Treating Alcohol Use Disorder in U.S. Veterans: The Role of Traumatic Brain Injury.
CONCLUSIONS: Intensive outpatient programs are efficacious alternatives to treat AUD in veterans, although the role of pharmacological treatment is not completely elucidated. Glutamatergic agents appear to be less effective than opiate antagonists to prevent relapse to heavy drinking and to increase cumulative abstinence. Future studies should examine novel pharmacological and nonpharmacological options. PMID: 31117905 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Ages at Onset of Anxiety and Depressive Disorders in Parkinson's Disease.
Authors: Seritan AL, Rienas C, Duong T, Delucchi K, Ostrem JL Abstract OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a quintessential neuropsychiatric condition in which anxiety and depressive symptoms are common and may precede motor manifestations. The authors explored the ages at onset of anxiety and depressive disorders among patients with PD evaluated by psychiatrists at a deep brain stimulation center. METHODS: Psychiatric diagnoses and ages at onset were collected via clinical interviews. The ages at PD diagnosis were ascertained by chart review. Onset ages for anxiety and depressive disorders (overall and for ...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Hiding in Plain Sight: Functional Neurological Disorders in the News.
CONCLUSIONS: Functional neurological disorders are often wrongly considered a rare medical curiosity of the past. However, these findings suggest that, while they are largely absent from public discourse, they often appear in the news incognito, hiding in plain sight. PMID: 31117907 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Association of Working Memory With Distributed Executive Control Networks in Schizophrenia.
CONCLUSIONS: These results provide supporting evidence for the multicomponent model of working memory in terms of the biology underlying MCCB findings. PMID: 31117908 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - May 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

A Continuous Clustering Algorithm for Detection of Local Sleep in Humans.
CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals evidence of local sleep during the wake state in humans. PMID: 31046590 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - May 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Impaired Empathy Versus General Hypoemotionality in Frontotemporal Dementia.
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that patients with bvFTD have decreased empathic behavior with or without emotional blunting, and they exhibit decreased psychophysiological responses to empathy stimuli, independent of general emotion. These preliminary findings suggest a specific impairment in emotional empathy, possibly related to impairment of the emotional appraisal role of the dACC. PMID: 31046591 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - May 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Long-Standing Psychiatric Features as the Only Clinical Presentation of Vanishing White Matter Disease.
Authors: Accogli A, Brais B, Tampieri D, La Piana R PMID: 31046592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - May 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Association of COMT Val158Met Polymorphism With Delirium Risk and Outcomes After Traumatic Brain Injury.
Authors: Nekrosius D, Kaminskaite M, Jokubka R, Pranckeviciene A, Lideikis K, Tamasauskas A, Bunevicius A Abstract OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated the association of the catechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT) gene Val158Met polymorphism with delirium risk and functional and cognitive outcomes among patients with complicated mild to moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: In a prospective observational cohort study, patients were monitored for occurrence of delirium during the first 4 days of admission by using the Confusion Assessment Method. Functional and cognitive outcomes were evaluated with the Gl...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - May 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Low-Frequency Right Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for the Treatment of Depression After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Sham-Controlled Pilot Study.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the observed effects of LFR rTMS over the right DLPFC in TBI depression and co-occurring neuropsychiatric symptoms are small, at best, and, preliminarily, that low-frequency right DLPFC stimulation has limited potential in this patient population. However, studies employing different rTMS parameters (e.g., type, location, frequency, duration) or other participant characteristics (e.g., TBI severity, chronicity, comorbidity, concurrent treatment) may potentially yield different responses. PMID: 31018810 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and C...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Anger and Depression in Middle-Aged Men: Implications for a Clinical Diagnosis of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy.
Authors: Iverson GL, Terry DP, Luz M, Zafonte R, McCrory P, Solomon GS, Gardner AJ Abstract OBJECTIVE: In recent years, it has been proposed that problems with anger control and depression define clinical features of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The authors examined anger problems and depression in middle-aged men from the general population and related those findings to the proposed clinical criteria for CTE. METHODS: A sample of 166 community-dwelling men ages 40-60 was extracted from the normative database of the National Institutes of Health Toolbox. All participants denied prior head injury or t...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Cognitive Impairment and Predicting Response to Treatment in an Intensive Clinical Program for Post-9/11 Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.
