The dosimetric benefit of in ‐advance respiratory training for deep inspiration breath holding is realized during daily treatment in left breast radiotherapy: A comparative retrospective study of serial surface motion tracking
ConclusionSimilar stability of daily DIBH among patients with and without preparatory training/practice suggests that the training ‐induced extended DIBH and cardiac dose reductions were effectively sustained throughout the radiotherapy course. Training further reduced beyond‐tolerance chestwall excursions, particularly in patients with cardiopulmonary disease. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 4, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Alan M Kalet, Aileen Kim, Daniel S Hippe, Simon S Lo, L Christine Fang, Juergen Meyer, Elvira V Lang, Nina A Mayr Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Victoria (Australia) radiotherapy response to working through the first and second wave of COVID ‐19: Strategies and staffing
ConclusionStaff provided predominantly positive feedback to the changes made in response to the pandemic, reporting high levels of happiness and willingness to continue with the changes implemented during COVID ‐19. The strategies adopted worked well and the overall high levels of staff satisfaction will allow our service to quickly pivot should further surges, or another pandemic, arise. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 28, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Kym Rykers, Mark Tacey, Jack Bowes, Kerryn Brown, Eva Yuen, Carlene Wilson, Richard Khor, Farshad Foroudi Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Stereotactic body radiotherapy in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma: An Australian multi ‐institutional patterns of practice review
ConclusionSBRT utilisation for HCC is increasing in Australia. There was wide variation in size of tumours and disease stages treated, and prescription patterns. Uniform reporting of clinical and dosimetric details are important in refining the role of liver SBRT. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 23, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Howard Yu ‐hao Liu, Yoo‐young Dominique Lee, Swetha Sridharan, Ee Siang Choong, Hien Le, Wei Wang, Richard Khor, Julie Chu, Andrew Oar, Rebekah Mott, Joanne Smart, Trish Jenkins, Nigel Anderson, Shamira Cross, Kee Fong Loo, Alan Wigg, Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Lu177 ‐PSMA therapy for men with advanced prostate cancer: 18 months survival analysis in a single Australian tertiary institution
AbstractIntroductionRadioligand therapies, or ‘theranostics’, have an emerging role in patients with metastatic castration‐resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Lutetium‐177 (Lu), targeting prostate‐specific membrane antigen (PSMA), has demonstrated promising outcomes including reduced disease progression and improved overall survival. W e aim to determine overall survival demonstrated by our LuPSMA patient cohort to date.MethodsKaplan –Meier survival analysis and log‐rank test were performed on all LuPSMA therapy patients with at least 12 months of follow‐up data available (n = 68)....
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 23, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Annaleis Tatkovic, Rhiannon McBean, David Wong Tags: Medical Imaging —Radiation Oncology—Original Article Source Type: research

Radiological and pathological correlation of a rare case of primary breast follicular lymphoma in a male patient, presenting as gynaecomastia
We present an exceptionally rare case of primary breast follicular lymphoma in a male patient, who presented to us with gynaecomastia for investigation. To our knowledge there have only been two other cases published in the literature to date. In Western Australia, there have been no cases in at least the past 10  years. This particular case highlights the importance of radiological and pathological correlation in making the diagnosis, particularly in the assessment of breast lumps in a male patient, where imaging and clinical findings alone could not make the diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 22, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Fionn Coughlan, Anmol Rijhumal, Deepthi Dissanayake, Elizabeth Wylie Tags: Medical Imaging —Case Letter Source Type: research

Dosimetric and clinical outcomes of SpaceOAR in men undergoing external beam radiation therapy for localized prostate cancer: A systematic review
The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate controlled studies on the dosimetric and clinical outcomes of SpaceOAR in men undergoing external beam radiation therapy for localized prostate cancer. Eight studies were included in the review. All of the studies showed SpaceOAR to reduce the radiation dose volume to the rectum over numerous dosimetry levels. Of the four studies that assessed toxicity, one reported SpaceOAR to significantly decrease acute Grade 1 diarrhoea and two reported SpaceOAR to significantly decrease late Grade 1 and Grade ≥2 rectal toxicities. Two studies assessed cumulative incidence of t...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 15, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Mustufa Babar, Alan Katz, Michael Ciatto Tags: Radiation Oncology —Review Article Source Type: research

