Tract sealing with normal saline after percutaneous transthoracic lung biopsies – promising but better evidence required
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - August 2, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Michael Vinchill Chan, Ya Ruth Huo, Isaac Lui, Lloyd Ridley Tags: Medical Imaging —Point Of View Source Type: research

Chemical shift imaging in the identification of those renal tumours that contain microscopic fat and the utility of multiparametric MRI in their differentiation
AbstractIntroductionThe aim of this study was to assess the qualitative and MRI findings of renal tumours, to determine which lesions contain microscopic fat, one of the potential differentiating factors between tumour types.Methods73 patients who underwent 3 Tesla MRI including chemical shift imaging, with subsequent biopsy or excision for histopathological diagnosis, were included in the study. The images were reviewed for a decrease in signal intensity (SI) on the opposed phase compared with the in ‐phase gradient echo T1 images, indicating the presence of microscopic fat. The chemical shift index was then calculated ...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - August 2, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Suresh Silva, Kathleen Lockhart, Peter Aslan, Peter Nash, Anthony Hutton, David Malouf, Dominic Lee, Paul Cozzi, Fiona Maclean, James Thompson Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Pain response and quality of life assessment in patients with moderate/severe neuropathic pain due to bone metastasis undergoing treatment with palliative radiotherapy and tapentadol: A prospective multicentre pilot study
ConclusionsPalliative radiotherapy plus tapentadol shows an acceptable pain response and QoL improvement especially regarding EF, fatigue and painful site symptom scales in patients with moderate/severe NP due to BM. Therefore, it could be an alternative to manage NP in daily practice. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 29, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Jon Cacicedo, Juan Pablo Ciria, Virginia Morillo, Lorea Martinez ‐Indart, Alfonso Gómez‐Iturriaga, Olga Hoyo, David Büchser, Andere Frias, Iñigo San Miguel, Fernan Suarez, Francisco Casquero Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Long ‐term outcome following microwave ablation of early‐stage non‐small cell lung cancer
ConclusionMWA is safe and effective at achieving local control of early ‐stage NSCLC and may prolong patient survival. Nodal or distant metastases were the dominant manifestations of disease progression at long‐term follow‐up. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Henry Zhao, Karin Steinke Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Quality improvement in paediatric radiation oncology through peer review
ConclusionIncreasing the frequency of the meeting to weekly and compliant with the RANZCR Peer Review Audit Tool has the capacity to review all paediatric RT patients in ANZ prior to RT and initiate changes for as many as one in eight children treated by RT each year. The meeting should be considered a core component necessary to maintain expertise in paediatric RT in all centres providing RT for children in ANZ while also acting as a proton referral panel as more children are referred abroad for proton therapy before the Australian Bragg Centre for Proton Therapy opens in Adelaide in 2024. (Source: Journal of Medical Imag...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Laura Murphy, Jessica Cantwell, Jennifer Chard, Robyn Cheuk, Christopher Harrington, Ben Hindson, Alison Salkeld, Frank Saran, Greg Wheeler, Kirsty Wiltshire, Verity Ahern Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Tumour –capsule interface measured on 18F‐DCFPyL PSMA positron emission tomography/CT imaging comparable to multi‐parametric MRI in predicting extra‐prostatic extension of prostate cancer at initial staging
In this study, we aim to provide a reproducible method for evaluating EPE on PSMA‐PET/CT imaging and assess its utility compared with MRI.MethodsImaging findings and histopathology were reviewed for 100 consecutive patients who underwent a radical prostatectomy after imaging with MRI and 18F ‐DCFPyL PSMA‐PET/CT.ResultsA broad tumour –capsule interface measured using a standardised technique on fused PSMA‐PET/CT imaging is associated with a higher risk for established EPE (P 
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Damian Brauchli, Dalveer Singh, Charles Chabert, Arjuna Somasundaram, Leesa Collie Tags: Medical Imaging —Radiation Oncology—Original Article Source Type: research

Prenatal cranial MR findings in fetuses with suspected CMV infection: Correlation with postnatal outcome and differential diagnostic considerations
ConclusionsPolymicrogyria in fetuses with cCMV, undetected with prenatal US, was associated with CP. Germinolytic cysts were non ‐specific for cCMV and due to mitochondrial disorders when callosal hypogenesis was present. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Stacy Goergen, Zhengjie Lim, Jenni Clark, Mark Teoh, Kedar Humnabadkar, Michael Fahey, Michelle Giles Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Lung cancer reported as a benign lesion due to low ‐dose chest computed tomography artefact: A case report
We present a case where an artefact from the low dose technique lead to a lung cancer being erroneously reported as a benign hamartoma. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Fionn Coughlan, Bann Saffar, Annette McWilliams, Stephen Melsom Tags: Medical Imaging —Case of the Month Source Type: research