This study examined whether objectively measured pretreatment cognitive impairment predicted worse response to treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder. Participants were 113 veterans and active duty service members who participated in a new multidisciplinary 2-week intensive clinical program that included individual trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy, group psychotherapy, psychoeducation, skills-building groups, and complementary and alternative medicine treatments (mean age: 39.7 years [SD=8.5]; 20% women). METHODS: Prior to treatment, participants completed a brief computerized cognitive battery (CNS Vit...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Moral Injury and PTSD: Often Co-Occurring Yet Mechanistically Different.
Authors: Barnes HA, Hurley RA, Taber KH PMID: 31012825 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - April 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

The Last Witness to Creation: A Case of Charles Bonnet Syndrome.
Authors: Ramírez-Bermúdez J PMID: 31012826 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - April 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: A Clinical Perspective.
Authors: Filley CM, Arciniegas DB, Brenner LA, Anderson CA, Kelly JP PMID: 31012827 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - April 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Long-Term Neuropsychological and Psychiatric Outcomes in Susac's Syndrome.
Authors: Bolton C, Lacy M PMID: 31012828 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - April 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Individualized Connectome-Targeted Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Neuropsychiatric Sequelae of Repetitive Traumatic Brain Injury in a Retired NFL Player.
CONCLUSIONS:: These results highlight the possibility of individualized neuromodulation and biomarker-based monitoring for neuropsychiatric sequelae of repetitive TBI. PMID: 30945588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - April 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Neuroprotective Benefits of Antidepressants in Multiple Sclerosis: Are We Missing the Mark?
Authors: Grech LB, Butler E, Stuckey S, Hester R Abstract The potential of antidepressant medication to have a neuroprotective effect for people with multiple sclerosis (MS) has received increased interest in recent years. The possibility of antidepressants, particularly fluoxetine, for potential repurposing to treat primary progressive and secondary progressive MS is of interest as a result of the relative lack of disease-modifying medications for these subtypes. A number of animal studies have found positive results for a neuroprotective effect of antidepressant use in MS, with human studies showing mixed results...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - April 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

An Investigation Into Response Inhibition in Distinct Clinical Groups Within Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
CONCLUSIONS:: On the basis of these results, it would seem unlikely that symptom clusters have contributed to previous inconsistencies in the literature. Comorbid depression, which may have affected previous results, should be considered in future research. PMID: 30888920 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - March 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Biomarkers of Autoimmunity in Acute Psychiatric Disorders.
CONCLUSIONS:: Autoimmune autoantibodies seem to be equally prevalent in patients with acute psychiatric conditions with and without psychotic and affective disorders. This result challenges the idea that these autoantibodies have specificity for certain psychiatric disorders. PMID: 30888921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - March 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

SHANK3 Mutation and Mosaic Turner Syndrome in a Female Patient With Intellectual Disability and Psychiatric Features.
Authors: Accogli A, Yang R, Blain-Juste ME, Braverman N, Shah J, Trakadis Y PMID: 30888922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - March 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Progressive Dementia Revealing an Atypical Encephalitis: Neuroimaging Aspects.
Authors: Makhtar Ba EH, Guerrier L, Benaiteau M, Rigal E, Mirabel H, Perez F, Salleles E, Martin-Blondel G, Pariente J PMID: 30848988 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - March 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Systematic Literature Review of Quetiapine for the Treatment of Psychosis in Patients With Parkinsonism.
CONCLUSIONS:: The efficacy of quetiapine in RCTs for psychosis in parkinsonism is no better than that for placebo or clozapine. On the basis of novel data, clinicians should reevaluate traditional viewpoints on the benefits of quetiapine for psychosis in parkinsonism. PMID: 30848989 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - March 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

The ALPIM (Anxiety, Laxity, Pain, Immune, and Mood) Syndrome in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Cohort Study.