Beware the clip! Breast marker clip damage during vacuum ‐assisted excision biopsy
(Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 15, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Donna B Taylor, Benjamin F Dessauvagie Tags: Medical Imaging —Case Letter Source Type: research

Neoadjuvant radiotherapy for locally advanced and high ‐risk breast cancer
ConclusionNeoadjuvant radiotherapy facilitates a single ‐stage surgical procedure with mastectomy and immediate autologous BR, eliminating the delay to reconstructive surgery and thus shortening a woman’s breast cancer journey. The findings of this review support the use of NART, with comparable rates of surgical complications to standard sequencing. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 7, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Phoebe Chidley, Farshad Foroudi, Mark Tacey, Richard Khor, Janice Yeh, Elaine Bevington, Anthony Hyett, Su Wen Loh, Grace Chew, James McCracken, Derek Neoh, Belinda Yeo, Caroline Baker, Sunil Jassal, Michael Law, Natalie Zantuck, Margaret Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Cardiovascular clips in the chest
(Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 4, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Daniel Morcos, Kenneth K Lau Tags: Medical Imaging —Letter To The Editor Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 2, 2021 Category: Radiology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Factors predicting positive CT mesenteric angiography results in lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage prior to consideration of intra ‐arterial angio‐embolisation
This study aimed to identify objective factors that may predict scan outcomes.MethodsIn this retrospective cohort study, all patients undergoing CTMA for LGIH at Monash Health from January 2011 to December 2019 (n = 854) were included. Baseline patient characteristics included age, bowel resection/endoscopic intervention within the past 14 days, known bowel malignancy, anticoagulant/antiplatelet use, duration of symptoms, vital signs, transfusion requirements in the past 24 h and investigation results (r ecent haemoglobin levels, platelet count, international normalised ratio and creatinine levels). Uni...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 29, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Rohan Stuart Smith, Stephanie Wei Jia Tan, Genevieve Ann Heath ‐Kalgutkar, Vu Hoang Tran, Ashray Rajagopalan, Tim Buckenham Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

An MRI framework for respiratory motion modelling validation
ConclusionsResults suggest the potential of the proposed framework in evaluating global motion models for organ motion management in MRI ‐guided radiotherapy. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 27, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Giorgia Meschini, Chiara Paganelli, Alessandro Vai, Giulia Fontana, Silvia Molinelli, Andrea Pella, Viviana Vitolo, Amelia Barcellini, Ester Orlandi, Mario Ciocca, Marco Riboldi, Guido Baroni Tags: Medical Imaging —Radiation Oncology—Original Article Source Type: research

MR imaging features of multiple biliary hamartomas (Von Meyenburg Complex): A pictorial review and differential diagnosis
SummaryBiliary hamartomas (BHs) are rare malformative cystic/cystic ‐like lesions of the liver affecting the biliary tree, named after Hanns von Meyenburg who described them for the first time and still known with this eponym to this day. They usually lack clinical symptoms, and abnormalities in liver function tests are unusual; thus, it is typically an incidental finding of liver imaging. Despite being benign lesions, BHs can pose clinical challenges; the first one is differential diagnosis with other more relevant pathological conditions. Therefore, knowledge of MR imaging findings of BHs is helpful for a prompt and co...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 26, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Piero Boraschi, Paola Scalise, Gaia Tarantini, Piero Colombatto, Francescamaria Donati Tags: Medical Imaging —Pictorial Essay Source Type: research

