Epidemiology, risk factors and outcomes of multi-drug resistant bloodstream infections in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients: importance of previous gut colonisation
Conclusions Previous gut-colonisation by MDR was an independent risk factor for BSI and had impact on outcome as well as TPN and age. These findings point point to the fact that gut decolonisation may be a potential strategy to prevent BSI. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

‘One size does not fit all’ – customizing hand hygiene agents, messages, and interventions
Publication date: Available online 10 March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): E. Tartari, D. Pires, D. Pittet (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

‘It's in your hands – prevent sepsis in health care’: 5th May 2018, World Health Organization (WHO) SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands campaign
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): H. Saito, T. Borzykowski, C. Kilpatrick, D. Pires, B. Allegranzi, D. Pittet (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 9, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Examining the epidemiology and microbiology of Clostridium difficile carriage in elderly patients and residents of a healthcare facility in southern Ontario, Canada
Conclusion C. difficile colonization by ACF and LTCF residents was common, despite a low apparent incidence of CDI. The association with PPI provides further evidence of the potential importance of this widely used drug class in C. difficile colonization. Wide genetic diversity was present, highlighting the likelihood of multiple unidentified routes of C. difficile acquisition. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Vaccination of healthcare workers against influenza: does a day off make a difference?
This article presents the results of actions undertaken to increase influenza vaccine uptake by healthcare workers (HCWs) in Greece during the 2016–2017 influenza season. Influenza vaccination among HCWs increased from 10.9% in acute care hospitals and 24.3% in primary healthcare centres in 2015–2016 to 18% in acute care hospitals and 34.6% in primary healthcare centers in 2016–2017. Vaccination on site at the healthcare facility and use of reward systems were significantly associated with increased vaccination rates. Offering vaccinated HCWs one day off work was associated with the greatest increase in i...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 8, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Multi-Hospital Point Prevalence Study of Healthcare-Associated Infections in 28 Adult Intensive Care Units in Brazil
Conclusion Our study found that the overall prevalence of ICU-acquired infections in surveyed Brazilian hospitals was higher than that reported in most European countries and the USA. A greater proportion of infections were caused by non-fermenting Gram-negative bacteria. These observations, along with a high rate of antimicrobial use, illustrates the urgent need for HAIs to be a priority in the public health agenda of Brazil. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Clearance of Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae versus Vancomycin-resistant enterococci carriage after fecal microbiota transplant: a prospective comparative study
Conclusion CRE and VRE clearance rate are not significantly different, possibly due the small sample size, but there is a trend. These data should be confirmed by larger cohorts and randomized trials. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Obstetric competence and compliance with surgical hand antisepsis prior to elective and emergency surgical procedures: A closed-loop audit
Publication date: Available online 2 March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): Rucira Ooi, Anthony Griffiths (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Hand hygiene and compliance behaviours are the under-appreciated human factors pivotal to reducing hospital-acquired infections
Publication date: Available online 2 March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): C.P. Dunne, L. Kingston, B. Slevin, N.H. O’Connell (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

World Antibiotic Awareness Week 2017 and its influence on digital information seeking on antibiotic resistance: a Google Trends study
Publication date: Available online 2 March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): Y. Ortiz-Martínez, C. Galindo-Regino, F. Valdes-Villegas, K. Mendoza-Borja, M.R. González-Hurtado, V. Chávez-Verbel (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Mobile phones and computer keyboards: unlikely reservoirs of multidrug-resistant organisms in the tertiary intensive care unit
Publication date: Available online 2 March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): O. Smibert, A.K. Aung, E. Woolnough, G.P. Carter, M.B. Schultz, B.P. Howden, T. Seemann, D. Spelman, S. McGloughlin, A.Y. Peleg Few studies have utilized molecular epidemiological methods to study transmission links to clinical isolates in intensive care units. 94 multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO) cultured from routine specimens from ICU patients over 13 weeks were stored (11 MRSA, 2 VRE and 81 Gram-negative bacteria). Medical staff personal mobile phones, departmental phones and ICU keyboards were swabbed and cultured for ...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Reducing blood culture contamination using a departmental report card
Publication date: Available online 2 March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): Frederic S. Zimmerman, Marc V. Assous, Amos M. Yinnon, Yonit Wiener-Well (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - March 3, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Active Surveillance for Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci and Toxigenic Clostridium difficile among Patients transferred from Long-term Care Facilities in Korea
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): Joo-Hee Hwang, Jeong Su Park, Eunyoung Lee, Ji Yun Bae, Kyoung-Ho Song, Pyoeng Gyun Choe, Wan Beom Park, Ji Hwan Bang, Eu Suk Kim, Sang Won Park, Nam Joong Kim, Myoung-don Oh, Hong Bin Kim A 10-month active surveillance study was conducted to assess carriage of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE), vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) and toxigenic Clostridium difficile colonization among patients transferred to hospital from long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Four (1.4%) carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriacea...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 22, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

‘It’s in your hands – prevent sepsis in health care’: 5th May 2018, World Health Organization (WHO) SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands campaign
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): H. Saito, T. Borzykowski, C. Kilpatrick, D. Pires, B. Allegranzi, D. Pittet (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Recommendations for the successful control of a large outbreak of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE) in a non-endemic hospital setting