Is there a connection between immunohistochemical markers and grading of lung cancer with apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and standardised uptake values (SUV) of hybrid 18F ‐FDG‐PET/MRI?
AbstractIntroductionTo correlate tumour grading and prognostic immunohistochemical markers of lung cancer with simultaneously acquired standardised uptake values (SUV) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) derived from hybrid PET/MRI.MethodsIn this retrospective study, 55 consecutive patients (mean age 62.5  ± 9.2 years) with therapy‐naïve, histologically proven lung cancer were included. All patients underwent whole‐body PET/MRI using 18F‐flourdeoxyglucose (18F‐FDG) as a radiotracer. Diffusion‐weighted imaging of the chest (DWI, b‐values: 0, 500, 1000 s/mm2) was performed sim...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Ole Martin, Nils ‐Martin Bruckmann, Julian Kirchner, Tim Ullrich, Marc Ingenwerth, Simon Bogner, Chukwuka Eze, Felix Nensa, Ken Herrmann, Lale Umutlu, Gerald Antoch, Lino M Sawicki Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Functional 3DVR imaging of abdominal wall hernias
AbstractThe purpose of this illustrative pictorial series is to demonstrate the value of an image technique known as 3D Volume Rendering (3DVR) for the pre ‐operative visualization and assessment of complex abdominal hernias. A small subset of complex abdominal hernia cases were selected from our early clinical experience with 3DVR to illustrate the value of visualizing standard 2D computed tomography (CT) data from a 3D perspective.For the surgeon, pre ‐operative 3DVR can assist the holistic understanding of abdominal hernias and any associated fascial defects, unsuspected additional hernias, dysfunctional abdominal w...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Omar Rodriguez ‐Acevedo, Kristen Elstner, John W Read, Anita Jacombs, Nabeel Ibrahim Tags: Medical Imaging —Pictorial Essay Source Type: research

The role of tumour biomarkers in choosing the appropriate positron emission tomography imaging in follow ‐up of medullary thyroid cancer
AbstractIntroductionWe aimed to demonstrate the importance of serum calcitonin (Ct) and carcinoembryonic ‐antigen (CEA) levels in the selection of appropriate positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) modality in the follow‐up of operated patients with medullary thyroid cancer.MethodsFourteen operated patients (8 Female, 6 Male) with MTC underwent PET/CT imaging with somatostatin (68Ga ‐DOTATATE) and glucose (18FDG) analogs due to elevated Ct or CEA at follow ‐up. Ct and CEA levels and both PET/CT findings were compared based on both patients and lesions.ResultsPositive findings were found in 10 pat...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 12, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Ertan Şahin, Umut Elboğa Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Incidence of hippocampal metastases in non ‐small‐cell lung cancer
ConclusionThe incidence of metastases in the hippocampal avoidance region in our large cohort of patients was 9%. With low rates of metastases in this region, HS ‐BR can be considered a feasible option in the management of patients with advanced NSCLC. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 5, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Sophia Ly, Margot Lehman, Howard Liu, Craig Hukins, Michelle Murphy, Margaret Dauth, Matthew S Devine, Gang Tao Mai Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Lipiodol hysterosalpingogram: A modified HSG technique to minimize risks associated with lipiodol use
SummaryAssessment of tubal patency and therapeutic tubal flushing using Lipiodol, an oil ‐soluble contrast media (OSCM), has been shown to enhance fertility, resulting in increased interest in the use of Lipiodol. A modified hysterosalpingogram (HSG) technique, including a supplementary ultrasound with the contrast in situ, is recommended when using Lipiodol, taking into account both safety issues and technical challenges specific to Lipiodol. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Jane Michele Peart, Robert Sim Tags: Medical Imaging —Technical Article Source Type: research

