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No abstract available (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Visit-to-visit blood pressure variability and a risk of diabetic foot ulcers: how calcium channel blockers moderate?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

A hybrid 4-item Krousel-Wood Medication Adherence Scale predicts cardiovascular events in older hypertensive adults
Background : There is a need for a brief, open access, self-report medication adherence scale that overcomes challenges of existing adherence tools, is associated with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD), and identifies low ‘implementation’ adherers to antihypertensive medications to facilitate blood pressure management. Methods and results: Antihypertensive medication adherence was assessed in a cohort of 1532 older hypertensive adults without prior CVD using the self-report 4-item Krousel-Wood Medication Adherence Scale (K-Wood-MAS-4), a hybrid tool developed to predict pharmacy refill and which captur...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research

Serum uric acid and resistance to antihypertensive treatment: data from the European Lacidipine Study on Atherosclerosis
Aim: Whether increased serum uric acid (SUA) favours resistance to antihypertensive drugs is not clear. Methods: The European Lacidipine Study on Atherosclerosis (ELSA) was a randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial comparing the effects of a 4-year treatment with either lacidipine or atenolol on progression of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with moderate hypertension. SUA was assessed at randomization and at the study end, office blood pressure (BP) was measured at each titration visit and every 6 months thereafter, ambulatory BP was measured at randomization and every year thereafter. Results: No differen...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research

Optimal SBP targets in routine clinical care
Conclusion: It appears that intensive treatment of SBP may be harmful in the general population where all have access to routine healthcare as with the UK National Health Services, but could be beneficial in high-risk patients who are closely monitored. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research

Neurohumoral and ambulatory haemodynamic adaptations following isometric exercise training in unmedicated hypertensive patients
This study aimed to measure alterations in office BP, ambulatory BP, cardiac autonomic modulation and inflammatory and vascular biomarkers following a programme of IET in unmedicated hypertensive patients. Methods: Twenty-four unmedicated stage 1 hypertensive patients (age 43.8 ± 7.3 years; height, 178.1 ± 7 cm; weight 89.7 ± 12.8 kg) were randomly assigned in a cross-over study design, to 4-weeks of home-based IET and control period, separated by a 3-week washout period. Office and ambulatory BP, cardiac autonomic modulation, and inflammatory and vascular biomarkers were recorded pr...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Lifestyle changes Source Type: research

Frequency of achieving a ‘fit’ cardiorespiratory fitness level and hypertension: a cohort study
Conclusion: Achieving the fitness level recommended in the Japanese guideline three or more times during a 6-year period can be beneficial for the risk reduction of hypertension. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Lifestyle changes Source Type: research

Agreement between 24-h dietary recalls and 24-h urine collections for estimating sodium intake in China, Japan, UK, USA: the International Study of Macro- and Micro-nutrients and Blood Pressure
Objective: The present study aims to compare 24-h dietary recalls with 24-h urine collections for the estimation of sodium intake at both population and individual levels in China, Japan, the United Kingdom (UK), and the United States of America (USA), using data from the International Study of Macro- and Micro-nutrients and Blood Pressure (INTERMAP). Methods: Mean differences between 24-h dietary recalls and 24-h urine collections were calculated for their agreement in estimating sodium intake at the population level; relative and absolute differences as well as misclassification of salt intake groups (salt intake (S...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Lifestyle changes Source Type: research

Long-term blood pressure variability and development of chronic kidney disease in type 2 diabetes
Objective: Long-term visit-to-visit SBP variability (VVV) has been shown to predict cerebro-cardiovascular events and end-stage renal disease in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Whether SBP VVV is also a predictor of CKD development in diabetes is currently uncertain. We assessed the role of SBP VVV on the development of CKD in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and hypertension in real life. Methods: Clinical records from 30 851 patients with T2D and hypertension, with normal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and regular visits during a 4-year follow-up were analyzed. SBP variability was measured b...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Kidney Source Type: research