Conclusion Infection control measures according to international guidelines were insufficient to expose the outbreak to its full extent, and control it. Its full extent only became apparent after sustained hospital-wide screening. Successful control of this hospital-wide VRE outbreak was feasible, but required great effort. Final containment and eradication of the epidemic clones was achieved by environmental decontamination with hydrogen peroxide vapour, strict isolation precautions, a VRE quarantine ward and antimicrobial stewardship. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Emergence, transmission and phylogeny of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus sequence type 8 (USA300) in Taiwan
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): Yhu-Chering Huang, Chih-Jung Chen, Ching-Chia Kuo, Min-Chi Lu We identified 27 (0.51%) USA300 isolates from a pool of 5308 meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates collected in Taiwan between 1995 and October 2015, including 12 infecting isolates from 10 patients. The first two isolates were identified in 2005 and 23 isolates since 2010. Phylogenetic analysis revealed all the local isolates were closely related to those in North America and there was a clade consisting of 13 local isolates from 10 patients...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Nosocomial ventriculitis caused by a meticillin- and linezolid-resistant clone of Staphylococcus epidermidis in neurosurgical patients
Conclusion The high ratio of linezolid consumption in the ICU (7.72-8.10 DDDs/100 patients-days) could have selected this resistant clone, which has probably become endemic in the ICU, where it could have colonized admitted patients. Infection control and antimicrobial stewardship interventions are essential to prevent the dissemination of this difficult to treat pathogen and to preserve the therapeutic efficacy of linezolid. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Ventilator-associated events as a quality indicator in intensive care units
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): M.C.S. de Almeida, E.A.S. Medeiros, F. Agena, C.C. Oliveira, M.V.Y. Swawamura, S.F. Costa, M.J.C. Carmona, L.M. de Sa Malbouisson (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Estimating the additional costs of surgical site infections: length bias, time-dependent bias, and conditioning on the future
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): T. Heister, M. Wolkewitz, K. Kaier (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence of multidrug-resistant organisms in migrant children admitted to an Italian cardiac surgery department, 2015 –2016
We report the results of microbiological screening in 141 Italian and 354 migrant children candidates for cardiac surgery conducted in 2015–2016. In all, 25% of Italian children and more than 65.4% of African and Romanian children carried at least one MDRO (meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; extended-spectrum β-lactamase enzymes; carbapenemase producers; and vancomycin-resistant enterococci). Based on our findings, we propose that non-geographically limited approaches are needed to improve infection prevention and control. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Clonal spread of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in a neonatal intensive care unit
This study describes a clonal spread of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) isolates in an NICU. In total, 21 CRAB isolates were collected from premature newborns. Only polymyxin B was active against such isolates. Nineteen CRAB isolates were clonally related (Cluster C, which belonged to worldwide-disseminated ST1). All newborns had peripheral access and had received β-lactam therapy previously. The implementation of strict infection control measures was of fundamental importance to eradicate the clonal type in the study hospital. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Outbreak of Burkholderia cepacia pseudobacteraemia caused by intrinsically contaminated commercial 0.5% chlorhexidine solution in neonatal intensive care units
Conclusions The pseudobacteraemia cases were caused by contaminated 0.5% CHG produced by a single manufacturer. Stricter government regulation is needed to prevent contamination of disinfectants during manufacturing. In addition, microbial contamination of antiseptics and disinfectants should be suspected when a B. cepacia outbreak occurs in hospitalized patients. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Control of endemic multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria after removal of sinks and implementing a new water-safe policy in an intensive care unit
Conclusion The implementation of a new water-safe policy, which included the removal of sinks from all patient rooms, successfully improved the control of MDR-GNB spread in an ICU with endemic infection. Our results support the contribution of sink use with the incidence of MDR-GNB in endemic environments. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) polymerase chain reaction assay on rectal swabs and enrichment broth for detection of ESBL carriage
Conclusion Screening for ESBL by PCR directly on rectal swabs has a high negative predictive value, is up to 48h faster than traditional culture and therefore facilitates earlier discontinuation of contact precautions, thereby improving patient care and saving valuable resources in the hospital. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Rapid emergence of colistin resistance and its impact on fatality among healthcare-associated infections
This article describes the emergence of resistance and predictors of fatality for 1556 cases of healthcare-associated Gram-negative bloodstream infection in 2014 and 2015. The colistin resistance rate in Klebsiella pneumoniae was 16.1%, compared with 6% in 2013. In total, 660 (42.4%) cases were fatal. The highest fatality rate was among patients with Acinetobacter baumannii bacteraemia (58%), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (45%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (41%), Enterobacter cloacae (32%) and Escherichia coli (28%). On multi-variate analysis, the minimum inhibitory concentrations for carbapenems [odds ratio (OR) 1.02, 95% ...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Pattern of Gram-negative bloodstream infections and their antibiotic susceptibility profiles in a neonatal intensive care unit
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 98, Issue 3 Author(s): F. Sana, L. Satti, G. Zaman, A. Gardezi, A. Imtiaz, A. Ahmed, M.T. Khadim (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Fluoroquinolone prophylaxis in haematopoietic bone marrow transplantation: a driver for antimicrobial resistance
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 98, Issue 3 Author(s): N. Mahida, T. Boswell (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Selection of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a haematology unit?