The technique and accuracy of breast specimen ultrasound in achieving clear margins in breast conserving surgery
AbstractIntroductionThe aim of this prospective study was to determine whether breast specimen ultrasound (SUS) can reliably be used to confirm whether ultrasound (US) visible breast malignancies are excised with clear margins during breast ‐conserving surgery (BCS), in order to avoid a second operation and recurrence.MethodsA total of 95 consecutive participants with US visible malignancies, undergoing BCS, had the excised breast specimen transported to the radiology department intraoperatively. Breast SUS was used to confirm the presence of the lesion and measure the medial, lateral, superior and inferior margins. Margins  
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - July 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Natalie Perera, Anita G Bourke Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

‘Virtual experience’ as an intervention before a positron emission tomography/CT scan may ease patients’ anxiety and improve image quality
ConclusionA ‘virtual experience’ provided by an audio‐visual installation can ease patients’ anxiety and improve image quality. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 30, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Yuyun Sun, Yifei Sun, Yue Qin, Yingjian Zhang, Huiyu Yuan, Zhongyi Yang Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

30 ‐day mortality following palliative radiotherapy
AbstractIntroductionPatients dying a short time after receiving palliative radiation are unlikely to have received benefit and may experience harm. To monitor the potential for avoidable harm, 30 ‐day mortality following palliative radiation has been recommended for use as a quality indicator and the Royal College of Radiologist have recommended a rate of lower than 20%. At the Canterbury Regional Cancer and Haematology Service in Christchurch, New Zealand (CRCHS), we investigated 30‐day mortality and evaluated the prognostic value of the TEACHH model in our population.MethodsPalliative treatments from two, two ‐year...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mollie Kain, Hayley Bennett, Ma Yi, Bridget Robinson, Melissa James Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Single ‐fraction stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy for sternal metastases in oligometastatic breast cancer: Technique and single institution experience
ConclusionOur case series demonstrates safety of SABR with associated disease control and analgesic benefit in selected patients with oligometastatic breast cancer. The marginal recurrence observed in this cohort suggests wider margins could be beneficial to account for microscopic disease. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 25, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Michelle P Li, Dianne Kelly, Jennifer Tan, Shankar Siva, Tomas Kron, Steven David Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

The retrodural space of Okada and its relevance to CT guided intervention
SummaryThe spinal epidural and posterior ligamentous complex spaces are important anatomic regions which are the target of various radiologic procedures in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine for the purpose of analgesia and anaesthesia. Given the frequency with which procedures are performed in and around the epidural space, a sound understanding of the associated anatomy is paramount to ensure the safety and efficacy of procedural intervention. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 25, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Michael Croft, Matthew Sampson, Jenan Ngo, Anitha Thalluri, Frank Voyvodic Tags: Medical Imaging —Pictorial Essay Source Type: research

CT imaging features of skeletal muscle metastasis: A rare tumour group with different patterns
ConclusionsThe present study shows typical imaging appearances of SMM based on a large patient sample in a single centre. SMM has a rare occurrence with several different patterns, which can impose diagnostic difficulties and varies possible differential diagnoses. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 23, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Hans ‐Jonas Meyer, Sebastian Ullrich, Alexey Surov Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Long ‐term results from a series of patients managed with breast conservation surgery and hypofractionated radiotherapy in Christchurch: What is the recurrence rate and how do we detect recurrences
ConclusionsThe rate of local recurrence following HFRT for BCS is low. No asymptomatic recurrence was detected by routine clinic follow ‐up. The utility of regular clinical examination for the detection of recurrence is low and this should inform follow‐up strategies. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 23, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mohamad Firdaus Bin Mohamad Hanib, Bridget A Robinson, Chris Frampton, Melissa L James Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Long ‐term outcomes of patients with conserved breast cancer treated with adjuvant hypofractionated prone breast intensity‐modulated radiation therapy
ConclusionAdjuvant hypofractionated prone breast IMRT has excellent locoregional control and minimal toxicity. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 16, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Aron M Gortman, Noel J Aherne, Julan Amalaseelan, Andrew Last, Justin Westhuyzen, Lauren Chamberlain, Thomas P Shakespeare Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Gastrografin can be detected in ex vivo biological specimens by dual ‐energy CT scanning
ConclusionsDual ‐energy CT offers a convenient, quick, reliable and reproducible method for detecting and quantifying the presence of Gastrografin in ex vivo clinical specimens. Biological solutions containing Gastrografin are stable over time. A minimum dilution level of 25% is suggested to avoid beam saturation and inaccurate results. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: David A Clark, Edward Yeoh, Aleksandra Edmundson, Jit Pratap, Tom Snow, Michael Solomon, John Coucher Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Cone ‐beam computed tomography guided unipedicular central stentoplasty of the thoracolumbar spine: Early technical experience and results
Conclusion‘Central stentoplasty’ is a promising percutaneous vertebral fracture augmentation technique, which is shown to have low complication rates in the treatment of spinal compression fractures or metastases. However, long‐term results need to be further evaluated. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 14, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Ivan Kuang Hsin Huang, Uei Pua, Lawrence Han Hwee Quek, Justin Kwan, Gavin Hock Tai Lim Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Sonographic indicators of isolated fetal sagittal craniosynostosis during pregnancy
ConclusionIt is possible to detect sagittal synostosis in the third trimester of pregnancy which may assist with delivery planning. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 12, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Sarah Constantine, Andreas Kiermeier, Peter Anderson Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