Authors: Singh D, Rocio Martinez W, Anand N, Pinkhasov A, Calixte R, Bulbena A, Coplan JD Abstract OBJECTIVE:: ALPIM (anxiety, laxity, pain, immune, and mood) syndrome has been previously described in adults. The authors aimed to identify its occurrence in adolescents and confirm its existence in adults. Given the association of the disorder with somatic symptoms, separation anxiety disorder (SAD) was explored as an ALPIM comorbidity. METHODS:: Medical records of patients aged 11-34 with a diagnosis of depression or anxiety (panic disorder, SAD, social anxiety or generalized anxiety disorder) seen during a 1-ye...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - February 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Deep Brain Stimulation and Cognitive Outcomes Among Patients With Parkinson's Disease: A Historical Cohort Study.
CONCLUSIONS:: GPi may be a preferred target for DBS in patients with Parkinson's disease when considering cognitive outcomes. PMID: 30791806 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - February 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Neurodegenerative Dementias: Improving Brain Health to Decrease Risk.
Authors: Bateman JR, Hurley RA, Taber KH PMID: 30686211 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - January 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Brain MR Radiomics to Differentiate Cognitive Disorders.
CONCLUSIONS:: MR radiomics may be a promising tool to classify various cognitive groups. PMID: 30636564 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Pharmacotherapy Effectiveness in Treating Depression After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS:: This meta-analysis tentatively supports the view that pharmacological treatment may be effective in reducing depressive symptoms in those with depression following TBI. However, evidence from randomized controlled trials alone demonstrated no beneficial effect. The limitations are also discussed. PMID: 30636565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

The Role of White Matter Dysfunction in a Case of Mania Following Left Temporal Lobectomy.
Authors: Tayeb HO, Alghamdi J, Daghistani R PMID: 30605360 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

The Neural Correlates of Impaired Self-Monitoring Among Individuals With Neurodegenerative Dementias.
CONCLUSIONS:: These results suggest that patients with dementia present decreased ability of self-monitoring, probably due to impaired insula and orbitofrontal cortex and their disconnection from structures of the salience network. PMID: 30605361 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - January 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Functional and Structural Connectivity of the Cerebellar Nuclei With the Striatum and Cerebral Cortex in First-Episode Psychosis.
Conclusions: This study provides evidence of disordered RSFC of cerebellar output nuclei to the striatum and neocortex at the early stage of schizophrenia. Furthermore, dysfunctional cerebellar influences on fronto-parietal areas that are independent of striatal dysfunction in patients with FEP were observed. The results suggest that cortico-striatal abnormalities in patients with FEP are produced by abnormal cerebellar influences. PMID: 30561280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - December 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Delusional Misidentification Syndrome: Phantom Boarder Syndrome Presenting With Intact General Cognition and Functional Brain Imaging Evidence of Bilateral Posterior and Orbitofrontal Hypometabolism.
Authors: Lek SJ, Trinh S, Gavito-Higuera J, Salazar R PMID: 30561281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - December 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Improves Executive Function and Music Rhythm.
Authors: Padala KP, Hunter CR, Parkes CM, Lensing SY, Padala PR PMID: 30561282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - December 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis: A Review of Psychiatric Phenotypes and Management Considerations: A Report of the American Neuropsychiatric Association Committee on Research.
CONCLUSIONS:: On the basis of these findings, it is important to consider anti-NMDAR encephalitis in the differential diagnosis of patients with an acute onset psychosis, especially in association with agitation, catatonia, or adverse response to antipsychotics. Furthermore, it is important to use antipsychotics with caution in patients with suspected or confirmed anti-NMDAR encephalitis. PMID: 30561283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - December 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Deficits in Emotion Recognition as Markers of Frontal Behavioral Dysfunction in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
Authors: Martins AP, Prado LGR, Lillo P, Mioshi E, Teixeira AL, de Souza LC Abstract OBJECTIVE:: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease with prominent motor symptoms. Patients with ALS may also manifest frontal behavior symptoms and cognitive decline, including impairment in facial emotion recognition. The authors aimed to investigate whether deficits in emotion recognition were associated with frontal behavior symptoms in ALS. METHODS:: Participants were patients with probable or definite sporadic ALS (N=21; male:female ratio, 11:10; median age, 62 years; median disease duration, 3 ...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - December 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Repetitive Behaviors in Frontotemporal Dementia: Compulsions or Impulsions?
