Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial pathogens isolated from urine specimens received in rizgary hospital — Erbil
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common health-associated problem worldwide. Like other medical conditions, UTI patients may suffer from poor treatment outcomes due to the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Determining patterns of antimicrobial susceptibility in uropathogens will guide physicians to choose the best antibiotics for treating affected patients. In this project we aimed to evaluate the frequencies of pathogens associated with UTI and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - December 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ahmed A. Al-Naqshbandi, Mahmoud A. Chawsheen, Haval H. Abdulqader Source Type: research

Hot springs as sources of infection: An environment overlooked by public health practitioners
Infectious diseases are an important public health problem and are currently a topic of special interest for governments when implementing public health policies. To prevent infectious diseases it is important to know both the mechanisms and transmission vehicles involved in the pathogenesis, which include other people, animals, food, air and contaminated waters, in order to intervene in these aspects [1]. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - December 1, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: David E. Rebell ón Sánchez, Amalia Avendaño Sánchez, Yardany R. Mendez Fandiño Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of rapid diagnostic tests for the early detection of leptospirosis
Leptospirosis is often misdiagnosed with several other tropical febrile illnesses in Malaysia due to similarities in clinical manifestations. Although treatment regimens could be started based on clinical judgments, early diagnosis has become paramount as a guide to chemotherapeutic interventions. Confirmed laboratory diagnosis through MAT or PCR is time consuming and usually available only in reference laboratories and not practical in healthcare settings. Rapid and easy to perform diagnostic tests are widely used in these settings as the point of care diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Siti N. Alia, Narcisse Joseph, Noraini Philip, Nurul N. Azhari, Bashiru Garba, Siti N. Masri, Zamberi Sekawi, Vasantha K. Neela Source Type: research

Procalcitonin as a diagnostic biomarker of sepsis: A tertiary care centre experience
Despite the advancement in diagnostic modalities of sepsis, it is still a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Differentiation between sepsis and non-infectious disease states remains a diagnostic challenge. Procalcitonin (PCT) is useful for the diagnosis of sepsis but it varies in cut-off ranges at different clinical settings. The aim of this study was to correlate serum PCT levels with cultures and to evaluate the best cut-off values with high sensitivity and specificity for PCT. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Shefali Gupta, Pradeep Jaswani, Raj K. Sharma, Suraksha Agrawal, Narayan Prasad, Chinmoy Sahu, Amit Gupta, Kashi N. Prasad Source Type: research

Impact of mass migrations on the clonal variation of clinical Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from the Western region of Saudi Arabia
A rapid molecular typing system was used to determine the impact of mass migration on the clonal variation of Staphylococcus aureus isolates recovered from King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH) Jeddah, in the western region of Saudi Arabia. This region experiences an annual influx of millions of pilgrims. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ibrahim A. Al-Zahrani, Esam I. Azhar, Asif A. Jiman-Fatani, Loai A. Siddig, Muhammad Yasir, Ahmed K. Al-Ghamdi, Colin R. Harwood Source Type: research

Synthesis, characterization, and antibacterial potential of silver nanoparticles synthesized from Coriandrum sativum L.
The objective of this research to use the source for the fabrication of silver NPs from C. sativum L., and to check the activity of the fabricated silver NPs was determined versus a couple of gram negative and a couple of gram positive bacteria in the presence of antibiotic viz. gentamicin to judge their impact. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Asma Ashraf, Sara Zafar, Khizra Zahid, Muhammad Salahuddin Shah, Khalid A. Al-Ghanim, F. Al-Misned, Shahid Mahboob Source Type: research

Epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in a pediatric hospital in a country with high endemicity
Little is known about epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) in children. Aim of this study was to describe CPE epidemiology in a tertiary care pediatric hospital in Italy that admits patients coming from geographic areas with high diffusion of CPE. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elio Castagnola, Paola Tatarelli, Alessio Mesini, Ivana Baldelli, Daniela La Masa, Roberto Biassoni, Roberto Bandettini Source Type: research