Carotid intima–media thickness, but not chronic kidney disease independently associates with noncardiac arterial vascular events in South Africa
Aim: Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) as determined from estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) is recommended for risk prediction by current hypertension guidelines, the equations to derive eGFR may not perform well in black Africans. We compared whether across the adult lifespan, eGFR or CKD are as closely associated with noncardiac arterial vascular events, as carotid intima–media thickness (IMT), in Africa. Methods: In 1152 black South Africans [480 with noncardiac arterial events (294 with critical lower limb ischemia, 186 with stroke) of which 37% were premature] and 672 age, sex and ethnicity-ma...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Kidney Source Type: research

Difference in SBP between arms is a predictor of chronic kidney disease development in the general Korean population
Conclusion: Increased IASBPD is an independent predictor of incident CKD in the general population. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Kidney Source Type: research

EPHA4 regulates vascular smooth muscle cell contractility and is a sex-specific hypertension risk gene in individuals with type 2 diabetes
Conclusion: EPHA4 appears to be a sex-specific hypertension risk gene in type 2 diabetic patients. Forward EPHA4 signalling reduces VSMC contractility, and estrogen is a modifier of this effect. The effect of EPHA4 on VSMCs contractility explains the association of EPHA4 gene with hypertension risks in female patients. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Heart and vessels Source Type: research

Ambulatory pulse pressure components: concept, determination and clinical relevance*
Conclusion: Ambulatory PP components provide a novel and clinically valuable tool bridging between PP and arterial properties. Replacing PP by its components, taken as independent variables, may improve predictive power. The prognostic significance of the PP for all-cause mortality in elderly hypertensive patients with lower heart rates is dominated by its smaller component that quantifies arterial stiffening with pressure. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Heart and vessels Source Type: research

A retrospective study of arterial stiffness and subsequent clinical outcomes in cancer patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention
Conclusion: Atherosclerosis is advanced and accelerated in patients with malignancy, and these patients had significantly higher rates of adverse cardiovascular events, and their risk might be stratified by ABI and baPWV. Registration: University Hospital Medical Information Network-CTR (http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/). Identifier: Kumamoto University Malignancy and Atherosclerosis study (UMIN000028652). Public access information: Opt-out materials are available at the following website: http://www.kumadai-junnai.com/home/wp-content/uploads/akusei.pdf. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Heart and vessels Source Type: research

The impact of arterial hypertension on left ventricular strain in patients with aortic stenosis and preserved ejection fraction
Conclusion: Hypertension had additional significant negative influence on LV mechanics in patients with significant aortic stenosis. Blood pressure was associated with LV global longitudinal and circumferential strains in aortic stenosis patients independently of main clinical and demographic characteristics. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Heart and vessels Source Type: research

Left ventricular hypertrophy identified by cardiac computed tomography and ECG in hypertensive individuals: a population-based study
Objectives: Screening of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a biomarker of organ damage in hypertensive individuals and associated with increased mortality. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) is widely expanding worldwide; however, the value of CT assessment of LVH is unknown. We aimed to identify individuals with LVH using both cardiac CT and electrocardiograms (ECG) and to explore potential differences between these phenotypical distinct diagnostic modalities. Methods: Participants in the Copenhagen General Population Study underwent 12-lead ECG and cardiac CT and were evaluated for the presence of LVH. Multiple EC...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Heart and vessels Source Type: research

Impact of the 2017 Blood Pressure Guidelines by the American Academy of Pediatrics in overweight/obese youth
This study included 6137 overweight/obese youth; 437 had echocardiographic assessment. Hypertension was defined using either ESHG2016 or AAPG2017. ALVG was defined using 95th percentile for age and sex of left ventricular mass index (LVMi) and/or relative wall thickness (RWT) more than 0.38 (juvenile cut-offs) according to ESHG2016 or LVMi more than 51 g/h2.7 and/or RWT more than 0.42 (adult cut-offs) according to AAPG2017. Results: Prevalence of youth at a high risk of hypertension was 13% higher using AAPG2017 than ESHG2016. The increase was larger in overweight youth at least 13 years of age (+43%). Using the juven...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Metabolic aspects Source Type: research

Interaction between low-density lipoprotein-cholesterolaemia, serum uric level and incident hypertension: data from the Brisighella Heart Study
Conclusion: In an overall healthy population sample, the contemporary presence of suboptimal LDL-C and SUA values is associated with an increased risk to develop hypertension. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Metabolic aspects Source Type: research