CONCLUSIONS:: These findings suggest that the repetitive behaviors in bvFTD are repetitive impulsions, possibly from specific involvement of frontostriatal-anterior temporal pathology. PMID: 30537913 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - December 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Are Traumatic Brain Injuries Associated With Criminality After Taking Account of Childhood Family Social Status and Disruptive Behaviors?
CONCLUSIONS:: Among males, there was no evidence that prior TBIs were associated with an increased risk of subsequent criminal convictions from age 12 to age 24 when taking account of FSS and childhood disruptive behaviors, although these latter factors may be associated with an increased prevalence of TBIs among adult offenders. PMID: 30537914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - December 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Brain Volumetric Correlates of Right Unilateral Versus Bitemporal Electroconvulsive Therapy for Treatment-Resistant Depression.
Authors: Cano M, Lee E, Cardoner N, Martínez-Zalacaín I, Pujol J, Makris N, Henry M, Via E, Hernández-Ribas R, Contreras-Rodríguez O, Menchón JM, Urretavizcaya M, Soriano-Mas C, Camprodon JA Abstract The selection of a bitemporal (BT) or right unilateral (RUL) electrode placement affects the efficacy and side effects of ECT. Previous studies have not entirely described the neurobiological underpinnings of such differential effects. Recent neuroimaging research on gray matter volumes is contributing to our understanding of the mechanism of action of ECT and could clarify the differ...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - November 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Profile of Anger in Acute Stroke: A Multifactorial Model of Anger Determinants.
Authors: Santos AC, Ferro JM Abstract Higher levels of anger can have a major impact on treatment and recovery among stroke patients. The authors identified the presence of anger in patients with acute stroke, as well as state and trait anger and anger expression and control, and analyzed its association with demographic, clinical, brain lesion, and psychosocial variables. The authors screened anger prospectively in 114 consecutive patients by using the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2, which enabled them to distinguish between the experience, expression, and control of anger. State anger was detected in 21...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - November 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Poststroke Delirium Clinical Motor Subtypes: The PRospective Observational POLIsh Study (PROPOLIS).
Authors: Pasinska P, Kowalska K, Klimiec E, Wilk A, Szyper-Maciejowska A, Dziedzic T, Klimkowicz-Mrowiec A Abstract Although delirium is the most common neurobehavioral complication after stroke, its motor subtypes-hypoactive, hyperactive, mixed, and none-as well as their risk factors are not well characterized. Motor subtypes influence recognition and prognosis of delirium in hospitalized patients. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the frequency of poststroke delirium subtypes and to describe their predictive models. Consecutive patients with stroke were screened for delirium with the Confusion Asses...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - November 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Utility of the Clock Drawing Test in the Assessment of Catatonia.
Authors: Medina M, Cooper JJ PMID: 30404532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - November 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Bifrontal Hypermetabolism on Brain FDG-PET in a Case of C9orf72-Related Behavioral Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia.
Authors: Levy JP, Bocti C, Elie D, Paquet N, Soucy JP, Ducharme S PMID: 30404533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - November 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Retrograde Autobiographical Memory From PTA Emergence to Six-Month Follow-Up in Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.
Authors: Roberts CM, Spitz G, Mundy M, Ponsford JL Abstract The overwhelming focus of research on memory following traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been on anterograde amnesia, and very little attention has been paid to retrograde amnesia. There is evidence to suggest that retrograde autobiographical memory deficits exist after severe TBI, although there have been no prospective studies of autobiographical memory in a representative sample of moderate to severe cases recruited from hospital admissions. The purpose of the present study was to report changes in autobiographical memory performance among a group of pat...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - November 9, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Fearful Attachment Linked to Childhood Abuse, Alexithymia, and Depression in Motor Functional Neurological Disorders.