Prevalence, serotypes, and drug resistance of nontyphoidal Salmonella among paediatric patients in a tertiary hospital in Guangzhou, China, 2014 –2016
Nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) is a common pathogen responsible for acute gastroenteritis among all ages; however, information on the prevalence, serotypes, and antibiotic susceptibility of NTS isolates is limited. We aimed to explore the characteristics of NTS isolated from paediatric patients in Guangzhou, China. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bingshao Liang, Yongqiang Xie, Shujun He, Jialiang Mai, Yanmei Huang, Liyuan Yang, Huamin Zhong, Qiulian Deng, Shuwen Yao, Yan Long, Yiyu Yang, Sitang Gong, Zhenwen Zhou Source Type: research

Dengue Outbreak in Peshawar: Clinical Features and Laboratory Markers of Dengue Virus Infection
Dengue is a tropical disease caused by dengue virus (DENV). It is one of the most significant arthropod-borne viral infection. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Muhammad Haroon, Hasnain Jan, Shah Faisal, Nasir Ali, Muhammad Kamran, Farhan Ullah Source Type: research

Novel understandings of host cell mechanisms involved in chronic lung infection: Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the cystic fibrotic lung
As one of the most debilitating and underdiagnosed hereditary conditions across the globe, cystic fibrosis requires intensive support from the healthcare system – particularly due to the increased susceptibility to chronic infection and resulting respiratory failure which can rapidly lead to death. In turn, the prevalence and action of a certain strain of bacterium – Pseudomonas aeruginosa – has gained a great deal of interest. Life-threatening chroni c infections by P. aeruginosa have been shown to involve biofilm formation, proliferation and the release of quorum-sensing signaling molecules. (Source: Jo...
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Peter Anto Johnson Source Type: research

Serological and molecular analysis for brucellosis in selected swine herds from Southern India
Swine brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella suis. The study describes the occurrence of brucellosis in two organized piggeries in Southern India. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rajeswari Shome, Triveni Kalleshamurthy, Krithiga Natesan, K. Rohit Jayaprakash, Kavya Byrareddy, Nagalingam Mohandoss, Swati Sahay, Bibek R. Shome, Jagadish Hiremath, Habibur Rahman, Sukhadeo B. Barbuddhe Source Type: research

Review of seasonal influenza vaccination in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Policies, use and barriers
Vaccination is the main control measure for influenza and its severe complications. To better understand the influenza vaccination situation in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, we conducted an extensive review of literature published between 2006 and 2016 in the region on influenza vaccine policies, use, recommendations and coverage. Forty-eight articles met the inclusion criteria. These originated from 11 of the 22 countries of the region, with most being from Saudi Arabia and Iran. The review revealed knowledge gaps and misconceptions about influenza and its vaccines even among healthcare workers. (Source: Journal of In...
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Hassan Zaraket, Nada Melhem, Mamunur Malik, Wasiq M. Khan, Ghassan Dbaibo, Abdinasir Abubakar Source Type: research

Factors associated with and screening models of national immunization programme vaccine series completion among preschool children in Fujian Province, south-eastern China
An effective method for the rapid identification of vulnerable preschool children at risk of not completing the national immunization programme (NIP) vaccine series in China is still lacking. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Jiang-Nan Wu, Yong Zhou Source Type: research

Why is mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV a continual threat to new-borns in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
We describe the challenges faced by PMTCT in MTCT in SSA. The study reviewed articles and reports published online. The most c ommon barriers and challenges were non-disclosure of HIV status, late initiation of ARVs treatment/adherence, STIs screening, long clinics waiting time, non-involvement of men in ANC/PMTCT, infant feeding methods and sensitization of community members on ANC/PMTCT programmes. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - November 8, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Clarence S. Yah, Ernest Tambo Source Type: research

Antimicrobial resistance: A round table discussion on the “One Health” concept from the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries. Part One: A focus on Leadership
(Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Antimicrobial resistance: A round table discussion on the “One Health” concept from the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries. Part Two: A focus on Human Health
(Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Serological evidence for avian H9N2 influenza virus infections among Romanian agriculture workers” [J. Infect. Public Health 6 (2013) 438–447]
In Table 3 of the manuscript, the column data for “Agriculture workers” and “Controls” were mistakenly reversed. The author regrets the misprint and would like to apologize for any inconvenience caused. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Alexandru Coman, Daniel N. Maftei, Whitney S. Krueger, Gary L. Heil, John A. Friary, Razvan M. Chereches, Emanuela Sirlincan, Paul Bria, Claudiu Dragnea, Iosif Kasler, Gregory C. Gray Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Performance of ELISA and Western blot to detect antibodies against HSV-2 using dried blood spots
The objective of current study was to evaluate the use of DBS samples to detect HSV-2 antibodies using commercial ELISA and Western blot tests. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Santa Garc ía-Cisneros, Miguel Á. Sánchez-Alemán, Carlos J. Conde-Glez, Sergio J. Lara-Zaragoza, Antonia Herrera-Ortiz, Tanya Plett-Torres, Maria Olamendi-Portugal Source Type: research