An atypically located pleomorphic adenoma: Radiological and pathological correlation
We report a case of an atypically located pleomorphic adenoma with radiologic ‐pathologic correlation in an asymptomatic 63‐year‐old woman. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 26, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Joelin Teh, Ben Dessauvagie, Meredith Kessell, Deepthi Dissanayake, Elizabeth J Wylie Tags: Medical Imaging —Case Letter Source Type: research

Assessment of short ‐term response and review of technique of ultrasound‐guided percutaneous A1 pulley release for the treatment of trigger finger
ConclusionUS ‐guided percutaneous release of the A1 pulley is an effective procedure in achieving at least short‐term resolution of trigger finger. It is best reserved for fingers due to the challenging anatomy of the thumb. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 22, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Roland Z White, Matthew J Sampson Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Endometrial osseous metaplasia in a patient with secondary infertility referred for hysterosalpingogram with ultrasound
SummaryEndometrial osseous metaplasia is a rare entity resulting in the formation of trabecular bone fragments within the uterine cavity and frequently presents as secondary infertility with a history of previous pregnancy loss or termination. The unusual transvaginal ultrasound appearances are important to recognise, as fertility is often restored after hysteroscopic removal of the bone fragments from the uterine cavity. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 18, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Jane Peart, Sunil Pillay Tags: Medical Imaging —Case Letter Source Type: research

Safety and utility of performing CT ‐guided biopsies of pulmonary lesions that arise after radiotherapy
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, safety and usefulness of performing computed tomography (CT) ‐guided biopsies of pulmonary lesions that arise after radiotherapy. Seventeen patients (14 males and 3 females; median age: 69 years, range: 48–84 years) underwent CT‐guided biopsies of pulmonary lesions that occurred in lung regions that had previously been treated with radiotherapy. Three patients underwent CT‐guided biopsies twice, and thus, the total number of procedures was 20. We reviewed the subjects’ medical records and images, and evaluated the rate for obtaining pathological diag...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 18, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Kengo Ohta, Masashi Shimohira, Hiroyuki Ogino, Keiichi Nagai, Yusuke Sawada, Keita Nakayama, Yuta Shibamoto Tags: Medical Imaging —Technical Article Source Type: research

Quantitative evaluation of computed tomography findings in patients with bronchial asthma: prediction of therapeutic response
AbstractIntroductionTo compare pretreatment quantitative CT parameters between patients with well ‐controlled and those with poorly controlled bronchial asthma after treatment.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed 785 patients with clinical diagnosis of bronchial asthma from January 2009 to April 2015. Of these, 43 patients underwent high ‐resolution CT and pulmonary function tests at initial diagnosis. According to the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) 2015 guidelines, the patients were classified into two groups (well‐controlled (GINA1),n  =  18; poorly controlled (GINA2 and GINA3),n = 25). Quant...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 17, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Bo Da Nam, Sujin Ko, Jung Hwa Hwang Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Outcomes of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt procedures: a 10 ‐year experience
ConclusionAt a low volume centre, TIPSS usage was associated with high rates of technical, haemodynamic (HPVG reduction) and clinical success. Low volume should not be a contraindication to providing a TIPSS service; however, auditing outcomes and understanding specific institutional factors that influence quality are important requirements for low volume centres. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 10, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Bhuwan Tandon, Jeyamani Ramachandran, Sumudu Narayana, Kate Muller, Ramon Pathi, Alan J. Wigg Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Patterns of primary staging for newly diagnosed prostate cancer in the era of prostate specific membrane antigen positron emission tomography: A population ‐based analysis
ConclusionsOur registry data highlights the rapid uptake of PET imaging, particularly in high ‐risk disease. Based on this data, we highlight the increased diagnosis of nodal disease, thus potentially optimizing patient selection prior to definitive treatment for prostate cancer. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 8, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Nathan Papa, Marlon Perera, Declan G Murphy, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Melanie Evans, Jeremy L Millar, Damien Bolton Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

