Can we explain environmental contamination by particular traits associated with patients?
Publication date: Available online 20 December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Benoit Pilmis, Typhaine Billard-Pomares, Maelyss Martin, Christelle Clarempuy, Celine Lemezo, Christelle Saint-Marc, Nathalie Bourlon, Delphine Seytre, Etienne Carbonnelle, Jean-Ralph ZaharAbstractBackgroundLittle is known about patient risk factors associated with environmental contamination. The aim of this study was to both evaluate the rate of environmental contamination and to investigate individual risk factors.MethodsWe conducted a prospective cohort study. Each day, 5 rooms occupied by patients were selected. Five cri...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 21, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Advantage of pH neutral peracetic acid over peracetic acid in reduction of viable count of biofilms
Publication date: Available online 20 December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): B. Meyer, S. Eschborn, M. Schmidt, H. Gabriel, F.H.H. Brill (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 21, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Excess burden associated with Clostridioides difficile infection in haematological patients occurring during hospitalization with induction chemotherapy in the United States
CONCLUSIONThe findings highlight a significant burden associated with CDI in haematological patients undergoing induction chemotherapy in the US. There is an important need for prevention of CDI in this specific patient population. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 21, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Risk factors for cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections during an outbreak: A case control study
ConclusionNo modifiable risk factors were associated with CSF shunt infection. After implementation of surgical protocol changes, no further cases of CSF shunt infection linked to the outbreak were identified. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 21, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Testing of the WHO Infection Prevention and Control Assessment Framework at the Acute Health Care Facility Level
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): S. Tomczyk, S. Aghdassi, J. Storr, S. Hansen, A.J. Stewardson, P. Bischoff, P. Gastmeier, B. AllegranziStructured summaryBackgroundMonitoring and evaluation are an essential part of infection prevention and control (IPC) implementation. We developed an IPC assessment framework (IPACF) to support the World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines on IPC Core Components implementation in acute health care facilities.AimWe aimed to evaluate the usability and reliability of the IPCAF tool for global use.MethodsThe IPCAF is a question...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 21, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Economic Evaluation of Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci (VRE) Control Practices: A Systematic Review
ConclusionMost studies show that some form of VRE screening and use of Contact Precautions is cost-effective. The low study quality and heterogeneity of interventions and comparators precludes definitive conclusions about the cost effectiveness of specific VRE control interventions. Additional high-quality economic evaluations are needed to strengthen the available evidence. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 18, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Mucosal impact of alcoholic povidone-iodine indicated in preoperative disinfection
ConclusionOur study is the first to analyse the impact of API on genital mucous membranes. In our study conditions, API had no impact on the mucous membranes, suggesting that it can be used safely. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 18, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Core genome MLST as an essential tool in a high cost livestock associated MRSA CC398 hospital outbreak
ConclusionLA-MRSA CC398 is transmittable in hospitals, and intervention against transmission may reach considerable costs. CgMLST is useful in surveillance of hospital transmission of LA-MRSA. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 18, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The challenge of antimicrobial prescribing for hospital-acquired pneumonia
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): D.G. Wootton, S.J. Aston, T.W. Felton (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 13, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Costs associated with measles in healthcare personnel during the 2017-2018 epidemic in Greece: a real-world data cost-of-illness analysis
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Helena C. Maltezou, Xanthi Dedoukou, Elpida Pavi, Maria Thoeodoridou, Kostas AthanasakisSummaryMeasles represents an occupational risk for healthcare personnel (HCP). A total of 117 cases of measles among HCP were notified in Greece during 2017-2018. We were able to contact 46 of them. Most of those contacted had a serious clinical course with complications, necessitating hospitalization in 67% of cases. All HCP reported absenteeism, for a mean duration of 21.2 working days (range: 3-60 days); 54.3% of HCP reported being at w...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 13, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence, genetic diversity of- and factors associated with ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae carriage in residents of French Nursing Homes
ConclusionThis study shows that NHs within our region are an important reservoir of ESBLE, whereas no residents were CPE carrier. ESBLE control in NHs should focus on antibiotic stewardship and excreta management policies. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 13, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Usefulness of the Bristol Stool Form Chart Scoring System for the Laboratory Processing of Faecal Samples in Suspected Clostridioides difficile Cases
In this study, two thirds of GDH positive toxin positive samples were rated BSFC score
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 11, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Can educational speech intervention improve visitors hand hygiene compliance?
