dietary intake were recorded weekly. Anthropometrics and clinical assessments were recorded before intervention. Researchers ra...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Hyperuricemia in Children and Adolescents: Present Knowledge and Future Directions.
Authors: Kubota M Abstract Recent evidence suggests that hyperuricemia is an important condition in children and adolescents, particularly in association with noncommunicable diseases. This review aims to summarize our current understanding of this condition in pediatric patients. An analysis of serum uric acid reference values in a healthy population indicates that they increase gradually with age until adolescence, with differences between the sexes arising at about 12 years of age. This information should be taken into consideration when defining hyperuricemia in studies. Gout is extremely rare in childre...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Awareness of the Consumption of Dietary Supplements among Students in a University in Saudi Arabia.
Authors: AlTamimi JZ Abstract The dietary supplement market in Saudi Arabia is growing alongside the number of Saudis consuming dietary supplements. It is therefore increasingly important for healthcare personnel to understand the consumption rate of dietary supplements, whether they are used wisely, and the know-how concerning their use and dosage. The purpose of this study was to clarify the overall awareness of dietary supplement consumption among female students of Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Using a descriptive approach, data were collected from 759 female students (mean ...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Factors Associated with High Sodium Intake Assessed from 24-hour Urinary Excretion and the Potential Effect of Energy Intake.
Authors: Othman F, Ambak R, Siew Man C, Mohd Zaki NA, Ahmad MH, Abdul Aziz NS, Baharuddin A, Salleh R, Aris T Abstract Dietary consumption and other environmental factors are known factors associated with sodium intake. However, little is known about the influence of energy intake on this relationship. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with high sodium intake assessed from urine sodium excretion and the influence of energy intake. A nationwide, cross-sectional study was conducted from 2015 to 2016 among Malaysian health staff (MySalt 2015). A total of 1027 participants from 1568 tar...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Minimum Dietary Diversity Score and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women at Alamata General Hospital, Raya Azebo Zone, Tigray Region, Ethiopia.
Conclusions: In our study, minimum dietary diversity shows small increment from previous study. Screening and special emphases should be given by a health-care provider on women diet during antenatal follow-up at health-care settings. PMID: 31192011 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 15, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Impact of a 6-Month Micronutrient-Dense Plant-Rich Nutrition Intervention on Health and Well-Being at the Worksite.
Authors: Sutliffe JT, Gardner JC, Gorman MM, Carnot MJ, Wetzel WS, Fortin T, Sutliffe CA, Adams A Abstract This nonrandomized pilot study utilized the health belief model and the theory of planned behavior to assess the effectiveness of perceived behavioral control to determine the impact of a micronutrient-dense plant-rich (mNDPR) dietary intervention on employee health and wellness at the worksite. Seventy-one employees and/or spouses (≥18 years) who met the inclusion criteria were recruited from a regional medical center and a local university. Participants were provided more than 14 hours of in...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Effects of Phaseolus vulgaris Extract on Lipolytic Activity and Differentiation of 3T3-L1 Preadipocytes into Mature Adipocytes: A Strategy to Prevent Obesity.
The objective of this study was to investigate the antiobesity activity of this legume in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes and in rat white adipose tissue in an ex vivo model. Design: Mature adipocytes 3T3-L1 and rat adipose tissue were treated with bean extracts. We quantified lipolysis in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes and in rat white adipose tissue in an ex vivo model. Results: In an ex vivo assay with adipose tissue, methanolic and aqueous green bean extracts increased glycerol release to the medium compared to control (p
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - June 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Highlighting of Urinary Sodium and Potassium among Indonesian Schoolchildren Aged 9-12  Years: The Contribution of School Food.
Conclusions: Indonesian schoolchildren aged 9-12 years are categorized by excessive Na intake and very deficient K intake. The present study highlights the need for policies in the environmental school setting to reduce Na intake and K intake. PMID: 31073416 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 12, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Intestinal Permeability Measured by Urinary Sucrose Excretion Correlates with Serum Zonulin and Faecal Calprotectin Concentrations in UC Patients in Remission.
Conclusion: Serum zonulin may be a more relevant biomarker of intestinal permeability than faecal zonulin, due to its correlation with other biomarkers of intestinal permeability. UC patients in remission did not show an effect of the probiotic treatment or a change in gut permeability. This should not discourage further studies because effects might be present during active disease or shortly after a flare up. PMID: 31061734 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Impact of Successful Weight Loss Maintenance on Serum Lipids and Glucose Concentrations of Previous Participants of a Weight Loss Programme in Accra, Ghana.
Authors: Ayisi Addo S, Nti C, Vuvor F, Adjimani J, Steiner-Asiedu M Abstract Background and Aim: There is a need to investigate the long-term impact of successful weight loss maintenance on blood lipids and glucose concentrations in populations within Africa, where obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) rates are increasingly becoming a public health threat. The aim of this study was to compare the serum lipid and glucose concentrations of successful and unsuccessful weight loss maintainers who previously participated in the Nutriline Weight Loss Programme (NWLP) in Accra, Ghana. Methods: 112 participants wer...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research

Iodine Status in the Colombian Population and the Impact of Universal Salt Iodization: A Double-Edged Sword?
Authors: Vargas-Uricoechea H, Pinzón-Fernández MV, Bastidas-Sánchez BE, Jojoa-Tobar E, Ramírez-Bejarano LE, Murillo-Palacios J Abstract Iodine deficiency and iodine excess have severe consequences on human health and have been associated with the presence of goiter, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules and thyroid autoimmunity, poor mental health, and impaired intellectual development. Universal salt iodization programs have been considered one of the most cost-effective interventions for the prevention of iodine deficiency-associated disorders, as evidenced o...
Source: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism - May 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Tags: J Nutr Metab Source Type: research