Analysis of citizens ’ subjective perception of safe antibiotic use in European Union countries
Antibiotic consumption is high and varies between different European Union countries. One of the reasons could be different subjective perception of safe antibiotic use. The aim of our study was to analyse citizens ’ subjective perception of safe antibiotic use in the European Union countries in the context of different antibiotic policies. Some countries are prepared comprehensive national strategies and action plans and implement many activities in different areas while other countries implement actions on ly in particular fields and even do not have prepared strategy or action plan. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gintaras Zilinskas, Laura Tamasauskiene, Domantas Tamasauskas Source Type: research

Barriers and gaps in utilization and coverage of mass drug administration program against soil-transmitted helminth infection in Bangladesh: An implementation research
This study was done to explore and explain the barriers and gaps that hinder the utilization and coverage of MDA for STH. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tilak C. Nath, Retna S. Padmawati, Elsa H. Murhandarwati Source Type: research

Antibiotic consumption versus the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria at a tertiary hospital in China from 2011 to 2017
This study investigated the trends in and correlations between antibiotic consumption and the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (CRGN) at a tertiary hospital during these years, particularly in carbapenem consumption. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Di Zhang, Sasa Hu, Jinyao Sun, Lu Zhang, Haiyan Dong, Weiyi Feng, Jin ’e Lei, Yalin Dong Source Type: research

Migration and health: A retrospective study about the prevalence of HBV, HIV, HCV, tuberculosis and syphilis infections amongst newly arrived migrants screened at the Infectious Diseases Unit of Modena, Italy
Aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of HBV, HIV, HCV, tuberculosis and syphilis infection among immigrants assigned to the immigrant centre of the province of Modena. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gianluca Cuomo, Iacopo Franconi, Nicoletta Riva, Alessandro Bianchi, Margherita Digaetano, Antonella Santoro, Mauro Codeluppi, Andrea Bedini, Giovanni Guaraldi, Cristina Mussini Source Type: research

Rabies among animals in Saudi Arabia
Rabies is a fatal viral disease that continues to threaten human and animal health in endemic countries. Rabies is endemic in animals in the Arabian Peninsula. Although Saudi Arabia is the largest country on the Peninsula, little has been reported in the country about rabies situation. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 26, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Samy Kasem, Raed Hussein, Ali Al-Doweriej, Ibrahim Qasim, Ali Abu-Obeida, Ibrahim Almulhim, Hassan Alfarhan, Ahmed A. Hodhod, Mohamed Abel-latif, Osman Hashim, Dakhil Al-Mujalli, Ali AL-Sahaf Source Type: research

Epidemiological trends and therapeutic challenges of malignancies in adult HIV-1-infected patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy in a tertiary hospital from Romania: An observational retrospective study
Malignancies have become a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV (PLHIV). The primary endpoint of our study was to describe the epidemiology of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining cancers (ADCs) and non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs). Epidemiological disparities, mortality predictors and survival analysis within the two groups of patients were key secondary endpoints. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Valeriu Gheorghi ță, Iuliana F. Conea, Adelina M.C. Radu, Ion Ștefan, Mariana Mărdărescu, Sorin Petrea, Adrian Streinu-Cercel Source Type: research

Seroprevalence and molecular detection of coxiellosis among cattle and their human contacts in an organized dairy farm
The present investigation of Coxiella burnetii infection in cattle and farm workers on an organized cattle dairy farm, which appears to be the first of its kind in India, was undertaken to assess the status of this largely neglected and masked zoonosis. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pankaj Dhaka, Satyaveer S. Malik, Jay P. Yadav, Manesh Kumar, Amit Baranwal, Sukhadeo B. Barbuddhe, Deepak B. Rawool Source Type: research