A collaborative approach to meeting oncology challenges in island communities in the Asia ‐Pacific region
AbstractTreatment of cancer in small island communities is frequently challenged by the isolation and scattered nature of target populations, limited economic resources and overburdened healthcare systems. Strategies that have been successful in improving access to nonsurgical treatment in Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and West Timor include balancing centralised location of scarce resources (particularly health professionals) with minimisation of patient travel, in ‐country training by teams of oncology professionals from high‐income countries (HICs), sending health professionals to train in HICs, sharing an...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 5, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Iain Gordon Ward, Alfred Mel, Andrew Soma, Ane Atalifo ‐Veu, Christos S Karapetis, Desmond Yip Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

The global epidemic of thyroid cancer overdiagnosis illustrated using 18  months of consecutive nodule biopsy correlating clinical priority, ACR‐TIRADS and Bethesda scoring
This article illustrates the use of TIRADS at a New Zealand tertiary centre, during its introduction, with all nodules unde rgoing fine‐needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) correlated with clinical referral priority and cytological Bethesda score. The correlation between TIRADS and Bethesda score was not significant but cytology had a strong association with clinical priority. Accuracy of TIRADS was poor though the risk of malignancy for TIRADS 5 nodules was 5.1 times those rated as TIRADS 3. After TIRADS was introduced, there was no significant trend in the proportion of malignant nodules diagnosed by FNAB. Despite an incomp...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 5, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Stewart P Hawkins, Sophy G Jamieson, Christin N Coomarasamy, Irene C Low Tags: Medical Imaging —Review Article Source Type: research

Macroscopic fat containing renal cell carcinoma
We describe two cases contrary to this axiom, the first being initially referred for angioembolisation, but subsequently biopsied when it was angiographically occult, whilst the second case showed a small macroscopic fat component and arterial enhancement prompting biopsy. Neither of these two cases demonstrated calcification which would usually suggest a more sinister lesion requiring further workup. The results demonstrated renal cell carcinoma for both lesions. Our multidisciplinary meeting approach to renal masses with a small amount of macroscopic fat and no calcifications has now changed. (Source: Journal of Medical ...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 5, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Maria Kirkinis, Tom Sutherland Tags: Medical Imaging —Case Letter Source Type: research

Oesophageal cancer treatment patterns, timeliness of care and outcomes in the Loddon Mallee region of Victoria: A retrospective cohort study
ConclusionNearly three ‐quarters of regional oesophageal cancer patients had radiotherapy while approximately one‐third received any treatment within the recommended 28 days. Any palliative radiotherapy and younger age were associated with timely treatment. Future studies could further investigate factors related to timely oesophageal cancer care. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 3, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Paul Conway, Michael Leach, Neetu Tejani, Amanda Robinson, Yachna Shethia, Ilana Solo Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Malignant priapism in metastatic adenocarcinoma of gastrointestinal origin: A 18F ‐FDG PET/CT study
SummaryPriapism is described as a persistent and non ‐sexual erection. It is a rare presenting complaint with a wide range of aetiologies. Malignant priapism was first used to describe persistent erections secondary to neoplastic infiltration of the penis by Peacock in 1938. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 26, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Geoffrey Liu, Mihir Patel Tags: Medical Imaging —Case Letter Source Type: research