Authors: Williams B, Ospina JP, Jalilianhasanpour R, Fricchione GL, Perez DL Abstract Insecure attachment is a predisposing risk factor for the development of functional neurological disorder (FND). There is limited research investigating connections between attachment styles, other predisposing vulnerabilities, and symptom severity in patients with motor FND. By using a within-group design with prospective data collection, the authors performed univariate tests followed by multivariate linear regressions to investigate neuropsychiatric factors associated with four attachment styles (secure, fearful, preoccupied, a...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

The Psychiatric Phenotype of Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis.
Authors: Gibson LL, Pollak TA, Blackman G, Thornton M, Moran N, David AS Abstract In its early stages, anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is often characterized by prominent psychiatric manifestations that can lead to delays in diagnosis and treatment. The authors aimed to address this problem by providing a detailed description of the psychiatric phenotype and demographic features that may influence presentation. Eighty-six patients with positive serum NMDAR antibodies were identified, 22 of whom met diagnostic criteria for anti-NMDAR encephalitis. Medical notes were reviewed retrospectively t...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Kl ├╝ver-Bucy Syndrome Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Synthesis and Review of Pharmacological Treatment From Cases in Adolescents and Adults.
Klüver-Bucy Syndrome Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Synthesis and Review of Pharmacological Treatment From Cases in Adolescents and Adults. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2018 Oct 31;:appineuropsych18050112 Authors: Clay FJ, Kuriakose A, Lesche D, Hicks AJ, Zaman H, Azizi E, Ponsford JL, Jayaram M, Hopwood M Abstract Klüver-Bucy syndrome (KBS) is a rare clinical presentation following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Symptoms include visual agnosia, placidity, hyperorality, sexual hyperactivity, changes in dietary behavior, and hypermetamorphosis. The purpose of this article wa...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - November 2, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Poststroke Depression: Contributions From Network Science.
Authors: Lisle BN, Hurley RA, Taber KH PMID: 30351997 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - October 25, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Strong Association Between Migraine and Transient Global Amnesia: A National Inpatient Sample Analysis.
Authors: Yi M, Sherzai AZ, Ani C, Shavlik D, Ghamsary M, Lazar E, Sherzai D Abstract The purpose of this article was to explore sex- and race-specific variables and comorbidities associated with transient global amnesia (TGA) using a nationally representative database. Data were obtained from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample using ICD-9 and procedure codes. Descriptive and survey logistic regression analyses were conducted and adjusted for influence of comorbidities, demographic characteristics, and hospitalization-related factors. Patients with migraines were 5.98 times more likely to also have a diagnosis of TGA c...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - October 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Why We Still Use "Organic Causes": Results From a Survey of Psychiatrists and Residents.
Why We Still Use "Organic Causes": Results From a Survey of Psychiatrists and Residents. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2018 Oct 11;:appineuropsych18050099 Authors: Benrimoh D, Pomerleau VJ, Demoustier A, Poulin S, Maltais JR, Brouillette J, Ducharme S Abstract The diagnostic category of "organic disorders" was officially removed from the psychiatric nosology in DSM-IV, published in 1994. Despite this change, physicians continue to use the term "organic causes" to refer to medical and neurological causes of psychiatric symptoms, and it remains part of the ICD-10 classifi...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - October 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Brain Structural and Amyloid Correlates of Recovery From Semantic Interference in Cognitively Normal Individuals With or Without Family History of Late-Onset Alzheimer's Disease.
Authors: Abulafia C, Loewenstein D, Curiel-Cid R, Duarte-Abritta B, Sánchez SM, Vigo DE, Castro MN, Drucaroff LJ, Vázquez S, Sevlever G, Nemeroff CB, Guinjoan SM, Villarreal MF Abstract Failure to recover from proactive semantic interference (frPSI) has been shown to be more sensitive than traditional cognitive measures in different populations with preclinical Alzheimer's disease. The authors sought to characterize the structural and amyloid in vivo correlates of frPSI in cognitively normal offspring of patients with late-onset Alzheimer's disease (O-LOAD), compared with individuals without a family ...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - October 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Continuing Clozapine Treatment in Acute Psychosis With Neutropenia.
Authors: Liao PC, Chung KH PMID: 30282512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - October 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research