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): El Marjiya Villarreal Salma, Khan Samiha, Oduwole Modupe, Sutanto Edward, Vleck Karen, Katz Morgan, William B. GreenoughSummaryBackgroundHand hygiene, a simple and low-cost measure, remains the leading intervention for reducing the burden related to healthcare-associated infections (HAIs). While many interventions have been tested to improve staff hand hygiene compliance, hospital visitors continue to have low compliance rates, which increase the risk of HAIs and resistant organisms’ transmission into hospitals and out ...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 11, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Comparison of a rapid detection fluorescence-based assay targeting tuberculocidal efficacy with EN 14348 and EN 14563
ConclusionThe GFP-based rapid test system compares well with the established European Standard test procedure including both phase 2, step 1 and phase 2, step 2 tests and provides a rapid and sensitive tool for testing germicides for relevant in-use concentrations and contact times. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 11, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Nosocomial infections caused by Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Katerina Tsergouli, Theodoros Karampatakis, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Symeon Metallidis, Anna PapaSummaryCrimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is an acute febrile illness, often accompanied by haemorrhagic manifestations, with high case fatality rate (CFR). The causative agent is CCHF virus (CCHFV) and is transmitted to humans mainly through tick bites or exposure to blood or tissues of viremic patients or livestock. Human-to-human transmission usually occurs in hospital settings and health care workers (HCWs) are mainly affecte...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 9, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Evaluation of a new sink design incorporating ozonated water
ConclusionsThe SmarFLO3™ sink reduces splashback and has the potential to reduce pathogen transmission from sinks. At the low levels of ozone generated in our study, no clear bacterial killing effect was observed compared to tap water alone. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 6, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Long-term endemic situation caused by a linezolid- and meticillin-resistant clone of Staphylococcus epidermidis in a tertiary hospital
ConclusionAn ST2 LZD- and meticillin-resistant clone was found in the ICU and also in wards with low consumption of LZD. This highlights the need to implement and maintain infection control measures as well as antimicrobial stewardship programmes in all hospital units in order to preserve the efficacy of LZD. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 5, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Global point prevalence survey of antimicrobial consumption in Brazilian hospitals
ConclusionsA high prevalence of antibiotic use was observed in the 18 Brazilian hospitals. The antibiotics were prescribed mainly empirically. Intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics were the most frequent antimicrobials used, showing that reinforcement of de-escalation strategy is needed. The Global-PPS data can be very useful for monitoring stewardship programmes and intervention. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 5, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Looking back on 2019 and commemorating 40 years of HIS and JHI
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Chris Lynch, Nikunj Mahida, Beryl Oppenheim, Jim Gray (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 5, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Specific antibacterial activity of copper alloy touch surfaces in five long-term care facilities for older adults
ConclusionContamination of healthcare facilities touch surfaces can be the source for the spread of bacteria through the institution. This in situ study shows that the frequency of the contamination as well as the specific bacterial population bioburden is reduced on copper alloy surfaces. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Twelve Year Analysis of Aerobic-Only Blood Cultures for Routine Detection of Bacteraemia.
Publication date: Available online 3 December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Simon Stoneham, William Schilling, Alberto San Francisco, Martin LlewelynSummarySampling practices determine the accuracy of blood culture in diagnosing bloodstream infection. Our main acute hospital introduced aerobic-only routine blood cultures aiming to increase the volume and number of aerobic samples. At a smaller acute site aerobic-anaerobic pairs were sent routinely. We compared culture yield and sampling practices at these two sites and found anaerobic cultures increased the yield of pathogens including facultative ana...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 4, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Procalcitonin use in the presence of ambiguous physiological parameters: a help or a hindrance on the acute medical unit?
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): E. Cox, K. Saeed, G. White (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 3, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Blood collection guidelines for inpatients and outpatients, home-based care and long-term care facilities
Publication date: Available online 30 November 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): S. Jain, M-N. Chraiti, D. Pittet, M-L. Mclaws (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - December 2, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The Influence of National Culture and Context on Healthcare Worker Perceptions of Infection Prevention in Greek Neonatal Intensive Care Units
ConclusionImplementing HAI prevention interventions in Greek NICUs will require consideration of contextual features surrounding the delivery of care, with particular attention paid to national culture. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Prevalence, incidence, and risk factors of urinary tract infection among immobile inpatients in China: a prospective, multi-centre study
ConclusionImmobile patients had similar risk factors for UTI as the general population, as well as some additional risk factors. Greater attention is needed in the management of UTI among the population of immobile hospitalized patients. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Adherence to personal protective equipment use among nurses in Japanese tertiary care hospitals: What determines variability?
ConclusionsThis survey systematically identified nursing-associated factors that contribute to PPE compliance. As a practical approach to ensure positive outcomes, we suggest educating nurses by providing adequate knowledge on appropriate PPE use and sharing outbreak or ward shutdown experiences. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Evaluation of PCR assays for direct screening of Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) from rectal swabs: a diagnostic meta-analysis
ConclusionsMolecular techniques seem to be a useful accurate diagnostic tool in screening for carriage of CPE in contact patients around a fortuitous discovery of a non-isolated hospitalized carrier patient. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Perils of the Pneumatic Tube: How Clean Are Your Pods?