Normotensive patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: changes in 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring with continuous positive airway pressure treatment
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the CPAP effects may be different in normotensive outpatients depending on the presence of undiagnosed masked hypertension and the dipping pattern. Therefore, it is important to consider measuring ABPM in this type of patient. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Metabolic aspects Source Type: research

A brief submaximal isometric exercise test ‘unmasks’ systolic and diastolic masked hypertension
Objectives: An exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response during dynamic exercise testing has been proposed as an additional screening tool to identify systolic masked hypertension (masked-HYP). However, masked-HYP in young people is often characterized by an elevated DBP. Static/isometric exercise elicits augmented sympathetic stimulation causing greater increases in both SBP and DBP than dynamic exercise. Aims: To examine whether individuals with masked-HYP exhibit exaggerated BP responses during a submaximal handgrip vs. normotensive individuals and individuals with sustained hypertension (true-HYP), and the possible...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Diagnosis Source Type: research

Hypertension and childhood migration: a nationwide study of 2.7 million adolescents
Objectives: Immigration studies can shed light on hypertension development and reveal high-risk populations. To this end, we investigated the association between age at immigration and hypertension occurrence at adolescence among immigrants to Israel. Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional data on 2 681 294 adolescents assessed for mandatory military service at approximately 17 years of age between 1967 and 2016. The study population constituted of 410 488 immigrants with origins in Ethiopia, Middle East and North Africa, Former USSR and Western Countries. Age at immigration was categorized into 0–5, 6&ndash...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Combined impact of risk factors on the subsequent development of hypertension
This study aimed to develop a cumulative score composed of seven risk factors: age, resting heart rate, overweight or obesity, dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia, impaired glucose regulation, and impaired estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), to evaluate the risk of new-onset hypertension. Methods: We retrospectively conducted a cohort study in 23 665 participants free from hypertension at baseline, who attended at least two annual health examinations between 2011 and 2016. We defined hypertension as SBP of 140 mmHg or less and/or DBP of at least 90 mmHg, according to the 2010 Chinese guidelines for the management...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Hypertension prevalence and risk factors among residents of four slum communities: population-representative findings from Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Conclusion: Hypertension prevalence was high across the age spectrum, in addition to substantial levels of overweight/obesity and unmet healthcare needs. It is important to better understand the possible effects of intraurban migration and environmental risk factors on hypertension and ensure that the benefits of increasingly cost-effective prevention and treatment programmes extend to slum residents. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Assessing medication adherence: a new quality metric?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: EDITORIAL COMMENTARIES Source Type: research

Immigration and hypertension in youths learning from one country's experience
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: EDITORIAL COMMENTARIES Source Type: research

Effects of herbs and spices on blood pressure: a systematic literature review of randomised controlled trials
This article reviewed randomized controlled trials investigating effects of herbs and spices on blood pressure in normotensive, pre-hypertensive and hypertensive participants. Ovid Medline, Embase, Biological abstracts, CINAHL and Cochrane Collaboration were systematically searched. After inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, nine articles were included for analysis. Overall, three of the nine studies reported statistically significant results, including one of the two studies on hypertensive participants and two of the six studies on pre-hypertensive participants. The remaining study was conducted on normotensive...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research

Defining the relationship between arm and leg blood pressure readings: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion: This is the first review to provide empirical data defining the difference between BP in the arm and leg in the general population. Findings suggest a diagnostic threshold of 155/90 mmHg could be used for diagnosing hypertension when only ankle measurements are available in routine practice. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research

Highlights of the April issue
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: EDITOR'S CORNER Source Type: research

Renin-dependent hypertension cured with percutaneous radiofrequency ablation
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Impact of diastolic blood pressure threshold for the young population: the Japan Arteriosclerosis Longitudinal Study (JALS)
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