In reply to Egger et al.: Lack of benefit from adjuvant postoperative radiotherapy and issues raised about upfront management of high ‐ and very‐high‐risk prostate cancer patients
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 12, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Giulio Francolini, Beatrice Detti, Matteo Mariotti, Gabriella Nesi, Giandomenico Roviello, Pietro Spatafora, Isacco Desideri, Donata Villari, Lorenzo Livi Tags: Medical Imaging —Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Elimination of oral contrast leads to faster scans in the workup of abdominal pain in the emergency setting without compromising diagnostic accuracy
ConclusionThus, eliminating the use of oral contrast in the workup of abdominal pain in the ED can lead to increased throughput and more timely patient care. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 7, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Jae ‐Kwan Jun, Leon Shin‐han Winata, Brendan Morrissey, Tom Sutherland Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, Volume 64, Issue 3, Page 307-312, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 4, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Editorial to ‘Factors affecting target motion in stereotactic body radiotherapy of liver cancer using CyberKnife’
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, Volume 64, Issue 3, Page 460-461, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 4, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mark T Lee Tags: Radiation Oncology —Editorial Source Type: research

Announcement
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, Volume 64, Issue 3, Page 464-464, June 2020. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 4, 2020 Category: Radiology Tags: ANNOUNCEMENT Source Type: research

Overall and chemotherapy ‐free survival following stereotactic body radiation therapy for abdominopelvic oligometastases
ConclusionsSBRT to AP OM was associated with sustained LC, excellent OS and minimal toxicity. The use of SBRT allowed for prolonged CFS and the salvage of limited ‐burden distant failures. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 4, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Jeevin Shahi, Jonathan Peng, Elysia Donovan, Jasmin Vansantvoort, Raimond Wong, Theodoros Tsakiridis, Kimmen Quan, Sameer Parpia, Anand Swaminath Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Characteristics of patients with temporomandibular joint osteoarthrosis on magnetic resonance imaging
AbstractIntroductionTemporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction is a common condition that is best evaluated with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of the patients with TMJ osteoarthrosis on MR imaging.MethodsThe MR images of 206 TMJs of 103 patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) were evaluated retrospectively in this study. The relationship between osteoarthrosis and age, gender, TMJ pain and MR imaging findings, such as disc displacement with or without reduction and TMJ effusion, was analysed.ResultsThe patients with TMJ osteoarthrosis (mean: 51.6  ...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - June 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Hiroo Toshima, Ichiro Ogura Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Hypofractionated radiotherapy in patients with non ‐melanoma skin cancer in the post COVID‐19 era: Time to reconsider its role for most patients
AbstractThe most frequent cancer worldwide is skin cancer, occurring at epidemic rates in countries exposed to high levels of chronic ultraviolet radiation such as Australia and New Zealand (ANZ). Australia has the highest incidence of non ‐melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in the world. NMSC is predominantly a cancer of the middle aged or elderly and accounts for considerable consulting and treatment time in most radiation oncology departments. Many patients also suffer from medical co ‐morbidity, an important factor in any treatment decision. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Michael Veness Tags: RADIATION ONCOLOGY ‐ POINT OF VIEW Source Type: research

Prostate penile metastasis: Incidence and imaging pattern on 68Ga ‐PSMA PET/CT
ConclusionsAn incidence of 0.1% in our study confirms the rarity of penile metastases of prostate cancer. Although rare, identification of prostate cancer penile metastases is important for appropriate treatment management and symptom ‐relief. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 25, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Annaleis Tatkovic, Rhiannon McBean, Joseph Schoeman, David Wong Tags: Medical Imaging — Original Article Source Type: research