Publication date: Available online 29 November 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): P. McMullen, P. Lewis, O. McGugan, K. MortimerSummaryPneumatic tube systems (PTS) are useful features in hospitals for efficient transport of items but further scrutiny reveals their potential risks. We investigated the extent of contamination of pods, used within the PTS with specific alert organisms, namely meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE). Results revealed contamination with VRE (53%) and MRSA (3%), which were reduce...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Outbreak of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae associated with contaminated water dispenser and sink drain in cardiology units in a Korean hospital
ConclusionsThe water dispenser and sink drain were suspected as possible reservoirs of CPE in this outbreak. Close contacts with contaminated water such as tooth brushing were identified as risk factors of CPE acquisition. The education for the adequate use of water environment system as well as the control of hospital water environment should be implemented to prevent the CPE outbreaks. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 29, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Microbiological evaluation of environment cleanliness in hematopoietic cell transplanted (HCT) patient rooms: implementing JACIE standards
ConclusionsMicrobiological assessment integrated with an enhanced monitoring programme for hospital hygiene provides invaluable information to drive infection control policies in HCT patients. Our results highlight the need to set and validate strict standards for cleanliness assessment in a clinical setting. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 29, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Pseudo-outbreak of Mycobacterium paragordonae in a hospital: possible relation to the aerator/rectifier connected to the faucet of the water supply system
ConclusionOur study is one of the few reports which reveal the possibility of pseudo-outbreaks of M. paragordonae in hospitals. This study raises the question whether aerators/rectifiers should be used in hospitals at all, because their mesh structure can promote NTM proliferation in supplied water. The importance of surveillance of bacteria derived from the environment, particularly after hospital reconstruction/renovation, is re-emphasised. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 29, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Hospital Infection, Volume 103, Issue 4Author(s): (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Danish experience of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus eradication with emphasis on nose–throat colonization and supplementary systemic antibiotic treatment
This study aimed to evaluate the Danish Board of Health's guidance for treating the carriage of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), focusing on nose–throat carriage and use of supplementary systemic antibiotics. The results of MRSA eradication treatment among 358 patients were analysed, focusing on those with nose (N=58) or throat (N=183) MRSA colonization. The Danish guidance for MRSA treatment was found to be more successful in patients with nose colonization (66%) compared with throat colonization (41%), despite the fact that the cumulative eradication rates were equal after three treatment cycles (...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 27, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The drugs don't work: evaluation of educational theatre to gauge and influence public opinion on antimicrobial resistance
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): R. Ahmed, A. Bashir, J.E.P. Brown, J.A.G. Cox, A.C. Hilton, C.E. Hilton, P.A. Lambert, E. Theodosiou, J.Q. Tritter, S.J. Watkin, T. WorthingtonSUMMARYIncreased public awareness of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a key component of effective antimicrobial stewardship strategies. Educational theatre combined with an expert panel was used to engage the public about AMR through delivery of a play entitled ‘The drugs don't work’. Audience knowledge and understanding of AMR were measured by pre- and post-play questionn...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 26, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Quality of hospital air
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): H. Humphreys (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 23, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Primary prevention of Clostridioides difficile infection with combination probiotics
Publication date: Available online 19 October 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): T. Nagamine (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 22, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Comparative evaluation of a novel fluorescent marker and environmental surface cultures to assess the efficacy of environmental cleaning practices at a tertiary care hospital
ConclusionsThe FM used in the present study proved to be a simple and cost-effective alternative to commercially available FMs for assessing environmental cleaning practices on daily basis in resource-poor settings. Additional studies making direct comparison of it with the established ones, are warranted before they can be generalized for use. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 22, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Financial and Temporal Costs of Patient Isolation in Norwegian Hospitals
ConclusionsOur study provides novel, detailed evidence on resource use attributable to patient isolation in hospitals that can be used to inform future assessments directed toward precautionary hygienic measures. Our results suggest that allocating additional nurse staffing to wards with large numbers of isolated patients should be considered. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 22, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Assessment of the potential for pathogen dispersal during high-flow nasal therapy
This study aimed to investigate the risk of pathogen dispersal during high-flow nasal therapy. Liquid and bacterial dispersal were assessed via in vitro experimental set-ups using a manikin. Thickened water or fresh yeast solution mimicked saliva and nasal mucus secretions. Dispersal was limited to the proximal area of the face and nasal cannula, suggesting that high-flow nasal therapy does not increase the risk of droplet and contact infection. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 21, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Do pneumatic tube transport systems transmit potential pathogens? A hygienic risk assessment in a University hospital
DiscussionRoutine hygienic maintenance of the PTS makes pathogen transmission by PTS highly unlikely, although entry racks should be regularly disinfected. Any involvement of the PTS in our VRE outbreak was also unlikely. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 21, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Mucosal impact of alcoholic povidone iodine indicated in preoperative disinfection
ConclusionsOur study is the first study analyzing the impact of API on genital mucous membranes. In our study conditions, API had no impact on the mucous membranes, suggesting that it can be used safely. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 17, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Negative pressure wound therapy in elective stoma reversal surgery: results of a UK district general hospital pilot
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Adarsh P. Shah, Renjit Kurian, Edmund LeungSummaryThe role of negative pressure wound therapy in stoma reversal surgery remains unknown. To evaluate this, a retrospective, non-randomised, single-institution, pilot study was conducted. Surgeon preference determined type of wound closure and application of the single-brand negative wound pressure device. No patient in the intervention group suffered wound complications, but five of the thirty-six patients in the control group suffered surgical site infection-related complicatio...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Procalcitonin use in the presence of ambigous physiological parameters: a help or a hindrance on the acute medical unit?