The evidence on the 2018 ESC/ESH Guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension in African ancestry patients
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Different prognostic associations of beta-blockers and diuretics in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction with versus without high blood pressure
This study compared the risk factors for and prognostic impacts of treatments on in-hospital mortality between HFpEF patients with (+) and without (–) high blood pressure (HBP). Methods: Data on 2238 consecutive HFpEF patients were extracted from Tokyo CCU Network data registry and analysed. HFpEF was defined as an ejection fraction greater than or equal to 50%; HBP was defined as elevated systolic blood pressure (>140 mmHg) at admission. Potential risk factors for in-hospital mortality were selected by univariate analyses and those with P  (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research

Diabetic patients with essential hypertension treated with amlodipine: blood pressure and arterial stiffness effects of canagliflozin or perindopril
Conclusion: Canagliflozin reduced BP and improve arterial stiffness, independently of the BP effect. These two conditions could explain the cardiovascular protection observed with canagliflozin compared with perindopril. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research

Effect of antihypertensive therapy on development of incident conduction system disease in hypertensive patients
Conclusion: Incident IVCD, but not BBB, is significantly reduced by losartan-based treatment. Further study is warranted to assess the potential differential impact of this therapy on QRS prolongation vs. development of more discrete conduction system block. Clinical Trials Registration: http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct/show/NCT00338260?order=1 (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research

Neuropeptidase activity in the frontal cortex of Wistar–Kyoto and spontaneously hypertensive rats treated with vasoactive drugs: a bilateral study
Conclusion: Our results suggest specific brain bilateral patterns of neuropeptidase activities in WKY that change in SHR. This observation may be related to the cognitive disorders that have been described in these animals and that change under antihypertensive or hypertensive drug's treatments. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Treatment Source Type: research

10 good reasons why adrenal vein sampling is the preferred method for referring primary aldosteronism patients for adrenalectomy
Nowadays most patients diagnosed with surgically curable primary aldosteronism have small or micro aldosterone-producing adenoma or unilateral micronodular hyperplasia, which are undetectable with available imaging technologies. Therefore, a negative imaging test by no means excludes unilateral primary aldosteronism. Moreover, about 10% of the subjects above the age of 35 years have nonfunctioning adrenal tumors, regardless of being hypertensive or not, with a prevalence that raises with aging. Hence, the finding of an adrenal mass at imaging does not reliably detect the culprit of primary aldosteronism. On the other hand,...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Secondary hypertension Source Type: research

Surprisingly low aldosterone levels in peripheral veins following intravenous sedation during adrenal vein sampling: implications for the concept of nonsuppressibility in primary aldosteronism
Background: Constituitively high and nonsuppressible aldosterone levels are considered to be the hallmark of primary aldosteronism. We observed a high proportion of primary aldosteronism patients with surprisingly low aldosterone levels in peripheral veins during adrenal vein sampling (AVS) and sought to further characterize the phenomenon. Methods: Database analysis of patients with primary aldosteronism at the University of Calgary who underwent AVS under intravenous sedation. Aldosterone levels following sedation were compared with aldosterone measured at diagnosis in the free-living state. A validation analysis wa...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Secondary hypertension Source Type: research

Midregional proadrenomedullin predicts reduced blood pressure and glucose elevation over time despite enhanced progression of obesity markers
Conclusion: Despite cross-sectional associations with higher levels of blood pressure and glucose, high levels of MR-proADM predict a slower progression of blood pressure and glycemia during long-term follow-up. Conversely, the cross-sectional associations with higher levels of MR-proADM and obesity were paralleled by a faster progression of obesity markers over time. These results may be important for assessment of long-term effects of therapies modulating levels of ADM. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Secondary hypertension Source Type: research

Hypermethylation of delta-like homolog 1/maternally expressed gene 3 loci in human umbilical veins: insights into offspring vascular dysfunction born after preeclampsia
Background: Increasing epidemiological studies have confirmed the association between maternal preeclampsia and elevated blood pressure in their offspring. Though case–control or cohort studies have demonstrated long-term outcomes for the offspring of preeclampsia, it is still a question that how these changes were caused by genetic reasons or by preeclampsia itself. Objective: In our study, we explored the potential epigenetic regulation of delta-like homolog 1–maternally expressed gene 3 (DLK1–MEG3) region in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and its connection with endothelium-deriv...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Pregnancy Source Type: research