Assessment of renal vascular anatomy on multi ‐detector computed tomography in living renal donors
ConclusionsConventionally described anatomy was only seen on the left side in 70.6% and 69.4% on the right side of subjects. Single renal arteries are seen in 54.4% showing that conventional anatomy has a relatively low incidence. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Damien C O ’Neill, Blathnaid Murphy, Emma Carmody, Luke Trench, Ruth Dunne, Michael J Lee, Dilly Little, Martina M Morrin Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Balloon ‐occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) of gastric varices using foam sclerosant and a reduced balloon inflation time: Feasibility and efficacy
ConclusionsThis technique using a shortened balloon occlusion time resulted in complete or partial clinical and technical success in all patients and suggests that the threshold for initiation of gastric variceal thrombosis may be below 30  min. This timepoint may provide a balance between adequate balloon inflation, angiography room efficiency and hospital resource allocation with resultant procedural cost implications. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Warren Clements, Rebecca Barrett, Stuart K Roberts, Ammar Majeed, William Kemp, Heather K Moriarty Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Adult mesentero ‐axial gastric volvulus: Case report
We present an uncommon case of recurrent adult mesentero‐axial gastric volvulus and describe the associated radiological findings. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 22, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Vijay Mistry, Erin Lee Gamble, Jennifer Chang Tags: Medical Imaging —Case of the Month Source Type: research

Particle therapy toxicity outcomes: A systematic review
This study extends the findings from a recent systematic review by the current authors which concentrated on tumour outcomes for PT, to now examine toxicity as a separate focus. Together, these reviews provide a comprehensive collation of the evidence relating to PT outcomes in clinical practice. Three major databases were searched by two independent researchers, and evidence quality was classified according to the National Health and Medical Research Council evidence hierarchy. One hundred and seventy ‐nine studies were included. Most demonstrated acceptable and favourable toxicity results. Comparative evidence reported...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 18, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Eun Ji Hwang, Peter Gorayski, Hien Le, Gerard G Hanna, Liz Kenny, Michael Penniment, Jacqueline Buck, David Thwaites, Verity Ahern Tags: Radiation Oncology —Review Article Source Type: research

Predictors of patient preference for either whole body magnetic resonance imaging (WB ‐MRI) or CT/ PET‐CT for staging colorectal or lung cancer
ConclusionsA small majority of patients undergoing staging of colorectal or lung cancer prefer WB ‐MRI to CT/ PET‐CT. Raising awareness of the potential benefits of WB‐MRI, notably lack of ionizing radiation, could influence preference. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 14, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Anne Miles, Ruth EC Evans, Steve Halligan, Sandy Beare, John Bridgewater, Vicky Goh, Sam M Janes, Neal Navani, Alfred Oliver, Alison Morton, Steve Morris, Andrea Rockall, Stuart A Taylor, on behalf of the STREAMLINE investigators, A Aboagye Tags: Medical Imaging —Radiation Oncology—Original Article Source Type: research

Using patient ‐reported outcomes (PROs) and patient‐reported outcome measures (PROMs) in routine head and neck cancer care: What do health professionals perceive as barriers and facilitators?
ConclusionsThis study highlighted key barriers and facilitators to PRO use in routine HNC patient care as perceived by HPs. The findings will be useful in guiding the successful and sustainable implementation of routine PRO collection in clinical settings. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Hanh Nguyen, Phyllis Butow, Haryana Dhillon, Lucinda Morris, Alison Brown, Katrina West, Puma Sundaresan Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Does institutional patient accrual volume impact overall survival in patients with inoperable non ‐small‐cell lung cancer receiving radical (chemo)radiation? A secondary analysis of TROG 99.05
ConclusionIn the setting of a clinical trial with rigorous quality assurance, we found no evidence for an association between institutional accrual and survival. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 11, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mun Yee Tan, Richard Fisher, David Ball Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