Food poisoning caused by scombroids: A case-control study
The aim of this study is to report the epidemiological characteristics of a food poisoning outbreak due to scombroid fish in a hospital. A case-control study (1:4) was conducted. Patients either symptomatic of food poisoning (cases) or asymptomatic (controls) eating at the hospital cafeteria were included. To identify the source of the outbreak, sanitary control factors were assessed. Microbiological studies and the mast cell tryptase test were performed. All cases and controls received a questionnaire enquiring about symptoms and foods consumed. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Gil Rodr íguez-Caravaca, Ana I. Hijas-Gómez, Miguel Á. Tejedor-Alonso, Juan A. Del-Moral-Luque, Alberto Delgado-Iribarren, José F. Valverde-Cánovas, Ángel Gil-de-Miguel Source Type: research

Epidemiology and predictors of survival of MERS-CoV infections in Riyadh region, 2014 –2015
This study aimed at describing the epidemiology of MERS-CoV infection, clinical aspects of the disease and the determinants of survival. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Fahad S. Al-Jasser, Randa M. Nouh, Randa M. Youssef Source Type: research

Co-infection between Zika and different Dengue serotypes during DENV outbreak in Brazil
The recent introduction of new arboviruses in the Americas, as Zika virus (ZIKV) and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), increased the risk of outbreaks and arboviral co-infections. Herein, we report twelve cases of co-infection of ZIKV and different DENV serotypes in a city located in the northwest region of S ão Paulo State, Brazil, which is hyper-endemic to Dengue. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 6, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: C ássia F. Estofolete, Ana C.B. Terzian, Tatiana E. Colombo, Georgia de Freitas Guimarães, Helio C. Ferraz, Rafael A. da Silva, Gilmar V. Greque, Maurício L. Nogueira Source Type: research

A predictive method for hepatitis disease diagnosis using ensembles of neuro-fuzzy technique
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. Supervised data mining techniques have been successful in hepatitis disease diagnosis through a set of datasets. Many methods have been developed by the aids of data mining techniques for hepatitis disease diagnosis. The majority of these methods are developed by single learning techniques. In addition, these methods do not support the ensemble learning of the data. Combining the outputs of several predictors can result in improved accuracy in classification problems. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - October 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Mehrbakhsh Nilashi, Hossein Ahmadi, Leila Shahmoradi, Othman Ibrahim, Elnaz Akbari Source Type: research

Immunosuppressive burden and risk factors of infection in primary childhood nephrotic syndrome
This study aims to estimate the immunosuppressive burden, rate of infection and identify possible risk factors in PCNS requiring hospitalization. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Khalid Alfakeekh, Mohammed Azar, Banan Al Sowailmi, Saja Alsulaiman, Salwa Al Makdob, Aamir Omair, Esam Albanyan, Manal Saleh Bawazeer Source Type: research

Circulation of single serotype of Dengue Virus (DENV-3) in New Delhi, India during 2016: A change in the epidemiological trend
Dengue is a rapidly emerging arthropod borne viral infection affecting tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Dengue is an acute febrile illness but sometimes causes more fatal complications like dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Delhi, the capital of India has become hyper endemic for dengue virus because all the four serotypes are circulating here. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nazish Parveen, Arshi Islam, Ayesha Tazeen, Malik Hisamuddin, Mohd Abdullah, Irshad H. Naqvi, Md I. Faizan, Divya Gulyani, Anwar Ahmed, Shama Parveen Source Type: research

Point prevalence survey of antibiotic use in 26 Saudi hospitals in 2016
To evaluate the antibiotic prescribing trends, qualitatively and quantitatively, among Saudi Ministry of Health (MOH) hospitals. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Maher Al Matar, Mushira Enani, Ghada Binsaleh, Hala Roushdy, Deema Alokaili, Amira Al Bannai, Yasser Khidir, Hail Al-Abdely Source Type: research

Characterisation and identification of antibacterial compound from marine actinobacteria: In vitro and in silico analysis
The present study was focused on the characterization and in silico analysis of antibacterial compound derived from marine actinobacteria isolated from the sediments of salterns of Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: S. Priyanka, M. Jayashree, R. Shivani, S. Anwesha, K.V. Bhaskara Rao, Arnold E. I Source Type: research

Epidemiological study of secondary bloodstream infections: The forgotten issue
Secondary bacteraemia infections (SBI) are poorly studied. We analyse the epidemiology of nosocomial SBI, potential risk factors and mortality of affected patients. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Laura Sante, Armando Aguirre-Jaime, Maria Antonia Miguel, Mar ía José Ramos, Yanet Pedroso, María Lecuona Source Type: research