The adequacy of fluoroscopic upper gastrointestinal studies for suspected intestinal volvulus in a tertiary care centre vs. secondary centres: A regional multicentre study
AbstractIntroductionEarly diagnosis and treatment of intestinal volvulus are important to reduce morbidity. A fluoroscopic upper GI study is the gold standard for diagnosis and may be performed in a secondary or tertiary care centre prior to surgery. It is important the reporting radiologist is confident in the findings. We aim to assess whether there is any difference in confidence and study quality between paediatric and general radiologists who work in secondary or tertiary care centres.MethodsRetrospective review of initial radiology reports and blinded review of the study images by paediatric radiologists.ResultsA tot...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 26, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Kate Amelia Bollard, Gianluca Valsenti, David Healey, Jean Murdoch Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Thoracic Manifestations of inhalational injury caused by the Whakaari/White Island eruption
ConclusionPyroclastic flow effect caused a variety of lung abnormalities most likely due to toxic gas emissions. Upper airway burns were seen at bronchoscopy in only 5 patients. An ARDS response in the lungs of two patients improved within three months. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 26, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Colleen J Bergin, Sophia Wilton, Matthew HG Taylor, Michelle Locke Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Quality of radiology training and role of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiology in supporting radiology trainees in NSW: Results of the first radiology trainee survey
AbstractIntroductionThe Royal Australian and New Zealand College radiology training programme is a 5 ‐year programme with a vast curriculum including reporting and research requirements. Undertaking training can be stressful for trainees who must balance their educational needs and work responsibilities. We undertook the first independent survey of New South Wales (NSW) radiology trainees to eval uate their perceptions about the quality of their training.MethodsFocus groups with trainees from multiple NSW training sites were conducted to construct a survey which was then distributed to all NSW Radiology trainees (n ...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 23, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Merribel M Kyaw, Irina Dedova, Noel Young, Michelle Moscova Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Smoking cessation in head and neck cancer patients: Factors influencing successes and failures
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that the majority of HNC patients achieve smoking cessation, but relapses are common. Cessation programmes should be developed that are comprehensive, sustained and address factors such as alcohol, marijuana and depression. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 23, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Justin Smith, Torres Woolley, Amy Brown, Venkat Vangaveti, Madhavi Chilkuri Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Quality of radiology training and role of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiology in supporting radiology trainees in NSW: Results of the first radiology trainee survey
AbstractIntroductionThe Royal Australian and New Zealand College radiology training programme is a 5 ‐year programme with a vast curriculum including reporting and research requirements. Undertaking training can be stressful for trainees who must balance their educational needs and work responsibilities. We undertook the first independent survey of New South Wales (NSW) radiology trainees to eval uate their perceptions about the quality of their training.MethodsFocus groups with trainees from multiple NSW training sites were conducted to construct a survey which was then distributed to all NSW Radiology trainees (n ...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 23, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Merribel M Kyaw, Irina Dedova, Noel Young, Michelle Moscova Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Smoking cessation in head and neck cancer patients: Factors influencing successes and failures
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that the majority of HNC patients achieve smoking cessation, but relapses are common. Cessation programmes should be developed that are comprehensive, sustained and address factors such as alcohol, marijuana and depression. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 23, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Justin Smith, Torres Woolley, Amy Brown, Venkat Vangaveti, Madhavi Chilkuri Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

The status of radiation protection in medicine in the Asia ‐Pacific region
SummaryMore than half of the world ’s population live in Asia‐Pacific. This region is culturally diverse, with significant disparities in terms of socio‐economic status, provision of health care and access to advanced technology. The medical use of ionising radiation is increasing worldwide and similarly within the Asia‐Paci fic region. In this paper, we highlight the current status in usage of ionising radiation in medicine in the region, and review the legal framework, implementation and activities in radiation protection. Asia‐Pacific countries are active in strengthening radiation protection by promo...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Kwan Hoong Ng, Zoe Brady, Aik Hao Ng, Hwee Shin Soh, Yi Hong Chou, Dinesh Varma Tags: Medical Imaging —Review Article Source Type: research

Supplemental minimal ‐activity PET/CT to validate ambiguous findings with less than 1 mSv: Proof of concept
SummaryShort ‐term follow‐up examinations could verify ambiguous findings in PET/CT diagnostics, but are often avoided due to radiation and financial burdens. We demonstrate the feasibility of a focused, minimal‐activity PET protocol as a supplemental examination for uncertain findings after standard PET/C T. After changing conditions, e.g. patient positioning, preparation and bypassing an interval as well as a targeted tracer change, an additional examination with less than 1 mSv of additional radiation exposure was performed. Lowered administered activity of radiopharmaceuticals could be compensate d by prolon...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Falk G ühne, Robert Drescher, Philipp Seifert, Martin Freesmeyer Tags: Medical Imaging —Technical Article Source Type: research