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 98, Issue 3 Author(s): M.I. Garvey, C.W. Bradley, M.J. Biggs, E. Holden, M.J. Gill (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Reducing Escherichia coli bacteraemia associated with catheter-associated urinary tract infections in the secondary care setting
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 98, Issue 3 Author(s): C.W. Bradley, H. Flavell, L. Raybould, H. McCoy, L. Dempster, E. Holden, M.I. Garvey (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Optimization of the blood culture pathway: a template for improved sepsis management and diagnostic antimicrobial stewardship
Publication date: March 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 98, Issue 3 Author(s): M.J. Weinbren, M. Collins, R. Heathcote, M. Umar, M. Nisar, C. Ainger, P. Masters Laboratory processing of blood cultures has remained static over the past 30 years, despite increasing antibiotic resistance and advances in analyser design. At the study hospital, siting the blood culture analyser in the blood sciences laboratory and optimizing the pre-analytical and analytic phases of blood culture management resulted in a reduction in the time taken to detect most blood culture isolates to <12h. Fifty percent of positiv...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 17, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Use of ultraviolet-fluorescence-based simulation in evaluation of personal protective equipment worn for first assessment and care of a patient with suspected high-consequence infectious disease
Conclusion All suspected case PPE ensembles either had post-doffing contamination events or other significant disadvantages to their use. This identified the need to design a unified PPE ensemble and doffing procedure, incorporating the most protective PPE considered for each body area. This work has been presented to, and reviewed by, key stakeholders to decide on a proposed unified ensemble, subject to further evaluation. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 16, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Does Saline Enema During the First Stage of Labour Reduce the Incidence of Clostridium difficile Colonization in Neonates? Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusion This study suggests that a saline enema for the mother during the first stage of labor may be useful in reducing the risk of neonatal gut colonization by C. difficile. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 14, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Evaluation of ozonated water on the basis of ASTM E1174 for standardized testing of hand wash formulations for healthcare personnel
Publication date: Available online 13 February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): K. Nakamura, K. Saito, J. Kashiwazaki, T. Aoyagi, K. Arai, Y. Hara, S. Kobari, H. Mori, K. Ohashi, Y. Takano, M. Kaku, K. Kanemitsu We evaluated the bacterial removal effects of hand washing with ozonated water using the ASTM E1174 standard test method. Thirty healthy volunteers were assigned randomly to three groups: ozonated water, antimicrobial soap and water, and non-antimicrobial soap and water. A 3 log10 CFU reduction was achieved by washing hands with ozonated water or antimicrobial soap and water. However, ozonated ...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 14, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Antimicrobial surfaces to prevent healthcare-associated infections: a systematic review: a different view
Publication date: Available online 12 February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): Michael G. Schmidt, Cassandra D. Salgado, Katherine D. Freeman, Joseph F. John, Robert J. Cantey, Peter A. Sharpe, Harold T. Michels (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 12, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Persistent contamination of heater –cooler units for extracorporeal circulation cured by chlorhexidine–alcohol in water tanks
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): S. Romano-Bertrand, M. Evrevin, C. Dupont, J.-M. Frapier, J.-C. Sinquet, E. Bousquet, B. Albat, E. Jumas-Bilak Recently, surgical site infections due to non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) have been linked to heater–cooler unit contamination. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and manufacturers now recommend the use of hydrogen peroxide in filtered water to fill heater–cooler unit tanks. After implementation of these measures in our hospital, heater–cooler units became heavily contaminate...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Bacteriology and cefuroxime-resistance in endophthalmitis following cataract surgery before and after the introduction of prophylactic intracameral cefuroxime: a retrospective single-centre study
Conclusions Intracameral cefuroxime achieves a reduction of the rate of endophthalmitis after cataract surgery and brings about a shift in pathogens from cefuroxime sensitive to cefuroxime resistant organisms. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

qPCR detection of Lichtheimia species in bandages associated with cutaneous mucormycosis in burn patients
Conclusion Our data support the utility of Mucorales qPCR for epidemiological investigations, the potential role of these bandages in cutaneous mucormycoses in burn patients in our center, and, consequently, the need for sterile bandages for the dressing of extensive wounds. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

2017 Acknowledgement of reviewers