CT ‐based radiomic features to predict pathological response in rectal cancer: A retrospective cohort study
ConclusionThe pre ‐treatment CT‐based radiomic signatures were developed and validated in two independent cohorts. This imaging biomarker provided a promising way to predict pCR and select patients for non‐operative management. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Zhigang Yuan, Marissa Frazer, Geoffrey G Zhang, Kujtim Latifi, Eduardo G Moros, Vladimir Feygelman, Seth Felder, Julian Sanchez, Sophie Dessureault, Iman Imanirad, Richard D Kim, Louis B Harrison, Sarah E Hoffe, Jessica M Frakes Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Adverse respiratory outcomes following conventional long ‐course radiotherapy for non‐small‐cell lung cancer in patients with pre‐existing pulmonary fibrosis: A comparative retrospective study
AbstractIntroductionThere is some evidence to suggest that patients with underlying pulmonary fibrosis (PF) have increased risk of adverse respiratory and survival outcomes, when treated with conventional, long ‐course radiotherapy (RT) for non‐small‐cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We performed a retrospective analysis to determine the size of these risks.MethodsData from 21 patients with PF (cases) were retrospectively analysed for respiratory toxicity and mortality outcomes, and compared with 84  patients without PF (non‐cases). Age and mean lung dose were included as covariates in regression analyses. The additio...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Clare Bajraszewski, Renee Manser, James Chu, R Ashley Cox, Phillip Tran, Mary Duffy, Louis Irving, Alan Herschtal, Shankar Siva, David Ball Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Anatomical and dosimetric assessment of the prostate apex: A pilot comparison of image ‐guided transperineal ultrasound to conventional computed tomography simulation
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates a difference in anatomical delineation of prostate apex position between CT imaging compared to TPUS, corresponding to a statistically significant difference in apex point dose. Further analysis will determine whether this translates to a clinically significant difference in outcomes. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 7, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mihir D Shanker, Anna NH Kim, Amy Brown, Alex HM Tan Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Hepatic volume changes post ‐selective internal radiation therapy with 90Y microspheres
ConclusionRight liver lobe SIRT induces left liver lobe (FLR) compensatory hypertrophy. This study ’s data support the use of SIRT in selected patients with right liver lobe malignancy to undergo SIRT to facilitate liver resection. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 6, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Frederick Ong, Jonathan Tibballs Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Immune status and the efficacy of radiotherapy on overall survival for patients with localized Merkel cell carcinoma: An analysis of the National Cancer Database
ConclusionsIn this observational study, adjuvant RT was associated with decreased hazard of death for patients with stage I/II MCC regardless of immune status. Adjuvant RT should be considered for both IS and IC patients with localized MCC. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 5, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mehran B Yusuf, Jeremy Gaskins, Weston Wall, Paul Tennant, Jeffrey Bumpous, Neal Dunlap Tags: Radiation Oncology —Original Article Source Type: research

Radiology gave rise to the first female superhero
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, EarlyView. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 4, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Benjamin T Burdorf Tags: Medical Imaging —Editorial Source Type: research

Retrospective single ‐centre experience on the effect of the DAWN trial on the utilisation pattern, diagnostic yield and accuracy of CT perfusions performed for suspected acute stroke
ConclusionsThe CTP utilisation, particularly in late presenters, has substantially increased since the DAWN trial. This contributes to increasing burden on healthcare services related to the diagnosis and management of stroke. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 4, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Jason Yi Han, Irene Yew Lan Tan Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

How accurately can multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging measure the tumour volume of a prostate cancer? Results of a systematic review
SummaryThe tumour volume of a cancer within the prostate gland is commonly measured with multiparametric MRI. The measurement has a role in many clinical scenarios including focal therapy, but the accuracy of it has never been systematically reviewed. We included articles if they compared tumour volume measurements obtained by mpMRI with a reference volume measurement obtained after radical prostatectomy. Correlation and concordance statistics were summarised. A simple accuracy score was derived by dividing the given mean or median mpMRI volume by the histopathological reference volume. Factors affecting the accuracy were ...
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - May 4, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: David R.H. Christie, Christopher F. Sharpley Tags: Medical Imaging —Radiation Oncology—Review Article Source Type: research

MR enterography – Impact on image quality between single‐ versus split‐dose Buscopan
ConclusionOur findings indicate that split ‐dose Buscopan significantly reduced peristalsis compared to single‐dose Buscopan, and a reduction in peristalsis reduces one aspect of motion artefact, which translates to better images. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Akshay Rao, Fariha Sitheeque, Sonja Gustafson, Macy Lu, Marita Prior Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Retrospective single ‐centre experience on the effect of the DAWN trial on the utilisation pattern, diagnostic yield and accuracy of CT perfusions performed for suspected acute stroke
ConclusionsThe CTP utilisation, particularly in late presenters, has substantially increased since the DAWN trial. This contributes to increasing burden on healthcare services related to the diagnosis and management of stroke. (Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology)
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - April 23, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Jason Yi Han, Irene Yew Lan Tan Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research