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Ellie Cox, Kordo Saeed (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Whole-genome sequencing identifies highly related Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains in multiple washbasin U-bends at several locations in one hospital: evidence for trafficking of potential pathogens via wastewater pipes
ConclusionHighly related P. aeruginosa strains were identified in multiple U-bends in several DDUH locations, indicating trafficking via the wastewater network. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Implementing a multifaceted framework for proprietorship of hand hygiene compliance in a network of South African hospitals – Leveraging the Ubuntu philosophy
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): A.J. Brink, A.P. Messina, C. Maslo, K. Swart, D. Chunnilall, D. van den Bergh, Netcare Antimicrobial Stewardship and Infection Prevention Study AllianceAbstractBackgroundGiven the lack of hospital-wide ownership and shortage of nurses the ideal model for large-scale implementation of hand hygiene (HH) behaviour change (BC) in low-middle-income countries is unknown.AimThe aim of the multimodal strategy was to engender hospital accountability for HH compliance.MethodsThe quasi-experimental study was conducted in 50 South Africa...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Genetic relationship between bacteria isolated from intraoperative air samples and surgical site infections at a major teaching hospital in Ghana
ConclusionThe study showed high levels of intraoperative airborne bacteria, an SSI-rate of 9% and a genetic link between intraoperative airborne bacteria and bacteria isolated from SSI. This indicates the need for awareness of intraoperative air quality in LMIC. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 16, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Association of malnutrition with surgical site infection following spinal surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsMalnutrition is associated with increased risk of developing SSI after spinal surgery. Further high-quality research is warranted to investigate whether improvement of pre-operative nutritional status can decrease SSI rates. (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 12, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Reduction of turnaround time for non-tuberculous mycobacteria detection in heater–cooler units by propidium monoazide–real-time polymerase chain reaction
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): S. Ditommaso, M. Giacomuzzi, G. Memoli, R. Cavallo, A. Curtoni, M. Avolio, C. Silvestre, C.M. ZottiSUMMARYBackgroundInvasive non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections are emerging worldwide in patients undergoing open-chest cardiac bypass surgery exposed to contaminated heater–cooler units (HCUs). Although this outbreak has been investigated by culturing bacteria isolated from HCU aerosol and water samples, these conventional methods have low-analytic sensitivity, high rates of sample contamination, and long turnarou...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 12, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

International Society of Cardiovascular Infectious Diseases Guidelines for the Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention of Disseminated Mycobacterium chimaera Infection Following Cardiac Surgery with Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): Barbara Hasse, Margaret Hannan, Peter M. Keller, Florian P. Maurer, Rami Sommerstein, Dominik Mertz, Dirk Wagner, Nuria Fernández-Hidalgo, Jim Nomura, Vinicio Manfrin, Dominique Bettex, Antonio Hernandez Conte, Emanuele Durante-Mangoni, Tommy Hing-Cheung Tang, Rhonda L. Stuart, Jens Lundgren, Steve Gordon, M. Claire Jarashow, Peter W. Schreiber, Stefan NiemannSummaryMycobacterial infection-related morbidity and mortality in patients following cardiopulmonary bypass surgery is high and and there is a growing need for a c...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 9, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

How do surgeons feel about the ‘Getting it Right First Time’ national audit? Results from a qualitative assessment
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Journal of Hospital InfectionAuthor(s): G. Birgand, R. Troughton, V. Mariano, S. Hettiaratchy, S. Hopkins, J.A. Otter, A. HolmesSummaryThe implementation of the national ‘Getting It Right First Time’ was assessed by interviewing six surgeons involved at various levels in surgical site infection (SSI) audit. The positive impacts were to create new professional collaboration, improve stakeholder engagement, and increase the profile of SSIs. One particular knowledge gap highlighted was that some participants had been unaware until that point of the criteria...
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - November 9, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research