Evaluation of health education interventions on Chinese factory workers ’ knowledge, practices, and behaviors related to infectious disease
Workplaces are a common location for infectious disease transmission among adults. To provide recommendations regarding appropriate health promotion programs, we evaluated the impact of three different interventions on factory workers. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Lin Li, Wenti Xu, Abram L. Wagner, Xiaochun Dong, Jieying Yin, Ying Zhang, Matthew L. Boulton Source Type: research

Public knowledge and behaviours relating to antibiotic use in Gulf Cooperation Council countries: A systematic review
The aim of this review was to assess public knowledge and behaviours in relation to antibiotic use in GCC countries. A systematic review was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE and other relevant databases. Cross-sectional studies published from January 2000 to June 2017 relating to public knowledge and behaviours towards antibiotic use were included. Overall nine studies met the inclusion criteria for this systematic review. Nearly half of general public respondents in the GCC region reported a lack of knowledge about antibiotic use and showed negative attitudes towards antibiotic utilisation. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 20, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rimah A. Almohammed, Emma L. Bird Source Type: research

Positivity of dengue and chikungunya among Crimean –Congo hemorrhagic fever-negative cases in India: 2013–2016
In this journal, Dereli and Kayser discussed about the global patterns in scientific research output, trend and academic collaboration focusing Crimean –Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) across the globe [1]. Here, we describe multi-year retrospective analysis of the dengue and chikungunya positivity among CCHF negative cases from India. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pragya D. Yadav, Deepak Y. Patil, Devendra T. Mourya Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Association of IL4R-rs1805016 and IL6R-rs8192284 polymorphisms with clinical dengue in children from Colombian populations
Etiologic studies provide evidence that IL-4R and IL-6R receptors may play important roles in the regulatory mechanisms of the development of clinical dengue, especially in children which is a segment of the population with high severe dengue risk. Moreover, the allele frequencies and genetic associations may be influenced by the populational genetic background. Therefore, we performed a case-control study to evaluate possible associations between SNPs in IL4R and IL6R genes and clinical dengue in children from two Colombian populations. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 15, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yerly M. Useche, Berta N. Restrepo, Doris M. Salgado, Carlos F. Narv áez, Omer Campo, Gabriel Bedoya Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of EGCRISC application versus hepatitis C virus mass screening in Egypt
The Egyptian model of care against hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a great success in treatment and treatment accessibility, but still screening efforts must be strengthened. HCV is a silent infection when most of infected people are unaware of their infection. EGCRISC is a newly developed and validated risk-based HCV screening tool in Egypt that has shown a considerably good performance but is still underused. This brief communication is to analyze its use cost-effectiveness versus mass screening. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 13, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Engy M. El-Ghitany Source Type: research

Exploring the development of a household cholera-focused health literacy scale in James Town, Accra
This study attempts to develop and pilot a tool to measure household health literacy among the urban poor in James Town, a cholera endemic neighborhood. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 12, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Raymond A. Tutu, Sangeeta Gupta, Sathyanarayana Elavarthi, Janice D. Busingye, John K. Boateng Source Type: research

A review on current trends in the treatment of human infection with H7N9-avian influenza A
The H7N9 subtype of avian influenza is an enzootic and airborne virus which caused an influenza outbreak in China. Infected individuals mostly worked with poultry, suggesting H7N9 virus-infected poultry as the primary source of human infection. Significantly increased levels of proinflammatory mediators (chemokines, cytokines) during virus infection could hamper the immune system and aggravate the infection. Severe cases are marked by fulminant pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and encephalopathy. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Palanisamy Sivanandy, Foong Zi Xien, Lee Woon Kit, Yeoh Tze Wei, Kuan Hui En, Lian Chia Lynn Source Type: research

Infections in children with simple obesity: The relation to phagocytic function and serum leptin
There is a possible association between obesity and infections. We sought to investigate phagocytic functions in obese children and their relation to serum leptin levels. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nadin N. Toaima, Rasha H. El-Owaidy, Dina L. Zaki, Lerine B. Eldin Source Type: research