Publication date: Available online 9 February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Resistance Patterns of Enterobacteriaceae in Urines are Similar in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Patients
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): Alberto Romero Palacios, Fahad AL. dhufairi, Chelsey Ellis, Daniel Smyth, Lorraine Maze Dit Mieusement, Allison McGeer, Dominik Mertz Antibiograms of urine cultures are being used to guide empiric treatment for urinary tract infections (UTI). However, roughly 50% of urine cultures are from patients with asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU). It is unclear whether enterobacteriaceae in ABU patients have similar resistance patterns as UTI patients. Hence, we aimed to compare the antimicrobial resistance patterns in patients with ABU...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Differential Time to Positivity of Central and Peripheral Blood Cultures is Inaccurate for the Diagnosis of Staphylococcus aureus Long-Term Catheter-Related Sepsis
Conclusions These results strongly suggest that despite its high specificity, the differential positivity time may not be reliable to rule out catheter-related bloodstream infections due to S. aureus. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Is cohorting the only solution to control carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae outbreaks? A single centre experience
Conclusion Understanding ward variables associated with CPE spread can help design suitable solutions. Colonization pressure and antibiotic consumption seems to be driving in-hospital transmission, along with caregiver to patient ratio. In presence of high colonization pressure, dedicated healthcare workers for managing CPE patients should be implemented. Coordination between ICT and antimicrobial stewardship team is also crucial to prevent CPE spread. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Impact of moving to a new hospital build, with a high proportion of single rooms, on healthcare-associated infections and outbreaks
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 98, Issue 2 Author(s): E.S.R. Darley, J. Vasant, J. Leeming, F. Hammond, S. Matthews, M. Albur, R. Reynolds Clostridium difficile infection, meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and Escherichia coli bacteraemia rates, and bed-days lost during norovirus outbreaks at North Bristol NHS Trust were analysed over a five-year period to determine whether moving to a new-build hospital with 75% single rooms reduced healthcare-associated infection rates. C. difficile, MSSA bacteraemia and E. coli bacteraemia showed no change in the r...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Temperature-controlled airflow ventilation in  operating rooms compared with laminar airflow and turbulent mixed airflow
Conclusion TcAF and LAF remove bacteria more efficiently from the air than TMA, especially close to the wound and at the instrument table. Like LAF, the new TcAF ventilation system maintained very low levels of cfu in the air, but TcAF used substantially less energy and provided a more comfortable working environment than LAF. This enables energy savings with preserved air quality. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Evaluation of sedation-related medication errors in patients on contact isolation in the intensive care unit
Conclusions Isolated patients were not at increased risk of oversedation compared with non-isolated patients. There was an association between the use of contact isolation for MRSA nares colonization and prolonged ICU stay and prolonged MV. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Influence of methylation on the bacterial efflux pump-inducing property of triclosan
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 98, Issue 2 Author(s): S. Tembe, P. Ghosh, S. Sukhi (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Vitek ®2 cannot identify vancomycin-intermediate isolates: missing the opportunity for Staphylococcus aureus therapy
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 98, Issue 2 Author(s): P.G.M. Morgado, T.M. da Costa, A.P. Damasco, V.N. Ribeiro, A.L.P. Ferreira, S.A. Nouér, K.R.N. dos Santos (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Staphylococcus aureus dry-surface biofilms are more resistant to heat treatment than traditional hydrated biofilms
Conclusion S. aureus dry-surface biofilms are less susceptible to killing by dry heat and steam autoclaving than hydrated biofilms, which are less susceptible to heat treatment than planktonic suspensions. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Genomic characterization of a paediatric MRSA outbreak by next-generation sequencing
Conclusion This analysis confirmed the occurrence of an outbreak. As such, standard infection control measures were strictly enforced, and this led to prompt termination of the outbreak. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Evaluation of single vs pooled swab cultures for detecting MRSA colonization
Conclusions Pooling of MRSA screening swabs for either direct culture on chromogenic agar or enrichment culture is suitable for routine use. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Randomized controlled trial of honey versus mupirocin to decolonize patients with nasal colonization of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Conclusion Although not significant, a decolonization rate of 42.8% for MGH was impressive. Our findings suggest that this strategy, which has the potential to combat antimicrobial resistance, should be assessed in similar but larger studies. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - February 6, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research