Pulsion diverticula of the rectum: Radiological diagnosis and clinical implications
ConclusionPulsion diverticula of the rectum present as a wide ‐neck outpouching of the lateral or posterior rectal wall in adult patients. This acquired abnormality is usually associated with coexisting anorectal lesions or defecation disorders. The practising radiologists and colorectal surgeons should be aware of this uncommon condition, its appearance on barium enema and other imaging studies, and its clinical implications. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 19, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Gary G Ghahremani, Ravinder K Mittal Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Classic adrenal adenoma undergoing necrosis secondary to chemotherapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma
SummaryOur patient was a 53 ‐year‐old male with borderline resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma who on his initial staging CT and subsequent MRI was found to have an incidental adrenal adenoma. Following completion of six cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy over a three‐month period, the patient returned for restaging. Th e adrenal nodule had increased in size and had undergone necrosis with just a fine cuff of residual viable lesion at the margins. It is thought that chemotherapeutic agents should not lead to significant cell death of an adrenal adenoma, and this produced diagnostic uncertainty. Interestingly, the l ...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 17, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Daniel Nour, Linda Alexander, Tom Sutherland Tags: Medical Imaging —Case Letter Source Type: research

Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas: Can imaging findings predict HPV status?
AbstractPurposeThis is first Australian population ‐based retrospective study in HPV‐induced OPSCCs utilising CT. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT) was utilised to assess if imaging findings of metastatic cystic lymph nodes (LNs) can predict human papillomavirus (HPV) status, as defined by p16 immunostaining of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCCs).Materials and MethodsThe location and p16 status of primary tumours and LNs were recorded. Metastatic LNs were assessed for size, shape, margins and cystic changes. Hounsfield Units (HU) value of primary tumours and LNs were measured and tabulated. p16 ...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 16, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Igor Fomin, Ian Hughes, Sandeep Bhuta Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Choosing Wisely in radiation therapy for breast cancer: Time lag in adoption of hypofractionated radiation therapy in Victoria
AbstractIntroductionTo evaluate the adoption of hypofractionated radiotherapy (HFRT) for breast cancer (BC) in Victoria, Australia.MethodsThis is a population ‐based cohort of women with BC who had breast RT as captured in the Victorian Radiotherapy Minimum Data Set between 2012 and 2017. We defined HFRT as 
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 16, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Wee Loon Ong, Richard Khor, Michael Chao, Roger L Milne, Jeremy Millar, Farshad Foroudi Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Computed tomography findings of metabolic syndrome in patients with acute colonic diverticulitis
ConclusionsCT biomarkers of metabolic syndrome are commonly encountered in patients with acute diverticulitis. Recognizing and reporting these findings can guide towards further evaluation for metabolic syndrome. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 16, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Mark A Anderson, Hamed Kordbacheh, Evita Joseph, Susan E Bennett, Fatima Cody Stanford, Avinash Kambadakone Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

A survey of anxiety and burnout in the radiology workforce of a tertiary hospital during the COVID ‐19 pandemic
AbstractIntroductionWe aimed to study anxiety and burnout among Division of Radiological Sciences (RADSC) staff during the COVID ‐19 pandemic and identify potential risk and protective factors. These outcomes were compared with non‐RADSC staff.MethodsA cross ‐sectional online study was conducted between 12 March and 20 July 2020 in the largest public tertiary hospital receiving COVID‐19 cases. Burnout and anxiety were assessed with the Physician Work‐Life Scale and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder‐7 Scale, respectively. Workplace factors were ex amined as potential risk and protective factors using multivariabl...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - February 16, 2021 Category: Radiology Authors: Hian Liang Huang, Robert Chun Chen, Irene Teo, Isha Chaudhry, Ai Ling Heng, Kun Da Zhuang, Hiang Khoon Tan, Bien Soo Tan Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research