Disseminated herpes simplex virus and varicella zoster virus co-infection in a patient with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
We describe a case of disseminated HSV and VZV infection in an 80-year-old patient many years after splenectomy for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). This is the first case of disseminated HSV-1 and VZV infection with molecular evidence of the simultaneous presence of both viruses in two different body sites (the skin and cerebrospinal fluid). This adds to the three reports of patients developing cutaneous disseminated herpes zoster multiple years after splenectomy for ITP. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - September 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Christina Bergqvist, Yasmin Abi Aad, Dany Nassar, Saeed El Zein, Souha S. Kanj Source Type: research

Prevalence and sociodemographic disparities of Hepatitis C in Baby Boomers and the US adult population
The US Baby Boomer (BB) generation is associated with high rates of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. There is limited literature detailing age-specific risk factors for HCV infection. Using a nationally representative sample, this study examines US adult HCV prevalence and age-specific risk factors for chronic HCV infection. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - August 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Kevin J. Moore, Aliyah Gauri, Tulay Koru-Sengul Source Type: research

Extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing E. coli in urinary tract infections: A two-center, cross-sectional study of prevalence, genotypes and risk factors in Amman, Jordan
To determine the prevalence, phenotypes, and genotypes of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) among patients with urinary tract infection along with identifying the associated risk factors. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - August 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sayida A. Al-Jamei, Abla Y. Albsoul, Faris G. Bakri, Amal G. Al-Bakri Source Type: research

Treatment options and clinical outcomes for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae bloodstream infection in a Chinese university hospital
Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) has become a serious public health problem. Limited information is available about the treatment options that physicians used to fight CRE infections and related clinical outcomes in China. The aim of the present study was to explore the treatment options and clinical outcomes of patients with CRE bloodstream infection (BSI) in a Chinese teaching hospital. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - August 22, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Chen Li, Yi Li, Zhichang Zhao, Qing Liu, Bin Li Source Type: research

Influenza vaccination situation in Middle-East and North Africa countries: Report of the 7th MENA Influenza Stakeholders Network (MENA-ISN)
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region faces a dual challenge with regard to influenza infection due to severe zoonotic influenza outbreaks episodes and the circulation of Northern Hemisphere human influenza viruses among pilgrims. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - August 17, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Salah Al Awaidi, Suleiman Abusrewil, Muslim AbuHasan, Meral Akcay, Fatma Nur Baran Aksakal, Uzma Bashir, Omar Elahmer, Abdoulreza Esteghamati, Milad Gahwagi, Yusuf Kamal Mirza, Cindy Grasso, George Kassianos, Moulud Khris, Masoud Mardani, Helena Maltezou, Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of patients with Ochrobactrum anthropi bloodstream infection in a Chinese tertiary-care hospital: A 7-year study
Ochrobactrum anthropi has become an emerging pathogen for bloodstream infection (BSI). (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - August 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Minghui Zhu, Xiaoyan Zhao, Qiang Zhu, Zhaorui Zhang, Yu Dai, Liangan Chen, Zhixin Liang Source Type: research

The role of whole genome sequencing in monitoring antimicrobial resistance: A biosafety and public health priority in the Arabian Peninsula
The recent declaration by the United Nations to establish an interagency coordination group (IACG) on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) emphasises the global nature of the AMR threat. Rapid dissemination and spread of AMR is exacerbated by the movements of humans, animals, foods and materials. International monitoring and surveillance of AMR indicates to policy makers, regulators and auditors the magnitude of the problem and also informs appropriate and mindful interventions that will impact public health policy and mitigate AMR. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - August 9, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Majed F. Alghoribi, Hanan H. Balkhy, Neil Woodford, Matthew J. Ellington Tags: Position Paper Source Type: research

High frequency of Haemophilus influenzae associated with respiratory tract infections among Malaysian Hajj pilgrims
Overcrowding during the annual Hajj pilgrimage has been known to increase the risk of infectious diseases transmission. Despite the high prevalence of respiratory illness among Malaysian Hajj pilgrims, knowledge about the etiologic pathogens is yet very limited. Thus, this study aimed to determine the spectrum of bacterial respiratory pathogens among the Hajj pilgrims returning to Malaysia in year 2016. (Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Infection and Public Health - August 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Nik Mohd Noor Nik Zuraina, Abdullah Sarimah, Mohamad Suharni, Habsah Hasan, Siti Suraiya Source Type: research