Impact of hypertension on retinal capillary microvasculature using optical coherence tomographic angiography
Conclusion: In adults with treated systemic hypertension, retinal capillary density reduced with higher BP and poorer eGFR. These findings highlight the potential role of OCT-A to study early microvascular changes because of systemic hypertension. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Vessels Source Type: research

Determinants of pulse wave velocity trajectories from youth to young adulthood: the Georgia Stress and Heart Study
Objective: Increased arterial stiffness measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV) has been shown to be an important parameter of cardiovascular risk. Longitudinal development of PWV from youth to early adulthood and its possible sociodemographic, anthropometric, hemodynamic and behavioral moderators will be illustrated. Methods: Individual growth curves of carotid–distal PWV across age were created for 559 African American and European American men and women with a maximum of five assessments over an average of 7-year follow-up (mean age at participants’ first assessment, 22.3 ± 3.4). Results: Af...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Vessels Source Type: research

Wave reflections in hypertension: role of sex, metabolic, and ethnic factors
Objectives: Although the links between pulsatile hemodynamics and age are widely acknowledged in hypertension, the interactions of sex, ethnicity, and metabolic factors with hemodynamic parameters remain largely unknown. We investigated the effects of body weight, glycemia, and cholesterolemia on the carotid augmentation index (CAI) and potential changes over time, with particular focus on the roles of sex and ethnicity. Methods: Baseline (V1) and repeat (V2) measurements (at ∼1.7 years) of wave reflections (calculated from CAI), brachial and carotid pulse pressure, and heart rate were assessed in 2530 normotensiv...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Vessels Source Type: research

Arterial stiffness and hypertension status in Afro-Caribbean men
Objective: African ancestry individuals are at high risk for hypertensive cardiovascular disease (CVD) and could benefit from early detection of arterial stiffening. We tested the association between the 2017 ACC/AHA hypertension categorizations, which include new blood pressure (BP) cutoffs and a definition for elevated BP, and arterial stiffness in 772 Afro-Caribbean men aged 50+ years (mean 64 years). Methods: Arterial stiffness was assessed by brachial–ankle pulse-wave velocity (PWV) using a waveform analyzer. Hypertension groups were based on the 2017 ACC/AHA guidelines and by pharmacologic control status. ...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Vessels Source Type: research

Left ventricular myocardial dysfunction in young and middle-aged ischemic stroke patients: the Norwegian stroke in the young study
Background: Hypertension is highly prevalent in ischemic stroke patients, but less is known about its impact on subclinical left ventricular (LV) dysfunction in such patients. Methods: Conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography was performed in 276 young (15–44 years) and middle-aged (45–60 years) ischemic stroke patients (mean age 50 ± 9 years, 66% men). Hypertension was defined as a history of hypertension, use of antihypertensive medications, persistently elevated blood pressure (BP) during hospitalization or elevated clinic BP (≥140/90 mmHg) and ambulatory BP (≥130/80 mmHg)...
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: Heart Source Type: research

Ten-second central SBP variability predicts first and recurrent cardiovascular events
Conclusion: Ten-second central SBPV parameters predict first and recurrent cardiovascular events. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: BP variability Source Type: research

The utility of long-term blood pressure variability for cardiovascular risk prediction in primary care
Conclusion: The association of BP variability with CVD is statistically significant in a large data set but does not substantially improve the performance of a cardiovascular risk score. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: BP variability Source Type: research

The influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation index on arterial blood pressure
Conclusion: These results provided new evidence that the NAO index may be affect the value of SBP and DBP in the elderly during the period of spring–autumn. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: BP variability Source Type: research

‘My blood pressure is low today, do you have the heating on?’ The association between indoor temperature and blood pressure
Conclusion: The size of the independent association between indoor temperature and BP suggests it should be considered in the clinical management of hypertension and in hypertension research. Room temperature should also be considered as a modifiable risk factor in hypertension-related mortality and morbidity. (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: ORIGINAL PAPERS: BP variability Source Type: research

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy: an extreme in the cardiovascular continuum?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: EDITORIAL COMMENTARIES Source Type: research

Stroke, arterial hypertension and left ventricular mechanics
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Hypertension)
Source: Journal of Hypertension - February 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: EDITORIAL COMMENTARIES Source Type: research